The Evening Post from New York, New York on April 11, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Saturday, April 11, 1818
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.Vm Iht Albany Daily Aicertittr, April 9 SKETCH Of lb debate blue senate oa Tuesday last 00 . th bdl " to aboiiah impntoomeBt for - debt, - ad to prevent traudi ajainet crditon.H ' - Mr. Vsa Buren raid, that it bad long ben hit opinion thit imprisonment for dtbt wi cruel, "ppradrc, Impolitic and unnecessary that thit pinion was the result of practical observation, and of anted experience and redaction. Such too. had been the opioion ol liberal aud nh'gbt ened bh ia modem time, and in cooeqarnc of the manifest injustice and impolicy of thesystmn, H halt haan an mnr4i mtn,Yi&A anil Mlaud kv preceding legislatures, that it had become the ere skeleton of what it was at to any beneficial ' effects, and vet it retained in man casee au its severity and ormreaaion. lie did not at this "' time intend to enter kilo a full examination this odious relic of antiquity to trace it origin or detail its history or to the w with minuteness its evils and absurdities such an attempt at tm ' staira of the bill, was unnecessary, out as M '' drew the bill, and was also chairman of the eons - niiltee by whom it was reported, it wu P"Pr lor him to explain its nrovutoos ami 10 l the mischief wbicn it was mteoaeu w """f . W - 1 - rt ,1. - . m..AmA in W1mm loO tvral sections of the bill is their emer. 1 . - 1.. .ir - aii wi Hitandtd to snake . a proper discriminafon between persrBs woo are g eilty of no crime but poverty and mstor - ' tune, Baddies who are preeuUd lor acta in HH HIVIIVHl wvto. vwv. ' their eatare fraudulent aod criminal. vy e coast of the i'berahfy of our law, ana we mildness nod equity of our rifd regulations, and yet we tolerate a system which applies the same rule and Inflicts the same penalties upon those who are unable to pay their debts without any imputations of fnud, and those who are convicted of murdering the reputation assailing the person, er destroying the properly of (hair neighbors. - If a man is poor, you imprison him 1 if he is a villain, who has defrauded or slandered you, you oaa do no mora. He was surprised that a rule 10 unjust could hare existed to long. lis wai surprised that a proper lioe of distinction bad cot loaf since been drawn between misfortune and fraud. The Ant section of the bill make that dUlinction. It exempts from imprisonment on execution and from the necessity of giving bail on arrest, all persons who are prosocuted for debt merely. But it excepts from this privilege the officer or ad mate who retains the money of bit cliaut the perron who has Imprisoned or assaulted you the assassia of your reputation the wilful and malicious destroyer of your pro perty and these person ought to be excepted. They are entitled to ao favor, aod worthy of no The second tectum declares that such persons when take no execution shall be coonosd to the walls of thertoL and shall be debarred from the Uberties ef toe gsml yard. By your law at it now stands, a defendant, when taken on an ex - ration, If he can procure bail far the limits, may roam at tar and laugh at his opponent. la many cases, this externum of the liberties is wroojf, and leads to exeat abuses $ but in the cases last mentioned, R is a mockery opon jus. tice. A villain seduces the daughter of hit friend he is prosecuted an indignant and high minded Jutt find an bonorable and exemplar) verdict he converts bit property into money goes upon the limits, and triumphs with impunity in the tocces of hit crimes. This section will remove su h a libel upon oar jurisprudence. It permits imprisonment where it it proper and aeceerary fur the ends of justico and the benelit of society, and in those cases it makes it what it ought to be real, vigorous and effectual. The bill havinr fcccomplished tliote great and import. am tm M to protect creditors. Though th y bare no claim npen their persons, they are entitled to the property of their debtors. Bv our existing law a man. may remove his good out of the tmie and the creditor has no remedy. I ne Din permits uie creditor on f roof of such 10 tantionto remove or to conceal property, to at. ach the effects and to sequester the demands ol the debtor. It may be said that this provision may oe aouseu 1 inai it pots in in nanus or the creditor too much power and authority. The ubeeqnent sections will remove the objections. The debtor whose pruporty is attached, if he can prove to tne satisfaction of the judge that the al legation of the intended removal or concealmen' it unfounded, is rostorod to the possesion of hit - property and the incumbrance h removed. But even if he is unable to disprove thit charge, the bill directs a supersedeas to the attachment on his giving bail for the production cf (lie goods in cae a jndgment shall bo recotercd againrt him. This will remove every objection. It is as easy for a man to procure bail for hit property as for his person. Our pretent laws requite such te curity, and so great Is the force ol cutom that no one objects to it. Mr. Vim Burcn proceeded to shew, from the different sections of the bill, that the attai hmenl could not be abused. There is another Icaturr of the bill which is vastly important and which will