The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 12, 1934 · Page 3
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April 12, 1934

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, April 12, 1934
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THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE _ LKE SYNDICATE NEKSFAI-EB Issued Every Week Day by Uie MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE JUOMPANV !21-i23.East stato Street "" "" No. 380U LEE P. LOOM1S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L- GEER Publisher Managing Editor . . - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herejn. SUBSCRIPTION KATES and clear J^alte, Masoa city a Qa thc Mason. CltJ by tb« year ...... . ..... OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND OLEAB I.AKE Pet year by carrier .... J7.00 By mail 6 months .. er «" py carrier .... S .IS By mall 3 months .. Per year by mall ...... $4.00 By mall.l month .. OUTSIDE 100 MU.E ZONE Per year ...... 56.00 Six months. . . .53.00 Clear Lake, J .15 Ttiret months. .$ Fame is the perfume of heroic deeds. Pertinent or Impertinent | DAILY SCRAP BOOK DAN AND THE COW WAR /-vN THIS page a few days ago, there was reproduced ^ an interesting editorial from the Northwood Anchor. It had to do with the unfairness involved in discounting Dan Turner's candidacy because as governor he did his duty in prosecuting the so-called "cow war" in eastern Iowa. Considered abstractly, this position is one which cannot be assailed. We hasten to agree with the contention that an official should not be penalized for assuming the responsibilities which attach to his job. The rule, however, does not seem to us exactly to fit Governor Turner and the cow war. It was HOW Mr. Turner approached his duty in that instance rather than THAT he did which provides a legitimate invitation to criticism. From the beginning, our sympathy and support were with the governor in this unpleasant task but 'we could not suppress a feeling that he went about it in a left-handed way, somewhat characteristic of many of his administrative acts. First, he dilly-dallied. He met up with the belligerent objectors and promised "justice to all" in such a way that the fanners had a right to believe, as they did believe, their viewpoint would prevail. They think to this day they were double-crossed. Second, he called out a great body of guardsmen, at a cost of a quarter million dollars to the state, when a tenth as many troops would have sufficed, in the opinion of military authorities then and now. As we view it, a firm position from the start that the duly elected peace officers in the trouble zone either enforce the law or make way for somebody else would have nipped the revolt before it assumed serious dimensions. It's much easier to sit off and criticize than it is to make decisions and assume responsibility for them. Hindsight too is always easier than foresight. We fully appreciate that Mr. Turner was in a "tough spot" with respect to the Cedar county unpleasantness, just as his successor was in Plymouth and Denison counties In his, course, though, it impresses us that the Corning man revealed the major shortcoming in. his ^^mak'eupj' appraised, from an administrative ..standpoint.. His'''pr6cfas'tination and; indecisiveness permit little problems to become large ones, calling for drastic and expensive 'measures of solution. In a legislative assignment, ^he qualities of courage and honesty which we concede to Mr. Turner in large measure might, and probably would, suffice. But an important administrative assignment such as the governorship requires a certain something that Mr. Turner doesn't possess. Those closest to him, incidentally, are first to admit it. You can't tell us the mother who gave Huey Long his first name didn't have a hunch what kind of man he was going to grow up to be. How would it be to judge the American system of representative democracy by its best 150 years rather than by its worst 10 years? All of our internationalists and low-tariff men can tell where to get imports but they're silent on where we are to send our exports. The surest way to banish that old question, "How are you?" would be to answer-it a few times. Speaking of inspiration in middle initials, Huey Long comes to mind. The day's worst: "It's always swear weather when golfers get together." Horse sense was never more needed than in this motor age. Being out may help the republicans in. OTHER VIEWPOINTS 1 BITING THE HAND THAT FEEDS HM Boonc News-Republican: According to the Chicago Journal of Commerce, Iowa has a Pr°mm^ brain truster who is working to put his P r " c 'P Ies Practice The way the Chicago paper describes rP emtads you of on y e of those comics where a man with a big saw is sitting on the wrong end of ^^ limb, whillhe saws away the prop that is holding him up. The Journal of Commerce says: "Out in Iowa City, Iowa, where the college professors get their livelihood from the taxes paid by private business, there is one professor working night and day to eliminate the largest taxpayer in Iowa City, namely the I. C. Light and Power