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H I S T MEM Â« A R T O E P T O F I O W A O E S U o l N t S U NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES riVB CENTS A COP* MASON CITY, IOWA, FBIDAY, MARCH 10, 1939 Lewis Peace Offer Is Laugh of Week WASHINGTON -- The trick in the John Lewis peace offer was .just a shade too obvious to be good. It was the laugh of the week here, but w a s n o t s o treated publicly, because no one else wanted the grim negotiations to start off on a humorous note. If the offer had been seriously intended, it would have been a move to _ . , . _ , , get control of , ?anl Malton t h e AFL. 11 simply suggested AFL's Green get out, while Mr. Lewis retained control of his United Mine Workers Union, the strongest and, there- lore, a .potentially dominating union of the proposed setup. Â· But old Hamlet switched his character to that of Falstaff, without the aid of a pillow, -.or a change of makeup, for this occasion. His peace offer is reported to have been conceived by his CIO publicity man, Len De Caux, a good one. All they wanted to get out of the offer was newspaper headlines, announcing: "AFL Rejects Peace Proposal," which they did. * * * Considered Insult A number of Falstaffian jokes were in the proposal. Grimmest and funniest was the one proposing a pension for Mr. Green and Frank Mojrison, secretary of the AFL. The implication was the two AFL leaders were just hanging on to their.jobs for a living and that Lewis would see they were taken care of[- like old-age pensioners. (Inside/the AFL this was considered a studied insult). Lewis alsp suggested a new over-all president for labor be selected from Jhe railroad .broth- '"Â·;;:H. : ..-J~ : -V.1 ~.^_l~nif--^li',' _-';'! ( ^Tj^f" 1 _ i j on those who do'noi.'appreciate how much AFL'ers and ClO'ers are jealous of the railroad brotherhoods. For instance when Madame Perkins chose one of her assistant secretaries (McLaughlin) from the brotherhoods, a CIO official remarked: "We would have raised a fuss if you had appointed an AFL man, but we would rather have seen you do it than a brotherhood man." President Roosevelt's advisers Were a little worried after Lewis made his proposal for fear it might blow up the whole peace movement. The AFL crowd, however, took it aj the joke it was, and proceeded to business. Big Jap Navy Budget Tokio dispatches have been carrying some new officially faked figures on Japanese armament expenditures. War and navy authorities here did not even grant the figures the courtesy of being clipped for the files. They were announced by the Japanese war minister and indicated Japan was embarking on merely a 5329,000,000 six year naval construction program (if you convert the yen into dollars at 27,3 .cents). The Japanese are accustomed to handle their budget figures so as to keep all foreign governments in a haze. All that authorities here know about these new ones is that they do not mean anything. It is evident, however, that the new program is to be superimposed on the 'one in last year's budget, "from which $158,000,000 will remain at the end of this Japanese fiscal year (March 31). Also the Japs can build two or three battleships for what the U. S pays for one. The difference in the wage scale here and there is about 1 to o, which incidentally is another evidence of the comparative living standards in dictator nations and democracies. They pay their workers a few ounces of rice a day, while ours are the highest paid in the world. If you make allowances for these differences, the small Jap'- anese building budget becomr/s a billion dollar naval building program--which is almost exactly even with oars. The Japanese further are believed to have a secret defense fund which does not go through their diet In extreme cases, they can go through the supreme council to the emperor himself and get money directly from the treasury. It is not done often, because the hood-winked l e g i s l a t i v e branch of the government objects but in matters of national defense the government has been able to get away with it. Nothing is of less consequence than a Japanese naval statistic-unless it is a Russian, German or Italian statistic. (Copyright, Klnc Features. Inc.) TROUSERS ARE STOLEN HUNTINGTON, W. Va., (ff, While the Rev. J. C. Bucklej' was out in pajamas and overcoat to help fight a fire which destroyed his church, a thief stole his trous- ersfrom his home, he ,told police. THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 130 DEMANDS DY ITALIANS REDUCED KENNEDY WILL REPRESENTS. AT CORONATION Record Crowd of More Than 35,000 Expected for Sunday Ceremonies VATICAN CITY, flP}--For the first time a president of the United States will be represented officially at the crowning of Â· a pope when Pius XII on Sunday receives his triple tiara amid scenes of medieval splendor on the loggia of St. Peter's basilica. , The Â· American ambassador to London, Joseph Kennedy, is due in Home Saturday as the official American representative at the ceremony which is expected to draw the largest crowd ever assembled in the eternal city. Vatican authorities expect more than 350,000 persons to jam St. Peter's piazza and open spaces beyond to witness the coronation. Forty-five thousand may sit or stand inside the vast church throughout the five-hour pontifical mass preceding the coronation. Will Be Broadcast . It will be the first time in nearly 100 years that a pope has been crowned outside St. Peter's. The late Piux XI was crowned inside the basilica but, after the lateran accord, by which Italy and the church reconciled their differences, he made his first appearance on the balcony in 1929. The coronation mass and ceremony will be broadcast to the world, also for the first time. Forty foreign missions -are to attend. -' Â·Former King Alfonso XIII of Spain may attend. ,-In.Â·addition Â·to-the"usual- iribu? rials erected'inside'th't'basilica for formal occasions to seat the Pope's family, the nobility, diplomats and Roman aristocracy, there will be a special stand for the foreign missions. Will Use High Throne Two other tribunals are being set up in the basilica for distinguished witnesses. At the moment when the glittering jewel-studded golden tri- rengo or triple tiara is placed on his head by the dean of cardinal deacons, Caccia Dominion!, the Holy Father will be seated on a specially built throne some 60 feet above the vast throng. For his safety it will have iron railings. Before the crown is placed, the cardinal deacon will have handed to the pontiff the pallium, or white wool scarf, in a ceremonial tracing its origin to Old Testament times.. The pallium represents the mantle which fell from Elijah's shoulders onto Elisha. Will Receive 25 Coins It has been the custom, at another part of the ceremony, to present the new pontiff with a white silk purse containing 25 coins, "the customary offering for a mass well sung," in recognition of his participation in the coronation mass. Notwithstanding that the coronation occurs in Lent, the traditional joy ot the occasion is such that all participants in the solemn rites will be dressed in full costumes prescribed for gala events. The doors of St. Peters will be opened at 6 a. m. (11 p. m., CST, Saturday) and the pontifical mass will begin about 8:15 a. m. (1:15 a. m., C. S. T.). Wad low Gives Testimony ; . Ih.afspecial chair made especially for him, Robert Wad low sits in a St. Joseph, Mo., courlroom, where his'Â§100,000. libel suit'against Dr. Charles Humbrcd of Bernard,-Mo,, is being heard. The Alton III.; giant, who is 8 feet 8/. inches-tall and 21 years old, is talking with one of his lawyers, HI. E. Newell. Contrast the difference in their sizes. * * * * * * * Â« Â· Â¥ ' , * * . * Â« Â¥ * News Reels Shown to Jury to Depict Wadlow Character Giant Sues Doctor Who Wrote He Was "Surly, Unfriendly" Judges Called on to Define Defense in Espionage Case LOS ANGELES, UR--For the first' time since congress passed the espionage act during World war days, a judge was called upon Friday to define "national defense" under its provisions. The ruling vitally affects the fate of two men and a woman accused of espionage to aid Russia. It will also indirectly valuate counter-espionage activities of the United States. Hafis Salich, an Americanized Russian, former naval intelligence attache, admitted handing over secret reports to Mikhail Gorin, a soviet travel agent The defense contended the reports dealt only with the Japanese and therefore did not endanger this country's national defense; hence no espionage was committed. Judge Ralph Jenney will clarify the matter in his final instructions to a federal court jury of middle-aged businessmen and industrial leaders who must decide the fate of Salich, Gorin, and the latter's blond Russian wife Natasha. Â· ST. JOSEPH, Mo., (Li.fi)--The news reels were used Friday in an .effort