remedy a stri king defeat In the common law you can now upon execution only reach the tangible property and the person of the debtor. Hi stocks, his notes, his book debts, are not liable to execution. He com upon the limits hires the best house in towndraw his dividends 1 collects hit bonds, and lets vou at defiance. The bill to remedy this glariig defect, provide an attachment where an execution is ret tune J nulla bona, and enable the creditor to reach those ehosts in action which are now exempt from execution. The last provision of the bill is not less im - sortant nor less imperiously demanded. I - rau dulent conveyances and judgment are fre quently resorted to t and yet there i now law punishing ucli crime a they deserve. Eve ry attempt to put a stop to these practices has ' hitherto proved ineffectual. The bill before the Senate, will suppress them. It renders the parties liable to indictment, and upon con viction expose them to nne and imprisonment. Mr. Van Muren stated tha1 when that section should be reached he intended moving an a mendment which should make such sets (do - sue, punishable by imprisonment ia the sute prison. Mr. Vast Burcn concluded by observing, that in, framing a bill which altered so mteri Uv an old ami wtsbliiiie I system one which custom, habit and prejudice bad conspired to aanetirm and confirm 1 and which aimed at the surmression of evils and abuses which ex perience has shown to be frequent and alarm ing, it oould not bsexpected tiiat defects were entirely avoided. He would willingly unite in any alteration or amendments, which the ex perience or reiiectiun of others tnigm suggest, lie had avoided dikcussing the absurdity and oppression of mpruonmtnl for debt, because he did not believe that any gentleman would e - riouslv defend it If, however, such an attempt should be made, he aliould hold himself pledged to defend the principle of the bi I and to shew Uiat his opinion was supported by reason, humanity and justice. Mr. Van echten suggested an amendment to the first sectmu, so s to except from its provisions nn t anient t who might be sued in this stale, and to require ttiem to give bail and render them liable to iinpi iionme nt ' Mr. Bates was not prer - si - ed to vote upon a vbill of so much itnportanc . He had no doubt it was laudable, but was afraid it was defec - v.. : : .1.1.. I.. 1.; - ii per ciscnm.nat.on, or to rcch cAot$ tnorlum nriseXrl an of of - ,.i ,1.. . . "" ' Ti . " . 1 ,n' ,raln of aa ""Ertnunt, to far as their evi - ithed. Examined the fi. st sec tun and approv I ,i,.K., .. . ,1 , , ed of its provision. Thought iu exceptions 1 peife:t as they now and could not sgrec! tricl barraisroent frdm which our own citisen are. exempted. ' ' . ,,IM Mr, Van Barer. 10 ormj nronosed an amendment to uie ni excepting ne - resteVnis, wbo m.gnt " thfatiute; though he stated l"t b should wished further time. . The bill . . 1 ta nmvisions met was important ami j .A. I M, t . 1. .nnmhation. OWtn. no r - - . t.mA the amendment would not prev.ilT - tb.1 Tw. should not be subjected to th.el.srge f making oae set of laws for our ,, tn ha no discrimination between .1 k... .ha aame liberailiv ana jnuuiKC" I I" - ... ... I ... Winw. which WS extend toourownmnaouanwouRii - lit Ka afloraca 10 uioae 01 ouinr . - 11. in eaaea a this kind. It would be more Jiffieult sor a stramrer to flue bail than for a eitisi n, and in many eases, such a distinction as that proposed by the amendment, would be oppressive. . Mr. Livingston was opposed to the amendment and thought It unnecessary Mr. Tibbits said the Dili wa snout tocnange long established and very ancient ruleof lew, snd wss very important 1 Believed it necessary for the security of the creditor that he should have power to coerce the debtor by im - prisooinir his person 1 Had rarely found that honest man was imprisoned where he wss lung to give up his property : Was m bvor ruins; and reporting;. - Mr. Van Uuren Dad no wiati to press the Dili, but Uie session is drawing to a close, ami there is no bill before the Senate more wo; thy consideration than this is 1 Was willing to rise snd report in order to give gentlemen sn opporsunity of exam ing the biil minutely and reflecting on its previsions, snd hoped his tend from the eastern district (Mr. 1 ibbetts,) ould be able, alter due consideration, to shew that in ene esse out of tvtnty imprisonment had effected any useful object ( and hoped lie would array all his objections to the bill, when he would pledge himself to conv ince him that this bill would be better for creditors than any tystem which has yet been devised. " Mr. TibbitU said that where ene innocent unfortunate man was imprisoned, there were fen creditors defraudedand that wherever there was reason to believe that a men was willing to give up all his property and did not intend to keep any thine; back, he never was imprisoned, but always discharged by his cre ditor. Mr. Bates had collected money by means of the present system, snd belived it the best which could be devised. A man will si'l his last artisle of property turnout his last dollar and uo every tnmg in 1.1s power rauiertnan go to gaol. How can you compel debtors to give up their property but by working upon rears! from his experience issatMfird that the fear of going to gaol is the best method to make debtors honest. If this bill is passed you may as well pass a law to prohibit the collection ofdebts altogether. mi. louns was in lavor of the I11U, and wmiid vote lor it even if oefectirc, and would leave it lor the next lecit'ature to make it more complete, rather than not have it patted. Imprisonment fnr debt is absurd and oppressive, and he was willinc anil desirous to sbolish it eatirehr. 