The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on April 11, 1934 · Page 13
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 13

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 11, 1934
Page 13
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FOURTEEN MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE APRIL 11 1934 Better Social Life Better Schools NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD) DAIRY PROBLEMS ARE DISCUSSED BY ED DICKINSON Government Back of Fanner, Says Dairymen's Delegate. At the county convention of dairymen of Cerro Gordo county, held March 23, Edward Dickinson of Lime Creek township was chosen to represent the county at the state meeting in Des Moines April 4-5 to - consider p l a n s for reduction of dairy products. Mr. Dickinson has been a dairyman all his life. He has several farms which are s t o c k e d with dairy cattle. There are 35 cows on the home farm and he has an interest in 100 Ed Dickinson. C0 ws b e s i d e s which he actually milks and feeds cows and makes them pay. Glad He Went. Asked what was his impression of the Des Monies meeting Mr. Dickinson said. "I was very glad I went. Those present discussed the dairy problem very intelligently. There was every opportunity given the delegates to support or object to the several plans proposed. Slips of paper were given on which questions were written and answered by authorities in charge of the program. A time limit of five minutes was placed on speakers. "Most of the discussion was on whether, or not the lo-called Wallace plan of reduction by quota on production should be adopted. The other plans were to take out low producing cows and to eliminate diseased cows. "Roughly speaking, about three- fourths of the fll delegates present were in favor of the Wallace plan of appointment. A minority favored other plans and some were fearful that we were headed toward a dictatorship, in government. Chosen in the way they were, the meeting represented all shades of political opinion. Some Opposed. "Some were opposed to a processing tax, holding, that the tax would come out of the producer. It was pointed out, however, that unless something was done to lessen the milk supply every dairyman -would pay-several times the processing tax in the lower price he would be getting for his milk as a result of increased supply and decreased buying power of the consumer." "It was stated," said Mr. Dickinson, "that Iowa was responsible for 30 per cent of the late increase in milk production. "The department asked for a reduction of not less than 10 per cent on the milk supply. If the methoc chosen was that of taking out unprofitable cows it would take 5,500,000 of such cows to lower the production 3 per cent and 7,500,000 average cows to lower production 10 per cent. Most Effective. "It appeared to the convention that the most effective way was by direct reduction of the milk supplj by the quota method. It was pointei out that feeding less grain woul · reduce the supply as well as cheap en the product and enable the dairy man to keep those cows that h knew to be good producers. "Attention was called to the de stability of advertising milk pro ducts in the way that tobacco an beer was being pushed, and also t the plan to spend $5,000,000 of th appropriation in furnishing milk t undernourished children in cities. "The general feeling among th delegates wag that this was th first time in their experience tha the farming class had the govern ment behind it .in in its efforts t better its condition. "We realize that the consume and the producer are both cogs the same wheel and that no on can move until we all go." Seed Demonstration Given. GARNER, April 11.--Count Agent S. J. Oberhauser has hel meetings in various parts of Han cock county on demonstration an treating of seed grain. Swamplands, Regarded Worthless by Settlers, Brought CrystalLake-Hayfield Farmers $500,000 Last Season YOUR BEST MARKET HIDES and WOOL Wolf Bros. 810 Fifth St. S. W. We Pay More for HIDES AND WOOL --See-CARL STEIN Before Yog Sell DEAD Animals of All Kinds Removed MasonCityRenderingCo. We pay phone calls, Phone 1096 Beds, Long Idle, Prove Gold Mines to Operators. Old swamplands of the Crystal ,ake and Hayfield region of North ancock county, regarded as worth- ss until the last few years, brought ierators of truck gardens close to half million dollars for their 1933 op, according to computations at have now been completed. Shipments out of that section ince the harvest of the crops last all include 456 carloads of potatoes and 160 cars of onions, besides an stimate of 200 cars trucked out and hipments of mixed cars of vegeta- es that included cabbage and carts. 