The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 1, 1937 · Page 4
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March 1, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W.; LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE.COMPANY IS 1-123 East State Street . Telephone No. 3800 LEE IV LOOM1S _ - - - - - Publisher W. EARL HALL - Managing Editor ENOCH A; NOREM - - -. City Editor LLOYD L. GEER r - Advertising Manager Entered as second-class matter April 17, 1930, at the post- office at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1679. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively en titled to'the use tot publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and all local .news. . - · Full leased wire service by United Press. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Moincs news and business cilices at 4D5 Shops Building.' SUBSCRIPTION RATES Alason .City and Clear by the week Lake. . . » .15 la;oti City and Clear Lake, by tbe year ..S7.0G OUTSIDE MASON. CITY ANI CLEAR LAKE AND WITHIN 100 MILES OF MASON .CITY Per year by carrier ...,51.00 By,mall 6 months ^ . . . Per week by carrier ..:.5 .15 , ' ' By mail 3 months ...".1.S1.25 Per year by mall ......54.00. By mail 1 month $ .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE' ZONE IN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per Year ..56.00 Six'months ..S3.25 Three month! .,$1.75 IN ALL STATES OTHER TUAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per yr.. .55.00 6 months. .34.50 .** months. .52.50 1 month. .$].00 Will History Repeat? TTISTORY often repeats itself. Girls from Italy ·^ are going over to Ethiopia to be the wives of, colonists there. Fourteen hundred women sailed recently from Geona for Massaua, Eritrea, to become partners in new homes in Africa's-Ethiopian colony. Some of the women were the wives of colonists already in Ethiopia; others were unmarried women expecting to find mates among the Italians transplanting themselves to African soil. A much similar picture was presented some 300 years ago in what are now the states of Virginia and Massachusetts in this.nation, and also on the banks of the Mississippi delta on which New Orleans is now located. Girls were brought from England to wed the adventurous men who had followed John Smith into the then wilds of this continent. Women also came from England to wed unknown husbands in the Pilgrim colony of Massachusetts. French girls emigrated to Louisiana for marriages with the settlers in the then imagined new empire for the Loueys in the western hemisphere. Perhaps Italy may as the picture moves through time also see the day when the Italians in Ethiopia will revolt against the mother country and establish as did the colonists of Virginia, Massachusetts and the other colonies a new government uncontrolled from the European continent. Italy expects as did England and France that colonies will place gold in the coffers of the home government. The settlers may consider the demands of the mother, country exorbitant and stage another Boston tea party in protest. ". France fared better than did England in parting with the colony it had originally planted. Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States without a war. Its inhabitants rejoiced at the opportunity of; becoming citizens of a nation that promised liberty to its citizens. i , ( Pioneer spirit begets a desire to be^tiore than a -paw.n of_ 'aiforeign' government. Our^ democracy leally began ·with-the landings at Jamestown, and Plymouth Hock. ' Italy may be creating a colony that will at some future time be the cornerstone of a democracy on a continent of which all but the small state of Liberia is now subject to the suzer- ainity of a European power. Darkest Africa may become another United States. For National Chaplain TV/rANY an lowan in and out of the American ivl Legion is going to find it a pleasure to add blessing to the candidacy of the Rev. P. N. McDeiv mott o£ Atlantic for the national chaplaincy o? the American Legion. Father McDermott has probably given as much time and effort to the American Legion as any individual in Iowa, save possibly the two lowans who have held the exalted position of national commander. Although a priest of the Roman Catholic church, Father McDermotfs interests comprehend sll denominations. He is affectionately known as "Father Pat" to thousands upon thousands of Iowa service men. An admirable voice he has been down through the years for a great and powerful