The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 27, 1937 · Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 27, 1937
Page 4
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f .-..f.^.'?.. l ,^ J _ -ill f J ' MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. CEE NEWSPAPER ' IS£ii«d Every Week Day by -llie ' MASON CITY GLOBE-QAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Slale Street ' . Telephone No. 3800 Entered OS second-class matter April 17, 1330. at the post. otfice at Mason City, Iowa, under the .act of March" 3^1879. MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled lo the USE for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper., and all local news.' . . Full leased wire service by United Press. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Molrm news and business olficcs at 403 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Mason City und Clear Lake by the year S7.00 . oy tha week .........$ .IS OUTSIDE MASON CITX AND CLEAR LAKE AND WITHIN 100 MILES OF MASON' C1TV Per year by carrier ....S7.0Q By mall G months .. Per weefc by carrier ....S .15 By mail 3 month: . Per j-ear by mall $4.00 By mail 1 month ....,..$ ,50 OUTSIDE lD B11LE ZONE IN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per Year .-.tS.OO Six months ..S3.25 Three months ..JI.7S IN ALT. STATES OTHER THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA : Per yr...J8.00 6 months..$4.50 S months..$2.50 1 month..51.00 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 27 ·§ 1937 -I 1, .-* Substitutes for Corn TT APPEARS to us there is an unprecedented op- ·*· portunity for North'Iowa, .'with'.ideal'soil're- sources and climate, to develop agricultural products that will serve the double purpose of being made substitutes for crops of which there has been a surplus and of lending themselves to material industrial expansion for the absorption of large quantities of labor. "While expansion of the beet sugar industry has received no encouragement from the department of agriculture, it is becoming evident that more and more people are wondering why it should be necessary for the United States to import 75 per cent of her sugar while worrying what's to be done with idle acres, adaptable for this crop and the millions of unemployed. Lately the allention of the Greater Iowa Commission, seeking new industries for the state, has turned to more sugar beets in North Iowa as a practical solution of the state farm crops problem. E. C. Moore, manager 'of the American Crystal Sugar company^ has long harbored the dream that North Iowa and southern Minnesota could be the "sugar.bowl" of the United States. But the dream isn't materializing very fast. The plant of the American Crystal Sugar company at Belmond is still idle with no' indications that it will be opened the coming season. / ' At the present time the United States grows only 25 ifcr cent of the 7,'500,000 ton's.of sugar consumed, the beet industry supplying 1,250,000 tons and cane 450,000 tons. Expansion of the beet sugar industry to take care of the domestic consumption, it is estimated, would take 3,000,000 .acres of land out of other production, would require : the - construction of 300 more factories of the size of the local plant and furnish work for at least a million more persons. For its present small fraction of the sugar consumed, the beet sugar industry has 100,000 farmers growing the crops. Expansion of the crop could easily raise this number to a half million. Besides, beets fit readily into the rotation of Crop insurance in combination with an adequate granary reserve would be one of the most forward-looking steps taken in agriculture since the dawn of civilization. p The Literary Digest gravely announces that there are 16,000,000 flat feet in United States. How many of these were discovered in last fall's nationwide poll is not stated. ...Here's wagering that those justices found it a - d l ££ A cult to whitl le a complimentary inference out of the president's judiciary reform proposal. England's new king is still listed in London telephone directories as the Duke of York. Wrong name rather than wrong number. Simile: Fuzzy as the distinction between getting fired and being: asked to resign. : It was to be.expected that Sonja Henie would cut plenty of ice in .the movies. - Few things are more uncommon these days than good old common sense. And some of these days we'll be having a Digest of the Digest magazines. - . Why all the' 1 hurry about this supreme court