The Evening Post from New York, New York on April 6, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Monday, April 6, 1818
Page 2
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", If , C0SGRE5S. - ' r :, Cue K - H Jtfraik The committee of the seaat. Z foraigu relations, U who. .was re er - redlhepeOtio of lubdry cibieu of I'lnlailel phia, ft'kiuj the iat - rvi' - 00 " congress in t e - iaifof Richaid W. Mead, an American ciU - ten. omiuuly and wantonly confined in a. dun - bv the authority o) Uiat govern ment, havegiveoto the ubct the deliberate ;i importance deserved, and be leave to ' submit the following report I It appears from Ihe documents, R,.' W. 7lf.ade is an ftmcric... wK.i went toSnaio in the year 11103, on lawful busines ; that, in th. year 1806, wo wai toe confidence ofthe government in his in tegrity, that he was appointed nay the United Statei at the port of Lad: a .tattoo Whk - h he held until the time ol n.l ronnurmeu.. Suchwat the corretfnese of his deportment, as to bav. been appointed by the triDuoa o - merce at CadU, with the content of all th - .par - tie, concern!, atigne of a " mount of whose estate involved a high rPn"" Wife. . performed the duties lhn devolrd ,l!ihi,bontlys and, collated for du - ribuUM any od,dolUr'' - ,h!MT ilm.. rationed the tribunal tope.rmil hun Jo re - mil this turn to the creditor, or the Danarupi kit him w l'",'ue tafHonch as he had, wu. - n appoint agent of the bankrupt, giv - eo hi. bond to (bat tribunal conddioned to tak. - chargn of the effect, of the bankrupt. aiidloJ - eresrWible solely to the tribunal for the proceed,, being prohibited under the penal - tr ofthe bonds from di - posing ol the runils without 'he sanction of the tribunal. A controversy Uin the creditor! and bank - rupt about the distribution. Meade offered the ' . if ih would five a bond, with . .k. .titfaction of the tribunal of i. hirK hi own might be cancel. Ti.i tk mrm nnable to do. The tri - burial, of iti own accord, and unexpectedly, de - ik. on the following morn - in?, place the money in the king's treasury, until ther - artieslitisant should give the security re auired! it beinr declared, that aU Meado'spro - nnn. JiAulJ be tea u est e red in the cafe of non payment at the time limited. The money wii forthwith paid by Meade into the treasury, in treasury note, equal to specie, and hence ac - kuowledged by the treasurer, that the deposit had ren made in uue sunn, ,. - .. Uon, in effective specie; and that whenever the tribunal should order its payment, bia majesty Would pay it in the same coin. .... Notw.thrtandingtbi. Judgment, and the discharge thereof, by the payment afore.nid, Mr. Derm U the agent for the British creditors, h.....hi Made in the same court, to recover the very sum he had heretofore paid in nmrnrn li In its OWO iriuemeai. x ' xminil Meade a secona ume for this money. J Be latter appenieu i iu. superior tribunal, called Ahradas. Dunne; it? pendriMT. it it charged by Meade, that the caue - vas removed, by the interposition of the Briiith miuiiter. to the council of war, and by (ho same taterpomtion", his arrest and confinement were procured, from which he could be relieved only by repayment of the money. ' He has languuhed in confinement from the 2d of May, 1816, down to the last accounts from Spain. The renreseotAtive of thii - nation at that court has rene atedly appealed to his catholic majesty for the relief of Meade; and the appeal has been in vain : The court of Spain having refused either to restore '.he money deposit! in its own treasurv. bv ordor of iU own competent juilU ial authority, or to release the person of Meade from Ihe long confinement to which he hat been doomed: and. Aially, tne president of the I'ni. ted states, whoe p - culir province , to tnke cognizance of subjects of this kind, ha caused a representation on the subject to be made to tbe minifler of bpam to me unueij Piatrt, demand ioif his immediate liberation. Nothing tint I conHjMice that this representation will produce the desired result, would have restrained your Committee from recommending the adoption of measures of severe retniiuiioa. Your commil tee ar of opinion, tbnt it is due to the dignity of the United states to adopt, as a fundamental rule of its policy, the principle, that one of its citixeos, to whatever region of the earth hi lawful business may carry him, and who drmeans himself as becomes his character, is entitled to the protect ion of his government, and whatever intentional injury mar be done him should be retaliated by the employment, ifl nec - sry, of the whole lone or the, nation. VF.iV.YiiHK KVKJtlSa HOST. MONDAY, APRIL 0. Inmate of Julia It will be seen that the committee of commerce and manufacturer, of which Mr. Seybert is chairman,' have reported a. bill to increase the duties on certain manufac tured articles imported into the Uuited States mud among those articles, that of paper ione We feel particularly interested in this article, nd stlect it, therefore, to make It the subject of a few cursory remarks. The duty on paper is already se very great, that to add to it the increase proposed in the bill, would amount to a total prohibition to our citizens to use foreign pa per at all. . If this is tho jolicy intended, why not say so at once, and make it a misdemeanor The committee might as well go directly to their object. If the paper - makers are to hare a spe cial law mad in their favor, by which