religion. At the recent conference o£ commanders and adjutants at Des Moines, announcement by Ray Murphy of the McDermott candidacy, launched by unanimous vote of the state executive committee of the American Legion, drew an ovation from a huge banquet audience which mirrored Father Pat's place of affection in the hearts of Iowa Legionnaires. Father McDermott made a model Iowa department chaplain. It's the national organization's good fortune that his services are available on the larger scale. Found Not Wanting /CITIES in the Ohio valley flood zone which were ^ operating on the manager plan are credited with meeting the emergent situation in a more resourceful and effectual manner than those operating under other types of government. Cincinnati was a conspicuous case in point. In this most populous of the flooded communities, an unprecedented emergency was met with an unprecedented emergency device. Having a manager accustomed to working on a business basis, and being free of administrative officials trained to think in terms of favors and patronage, it was comparatively easy to invest the manager with the powers of a welfare dictator and to gain at one motion the advantage of centralized relief direction. The city manager plan, incidentally, is closely related to a flood emergency, for it was in 1813, after the disastrous flood, that Dayton, despairing of efficient and economical government under other plans, set up a city manager system to handle its flood control problem. The plan worked so successfully that it was adopted by scores of cities. Although bom 'at Staunton, Va., the city manager plan was given enormous impetus after being tested in the crucible of that 1313 flood and found not wanting. If being in contempt of congress Is established as a serious offense by the Townsend case, they'll need to enlarge the penitentiaries Peggy Garcia appears to have been just a bit yulnerablc in her heart suit. ' FOREIGN AFFAIRS By AlAlUt BYEKS XS ·· WORLD STIIUtED BY ROOSEVELT DEMAND FOR BARRIER REMOVAL TH Spain, and ils various "volunteer" forces, locked up in virtual quarantine to settle their own affairs as best they can, interest in world politics has veered to the maneuvers for a general settlement which are rife in all the world capitals. Foreign opinion professes to see President Roosevelt taking a hand in the situation in the Paris address of Ambassador Bullitt, on Washington's birthday,, in v»hich he demanded removal of barriers to world .trade, and denounced vast armament programs as eventually incompatible with world peace. ( By reading "a great deal between the lines, the anxious commentators abroad see in this speech Rooseveltian condemnation of the tremendous British armament budget, just announced, and by contrast support of Premier Blum's government in France. They expect, also, the launching of a general conference on the slate of the world and the state of Europe especially, from Washington. President Roosevelt is · seen as anxious to make permanent peace in Europe, and willing to engage the authority of the United States in such a project. A good deal of this is probably wishful thinking on .the part o£ the French, and it ignores many obstacles that will have to be overcome before President Roosevelt could make any such move. There is first, the matter of the war debts, which will require disposition before any American participation in such a conference could yield results. There is also the matter of American neutrality legislation, now up before congress and apparently near a compromise between the president's demand for a free hand, and the insistence of a strong senatorial bloc on a flat embargo in time of war. II the president's hands should be tied by a general prohibition of trade with belligerents, he would be deprived of trading stock for such a meeting. Also, there may be some, limitations placed upon the president's present power to negotiate trade agreements, with a similar, result. · Certainly, however much Mr. Roosevelt might want to summon the powers to the conference table to conciliate each other, now is no time for it. His hands are full at home with the great struggle over the supreme court, and the general American dread of entanglement in Europe would make such a proposal at this time a weapon in the hands of his enemies. * « a AS BRITAIN BEGINS PREPARATION FOR "WARFARE IN -A REALLY BIG WAY TWTOREOVER, it is still to be proved that Mr. *" Roosevelt is as displeased as the above theory would make him 'with the British · armament program. There is good reason to think that the elaborate and expensive scheme for increasing the British navy, strengthening its army and revamping and doubling its air force,' has had a salutary effect on the continent. In general Britain has set out to match and double-match the German rearmament program, to demonstrate to the continent and its . ambitious dictators that her colossal resources can create a war machine in jig time -- and what is more, can continue business as usual in the meantime. That Messrs. Hitler and Mussolini could not achieve. They made Italy and Germany armed camps, but at the cost of awful demoralization of their national economies. The British are, in a word, making a most expensive but convincing demonstration that while the dictators can arm to start a. war, Britain can not only do that but can also fight a war indefinitely on her own resources. The appreciably milder tone in Home and Berlin, and the mutual agreement to let Spain stew in her own juice, show the. British project has its effect. Any r Roosevelt , hope oE a, general/ peace conference, comes" 'late on the scene at 'tliis nioment. A month ago the idea was explored at length, both publicly and- privately, with France making friendly gestures to Germany which Britain helped along. But Germany proved recalcitrant. Apparently Herr Hitler interpreted the gestures as signs of fear and weakness, snd his reply was ; to demand more and better colonies, and a break-up of the Franco- Russian defensive alliance which the Blum government regards as its chief life preserver in case of war. The proclamation of the British re-armament program, on a scale larger than that .of the armament race which preceded .the World war, was the sequel. It is reasonably plain evidence that there is 110 chance for a conference until such time as the British and their allies are prepared to slam down on the table just as big a gun as Der Fuehrer. * * * BORDER PATROL STOPS MARCH OF OUTSIDE MEN TO SPANISH WAR '·pHE Spanish, border is now closely guarded, and ·*· its coasts are patrolled by an international fleet to prevent the importation o£ men or munitions, with Italy and Germany, who have between them some 60,00.0 or more troops in Spain, among the powers guaranteeing neutrality and non-intervention. Russia and France, friends of the Spanish government, have virtually ceased active support of their friends to prevent European complications, and Germany and Italy seem to feel that Franco, the insurgent leader, now has all necessary men and supplies, and can look after himself. The future of Spain thus for the present has ceased to be a European question. Apparently the rebels are expected to win, and nobody cares. Of course they will owe their victory to the Italian and German assistance, and what form ot government will emerge remains to be seen. The chances are that neither Germany nor Italy could long control a victorious rebel government -- the Spanish have always bitterly resented foreign domination, and fought against it. Besides, could Hitler and Mussolini avoid a clash between themselves after the victory was won? However it is gratifying that all the powers seem to have decided that there is nothing in Spain worth fighting for and so that the bloody business has been sterilized so far as the danger of a general European war is concerned. e * . * JAPANESE AI11UY CLIQUE MAY BE LOSING GRIP AT LONG LAST TNFORMED foreign opinion now believes that the ·*· Japanese army clique which for nearly six years has dominated the government, is losing its grip. In the show-down following the recent diet upheaval and downfall of the cabinet, public support and confidence in the army, has largely disappeared. It was signalized by a breach between the army and the navy, the latter service having always hitherto followed the army lead unquestioningly. Japanese public opinion is said now to feel that the army overrreached itself in attempting to add MQrth China and Inner Mongolia to its Manchukuo conquest. In place of succeeding in this objective. it crystallized Chinese indignation and united China as never before, leading to a rapid armament of China and an influx of Russian troops and planes into eastern Siberia which now has all Japan thoroughly alarmed. At a time when China might have accepted with good grace the loss of Manchuria, the army over-played its hand by new demands, and then infuriated Russia by' making the anti-communist alliance with Germany which Russia felt to be plain notice of coming attack. In view of the fact that the Japanese army has always strongly relied on the support of the masses, n blind loyalty to the emperor, this change of feeling is held now to signalize the approaching end of Japanese militarism as the dominant force in the state. Already its swollen budget has been cut, even at a time when renewed building of American and British naval vessels threatens to alter the balance of power in the Pacific. The danger of a fascist coup to regain the. power lost is not regarded as serious now, since the army stands isolated and cannot even' rely upon the aid of the sister service. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . y . . . by Scott AW 15J_A,MC AMERICA , flAYH. ONE UNIVERSAL. -- -Tte- ARE NUMEROUS ANE PREY UPON HERDS oFcATiO.E. ftiE USUAL. METHOD OU PIECE OF WAS ·'fb'fWEl-.VE. AND ONE,- 1M -THEM io S H O . AND HAMMEP.'THEM '5" ONCE- BRffiStt ES ·Wl STAMPS EACH MEAN-T "-foafrfANp LOOKED .UKE.OUR MODERM "W-'frUS PHOEK1C1ANS WROTE IT AND PROMOUKCED rf "SH IN "-Ef iftE. J_Err-fE.R UP OH . -AND CAU-EO Yf "Sl^MA*- AND-fte ROMANS R.OUNDEP OFF -THE SttAKP ££·, CBEArflUi DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDCNING, ]M. D. OLD THEORY OF GERMS REVIVED qMiE GHOST o£ Joseph Lister must have smiled ·*· to itself in the last few weeks if it became cognizant of some writings that have appeared in various magazines. Lister is generally credited with the development of sterile modern surgery. As a matter of fact', he was responsible for the idea that infections were produced by germs, and he especially emphasized germs in - the air., The germs in the air, he thought, fell into the open wound and contaminated it, and his idea was to kill all the air germs by using a carbolic spray ill the operating room. His principle was the principle of antiseptic surgery; only incidentally did he practice the idea of aseptic surgery, the sterilization of .instruments, · hands, ; gowns, towels arid sponges. . ;· -\ . Since'long before Lister died, sterilization by heat (plus soap and water on the hands of the op- ,I)r. Clsndeninr orators) has been all that the modern suigeon has required. The' carbolic spray of Lister that filled the operating rooms for a short time has not been used for over 40 years. But the germ content oE the air is again under investigation, according to J. D. Radcliff, in a recent magazine article. He saj's that two Harvard investigators built a sneezing machine into the wall of a room like an operating room. The atomizing nozzle sent a spray of bacteria mixed with distilled water into the room. They found that the germs which attached "themselves to tiny particles o£ water did not fall to the floor alter the water had evaporated, but floated around, in the air of the operating room. They found that by turning the light of an artificial ray lamp into the room they could kill practically all the floating germs. Applied to Operating Room. At the hospital oE Duke university, according to Mr. Hatciiff, this has been put to practical appli- .cation in the operating rooms, by using a battery of eight ultraviolet ray tubes. The results, as reported in operative cases indicate that this has caused great improvement. Hospitalization time for a group in which the lights were used averaged nine days. With another group in which the lights were not used, the hospitalization time was 21 days. From South America comes another experiment in which a surgeon is using ammonia to sterilize the air of a room. He maintains that wounds heal more promptly with fewer cases of infection of any kind.than under the ordinary aseptic surgical tech- nic. I have seen no confirmation of these experiments in technical magazines, but I can't help feeling that the revival of his idea is very gratifying to Joseph Lisler. ALL OF US By MARSHALL, DO YOU PLAY YOUR HUNCHES? · T DON'T THINK I'm superstitious, but I do believe ·*· in some things I can't explain. I don't spit on the palm of my,left hand whenever-I see a white horse. Never looked for a four- leaf clover in my life. ' Never shivered when I saw a black cat 01- was troubled when I broke a mirror or spilled the 'salt at table. But I do believe in playing hunches. I'm not referring to hunches about selling stock before it drops 10 points or about not starting an ocean voyage on a Friday. I know that some people swear by such things and can give you examples of the wonderful hunches they've had, but I can't seem to believe any of them. The hunches I'm talking about are the ones you have in human relationships. You have a hunch -you oughtito have a talk with a friend about some apparent misunderstanding. You have a hunch another friend needs money but is ashamed to ask you for a loan. You have a hunch you ought to bring home a box of candy. You have a hunch one of your children ought to be taken to the doctor. You have a hunch you've been talking too much. And all these hunches should receive serious consideration. We have certain powers that are only vaguely understood. We sense undercurrents in human affairs without Ijeing able to put the finger of the mind directly on the spot. A husband says, "What's wrong? 