The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 8, 1944 · Page 1
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February 8, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 8, 1944
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCMITMCNT or *°* f H I S T O R Y ANfj A R C H I V E S OES HOINCS I A MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHftORS HOME EDITION [TTTTTTl Associated Pie* and Unltrt Press Full Leued Wires (Five Cents a Copyi MASON CITS, IOWA, TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 8, 1944 Thi« Paper Consist! of Two Sections--Section One IRTINQUOTA !F WAR BONDS jKnutMB Makes Plea 1 for Purchases Before I Campaign Ends Feb. 15 [ e i T O Gordo county is just prt of SO .per cent of its quota J the 4th war loan drive, Chair- in Clarence A. Knutson, Clear ke, v reported , Tuesday. Total ' s, he. said, are 51,971,875.75. : quota, is $2,497,000. . : \As will be seen'by'the report, lie of the farmers in the town- ps have 'not 'responded. as they Juld," the chairman stated. "We sure- that they want to do part and we believe that will go to their banks this ; and do it., Surely no township will let ; boys down at a time of .this ', Remember, this is our, war: ; of us have the right'to stand p and expect somebody else do our'part for. iis." 'he 'drive ends Feb. 15, Mr. nutson pointed but, urging that e job-be done immediately. ilThe report by townships, towns rid cities was as follows: Reds Capture Nikopol and Cut Down Trapped Germans NO. UK London, (IF) -- The red army has* liquidated the German bridgehead at Nikopol, driving the Germans from their last i stronghold east of the Dnieper river, and has captured the city/ of Nikopol itself I on the right bank of the river, Moscow ' announced T u e s d a y night. · · In 2 orders of the day, Marshal Stalin said the Russian army in the Dnieper bend had defeated 7 German infantry divisions to clear a bridgehead 72 miles wide and 21 miles deep, and then gene on to seize Nikopol, important managnese center across the Dnieper. The mines of the Nikopol area produce most of the , manganese, a steel-hardening element, that has been used by the German war machine.- Hence the defenders of the area have fought bitterly to retain their hold. , ' · · · ' . ' * CUT DOWN GERMANS CAUGHT IN TRAP M a s con-, T h e situation (Township ant ' . . . . . . jincoln . . . JSme Creek |Wls' . ear Lake . Ijason .'· prtland nion . . ' - , . . . - . ' . Itount Vernon .. ath ..:..'. (wen . : . . . - . . . . . rimes . . . . . . ; . peasant Valley . enesep . . . F . ··· · longherty . . (Township Total Towns ' ck Falls . .: :kwe!l entura lymouth horntph ... |eservey laledale [Town-.Total ... Lake ,, fason City Amount 5 33.606.25 16,918.75 10.037.50 3.712.50 29.949.00 34.377.00 15,475.00 9,525.00 23.293.75 17,612.50 25.737.30 · 9.«56.25 11:350.00 14.131.00 8,550.00 9,100.00 S 273.332.00 Amount .- S 693.75 29.069.25 10.393.7S ' 206.25 ahon purchases, _ 2,587.50 · 8.800.00 S 74,268.50 154,483.25 1,163,792.00 confronting 15 ' German divisions trapped in the Dnieper bend grew steadily more desperate Tuesday as the red army cut down thousands of the axis troops and narrowed the circles of death arounri the enemy forces at Nikopol and Cherkasy. -. , As the bewildered fascists fell back before the soviet onslaught, other troops of Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky's 3rd Ukrainian army came to crips with the remnants of 5 fast-tlrinr divisions effectively trapped in the Dnieper marshlands outside the city. One hundred miles north of Ni- kopol the 1st and 2nd Ukrainian armies under Gens. Nikolai Va- tutin and Ivan S: Konev reduced the nazi-held Cherkasy pocket to approximately 40 square miles by capturing 5-fortitied towns wiilnn its outer; fringe. The Russians planted their artillery within shelling range of German airfields which heretofore had offered the sole means of escape to survivors of the 100,000 troops originally penned in this Russian death trap. On the northern end of the 1,200 mile long front troops of GenV M. M. Popov's second Baltic army captured 80 settlements nortli and northwest . of. Novosokolniki, a Russian. communique said, and posed an immediate threat to the German-held Pskov-Warsaw,trunk railway , One soviet- force pushed" down U, S, GALLS ON FINNS TO QUIT Hull Advises Finland Make Peace With Reds Washington, (UP.)