they will be secured in an odious and detestable monopoly, so that they may eatort their own prices, tell us so, at once lam williug that the community should be made to contribute to the support of our manufacturing interest ia a reasonable do gree, but lat them be in a reasonable d. - gree - 1 am not willing that we ihould be wholly pro hibited from buying goods abroad, where we can get (hem 25 per cent cheaper than we ran buy them at boaie, merely that tiie domestic manu fucturer tuny demand 25 per cent more than they are actually worth .u an unrestricted market. If Hie report is ucci ted, books, pamphlets and new.p - p - ri, must a'l advance in prices Are the public ready for this. ? . Coming to ihr point The editor of the Advo calc, in his paper of tliis moruiug, teems to ca'l upon me to come out and prove my charges a gainst Mr. U'.ker. I dWt know what he would hare more. U I Inve not come out a he olb it, I know not v.lni teeming out is. but he sat! I am required to p. ere mv charges and give tht uu. - ... uic i hi iM - ge, ,viiat specieioil prnf does h? WSnt? HaVB I nnt invill M - Riker to meet me in a c.Mirt of Vvw, the only p'ace. lire legnl proof cw be given ? And aoes he not decline it ? But if Mr. Noah, will uoiy jcciare ui .;r. .Kikir ititliorises him to make theiequest tie has, I eland ready to giv Llai and dates in the Evening Post. Are yon answered Mi. Noah ? COM':UMC.TIO.V. jo tonn a rwiid noinim of lh mlnmir character cf ar.y people, there caa b no taer guide tbau'tisof pallfcinstitatW1 bT the h.iiii)i.iel find welfare man - - objet u To straugots, the ateirf eihiiaiexj oo Thursday last by the children of the Aew - Iorit Venule Association, plainly d - covcr. the female chancier in New. York to be replete with beue - yoleuce Beoeficeoce, however, i not alw acr0minid with Judgmeotj but happily the ruoslcateusive ojefulnew must inevitably result from the well directed charity of this 'M" At some future periiKJ, bow must ome of the te - ( nevoleut female, of tb city rejoK to find tho twig to have be ome a beautiful tree, which was nursed by their directions ; which began to expand under their fostering care. Never having witnessed an esamioauoo of the, kind before; the novelty of the cahihition engaged my utmost attention. The heart - felt ra - ti (action displayed on the countenance of the association plainly indicated that, tb children I hail made raotd improvement. A low and dis tinct pronunciation was remarkable through the whole of the performances. Thil excellency is to be ascribed to the mode of education. This is done in a slow and audible voice : the children hecome habituated to the manner: and thus an evil, which hai been too common in our schools, vie. indirtioct pronunciation, is avoided.' The prompt and correct performance in anin metic, deserve to be highly commended. The manner in wmcn it I taugnt menu sun mgner praise. When one of the clan is audibly, the other most be mutually engaged ; otherwise the process could not be understood or continued, ttrady and practical knowledge must ne me consequence or ibis constant exercise oi inc. mind. The exhibition in general must have been gratifying to every benevolent heart ; and the sup porters of the school had many atileut but hear ty benediction. Iroin a STRANGER. From tht Albany Daily Jldrtrliter, April 3 O letnpora. O mom .'After the question ha ving been three timet settled by the house, Mr. Thompson, yetterday, introduced a resolution forgiving Mr. Dox his scat without taking the oath prescribed by the duelling law. A debate arose upon this resolution, which lasted nearly two hours. , Mr. Thompson was supported ty Mr. Van Antwerp, Mr. Ilackley, Gen. Root, and Gen. Root' Sargent t and opposed by Mes srs. Oakley, sharp and William. It was con tended by tho latter gentleman, that the question having been long since disposed of in every shape in which it had been brought up, it was out ol order, and contrary to all rules of parliamentary proceeding, again to introduce the resolution. Aftera short debate upon the question of order, the speaker decided that Ihe resolution wa in order. Mr. Uakley appealed from tins decision, and the debate was resumed. The bouse filial ly reversed the decision of the speaker, 54 to 47. Mr. Uarstow then moved that the rule of the bouse upon this subject be dispensed with.for the ournoie of introducine the resolution, and was supported by Mr. Root, but he finally withdrew tne motion lor tne present. I be bill granting to the Acqucduct Associa tion, a cenfirmalioo of their banking privilege, has received it final reading in the senate. The application of that company wa aupxrted by most of the merchants, sloop owners, lie. in Cats - kid ; and opposed, we understand, by none. It was admitted by all, that a second institution was wanted in that phce. and they asked only for a capital of $90,000 being already in operation, and supported as it is by to respectable a portion ol that village and the country about it ; aud cunductej hy officers so respectable and capable, and having lor the time it has been in operation proved Denellcial ; we are glad to see it is likely to be placed on a permane nt fooling, and have no dDuut it will continue to prove a uiclul institu lion in the village. Tht finance bill. We imagine that we have not been tulliciently eiplicit in stating the principal objects of this bill. It was reported by Mr. Colden, pursuant to the recommendation of his excellency tho governor, in his speech at the opening ol (he session. 