f^P 1 ^' which paid ?47,S27 in 1933. The power companj fur- thermo?e, is the second largest taxpayer in Johnson county, the Rock Island railway being first. "But the municipal ownership big has bit awfully hard. An election, started under the Iowa initiation law, is to be held April 17 It ,s not claimed that a municipal plant will give lower rates-the argument is that the plant will pay for itself out of profits. On that score the power company tells you that, after deducting the amounts reinvested in the property, during its 21 years of life to keep it up to date, the net earnings have not been equal to 3 pel. cent of the investment, but the professor who is pushing this fight apparently doesn't figure interest charges in the usual way." . . . , . . ,, Of course, this brain truster receives his living from the state, which could probably get along without the 547,827 paid by the I. C. Light company into the county treasury. However, it is kind of like biting the hand that feeds him to work so assiduously to put Iowa City's power taxpayer out of business But then, nobody can keep track of what a brain truster will do. by Central J'rm Association. Inc. of A RECORD PAIR o? ELEPHANT -TUSKS- WEIGHT 22-8 AND MEASURING NEARlV 12. FEET IN 1.EHSTH- BULL -ftAT WAS ARAB SLAVE NEAR. 50SO -THE PET" DIC1ATOR HIM BY HIS MOTHER OBSERVING l£ ^ssf^tm^fm^iin have received from a contributor who wishes to be 'known only in this column Pete," a true n pathos and snowing the importance of setting a good example. In this signed missive is told the suffering undergone by a ,vhcn his dog was shot. After telling the agony he went irough in informing the boy that his dog had been shot, the father gave a bit of philosophy that is of value to all citizens. The boy's small brother died four years ago and his mother is an invalid. But in spite of these and other hardships, the father has taught his son the importance of kindness and to respect the bts of others. 'More as an object lesson than anythings else," the father wrote, "a HE WASN'T HIRED TO MAKE SPEECHES Lafc Hill in Nora Springs Advertiser: Secretary Wallace appointed Ex-Senator Brooknart to a position in Russia. He was to build American trade and good will Perhaps he thought they would have him Iff their hands for a time at least. But those who thought to halter Brookhart did not know their man. He made a speech recently right in the teeth of all the scions of Wall street, and advised the government to adopt Russian civilization and methods. This considered with a number of doctors speaking out of turn, has led some of the higher ups to suggest that Brookhart was .hired , to promote trade but not to make · speeches; ;J :v - -,- · _ · _ · _ - · · ·-.. "'· m. MORE -TftAN HALF OF -THE. POPULATION OF-THE WORLD USE RICE. AS THEJR STAPLE. D1ET- ' INDIA. 5ROWS MORE'THAN $$ PERCENT OF-THE WORLD'S _~w- ANNUAL. RICE CROP. DIET and HEALTH EARLIER DAYS An b.ter»Uui OMs Feature Drawn From the Globe-Gazette', flics ot «ie Years Ginio By. complaint was filed against the party responsible for the shooting and he was taken into court and fined for shooting inside the city limits. The moral of the story is that if this party had gone unpunished, for doing something unlawful, ,-hy shouldn't I permit the boy to .jave an airgun or ride his bicycle on the sidewalks and do a hundred and one things contrary to the lawa of our city, state and nation. If other people do unlawful acts and get away with it, there is bound to be left in a child's mind the impression that he or she can do likewise. "If some of our present criminals had been taught some of the finer and better things, it is possible that there would not be as many unlawful acts. Instead of this, since the World war, instead of the golden rule, people have substituted the rule of: 'Do others before they do you.' "This has caused a lack of confidence in others and such lack of confidence has done its share in causing the hard times we have heard so much about the past four years." --o-^^^ nm pleased to present the d^Sp following interesting com- Tliirty Years Ago-- in a primary campaign, is exhausting, financially, physically and mentally. Accordingly, men with capacity and with a deep understanding of the processes of government will have nothing to do with it. "We believe ODserving Eye comes close to hitting the mark when ho chides young men for not taking a greater interest in politics. Thus, it. is easy to point out any system of selecting candidates will be unsatisfactory unless there is true _visxm and energy among the voters." --0-note quite a flurry in the ra- * dio world because the Chev*" rolet company failed to renew Jack Benny's contract in this face of the fact that a. recent referendum indicated that at the moment he is the most popular comedian oil the air. The managing heads of this great automobile company are being credited with a little less than no business judgment. But I'm not so sure about it. Perhaps thc decision had more basis than is evident on first sight. A study of the entire situation, to the light of experience, may have proved that a radio program