The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 14, 1939 · Page 1
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March 14, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 14, 1939
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME n A « ». 0 N £ R H I S f K £ U 4 AR T D t P r o f 1 0 * * ' co« "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLV ' ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU. LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1939 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 133 NAZIS END CZECHO-SLOVAK NATION * · * · - » - - » - T T T- 1 * T ·»· T «?· 1* T V V f *T T f f T f -f-, f * · ·*· *(· · -?· I f - i f ' f i * p ' f - ' l - f - * f ' i ! f i ' ' f - - f - - f - ' f 4 f i Slovakia Declares Independence--Hungarians Seize Area Hitler Engineers Collapse; Germans Mass Near Border HOUSE WOULD PLACE CONTROL UNDER EVERETT Amendment Upsets Senate's Plan for Safety Commissioner BULLETIN DES MOINES, (^--Republican consolidation forces suf- ^-ired a major setback in the Iowa hojjse Tuesday when (he lower chamber adopted a public safety bill amendment re- movine the proposed department from the governor's jurisdiction and placing it under the slate attorney general. The senate agreed to take up the teachers' pension bill at 10:30 a. m., March 22, and delayed consideration of the farm- to-market road bill from Wednesday until Thursday. The vote a p p r o v i n g tlie amendment, offered by Kep. L. O. Lampman, (K), Frimghar, ivas 59 to 44. Representative Dean IV. Peisen (Il, Eldora, consolidation committee chairman, led the unsuccessful fight against the change. DES MOINES, (!P--A drive to call Secretary o£ State Earl G. Miller and W. Earl Hail, Mason City editor; before the Iowa house in ar. "investigation" ot the state safety "council conflict was overwhelmingly defeated in the house Breese and Decker Elected to Mason City School Board Tuesday. Vote on a resolution by Hep. Gustave .-.Alesch (D), Marcus, to · delay faclibn "on.-' the;, puttie," safety - Vote Heaviest Since 1924; Proposals to Sell Property Approved TABLE ON PAGE 11 Garfield E. Breese, local attorney, was re-elected to the school board in the annual election here Monday, polling 1,305 votes of the 1,974 cast. Jay E. Decker was chosen to fake the place of B. A. Webster, who resigned a month ago. Mr. Decker polled 11VO votes. Neis Landgren, labor candidate, received 636 votes and Mrs. G. W. Cady, 567, in the heaviest vote since 1924. Only 31T voted in the election a year ago. Both propositions to sell school property carried by large pluralities. The one providing for the sale of the Jackson school property, which will no longer be needed with the completion of the new Roosevelt junior high school, carried by a vote of 1,782 to 117. The one authorizing the board-to sell three houses on Madison avenue northwest, occupying ground purchased for the playground addition to the Monroe junior high school, carried by 1,626 to 163. Mr. Breese is completing his first three year term' as director this month and during his term of office has been active in furthering the establishment of the junior high school system. As an attorney his counsel often was important to the board'when a decision was to be made involving legal technicalities. Mr. Decker is the sqn of the founder of the Jacob E. Decker and Sons packing plant and until about a,year ago .was active in the [management of the business. He re-. · ' " "79'inbesr. . The foes would h a v e been asked to appear Thursday morning before the house, sitting as a committee of the whole. At Odds With Miller Hall, who is president of the safety council, has been at odds with Miller over council and highway patrol policies ever since the secretary fired f o i- m e r patrol chief, John R. Hattery. The safety department bill would remove the highway patrol from Miller's jurisdiction in a consolidation of enforcement and inspection functions into one division under the governor, senate. The bill passed in the alter'.Us'..acquisition by Ar- Tiour anTd;ConTpany but'is still^ac- ive in several other businesses inn? the city. DUNN SELECTION STILL UNCERTAIN Biermann Suggested for Marshal; Gillette Not Consulted .WASHINGTON, )-- Whether Nine of those voting for the resolution were democrats. In squelching the resolution, the republican leadership accused Alesch of seeking.to stir up dissension against the safely measure. "Don't you think we ought to include an invitation to J o e Louis and Max Schmeling?" Representative Earl C. Fishbaugh (R), Shenandoah, asked. "Not Joking Matter" "This