to convince a federal jury that Robert P. Wadlow, the Alton, 111., giant, was not libeled when Dr. Charles Humbert! wrote that he was "apathetic, surly and unfriendly." \Vadlow is suing Dr. Humberd, nationally known authority on giantism, for $100,000. The case probably will reach the jury-late Friday. Adjourn to Theater The principals in the case, the jury, Judge Merrill E. Otis and court attaches Friday adjourned to a theater for the defense's showing of excerpts from several news reels. Hundreds of persons who jammed about the theater were disappointed when informed they could not enter for the free show. After the jurors had seen pictures of-Wadlow at hume, celebrating a birthday, playing basketball, as a Boy Scout, working with a circus and seeing the sights in New York, they returned to the jury room for the closing phases of the case. Dr. Humberd told the jury giantism had been his hobby for 16 years and that his library on the subject went back to the year 1514. He owns two of the three skeletons of giants that are in this country- Had Measured Wadlow "There are 17 giants in the United . States now that I know of." he testified. "They are all friends of mine: My files contain clinical information on giants from all over the world." Dr. Humberd said Wadlow allowed him to take measurements of his head, arms, legs and neck but charged him 50 cents to take his picture. He said Wadlow's parents did not directly oppose the examination, but did refuse to Rober allow him to examine again the next day. 2 Other Giants Testify : 'I never bore any malice to ward Robert at any time," hi_ said. "I regard him as the most extraordinary example of giant- ism I have ever seen, and in my opinion everything in the article I wrote is true." Two other giants, Texas Jack Earle, 7 feet 6 incnes, and Glenn Hyder, a mere 7-footer, testified Thursday that Dr. Humberd was known among giants as probably the best informed man in the country on giantism. They said he was well regarded by all the over-sized men they knew. 14,000 MADRID REBELS GIVE UP TO MIAJA RULE Tanks Smash Way Through Revolters; Franco Outside Walls MADRID, (#) -- Mechanized army units summoned to the aid of General Jose Miaja's government Friday smashed their way with tanks into Plaza Manuel Becerra, strategic square on the east side of Madrid, crushing communist revolters in their path. There was no indication immediately of the number of casualties but it was announced officially that 14,000 rebellious. soldiers had surrendered since Thursday. General Miaja's supporters asserted they had uprooted "most" of the communist nests which had been holding out, including the hiding places of communist snipers who had been firing at the approaching loyal troops. (Apparently the only means of determining the extent of the uprising which started Monday were the official announcements of various "surrenders." (Communists, demanding diehard resistance to nationalist General Francisco Franco, fomented the vrai--within-a-war a g a i n s t their republican co-defendefs of Madrid after Miaja's council took control and sought an "honorable peace.") Seized Vantage Pointy The troops called by'Miaja from the Valencia zone occupied and disarmed communist outposts as they marched into Madrid. The rebels had seized various vantage points in Madrid, in effec layinig siege'to various areas ant -isolating./, many--., supporters .-.-o: Miaja'. " ' Â· Â· Â· ' Â· Â· ' : Communist soldiers challenged civilian pedestrians and askec them, "whom do you support Negrin or Casado?" (Former Premier Juan Negrin, advocate of bitter-end resistance, was oustec early Sunday by a defense council uprising led by General Segis- mundo Casado.) 'Trapped Between Fire Any soldier issuing such a challenge disclosed himself immediately as a revolter against Miaja anc pedestrians either fled or remained, according to their sympathies. The troops moving up to Madrid into Plaza Manuel Becerra apparently trapped many communists between republican fire from in front and behind. The Miaja cabinet announced that numerous political hostages had been found imprisoned in the communist nests a'nd immediate! released. F. R. Says First Estimates of Relief Needs Hold Good Special Message to Be Sent Monday or Stassen Plans to Call Conference on Raising Farm Income ST. PAUL, CU.fi--Gov. Harold E. Stassen said he planned calling a conference of farm leaders and midwest governors soon in an