The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 25, 1937 · Page 6
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 25, 1937
Page 6
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If 11 1 .1, i .A MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AS' A. IV. LEE NElVSl'ArEtl Issued Every Week Day by t h e , MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 25 · 1937 121-1M East Stale Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOM1S - - - --.--"· Publisher W. EARL HALL, - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising-Manager Entered as second-class matter April 17, 1920, at the post- office at-Mason City, Iowa, under the acl ot March 3, 1B7Q. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PJJESS whleli is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. ' ; Full leased wire service by Unlled Press. MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des aioiries news and business offices at 403 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Alason City and Clear Lake, Mason City and Clear Lake, by the year . 57.00 " b y the week $.15 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAK LAKE AND WITHIN 100 MILES. OF MASON CUV Per year by carrier $7.00 By mail G months S2.25 Per week by carrier s ,15 Ey mall 3 months SI.25 Per year by mall $4.00 By mail 1 month .......s .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE IN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per Year ..56.00 Six months . .53.25 Three months ..(1.75 IN ALL STATES OTHER THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per yr...S3.00 6 months..54.50 3 months..52.50 1 month. .$1.00 Death Knell to Diversion? rpHERE's encouragement in. the dispatches out of *- Washington which indicate that states which continue to use highway funds for non-highway purposes may find themselves heavily penalized when they come to' the national treasury for federal aid allotments, in road building. Statements recently issued by Sen. Carl Hayden of Arizona and by Rep. Wilburn Cartwright ot Oklahoma, co-authors of the Hayden-Cartwright federal highway act-throw some interesting light on the subject. · · ' ' . "Said Senator Hayden: "The enactment of state laws diverting gasoline and other motor vehicle taxes from highway, purposes to other, uses can only be con-, strued by the national congress as a clear indication that the states are not interested in the continuance of a program of highway construction and, consequently, do not care to continue to receive the benefits o£ federal aid for roads." Representative Cartwright spoke as follows: "Congress cannot be expected to continue indefinitely attempts to help complete the highway systems .o£ those states which pursue the indefensible practice oE misappropriating their own gasoline or other motorists' special taxes to purposes not related to -highways. Congress has formally declared this practice 'unfair and unjust.' It should -now be made unprofitable as well." " . . .. ·The following-view on the subject is by one whose word has been as good as his bond so far as his old Iowa friends and neighbors are concerned: .-. .,- " · "The tendency to divert special roadusers' taxes for other than road purposes is the most alarming one with which we have to contend so far as the future of a stable and adequate road program is concerned." Its author is Thomas H. MacDonald, chief of the United States bureau of public roads, who .was called to Washington from Iowa. By many Mr. MacDonald is regarded as the father of the good roads movement i n this state. ' - . - · · These views supplement the declaration of pol- icyjset forth by congress when it passed the Hayden-Cartwright; law, which- embraces the following sentence: - - - - .-· ..- "It is unfair and unjust to (ax motor vehicle transportation unless the proceeds of such taxation are applicjl to the construction, improvement or maintenance of highways." The folly of such a course is accentuated when one reflects that road-building in America is no where hear half completed at this time, perhaps not more than a tenth completed. What Price Property? TXTHEN the mortal remains of death-fearing Sir *" Basil Zaharoff--Europe's famed "merchant of death."