business? · i DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . . . by Scott PROS and CONS crops. Tests have shown they are an effective soil builder, usually followed by bumper grain yields. Another crop that suits the North Iowa climate and soil and for which there is a rapidly growing industrial demand is the soy bean. The oil .from the bean goes into scores of commercial uses from p f paints 'to 'salad"'dressings; The .increasing demand ' · ; for this product makes~ah outlet certain. Up until the last few years, when substantial production got under way in the United States, large quantities - of the bean were shipped in from the Orient. For some time there has been discussion of plans for starting a soy bean factory in Mason City. In 7 terrupted by the late economic disturbance, these Plans are again getting consideration. The outlet in this crop for idle acres and idle employment is . FORD--RUGGED INDIVIDUALIST Kewanee, 111., Star-Courier: Vacationing in Georgia throughout the Detroit labor disturbance has been Henry Ford, today perhaps the strangest figure in automobile economics. Cornered by newspaper correspondents at Ways, Ga., Ford counseled all workers to "stay out o£ labor organizations." In the face of the C. I. O. strike in the General Molors plant, this from Pord was unprecedented. Henry Ford, however,* is not the man to temporize with trouble. His opinions have been straightforward, even though strained at times. "International financiers are behind the labor unions because they want to' control industry and kill competition," he said, "They are the cause of all these strikes." .Those in the Detroit area know that there is nothing unique-about the immunity of the Ford plants to labor disturbance. Ford has been a pioneer for high workmen's wages and shorter hours. His handling of his plants, however, leaves, no doubt as to his determination to run his own business without labor organizations. . , When the Lewis unions began undermining the labor structure o£ General Motors, Ford undertook no counter resistance. Instead, Ford shrewdly posted signs throughout his plants reading: "WE _CAN CLOSE DOWN TWO YEARS. CAN There has been no strike in the Ford shops even though the Lewis organizers triumphantly declared that, '.'We're out to get Chrysler and Ford next." Henry Ford is not the one to be licked by labor unionism this late in life. WIHTE.RS M.AHV FROM BUT C^DMPE.-rEH'T OBSERVER : PURJKKt -Trt£\V INTER. ANE AND -THE VE.MDOR.S MAM.Y A u/vCK-FAM IS -TABOO BECAUSE, rf 1$ 'rtrQUQltr To MORAX- -- A R£J WHICH -DEHorES JoY f BECA.UE- MAV MEET A IN MOU ANO 1T Sft OW COPVRiCHT. 1937. CENTAL PRESS ASSOCIATION THE VIEW OF AN OLD LIBERAL Tivo Rivers, Wi., Reporter: Senator Wheeler said it all when he said, over the radio: "Better to have -- -- . . -. . DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDEN1NG, M. D. apparent. From the Iowa standpoint, another industry that could well expand in this area is cheese making. .Most of our cheese is shipped in from other sections of the 'country.-: The manufacturing of more cheese would mean more cows, another good substitute for corn. Generally speaking a territory which can produce good butter could produce good cheese. And surely North Iowa produces good butter.' .' · . · . · . Thus we see Mason City and North Iowa have almost unlimited potentialities for expansion. We have only touched on a few of the-possibilities. It becomes more and more" evident that North Iowa and southern Minnesota is a favored spot in the country and it remains only.for us to grasp the opportunity that lies before u s . *- ' . ' · ' ' No Defense TN RECENT years, in many of the so-called civil- ·*· ized countries, there has been an epidemic of "gas defense" preparation: In anticipation of the next war, and 1 .its expected^ raids, by aerial gas throwers, France and Italy, .Germany and England --not to mention Japan and Russia--have given public demonstrations of-the use of gas masks, and attempted to familiarize the public with tactics of safety. Citizens have been urged to construct gas- proof rooms, and such items as- gas-proof baby buggies have been put on the market. It has become rather fashionable abroad to devote time to such activities--a sort ol patriotic preparedness campaign. All of which is rudely treated by a group of British scientists, who point out that as actual defense against gas attack all this is nonsense. The gas-proof rooms would suffocate their inmates if they were really gas-proof; gas masks