1 be chiel object con templated by the hill, are, First, the tale of the three per cont, stock, tnd to apply the avail to the reduction of Ih public debt. Secondly, as re are paying a war interest of seven ler cent. for a considerable part of our debt, and as the stork is redeemable, the bill authoriiesa loan of 51,000,000, at a rate of uiterevt not exceeding 1 x per cent, to pay off the old debt the sto k of the new Inau redeemable in ten years. Third ly, it authorises the appointment of an officer in INcw - York, whoso duty it shall be to issue certill - calcs of stock to the contractors of said loan and all transfers to he made only at the office of the person so appointed. Fourthly, it extend? the time for the payment of the debt due from the bank of New - York to tint stale, till January I, III2U. ' And fifthly, it repeal the act imposing t tax of two mills on the dollar of Oie real and personal e - tale within this stato, as soon a Ihe present stock debt is discharged as contemplated by the bill. On Wednesday the House again Tvent into committ e r the whole nd were occupied in diiicu. - iMtig; d liferent provision of it during the whole day. Mr. Colden stated thatnn reflection, he had becntnt convinced of the propriety of adopting the amendment to the sixth section suggested the clay before by Mr. Duer, (v de Daily Advertiser of Wednesday) Vlr C. therefore moved a reconsideration ef the aaid sixth section, and the motion prevailed Mr. lfcicr then moved the amendment lie bad proposed the day previous. This motion gave rise to some little debate. Mr. I'iei son op posed, on the ground that the amendment ren dertd the clause aburl 1 a. the original sec tion declares that the stock may be redeemed after the expiration f five years, and the a - mendnient provides tliut it shall be redeem, ed at the expiration of that term. Messrs, William and Duer spoke a short time in explanation, as also did Mr. Colden. Mr. Oakley sugirested to the committee the propriety of strikmcf out the sixth section en tii ely, as the objects of it he co .ceivej w re hilly embruccd in the tenth section ot the tula Mr. Colden made a tew remarks iifopposi tion to the motion, and Mi". Oak lev withdrew it Mr Root oppo - ed the amendment pfopo.tal by .Mr Duei. He believed the section worth very little and the amendment still less. The question on the amendment was then taki n luid carried in II. e affirmative w ithout a division. Vr. Oakley then rose in support of the a mendinent he had offcrM to the seventh sec tion of Die bill, the day before, which was to strike out that part ot the sec ion Which mi - posed tn tax of one mill on the dollar tor a ny specific period, or until the rock created by the bill almuld be redeemed or paid. Mr. O. entered at considerable length into tht sub jtct of finance, although he did not profess to be very much acquainted wan 11. Mr Mmien replied to " r. Oakley ; and a debate was kept up by various gentlemen upon this question, Hi - near two hours. Ihe - menumem 01 iir. UAlev's finally prevailed, 68 to 29 Mr. Root moved so to am cut the clause, as tnliiiit the Ux of one mill on the dolbr to one Nearunly Mr. olden opposed the motion He tlion jfit the gentleman I rum Delaware, by his aide at tacks wasaitcinptingtodentmyihebill. Hut Mi . C tid he vi of 1 en occupied the floor 111 auemp. nj; 10 ept.m the bit!, that lie did not wish to lake up the time f the committee. Mr. KM't confescd Uiat it Was bisoSject to destroy ihe hi I. lie would neer by l is vole tan. turn the scheme contemplated l - y it. Mr. Oakley s.,id he should vote against strik ing out The proposition goes to limit the f ,.v (A mi ...... , I.. .... - . ... ...a u.iv . v liiiit. I lie UUIHIiinilllT ITI' formed us that if we continue Ua, tax, of one, :n - it,. ArAr. after defravine the Derma " ".fc v.. - - . . w ., . nent t xpense of the gwvernment, their wil' t,..i 60.000 dollar for tbe other inci - .!ntu ememe Th'w propoiition would leave the subject in uch away that the Legis lature will be called on from year to year, to legislate upon if. Mr. Oakley whhed the tax to be made permanent t and hereafter, whenever it could safely and consistently be done, future legislature might repeal or reduce the tax. - ' Mr Root in reply, observed that he was hap - dv to find that the eentleman from Dutches, Mr. O. agreed exactly with him in principle s but they were taking a widely different course to obtain the fame object. Mr. Pierson aw no objection to striking out He was opposed to the whole bill, a lie const dered it an ingenious stock jobbing bill, calcu lated lor wall street. . biiquiq uie out pa committee, he intended to move to strike out all but the first lection Mr. Sharpe was in favor of striking out. He wished the tax imposed for one year only, and our successor lett to assume uie responsioiu - ty of continuing it if they pleased Motion to strike out negatived, 55 to 40. A little debate arose upon the twelfth section, Mr. Oakley was opposed tr taking the business of keepiug accounts, and making out certificates aud transfers of stock, from the comptroller for the purpose ol creating a place for a broker in New - York. Mr. Colden replied, and observed that it wa not contemplated to create a salary officer. Mr. Duer observed that the third section of the hill was similar to the ooe which Mr. Oakley now wished to