--were deposited in.the crypt of his French estate at Balincourt, France, in late November, the world surmised that the Greek armament salesman' had a fortune of millions. In London lately English solicitors announced that Sir Basil's English es'ate was valued at only $965,515. Whether this is the bulk oE the muni- tion maker's estate or all that the law can discover-, remains to be seen.. At one time Europe's "man of mystery" was supposed to own a considerable portion of Vickers, Ltd., the British armament combine. This would not indicate such a stake. From the size of Sir Basil's English holdings,.it must be presumed that reports o£ Zaharoff's vast wealth were greatly exaggerated. His fanciful life. at. Monte Carlo .and his . mysterious retreats throughout Europe may have given even biographers a false impression of Zaharoff's personal property. ' Known now is the fact that the Greek "merchant of death" lived in perpetual horror of the grave, with a physician constantly in attendance. Ironically, death sought him alone. He was stricken before a physician could reach his side. As 'death clutched him, Zaharoff would have given all o f ' h i s properties and treasures for a reprieve of even a day. .But death did not compromise with Zaharoff any more than with Queen Elizabeth who, dying of cancer, offered her kingdom to live just a little longer. ' Zaharoff's English estate proves the "man of mystery" was not mucli of a mystery after all. Shame on Nevada ·VTEVADA is proposing another step that if carried out will add to the disgust of citizens ot other states to some of. Nevada's policies. " A bill is proposed for presentation to the Nevada legislature to legalize a state lottery for the raising of funds for the support of Nevada schools and state institutions. The argument in favor of the lottery is that it will reduce to a minimum the tax burden of the people of. Nevada. : Nevada was the first to offer custom made divorces as an attraction .that would bring money to that state from people of wealth desiring to escape existing marriage ties. Next it licensed horse racing and other forms of gambling that a portion of- the losses of the betters on the ponies and the people taking chances on roulette wheels and faro banks might go toward paying Nevada's bills. Now it is desired that the citizens of Nevada shall filch money from the people of the country through a method that Louisiana repudiated years ago! as a disgrace to the state. This plan of living- off ill gotten gains may for a time lessen the tax bills of the people and corporations of Nevada. In the end there will be a day of reckoning and when it comes we predict that tho citizens of Nevada will rue the day when cupidity caused- thorn to resort to devious methods in order to save a few paltry dollars On their tax .. From the standpoint of future security the pres idency of'the University of Wisconsin and the foot ball coachship at the University of Iowa Impres us as being about oh par. It's hardly fair to say that our democratic in siitutions have failed until those democratic insti tutions have-been given an opportunity to succeed The lover who tells the loved that he isn't good enough for her often gets himself believed after the honeymoon is over. There's comfort in the^fact that the world's'one most prosperous country got that way withou benefit of dictator. Often one hears it remarked that Guy Gillette has proved himself a worthy successor to Louis Murphy. In recent years the factory has replaced the home as America's foremost haven of safety. Our outmoded calendar might be Exhibit A in the case against our static civilization. PROS and CONS · GALS AT THE STATEHOUSE Algona Upper Des Moines: If what they tell -us is true, a iecent editorial of ours was widely circulated down at the Des Moines statehouse. And boy, oh boy, have we got -the gals mad at us. Yoi will recall that we made the assertion that "some of the girls on the slate payroll at S110 per monti or more couldn't earn ?60 per month in their own home towns." Now about all we can say in.rebuttal is tha "if the shoe pinches,.put it on." . HENRY FORD SHOULD QUIT . Oehyein Hegister: We notice that Henry Ford is 73'years old and is still heading one of the greatest business institutions in the country. According to President Roosevelt he should have retired some time ago and not try to continue to do business when long past his ability to do so. Will the president retire him and many others who are heading business concerns at the same age he does the supreme court justices? EXEMPT ALL RESIDENCES, IF ANY! Decprah Journal: If homestead tax exemption passes in Iowa, we strongly favor having