-- T h e United Stales /has; renewed its warnings to Fi/land that it must make peace with the soviet union and Britain or face the consequences, Secretary of State Cordell Hull told a press conference Tuesday. The warning had previously been reported from Stockholm to have been 'sent within the past 2 weeks. It was in answer to questions - about the Stockholm dispatches that Hull made his statement. The American government, he said, 'has recently taken occasion to say to 'the Finnish government that the responsibility' for the Consequences of Finland's collaboration with Germany and continuance in a state of war with a number of our allies, including the soviet union and the British commonwealth of nations, must NAVY REVEALS 2 SUBMARINES BELIEVED LOST Presumed to Have Been .Operating in Pacific Waters Against Japs Nazi Plane Kills 26 in U. S. Hospital Washington, )'- -- Loss of American submarines, the Cisco and the S-44. was announced Tuesday^ by the navy. : With Allied Invasion 'Forces South of Rome, Feb. 7, (U,R)~A German airplane divebombed an I American evacuation hospital on this beachhead Monday, killing 26 and wounding 43 persons including a number of army nurses. The dead included 2 women nurses. 4 doctors, 4 wounded [doughboys who just had been 2 . carried in from the front, and 16 ilistcd men attached to the hos- 'tal unit. The 43 wounded included Waves of Nazi Airplanes Attack Allies Below Rome be born solely government. by the Finnish [Irs. Roosevelt May lake Caribbean Trip IfVashinrton. (U.PJ--Mrs. Franklin pbsevelt said Tuesday that she -, considering a trip to the .Car- Jbean area to . visit army and l.vy'bases. REDS WARN "HOUR OF RETRIBUTION IS NEAR" Stockholm,. (U.R)--The U n i t e d States formally has advised Finland to make peace with Russia, reliable sources said Tuesday as radio Moscow warned -'that' the "hour of retribution" was near for Adolf Hitler's northern partner. the" grad to capture Cholovo, 22 miles north of the rail junction of Ba- tetskaya "and 'Pelkbvo, ~ 18 miles northeast 'of Luga, .strategic; base on: the Leningrad-Pskov 'railway, ,the Russian war bulletin said. Reports that Finland was resurveying the possibilities of a separate peace coincided with Moscow dispatches emphasizing hat the 2 100-plane red air force aids on Helsinki Sunday night ind early Monday were only a oretaste of what awaited Fin- and. Some Russian reports implied that the Soviets no longer vould consider a separate peace with Finland. Three more air alarms were sounded in Helsinki between noon and 11 p. m. Monday, but no ·aids developed. However, Helsinki dispatches-told of long jue- les of^ refugeesT forming-at sta- :ions for trains to the cduntry and said-the evacuation, of _ all children under 6 was expected to be ordered Tuesday, fomber Sinks German jb in South Atlantic EkVashincton, (ff)--Roaring on to lack despite being struck by }ivy anti-aircraft fire, a United f.tes navy consolidated Catalina iber sank a German submarine he south Atlantic "some months ," the navy reported Tuesday. I Survivors of . the U-boat's crew ·subsequently were picked up by Ithe U. S. S. Siren, a converter ·yacht acting as patrol vessel un- I'der command of Lt. Commdr. ICharles K. Post, 47 Bayport, Long ^Island,-NJ Y. The survivors had 'been adrift for 16 days in life rafts ' efore they were located. - SOLDIER VOTE [SENT TO HOUSE Washington, 0V)--The s e n a t e I sent the soldier-vote · controversy Iback. to .the house Tuesday after ·the administration succeeded in latta'ching its federal ' b a l l o t ·proposal to the house - approved ["state's rights" bill for service |by a 46 to 40 division. Final action on the house bill [\vas th'en taken without ii record vote. -If the house declines to accept Ithe revised measure, the issue will ||go to a conference committee of senate and house members in an feffort to draft a compromise ac- cptablc to both branches of congress. [Weather Report FORECAST [Mason City: Snow Tuesday night and Wednesday; cooler Wednesday. Lowest temperature Tuesday in Mason'City 25. |lowa: Partly cloudy to cloudy and slightly colder Tuesday night; .Wednesday partly cloudy and not much change in temperature. ffinnesota: Occasional light snow Tuesday night, becoming fair Wednesday. Colder Tuesday night, and continued cold Wednesday. Wind 15 to 20 miles per hour, diminishing Tuesday night. IN MASON CITY Slobe-GazeUe weather statistics: SINK 34 JAP COASTALBARGES Aussies Within 16 Miles of Yanks on Peninsula Advanced Allied Headquarters, New Guinea, (U.R).