amend. He therefore moved a reconsideration of 'hat faction, which motion prevailed. Mr. Duer then moved to amend the third section, by striking out the words " some persons," and substituting the words "the ca shier of one of the banks" so tnai 11 migni rrau, "the wrfon administering the government of this state, be and he is hereby authorised to appoint the cashier of on ofthe banks in Uie city 01 rtew - York, whose duty it shall he, Sic. This motion prevailed, and the 12th section wa amended to correspond. Mr. Sharpe then moved an amendment to the 13th section, so as to repeal unconditionally, after the present year, the law now authorising the tax of two mills on the dollar. Messrs. Colden and Oakley opposed this motion, on the ground, that as tliat tax had been pledged for the payment ofthe debt created dur ing the lite war, it would be a violation of the faith of the state to repeal if, until that debt should bo paid. Mr. Colden wished the gentleman from New - York, would propose amendments to the bill, if he was so much dissatisfied, and oot confine him self to fault - finding. Mr. Ulsoheffer made a few remarks in reply, and was followed by Mr. Oakley, who thought the gentleman did not understand the subject. By an existing law, the s'.ate is pledged to continue this two mill lax until the debts of this state are paid. Aud unless we now borrow the money, for the payment of these debts, a provided in the bill, this tax must be continued, or we violate the faith and credit of the state. Mr. Sharue's motion was lost, and the bill was passed through by the committee. Mr. Itoot then rose, and after a few observa tions, proposed an additional clause, suspending the powers ofthe commissioners of the canal fund to borrow money upon uie credit ofthe state, until the whole of the stock created by the bill should be redeemed Tien years Mr. Coldcu opposed. He regretted the course pursued by gentlemen opposed to the bill. Their opposition to it was not founded upon its merits ; 11 was hostility to the canal that produced these side attacks. Mr. Root in reply, said he was driven to the necessity of carrying on this partizan warfare, hy the craftiness of the miners and sappers who were now undermining the people's liberties The bill, 'ho coatended, originated from a higher source than the gentleman who reported it. It was a spacious covert project for obtaining the money from the treasury in an underhanded way tne cniel juggler attempting to spring a mine upon tne people, and steal away their funds without their knowledge. He wished Ihe ayes and noes taken upon this question, that hit constituents should distinctly understand the aub - lect, and who the men were who would vote for a bill calculated to load them down with taxes which would burden them forever, fnrdefrarinr the expeuces of this grand dilch or grand stu pendous canal. Mr. Oakley said the gentleman misunderstood the subject altogether. Mr. O. could see nothing in the bill which had auy relation to the cannt. The hill ,made no provision for raitiiiz any extraordinary or surppis funds. Mr. Itnol's motion was - lost. 76 to 21. Mr. MeigH then rose, as he said, to make a motion relating to the whole bill, excepting the first section. He had listened two days with patience to arguments which he could but p:onoun. e incomprehensible and mvste - rotis. He professed not to understand the subject of finance 1 he had commenced upon the bill m the dark, and lie remained so. He l.crefore moved to meet the whole bill ex cepting the first clause. Motion declared out ot order. The committee then rose and reported. But before the question on agreeing with the committee in their report was taken, Mr Meigs a - gain took the floor, and afu r declaring that lie knew nothing of finance, entered at large upon the subject, and explored a boundless held but dwelt principally upon the financial ystcm ot t.real Uritian. Mr. Meitrs was en tirely opposed to the system of borrowing'. He wished to know theuiiole amount of our debts canal debts and all and Was willing for one to vote for a tax sufficient to pay off every dollar in on. year. He wished the bill rejected, and then he would bring forward another, mak ing ample provisions tor the payment ol the whole. Mr. Meigs was again declared out of ord. r.J 1 he question on agreeing with the commit tee ofthe whole in their report, was deferred till 1 hursduy morning ; and the House ad ioumcd. Yesterday, when the question of agreeing with the commi' tee or the whole in their re port of thc'iLiy before came up, Mr. Meig.a, gain took the floor, in continuation, we pre sume, of his observations of Wednesday, as he was again flying upon the wings of fancy and imagination in the same bouudlcs fie.d. He viewed the whole Itrilish system of finance - quoted many ditiiiiirui - hed authors talked extravagantly of the Itrilish national debt and undertook to show that in thi bill we were imitating' that pernicious system which had involved that nation so many hundred millions in debt, lie then look a survey of the state of our finances, and concluded by repeating his declaration ofthe preceding day, of his willingness to pro - , ide ways and means for paying the whole debt at once, ife was willing to let the people know the amount of money weJ . . 1 . - r .1. ... 