273,600 Bushels Raised. The average carload of potateos Is bout 600 bushels, making a total of 3,600 bushels raised on the peat ands. Those familiar with the prices ceived by the growers estimate an wage of 51 a bushel, making tal gross income of 5273,600. Each carload of onions contained e equivalent of 500 bushels, which ere sold at an average price of 75 nts a bushel, or 560,000. In addi- on thsre were considerable quanti- es of other vegetables and large juck shipments. The prices received for their prod- its the past season have proved a ran to the truck garden operators the peat bed belt. According to hris Gillstrap, former Crystal Lake anker and now in charge of the ortgage department for the Inde- endent Order of Foresters, who rst launched peat farming in the rystal- Lake district, these ship- ents could be tripled. Could Raise More. "Iowa only raises a small part of hat it consumes in potatoes and ther vegetables and there is no oubt but that this industry could e developed materially, especially n land such as we have in north ancock county," he said. The peat bed near Crystal Lake tvers an area of 800 acres. It, how- ·er, is only one of several peat bed rmations in the northern Hancock and southern Winnebago region. Although a drainage ditch went irough the region draining the ·rystal Lake swamp in 1910, it was ot until 1925 that the value of this rea for growing of crops was ealized. For more than half a century ailroad engineers and road builder; lattled the swamps, while settlers ought the higher ground, regarding the peat areas as worthless. \Some, discouraged at the extent of the wamplands, left the country after a year or two, believing that Hanock county had no future. Were Gold Mines. They never dreamed the bogs anc mudholes they were avoiding were veritable gold mines of wealth in ood for growing vegetation and the most valuable land in the county All it needed was someone to poinl he way with proper drainage and cultivation. Drainage engineers came from Illinois and Indiana, N. R. Nelson John Inman, E. O. Rood, Henrj Steffen and others constructed ma chinery to drain the swamps. Laws were passed making possible the or ganization of drainage districts with the result there are now in Hancock county about 120 of thesi districts. The first attempt to cultivate th peat land was in 1923 when H. B Russell planted 90 acres of potatoe on the muck lands of his farm southeast of Crystal Lake. He ha lived at Ames near the state col lege, but it is not known whethe he received any training there o the handling of peat land. His ven ture, however, was practically failure. He got only 2,400 bushels or about 27 bushels to the acre. With Hollandale Group. Regarding the Russell venture a failure, no one attempted to uti ize the peat lands in 1924. In 192 a Mr. Colak planted two acres onions on mineral lands. He got 40 bushels an acre. Meanwhile the development of th Hollandale section in southern Min nesota got underway, with Mr. Gii strap associated with the Payne In vestment company in the operatic TRUCK FARM OPERATIONS IN HANCOCK COUNTY 3. B. HAAN AND COMPANY SPRAYING POTATOES ON CRYSTAL LAKE FARM SACKING THOUSANDS OF BUSHELS OF POTATOES CHRIS GBLLSTRAP and Albert Hass, supreme president, ngaged Mr. Gillstrap to have harge of operations there. .'As the size of the truck gardening perations expanded buyers came rom all sections of the country at arvest time and the products were elivered direct to cars, where the ;rower received his money immediately. The last season, however, proved the most successful year from the tandpoint of income to growers, and an increase in acreage is ex- jected this spring. It is estimated lancock county has 25,000 acres of ieat lands. author PULSE OF THEFARM By the Farm Editor Just lately there has blossomed out here and there, a movement to jeautify our highways. The staring point seems to have been Ames and the state college. The idea is commendable but it is late in starting. It seems to be a race between utility and beauty, with utility several laps ahead. The modern roadmaker has already stripped the highway of every bush, tree, shrub and even grass from fence line to fence line. The conservation fellows shoulc have started first. The Charles Citj Press says: J. N. Darling declares that the CWA locusts have cu' away more trees than all the CCC camps can plant in the next ten years. As high as 109 tons of soi an acre have been washed off an nually in southern Iowa and Mis , .. . . souri that should never have been Seeing the success of the Hollandale d enu