--Allied planes sank 34 Japanese barges and 1 coastal vessel, and left 4 ships in flames.at Wewak and Hansa bay, on New Guinea's northern coast, it was announced Tuesday, as Australian troops on ,the Huon peninsula drove to within 16 air miles of a junction with American forces. · '.- . A communique disclosed the new attacks against enemy New Guinea supply lines as an army spokesman reported that the Japanese apparently had evacuated the Cape Gloucester arta of Ken Britain. Fighter-escorted Mitchell and Boston bombers raided Wewak and Hansa bay Sunday in the 2nt consecutive day of the offensive against the 2 bases, 300 miles apart. ' More than 30 barges were destroyed and a 2,000 ton freighter 2 small cargo vessels arid a cor- vet were set afire at Wewak and 4 enemy planes were shot "down A coastal vessel and 4 barges were sunk by the raiders at Hansa bay. One allied plane was lost to anti-aircraft fire. One enemy plan was shot down. Down the coast, Australian ground forces were driving toward a junction with American forces which would trap any Japanese troops still holding out in the section, the army spokesman said. The Australians have advanced to Lepsius point, near the Japanese barge depot of Gali. and were meeting little resistance in their push toward American positions in the Saidor area, 55 miles southeast of the Japanese base at Jila- dang. The submersibles both presumably were operating in Pacific waters where American submarines have been taking a heavy toll of Japanese shipping. Their, losses bring to 19 the number of American undersea craft lost since the war started. Against those losses our submarines have sunk, probably sunk or damaged 572 Japanese vessels, including warships. The navy gave no details in announcing' the loss of the IS year old S-44' and the big, new Cisco, \vhich was commissioned last May. ' Commander James W. Coe. Richmond, Ind., skipper of the Cisco, was listed as' missing action. The Cisco was one o£ the newest. type American submarines. She had a displacement of 1,525 tons and carried a crew of approximately 65 men. U. Com.. Frencis E. Brown skippered the old S-41. which had a displacement of only 830 tons. She carried a crew of about 45 men. Brown, listed'as missing in action, had given his official address as'Reno, Nev. His wife now lives-at Lone Beach, Cal. Loss of the»2 submarines brings to 141 the number of Unitec States naval vessels lost since the beginning of the war. 'Georgie Porgie" Is Flyer; Doesn't Like Name Any More ' Council Bluffs, f/r*)--"Georgie Porgie" is an army air c o r p s trainee now and, he doesn't want to be known as "Georgie Porgie" any more. That was the substance of a Maximum Monday 31 Minimum Monday night 20 At 8 a. m'. Tuesday 29 Snow Trace AGO: Maximum 32 Minimum - 3 6 Italian Ships in Spanish Ports Released London, (IP)--Six out of 7 Italian ships in metropolitan S p a n i s h ports have been released and 3 have sailed, it was announced officially Tuesday. The release of the 6 ships which had been in Spanish ports occurred after the Duke of Alba, Spanish ambassador to London, returned to Madrid a week ago. The action was regarded here as an indication that British-American p r e s s u r e on Spain for strict neutrality was bringing results. suit filed in district court here Tuesday by Alfred Francis Savage, 19, who wants to enjoin the Georgie Porgie company of Council Bluffs from using his picture taken when he was about 5, on the boxes of cereal and other products marketed by the company. Use of the .picture, which shows Savage as a smiling little boy decked out gaily in cowboy clothes, "is embarrassing and humiliating and becomes more so as time goes and he becomes older and more mature," the petition asserted. The suit was brought for the son by his father. Richnrd D. Savage, Council Bluffs^ former president or the Georgie Porgie company. The picture is registered in Washington as the company trade mark, and as a child "Georgie -Porgie" toured the country making public appearances and singing on radio programs. Defendants in the suit are Rudolph F., Alexina and Richard Willey, who have operated the company since 