1 n waiu me iurHjc lor men 11 is wamca ana then to ask tliein fur it at Once. Mr. M then read and explained the substitute he had prepared for that purpose, and moved to strikeout all of the original bill but the first section. Mr lloot spoke at considerable length in favor of striking out. The object ofthe bill was to provide funds for Lrosecuting1 the great grand ditc It, against whTuh he would struggle as long as struggling would do any good, and perhaps longer. II he should be overpowered he was L te: mim d t - . contend - till Uie last he would be defeated only in the last dlch even thuigli thai ditch were the Great Grand Canal I w" r ol 2ff then went into the subject syt - Itm - nd adverted "to that gret and airing financier, Mr. Pitt. But he contended that i... kM and Jarine as lie was, was lar outstripped by our Chancellor of the Exehe - quer, (Mr. coiaen.j mr. 1 prev.v. .I...... .1. - fimHino - avi - tem altoceUicr. In relation to the certificate, of atock contemplated in this bill, he aid they were no more nor leas than u:n. r,,t;t .ml the rk'ht of the Utes to UllIV V w.wy C . .... a issue bill of credit, was exptessly prohibited k i.. jvu.Btitiitinn Uie bill, he therefore .r..crl.t n, unconstitutional. Mr. U. conclu ded as he commenced, by a furious attack up - . - ..nil Mr. rharpe moved that the substitute be printed, that the members might have an op portunity 01 examining 11 Messrs. Duer and Colden said this motion was not in order, and insisted on the question f,,r atrikinc out. Mr. Sharpe hoped the question would not then be passed upon the House. A motion wa made to adjourn, lost. 11, Un..t moved thai the further considera tion nf the bill be Dostnoned till to - morrow, and that in the mean time the substitute be print ed Mr. Colden hoped thi motion would not prevail. Mr. Meigs aid he hd no design to embarrass the house by introducing the substitute. He wished it pi inted and for this purpose would withdrew his motion for striking out for tbe present . I he quetion then was upon agreeing witli the committee in their report yesterday. Mr. Root moved to postpone the question until to - morrow carried. Another unsuccessful motion wax made to ad ioum. ,Vfr. Root moved that the usual number of copies be printed carried. And the house adjourned at half past three, without having gone into committee ofthe whole during the day. April 4. Mr. Dox. The motion made on Thursday, for dispensing with the rule of the Jiouse for the purpose of again introducing the resolution for the admission of Mr. Dox, wa again brought up yesterday. The motion was support! d by Messrs. Root and Barstow, and oposed by Messrs. sharpe aud Requa. The motion prevailed 53 to 4U. The resolution was then introduced. Mr. Oakley proposed an amendment, in order to render it as consistent as po: - ihle with the former proceedings of the house upon the same subject ; and also to prevent its being recorded upon thr journals that Mr. 1). had been admitted without complying with the requisition of our laws. Mr. Kirkland hoped gentlemen would suffer the re solution to lie upon the table at least one day, in order to give the members time for reflectiou before they voted for dispensing with a solemn act of tho state by a simple resolution. 1 he subject was of the fit it importance, and ought to be acted upon with great cautiou. Mr. K. made a motion accordingly. Mr. tharpo thought it hardly necessary to postpone. He was bapp." that the gentleman from Dutchess, (Mr. Oakley) had called a division, a; it would give him an opportunity to record his name against a proo - sition so dangerous and alarming. Mr. S. protested against the repeal of a solemn act of thr legislature, barely because one man has refued to comply with its provisions. Mr. S. hoped the question would be taken now, as on a'urday the house would probably be thin. He, hope ! there was yet good sense enough in the honre to reject the resolution. Mr. Kirkland withdrew his motion for postponing. Mr. I hrmptoo made a few remarks in favor of the resolution. The question was then taken aud decided in the ne gative, 67 to 51. The senate yesterday in committee of tbe whole, passed the firnt section of the bill for in corporating the Franklin Bank, in tho city of iew - Kork. The house of assembly were occupied a con sidcrable time upon Mr. Gulden's bill, relative to the school fund. Messrs. Edwards, Root, .rtbarpe and Sargent opposed the bill, and Messrs Colden and Meigs tupijorted it. On motion of Mr. Oakley, the committee of Uie whole rose and reported, and were subsequently discharged from the further ronideration of the same, and it was referred to a selert committee, consoling of Messrs. Colden, Oakley, and Harkley. I he salary bill was next taken op by the com mittee, and considerable debate eu. - ued. 