is not a matter of joking," Alesch responded. "In all fairness to the republican party and to this legislature, this matter should be cleared up." Alesch asserted some "insinuating rumors have been circulated j about this fight." He quoted' Miller as saying the safety council had spent 575,000 in state funds. Under provisions .of the safety department measure. Alesch said, the council would be given the right to spend, state funds. Republican 'leaders retorted that any allocation for safety education work would have to run the gamut of the house and senate appropriations committees. Tells of Interview Alesch told of calling on Miller and informing the secretary he would "blast Miller out of office if the stories we heard about the official were true." Miller replied, Alesch continued,-that he would resign if anybody could "bring proof thst he (Miller) ever had done anything crooked."' "Mr. Miller stands on that promise." the legislator added. "For that reason. I want Mr. Miller to be here, and his enemies as well." he continued. "If they ! have any" proof that he is not qualified, he will resign." Blue Assails Alesch Alesch asserted that a senator had told him the safety bill, which would remove the highway patrol from Miller's jurisdiction, had passed the senate "because Miller was continuing to double- cross people in connection with the duties ol his own department." Representative Robert D. Blue (R). Eagle Grove, asked Alesch i£ he was asking for "an investigation or impeachment?" "I want them to come here and answer questions," Alesch replied. Blue then assailed Alesch for Senator Guy M. Gillette (D-Iowa) will be consulted concerning the appointments of United States district attorney and marshal for northern Iowa was uncertain Tuesday. . The term of Ed Dunn of Mason City, as district attorney, expires Wednesday. Marshal John B. Keith's term expired eight months ago and he is in office as a holdover. Keith lives in Sioux City. Dunn actively supported former Representative ptha Wearin in the administration's attempted purge of Gillette last year. Early this winter Dunn spent several days here. It was said at the time he sought assurance of reappointment over Gillette's opposition. Hasn't Been Asked no question at all about patronage Gillette has with me." By agreement. handled federal patronage in northern Iowa and Senator Herring that in southern Iowa, except in the first and ninth districts which are represented in the house by democrats. The post office department has been requesting and following Gillette's recommendation? for postmasters-hip appointments in northern Iowa. Several Suggested Gillette said Ray Rccd of Waterloo. had been suggested by friends for the attorney-ship, as had John D. Anderson of Sioux City, Horace Van Meter- of Waterloo, Carl Hageman of Waverly, former Iowa Atty. Gen. John Mitchell of Fort Dodge. Ed Breen of Fora Dodge, Frank Gilloon of Dubuque, and others. The senator said Keith and former Representative Fred Biermann of Decorah, had been discussed for the marshal's job. "Mr. Biermann has not asked for the appointment; he has been -suggested by friends," Gillette said. "If I am asked for recommendations for attorney and marshal, I shall he guided in part by geogra- 130WORKERSIN TWO LAUNDRIES OUT ON STRIKE Closed Shop Principal Point of Contention Between Firms, Union Practically all of more than 130 laundry and dry cleaning workers in the Ideal American laundry, 22 First street southwest, and the Lyons Laundry and Dry Cleaners Inc., 29-39 Second street southwest, were out on strike Tuesday. Striking workers formed pickel lines at both plants and attempted to prevent the laundries from receiving any new orders. The strikers agreed, however, to permi deliveries of all laundry and dry cleaning orders in the plant when the strike was called. A police officer was stationec at each plant but no violence was reported. Closed Shop Issue · The principal point at issue wa that of closed shop, according t C. M. Lyons, president of thi Lyons latedry, and W. J. Hola han, general manager of the Idea American. All other issues in con troversy between employers am union employes have been set tied or were in a state of negotia tions when the workers walke out Monday evening, it was stated The strike was called followin a vote by members of the Intet national Launderers, Cleaner. Dyers and Pressers local union, A F. of L. affiliate, in which it was decided 47 to 10 to strike, accord- [jngrTtorJoeiPeasesiuniotirbusiness ··agent.'