featuring- a comedian doesn't bring a reflection in sales. Or the Chevrolet company may have reasoned that a comedian appearing on the air regularly has an amazingly brief vogue. In the past IS months, Cantor, Wynne, Durante. Penner, Jolson and Rogers have all hit top, then bottom. All, with the "rnent by Ray Spertaeck of ' WHY NOT SOME NEW MONEY? Clint Hill in Mitchell County Press: Early news- caper discussions of the overriding of Roosevelt s veto of the soldiers' compensation bill failed to mention what to my mind, was the most important feature of the proposition. I believe that many a congressman and senator was for the measure because he hoped it would hasten the issuance of some of the new money the country has been led to expect since the devaluation of gold made provision for it. The added costs could be taken care of in that way without burdening the country in any way. W BEST IN FOUR YEARS ·ITH steel index and car-loadings, the fundamental barometers of trade, showing steady improvement --not only over last year's low but over the 1932 marks it is interesting to read the forecast of business made by Dun and Bradstreet, the concern which of any in the country is in the best position to feel the business pulse. Here is a dispatch containing their most recent estimate: "The most satisfactory results for any second quarter in the last four years are predicted today by Dun and Bradstreet, Inc. "The agency also reports that the anticipated slackening in retail buying following the Easter rush has not materialized, although there has been some recession in certain wearing apparel lines. Household furniture, electric refrigerators and rugs moved in increasing volume at retail. Continuing the review in part says: " 'Sales of men's and women's wearing apparel, however, still are in the lead, while there has been no diminuation in the call for dry goods. Sales of hardware, paints, gardening tools and seeds show every indication of outdistancing spring figures for the last three years, and provide conclusive proof of a reawakened interest in the home and garden. " 'No interruption to the present trend appears in prospect for the current month. Besides, any seasonal recession probably will be buoyed by the increasing number profiting from the pay rises granted by industrial and commercial establishments.' " All of which suggests that the time has at length arrived when aggressive pursuit of business will be well rewarded. Business comes, of course, where it is invited. Moral--advertising and plenty of it. As not before in three years, advertising will now "get results." ·-- «· · ^ | "PENSIONS" BANISHED | ·pEGARDLESS of how one may feel about other ·^ phases of the measure recently enacted over a presidential veto, he will concede that changing the name covering grants to disabled veterans from "pension" to "compensation" is an improvement. In the dictionary, the word pension has a wide variety of meanings but in the average mind, it calls up thoughts of "gratuity" or "subsidy." Compensation, on the other hand, carries the meaning of payment for a just indebtedness. Somehow the ex-soldier, blinded or hobbling about on one leg, his sacrifice to country, would seem to deserve something better than classification as a pauper, the recipient of gratuities implied in a system of "pensions." IN DEFENSE OF SENATOR DICKINSON L. H. Henry in Charles City Press: Senator Dickinson's defense of his vote against the St. Lawrence waterway was in accordance with the comments of the Press on the subject. Chicago, the city most concerned, was opposed to its construction for the. very good reason that she did not want a foreigner to pass upon the water disposal on Lake Michigan, LO JJtxaa UUUil LUC rvubci. --··"£· - . -·- , and until that question is settled right there will be plenty of time to reconsider it. The senator voted right. A PROPEK SALES TAX PREMISE \lgona Advance: If we must have a sales tax it ought to be selective, not general. If a man buys a S30 overcoat, tax him; he can afford it. But if be can buy only a 510 coat, let him off. The one is a luxury of the well-to-do; the other a necessity of the poor. Luxuries ought to be taxed: necessities ought to be free. There's the whole philosophy of correct sales taxation for you. Somebody ought to tell the legislature. FLOYD WENT A BIT TOO FAR Emmons Leader: Clever politician as he is, the re action accorded Governor Olson's bright red convention speech by the Minnesota citizenry in genera would-indicate that he sounded an exceedingly sou note this time. Many heretofore willing follower; of the farmer-labor chieftain are declaring themselve: unable to sing to such a keynote. STANDING PAT OF COURSE \ustin Herald: Governor Olson, returning froir Washington yesterday, makes the assertion that h stands pat on the farmer-labor platform though h qualifies himself to the extent of saying it needs in terpretation. It needs a whole lot more than that. I needs a complete overhauling. FIND SALES TAX WORKS Ottumtva Courier: Iowa is closing its first wee under a retail sales tax, and if conditions in Ottumw i are indicative of those