attempt to draft a plan designed to raise agricultural income. The governor, speaking before the annual convention of the Land O'Lakes creameries, said the convention would not be held, however, until after the legislature had adjourned. "Farm income must be increased," Stassen said, "before Â·un- employment and its allied problems can be eliminated." FSCC Stops Buying Butter on Open Mart CHICAGO, (P)--Wholesale butter prices dropped 1% to 1% cents a pound Friday in their second session since the Federal Surplus C o m m o d ities corporation announced that "for the time being" it had discontinued buying butter on the open market. Pins, Buttons and Clips Removed From Stomach of Baby C H I C A G O , U.R) -- Eightcer months old Joanne Worth fel better Friday because doctor found out what it was she ate tha "didn't agree with her." With th aid of a bronchosoope, doctors re moved from her stomach: Four open safety pins. Two buttons. Two hair clips. One celluloid bar pin. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Probably occasional rai Friday night and Saturday; rtsin temperature Friday night and i cast and south portions Saturday MINNESOTA: Cloudy, probabl occasional snow or rain in eas portion Friday night and Saiur day and in west portion Frida nigrht; rising temperature in eas and south-central portions an somewhat colder in Red Rive valley Friday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistic! Maximum Thursday 3 Minimum Thursday night 2 At 8 a. m. Friday 2 YEAR AGO: Maximum 3 Minimum 2 Youth Sits on Bridge Span, Demanding Job /^T.'cnnrT A-\TT^ ni m ^T: *,,,,.. \-i *..., . . . Jr. . . *--* CLEVELAND, CU.R)--Nineteen year old Ray Stana perched himself 100 feet above traffic on a bridge span Friday and said he would not come down "until somebody gives me a job." Stana read and took it easy at his perch. He leaned over helpfully and lifted a corner of one of his ear-muffs toward a reporter who sought to interview him, but the traffic roar was too much. A cameraman climbed the arch where Stana crouched. Few persons saw Sfana, almost hidden by the bridge's interlacing girders. The first word of his presence came from a friend. Seymour Sidney Seymour, 18, said Stana had told ..._Â· ' '*$. . him two weeks ago that if h didn't find work soon he woul climb the Detroit-Superior hig level bridge and sit on its to until he did. "I thought he was kiddin then." Seymour said, "but la night he said he was going to start today and that if I didn't believe it to come and see. "When I arrived, he was up there already." Tuesday to Congress AVASH1NGTON, (ff)_President Roosevelt said Friday that his riginal relief estimates of early anuary still held good. The chief executive would not tate, however, whether this meant that in a special relief message lo be sent to congress ither Monday or Tuesday he vould insist upon a supplemental VPA appropriation of 8150,000,00. About 850,000 needy persons .re now on WPA waiting lists iver the country, Mr. Roosevelt xplained. He said that this was n increase of about 100,000 over the number on the waiting list 'an. 3. Had Expected Increase This increase, he said, was predictable and he had expected it because of economic conditions vhich prevail in January and Pebruary. As of Jan. 3, the president continued, he had expected that about 300,000 persons would be :ut off relief rolls by July 1, the jeginning of the new fiscal year. Since there are 3,850,000 either on the rolls or on waiting lists, ic explained, the total as of July 1 should be around 3,530,000. Confers With Group The p r e s i d e n t , meanwhile, summoned members of the house appropriations subcommittee to -he white house to discuss his forthcoming request for additional money for WPA. The group is headed by Chairman Taylor (D., Colo.) Mr. Roosevelt has asked for an additional $150,000,000 to operat. WPA until July 1, but has indicated the figure might be change! in the light of latest reports. BiH.ifiuU. .to. .Keolttce Senator Byrd CD-Va.)', discuss ing the" subject with reporters said: "There is only one place tha any money can be saved thi year, and that is in the large expenditures not represented in the regular budget, such as relief." Byrd pointed out that mos budget estimates already had been presented to congress and that from a practical standpoin this made it more difficult to obtain reductions. He indicated, nevertheless, tha economy advocates later migh propose a