1940. The petition, which alleges they do not have permission to use the pic- turej charges its use is "a violation of the right of privacy." Eno of Sheffield Is Named Vice President of Experiment Station Ames. JP)--Julius Black, Ames, Tuesday held the office of president of the Iowa agricultural experiment station, succeeding Milford Beeghley. Pierson. Black was-elected at the group's annual meeting here Monday, one of the agricultural meetings held on the Iowa State campus during farm and home week. William Eno. Sheffield, was elected vice president and. Joe Robinson, Ames, re-elected secretary-treasurer. REED SEEKING RENOMINATION Re-Election Candidate .to Commerce Position Des Moines--Carl W Reed o Crescp, ^announced Tuesday tha he js a~candiaaTe"'on the~ republican ticket for renormnation as Iowa State Commerce commissioner. He : is; now serving his firs ;term as cpmmisisoneiv h a v i n g served as chairman during the past 2 years." Pieed was born in Cresco, whicl has always been his home. A lawyer by profession, he has served a city attorney of Cresco, county attorney of Howard county, state senator from the Howard-Winne shiek senatorial district, judge o the district court, 13th judicial dis trict; and was elected commcrci commissioner in 1940. He is married, and has 3 chil dren; June, now living in Chicago Henry in the army and Richard in the navy. Willkie Tentatively Plans Des Moines Visit Salt Lake City, (if)-- Wendell Willkie, republican candidate for president, has made tentative plans to visit Des Moines, but the date is uncertain. Clem Jones, his press representative.,said Monday as the Willkie party stopped here on a tour of the .north west. CARL \V. REED --Seeking Re-Election n ozen women nurses, 1 of whom lay be dying. Two others were i grave condition. The German dive bomber, which yewilnesses -said came as low as 00 feet, dropped 8 small person- el bombs, which sent shrapneh 'hislling through the hospital cnts, including 2 receiving tents, evacuation tent, 2 ward tents, 1 -ray tent and 1 operating tent in ·Inch several .operations were nder way at the time. The shrapnel also perforated a umber of tents where women uises who had been on night uty were sleeping. Three ambulances also were hit y shrapnel. (In Washington the war depart- nent said the nurses were the irst to lose their lives through died enemy action in this war.) There apparently was not the emotest reason to doubt t h a t it vas a deliberate attack. Anti-personnel bombs landed at he very edge of the Red Cross surmounting the hospital) which s 45 meet square with bars B feet Hickenlooper Candidate for Nomination to U. S. Senate Des Monies. (JP)-~Cov. B. B. Hickenlooper announced Tuesday that he would be a candidate for the republican nomination for United States senator at the June 5 primaries. Now in his first term as governor, he seeks the post which Guy M. Gillette of Cherokee, democrat, has held since'1936. Gillette has said he would not seek re-election, but members of his party hope to persuade him to run again. Hickenlooper, 47, is the first veteran, of World war I to become governor of Iowa. He was lieutenant governor 4 years, and state representative from Linn county 4 years. His home is at Cedar Rapids. In a statement announcing his candidacy, the governor said: '·If I am nominated and elected it is my purpose to take to Washington the independent vision and determination of Iowa; to work for the re-establishment of efficient, sound and progressive government out of the chaos, confusion and fumbling disorder of national internal administration that now engulfs us." Outlining issues which he said would be "amplified and discussed during the campaign," rs 6 feet Hickenlooper continued.' GOV. B. HICKENLOOPER --Candidate for Senate NO STATE TAX ON REA GO-OPS State Supreme Court Hands Down Ruling Des Monies, (Ff)--The state supreme court ruled Tuesday that rural electric co-operatives can not be taxed by the state because they are non-profit corporations. The opinion was unanimous. The court held that such co-operatives qualified for an exemption from state~taxes provided in Iowa statutes for corporations not organized or operated for profit.