'I ha part of the bill reducing Uie salaries of the governor, the chancellor and judges, was rejected by a large majority. The salary of the secretary of state was reduced one half, (to $1000.) - - An attempt was made to reduce the salary ofthe attorney general ; but tho committee ro - e with out taking the question; and the hou;c ad journed. Extract of a letter from a gentleman in New - Orleans, dated March 5, to his friend in Baltimore, 44 We have been rather unpleasantly situated for some time past, by a Imnd f ddtou - aU cha racters, prowling about the city. Not a mghi has passed in which thty did not commit depie - dations on some persons body or effects. The poignard it used by them without the smaller. hesitation, and I believe there has been as many at fifteen assassinatious. There things I do n like, and I assure you, I do not feel easy whet. out at night, which, though not frequently, h - ucccsiarily sometimes the case." front fAe .ltional Intelligencer, April 4. If we may judge from the extraordinary una nimity with which the bill for countervailing the British colonial system has passed to a tlmd reading in the senate, there is but little doubt that it will become a law. This bill proposes a change in our system of navigation, which, without being liable to the objection which apply to general systems of restriction, promises material advantages to that important interest which a, present languishes under the disadvantages wi;h which K encounters the British restrictioaoiiao extensive brauch ofour trade. The plaster law as it it geuerally tailed, has produced an e!f t which, it is with rea. - on hoped, in ,y as speedily attend this other defensive measure. The position of the city of Ncw - Or!ean?, f. vorablc to commerce, and enterprise, has also iU attendant disadvantages. Between the foreign mariners whom their vocation brings there, the domestic shariert who travel there in search of prey, aud the desperadoes who hover alotg the shore, to - day neutral, to - morrow belligcreut, and the next day piratical, Uie police apiiears to have lull employment. Not finding its force or vigilaice sufficient to check the assain ond nightly depredator, a patrol hat been establish d of the mihUa forces, of the nioril mast of the community, for the purpose of guarding the peace 01 me cuy. W e have before us the Orleans Gazette of th 10th February, containing a letter under the nature of Fayette, from which some idea ni;.y gathered of the characters of tome of the freebooters who inlest Uiat neighborhood, it appears that a profligate and abusive letter has been addressed, iu the same paper, to the wor my collector of that port by t ierre I.ahttc. one of the pardoned Oarratainans, in consequence of me disclosures respecting him contained in Mr. Chew's letter, which was in December last transmitted by the president to congras. There are - ome allusions in tins letter which it makes tl.e blood run cold 10 read ; Uie following for in stance : " The defUnceoflV.ed against the proof of an? capture but the vessels of K erdinaud Vllth may ouud well enough at a distance, but it is entire ly impoteut here, where the term " walking the plank" is as familiarly and lijhtly made use of aihatot crooking your eloow." InJeei, deputed shades wen e'er fermittcl ta revisit thii world, it ir hrewa1y impeded that Mre - Vannraded and diver others could unfold a tale wbesa lightest word would harrow op the soul." After reading Ih preceding passage, no ooe will deny the force of the following remark : " The Oiost interesting pretention, however, that Mr. Lafitte hat to notice 00 thi occasion, i the deU terious tendency ol unrtinencies like his, Uon a cause in which noble heart and unsullied haud are engaged, and with whose generous spirit - 1 might be uuited in tbe minds of the uniiifbrmi d and ignoble band of grovelling and muccnary depredators. It it necessary to guard the unwary against the further assumption th character of Mexican patriots iy nun v. no have already counterfeited it too Ion, and who have done more to cool tho natural ardour of the people of the United States, in the eiiMilig struggle Deiwern American nrxny aim r.ui - pcan oppression, than any political calculation of national interest." The following is the material part of the bill to incrcas the duties on certain m inu(a lured articles imported into the United &'ates, reported to Wedue'day, by Mr. Seyberl, from the committee of commerce and manufactures. " Be it enacted, &c. That, from and after the dty of 1818, the duties now in lore e upon the articles hereinafter enumerated and described, at their importation into Uie Uni - Ud States, thai I cease; and that in lien thereof, there shall be themeforth laid, levied, and collected, upon the said articles at their importation, the several and respective rates or duties following, that is to tay; on steel, one dollar and fifty ceats per 100 trrijht; on thot, manufactur - d from lead, three cents per iwund ; on articles urantf factored from copper, or of which copper ithe material or chief value, twenty - five per centum ad valorem ; 011 silver, plated saddlery, roach and harness furniture, twenty - five per centum ad valorem ; on all paper rommcnly used for copper plate printing or writing, twelve nd an hall cnts per pound ; on all other paper eight cents per pound ; on tacks, brads, and sprigs, uot exceeding sixteen ounces to the thou - and, five rents on every thousand thereof; and 111 tacks, brads, and sprigs, exceeding sixteen ounces to tho thousand, the same duty as on nails. bee.?. And he it further enacted, I hat au addition of ten per centum shall be made to the evcral rites of duties above specified and impos ed, in respect to all such good", wares and merchandize, on the importation ol which, in American or foreign vessels, a specific discrimination has not been herein ah eady made, which, after the said day of , 1818, thall be imported in ships or vessels not of the United states: Provided, I hat tlm additional duty shall not apply to goods, wares and. merchandize im ported in ships or vessels not of Uie Uuited Males entitled by treaty, or by any act or acts of con gress, to be entered in the ports ol the United - tates, on the payment of the same duties as are paid on good?, wares and merchandize, imported in ships or vessels of the United States." 