11 was tuia mm lenr is we most enectuHi principle to be exerted, in order to make men honest, and to enfurrc the collection of debts. If this be 1. 1 a , . ir . . t r m, v hy do yon not make it death to be unable to tatitfv tuur creditors f Whv nut dais's law to cive the cieditor power to cut un the person of liis debtor, as wns anciently tlm practice t If lrar it (he principle, the more heavy the pennl - me greater win oe tne enorts 10 nvoiutnem It was said too that an bnortt man was rarely imprisoned, and that creditors, when satitfi 'J thai a mnti did not intend to defraud them, would not cobAne their isont. Nothinc wss more falls - i mus When a man is unable to pay bis debt, a clamor is always raised itgaintt his honesty and lairnrss. He lit at the mercy of his creditor, md there remains till the creditor is satisfied. The creditor is bis jud;;e, and interest and prejudice) isodt r him inexorable. The present sys tem it slimrd snd ridiculous. The creditor wantt nothing nut property fl - sh r blood are f no use to lain. Neither will pay his debt, nei ther will remunerate his los But at your laws now stand, you take the body and leave the pro perly nnniiH ni - ti. ao aomruny so great tnouia be remedied. The laws should bo altered ena ble them to rem h the property to oppose every avuiiue hy which the debtor endeavours to escapeto nunish every Tread he resorts to. The evils of Hie pretei.'tyttAra are inutuernble. One of the ftrcalt - st is IIm extentina of credit ctpeci ally to the lower classes of society. A man trusts his neighbor, because he believes that when he pwner'utci him ome friend will interpose end ne l.iin from the limits, or if he son no the limits ho think he may forfeit his bond sod mske his bail liable, fnts this hill and credit will be cstahlii In d on a firmer basis. Those only will be fruited whose integrity ran be - relied on. Again, The syitem of imprisonment it not only absurd and oppressive, but it is injurious to the morals of society. Whether confined to the four walls of a prison, or tunVred to gn at large over the allot ted litterties, debtor mil hecoinpelled to live in tHIenrs and to associate with bad company. When thev ore relented they come out into the world, with their morals impaired, 'their pride destroyed, ami in every ret;ect ten time worse than al tho timo of their commitment. Such a system he wished to abolith aud he thould there lore vote fnr the bill. After a lew words from Mr. Vim Vechten, as to the propriety of the amendment rtloting to nonresidents, the com mittee rose, and reported; and tiie lull was made tne order nr tr.e ceil any. NKIf' - YUKK rt.VACf PuST. SATURDAY, AFKIi. II. Jdiitaktn practtre of grand jurits practice prvailt with our grand - jurict in this city, which is highly improper, and contrary to the very na lure and design of this valitab s snd ancient in stitution. The practice I allude to it that of ri ting before them the accused iu person, and undertaking to hear what defence he has to make agaimt the charge alleged against him : thus entering into the merits ot tha rase, and usurping the province of the petty jrricj. 1 tan mention several instances wticre this irregular and iin proper practice ha take - i place, eveu in the case of lawyers who have thus lent their count e nance to a custom which they know is grossly improper. The Mlowuig extinct from Black stone's Commentaries clearly defines and limits the duties and powers of the gra'.tw jury. The grand - jury are previously instructed in the articles of their enquiry, by a charge from the judge who presides upon the bench. They then Withdraw, to sit and receive iiHfictmeut, which are prelerred to them in the name ol lb ttftel but at the suit of any prtvv'e prosecutor ana Juy art en - ' v fe near entente on bf half of tlie prn$nnlmr; fur th j hndjij of an indictment 11 .01 . w r k,,. - ,j Kiiuaut. - vt . . 1 U m " ' 'That ury iadk'.aunt. with Ibe geutUwai. front the ttiddle dii ... .nM.Lintaaiiirtii to be liable to an Mmsto Drobabnides : h ooctrin, that i sight U sppttsd to very oppressive purposes." Back fe Ibe true light ia which the 1 w considers grsod - jurie 1 and it is entirely to mistake Ussir powers, to go out of their sphere, du - terfere with the province of the petty Jury, to permit two parties, the accuser aod accused, to come before them, and discuss the merits of tha case. W's hone thai a practice so irregular will entirely cease. ' , COMMUNICATION. Launch On Thursday was launched from the ship - yard ef Afessrs. Lawrence it Boeadingv the elegant cbpper - hottomed steam - boat u The Orphan' Friend.1 She is said to be the best built boat of ber class ia the United States, and intended to navigate between New - York and Elizabcthtowo I'oinL Cittinu be on yew guard. Last night the store of Mesirs. Boormsn s Johnston, 57 South - street, was robbed, as is supposed by the thief secreting himself therein