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E R jr 1 S . M E M ,1 A l l n r. " r T o F H O I N r. r NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES A L L - N O R T H IOWANS N E I G H B O R S " H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PIIESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY,' FEBRUARY 25, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 122 Amateur Economist Reader Proposes Way to Solve Labor Problem. By CHARLES' P. STEWART ASHINGTON -A reader of this c o l u m n , one H a r r y Stoddard, addressing me from Toledo, O h i o , has, to offer, a solution of this country's (and, for that matter, t h e w o r l d ' s ) capital and labor p r oblems, which he wants to publicize. He says it Is H "simple solution." I accept this assurance with my fingers mossed. Nevertheless. Mr. Stoddard evidently has done some thinking on his subject, which is more than most lolk have done. He may be a second Henry George, for all I know. Parenthetically, Henry George's plan never has been adopted. Anyway, why should not Economist Stoddard's scheme have a hearing? It : has at least one. merit --novelty, so fai- as I am aware. I do not know who Mr. Stoddard is. No Discredit to Him. But it Js no discredit to him that he is.not a recognized expert yet; there are plenty of recognized experts whose experlncss has accomplished nothing more tangible thus far than his scheme has. And his hasn't even had an audience. Let's listen. "Employ labor," urges Economist Stoddard, "on a commission basis, labor to receive 85 per-cent, while capital receives 15 per cent for furnishing the tools--building, tn,a c h i n e ry, management' and salesmanship. "Through this method," Mr. Stoddard. argues, "there will be a constant earning power of both capital and labor. No Drastic Changes. "In slack periods, when the earning power of each is reduced, .: there is less demand for commodi- ...ties.v-.Therefore the natural trend :%}tt ; :be^^varli"ii9wer'prices; hbld^ ''ing'' : the 'earnirig capacity : of each at a proper levy. Thus it will be unnecessary to make any drastic changes, in our present social system." No "drastic changes!" The plan can be adopted, Mr. Stoddard asserts, "by industry, agriculture, utilities and wherever capital and labor combine for existence. I do not quite see ho\v agriculture gels in on it, but Economist Sloddard admits that his program is "rather intricate--10,000 pages could be written concerning its benefits." Some of the 10,000 pages .should be awaited before one arrives at a fair judgment. As a. Stock Company. ' However, the author oC the proposal mentions various- details. "The plan can be operated," Mr. Stoddard suggests, "as a stock proposition, letting capital hold the preferred stock, while labor will hold the common or labor stock at no par value. "Each employe will receive the same amount of money a week. "The grading of employes will be done through the amount of labor stock each employe holds. "For example: "An untrained employe may be entitled to only 50 shares oÂ£ labor slock, while a highly-trained em- ploye possibly would be entitled to 100 shares. No Weekly Salary. "When idle, due to lack of work, the idle employe would be entitled only to earnings on his labor stock --no weekly salary." However, the idle employe would get'his labor slock dividends, subject to the employer stock's 15 per. cent preference. A "Save America Plan" is what Economist Stoddard calls his program. It will, he says "eliminate communism, strikes, depressions, the need for social security, the annual wage and numerous other defects of the present social system." So he isn't a radical. If his scheme is bug-house, it is not any more so than numerous others I have heard. advanced recently--and by so-called experts who rate, philosophically, high in the upper scientific brackets. Fear of Witch Led to Slaying,' Police Probers Theorize LOS ANGELES', (#)--Fear of a witch was the weird theory evolved Thursday in a sheriff's investigation of the slaying of Mrs. Natalie Garcia Lopez, 38. Capt. W. J. Penprase said her husband, Simon Lopez, reported an elderly Mexican neighbor accused Mrs. Lopez of witchcraft and putting a "hex" on him. The Mexican asserted a friend told him he could never hope to recover from a current illness until he had broken the evil spell. Officers began a search for the neighbor. Two bullet