the exemption o£ $2,500 per home or farm, or whateve figure is decided on, apply to all farm and residential property. Otherwise the tenant, wlio is no as well able to pay as the homestead property owner, will be penalized. I£ the taxes are raised on the properly of tenants, the owner must pass tha cost along. SHE LEFT HIM A BIG ORDER Estherville News: By reason of his experience Dr. O Brian knows that there can be but one master of an office and that when politics comes in one door decent government goes out the other. Mrs Miller has left him a big job, but he should welcome the challenge to carry on where she left off and in the same spirit which characterized her methods. Good luck, Dr. O'Brian. CALL IT IOWA Marshalltown Times-Republican: The Greater - --,..,,....,,.,.i. .*.**! (w ,j inijjun/nvon, .LIit: ijrieaiei Iowa- committee would call Iowa "The Inland Empire." Bosh, call Iowa, Iowa without change. For matter o£ that we can await any change in the name of the state until the resettlement'administration gets around to it. But change the name of Iowa --nothing more^ ridiculous could be suggested. IF A DICTATORSHIP CAME Alhson Tribune: Oh well, if this country goes over to the dictator form of government we might elect a dictator who would kick out about half pi the office holders a n d - p u t the rest of them in their place. The federal and state payrolls show altogether too many high salaried chiefs. BOUQUET"FOR MURPHY Iowa City Press-Citizen: Whatever else may be said about the General Motors strike settlement it must at least be admitted that Michigan's Gov. Frank Murphy has stamped himself as a broad- gauge, constructive office holder who really deserves the much-abused title, statesman. NO REASON FOR IMMUNITY er City Freeman-Journal: The Iowa house the bill '-to exempt attorneys from executions. Good, if there is any reason why some attorneys should not be executed the Freeman-Journal doesn't, know what they are, and .apparently the Iowa house doesn't know either. HARLAN IS OUT Burlington Hawkeye-Gazette: Edgar R Harlan loses his job as curator of the Iowa historical department. Somehow or other, it just can't seem iifte me Iowa historical department without "Ed" Harlan, , A RULE ABOUT TAXATION Creston Advertiser: When, and if, the time ever arrives that we are collecting more taxes for hiph- way purposes than are demanded, then the tax , en e ax assessment should be reduced to the amount required, but the fund'should never be permitted to become a political football TO AVOID DICTATORSHIP ·Titonka Topic: The best way to avoid a dicta- o avo a ca torship is to have freedom -of speech and of the press. When that is done in a democracy there cannot be a dictatorship. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . . . 'by Scott , WHO SWALLOWED UP EUROPE. 4-TK iELNTimV, HAVE. LtFT No OF THEM 'SELVES, -ft El R. LAK^UA^E. OR. LAW? WrfH . _ RACES BECAME SO E.-fHE.CRAKf - ScrfW BY 1AVJ AND -frtE. cMURCit --THE. RE.IC,K OF . . COPYRIGHT. 1937. CENTRAL PRSSS ASSOCIATION DIET and HEALTH Dy IjQGAN CI.E.VOE.VI.VG, HI. D. REDUCING DRUGS MAY HARM EYES TT ALWAYS IS possible to reduce weight by diet 1 alone, even without exercise or massage, certainly without salt baths, most emphatically with- ut drugs, and since one may get into trouble with the drugs, why try? Why not just stick to the diet. The only two drugs which are capable of reduc- ng- wejgh't are both capable of doing a great deal ol harm. Both are likely to affect the eye, and if you are reducing for cosmetic purposes, it is easy o figure out that you won't look any better with ' ' your eyes in bad-condition. One of the drugs often used for reducing, thyroid extract, acts by increasing the work and activating the thyroid gland. And as in many cases of goiter, with increased activity of the thyroid the eyes .protrude, so: in sensitive peo- I pie the use of thyroid extract will produce the same thing. Wheh the eyes become prominent the exposure causes congestion of the surface of the eyeball, and this may progress to . conjunctivitis i an d ulceratioii. Corneal ulcers, Dr. Cltndoninit when they heal, leave opacities. This does not seem to be a very . em o e a ong step m the direction of becoming comely. A particular example is that of a woman 34 A TRUISM ABOUT GOVERNMENT Eagle Grove Eagle: Elect good men to office and any form of government will be satisfactory. AS TO JUDICIARY REFORM Decorah Journal: We favor most o£ President Roosevelt's recommendations. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG THE CASE FOR TEACHER ANNUITIES MASON CITY--In behalf of the teachers of Cerro Gordo county I am thanking you for the editorial in a iecent issue of the Globe-Gazette relative to teacher annuity. , No doubt, you have given this measure due consideration. In that case, I think you must recognize that the teachers are not asking anything special or unusual in asking this legislation. At a time when almost all groups except housemaids and farm laborers are included in the social security legislation, it seems only just that teachers should be included. There are other valid arguments. You as a patron of this school system realize there are teachers, who, because of their age, should be replaced with younger and more active teachers. You arc not the person who would advise the board of education to throw these teachers out and make public charges of them. I am convinced this legislation will not increase the tax burden in Iowa. The old teachers are the high salaried ones. Replacing them with beginning teachers at beginner's salaries will mean a saving of probably $250 to $6QO annually for each teacher. It will mean an expenditure of less local property tax on^schools and more indirect lax on schools. you . No doubt, you think I am attempting to convince Rather I am thanking you. Sincerely yours, it H..BOYCE «. n. B U X U E Chairman, Ccrro Gordo County Teachers Federation . j- , . --*«·"!"*- u LimL uj. u wuman ,55 'ears old whose weight had increased from 118 to (J pounds. She began using thyroid extract in 929 and continued until 1935, when she weighed 20 pounds. She then became very nervous, with marked tremor oE the hands, and a rapid heart. Ihe eyes became prominent--all these symptoms ndtcate a stimulation of-the thyroid gland--and in a few months her physician advised a surgical removal of the gland. After this was done there vas some improvement except in the condition of he eyes, \vhich rapidly became more prominent nd congested. This increased so much that by he end of 19^6 she could not close her eyes' the niL W ^i, /- ot TM 0 . ver the eyeball even when force- ully closed. Tins required two or three tedious u ? J. c ?Pp ratlons with invalidism in the hospital vhich still continues. ' ""i""". Dinitrophenol has been used as a dye for many ears. It is also used in the manufacturing of ex- losives During the World war it was noticed hat workers in munition plants where dinitrophe- ol was used were losing weight rapidly. On this f rfjrf u V3S , del'berately as a weight reducer. » i f t e worlc - b u t Jt Proved also to do a great n ° n 2 rra ' S a tendenc *. even when used n tmall doses, to produce opacities in the lens of ie eye, which may continue on to cataracts The ounger the individual, the more likelihood is there or this effect. This seems a high price to pay for 50 pounds I flesh, especially when the reduction is not per- lanent. v QUESTIONS FROM READERS B. A.: "Am I getting a balanced diet for a working girl? In th e morning for breakfast I have a Slass Of friii f. 7nii-o ^in^ -, ^J.vv. _ * . , .,. EARLIER DAYS IN MASON CITY 'suja^ar Thirty Years Ago-W.' F. Farmer is in the city today transacting business. · . . Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Richards of Charles City visited relatives here yesterday. Patrick McNamara of Grafton was in the city yesterday visiting friends. J. W. Smith of Sioux City is in the city on a few days business -trip. Mr. and Mrs. John Holihan left today for a visi at their former home in Racine, Wis. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Thurber returned home today from a visit with relatives at Newark, 111. Al Sortor returned today to his home at St Paul following a brief visit in the city. Twenty Years Ago -WASHINGTON--With the adjournment bf congress one week off, President Wilson has given no indication of when he will no before that bofly with a statement on international relations. L. L. Blundell has been hired as cow tester for the Cerro Gordo County Cow-testing association. Gus Pappas of Cedar Rapids defeated Joe Kit- lerman of Hedriclc in a catch-as-calch-can wrestling bout at the Casino theater last night, winning with two straight falls. . LONDON--Kut-El-Amara has been captured from the Turks by the British forces, it was learned today. RED OAK--Judge Horace Deemer, 58, oldest member of the Iowa supreme court, died here today following a few weeks illness. Ten Years Ago-WASHINGTON--President - Coolidge today vetoed the McNary-Haugen farm relief bill: The veto virtually killed.