over the state, remarkabl I ease marks the adaptation of the public and tn 1 merchants to the new plan. "By LOGAN CLENDEN1.NU, M. O. NERVOUS DISEASE DIFFERENT W HAT ARE the symptoms of nervous diseases .' OD- viously in a column like this no more than a very sketchy birdseye view is possible. It may be said however, that no part of the body is immune. Every patient is entitled to a comprehensive examination, because a nervous patient can develop pneumonia or ulcer of the stomach as easily as anyone. Pain is usually conspicuous by its absence. The complaints are more often pressure, fullness, numbness or weakness. There is a characteristic tendency to magnify all symptoms.' "Terrible," "unbearable," "I didn't sleep a wink all night," "I just can't go on much longer," " no one knowa how sick I am," are all familiar. When carefully questioned, it will usually be found that it is not pain that is complained of, but one or more of the above symptoms. The symptoms often include several Dr. Clendenln* parts of tne body sucn as "gas" on the stomach, weakness in the legs, pain in the ack headache, pressure around the heart, etc. An organic disease, by contrast, usually presents i definite clinical picture, that is, certain symptoms ather definitely limited to one part of the body, ifte ame symptoms will be experienced by patient after patient suffering from the same disease. A good illustration of the difference between a nervous and organic disease is to compare two diseases of the stomach--nervous dyspepsia and ulcer. Nervous dyspepsia is manifested by the following symptoms: A feeling of fullness or pressure m the upper abdomen and around the heart; excessive gas formation," with frequent and prolonged eructations; loss of appetite; a "lump" in the abdomen that may come up into the throat; a feeling that certain foods are not digested and, therefore, eliminated, one by one, from the diet until the intake of foods becomes woefully inadequate to supply the needs of the body. The symptoms often are constant and prolonged for months or years. Pain is not present. Vomiting may be frequent and persistent. Food aggravates the symp- is. *. By contrast, ulcer of the stomach, a very serious organic disease, may be entirely symptomless until a hemorrhage occurs. Ordinarily the symptoms begin early and are manifested by a periodically recurring burning distress or actual burning pain in the upper abdomen, which is promptly relieved by food. The burning or pain recurs again in an hour or two and remains until food is taken. The symptoms are periodic, there are long periods of complete relief, and then recurrence of the same symptoms, often appearing in the spring and fall. It may be accepted as certain that excessive eruc- tations of "gas" always are symptoms of nervous dyspepsia. Very little digestion occurs in the stomach; it is mainly a mixing bowl; no fermentation takes place there. Fermentation is necessary if gas is formed. Gas forms lower down, in the intestine, and it does not travel upward from the intestine to the stomach. Excessive eructation, therefore, is due to a nervous habit of air swallowing. Any air expelled in this manner is air which has been previously swallowed, and is not "gas" formed in the stomach. Attornev J E. E. Markley closed his · argument before the jury in the Wescott case Thursday after- nooni a t - 4 o'clock and William Lamb continued ior the defense, finishing at 11 o'clock this morning It was 10 below freezing in Mason City yesterday and water, froze an inch thick in vessels. Dr and Mrs. Jones of Clear Lake were in the city last night for a short visit, leaving on an early train for a visit at Allison where Dr. Jones' parents reS The first baseball game of the season will be nlaved today at the Jackson street park between tne high school nine and a team from the seminary at N °A stock 1 ^rain of about 30 cars passed through the city today loaded with fat cattle from Paukwaa, S. Dak., bound for Liverpool, England. the Swea City Herald on an observation in this department recently concerning the primary election system: "With the passing of time it Is being admitted freely the primary election is not satisfactory. Even its most staunch supporters must at times look with discouragement upon the kind of men reaching office under this system. "The old caucus method of nominating candidates had its flagrant abuses, but it is said in favor of it that it produced men of greater stature. Men with a flair for politics and government were far more active than they are now, because no one will deny running for office possible exception of Rogers, are dialed out as often as in. Maybe the Chevrolet company was smart enough to know that Benny had reached his zenith and that it would be descending popularity from this point on. In any event, there is lesg of hazard in a program of modem music presented by real artists. think the best index I could provide here to the life and character of the Rev. Ezra C. Clemans, former national chaplain of the American Legion and ot the United Spanish War veterans, now an active though venerable Methodist pastor at Owatonna, Minn., is contained in this final paragraph from an article written by him: "In a village to the Alps is the grave of a man who perished in a mountain accident. On the tombstone is the inscription. "He died climbing.' I want to die that way." --o-was interested in a list received recently from F. H. showing the names and ages of president and Mrs. Roosevelt's children: Anna Eleanor (Mrs. Curtis Dam ia 27; James, 26; Elliott, 23; Frank- ,.