leak; gas-proof baby buggies would slay the infants if the gas didn't. Gas, in short, is a deadly weapon against civil populations, and there is not much to do about it. : The.strange part of it. is the general assumption that gas will be used against civil populations in tne next war. Everybody seems -to have forgotten that the nations have entered inlp solemn compact not to use poison gas as a weapon. Or else of couise, everybody assumes that the treaty is'not worth the paper it is written on, and that every nation will dishonor its word. Maybe so--solemn promises are not worth much in war, .when it is easy to claim the other fellow broke his' word first and one's own violation is therefore just "reprisal." Probably the assumption that gas will be used is, however horrid, reasonable enough. Italy although denying if throughout, used gas as a major weapon in Ethiopia. Gas has been used in Spain Every nation, including ours, has a chemical warfare section and provisions for malcing poison gas in quantity--only for "reprisal" purposes, o£ course! It becomes every day more clear that, unless this wretched world is to commit mass suicide in the next war, Jeaving the planet to the savages who »re so uncivilized they do not engage in self-extermination, a way actually to prevent war, and to conciliate international disputes, has got to be found Every one, of course, admits that--the trouble is that every country expects all the others to make the sacrifices involved. no supreme court at all than to have a su- Jreme court subservient to any one man." The au- hor of this is not an economic royalist. He is not a reactionary. He was the presidential running mate of Old Bob La Fo He tie, a liberal who can read us title clear in the smoke of a hundred old bat- les against selfish 'interests. He was the Montana enatonal colleague of our own Sen. -Tom Walsh. He has been a convinced new dealer. "CHEAP SENSATIONALISM" Lake Mills Graphis: "World war propaganda exposed, in our opinion, "is merely an instance of a newspaper attempting to give its readers something sensational in the name o£ public service. It would, have been far better to let these atrocious war stories remain a closed book. While there is a measure of vindication in it for a person of German extraction, it is doubtful if even they enjoy tearing off the scab of an old wound in an effort to provide the public with something sensational. . , · . , . GETTING MCNUTT AWAY? _ Lincoln, Nebr., Star: The president may be doing a little spiking on his own hook. He sends Governor McNutt, now mentioned as a potential!presidential candidate for the presidency, to the Philippines, and the Philippines are a' long way from home. - . AN INCREASING MENACE ; Elkader Register: Truck traffic is a constantly increasing menace to safety. The huge trailer vans now so common are a constant threat to safety on the highway, and many smaller trucks have 'bodies that are too wide for our 18-foot pavement. A NEAT. DISTINCTION" · Luverne News: We. read a definition the other day of the difference between perserance and obstinacy. It is probably old, but we thought it was mighty good. The difference--one has a strong win and the other a strong won't. DRUNKARDS AMONG CHILDREN Shenandoah Sentinel: D r u n k e n children of teen age are a common sight even in our small towns. Drunken drivers are causing death on our highways in increasing number. The people will find a way to stop this. . · ' MEDICAL MYTHS EXPLODED T)ATIENTS frequently say to doctors, "Look at - ,, my ton S ue and tell me what I ought to do about In the old days, the first thing the doctor did was to look at your tongue, usually before lie even felt your pulse, but little importance is attached to this examination by the modern physician. "A coated tongue" does not mean anything at all. Some people have an excessive accumulation of debris in between the small papillae of the tongue, but this has no bad significance. A coated tongue certainly does not indicate a need for a cathartic. The only two things that the modern physician learns from an objective study of the tongue are (1) as to .whether if is moist or dry, indicating or not a | state of dehydration ,of the body, ~ and. (2) .atrophy of 'the tongue, which occurs in pernicious anemia. I saw an old Chinese 'book of medicine the other day which was n _. , . entirely devoted to diagnosis by ifr. Wendanmi means of the-tongue, with crude colored diagrams of different tongues. It is probable that in China, where food