blanket percentage cut Forced to Cut WPA The difficulty that Mr. Roosevelt would encounter in any attempt to reduce relief expenditures was highlighted Thursday by a statement from Col. F. C Harrington, WPA administrator that unless congress grants Â§150,- 000,000 by April 1 he would be forced to begin drastic reductions in relief rolls. He said that the more than 3,000,000 persons now on the rolls might have to be reduced to 2, 000,000 and that even if congres voted the $150,000,000, the reductions would have to go forwart at the rate of 150,000 a month. One of the leaders in the econ omy movement. Senator Harrison (D-Miss.), said after a confer cnce at the white house Thurs day that Mr. Roosevelt was "in thorough sympathy with efforts to reduce government spending if it could be done." IOWA BEVERAGE TEST IS HEAR Drastic Amendments on Beer Bill Offered to Representatives (More Legislative News on Pages 2, 14) DBS MOINES, (ff) -- Drastic amendments to the beer bill and possible committee action on a 'liquor by the drink measure" stirred opposing legislative forces nto action Friday as the Iowa louse neared a test on the alco- lolic beverage problem. Representative Robert C. Reilly (D), Dubuque, filed an amendment striking all the beer bill after the enacting clause and substituting a measure allowing city councils full discretion in the number of class B permits that they might issue. The bill now limits councils to one permit for each 750 population. Reilly said his measure has the support of the Iowa tavern keepers organization. Roan Seeks Approval Representative Philip F. Roan (R), Fort Madison, house liquor control committee chairman, announced he would seek committee i.'proval Friday of a modifiec local option" liq.uor-by-the-drink bill. Already on the calendar is an option bill, but of another sort The latter measure, by Representative H. K. Morrow (R), Hopkinton, applies the principle only to sale of beer and to the operatic: of liquor stores. It would continue the presen ban on sale of liquor by the drink Representative Herman Knud son-(R), Mason 'City,-oh the othe har- " proposed to tighten the re Â·*Â·Â·Â·.' aons- in the present beer bil v' Against Class C Permits Reilly's bill also would eiiminat class C permits, issued for "off the premises" consumption sales would reduce the proposed danci floor minimum from 1,000 to 801 square feet for class "B" taverns would permit operation of suburban beer parlors, and would allov, roadhouses and filling stations t sell the beverage. Unsuccessful in an outrigh elimination attempt, legislative foes of the Iowa planning boarL Friday laid plans to attack the uni again in the coming financial de liberations of the general assem. bly. , ' The Iowa senate Thursday de feated a bill to abolish the plan' ning unit when the opposition drummed up only 24 votes agains PITT STUDENTS MAKE PROTEST Group Demonstrates, in Strike Effort;' Professor Uses Fists PITTSBURGH, (fP)--A group of University'of Pittsburgh students demonstrated noisily for several hours Friday, shouting and parading into class rooms in an effort to stampede the student body into a one-day strike. A majority of classes remained in session. Dr. James C. Charlesworth, 39 year old professor, led a counter movement with his fists that sent demonstrators fleeing from his political science classroom. Dr. Charlesworth broke his glasses. A statement by a self-styled "student spokesman" said the pupils were expressing disagreement over the "administrative policy" of the university, and that it was "not a football matter." Some of the signs carried by the strikers, however, protested the resignation of Dr. John Bain Sutherland as football coach. the agency, tr 10 on the othe: side. A bill must receive a consti tutional majority, or 26 votes, t pass the senate. It would taki permission of two-thirds of the upper house to reconsider the voti by which the bill failed. Faces Appropriations Group Eight republicans sided will the 32 senate democrats to defea t the proposal. The board now must run th gamut of the appropriations com mittee if it is to have sufficien funds with which to operate fo the next two years. Even the board's friends concede that lining up financial support for the ARRIVES IN WASHINGTON WASHINGTON, (;P)--Ed Birmingham, state democratic chairman in Iowa, arrived here for a stay of "several days" but declined to comment on any business he hoped to transact while in the