before it wss shut up. It sppears money only was bis' object,' as nothing is missing but about $50. principally in Orange County Bank notes, taken from the desks, all of which were broken open. A suspicious looking young man, dress ed in jacket snd trowsers snd spparently about 19 years old, bsd been seen lurking about the store some evenings previous, who is suspected of being the thief. USURY LAWS Nc. IV. (Coolcuded.) The objections azaintl the usury btws have been urged wilh so much teal, and are so plausible, as to have excited vary considerable feel ing sgaintt them. This reeling the candid reader will suspend for a moment, and recollect, that the moU sagacious often mistake confident asiertions tor ttrou? arguments He will also reflect, that a sober employment of the under standing requires him to divert hit feelings of their sway. It is said, that whatever be the ohjecls ol tne usury law, they aro attained only by treacherous unfaithfulness iu the borrower that they hold out to the borrower the premium of his debt, as au inducement to break a promise de liberately made, abd that a means like this can be sanctioned by no end. It is to be remarked, that, 11 tlm oiijecuon be valid, it applies to the whole of the law which refutes to euforce con tracts made without consideration or against public policy a portion of the law, the wisdom and morality of which have never been questioned, it wil!, however, be willingly agreed to, that no promise should ever be broken 1 and that promises made void by the usury laws are often broken. Yet this objection is fallacious The operation of the usury laws it chiefly preventive they prevent infinitely more contract! than they break. They make the uioror depend entirely upon tho honetty of hit dcalem, when exempted Irom the coercion of law and assailed by th temptations of embarranment they cause the known already - existing depravity of man to make the lender refrain they make the wick edness of the borrower rsitrain tbe avarice of the lender. Not withitanding the assertion, that usurers secure themselves by the enhancement of premium for the risk they run, yet do men are more cautious. They seldom or never lend, unlets they trait either in the principles of I he borrower or in his fear of injuring a good credit by a disclosure of the usury. When it is considered how small the clan thus composed is, and how tmall is tha number of these who need loans which caunot be procured at the legal rate, we may form some idea of the operation of the usury laws. They do (with some exceptions) con fine usury to this number. 1 he usury laws are said to make the usury, which, in spite of them, will exist, more exorbitant in two wnyi : 1st. By making the bargain more secret, thus preventing the usurer's sense of character from restraining his avarice and depriving the borrower of a competition among lenders. 3d. By making the uturer add to the interest a premium against the encreased risk of losing his debt. As to the last, it has bees already observed, and is again insisted on, that the uturer does not knowingly run any risk. Ul all panions, avarice u the most cautious; of all men, the miter is the most timorous. He is not a gambler against a risk created by his own act This then it a more pretence on his part, and I entertain too math respect for those who urge this objection, to think, that Ihey believe that they can eer make avarice destitute of a pretence. As to the tecresy of usurious contract, a repeal ol the statute will ot alter it The usurer will not, at any time, have any motive to disclose hit exorbitancy : the borrower will not, on a repeal of the statute, be made willin; to declare the embarrassment of his circumstan ces, which mado usury necestary, or the bleb rate of interest which be pays, or bis connexion with tbe usurer. The bargatus will, on the re peal of the law, remain exactly as private as at presenter rather will be more so; now, tbe utur er knows that the borrower ha many indue meats to make the secret public, and therefore leets some little rotraiot. It is also tupposod that by repealing the pre sent law, more loan capital would come into the market, from tbe desire of lenders to obtain more than the present rate, and that interest would therefore fall. The repeat will not, in thit respect, affect loans on good security : fur its tendency will be to draw the capital now 10 the market from borrowers of good security to those who must psy more lor the greater risk and if the prospect is, that the rate of loan 00 good security will not fall, it will not bring ca pit1! into that part of tbe market. But the re peal w ill not have the effect, in any considerable decree, of making loans, on doubtful security, mure eay or cheap, for the capital to be had on loan is held cbirfly by persons who hare re tired from busiues. or who are unable to employ it themselves; the former will not, for the small additional percentage, undergo the anxiety of risking their money, when Uie hope of ease and freedom from the anxiety of business was tho inducement for them to retire : and those who cannot do business will not risk a capital winch, ii they lose, they cannot repair. Uut it is said that the usury laws are daily eluded or disregarded If to, and their object be good, let us straiten their