- The court also held that that exemption was not repealed by implication by an act of the 1941 legislature. That act provided that REA co-operatives should be exempt from stale taxes during 1341 and 1942 and that after Jan. 1, organizations. The court's ruling placed the co-operatives in the group or organizations exempt from state levies. - , ; % llm. There was not a single major nilitary objective within a mile adius or the hospital. There also yei-e 3 other hospitals-- all equally ilainly marked with Red Crosses --Jammed up against the victim if the attack, making it literally mpossible to mistake the sector or any other but hospital zone. ''One of the planes came in quite ow across the whole hospital n-ea," said Cpl. JcfC Young, 24, o£ Dayton, Ohio, who had just walked sut of his tent as the planes came n. "That pilot knew what he was ioing all right-- he seemed to aim at the Red Cross. I dived for a foxhole and just made it." Lt. Col. Howard Patterson, chief surgeon, was performing a brain operation when the bombs struck. So one' was injured in the operating-tent but" its : canv«i was liber- »Uy riddled. He finished the operation. Only anti-personnel bombs were dropped. There was some doubt whether the planes did any strafing. Some said they did, others said they didn't. The noise of antiaircraft guns made it hard to tell. When the attack was over, the entire surviving personnel of the hospital went into action. Nurses worked with courageous efficiency which won the praise of officers and men. "You couldn't get me to go home now," said Lt. Gladys Joyce of Duluth. Minn., as a weary group of nurses stood around a tattered tent at dusk. "Of course they knew what they were doing." [\Jnn.n {-\rt1m T-CfTf^'.K iazis \_iaim unusn Bombed Red Cross Ship London, (IP) -- Berlin radio declared Tuesday that 6 British planes bombed and machine- gunned the 900-ton Swedish Red Cross ship Wjril in a harbor o£ the Aegean island of Chios Monday, killing a Dr. Nielson. Swedish Red Cross representative, and members of the Swedish crew. KILLED BY PROPELLOR Ottumwa, U.R) -- Ensign Robert Peterson. 23. son ol Mrs. Charles Peterson, Seattle. Wash., was killed Mo7it]ay when lie wa c struck by an airplane propellor, public relations officers of the Ottumwa naval air station announced Tuesday. "I will continue to give every support in my power to our armed forces for the complete de-. struction of the axis powers and ust and full punishment for the axis outlaws of civilization. "Our service men and women must be brought home to a free American system and be re-established in respectable, independent jobs at the earliest possible time consistent with complete, final victory and national safety. We must meet our obligations to the disabled. "Our country must lake a leading part in bringing about strong. enforceable international a g r e e - ments among the nations ol the world to outlaw and prevent aggression arid preparation therefore. .';'' - ' . . . ' . r '···"··· . ·'; : - "We "ihust^have 1 -- a .permanent program for agriculture, free from politics,- that will assure reliable and fair market prices for products and conservation of our soil with a minimum of governmental interference . .· . "Iowa labor and management have each given splendid co-op-, eration in .the war effort and the same co-operative spirit should be used to good effect in Washington. "The small businessman . . . must be restored to his rightful place as the economic cornerstone of our cities and communities. "The alarming centralization of peacetime power in federal government musj be stopped anc government by bureaucratic edict ended . . .*' The governor said Iowa "has never been in better shape financially and administratively." Hickenlooper was in the army 21 months and served overseas with the field artillery in the other World war. He was graduated from Iowa State college in 1921, and from the State University of Iowa college of law in 1922. A highlight of his administration as governor was the 12- state parley on war food production and farm machinery problems here last March Mrs. Hickenlooper was the former Verna Bensch of Lansing. The children are Jane, 14, and David, 10. Buy War Savings Bonds ant Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy: Nettuno Beachhead Sure to Be Hit by Savage Attacks By WILLIAM FRYE * Washington, (ffi-- The Nettuno beachhead in Italy is sure to be hit by a savage and powerful German counter-attack, military observers here said Tuesday, but it probably