·'"·-'·"· -tr V'- - - - . · Asked Hour Agreement' Mr. Pease stated that in addition to the closed shop issue the workers also protested failure of the employers to include any hours limitations in the counter proposal which they had submitted to the union. The iniion is asking for a 46 hour maximum and 40 hour guaranteed minimum week in the laundry division and 48 hour maximum and 42 hour minimum week in the dry cleaning division. He indicated that" the question ot wages was secondary at this time since the employers a month ago raised the minimum pay from 22',;; cents an hour'to 25 cents an hour, effective March 1. Negotiations Going On The managements of the laundries stated that the weekly hours question and a wage scale for the cleaners was in a state of negotiation when the strike was called. "We could have settled everything else but refused to proceed with negotiations further when Pease insisted on the closed shop," Plea for WPA ?unds Made yy Roosevelt Asks $150,000,000, Stating Responsibility Rests With Congress WASHINGTON, (VP)--President Hoosevelt, describing the relief iituation as "very serious," told :he law making branch Tuesday hat responsibility for appropriat- ng sufficient money to cany on WPA until July 1 "rests of necessity" on congress. While not recommending a specific deficiency figure, the president in a special message asserted recent data furnished him substantiated the "real need" of his previous proposal for an additional appropriation of 5150,000,000. Barkley Predicts Passage This was the amount cut b. congress from his original January request for S875,000,000 to rut WPA the last five months of the fiscal year, and which he askec to have restored in a message Feb. 7. In his message Tuesday, Mr Hoosevelt said there had been n "substantial change" in condition of unemployment since then. Immediately, Senator Barkley of Kentucky, the democratic leader, predicted the senate would vote the 5150,000,000. Senator McNary of Oregon, the republican chief, said the sum would be approved if it were needed "for relief and not for politics."' Asks WPA Inquiry Barkley asserted that prompt action was necessary if there was not to be a sharp reduction in WPA rolls on April 1 and that he saw no.need. for-lengthy hearings. Meanwhile, just before the other should come from the east "I haven't been asked for rec- ! P"y. If one were to come from ommendations by anybody rep- I the west part of the district, (lie resenting the president or the department of Justice," Gillette said Tuesday. "I might conceivably be asked for such a recommendation in the next few days. "If I am, I shall be very glad to discuss the matter with the president or the department of justice. "The administration has raised Keith has been marshal for six- years. The senator declined to discuss the possibility of the senate's refusal to confirm Dunn if the president should reappoint him. introducing his resolution in the safety department bill debate "when he knew of this conflict ] for weeks." The republican floor leader also wanted to know why former Secretary of State Robert E. O'Brian, a democrat, was not included in the motion. Says Names Avoided "He authorized the money the safety council might have spenl," Blue commented. Representative Dean W. Peisen (R), Eldora. told the house that the consolidation committee which he heads made it a practice of avoiding "even the mention of names in drawing up this legislation." "Mr. Miller's or Mr. Hall's part in this was never discussed," he said. "Mr. Alesch knows also that the safety council issue was not part of this bill two years ago." The democrats voted down a similar measure by Peisen in 1937. The safety department bill, which would unite approximately 260 employes into one state division under a public safety commissioner, survived another attack when Speaker John R. Irwin ruled out of order a motion to table the measure. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Cloudy, snow in northwest, rain turning to snow in northeast, much colder Tuesday niffht, moflcrale cold wave in northwest: Wednesday considerable cloudiness, colder in central and east portions, much colder in extreme cast portion. MINNESOTA: Snow Tuesday night, probably heavy in north portion, probably ending Wednesday morning; much colder in west and south portions, severe cold wave in southwest and cx- (rcme wcsC portions Tucsday night, colder in cast Wednesday; strong northeast, shifting to northwest winds. Iowa Shippers' Forecast for Tuesday Night: Northwest, 5; northeast, 15; southwest, 20; southeast, 25; Des Moines, HO, IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Monday 47 Minimum Monday night 