restrictions and add weight to their peoalttef Let us not throw down the mounds because the floods are ruin. But the fact is not so lo any great extent Courts ol law enforce the usury laws se that no legal de vice ran clu Je them, if it appear that more than the legal benefit was intended to be taken for a loan. And courts of chsnrerr, arcordinx to their practice for es in various other cases, supply the defect of evidence, by puuiiu th parties on their oath. Tbe sale of negotiable paper may be supposed to form a device lor usu ry : but if the usury be between tbe person It able on the paper and the one who holds it, the statute operate as in other cases : and in cases where the paper is not originally usurious, but is disposed of at an usurious rate, there tbe borrower (or seller of the note) has similar advantage as ia the rase of the sale of roods, for ob taining nearly its actual value. It is confessed that the usury laws do not entirely extirpate usury t but they uo limit both its extent and 1 orbitancy. No laws entirely eradicate the crimes they attempt to prevent : OcfU robbery and murder are often committed, notwithstand - inc tbe penalty to which the criminal is exposv And if umry were not, in a great degree, prevented, by these laws, w hy should it be that taost wb are known to practice H, ar always Wud, m requesting their repeal they oughl rather to dcisre their coolintiapc, to that they may retain the aobaaced profits which they are said to en - UN More oojecttoo only remains w oe noticed 1 which is, the derivation of the usury taws from au unenligbtewd age and relUrtout bigotrv. But it is the actual effect and operation of Uwt on tbe community which ought to be our gaide in deciding on their continuance or repeal t and the original motive for their introduction are solely objects of curious enquiry. Having thus completed the plan proposed, I will add but one other remark. It is well known, that often the most important effects of a law are silent unobserved until its repeal. Now is it not indeed a matter of very serious deliberation, whether laws, of so lone a standinr, to often ad judicated upon and so generally approved in the most commercial countries onelit to oe loucnen with a rash hand.' Is eot the experience of mankind worth something? Is not the long standing of a law, which has always been in operation, on one of the most frequent and Im portant contracts of society or tome weigni id its favor? And when this weight is added to the reasoning in its favor, ought it not to preponderate? Shall it not do 10? OLD SCHOOL. Will Mr. Coleman please notice tbe following mistakes of the pi ess In No. I, second sentence. for decreed read decried - In second sentence of the next paragraph, for that men read thete In the last paragraph, for treat lalitfactton reau great auulanct In No. 2, 3d paragraph, for eflsry cetewif read chief amount in fo a, 4in paragraph, for xuurumt lave read utiuwui loans In the last paragraph but two, for it cannot tell yet tl cannot. u Frem the fictional Jntelligmeer, April 9. Our desire to conclude Mr. Clay's first speech on the South American question, lias induced ut to give place to it to - day, to tbe exclusion of th details of proceedings ot tbs two nouses on yes tarday. Though sufficiently interesting, liiesi proceedings do not embrace any conclusive de ciiion of much importance. Both boutet tat lata. In tbe senate, the bill tor the more rigid prohibition of tbe importation of slave, occupied the principal part of yesterday ; and, in the house ef representative, there was a warm debate, in committee of the whole, on the bill for tbe relief of the Niagara sufferers, &c. wlucb terminated iu reportiug the bill to th house with some a mendmentt, which were not acted ou before ad journment 1 he navigation bill, Irom the senate, has not yet been acted on. We thall commence the publication of the debate iu Senate on that sub ject, with Air. Harbours speech, in our paper of Saturday. From the Savannah ftipublican of April 1 Extraordinary despatch K shipment of goods, bv the brig Levant, rapt. Wood, which left N. York on Monday tho IGth ultimo, was put on board the new steam - boat Carolina, on the tilt, and arrived at Augusta the 27th ultimo, making only eleven days from th former to the latter city. The cargo of the ship Niagara, cleared at the custom house this day. amounted to one hun dred snd seventeen thousand nine hundred and twenty - one dollars and sixty cents contents e qual to 1170 bales cotton. The ports of Marie Galante, are shut to fo reign vessels. KXQLYEER DEPA R TMFJfT. Head - Quarters, ) Washington, April 4, 1813. 