ded of vegetation, he claims project Mr. Gillstrap engaged a - -· · - · ----«-- chemist to test the soil on 240 acres of peat land he obtained in a trade for a building in Eagle Grove. This chemist assured Mr. Gfflstrap the Crystal Lake peat was, if anything, superior to that in southern Minnesota. After a crop of flax the first year and plowing the next, Mr. Gillstrap planted 35 acres of onions in 1926. This was the first attempt to raise onions on peat land in the Crystal Lake district and Immediately proved a success. The onions went 750 bushels an acre and sold at a premium on the market to E. H. Royer, a broker at Des Moines. Potatoes on the same type of soil went 350 to 500 bushels an acre. This Was Beginning. This proved the beginning of large developments in the Hancock county peat lands. Others became interested. Hollandale had federal inspection and Mr. Gillstrap and other truck growers got this extended to Crystal Lake through Iowa State college. Adjustments were sought and procured on freight rates. In 1928 the M. B. A. society became interested in 400 acres of peat land two miles north of Hayfield Darling is our ity on conservation. Similarly there are roads tha used to be beauty spots before th road grader got in its work that ar now reduced to the one common pattern, a high grade and two gap ing pitches, mostly unseeded t grass. It is conceded that primary road and secondary roads are built fo use and anything that interfere with that purpose will have to g but there are miles and miles o road that still have hazel bushes sumac, Virginia creeper, crab ap pie, thorn apple, wild rose and con volvulus along side or on the fences which will all disappear if the roa grader gets there before the con servator. Roads in Allamakec. The editor of Decorah Publi Opinion says: We asked Mr. Hansmeier abou progress in road improvement in his township in Allamakee county which is quite famous for that work and has about 20 miles of local roads that are surfaced with crush ed rock, with the prospect tha every farm home in the townshi; will have a hard road to its doo WTUJtAM BROZEK CULTIVATING ONION FIELD a year or two. He tells us that he county grades the roads to be urfaced and provides the crushed ock, which the farmers haul and ilace on the roads free of charge, a plan that has been under way for everal years and which the farmers of that township are enthusiastic about. Community Gardens Again. The community garden plan of self help is being promoted in the ,-icinity of many towns and cities n Iowa. Seeds and plants are being lurnished and an opportunity given :o those who are inclined that way, ;o lessen the cost of living and en- ioy an abundance of vegetables dur- ng the coming season. It is unfortunate that the plots are sometimes situated at considerable distance from the home. Auto Sales Gain. Whether it is a sign of returning prosperity or not the auto industry seems to be moving some cars. For the state, 1,107 new cars were sold in January and 1,822 in February with a still greater increase expected when the March sales are in, However, it is to be noted that 14 counties showed less sales in February and these were in counties containing a large city and the high figure was not more than 10. So it may safely be said that the Iowa farmer is not yet buying a new automobile. According to a report of William G. Murray, economist o: Iowa State college, Iowa land is still carrying a mortgage deb which is twice that of the 1910-14 period when prices were consider ably higher than they are now. Giddings Re-Elected Head. WESLEY, April 11.--At the an nual meeting of the Cemetery asso elation, the old officers were re elected with A. E. Giddings, presi dent; Mrs. Guy M. Butts, secretary Mrs. Bertha Looft, treasurer, an board members as follows: John Carlson, Mrs. Looft, Jorgen Skow Mrs. W. W. Sturdivant, Olaf Funne mark and A. E. Giddings, Charle Price was reappointed caretaker, Assistant in Creamery. WESLEY--Erling Flom has gon to Morning Sun where he has ac cepted as position as assistant i the creamery. He graduated from dairy course at the Iowa State col lege at Ames in March. NEW DAIRY TAX PLAN EXPLAINED o Reduction Below Present Low Winter Months Contemplated. The new plan proposed at the tate dairy meeting in Des Moines :alls for a processing tax of one :ent a pound on hutterfat content, gradually to he increased to five cents. No reduction of output below present low winter months levels is planned, hut co-operating farmers are to he asked to cut their sales from 10 to 20 per cent below their 1932-33 averages. Would Get 40 Cents. For each pound of butterfat