deficiency is common,'a study of,the tongue is o£ more importance than in the west. And probably in earlier days, when food deficiency was common in this country, a study of the tongue was of more importance than it is today. The habit of looking at the tongue at every examination persisted until the last generation, but modern physicians have practically given it up. Another myth in circulation is the silver-platc- m-the-skull defect. Every layman apparently believes that Uie use of a silver plate to replace a defect from skull fracture or trephining operation is a regular procedure. Personally, I never saw anybody with a silver plate in the skull. I never saw an operation in which this was done. I never heard of anybody making a silver plate to put into the skull. Thinking that this might be'ignorance on my part, I have just consulted -three prominent neurological surgeons who do trephine operations regularly, and none of them had ever put-a silver plate into a skull or ever heard of anybody who had put a silver plate into a skull. One of .them said that every layman believes that it is a regular operation. Where this belief got started is more than I know. EARLIER DAYS IN MASON CITY ^«r Thirty Years Ago-Mrs. Archie Bell returned yesterday to De Moines to resume her work as clerk of a hous committee there, M. J. Ramsey has returned from a brief visit a McGregor. Mr. and Mrs. David Cook of Volga City an their son, W. H. Cook of AJgona, are 'in the cit visiting relatives today. Julius Sundell of Albert Lea, Minn., is in th cily today for a visit with relatives. Claude Davy left .today for Forest City wher he will represent the Mason City schools in the de clamatory contest. W. E. Sundell is transacting business at Pon tiac, 111. Herman Letts is'visiting in Portland today. Minnie Baumgardner has returned to her horn in Garner for a brief visit. · : · · . · · Mrs. E. H. Rich of Swale dale was in the city vis iting yesterday.' Fred Johnson has returned from a few week visit at California. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Duffy of Tyndall, S. Dak are visiting relatives in the city. P. W. Sullivan of Ortonville, Minn., is visitins in the city today. Twenty Years Affo-WASHINGTON--President "Wilson appeared before congress at 1 o'clock today and asked for au fhority to place , the United States in a slate c "armed neutrality" to resist the German submarine menace. Continued invasion of the plain rights of r.eylrals on high seas, further sacrifices o American lives and ships and inlolerablc bluckadi of American commerce have taken the place of Hi dreaded "overt ac(," which was expected to shod the world and have forced the president in the nex step toward war. Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Van Fliet are visiting in southern California for six weeks or two months. Northwood high school's cagers defeated the local quintet 29 to 20 last night. W. E. Umbenhaur left today for Boston, Mass. for a two weeks visit with relatives and friends. F. J. Showalter is visiting for a fe'w days a 1 Vagrant Thoughts By LOU MALLORV LUKE ON YOUR TOES, CHAMBERS! ' Marshalltown Times-Republican: They say Ed and Walhe are to visit the United States Let's see winch chamber of commerce of which city beats the gate in inviting the newlyweds to attend the Baked Potato day. ' NEW WORLDS TO CONQUER Clear Lake Mirror: Labor Dictator John L. Lewis, now that he and his high salaried officials have won a partial victory in the settlement of the au.'*, announces that his next goal is the steel REPREHENSIBLE RACKET Waterloo Courier: A year or two ago there was evidence indicating that some persons were making a practice of stealing dogs and holding them until a reward was offered. It is^a reprehensible racket. SUCCESSOR TO MURPHY Cedar Rapids Gazette; It begins to look as though iowa might have a senator who can fill the late Louis Murphy's shoes. And we don't mean Herring. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG HE'S TIRED OP SHOVELING MASON CITY-- I noticed an item In the Globe- Uazette recently staling the roads were all opened in Cerro Gordo county except Central Heights and West Haven. i w x ^ tie ' c woul . d have bee » well said h a d they left out Central Heights, I having been a resident here the past three years, have shoveled my way out innumerable times. . · There has never been a plow through here to my knowledge and yet they accept my taxes so smilingly and pleasant. Now I Ihink it is time for · some action. I am asking you authorities to please co-oper- \\Tlfh T i e m-i,-] An , . n n , _ t - : __ "f*.. ate with us and do something. Central Heights, HERMAN FRENZ. I conirxullftte poor younj: men upon Titlnj- horn In Ihat ancient and hnnorabl* flr*ree which renders It necessary th»t Ihty should devole themjelve* to bard work.