capital. agency ccdure. will be a difficult pro- LOOK INSIDE FOR- EUGENE WEIDJIANN Trial on Charge of Murdering Six Begins PAGE 2 64 Employed on WPA Projects in Mitchell PAGE 8 Mason City Wins in First Cage Meet Bid PAGES OPTIMISM FELT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCHGROUPS Chamberlain to Sound Out Sentiment for Arms Limit Conference LONDON, (U.PJ--Italy at last has officially formulated her terri- orial demands on France, in a note presented to the French gov- trnment on Wednesday, a usually rustworthy diplomatic source said Friday- The note was said to include a statement of Italy's claims to rights in the port of Djibouti in French SqmalUand and the railway leading from the port to Addis Ababa,'and, also to Italian minority rights in Tunis. Cause Feeling of Relief Information here suggested that :he proposals are less drastic than the "Tunis, Nice, Corsica" demonstration in the Italian chamber of deputies in December and the ut- Lerances in the Italian press since that time have indicated. The information caused a feeling of relief here and strengthened the belief that Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain intends to sound out opinion in world capitals soon on holding an arms limitation conference. It was reported that he sought first to negotiate an air force Â· limitation agreement with the principal European powers and then to widen negotiations to include the United States and other world powers. Report Wave of Optimism It was intimated in inspired, quarters that he hoped'to discuss limitation of all sorts of t'arma- ments in the hig conference and to include economic problems; This Â·.would-.mean discussing Ger- ?.: many's colonial claims as /part bt a general European appeasement agreement. A wave of optimism, for which diplomatic quarters sought in vain to find the reason, seemed to be sweeping Great Britain and France alike as regards the general European political outlook. Chamberlain, particularly, was represented as believing that the prospective end of the Spanish civil war would improve the situation materially. He said thae Benito Mussolini's claims against France for concessions in colonial Africa would be much more limited than was originally indicated. Will Issue Invitations AH London newspapers carried inspired articles Friday morning reporting Chamberlain's hope of calling .an armament limitation conference. It was intimated in well informed quarters that the prime minister intended to issue invitations to a military airplane limitation conference as soon as the Italian-French difficulties h a d been ended, provided his soundings of capitals were encouraging. He seemed to have reason to think that they would be. The plan for arms limitation conferences was disclosed apparently as part of a considered program which started with debates on army and air force estimates in the house of commons. Stresses French Support In the army debate Wednesday War Secretary Leslie Hore-Belisha disclosed that in the event of a European war, Great Britain "iÂ£ necessary" would send an expeditionary force of 19 divisions or more--anywhere from 170,000 to 300,000 men--to France. In the air force debate Sir Kingsley Wood, air minister, described the remarkable speed up of British plant production and then said: "I do not want there to be any misconception regarding our strategic policy. We have not abandoned our traditional reliance on. the value of the counter-offensive as an essential element of our air strategy. A powerful striking force is a vital component of any sound system oE air defense." Could Send Bombing Fleets This meant, in simpler words, that in event of war Britain was prepared to send bombing fleets to strike at enemy cities. Sir Kingsley said that the government was organizing air force reserves in East Africa, at Singapore, and at Hong Kong. Similarly, Hore-Belisha in announcing plans for a British expeditionary force to France disclosed that the government was organizing strategic reserve armies in Palestine and India. Discussing air force expansion, Sir Kingsley said that the government expected to receive 650 military airplanes from United States factories this year. By next year, he said, it was hoped that airplanes would be delivered from new Canadian factories. He added: "There, at any rate, we have the beginnings of a great development and what may well prove to be an invaluable supplement to our production,"