reduced the farmer would get a benefit payment of 40 cents; for each 100 pounds of surplus fluid milk reduced the payment would be about 51.50. About 5225,000 is to be set aside to advise the farmer on the best methods of reducing his production. At least 55,000,000 is to be used in buying healthy, good-producing cows in surplus dairy- regions to be distributed on easy credit terms to cowless farms. The 1930 census showed that about 1,500,000 of the nation's 6,000,000 farms have no cows. About 68 per cent of the cow- less farms are in the south, where milk consumption, even in rural regions, is sub-normal. To Eradicate T. B. Another $5,000,000 is to be used to speed up eradication of bovine tuberculosis. There are about 600,000 tubercular cows in the country, it is estimated, and it would cost about $40,000,000 to eliminate all of them. States already have set aside about 59,000,000 for the purpose. Because a processing tax may increase the price of butter five cents a pound and the price of milk one- half cent a quart, $5,000,000 is to be used in distributing milk to needy children in cities to offset a possible decline to production. Perhaps one reason the anti-dueling law is not enforced in France is because French duelists are such poor shots.--Watertoivn Times. MILK SHORTAGE ISN'T LIKELY IN PRESENT PLANS Consumers Need Have No Fears, According to A. A. A. Officials. Consumers need have no fears that the dairy adjustment program which farmers in Iowa and other states are now considering will create a milk "famine" or even a shortage of milk for children and other consumers in the cities, according to A. A. A. officials. They believe that consumption of fluid milk in cities should be increased rather than decreased since the plan calls for an expenditure of $5,000,000 to provide milk for underfed children. The proposed reduction from the 1932-33 sales quotas would come primarily out of the surplus milk supplies and would not exhaust that surplus. Statistics compiled by the A. A. A. show that farmers producing for nearly all the larger cities are now forced to sell from 10 to 40 per cent of their milk as surplus for manufacture into butter, cheese, evaporated milk and ice cream mix. Farmers receive lower prices for this milk than they receive for first class milk. In addition the proposed plan seeks to hold gross sales of dairy products about where they are now. The reduction' is sought from the high average of 1932-33. Without such a reduction, A. A. A. officials say, there is threat of a flood of milk which would further undermine dairy prices, drive herd owners out of business and leave consumers facing a problem as to future milk supplies. It is estimated that at least 100,000,000 pints of milk, and perhaps more, could be supplied to undernourished children with the 55,000,000 fund proposed for this purpose. Another $5,000,000 would be spent in transferring cows to needy farm families which are now without adequate milk and food supplies. This would Increase rather than decrease the present use of milk by the consuming public, according to A. A. A. officials. Should the present program be adopted Iowa would rank fourth in the benefits received. Iowa's estimated share of the payments would be $9,240,000. Wisconsin, New York and Minnesota would receive larger total benefit payments under the proposed plan. DETERMINES SEX OF BABY CHICKS Japanese Expert Working in Hatchery at Elgin. WEST UNION, April 11.--The Capper hatchery at Elgin is the first hatchery in Iowa to give segregated chick service in purebred stock and also one of three hatcheries in the middlewest to give such service. The work is done by a native of Japan, Toyosatu Sugano of Yokohama, sent out by the Japanese segregating society of the Imperial university. He is the only Japanese chick sex expert at work in the United States, although some of the Pacific coast hatcheries have had the services of a Japanese expert by taking their chicks across Seen Through a Windshield By A. P. --One lone frost boll on graveled road in April and that very feeble. Winter of 1933-34 remarkable for lack of snow banks, mudholes and no use for auto chains. · --Conventions of blackbirds Immediately following last snow. Enthusiastic but disorderly -- everyone speaking at once. One wonders if they return to the same locality year after year. --Earliest farmer seen seeding and discing on April 8. Total absence of wet edges and corne "This is our busy week." --First summer day with temperature above 70. Driving west in late afternoon, air filled with flies, bugs and millers awakened from their winter's sleep. If you are growing old, don't poul about it Only the people who die young do not grow old. You have nc right to think that you are entitled to the special privilege of remaining young. That privilege has never been granted to any person on this earth.