30 At 8 a. m. Tuesday 34 YEAR AGO; Maximum 52 Minimum 28 said Mr. Holahan. "This is not a closed shop town and the maintenance of a closed shop in our business xvould only add to an already difficult situation,"' said Mr. Lyons. Started in February - Organization of the two laundries here got under way in February, 1938, with the managements taking the position of not interfering with the organization. ''We did not attempt to keep any employe from joining the union," Mr. Holahan pointed out, "I took the position that we would be glad to sign any kind of contract presented if the organizer could procure a like contract from other large laundries operating in this territory, which pay a wage scale much smaller than here. Need Large Territory "There has never been a dollar made in the laundry business in Mason City since 1931 except for a few months in 1937," he added. "The reason for this was the fact that the industry here was so overequipped that it became necessary to get the business in an area. 150 miles from Mason City. This labor was kept employed because we reached out and brought this business to Mason City. "In Des Moines, for instance, no laundry has to go outside of a 15 mile radius. Coal in Mason City costs two and a half times as much as in Des Moines and water twice as much. "More than 60 per cent of the laundry work done in Mason City comes from out of town. One Plant Sufficient "Either of our plants, the Lyon: or the Ideal American, can do 5C per cent more work than is pro vided in the Mason City territory proper. In all there are four plant, in Mason City." The managements of the t\v plants stated that negotiation with the union got under way Frf ' day and that practically every president's message was/read to the house, Representative Cox (D., Ga. announced from the floor that he was introducing a resolution to "broaden the powers of the appropriations committee so as to make possible a full investigation of the WPA." Faced With Condition "The government of the United States is faced today with a condition and not a theory," the chief executive declared. "Tlie insufficiency of the money appropriated will compel the administrator to discharge about a million and a uarter actual workers in the immediate future. "I cannot bring myself lo be- leve that these discharged men nd women will contribute to the prosperity of the United States, lor do I believe that the merch- nts and landlords they are now baling with will become pros- ierous when their trade ceases. "Therefore, the responsibility or the situation in which all of hese people will find themselves during the coming three months ·ests of necessity within the de- congress of the ision of the United States." 2 Rent Farm for 30 Years, Then Buy It KEOSAUQUA, (ffj--After rent ng a l i a acre farm near here for 30 years, Mr. and Mrs. Evans Craig changed their status. They bough he farm on which they paid ren 'or three decades. :hing was settled when Mr. Feasc raised the closed shop issue. "We made up our minds tha with the competition we have wi'.l lower wage scale plans in Oehvein Waterloo, Cresco and other place that the closed shop would mak :he situation unbearable," said Mr Lyons. Pickup Cost Too High "There is not a plant among th 30 reporting to the National Asso ciation of Laundry Owners tha has a pickup and delivery cost o more than 16 per cent. Becaus of the miles we travel in an cffor to keep 75 persons in their posi- I Slovaks. SLOVAKS TAKE STEP AS HITLER GIVES SUPPORT Carpatho-Ukraine Is Partly Occupied by Hungarian Troops BULLETIN LE1TMEKITZ, German Sil- dctenland, (/P)--Detachments of German artillery and cavalry and searchlight batteries with full field equipment left Lcit- meritz at 6 a. m. (noon, E. S. T.) Tuesday moving in tlie direction of Liboch, on the Czech-German border. Liboch, in German territory, is just across the Post-Munich frontier from the Czech town of Melnik, about 24 miles north- cast ot Prague. BRATISLAVA, W ) -- T h e Czecho-Slovak republic was torn apart Tuesday by a Slovak parliament acting under the protection of Adolf Hitler and with a pledge of German troops to aid n case of trouble. The parliament of the central ection of the shrunken, three- lart republic, declared the inde- icndence of Slovakia and created i new nation under Germany's ving shortly after noon. Carpatho-Ukraine, the isolated easternmost section regarded now as lost to Prague, was reported partly occupied by Hungarian roops. Report Troop Movements (In Prague, the Czecho-Slovak central government resigned in .he crisis. .There-were .reports of arge troop