- lin D., Jr., 19; and John A., 17. ^ a .,,- Struke and Miss Tillie Corner who teach school near Scarville. are visiting at the latter s sister's Mrs. F. H. Schweer, on East Huntley street. E. L. Balz left last night on a business trip for Chicago. . , . ,, Mrs. C. H. Stoltenberg arrived home today from Dexter, N. Mex., after visiting with relatives. OSSINING N. Y.--Four gunmen were electrocuted today for the murder, two years ago, of Herman Rosenttial, a well known New York gambler. Miss Marvyl Potter returned yesterday to her school work at Mount Ida Seminary. Mrs. William Pence James and children leave this week for Marshalltowu where they will spend the week with Mrs. James' parents. The F. E. Keeler, G. W. Brett and L. A. Page families returned Saturday from their winter sojourn in California, Ten Years Ago-Miss Lucille Burnham, Chicago, is here for a month's vacation at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Burnnam, Delaware avenue southeast. Miss Neva Bowling, 725'/i North Federal avenue, has departed for an extended visit with friends in Oak Park, Chicago and Champaign, 111. M. M. Burns of Sanborn, brother of J. J. Burns, was in the city for a short time Friday. C. H. McNider is in Chicago, attending to banking matters in connection with the Federal Reserve system. Miss Nelle Corbitt went to Greene Saturday for a week-end visit with her parents. Kenneth and Russell Olson, sons of Mr. and Mrs. David Olson, 114 Tenth street northwest, arrived in the city Friday for a week-end visit with their parents. They are students at St. Olaf college, Northfield, Minn. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG A GROSS INCOME TAX QUESTION MESERVSY, April 12.--The people of Iowa have been the object of many experiments since the new- deal began. Although, we were assured that beer and prosperity would return together it appears that prosperity became lost enroute. The beer tax has been SnrmiPTnented bv a vicious sales tax. The federal gov- supplemented by a vicious sales A Minnesota Bible student insists that acting does more work than resoiuting, pointing to the fact that we have the "Acts of the Apostles" but nothing about their resolutions. g Up to a few months ago, the alphabet was some- thins used for spelling. ernment led the way in imposing taxes on life's necessities. These taxes are levied without regard to ability and means to pay them/Is it a wonder that so many have been forced to seek aid and charity: It is now proposed that Iowa accept a tax plan known as the "gross income" tax. It is not my purpose to pronounce judgment but merely to remind those who aspire to govern, that new plans are not necessarily good plans. · Under our present system non-resident owners of land help support Iowa schools. Will someone kindly explain by what method Iowa would proceed to "extradite" taxes from non-residents and corporations under the new plan? Yours very truly. K, CLARENCE RUiGH, ONCE OVERS LESS HASTE; LESS WASTE There have been periods in your life when you TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born This Date--Henry Clay, b.. 1777, long time speaker of the house of representatives, "the Great Pacificator." He decided he'd rather be right than president, was defeated thrice for the presidency. * * Muzio Clementi, b. 1746, composer. * * Julian Street, b. 1879, writer and authority on wines. * * Donald Grant Mitchell, b. 1822, novelist and essayist under his own name and that of the famed pseudonym Ik Marvel. April 12, 65 A. D.--Lucius Annacus Seneca, 53 Spanish born Stoic philosopher, died by his own hands at the order of one of his pupils, Emperor Nero of Rome. Behind him he left correspondence with St Paul the apostle that indicates he was one of the first Christians. . . Other notable April 12 deaths: Niccolo Amati, m 1684. He was the most celebrated of the Amatis, renowned family of violin makers at Cremona, Italy. In made one error after another, so rapidly that you won- his shop Antonio Stradivari learned the trade. 41IO.U*, W*J\* tn"* *-- . . . . . . . _ n . n n . r . . . . . . . m m . n n r l ':« " l O ' T O TJrtl-c. rp To Tn TV, o n It l l ^ l l made. dered how it was possible for you to maKe so many. Recently you may have had this same experience: the harder you tried to avoid mistakes, the more you de. Aroused to a high nervous tension, your mind did not function as it should. This has caused you to lose confidence in yourself and your ability to do things. Perhaps you permit yourself to become unnerved over small matters. Unthinkingly, you try--by speed--to make up the lack of perfection which you should reach in your rk There seems to be a feeling of fear that you will not meet the requirements for your job. This thought being uppermost, you naturally do not give thoughtful consideration to the things you have to do. . The first essential is to get yourself under better control. A better balanced nervous system will cui down your speed. Get. away from thc idea of bulk production. Try some thoughtful effort, work. William T. r Tweed. 