wounds in the head, the body of Mrs. Garcia was found yesterday in the Los Angeles river bed. t AMENDMENT OFFERED BY BORAH WOULD PERMIT MINIMUM WAGE LAWS IN STATES Proposal Would Let States Handle Own Social and Economic Problems. WASHINGTON, W -- Senator Borah (R-Ida.) introduced Thursday a constitutional amendment to limit the due process clause ol. the fourteenth amendemcnt so as to permit states to handle social and economic problems within their own borders. Borah's proposed amendment w o u 1 d repeal the fourteenth amendment and rewrite it to limit the due process clause to procedure, rather than substance, oÂ£ laws. He told newspapermen it would make constitutional the New York minimum wage law, which the supreme court held invalid last year. Makes No Comment. Borah tossed his proposal into the legislative hopper without comment on the senate floor, as the battle was raging warmer and warmer over President Roosevelt's proposal to reorganize the supreme court in an etfort to broaden the federal government's power to handle such problems. The Idaho senator, i long time student of constitutional problems and one at the outstanding opponents of President Roosevelt's proposal, said it would have a "decided tendency to limit the activity oÂ£ the federal gavcrnment" in the field of social and economic legislation. Could Meet Problems. "These problems of today could be met," the senator told news- papermery^:;"The.'_., state ~of.:.- New. York, for instance, ought *to be permitted to..work put its' own problems' without being Censored by a foreign government, which the federal government is .so far as social problems-are concerned. "My amendment would give the stales full power to handle social and economic problems within the states. Their laws could not be set aside provided the procedure was regular. The due process clause would be limited to procedure. The supreme court has held it covers the substance oC legislation." FILM WRITER IS SHOT TO DEATH Humphrey Pearson's Wife Found Sobbing in Bed With Body. PALM SPRINGS, Cal., OT-Humphrey Pearson, prominent film writer, was found shot lo death in his bed at his desert cottage at midnight here at this wealthy resort. Deputy Sheriff W.. W. Walrath said Pearson's wife, weeping and hysterical, was in the same bed when the tragedy occurred. Pearson was shot twice through the Â·-Â·hest, the deputy said, and had been dead more than an hour before a butler summoned him to the Pearson home. The butler reported his attention had been attracted by Mrs. Pearson's sobs. Police Chief Lloyd Boiler announced later the death pistol had been found, but declined to disclose its location. It had been discharged twice. Dined at Cafe. The chief said he learned the Pearsons had dined at a cafe with another couple, leaving for their residence by automobile later. Pearson was shot an hour after he returned home. He and his wile apparently had been drinking, Boiler declared, and his body fell across the bed, pinning Mrs. Pearson beneath.. The butler was quoted as saying the Pearsons were strongly dcvolcd to each other and not given to quarreling. Neither Boiler nor other investigators would advance a theory regarding the shooting, pending further inquiry. In 111 Health. Pearson had been in ill health in recent years, associates said, and spent most of his time at his des- ert'resort. He was about 40. A former advertising man, he wrote for both the radio and films. He did dialogue for "Broadway Babies" and collaborated on "What Price Hollywood." His adaptations include "Top Speed," "Going Wild," "Sunny," and "The Great Flirtation." Police Chiet Lloyd Boiler Â· nf Palm Springs took charge of (he investigation and was joined by Coroner Ben F. While of Riverside countv. Strike Epidemic Spreads Over Nation Rival for "Wally's" Hand? Has Edward, the Duke ol Windsor, a woiilrt-lje rival for the affections of Mrs. Wallis WarCiclil Simpson? That is what the world wonders as the French Riviera buzzes with talk that "Wally" has been seen several times in Cannes, France, with Nicolas Zographos, Greek (rambling magnate. He is seen, left, svbovc, dining with a friend at Dcauvillc, France. Zographos has been termed "the world's biggest gamlilcr." Â· Â· . Â· , 21,000 ORMDRE ARE JOBLESS IN LABORDISPUTES Wage Boost Ends One Day Boston Shoe, Leather Workers' Strike. STRIKES AT A GLANCE By The Associated Tress SANTA MONICA, Cal.