7 ' His wife says, "nothing." But the husband isn't fooled. He knows something is, though she denies it--and almost any wife can see through any husband's efforts to be cheerful when he's worried. Something within us gives warning and' those warnings are rarely wrong--because they come from the hidden mind that is wiser than most ot us realize. .Wiser and kinder and braver EARLIER DAYS IN MASON Thirty Years Afro-Mrs. L. M. Valentine is visiting in Clarksville today. J. W. Barlow is in the city on business from Algona today. Sen. J. D. Glass is looking after business matters in Iowa City today. Charles Craft left today for Wichita, Kans., following a visit in the city. Mrs. Augusta Paul of Nashua is visiting relatives in fhe city. . James Griffith returned yesterday from a business trip at Minneapolis. Howard Reynolds left today on a business trip through southern Illinois and south through Texas. Z. B. Stewart of Eagle Grove is in the city today visiting with relatives. Twenty Years Ago-- '1VASHINGTON-- Coriijilefe arrajiffcmeiifs for fhe withdrawal of American diplomatic and consular officers from Austria-Hungary have been made by Ambassador Pcnficld on instructions from the state department. KANSAS CITY, Mo.--F. M. Hammitt, principal of the Mason City, Iowa, high school, today addressed the convention of the National Association of Principals o£ the secondary schools on the subject "The Year Around School." Fred D. Ford of Rockwell transacted business in the city today. R. L. Finch returned today from a few days business trip through Worth county. Mrs. Denny Collins of forest City has returned home following a week's visit with friends in the city. Ten Years Ago-Lloyd Bergin, for 13 years identified with Hie Globe-Gazette, but for the past year connected with Avery and Son, insurance firm, has been appointed district manager of the Berkshire Life Insurance company. Iowa defeated Chicago 25 to 33, Indiana won from Wisconsin 31 to 23, and Northwestern out- pointed .Minnesota 33 to 25 in Big Ten basketball games played last night. SHANGHAI-- Serious dissension between the two allied northern armies defending Shanghai against the Cantonese was foreshadowed today when one of the leading generals of Marshal Sun Chuan-fang, nominal leader of this territory, refused to fight with the Shantung forces, which are coming to Sun's aid. St. Joseph's parochial school cagcrs downed Lawlet- 23 to 12 last niglil, with Johnson leading the scoring with seven points. TOMORROW ·VTolable Births--Paul de Kruif, b. 1890 in Zeeland, *·* Mich., bacteriologist and our No. 1 biographer of men of science; author of Hunger Fighters, Microbe Hunters, etc., and collaborator with' Sinclair Lewis on Arrowsmith . . . Samuel Untermyer, b. 1858 in Lynchburg, Va., lawyer who began arguing cases before he was 21, now collects fees of $1,000,000 for handling single cases for corporation. He wears a fresh orchid in his coat lapel every day . , . Inez Hayes Irwin, b. 1873 in Brazil, novelist. March 2, 1639--Pierre le Moyne, Sieur de Iberville, 38, reached the mouth of the Mississippi river on an invasion undertaken under orders of the French government, and established Fort Biloxi, first post on the Mississippi. There he founded Louisiana and from it he pushed the first settlement, of the Mississippi valley. He was a native of Canada. March 2, 1820--The "Missouri compromise" act WHS passed by congress. It permitted Missouri to enter as a slave state, but prohibited slavery in any other territory north of lat. 36 degrees 30 minutes north iorever. March 2, .1638--New Sweden (Delaware) was founded by settlers who. had white people as slaves. March 2, 1612--Black slavery had been introduced into Virginia, so Jamestown colony abolished white slavery. March 2, 1819--Congress created Arkansas territory. March 2, 1836--Texas declared its independence from Mexico. ONE MINim; PULPIT--He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: And he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much.