1 ORDERS, The head - quarter or the Corpt of Ennneert is, by command of the president of the XJnited States, established at the city ot Washington. All communication pertaining to the bDgiseer Department will, in future, be made and di rected to tbe Chief Eniineer, at this place. J. G. SWIFT, Brig Gen. Chief Engineer. FROM OUR COMi ESPOMDEJfT. City Gazette Office, Charleston, ) April 3 Noon. Lord Cochrane. Contrary to what has been frequently reported, and by many believed, that this nobleman had tailed to join the Independents in South America, it will be teen by an article from the London Courier, of the 3d of Feb. that he was in I.ondon at that date. Letters from Liverpool of the 13th February, assert positively, that the port of Great Britain would be open for the importation of flour and grain in all that month. London, ret. 3. Yesterday the metropolis and country were disgraced by another of those meetings where men of desperate principles assemble to disgorge foul snd desperate doctrines. Sir Francis Burdelt was in the chair, supported by a mob of tritd patriots, namely, Lord Cochrane, Wooler, and Gale Jones, and an assort ment of public characters from most of tbe goals iu Fjigland. The object of the meeting was to raise a subscription for the innocent and perse cuted gentlemen, who were actively engaged, about a twelvemonth ago, in preparing a better order 01 things for this unhappy nation. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT. Office of the Federal Republican Tele - ) Krnph, Baltimore, April 10, noon. Arrived, below, ship Franklin, Graham, from Liverpool, 48 days to the cat, called 15th February, left no Baltimore vessels. The ship nnn, vrocser, irom r 10m, ninved inn. ine linrnsti - r, West, and Factor. Hamilton., for iliiladelphisi, tailed 14th. The Scijiio, brum - mnnd, for Norfolk, was to tail in a fe'V days. Tlie brig Chatswnrth, Cam, for Baltimore, ailed tlie bth. Feb. 19th in the Channel, spoke ship William, from Wilmington for Liverpool. Paweogers in the Frnnklia, Mr. and Mrs. Lapt - ley and 40 in tlie tteeruge. The public are cautioned to be on their guard sgsinst two imsosters, a pretended gentleman and lady, who have lately been traced travelling through the States of New - Jersey snd Connecticut (ami who will probably pats in many other direction!,) assuminethe most respectable nsmes and connections, snd beg ging tor isMsunce. Latterly a child has been noticed as belonging to the pretended Isdy. Met. Adv. D1KL), Yesterday morning. Mr. James Douglass, an old ind respectable inhabitant of this city. Tbe friends and acquaintances of the family are requested to attend tlie funeral, this afternoon at 5 o'clock, from his late residence 419 Greenwich - street ErEjruro pout marine list. CLEARED, Ship Ocean, Barrouths. Bristol . Borrillft W. Caboot. Brij Com. Decatur, Hathaway, New Bedford L'F rancais, Ren aid, Gaudaloupe Mary - Ann, W iluamt, St. Johns, Ml S. fe J. Ililyer. Hope, Arnold, Liverpool umwoidi s tjoalet Harard, Littlefield Boston Sctar. Only Daughter, Ellis, Richmond 8 Coddioston fi Co. Duke of Wellington, Corev, St. John, NB P. I. Nevios. Fox, Snow. B ottos Archer, Butler, Havauna Ralph Builcley, Alert, Ingenoll, St Thomas Karthau, Reinicke Si Co, Faragon, 1 hayer, Baltimore Maria, Vage, Edeoton, N. C. Sloop Two Brothers, Robinson, Falmouth, Mas. Thomas & Eliza, Maro, Fredericksburg Fidelia, Biplcr, Hartfsrd Li11y,Buck, - , ..' I' Ten Sisters. Uven, notion Gerrge Wiuhington, Atwooi . Bo, too Linnet, Jones Darien Venus, Havens New London Fliia, Lewi Brandywiue NEW' - ORLEANS. March fl Arrived, hip Islington, Shackfbrd, of Portsmouth, N. U. from Liverpool. " Miip Emanib 1, Post, fiom Ambterdam, witn 500 passengers. Ship Frederick, Uavis, ot ronsmouw, rt 11 from AuxCayes. . Ship Isrmer, Salter, 01 rorumouxn, . n. from Havana. Danish ship Charlotte Mar)', Retting, from Altona. . French brig Hippolite, Gantier, fcora Nants Brig Johana, Bleeker. from Amsterdam, with 250 passengers. - Galliot Johanna Maria, Brown, from jvmster - dan, with 147 passengers. Brig Alert, Frost, of Portsmouth, fiom Ha vana. Brig Patriot, Brown, from Havre. Brig Johanna, Jaborj;, f - om Hremen. r'ch Hero, Gibbt, from W arelam. Cleared, ship Missouri, lU.t, Baltimore; barque Maiy, Furlong, Boston; br g Caroline, . I f l .1 ... a. 1 . - icci, urccnoca. ; tuo, Wynne, naiuiuorc. March 10. Arrived, briir Le Pere, de Famcll Gruzette, irom Bordeaux. At the Turn, the fast sail ine ship Caroline Sell, from Charleston, via Turks Island also, sen Industry, Bray, from Boston. March 12. Entered, tchr Endeavor, Dow, Kingston, Ja. Scbr Flying Fish, Baron, Campeachy. Pas sengers, 6 sailors, part of the crew of the Tip - poo S.lD. bebooner Celeste, Bordreau, Patcagoula, with part el the cargo of the brig Hibernia. bebr t lower of May, Gates, do. with do. Scbr Lou it a, Ferret, do. with do. A'chr Lalie, Bordreau, do. with do. Cleared, brigSukey, Buotine, Boston. At the Turn Monday evening, brie Hone, morris, air or. Brig Hope, Andrews, Campeachy. Mr.rch 13, Arrived, brie Tt .mbler. Crafts, from Mar seilles and Gibraltar. Cleared, ship Vigilant, Fotdir.V 1 brig Washington, Coffin, Philadelphia 1 Harriet, Smith, N York j Two Brothers, Holmes, Bel fast. March 14. Arrived, sch Industry, Pray, from Boston. BALIZK, March 10. An American schr is aground inside of the breakers on the west side of South Point ; belongs to Boston, has s toretopsaii snd two red streaks round the hull Captain Pollock sent a pilot boat to board ber which was upset in the breakers and lost - crew saved. The pilots say she can be got off as soon ss tne wind shifts to the northward, by discharging lier careo. The cargo of tbe Tippoo Saib is seized st Campeachy on the suspicion of intention to smuggle. SAVANNAH, April L - Bchr William, White. New Orleans, 15 days and It from tbe Balise. Markets, cotton 34 cents, sugar 1 1, flour 10, pork lb a 20. Business was beginning to be brisk. Spoke off cape Romain ship Vigilant, Fosdick, 6 days from