--Andrew Carnegie. - - ·TT WAS TENNYSON who sang: "Never morning *· wore to evening but some heart did break," . . , I read some place that a great man was one who inspired others to think for themselves, who tells you things you already know but which you did not know until he told you, who shocks you, irritates you, affronts you, so you are jostled out of your wonted ways, and lifts you out of mire of the commonplace... . , Along with liking Iowa cornfields (no matter what stage they are in) better than orange and grapefruit groves, going to speak right up in meeting and say that our Iowa newspapers have the southern publications backed clear off the map.- And I read a lot of 'em, too. . . . Can't forget the pansy bed in a Houston yard. Twenty-five thousand plants in it, and all in bloom. Belonged to some big shot . . . Mrs. John C. Watkins, who lives near Geneva, Iowa, reports that a coon comes lo her door every night for food. Mrs. W. thinks this visitor is a'harbinger of spring Lthink he's hungry. . . . Don Farran, in the throes of nostalgia, made a flying trip back to the little P tf aln ? towns o£ Hampton and Rowan. And did they look good to him after an absence of nine months? They did.' Don could spin yarns about bouth America until the crack of doom I guess and have some left over. And I wish you could see the beautiful wrist watch girdling that mighty Scotch wrist of his--a present to him from Countess do Bothello of Rio de Janiero. . . . Wonder if anyone ever puts a lamp in a window anymore? I knew someone once who kept a lamp burning in her window for many years for her boy who was out there in the blackness o£ the night A lamp in a window is a token of love. It means that somebody is thinking of the one who is absent. It is a beacon to the wanderer. Electricity serves us now but will never have the sweet significance o£ the lamp in a Elma. Edgar Stevens of Hanley Falls, Minn., is visiting in the city for a few days with friends. _ Mrs. Mary Brett has returned from a few days visit with relatives and friends at Waterloo, Ten Tears Ago-Art Nolan of Chicago visited in the city on business yesterday. SHANGHAI--Shanghai was an international armed camp today, with troops of Great Britain France and Italy ready for action should the narrowing, lines of Chinese fractional warfare be drawn too close to Shanghai's international settlement. Mr. and Mrs, George Gale returned last nieht from a visit in Minneapolis. Ezra Calhoun left today for his home in Colfax following a visit in the city. The Hi-Y and S. J. S. play, "Adam and Eva, was presented at the high school auditorium last night, under the direction of Mrs. W. H. Biedermann. Ward Harrison, Ruth Bliss, Gordon Selby Katherine Sheffler End Ruth Barclay portrayed the leading roles of the play. Deputy Fire Marshal Ed Crowick was in the city yesterday investigating the recent series of fires here. window. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to them that send him.--Proverbs 10:26. TOMORROW By CI.ARK KINNAJKf) ·VTotable Births--Ben Hecht, b. 1824, onetime circus acrobat now a distinguished playwright, novelist and rnovia producer . . . Geraldine Farrar b. 1882, world famous U. S. soprano . . . Winifred T. Grenfell, b. 1865, celebrated medical missionary to Labrador . . . Michel de Montaigne, b. 1583 in Pengord, France. His essays of fearless and all questioning criticism have madcxhim unforgettable to the world, but he forgot everything. In the midst of a speech he would forget'what he was talking about' Feb. 28, 1843--Roger Scott was publicly whipped in Boston for sleeping in church. It was his third offense. In those days' men were delegated to go through the congregations, to see that the worshippers stayed awake throughout the long sermons. Feb. 28, 1789--J. Strong, celebrated English organ-builder, died at 66. He never saw an organ in his life! Blind from infancy, he fell in love with organ music as a child, and contrived to remain in a church all night, that he might examine every part with his prying fingers. Before 20 he had constructed one unaided. Feb. 28, 1912--Radio was used the f i r s t time in an airplane, during a flight by Glenn Curtiss, at North Island, San