--Several, hundred strikers h o l d Douglas Aircraft company plant for third day; 5,600 jobless. DECATUR, HI.--47 sit downers evacuate Century wallpaper mills; face contempt citations March Ifi. BOSTON--Hundreds jobless in New England shoe strikes; many firms agree lo pay hike. ST. PAUL -- Strikers picket Northern States Power company plants in St. Paul and Minneapolis; 300 to 300 in walkout. ELGIN, 111--BOO strike at Illinois Watch company; plant picketed; 300 jobless. D E T R O I T --Strikers hold dozen factories; Chrysler corporation agrees to consider union demands. Â· Son-in-Law of . - . . , Is Liqifflated "ADDIS. ABABA, (/P)-- Has;DesÂ£a Demtu, son-in-law of Halle Selassie and virtually the last card of the fallen "Lion of Judah" in his losing game to salvage part of. his kingdom, has been, tracked down and executed by the Italian conquerors of Ethiopia, they proclaimed Thursday. "He was turned over lo Ihe firing; squad immediately," reported Viceroy Rodolfo Grazumi, himself wounded in a reckless burst of bomb throwing by Ethiopian dissidents six days ago -- an incident which led lo the firing squad for hundreds of. chamma-clad natives of Addis Ababa. Ras Desta, who once was his father-in-law's envoy to the "United States, was captured west of the lake region, south of Addis Ababa, less than a week aCter his column was blasted apart in a battle at Goggetli. Last month, the relentless Graziani disclosed Thursday, the Italians gave Desta just seven days to submit. Benito Mussolini himself, it was revealed, ordered the -wily Ras, who often had promised to give up, to quit stalling. Desta escaped after the battle nf Goggctti, in which chieftains Ded.iaz the Ethiopian Beiene Mcrid . and Decljax Gabre Mariam captured and "liquidated." were Life Termer's Claim for Wages While in . Penitentiary Rejected DES MOINES,. (ft--The legisla- t i v e appropriations committee turned down Thursday a life term convict's claim for $06,725 in wages he declared the state owed him for 11 years work in prison. The "lifer" was George H. (Big George) Gibson, Thayer farmer convicted of the ambush slaying of Sheriff Fred Collings oÂ£ Cres- lon in May, 1926. Gibson's claim, presented to Asst. Atty. Gen. Don Burringlon, who placed it before the committee, declared he has been "held in slavery." "The committee decided," said Burrmgton, "that Gibson valued his labor in prison a little high. That's almost 59,000 a year." Gift Questioned-on Strawstack Murder DES MOINES, (fP)--Officers questioned Clarence Gift, 37, in connection with the 12 year old Carlisle "Strawstack murder" after bringing him here from the Warren county jail at Indianpla. Gift has been held at Indiariola since Jan. 31. He was arrested as a suspect at Salinas, Cal. Marriage Secret t Years. ATLANTIC, (/P)--Merrill L. Hayes, Atlantic, and Cathryn Schuler, Corning, announced their marriage aflcr keeping it a secret four years. They were married at Nebraska Citv. Nebr., in March. 1933. FLOOD THREATS Continued' Below 'Freezing Temperatures Prevail: Over.State. DES MOINES,- (/P) -- F l o o d threats' in southeastern Iowa lessened "considerably" Thursday with the continued below freezing temperatures w h i c h prevailed throughout the stale, (he weatherman reported. Iowa skies, for the most parl, were clear Thursday, following a mercury dip during Hie night, accompanied by show flurries at various points in the slate. Temperatures in Ihe slate averaged 12 degrees below normal. The weatherman 'forecast increasing cloudiness Thursday night with unsettled weather in store for Friday. He anticipated snow in the extreme western portion Friday and rising temperatures for the western section. The following low temperatures were expected for the state Thursday night:-northwest zero, northeast 5 below, southern half, 5 above. The official low reading for Ihe slate early Thursday was two degrees above reported by Iowa Falls and Charles Cily. Official high of the last 24 hours was 24 above reported by Council Blufls, Mount Ayr and Kcokuk. Residents Â· of Weaver vicinity, southwest o f . Burlington, feared the two inch rise ot the Skunk river late Wednesday at upstream points might lead to an additional flood outbreak. Meanwhile, the Green Bay bottoms near Burlington remained inundated as a rise in the Mississippi river put the stage higher than lhal of the Skunk river at its mouth. Marshal Exonerated After Shooting Man WATERLOO. (/P)-- A coroner's jury here Thursday exonerated Marshal Henry Kruse nf blame for the death of Paul Kline, 43, .shot Saturday night at La Porte Cily in a scuffle with the marshal. BUENOS AIRES, (#")--Eugenio 'ereyra Iraola,. 