1 he 3d and 4th sections merely continue the present drawbacks, and the operation ofthe existing provisions for the collection of the duties, &c. CONGRESS. IN SENATE Thursday, April S. Mr. Roberts, from the committee of claims, reported a bill for the relief of Aquila GUes, which pasted to a second reading. The senate resumed the consideration of Uie bill to increase Uie condensation ofthe judges of the courts nf the Uuited Mates. Mr. Williams, of Mississippi, moved that the further consideration of the bill be postponed to the first Monday in July next, (to reject it,) which motion was decided in Uie negative ayes 13, noes 18. And the senate adjourned. Friday, April 3. NAVIGATION BILL. The Senate resumed the consideration of ihe bill concerning navigation, reported by the committee of foreign relations on Wednesday The first section provides, that from and af ter the SOth of September next, the porta of the United States shall be and remain closed against every vessel owned wholly or in part by a subject or subjects 01 Ins uritanmc ma - lesty, coming or arrivimr from any port or place in a colony or territory of his uiiiannic majesty, that is or shall be, by the ordinary laws of navigation and trade, closed against vessels owned by citizens ofthe United .States ; a d every such vessel, so excluded from the ports ofthe United Stutes, that shall enter, or attempt to enter, the sarre, in violation of this act, shall, with her tackle, apparel and furniture, together with the cargo on board such vessel, be forfeited to the United 'tates. The 2d section provides, substantially, that any British vessel entering our ports, shall, on her departui e, if laden with the production of the United Stales, give bonds not to land her cargo at any ofthe British ports prohibited in the first section, and to fei feit such vessel, tackle, kc if she attempt! to sail without so giving bond. - The id section enacts the manner of recovering the penalties, accounting f r them, kc Messrs. Harbour, King, and Macon, each spoke in support of this bill ; after which, The question was taken ou o tiering it to be engrcssed and read a third time, and decided in the affirmative. Mr. King submitted the following resolu tion : Heiolved. That the Secretary of the Treasu ry do report to the senate the sum of the fund ed debt of the United Slates, bearing an inter est cif'seven, six, and three per cent ; distin guishing the amount of each that has been paid hv the si;bsc: - hers towards the capital ot the II ink of the United States ; distinguishing al vt the sums of the respective species ofthe f - tided debt, paid on account of the several ustalnients to ihe said bunk stating the sum and species of the funded debt sold by the bank, how much thereof was purchased or re deemed b the United States, and how much iias been sold without the United States. The Senate then adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Thursday, April S. Am mgst the petitions presented this morning, nas one by the speaker, from Vicente Pazos, of Peru, in South America, on behalf of himself and others, praying com;ctisntion for their private proocrtv, which was taken possession of at Ame lia Island by tho troop i f the United States ; which petition was refemd to the committee of claims. BOSTON, April 3 From France. Vy the bria Governor - Car ver, whii b arrived yesterday, v?e received our complete tiles of Taris and llaS're political and commercial papers to reh.oth. PARIS, Feb. 4 Some Italian Journals report that newt hat been bnutlit troru Algiers by the Sardinian Vice ( onsul, that he was espelled lor having made repp tarnations Mgaiost the capture of a Sardinian vessel. And Uiat the Eot;):h Consul had ex - .rienced the arue late, alter having seen his two seized for the llaremo! the Dey, and Mi son heli'hrtrd. It is also said Uiat the laush - ler of the Sardinian Consul was carried off to the Hnretn, at well as Ihe two English l.iclict. We yet venture to doubt ofthese outrages. CIIAMBERSBURG. (Pa ) March 31 More roguery ! On Tuesday last, two men were lodged m ths jail of tint county, oa susui iiiKi of their having iui," - opr 1 ly obtained several post notes .of the bank of Ihe U. States, which they - presented for exchange at tbe bank of Chambershurg. ' Mr. Colhoun, cashier of oar bank, immediately wrote to Mr. Smith, cashier ofthe Bankof tbe U. States, a description of the riote fouj - J on these men, and on Saturday last, an exprcs arm til here m S3 hour and 10 mi notes, from the Bank in. Philadelphia, informie, that the notes found oa these men, . Num. 13743, for $9005, was itsutd for jfCoStlil Do. 13744, for 905 do. for T05 do. ijooi, tor U3 uo. lor 103 Do. 13679, for 905 56 do. for ' 105 fifi Ixi. 13745, far 905 do. for 105 The alterations are so neatly executed, (hat on several of the notes they cannot be traced with Uie naked eye. ... Brtaeh of promise of marriage smJ an adjourned court of common picas, held fa Gvtsn l ure, for Adams county, the week before last, a case of the above kind wa tried M r.ib. rme Kveny, planum, aou 01 r. joun Bell, defendantthe plaintiff obtained a verdict Sr two thousand dollars damages. a Caution. Several surtout and hat were Ito - le n out of an entry in Greenwich - street, last tn - ni. - ig, between C and 9 o'clock. ,rriu..t t.unrir.M'OflDEsT. Boslo'i Fx hartsre Ccfice - lloose, Beading and Nc'f room, April 4. Arrived this morning, brig Frederick, Collin. 