--Atchison Globe. OATS SEEDING IS WELL ADVANCED Reed Reports Work Being Done in Southern and Western Iowa. DES MOINES, April 11. Oats seeding Is well advanced in southern and western counties, Charles D. Reed, government meteorologist and crop bureau director, reported today. His report, the first of the weekly crop bulletins, added that oats seeding has been started in a few central and northeast counties. Barley seeding also has started. Early seeded oats are up in southeast and south central counties. A little spring wheat has been seeded in western counties, but the acreage is small, Reed said. Winter wheat which survived has been benefited by warmth and showers of the last few days, he added. The cold 10 days at the end of March gave spring seeding a late start, he said. Lack of precipitation is especially acute in east central and southern districts, Reed asserted, and was favorable for chinch bugs. the border into Canada. Willis Clack, president of the Wisconsin hatchery at Madison, is the promoter of the venture. Besides his own hatchery at Madison the services of the Japanese is sold to the Capper hatchery at Elgin and the Laplant hatcheries at Green Bay and West Bend, Wis. Mr. Sugano spends a day at each hatchery, the work necessarily makes a long day at tedious labor, so his rest and sleep periods come while enroute to the next day's work. Seated before a table, in front of a 300-watt electric light, the sex expert is able to segregate from 500 to 700 chicks an hour. His contract with the Capper hatchery guarantees 5,000 chicks for a day's work, but he will continue until the work is finished, up to 10,000 chicks. Often he puts in 16 hours a day. Compensation by the Capper hatchery for the service is 2 cents a chick. However, this sum does not all go for wages of the expert, there being several other items of expense connected with the service. The inevitable question is, how can he tell? That is developed through his training. The chick is grasped firmly but carefully in his left hand, a little squeeze of his right hand makes it possible to determine the sex. Into one box are dropped the pullets and into another are dropped the cockerels. Capper's guarantee is 95 per cent accurate. A check up of Sugano's work with them on 45 white Leghorn cockerels by posting showed a 100 per cent accuracy. William Penn was expelled from Christ church, Oxford, because he and some companions, all Quakers, tore the robes which they considered papistical, from the backs of fellow students. IT PAYS TO SOW GOOD SEED WE HAVE THE BEST IRUP. KING 'CLOVE! AMD 'ALFALFA SEEI Germination and Purity Guaranteed *= NORTHWESTERN DISTRIBUTING CO., Inc. MASON CITY, IOWA 436 SECOND ST. N. E. IF COLUMBUS HAD KNOWN THE WORLD WAS SUCH A BIG PLACE HE WOULDN'T HAVE F£LT SO FAR AWAY FROM HOME WHEN HE GOT ACROSS THE POND! Here's REAL NEWS You don't have to go far from home to dis-.,, cover the ONE shop where you are guaranteed expert repair work on your starter,generator, carburetor and speedometer, Just call upon the Central Battery and Electric Co. We are the authorized "United Motors Dealer" for Mason City since 1920. PHONE 494 111-119 SO.DELAWARE AVE BIG NURSERY STOCK at FIELD'S Trees and Shrubs RjP For Your Home Right here at Field's Mason City store you can get Just the trees and shrubs you want. And you'll find Field's prices are very reasonable. Fruit trees, ornamental trees, shade trees, forest tree seedlings, hedging plants, evergreens. VVe^also have grapevines, strawberry plants, raspberries, asparagus plants, hardy perennials, peonies and Iris. Field's Farm Garden Seed SPECIAL LOT OF GARDEN SEEDS, jj-| A A 35 packages for V 1»VU All Kinds of GARDEN SEEDS in bulk and package. Field's seeds grow. GARDEN 4C 7C PLOW V»». I «* LAWN GRASS MIXTURE Grows finest lawn In a hurry. Shaker top box. 15i/i ounces. Was 75c. While our supply lasts, box BROODER *A 7 STOVES $U./ latest Type Oil Stoves. AGRICO FERTILIZER for tawns, Trees, Shrubs RED CLOVER, bushel TIMOTHY, bushel SWEET CLOVER, bushel GRIMM ALFALFA, bushel DAKOTA 12 ALFALFA, bushel FANCY SELECTED OHIO SEED POTATOES, per 100 HAY AND PASTURE MIXTURES, (M CC bushel ·P'X.UJ AUTO TIRES AND BATTERIES FOR ALIi CARS. Money-Saving Prices. $8.95 $3.95 $3.75 .75 59.75 EARLY $1.95 HENRY FIELD SEED STORE 514 South Federal Ave. Phone S70 Mason City, Iowa

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