New Orleans bound to Gibraltar. Cleared, shins Traian. Neill. Hamburg - : Ni agara, Lombard, Greenock; brigs Sally - Ann, Chase, Rotterdam ; Union, Arnold, Providence, (JsuRLUTOFT, April 3. Arrived ship Poca hontas, Howland, Liverpool 47 days. On the lm uu. on uapeuiear, spoke ship Clarissa - Ann, 32 days from Liverpool, bound to Mew - York. On 23d, lat 23, long 58. spoke ship Buly, from the Brazil Banks, with 1300 bbls. oil, bound to Nantucket. Ship Telegraph, Fanning. NYork 6 davs. Sch Independence, Anus, Providence, R. L 0 days. Sch. Mary, Lathrop, Richmond, and 6 days from the Capes. On 3 Ut, off Cspe Look Out, spoxe brig Speetly - F eace, 6 days from NYork, bound lo Savannah. Sch Delight, Lark, N. Orleans 15 days and 18 from tlie Balize. Sch Nancy. Lamnhier. Savannah 3 davs. The Nmicy was bound to NYork, but put into this port, on account of head winds. Sloop Lottery, Palmer, Burmuda 9 davs. The sloop Annetta, Gillett, 20 days from N. vorK, arrived at Bermuda the days the Lottery sailed. The sch Zephyr, (of Boston) Hibbcrt, from Ocracock, N. C. with a caigo of corn, bound to Oporto, in crossing that bar, struck, which occasioned her to leak, and was not discovered until she had been out several days sne wasonuged to put into St (jeorge's to repair but finding she had received very little injury, proceeded on her passage. Markets - Rice, 7 50; Flour none at market Sloop Ann - Maria, Stedman, Branford, (Con.) 10 days, snd 7 from Sandy Hook. Went to sea yesterday, sch Maria, Latham, for N York. Bsbmvd, March 7. Arrived at St George's on Monday, the American ship Cleopatra, Beart, 11 days from Charleston, bound to Amsterdam, with cotton and staves; put into port leaay. American brig Mary, James, 10 days from Wilmington, bound to Martinique, with lumber ; put into port leaky. Sailed, on Tuesday norning, from Saint beorge's, the Packet with the mail for New - York, on her homeward route. The sch. Mechanic, we understand, sailed from New - London or a port adjacent, the latter end. of Jtnusry, for tliee Islands ; but she lias not as yet arrived. Bostov, April 8, (wind IS. E. with rain and snow. Arrived, sch Resolution, Sylvester. 31 davs from Gibraltar, cargo 1500 boxes and 352 casks raisins, and 121 z croons almonds. Sailed March 7, in co with brig Copernican, sr. a sen. supposed to oe tne laser from Gib raltar, went into Marblehead this afternoon. THEATRE. Saturday evenine, April II, will be presented, THE ROBBERS. Charles de Moor, Mr. Robertson r rancis de floor, f ntchard Amelia, Mrs. Darley. To v - iicn will be added, MOTHER O0OSE, OR THE O0LDBW EGG. Mother Uoose, Mr. Barnes Harleaain. Parker Columbine, Mrs. Parker ferformaoce to commence at seven o'clock. To - morrow morning, in St. George's Church, (tlie weather proving unfavorable on Sunday last) a Sermon will be preached and a collection made for the benefit of the New. York Bible and Common Prayer Book Society. The immediate object or these collections is to aid in defraying the expense lately incurred by that Society, by the purchase of stereotype dates of the book of common Draver of tbe 8 vo. size snd lance type. The prater book of this size and description will be thereby furnished to members Df the Society and the Auxiliary and other Societies, atone half the usual price. The benefit of this will be particularly experienced by thoe to whom the small book usually distributed, is rendered useless by failure of ght from age or other causes It is hoped tbe importance of tbe obi ect will recommend it to the liberal furtherance of the members of the above mentioned eongregjtion ap 11 It '"Ua - Orphan Assyium Socieun ' hold their annnal martin - u W H. - j wu at U o'clock, at th City Hotel, when th! port of the last year will be read, and m phans, now under the care of tha society nr sented to their patrons. The annual saW tions become due at this time It it hoped anlL scribers will recollect the inconvenience and " Fcu" fuiyiujius a collector, and with than, usual promptness, assemble, oa this occatioeT WU persons interested in this institution anduV public generally, are reipeclfullv tohcited to ai tend. " By order of the board, I. W. OGDEN, Sec'ry Should the weather be unfavorable, th. J'. ing will be postponed until the first fine dar apll ' A CARD. Kr Mr. WHALE respectfully makes k. to Uie ladies and gentlemen of New - York, ihi in consequence of Mrs. French taking ber col! ceil on Tuesday evening, tbe 14th inst. Mr Wtl public will take place Monday evening, the 13th cry Copartnership. The ubscnhi i..T". entered imo Copartnership in the grocery bo. tineas, under tlie firm of A. Si 3. Smith at w 168 Front - street. ' - ABRAHAM SMITH apll lw STEPHEN SMITH. ' lUKKAWAY TURNPIKE 07" Notice is hereby given to the EtockHol ders, in the Kockaway 'i urnpike company th,, an election for the choice of Directors m.u H held nt bnuth Ilickt's Tavern. Jamab - . a.. urday the 2d de - y ol May, at 12 o'clock B der of the Pretidtnt, w ap it lw JUHH A, KING, B - i - LIFE ISWHAJVcTTZcT 1 - - " - r ' rrpThe UNION INSURANCE COMPAisv incorporated by the Legislature of the Stale of JYew - Forfc, with a charter of unlimited duratioZ for makii r LIFE INSURANCES and mJ. ANNUITIES, will commence business on uj first day of JUzy next, at no. 66 Wall - itreet. The more prominent object embraced by