will weather the storm. Probably that is they emoha-- 'tr --- -- ~- _^______^___^__^_ sized, not certainly. There is a certain amount of uneasiness here about the situation, although as yet no evidence of alarm. S u c h an attitude naturally raises the question: Why didn't the troops who achieved tactical surprise and brilliant success in their landings thrust quickly into the interior, slashing German communications and occupying the heights -- why are they now in the position of merely consolidating their beachhead against expected counter-attack? The answers, from various quarters, reach into the whole campaign in Italy, but can be fairly well pinned down to one word -- supply. Anzio and Nettuno provide no port facilities worthy the' name -the supply is by barge and landing boat literally across the beaches, a complicated job at best and particularly so when the weather is bad. as it has been part of the time. The decision for the allies ap- pears to have been between playing their luck and striking ou boldly as soon as they rollcc ashore, or discounting luck and establishing a firm base before making a real effort to advance. Their luck probably would not have been good enough. Observers here said "We're up against crack German outfits in Italy. Anybody else would have pullec out quick, as soon as we came ashore there, but those boys don't scare worth a damn. Instead, they see a chance to hit us hard, anc they'll do it." There is indication that the a lies, operating with 1 i m i t e c strength in Italy, do not count Rome a sufficiently valuable prize to assume the risk of heavy casualties to get it -- they will move 35 fast as careful preparation will permit, but leave the bold slroke to commanders of larger forces, aiming at greater objectives. GLIDER BOMB WARNING GIVEN Nazi Weapon Potent Threat to Shipping By DON WHITEHEAD Naples, (^Pj--When the great in asion of the European continen egins, one of the big. responsi ilities.of the allied airforces wil e to prevent any concentrate ise by the Germans of rocket iropelled glider bombs. There Is no breach of sccatit nvolyed in siying that this new arsenal weapon of the nails is a »tent ~: threat against shipping. 'he Germans know it and the allies know it. An invasion fleet at anchor is ike a flock of sitting ducks unless ir cover can intercept the con- rol plane from which the giidcrs :re directed by radio. Anti-aircraft fire is only partly iffective against the small winged irojectiles, because they sweep down on their targets swiftly and are difficult to hit. As a matter if fact, it is usually only a lucky hit when one is stopped by ack- ack fire. The Germans used glider bombs against the invasion fleet at Sa- erno and again at Anzio during he 5th army's behind-the-lines hrust. Censorship prevented disclosure of the full effectiveness of his weapon until W i n s t o n Churchill announced its use at Salerno. Again at Anzio, correspondents -"with the landing forces were forbidden to say the Germans were using rocket bombs against shipping. A directive said no mention was to be made of ;he glider projectiles. Since then, however, these restrictions have been lifted. From descriptions pieced to- tether by several eyewitnesses, it :s learned the bomb is about 20 to 30 feel long, with tail fins acting as a stabilizer and rudder. It has a wing-read of some 15 feet and in flight it looks like a small plane. Apparently it is armor-piercing. At Salerno, one of them that hit a ship penetrated thick steel deck-plates and exploded in the craft's interior. The bomb is attached to the belly of a twin-engined Heinkel bomber, which -is equipped as a control plane. When still some distance from the target, the bomber plane's pilot releases the glider and drops the flaps on his own plane's \vinss to slow his own speed, until the bomb shoots ahead into the pilot's vision. From the time of its release, the glider apparently is controlled visually and directed by radio. The glider can make a sharp turn to swoop in on its target from the side, if necessary. Except when the control plane is in trouble from fighter attack or ack-ack, or the glider is hit by shrapnel, the bomb appeared to observers t'o be under excellent control at all times. This does not mean the rocket bombs always score a hit. They don't. Many of them fall harmlessly into the sea, either