«11 hope for farm legislation at this session, both advocates and .opponents of the blli having conceded that it will be impossible to muster the two-thirds majority in congress necessary to override the president's disapproval. Guy P. Liriville, United States district attorney for the northern half of Iowa, has resigned because of business Veasons. The Rev.' and Mrs. C. A. Hinz left today for Woodlake, Minn:, for a short visit. Mrs. M. O. Crawford has returned from a few days business trip in Chicago. St. Joseph's cagers lost 29 to 9 to St. Patrick's of Cedar Rapids at Dubuque yesterday in the finals of the arch r diocese basketball tournament. The junior college staged a rally to defeat Waldorf junior college, 22 to 18 at Forest City last night. Carl Lash led the Trojan attack with 11 points. a dish of cereal and milk. At nn h cerea an milk. At noon a dish of soup,, glass of milk, perhaps a slice of whole wheat bread, a vegetable some cheese or a dish of fruit, any or all o£ these. A^ night, glass of milk, fish, lean meat, whole wheat TM? ad * nd , bu "er, vegetables and fruit. Is the n meat, you are getting all that anybody needs. TOMORROW CLARK KINNAIRD ATotabic Births--Charles M. Sheldon, b. 1857, au- lil t rf h Tu 0£ ,l' I 1 His Steps '" 40 yTM' 5 beforc I'* P«b- ,. . :--· "*· *" ***° Kjtt-^a, iu years oeiorc Jie PUD- hshed the best selling U. S. book, excepting the Bible--In His Steps. Arthur Stringer, b. 1874, American novelist . . . Coningsby Dawson, b. 1883, Canadian poet and novelist . . . Edward T Stotcs- bury, b. 1849, capitalist whose hobby is trap-drumming . . . William (Buffalo Bill) Cody, b. 1846 in Scott county, Iowa. Feb. 26, 1858--The first American slave ship, Desire, brought, its first cargo to-Boston. These slaves expressed the sadness of their existence among the holy New Engenders in wailing notes, giving to simple English songs an amazing transformation. Thus were "spirituals" born. Feb. 26, 1852--There was classic bravery as the British steamer Birkenhead sank at 2 a. m. off Pt Danger, southeast Africa. There weren't enough lifeboats, so women and children were sent away to safety, and men of 10 British regiments lined up at the rails and stood at attention, with drum« rolling, as the ship sank.: Four hundred and filty- four were drowned. " . - . - ' ALL OF US By MARSI1ALI. MASI.I.N YOU PRAY! T KNOW you do. Perhaps not formally. .Perhaps ·*· not as other people do. But you pray. You have been lonely and you have prayed for a friend. You have prayed you might find somewhere that man or woman who is your other self. You have stood in a gray corridor somewhere, in some hospital, just outside the door o£ an operating room, and prayed that everything would be all right. Prayed a child might be born and a mother might not suffer too much. Prayed that operation might be successful. Prayed it might not be as bad as you've been fearing. You have prayed your children might not need to endure some of the trials that have come upon you. Or prayed they might be strong enough to stand a little more sturdily than you think you have. You have prayed they might have courage and cheerful audacity and not too much hard wisdom--but wisdom enough to carry them through. You have prayed. Surely you have. There have been times when you felt: "I can't do this all alone. The strength I know is not great enough. Somehow I must reach out and touch something mightier than I am or will ever be--and draw some of its strength to myself. I must reach out to that which is just beyond my grasp on common days and thus be strong enough to endure." You have done that. Everyone has done it ... and sometimes you have prayed when you did not know you were in need. You have seen something very beautiful. A tall tree. A splendid dawn A sweep of meadow in the mist. A glowing sunset. Or some heart-taking deed. And that small egotism by which we live our daily lives has been broken in two by that beauty and you have offered some kind of prayer, all by yourself. A cleansing, humbled sort of prayer nobody ever put Not everybody knows he into words. Everybody prays, does. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother.--Proverbs 1:8. OBSERVING Is Law-Maker Guilty Till Proved Innocent? jgBpn^ have been interested by raEjg the kindly exchange of %S=i^ v i e w s between. Arthur Fickford, the GiOLie-Gazette's venerable farm editor, and Hay Sperbeck, editor of the Swea City Herald. The discussion started when Mr. Pickfoi-d took mild exception to the proneness o£ editors and others to find fault with-legislators. While complimenting Mr. Pickford's kindliness in a day not marked by kindliness, Mr. Sperbeck defended a public attitude of placing the "burden of proof" on those who represent us in the halls of congress or the legislatures. In support of his position, lie quoted from credible authorities. Whereupon Mr. Pickford came back with a reply which was printed on Mr. Sperbeck's editorial page. I quote from it here because it is such a revealing index to the philosophy of both of these good friends of mine: "I want to thank you for your gentle criticism. Perhaps 1 am more sensitive than the average man because I served in the thirty-fourth and thirty-fifth general assemblies, and if I were to judge human nature by the samples who appeared before committees urging legislation for this and that, I should be likely to conclude that practically all are selfish and inclined to get all they can and 'the public be damned.' "I have often thought that if all the lines of influence which are used on members were visible it would look like a tangled web. "I had a neighbor once whose favorite phrase was, 'everybody will bear watching.' I said to him, -o£ course, that includes you and me;' which I do not think he had thought of. "One trouble i s . t h a t we send down a lot of men, many of whom are entirely inexperienced in the rules of the operation of such a body. The few who are returned and know the rules of the game get into leading positions -- heads of committees, etc.--and, to some extent, they run the machine. As the old Scotchman said, 'There be wheels within wheels." "In many ways I think we are still boys with the old gang spirit and we 'hit him again because he is Irish,' and the legislature seldom talks back except as in the recent case of the member who was nagged into saying 'the public be damned,' which he will live to regret." Dreaming Ou'r Dreams From a Seed Catalog ffm*. put a Jot of stock In the Ss^ fertility o£ North Iowa's *a^ land. But I question whether any ot our gardens will turn out vegetables and flowers quila as amazing as those pictured In the seed catalogs which just now are being hauled out for reference. You know--radishes as red as lipstick and as crisp as an October wind; carrots of a perfectly gorgeous orange like the sun as it nears the western hills; tomatoes like volley balls just oozing with their rich elixir. All these things, mind you, growing in rows as straight as a bullet's path and comprising a back lot picture which is a thing o£ beauty'and a joy forever. Oh, we aren't fooling ourselves. In more realistic- moments we know that it will not turn out quite this way. But right now, at seed catalog t i m e , w i t h w i n ter winds still howling outside, it's just more darn fun to imagine that it will. --o-Why Iowa Accidents Are Running Ahead s^have been discouraged by Si the comparison between 193G and 1937 highway deaths in Iowa. This year we are running about 10 deaths ahead of last year at the same date. The explanation--if not the excuse--for this is a year ago this time the roads were blocked, some of them for a short time, others for an extended period. As a rg- sult few were on the road and" those that were had to be more or less careful. Which brings us down to the fact that when conditions of travel a t re at their worst, the record of killings on our roads is at its best. As a matter of tact, 79 per cent of all accidents in the United States last year occurred when drivers were proceeding straight ahead with no though of turning. "In other words," as Brest's Insurance News points out, "more than three-fourths of all automobile accidents happened under what should be the most favorable circumstances for them not happening! Do these figures indicate what they seem to?