movements in Germany.) The parliament decided on a republican form of government and named Dr. Joseph Tiso as "fret premier of independent Slovakia. Tiso reported in detail liis conversations with Hitler in Berlin VTonday night. He returned from the German capital, where he had jone at Hitler's invitation, with a promise of Hitlers protection should Slovakia · decide to strike out for independence. Parliament was asked: "Shall Slovakia be independent'.'" The members voted by rising. It was unanimous. Tiso was ousted last Friday by the centra! government of Slovakia on charges of tolerating a Slovak separatist movement. Separation Is Complete Prospects were that Tiso also would become president or chief of state. No formal constitution had been drawn up so the nature of the office of president was still to be specified. "Our separation from the Czechs is complete," Tiso told the Associated Press correspondent a few minutes after the historic session of parliament. "Vast problems remain and our next concern will be to draft a constitution. "Some of my colleagues are suggesting that I lead the state but that is a mailer for the future."' Talked With Hitler The parliament met behind closed doors to decide the issue of cutting Slovakia loose from the shrunken Czccho-Slovak republic and create a new European nation under the protection of nazi Germany. It had been convoked at Germany's insistence. Tiso flew back from a Berlin conference with Chancellor Hitler to preside. The peace of Munich made Slovakia autonomous within the Czecho-Slovak state. Tuesday's decision between independence and continued connection with the Prague government was decided by a standing vote and was a foregone conclusion even before parliament met. The new Slovak nation has a population of 2,600,000, mostly State Envisioned by Wopdrow Wilson and Versailles Treaty Ends BULLETIN PRAGUE, Iff)--The Prague office of the Witlkowitz Iron and Steel Works said i(s works manager at Moravska-Ostrava hat] reported by telephone that German troops had marched into that Czech city and occupied it. PRAGUE, (AP)--The Czecho-Slovak federal state was formally dissolved by its government Tuesday--five and a half months after its first dismemberment, at Munich--with one foreign army already invading its soil and another threatening to march in. It collapsed after Slovakia, guided by Adolf Hitler, declared its independence. Thus ended the republic envisioned during- the World war by President Woodrow Wilson and created at the-Versailles peace conference. Hungary Sends Ultimatum Hungarian troops marched through the Carpathian valleys of the country's easternmost region and the Hungarian government gave Prague until 3 p. m. Wednesday (8 a. m'., *C, S." T.) to get Czech troops out of Carpatho-Ukraine. Germany's overwhelming army waited outside the frontiers drawn by the Munich accord for an order to enter if need be. Fears were expressed in Nazi Troops Are Massed Along Border BERLlft, (U.R--The post-war republic ot Czech o-Slovakia collapsed Tuesday under the. military threat of 'nazi "Germany's "march to the east." With Nazi Fuehrer Adolf Hitler putting on the pressure, the dismembered republic was splitting up into three independent states on the anniversary of Germany's seizure of Austria. First to go was Slovakia, which proclaimed its independence at Bratislava early Tuesday with the support of nazi armed forces massed along the frontier and expected to march across the border after midnight. Have Hitler's Consent Second was the easternmost tip of the little republic, Carpatho- Ukraine, which was reported by radio to have declared its independence a few hours later. Previously Hungarian troops had battled Czech soldiers on the Car- patho-Ukraine frontier, invaded the area--apparently with the tacit consent of- Hitler--and sent an ultimatum to the Prague government demanding withdrawal of the Czech troops In 24 hours. The action meant either Hungarian over-lordship or annexation, which appeared more likely, over Carpatho-Ukraine to give Hungary and Poland a common frontier. tions 52 weeks a year our costs are 27.4 per cent. If we were working under normal conditions we would have money to split with our employes. "Some of the girls who have been with us 16 years are working in the plant today, keeping the organization going. We believe the people who have been with us that period of time should know if the conditions are right. Most of the trouble comes from girls who have been with us only a few months." The Lyons and Ideal American managements stated they consented to the so-called