--St. Luke 16:10. OBSERVING il!f?tl^li?rThyniff7ffiyffli7^a^^ The Facts About Bob Ripley's Iowa Bridge jjjow have wanted for a long jjf time to see that much pub- «**^ licized b r i d g e i.n Des Moines, which, according to Robert Ripley in his. best "Believe It or'Nots" for 1936, "starts nowhere and ends nowhere." I had the opportunity this weeK. The structure, a viaduct, spans High street at Twenty-fourth street in west Des Moines. One end, about second story height, is smack up against the solid brick front wall of the Des Moines street railway's car barn. The other end leads into a clay embankment on the north side o£ the street, 125 feet from the car barn. Mr. Ripley in his explanatory matter attributed this .structural monstrosity to some governmental agency, WPA or PWA. In this he was wrong. The - viaduct was erected approximately 20 years ago by the Des Moines street car company. The plan was to bring cars into the barn from the north. Later the plans were changed. The wall \yas never knocked out and the rails were never laid on the viaduct or to the north outlet. It was clearly a case of a bridge, built at. a cost of about $50,000, being "all dressed up and no place to go." In common fairness, however, it should be made known that the mistalce was by private enterprise rather than by the government. The governmental agencies have plenty of errors of their own to account for; they should not be called to account for the mistakes of others. --o-Interesting Fiffurcs on the Last Election 4ga£w draw on a recent release 'jessS by the National Get-Out- ^^z^ Ihe-Vote club for the information that the popular' vote for all presidential candidates in 1936 was 45,547,789, compared with 39,765,589 in 1932, 38 806,783 in 1928 and 29,022,261 in 1924. This represents almost a complete doubling of vote in'a dozen years. The total vote for president in the various oarties was as follows: Democratic 27,751,846; republican 16,682,719; union 832,383; socialist 187,695; communist 79,990 all others 52,156. According to Simon MiclVelet, president o£ this organization, ballots cast but not counted for one reason or another usually exceed the presidential t o t a l ' i u America by about 1,000,000.votes. "This loss," he writes, "is partly inevitable, though largely due to that complicated fiction and idle ceremony, instituted by that old amendment of 1804 by which presidential electors are assumed to 'choose the president and vice president.' This fiction causes thousands of ballots to be thrown out as 'blank' or 'void.'" In Minnesota, for example a total of 1,164,268 votes were cast but only 1,129,975 were counted in the presidential contest. In New Jer- sey the total shrank from 1.8G4.960 to 1,820,402. Iowa's total · presidential vote last year was 1,142,733, which was more than one hundred thousand above the 1932 total of 1,036,683. In 1928 the Iowa presidential vote totaled 1,009,360, and in 1924 it ran to only 976,960. The percentage gain in Iowa vote in those 12 years was 17. One Man's Idea of a Year's Worst Movies pJtJN would take issue in two or '^!§5^ three instances at least with Henry Sutherland, Hollywood correspondent for United Press, in this list of the "ten worst movies of 1936:" "Second Wife," (RKO-Radio.) "Palm Springs'," (Walter Wanger.) "Under Your Spell," (Twentieth Century-Fox.) "His Brother's Wife," (Metro- Gold wyn-Mayer.) "Yellowstone," (Universal.) "Valiant Is the Word for Carrie," (Paramount.) "Hearts Divided," (W a r n e V Brothers-First National.) "The Melody Lingers On," (United Artists.) "Mary of Scotland," (RKO-Ra- dio.) "Meet Nero Wolfe," (Columbia.)' This isn't a contest--our movie editor has a corner on those. But I thought you'd be interested in matching this U. P. reviewer's judgment against your own if you are a movie fan. --o-Aviation Is Not Yet Ready for This Test leave to doubt the wisdom of that trans-Atlantic mail service about to be inaugurated under governmental appropriation. In my opinion airplanes have not as yet proved themselves sufficiently reliable on extended bops over water and through fog. There's a chance, of course, that the venture will turn out all right. But there's a great deal more likely chance that it will fail. And the public's confidence in aviation, already under heavy discount by reason of the numerous tragedies since'the first of the year, will