Out company, (l though they are prepared to enter on favorable terms iute all contracts ia say shape connected with the views of their inttita' tion,) are as follows : To tlie laboring class of Uie community, ta Mf eitantts, to Clerks tn public and pritattojjictt, It Clergymen, to Professortin Colleges, to .tfihfan men, and all other possessed of fixtd incomes, which will terminate with their own lives, they oner a secure mean of providing fc their btai - liet, by letting apart a small portion ef their annual savings to that parrot. To capitalists, they offer the taf iarettaMat and certain improvement of their turplus income to the benefit of their descendants. To married men, they offer a provision to their widows, by an appropriation to that purpose of tmall annual turns, during the continuance of the marriage, and on the same principle they oBar to the assignees of bankrupt estates, and the purchasers of property, subject to tlie right of Wr, a mode of extinguishing that claim, by giving an equivalent for the suriender of the rights of th wife. To parents, they present a mode cf endowing their infant children, affording to them, if they reach a certain age, a much larger sum compared with the original premium, thaa caa be acquired by any mode of accumulation at interest. To single persons, who may hare do heirs, they offer th means of greatly increasing their annual income through the purchase of Id annuities. To young people, of active employment, whose exertions and earnings must diminish with then - increasing years, thoy ctftr a support for the decline of life, by payments of comparatively smsA amount, while their season of industry shall caa. tinne. . . The Company has provided Tables calculated upon true principles from the most correct data, which at the same time combine the safety of the office, and the interest of tbe customer Of the results of these Tables some specimen are subjoined, from which tha advantage! to the holders of Contracts with them may bt estimated. A healthy person, of the age of twenty - seven years, by au annnal payment of Two 87 - 100 dollars during his life, may secure to his heirs th sum of One Hundred Dollurs, or a larger amount by a proportionate premium. A Husband, aged thirty, whose wife's age is twenty - five, may, by the annual payment of 7'eo30 - l00 Dollars, while both live, secure to hit widow the sum of One Hundred Dollars, which the company will exchange for an equivalent annuity, if required. At the age of fifty aa annuity for the rental, der of the life may be bought for about ten and a quarter year's purchase, or at (he rate of now and 3 - 4 per cent on the sum invested. A father may, by the payment of ene nts - dred dollars at the birth of a child, secure te that child, when it shall reach th age of twenty - oa years, the turn of star hundred and forty - one isl - lars. From the age of twenty - one, an annual payment of rrm 18 - 100 Dollars till the age of fifty, will secure to the party an annuity of One Hundred Dollars lor the residue of his or ber life. a person holding a Polity cf Life Inturane for any period beyond one year should feel desirous to relinquish it, the company will be ready at all times to treat for a re - purchase. A n adequate portion of the Capital of this Cesv pany is set apart by eharter, and mag be increased, if occasion require, for the purpose ef Life Insurance and Annuities, and secured upon reel Estate within the state ef Artr - lork, cf the veJut of at least fifty per cent above the amount loaned. The Capital thus set apart and secured, together with the accumulation of premium, can be made liable for no other losses ef the Institution than those arising from its Life Policies and annuities, thus offording lo the Customer the most substantial security. Written applications for insurance and annuities, stating the name, age anJ place of birth and residence of the party will be received and answers given preparatory to opening policies oa the day above named. SAMUEL A. LAWRENCE, President. JAMES REN WICK, Actuary, ap 11 D&Clm For CHARLESTON, Th ahin lilIIP.J7.n Savao. VlU - - r o - - have immediate clianatr.h. havins tBC principal part of her earn entratred and going on board. For freight of the remainder or passage, having good accommodations, spp'T on board, at Governeur's wharf, pier no 13, or to CLARK, MOORE & CO. - ap 11 4t 41 South - street. L. bt C. SUYDAM . . "FFER for sale the following goods, srlitch J have been received by Ibe latest arnvwsi 6 cases steam and power loom cotton shirtings 5 do cambric muslins, part undressed 1 do super furniture and balloon dimities 3 do cotmterpanes, part very large and fin 3 boxes 5 - 4 Irish slieetings 1 do 3 - 4 bird eye diapers 2 do 7 - 8 black linens 1 htle linen bed tic a Also, opened for jiiece and retail sales, a - tortment ol the above article. ALSO, lrih linens, lawns, table diapers I mask cloths and napkios Fine caintric dimities Elegant 5 4 cravat muslins Large Marseilles quilts Crib and cradle ditto aod counterpanes Large merino and nankin crape shawls, of va - tiou color Men't aud women's silk and cotton hosiery Canton and real Nankin crapes (ofyards - With a general ortment of goods, " u most favorable terms, at No. 61 Maiden - hw a? 11 Ct

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