checkoff system for collecting dues, providing for retaining the union dues out of the pay checks on written notice from the employes. The third part ot the republic, Bohemia and Moravia, remained to ibe Czechs but only under nazi suffrance and President Emil Hacha left Prague for Berlin to ask Hitler what to do. Massed Along: Frontiers German police were massed along the Czech and Slovak frontiers and German garrisons nearby were at full strength. Slovak sources asserted that the nazi troops would occupy four Czechoslovak cities, but information coming from persons close to the nazi foreign office was that several thousand of Hitler's body guard regiment and storm troopers would march into Slovakia. In addition, Slovak sources believed nazi troops would march into Czech territory to protect Germans from alleged Czech terrorism. Germany obviously was given a free hand in central Europe by Great Britain and France, which kept hands off Hitler's sudden move to force full "co-operation" by the Prague regime. official circles that the republic might yet become a battleground if Hitler chooses to challenge Hungary's .-effort to annex Carpatho-Ukraine. ' ' ' ' President Emil Hacha, accompanied by Foreign Minister Frantisek Chvalkovsky, left by train for Berlin to confer with the German chancellor--m o r e than ever master of central Europe. It was in a 90 minute conference with Dr. Joseph Tiso, now premier of Slovakia, that Hitler Monday night engineered the Slovak secession and creation of Europe's newest nation. Early in the afternoon it was denied officially that the German army had entered the country, despite some reports to the contrary. Collapse of the federal union through the Slovak declaration of independence at Bratislava was first announced to this Czech capital at 3 p. m. Czechs were unprepared for the magnitude of the shock, but they received the news calmly and with resignation. Anxiety quickly spread among Jewish inhabitants and German emigres whose first thoughts were to flee if possible. (There are about 21,000 Jews in Bohemia-Moravia.) Hundreds of persons rushed to foreign consulates seeking visas. The official announcement ot the federal dissolution called on Czechs to observe discipline and try (o understand the situation. How the Czechs would reorganize Bohemia and Moravia was ·iot~ clear. "We worked together 20 years with the Slovaks and certainly not ;o the detriment of the Slovaks." the government announcement iaid. "That is attested to by flourishing cities and towns in Slovakia. The state federation is dissolved. "Czcchs Without Hate" '·This act leaves every Czech without enmity or hate. We wish them (the Slovaks) a happy fu- An unanswered question immediately confronting the new nation was its relation to Carpa- tho-Ukraine--the third and easternmost political division of Czecho-Stovakia after Munich. Diplomats Are Excluded Carpatho-Ukraine was reported b e i n g occupied by Hungarian troops. (There has been agitation in Hungary and Poland for Hungarian annexation of Carpatho- Ukraine. thus creating a common Polish-Hungarian frontier, Germany has opposed the plan.) The Slovak parliament meeting opened at 10 a. m. Only some 40 deputies were present and only they were allowed in the building. Even foreign diplomats were excluded from the square in front of the government building. COOGAN AND MOTHER AGREE Will Divide Equally Remaining $250,000 of Film Earnings HOLLYWOOD, CUP; -- J a c k i e Coogan and his mother have agreed to divide equally approximately $250,000 worth of property--all that remains of the estimated S5.000.000 Coogan earned as a child film star--the United Press learned Tuesday. T h e agreement will settle a long court fight between the two. ture. "The nesv situation also changes matters in Prague. The government will take the necessary steps called for by the new situation." The announcement ended with a call for "discipline and understanding." Czecho-Slovakia apparently could not survive the amputations of last October a n d . N o - vember, when large park of a once-thriving republic were taken by Germany, Poland and Hungary. These were the steps today that led up to the announcement of dissolution: This is what happened Tuesday: President Emil Hacha. under pressure from Adolf Hitler, convened the Slovak parliament. The Slovaks declared themselves an independent state with Dr. Joseph Tiso as the new premier. The Czecho-Slovak cabinet of Premier Rudolf Beran drew the consequences fvom this secession and resigned," The Czech unity party was

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