2 year old son of A wealthy and socially prominent Argentine family who disappeared Wednesday night, is believed to lave been kidnaped by gangsters police disclosed Thursday. Officials ordered a wide search for'the missing boy. The Buenos Aires provincial police were mobilized into emergency service as he hunt proceeded. Eugenio, officials declared, disappeared from his family's home The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Increasing cloudiness Thursday night, becoming unsettled Friday with snow in extreme western portion; rising temperatures in west portion Friday. MINNESOTA: Partly cloudy lo cloudy Thursday night and Friday; continued cold. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at B o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Wednesday 10 Above Minimum in Nisht 2 Above At 8 A. M. Thursday 4 Above Snowfall Trace Â· ff Â»I. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Slrike lines held taut across the nation Thursday as negotiators sought to compromise differences which kept an estimated 27,000 01 more employes in idleness. Â· industrial: unrest still affected 'automotive,.jayjaUqn;,:.ship- building, shoe manufacturing, printing baking, steel, electric equipment, wall paper, watch case making and electric power plants in scattered areas from coast to coast.: Rumblings of discontent were heard from the bituminous coal, steel and railway transportation fields, where unions were formulating demands for pay increases. Evacuate 2 Plants. Sit down strikers evacuated two plants peacefully upon court orders. Two score ended their two day sildown at Decatur, 111., where the Century Wail Paper company resumed operations. Another sit down of 11 pie bakers in Los Angeles, Cal., .resulted in surrender of the strikers. A one day sit down oC 944 2 Year Old Boy Feared Kidnaped by Gangsters at Mar del Plata, fashionable resort 230 miles south of Buenos Aires. He is the son of Simon Pereyra Iraola and a grandson of Senator Antonio Santamarina. Police concentrated their search on efforts to locate remnants of the kidnap band of Rogelio Gordillo, known as "Pibe Cabeza" (Baby Face.) They suspected Gordillo's followers were involved because they held up and robbed the boy's father three months ago. printers at the Crowell Publishing company plant in Springfield Ohio, lifted with an agreement foi union recognition and wage increase negotiations. A wage boost of 15 per cent for 14,000 shoe and leather workers ir the Boston area ended a one day strike, but union leaders pressed a drive for similar concessions in the Haverhill, Mass., shoe center. Settlements Arc Reached. Settlements also were reached in the Ferry-Morse' Seed company Artery corporation and the Palace Model Laundry plants, all in Detroit. But several new strikes, mostly affecting small groups, were called in that city. Anew, sit down started at the Vulcan' corporation, manufacturers of shoe lathes and wooden heels in Portsmouth, Ohio, employers of 500. Company officials said 200 sat-down but that no demands had been made. In Spokane, Wash., 200 unionized WPA workers, sat down in district headquarters demanding recognition of their group as sole bargaining agency and increased working hours. Aviation Slrike Spreads. Sixty men and women sat down in the H. Daroff and Sons clothing plant in Philadelphia, where an agreement had been reached Wednesday between the union and the company. A strike of aviation workers at Ihe Douglas Aircraft company in Santa Monica, Cal., spread Thursday to the Northrup corporation plant, a subsidiary employing I,- Chrysler Automobile corporation, employing 77,000 workers, agreed to confer with officials of the United Automobile Workers union next week to consider the letter's demands, including union recognition. U. A. W. A. and General Motors corporation conferees achieved tentative agreements oh seniority rights, speed of production and methods of pay. Form Picket Lines. Strikers at the Electric Boat company submarine shipyards in Groton, Conn., formed picket lines after their eviction as sit downers --first to be evacuated forcibly. State and