--simply that most accidents represent drivers' mistakes and nothing else? , "It would appear so; and many contend that actually 90 per cent of all motor fatalities result from simple errors drivers make--drivers who don't take that extra precaution." Answers to Questions Br F R E D E I t l C J. 1 I A S K I N AVliat are the characteristics of Jacobean furniture? E. W. Furniture of this period was chiefly oak, with straight line structure, and a sturdy, somewhat heavy appearance. Chairs had flat seats, and the straight turned legs yere strengthened by heavy stretchers near the floor. Carving vas cut into flat surfaces. Characteristic ornamental designs were .he running figure 8, semi-circles 'illed with petalsj a conventional- zed tulip, the Tudor rose, and geometrical figures. Typical pieces vere the chests and cupboards, sigh-backed wainscot chairs, tables and tall clocks. What docs calotype mean? II. G. A method of photographing by .he action of light on nitrate of ilver. It has been superseded by other processes but is occasionally used. Where is Louise Bryant Reed, viflow of Jolm Reed, and former vife of William C. Bullitt, living? V. H. , Louise Bryant died in France "an. G, 1936. What is pool-stage in reference o rivers? J. B. The weather bureau says pool- tage is a term applied to condi- ions effected by the dams, or by cmporary blocking o f - a rivor by debris, behind which water is re- ained when the overflow ceases. Is there a complete collection f photodTaplis of Kentucky derby vinncrs? F. H. The largest collection in exis- ence contains fiO of the 62 win- ling horses. L. S. Sulcliffe o£ Lex- ngton, Ky., owns this collection vhich lacks only Day Star (1878) nd Apollo (1882), and is striv- ng to find the missing photo- iraphs. Was the picture of (lie Great Vail in "The Good Earth" taken China? E. W. A replica of the Great Wall was made near Chalsworth, Cal. Many f the other scenes in the picture /ere taken in China. How many foreign consulates re located in New York City? ar. There are 61. How old is Cardinal Pacelli, anal secretary of state? H. B. He was born in Rome March 2, 876. Did Hucy Lonjr leave a large ortune? L. F. So far as is known, about 5150,00 in. insurance, a few thousand ollars' worth of stocks, and his ome which was mortgaged. How many cities in U. S. liave more than 100,000 population? W. In 1930, there were 93. Where Is the ski museum? W. 5. J. At Dartmouth college, Hanover, H., and opened by the Dartmouth outing club. What countries own or control most of the earth? C. R. S. Great Britain, first with control £ 13,172,000 square miles; Russia, r the Soviet Union, second, 8,44,000 square miles; France, lird, - 5,000,000 square miles; hina,., ^fourth, with 4,250,000' square miles; and Brazil and the United States are next with about 3,000,000 square miles. That accounts for about three-fourths o£ the earth. The remaining fourth is divided among some 60 odd countries. Does the government depository for gold at Fort Knox, Kentucky, have a moat? II. W. Two water-filled moats encircle the structure and are . provided with a device to. permit flooding of the underground vaults in the events of danger. This idea was copied from the Bank of England. How many cans of corn, peas and tomatoes. put u p . by. commercial canners? G. M. In 1935, estimated that over six billion cans of major vegetables-corn, peas, and '- tomatoes--were packed for the canning industry. How is .the American Red Cross mainfained? F. B. In normal times, all expenses are met through the Red Cross membership fees. During emergencies and crises, the special contributions which are made are devoted 100 per cent to the object for which they are given. How much has flic Japanese population of California increased since the 1920 census? K. W. In 1920 the number of Japanese in California was 71,952, while in 1930 the number had increased to 97, ·156. How many members of the house of representatives in con- press had not served previously in that body? T. N. Ninety-seven are new. BOOK OF MARVELS This attractive 48 page bookie* is filled with questions and answers that have been asked most frequently of our Washington information bureau, such as why is snow white? How are ocean waves produced? How is rayon made? Why does a magnifying glass magnify? The stories ot the sciences told in this book do not attempt to cover the field fully, but they do point out the highlights. They should interest all who wish to understand the ordinary happenings of everyday life. Order copy today. Inclose 10 jents to coyer cost and postage. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Fredric J. Haskin, director Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped in paper) for a copy of the booklet, "Everyday Science." Name Street City State : (Mail to Washington,, p, C.)

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