because the pilot loses control at the last minute, or because they overshoot the target. Whether the enemy can muster a large fleet of rocket-bomb glid'ers for use against an invasion is not known, but it is logical to assume--and the allied air forces must go on the assumption --that the Germans can concentrate large numbers against ,in invasion armada. And the air forces must be prepared to protect shipping Jrom this type of attack. MAJOR BATTLE NEAR AS HEAVY GUNS THUNDER Grim Fighting Goes on in Cassino; Nazis Hold 3-4ths of Town Allied Headquarters, Alfieri, IP)--Waves of German planes truck in heavy attack Monday at he allied invasion beachhead be- ow Rome, headquarters announced Tuesday, and thunderous artillery shelling continued in Jrelude to an impending maior battlc. One nazi dive-bomber hit an American evacuation hospital, tilling 26 and wounding 43 per- ons, including U. S. nurses, front dispatches said. The hospital was Jlainly, marked and lay a mile from any military target. The dead included 2 nurses, 4 doctors, 4 wounded soldiers, and 16 enlisted men of the hospital unit. Nineteen German planes w e r e shot down. American and British troops further consolidated their Dosi- lions in the bridgehead, and the Germans strengthened their force thrown around the invasion area. Patrols were active, but there were ho major land attacks by either side, headquarters added. Grim fighting continued in the streets of Cassino to the east and the mountains around the town. Despite fierce attacks by Americans who have nearly surrounded the town, the nazis still held three-quarters o£ it, and had kept open, a coridor to their rear lines. (Doughboy units have pushed within 100 yards of the summit of Mount Cassino west of the town, the Algiers radio said. The famou* BencSictirie monastery rises on the' crest lot thhffl.) ·TPive hundred Germans --"Siv«""' jeen captured by U. S. troop* in the Cassino area. The Germans Ihreu- strong re- ays of bomb-carrying Feckt- iVulfs over the Rome area beaeb- irad, and American fighter* intercepted them. Some dropped heir bombs on allied troops, but most of the formations were broken up before reaching their objectives. Headquarters disclosed the Germans had used dame-throwers, ;anks and other weapons in their last major effort against the Operations of Allies Are Not Complete Success Washington, on the allied (U.R) -- Operations beachhead below Some are not going "according to the book," a high British military authority conceded in an interview Monday night. But (he British officer, who works closely with the combined Anglo-American chiefs of staff, cautioned against criticizing the Nettuno invasion. He predicted that a day or 2 of two weather might change the entire' picture. "It would be unduly pessimis- ic to reach the conclusion that we will be thrown back into the sea," he said. "If the invasion is not a complete success at present, I think such pessimistic statements are not justified at the present time. I don't thinkUt will be done. But the invasion operation has not gone according to the book." He pointed out that the invasion was started during favorable weather conditions, b u t t h a t weather started working against our troops after a day or so. "If good v.'cat her had continued, I have no doubt that our flyer* would have reduced the value of ' the enemy's 2 supply lines." he said. beachhead -- an attack Saturday night west of Cisterna. Twenty-lour German- planes and 2 gliders were shot down during the dny in all Italian operations, against loss of 5 allied ships. Heavy artillery barrages continued in the Cassino area, but field reports said the intensity of street fighting in the town itself slackened Monday, with troops of both sides wearied by battle. The Americans made new gains on Ml. Cassino, fighting up its northern slopes against numerous German pillboxes and machine- gun nests. The Germans resisted fiercely because the hill dominates Cassino 'and their corridor to it. There was no indication here as to whether the Germans were using the famous monastery there as part of their defenses. Elsewhere on the 5th army front there was active patrolling, and » nazi attack on Ml. Ornito was beaten off. Two German patrol rajds on Orsogna on the 8th trmy sector were repulsed. Allied pa-

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