city police watched as night s h i f t workers left the plant and walked through the lines early Thursday. Neither strike GET SENTENCES AT KANSAS CITY 7 Election Workers Given Terms of Six Months lo Three Years. KANSAS CITY, (/P)--Sentences ranging from six month jail terms to three years in prison were passed Thursday by Federal Judge Merrill E. Otis on seven election workers convicted of vote fraud conspiracy in last November's general election. Four women defendants who pleaded no defense were each placed on one year's probation. Three year sentences were given John A. Luteran. democratic precinct captain, and Frank. H. Adams, republican judge, both from the seventeenth precinct ol the twelfth ward. Edson M.. Walker, democratic judge in the thirteenth precinct of the same;ward,- was given a two year sentence. He will be sentenced Saturday on an attempted subornation of perjury conviction returned in a separate trial Wednesday. Others Are Sentenced. Other, sentences: Lome E. Wells, democratic judge, two years. John H. Drummon, democratic precinct captain, two years. Joe Wells, Jr., democratic clerk, a year and a day. Leo B. Roach, police patrolman, six months in j a i l . Placed on probation [or a year were Mrs. Cloc Albright, Mrs. Tessie Wears, Mrs. Callie Clark and Miss - Parl Sperry, all of whom pleaded no defense and testified for the government. . Judge Otis allowed appeal bonds, ranging down from ?5,000 for those receiving three year sentences, to $2,000. None of the convicted defendants responded lo an opportunity to make a statement before sentencing. Mrs. Albright Weeps. Mrs. Albright wept and touched her eyes with a handkerchief when Judge Otis placed her on probation. She testified Wedncs day Walker asked her to change the story she lold a federal agent after her i n d i c t m e n t with Walker last month. She was n republican precinct judge. The other defendants sat quietly, looking at the judge. Witnesses had told of a wholesale falsifying of election returns in the presidential and congressional races in the two precincts. The defendants were convicted in two trials, the first held since the" indictment of 75 election workers and officials by a grand jury instructed by Judge Albert L. Reeves to "reach for all, even if you find them in high author- African Chieftain's 2 Sons Sentenced for Stealing Crown ACCRA, Gold Coast Cnlnny, (.4 --Two sons of Sir Ofori Atla, f i r s t African c h i e f t a i n to be knighled by Great Britain, were sentenced to prison Thursday for stealing their father's golden crown. Atla is the ruler of the state of Akim Abuakwa. The crown, valued at SI,150, was stolen from the treasury house-at Kibi, capital of the statOj 60 miles north ot Accra. leaders nor company officials would start peace negotiations. A third Illinois strike--at the Illinois Watch Case company in Elgin--threw DOO employes out oJ work. Leaders of the GOO striking employes said they were participating in R "legal picket strike. The strike oÂ£ more than 300 electrical workers at St. Paul and Minneapolis caused the shutdown of two Northern States Powci company plants, one of them the largest electric generator in the northwest. Company officials sait: power service was maintained despite the walkout. \. LOOK I N S I D E FOR- BOB FELLER Io\ya Boy Filching Star Off for Training Camp ON PAGE 13 Winners Named in Two First Round Declams OH PAGE 3 F. R. Has Conferences on His Court Program ON PAGE 2 Open House for New City Hall on Friday ON PAGE 11 KIDNAPER ENDS HIS OWN LIFE Shoots Himself When Gil He Seized Escapes From Car. EMMETT, Idaho, M 1 )--Sheriff Boise Riggs said Thursday thai Kenneth Crowther, 22, shot himself to death on a ionely country road a few minutes after the girl he seized at a church Wednesday night escaped from his car. The girl, pretty Gynell Soom, 20 year old member of a church choir, heard Ihe shot as she ran f o r help. Crowther's f o r m e r sweelheart was returned to her home here in a hysterical condition, too dislraught to be questioned. Finding of the body in the automobile ended an all night search in which nearly every a d u l t in this southwestern Idaho town took parl. Screaming, liie girl was carried away Wednesday night while practicing n Sunday school program and placed in a roadster. Responding to her outcries, the townspeople raced to their cars and took up the chase. Emmett, with