'in 1878. Boss of Tammany hall he died miserably in jail in New York, after being dragged back from Spain whence he had fled following exposure of gigantic thefts of city funds. · · a 1603--William Braford, 35, Quaker, set up the first printing press in New York. It was the only press there for 30 years. With it, beginning in 1725, he printed first newspaper in New York, the Gazette, did the official printing of New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island and Maryland. · * * jggt H. P. Btewster, Texan, gave the order. Edmund Ruffin, 75 year old Virginian, fired the first gun. a mortar in Fort Johnson. Thc shell that went flying through the black night awakened the dogs of war, started the booming of the great guns on Morris island and the answering shots of Fort Sumpter. The War of the States was on. One Minute Pulpit--With the ancient is wisdom; and in the length of days understanding.-.lob 12:12. Why was n base established for the Byrd expedition in New Zealand when the tip of South America, is so much nearer the south pole? G. 'Although the southern tip of South America is somewhat nearer the antarctic than New Zealand, :here are no large towns or ports n that part of the world which ·ould be suitable for a base from vhich to operate. With whom and when did John D. {oeltfelK'r form the Standard Oil ompany? J. 6. In June, 1S70, John D. Rockefeller combined all his companies into one --the Standard Oil company. The following men were associated with lim: Henry M. Flagler, Samuel Andrews, Stephen V. Harkness and William Rockefeller. How much would it cost to have n.n adequate air force for protection of tills country? B. V. Major General Fechet has said: ·For about $130,000,000, we can have reliable air strength, competent not only to protect our nation's cities and vital industries and railways, but able to strike, cripple and scatter an enemy 400 or 500 miles off the shores. It would cost only at the rate ,of about one dollar for each individual in the United States It is the best form of executive national defense that can be pro vided." What newspaper carries most classified advertising? T. M. La Prensa, ot Buenos Aires, if first in the world in this kind of advertising. Are game fish color-blind? G- B The bureau of fisheries says fishes do distinguish colors, bu whether they see as many colors as human beings is not known, nor can it be said that the colors appear to fishes in the same way that they do to us. The fact that colors are j distinguished is recognized in the : manufacture of artificial baits for ; game fish and the fact that they distinguish colors is further proved by experiments with flounders which have actually changed their color to conform to that o£ objects placed near or over them. Should announcements of a wedding be sent to the friends who were invited to the ceremony? G. G. They are not sent to persons invited to the wedding. W h a t kind of questions cannot be handled by your information bureau? S. T. It is not equipped to give opinions about anything. That i» the province of specialists. Lawyers give legal opinions, physicians give medical advice, but the bureau ron- fincs itself to statements of fact. Ask any question of fact, writ'' i and send coin ar statan ior. I reply. Address Frederic J. Haskiu, director, Washington, D. C. What does the tercentenary celc- ration in Maryland commemorate? I. S. The landing of the Ark and Dove it St. Mary's City, Md., in 1631, under the leadership of Lord Balti- ore. What is a minister without portfolio? R. L S. A member of a cabinet of the European parliamentary type. The cabminet as a whole is formed by .he prime minister at the request of :he president or the king, and it ncludes the heads of the regular departments corresponding to the members of the cabinet of the- United States. It may also include cabinet ministers who do not head any department, but v/ho may assist the premier with other cabinet ministers, but is not an executive as the head of a department. Do you offer assistance to school children with their essays and examinations? D. S. This bureau does not write essays for school children or help directly in preparation for examinations. To do so would defeat the purpose of the teachers' assignments. References are gladly furnished for essay and debate material. If you wish to know what books to consult for your school work, write to this newspaper's Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C.. including com or stamp for reply postage. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "Maybe I'm old-fashioned, but T can have a meal on the table while Amy is hookin' up her labor-savin' gadgets to get started."

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