Diego, Cal. Messages were exchanged with warships in the harbor. Mma!i^^ OBSERVING "Lousy" Is Ihe Word for Our Safety Record n*s found no pride in that 'gjgpi map presented in this pa^"*^ per Friday through - the courtesy of the Towa State Safety council. It showed the highway fatalities by counties in Iowa. Despite all -the scolding that's been done in this newspaper-probably too much of it---Cerro Gordo county's s h o w i n g was among the worst in Iowa. Though we rank far down the list in population, 'we were surpassed by only four counties in the mattei of street and highway killings And each of four, is enormously greater as to either population : oi area. This department hangs its figurative head in shame. If this isn' enough to rouse our county to the need for a frontal attack'on-the problem, such as r encompassec in the Iowa State Safety Council's program, I am frank to admi that I shall consider the case wel nigh hopeless. I plead with you to consider the stark realities here: Fourteen deaths in Cerro Gordo · county only 12 in Black Hawk, 7 in Wapello, 8 in Clinton, 9 in Dubuque, 6 in Webster, 7 in Des Moines-all with population greatly in excess of ours. Are we going to sit back and resign ourselves to the slaughter? Or are we, as they've done in Evanston, 111., Carroll county Iowa, and scores of other places, going to roll up our community sleeves and do something aboul It's Hard to Kill °~~ Such a Human Race! gh^ am specially impressed by gp» two harrowing tales of ^^ human endurance which nave come out of the west in recent weeks, born of a winter of special severity. Both have reflected a human endurance beyond all fair expectation. May I recall the incidents? Eighteen 'mites south of Jacob's Lake, Ariz., lies the isolated VT Park ranch. There live Carl Cux and his wife. In this desolate area in the Arizona strip north of the Grand Canyon, heavy snows had not been customary. Blizzards beset the Cox ranch house after Christmas, burying it to the eaves. The total snowfall was about 14 feet, leveling off to 6 and 7 feet depths on the plateaus. Last week a rotary snowplow fought almost unyielding drifts to a point within three miles of VT Park ranch. Snow tractors and shoveling crews finally pushed their way lo the snowbound ·anch home where they found the Cox family down to a diet of popcorn kernels after being marooned, eight weeks-in. their cabin. For two months they had existed on meager food supplies, and in the last weeks , only a little canned salmon and popcorn. In spite of their weeks of isolation and exposure, they were able to hail their rescuers.: In Carson City, Nev., early in February, snow shoveling crews located the car of Mrs. Maude Lanaer and her 2 year old daughter all but submerged in snow. When a sudden Nevada blizzard overtook them on a mountain highway, the husband struck out desperately .for aid. He disappeared into the snow banks leaving a wife and. 2 year old youngster buried in the road drifts. For 15 days, this mother and her child lived on food scraps from the lunch they had carried. In the last few.days they fought off cold and hunger by prayers, singing, and a little exercise. They existed for days on melted snow water and the remains of a bottle oE mustard. Rescuers found them still struggling to stave off the sleep which, in the numbing cold, would only be a forerunner to freezing.'' Human endurance can extend itself to almost unlimited degrees in an emergency. Oftentimes the end limits of exertion are beyond anything that medical science has recorded, . --o--· Towers of Courts Are Listed Here tot was interested in this list £S- of countries with a court system possessed of powers comparable to those exer- cized by the Untied States supreme court, with respect to passing upon tile constitutionality of legislative acts: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rtca, Cuba, Haiti, Irish Free State, Liberia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Rumania and Venezuela. The countries with a court system not possessed of such powers include: Albania, Austria, Belgium. Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Jzechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El- Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Sreat Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Holland, Norway, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, 3iam, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Uruguay and Jugo- slavia. Of these latter countries, the MIowing give, their courts lim- ted power to pass upon the constitutionality of legislative acts: Austria, Canada, Chile, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Estonia, Greece, Guate-. nala, Honduras, Norway,. Panama,.Switzerland,- Russia and : -Uru-- tuay. , , . . . . ' Answers to Questions By FREDERIC J. 11ASKIN How much do sportsmen spend or hunting licenses and hire: stamps? L. W. In 1935, the latest year foi vhich figures are available, hunters in U. S. and Alaska paid §9,- 256,784.94 for hunting licenses and $.140,919 forfcderal bird hunt- 'ng stamps. .Who organized the council of state governments? A, L. Originated with Heni-y W. Tol nine years ago. While it has been slow in getting a start, 17 states now belong, and Mr. Toll is the executive director. How many safety pins 'made in U. S.? A. H. Estimated as a million gross a ·ear. How many languages does Cardinal Pacelli speak? T. J. The papal secretary of state ipeaks Greek, Latin, Italian, German, French, English, Spanish and ~ How many nations ucslflcs U. S. lave Sricd to enforce prohibition? VI. L. Since 1912; seven, without suc- ess. They are Canada, Finland, celand, Sweden, Norway, Russia nd Turkey. How many WPA workers as- Islinir In the flood rone? A.-T. About 150,000, between Whecl- ng, W. Va., and New Orleans. Why is bock Leer drunk particularly in the spring? B. M. The cusom was started on the ontinent where bock beer was ooked upon as a tonic rather than beverage, and taken in lieu of ther spring tonics. \Vhat is meant by parallel cen- r in the news about Russia's reason trials? C. F. It seems lo be the center of or- anization of groups to carry out abotage and terrorism. What is the average cost of hav- K a. prescription filled? If. P. In small towns, average, 5t enls; large cities, Do cents. About 65,000,000 prescriptions are filled early in U. S. IVIio succeeded Anton Dicbler as f f l c l a l executioner of France? M, Diebler's n e p h e w, A n d r e ibrecht, has been appointed upon lieblcr's r e c o m m e n d a t i o n , ibrecht-is 38. Diebler, who is al- lost 70 years old, had beheaded 70 criminals. Is Al .Tolson mayor of 'HoIIy- vood, Cal.? C. H. Serving his third term as mayor f Encino, a suburb of Los An- eles. Did President Roosevelt appoint Negro as a federal judge? H. G. William Henry Hastie, a lawyer f Washington, has been appointed ederal judge in the Virgin islands. How oil! is Noel Coward? J. W. The actor-playwright is 38. How cZacs the coastline of IUI- ilfran compare with that of Florla? R. F. Michigan has a coastline ot 2,89 miles on the Great Lakes, lorida 'has 2,530 miles on the Gulf of Mexico and 1,221 on the Atlantic ocean, making a total of " How long- docs it take to cross England from London to Liverpool by train? D. G. Four and one-half hours. . AVhal do Uiin-shelled CSBS Indicate? R. D. Lack of minerals or vitamin D. Who will succeed Dr. James Rowland Angell as president of Valo university? W. J. On retirement in June, Dr Angell will be succeeded by Charles Seymour, now. provost and history professor at the university. Mention recent biographical. Includes "Victoria Regina" r ?, ng ,, ?, ichar ' i "." "Prelude to Exile," "The Masque of Kings" Plumes in the Dust," "Aged 26 " St. Helena," "A Point of Honor" and the new operetta, "Frederika." What stale has most Indians? Oklahoma, 06,244, or 28 8 npr cent. - ' y Is It still .isainst the law to smoke in public eating-' place* in North Dakota? ,1. T. Recently repealed' by the Noi-lh Dakota legislature. Where will the next G. A R encampment be? A. T Madison, Wis., date not set. ASTRONOMY No one sees what is before hia yS a!1 gaze at the stars." Thus d.d Cicero chide the Hotnan» when astronomy was waddling about without its telescopes But it is still true the world around. Everybody is interested in the sun, moon, stars, planets comets, meteors. ' A Globe-Gazette service book,? ° n ^ h '° nomy answers more than 500 questions asked most frequently by newspaper readers --answers authoritatively from the great stores of scientific and historical data in the government departments. A 48 page illustrated booklet Order copy today. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost and handling, Use coupon. B The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau Fredric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents In coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for the "Astronomy Booklet." Name Street Cily State ( M a i l to Washington, D. C.)'.. ^

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