a population o[ 2,200, is 25 miles northwest of Boise, Idaho's capital. Court Refuses to Honor Reward Claim COLUMBIA, Mo., (ff) -- The Boone county court refused to honor the claim of Lewis B. Means, adjutant general, for a $400 reward offered for the arrest and conviction of slayers of a highway patrolman. Means fiied claim lo the reward after capturing Francis McNeiley and George McKeevcr, former rowans, sc tenced for the murder. HOUSE RECEDES ON CHANGES IN JOB BOARD BILL Action Halts Explanation of Johnson Sales Tax Bill by Sponsor, DES MOINES, (/P)--The Iowa louse backed down on its "curb" tmendments lo the measure providing for a three member, f u l l ime stale unemployment compensation commission Thursday,-mak- ng it possible for Gov. Nelson G. trascliel to name commission ne'mbers immediately. The senate earlier refused to concur in Ihc house amendments and sent the bill back to the lower chamber. This left it up to the louse lo either back down, or send .he b i l l to n conference committee. The vote on recession was to 49. The amendments at issue, inserted into the bill during a full day, bitter fight in the house along party lilies Tuesday, provided that commissioners would receive $3,300 each instead of ?4,SOt) as established in the bill passed by ihe senate. Sets $2,100 Limit. The senate also set a ?2,Â·!()() limit on the commission secretary's salary, but the house made this provision apply to all em- ployes and in addition required that not more than fin per r.ent ot the employes could be from any one political parly. The vole on final passage was 70 to 36. Representative C. L. Rice (D) of Delta, a democratic; floor leader, called up the question oÂ£ recession as soon as the house was informed oÂ£ the senate's action. This halted an explanation-^of. his sales tax bill by Representative C. G. Johnson (D) of Marathon, a right the house granted him prior to .continuing consideration of the homestead tax relict bill. A f t e r the unemployment compensation measure vote, the house failed lo go back lo immediate consideration ot the homestead measure. Urffes House In Recede. Rice urged the house to recede, declaring it was absolutely necessary to dispose oC the unemployment compensation setup by March 1, so t h a t the commission could be appointed and an a d m i n - istrator named rind approved hy the federal social security board, as the special session act provided. He roused several republican representatives to protest, including Dean W. Peisen of Eldora and B. B. Hickenlooper oÂ£ Cedar Rapids. Peisen declared that Town boards now are operating with a 5 per cent overhead and that it would be a bad precedent to allow the new board to operate on a It) per cent overhead as permitted by federal law. "Once these boards start spending money," he said, "you can't stop them. Noiv's the time lo do thai." "Just .1 BugahiM)." Hickenloopcr d e c I a r e r] lie thought the "musf order on the b i l l was "just a ' bugaboo" 'and added: "I w o u l d n ' t - g i v e a snap ot mi- fingers for a chance of amending this bili after, we back down on it," as one democratic representative suggested the house might do. Members argued back and forth before they finally got to a vote on a substitute motion by Rep. Robert Blue (R) of Eagle Grove to insist on the house amendments and sent the matter lo a conference committee. U was defeated, 49 to 57. While the house argued, the senate killed one of the emergency moratorium bills passed by the house but refused to kill another, voting to place it on the calendar. The bill which was indefinitely postponed would have granted installment plan buyers of land a moratorium on forfeiture of properly because nÂ£ f a i l u r e lo meet payments. Law .Reform Bill. Placed on the senate calendar was a bill to grant debtors an additional 5500 exemption from judgment. Earlier, the upper chamber passed, 40 to 1, a slate bar association law reform bill which would require defendants in criminal cases who wished to change their plea from guilty to innocent lo do so before Ihe court pronounced sentence. Sen. Edward Breen (D) oÂ£ Fort Dodge, chief sponsor of the measure, said it would prohibit defendants from "speculating," by changing their plea to innocent if a sentence was loo severe. Prior to the unemployment compensation board backdown fight, the house passed two bills. One would allow Des Moincs tq.