be further shaken. The dreamers behind this project should, in my view, step aside and let a realist take the controls. --o-Career on Railroad Makes for Lone Life jKgiJX guess railror.ling just nat- 'GlP^ urally makes for long life. I was reminded of this the other day when 1 read an item from Winnipeg, Canada, about a railway veterans' convention and election of officers. The seven men chosen had a total age of 518 years and their railway service in aggregate amounted to 328 years. The senior of the group had seen 80 years of life and 45 years of service; the junior was 71 years old and had railroaded for 54 years. Answers to Questions Hy F R E D E R I C J. 11ASKIN To wlial collcse did the late Elihu Root leave a bequest? F. U. The largest gift made in the will of Mr. Hoot was n bequest o[ 5200,000 to the trustees ot Hamilton college at Clinton, N. Y., for the endowment fund of that institution. Has (he ho.vuoll ever been used in a campaign against billboards? W. A. Said to have been so used, successfully, in Hawaii. Has Canada a national game? E. H. Lacrosse is the national game of Canada. Who .invented .the .automatic coupler for railroads? O. D. Eli H. Janney, clerk in a dry goods store and not a railroad man, patented the first automatic car coupler. What is tcrminalia? L. S. An ancient Roman festival held annually Feb. 23 in honor of Terminus, the god of boundaries. Neighbors on adjoining lands met at the'boundsry stones and there united in offering sacrifices, a f t - er which they feasted, danced and played games. When Is national ice cream week? C. M. Week beginning April 18. Special emphasis will be placed on the value of ice cream in the diet, and on unusual ice cream combinations. How many kinds of goiters? J, VV. ^yo dozen identified, all falling into two classifications: Simple or non-toxic goiter and toxic goiter. Give ancient German names for the 12 months. W. H. January, Hartung; February, Hornung; March, Lcnzing; April, Ostermond; May, Maien; June, Brachet; July, Heuert; August, Ernting; September, Scheiding; October, Gilbhart; November, Neblung: December, Julmond. How many newspaper chains in U. S.? E. G. Sixty. Are all Hie records for the falk'- ing books for the blind made at the library of congress at Washington? H. K. Some are also made at the American Printing House for the Blind at Louisville, Ky., and at the National Institute for the Blind, London, England. What was the earliest institution in existence for the education of cripplefl children? W. H. In 1832, Bavaria established at Munich the first institution in the world for the education of crippled children. Is it true Negroes arc not welcomed in Italy? H. S. Mussolini has ordered contracts ended for all Negroes-- mostly entertainers--who are now in Italy, and their contracts are not to be renewed. No figure on the number o£ Negroes in Italy is available. How often did the "Stinsltjiie Newspaper" s l vc away j^ h ome edition last year? H. F. The St. Petersburg (Florida) Independent gives away this edition on any day when the sun does not shine in St. Petersburg. In 1936 there were only six free editions. Previous to that, there were 54S days without one on which the .sun did not shine at Who owns Hie HIaleah race track at Miami, Fla.? C. N. The controlling interest is jointly owned by Col. E. H. Bradley and Joseph E. Widener. Is Daniel Bonne's name in the Hall of Fame? W. II. The pioneer was elected to the Hall of Fame in IBIS. How much cotton used in making bags in U. S.? W. R. Bags and bagging require approximately 500,000 bales of oot- ton a year. ASTRONOMY "No one sees what is before his feet--we all gaze at the stars." Thus did Cicero chide the Romans when astronomy was waddling about without its telescopes. But it is still true the world around. Everybody ,5s interested in the sun, moon, stars, planets, comets, meteors. A Globe-Gazette service booklet on astronomy answers more than 500 questions asked most frequently by newspaper readers --answers authoritatively from the great stores of scientific and historical data in the government departments. A -18 page illustrated booklet. Order .copy today.. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost and handling. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Fredric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in cnin (carefully wrapped in paper) for the "Astronomy Booldet." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, T. C.)'

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