54 days from Liverpool. Spoke, Apiil , Jjj 4i lou. 68, brig Thames, 19 days from N Vnra - for Bordeaux, iu distress, having sprung aleak, and had thrown ovrrboard some of her cargo. . V. S. fcioce writing the above, the Thames has arrived at this port. She has been 23 days from NYork. Cleared, Sloop Success, Parker, New - York - Betsy, Gould, do. . lours, in n iste, V. MARRIt D, Last evenins. by the Rev. Doctor M'LelUi, Cnpt. George Sutton, to Miss Ann Eliza Sleu serve, daughter of Mr. George G. Messerte of thi city. ' On Wednesday, Xotb March, at Flat - Lnndt, L. I. bv the Rev. Mr Woodhull, Doctor Adtia V'anderver, of Flathuth, to Mis Eliza Loit, daughter o.r Henry I. Lott, Esq. of the former place. t:VlCXL'G POST MA1HXE LIST. CLEARED. Ship Thomas Wilson, Thompson, Liverpool . narrn ta Benson Schr A .ore, Skidmore, Windsor, NC Milo, Beetle, Savannah St. Salvador Freeman Allen Ireland P M'Laughlan N Orleans S. Marsh & Brooks. - Schrs Dart, Allen, Vigilant, Baker, William, Reynolds, Sloop Raynham, Godfrey, Newport jfitif t.u mi tJKr.nui)jt Sloop B. D. Jone. S4 hour from Newport. R. I. with rum, to E Burrill k WCahoone. Sloon Vciiun, Comstock, 24 hour from Pro vidence, with gin, dry goods, &c. to sundries. The ship America, tiom uatavia, came un this morning as far as the watering place, Ma - ten Island, and anchored, being unable to pro. ceed any farther on account of head wind and tide. The schr Lycurgus, Nichols, of New - York, 38 day from City of St. Domingo, bound to N. York, put into Hampton rvoau 00 tne istoi April, for provisions. Amonr the namber ot vessels wmcn sanea this morning, were the following ships Paci - fie. William, for Liverpool ; Euphrates, De Cost, for do t Alliance, for do ; Mary - Augntta, for Greenock brigs Bnttania, tor Bristol s Robert, for Liverpool Recover, lor no ana Nancy, for FalmouUi Bah ittoaa. April 3. Arrived brig Clio, Wvnne, 22 days from N Orleans, and 17 from the Ralize. Ship Missouri, Hart, from N. Orleani, 17 davsfrom the Palizc. Brig Harriet, Cathell, 37 day from Pernaro - buco. B - ig Juno, Parrot, 44 days from Lisbon. Ilri ' Huron. Martin. 18 dav from Havana. Capt M. contradict, the report by Capt, Don, ofthe Undaunted, at NYork, respecting trans - Doris sailinir from Havana with troops 3 or 6 sail of small veasel of war had sailed for Cam - peachy to assist the fi iatc Iphigenia, from La Vera Cruz, which had put in there leaky. Brirr Onlv Son. Howler, 66 da from Paler mo. Maich 23, in long. 69 1 - 2, ioke idiip Wondrop, 6'ims, 6 days tiom rhiladjlplua lor Liverpool. British ship Wcptune, oownan, trom Jamai ca, 4 days from New - York. SAVANNAH, March 27. Arrived, nngiua - ry, Uphani, 22 day from St. Pierre, ( ilsrtio - iqtie.) iett, senr tjoinen ige, 01 it sora, uncharging to sail for N Carolina in 15 dnys; schr Syren, Peaison, of and lor Boston, to sail ia 10 dny. Brig Hero, Bailey, Et. Pierre, (Mart.) 1 days. . Siyanvm, March 26. Arrived ship Rising States, Swinburn, NYor 6 days. Biig Lydia, Heed, Boston 11 da. Briir federally. Luce, Bosion 27 days, with spe. ie for the Planter' B.oik. Both the above vcs.ela.have been detained tor want of pilot. Brig Almlra, Atwood, Boston 9 day. PiiiLtntLfHii. April 4. Arrived ahip. Me - dora, Pickle, Havana 15 day. '. - .77.'. - . Brig Milo, i ro - t, cjays. r ; Sloop Fame, Diddle, Boston 3 day.., Sloop Hope, Saunders, NYork 8 dayfc 'THEATRE. On Monday evening, April 6, will be presented, GUV MANNEIUNG, nit thk cipiv'a PROPHECY. Col. Mannerine. Mr. Roberta nenry ueriram, - ..V; - u 5Y. .1! ' ;ii h rar.rite fODC t i.Aina (it aw annaaranra un nsiw na. - Pwidie Dinmot, Mr. Pritcbard Julia Mannering, M". Barley n KM t at InhnsuTafl w, vi nien. Lucy nenraui. . ' In act 2, II Duet of Now Hnne, Now ! , wiil be wine, hy Mr. Darley and Mr. Keeee, MJ a Scotch Reel, by Mestr. Tarker, Bancker m Baldwin, and Metsrs. Parker, V heaUey, ptmm dage, aud Mis Dellinger, he. ' .... l - u ...:n u .a.lnJ 1 o wmcn win " ouucu, Lowinaof Tobolskoi : or the Fatal Snow St0; Lowina, . M!!LEr i'erlormance to rnmmenre ni seven o - I n. iuau;ii. . fri - The last meetiue ofthe Forum will pbiceTHIS F.VKNlNGatthe Atsembly i - City Hotel, and the question, . , I it essentially necestnry for tbe emcin administration and lor tne ultimate - of the government of the United State thai . ,11 - . 11. 1 1 r soouiu lie id uie uouua ui y" j .nnra - Atier uie niscinsionni uie S"V""ria ilf tt pnatc VALEDICTORY Al)DRtS3 wdl . . ... ,n, l - .j ., t .niii re. Ueuvereu oy 1 nomas r eiuuim - 1 - - ap6 It . - - r ..,,.ili xt :o'i Otr Catalogues lor U. uuimi" - - package sale 01 343 package, are ""JM - Tk. h examined m "" srPe r - w - - ss, ihe nour 01 suie. nmuuj - ,. - - a,,,, in great demand, not enumerated m j6 jj. I tiMtment. - fr - r - Benj. Merrill, and wni. """:ZJJ foetid a connection in the t?&$Em and luive openeu tiorem i - .. - - - - f,h. , N. B They will Kttle tM bnue of h j; firm of WhitJ, Merritt, ft Co. . P L i7 - 1 his morning Metr.. ALX.fc. plJkTure of tnformiiiK an adveiawr at liK kv - pffice Uiat hi. ticket bad drawa 1 F one tl.ou.aad do - lar. 1 the pre bun the r for the same immediately. in Willi ii Liini 111 lci lie nan a wiv - of Cease, Sweet Girl,' Home, Love, and Liberty,' Her Smiling Eye,' and 'Brut' Addres to his Soldiers, or, Scot wha' na e

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