The Evening Post from New York, New York on March 28, 1818 · Page 2
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March 28, 1818

The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

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Saturday, March 28, 1818
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. rw. v.:aw l - .l lh f,U..mr - MeHan Wli ; traraitted bj the President of the U. St to nnth HlMiIM Of tUoeSTOSe - ' : - " ' Tt Iht SauUt mi Umt if JleprumUUittt ef . thtUnited biota.. la we coarse oi w w tfcii.ii onimenred with tbe government of Ihe Se - therlaed. with view to the revival tod robdi - maijoa of the rosuioercisj treaty existing be tweeti the two fcouDtrie, adapted tf their pre 'eenl circumstances. ."' - ""' . - The Report from tbe ' Secretary of State, ' which I" now hy hefor Congress, will show Ihe ohilM In which arose iti th proercts of me eonf rencea between the respective plenipoten tiaiie. and which resulted in the agreement between them to refer the subject to the con tia of tlieir reanective eof etnuiant. At the difficulties, annear to be of a nature which n wrhiM tar the Dreent be wore easily re . movea p reciprocal iimi formed in the spirit of emit and conciliation, than bv eonveo'ional stipulations, vuiigic mar think it advisable to leave the subsisting ' treat in ita present state, and to onset the bbe - . ' r j:.,..;..:iin tiinnarp OU - I . . i V". " Xi s tl Nether - : lands to the vessels of the U. glutei, by ' uni - ' Ur wmptiou t lhe,ve..cl of the Ncthcrland. a a Miiiu'ii mi ntfn LiM.cubu : Whkh bsve arived, or may hewaiier arrive ' our port. ; cotesjencin? iron me .iu r fn (he vessels Oi the r Unittd Stair.. I would further recommend to the cowideration of Congress tne expediency of extending the benent oi u '"uc ic6uimu to commence from the p wage of tM law w me of Truss ia. Hauibure, and Ureoiea; and of making it prospectively general in favour of ewrv nalion ui wiitue porti the yetteU of the united naiei ore pamuvtu iw .w....4 ai their owo. ' JAMES MONROE. JIrtAJ9, 1818. i . . nrrAHMEUT of iriTr, . v . 17tb March, 1818. , Ty Cnfan nf Slat hat the hunour of tub - 'iltiiiR to the cooperation of tlie Prrident the tomwodeoce herewith enclosed, between the Enroyj Lxtrnordinary of the liuted fetate at the Court of Uie Neiherlandt, and tlie Pleiii - pottniiariei appointed by that government for the curv" - of renewinf and extending tlie Com - ., i. I... . i L . uercial ji reuiy uirewijr iuu ircni ic two countric. 1 he failure of thii nejjocialion U Ui le attributed principally t two olmtui'lei which arose in the progreM of tlie dixcutiiom tntwern - the reipective i'lonipotcntiarieat one proceeding from an eaaential principle in the commercial, regulation of thii country, and the other from a principle of likehRiucter ra the kingdom of the Netherlands The law of - 3d March, 1815, authorizing a partial repeal of the discriminating duties which operate against foreign shipping, and the merchandise imported in them, required, as a con dition of that repeal, Ihe aholition of all discri minating or COUBiertaiuiig uuuu aiij lun in nation to whose advantage it thonld enuie, to far as they operate to the diiadvuutagn nf the United Sialea and on Uiis condition the acts of the United states, imposing discriminating riii - tie, were declared to bo rejiealed only so far U renpect the produce or manufacture of the natim to which the foreign ahip or vessel might belong. Tlie law, therefore, required a total abolition of dicriininatingor countervailing duties in the foreign nxtion, operating against the Unittd States, and offered only a pnrtiul repeal of our dicriminaling duties, which operated aeniiiat them, in return. . From an imperfect view of Uie provision of this act, which can be fully understood only by collating it with tlie general system and the purticular provisions of the acts imposing (iiscnuiinui'n ; aunts, pari of which ouly It nroiHiicd to n real, tlie itoveru JaC d l oi ino n biiienaiiuB, nuu uiui - ia, ffiriwur ,u A - I" I - kT At I . . J - .. .1 ..11. 4. have understood it a offering a Mai repeal of all discriminating dutio, at well or tonnage as upon merchandise of every decrijtion, witliout distinction of oririn. The power of the Presi dent a, however, restricted by the terms of the law. - The law of the Netherlands imposed diacriiuinating duties of formate, and on mer chandise J0iiorted in loreitn veseii, but wild out any distinction with retard to the origin of the mercnanrtiie. vnen, ineiriore, mey re Yoked their discriminating duties so far as re Meted tlie United Slates, they considered tliemschrcs, by the act of Congress of 3d March, 1815, entitled to a total repeal of the discriminating duties in the United States, Derating against (be in, not only the tonnage duties, but thoc onon merchandise, whether of the pro duce or manufacture of the Netherlands, or of nv nlher country. This was. however, not warranted by the art of 3d March, 1U15, nor Could it be stipulated by treaty, without ini - olv inz consequences aflti'linir the c.miini rcial re lations between the United States and other countries. The revocation of tlie discriminating dull" upon merchandise imported in vessels ol the Netherlands, would be 01 little avail if limited to ui tides the produce or mumifnclureof that count i y, the principal part of whose exiwrta - t ons consist of the produce and manufacture of others. Hut, on Uie other hand, if that distinction in our navigation and revenue laws should be broken down wilh respect to one nation, it could he wilti difficulty, if at all, maintained with regard to any other. i Thb other dilhVulty wiiich occurred in the ne gotiation, related to tlie admission of vessel of the United State iuto tlie colonies of the Ne - the Hands, if not upon the same footing a into the port of the Netherlands in Europe, at least upon that of tlie most favored nation. To tlii it was objected by the I'lenipotvntiarirs of Uie CThcrln.ls. that certain fuvor were granted by tin in 'o other nations, themselves possessing col inies, for the equivulent of similar favors conceded in return, which could not lie conceded to ' nali'n Ksseiiig no colonics, and therefore not enabled to concede the euiiiviilcnt. The same objection having been made by the Prili - b totcrniuent to the admission of vcswl of the United State into their eolonies, it npenr to dej'Tve att nti' how far the principle ilsell i. iiistifiahlrt, end how fur Hie United Mutes ought to acqnie'e in it. There Rre various ground upon which It appear otyuctionalile. I. t(ecauc ail the other maritime states, osc;iing colonies more or less significant, a classitication, however general in terms, which applic, !)) way of eicluHon, to the United State alone, i ma - nifistly a measure savouring ofhoslility to them, a mii'h a if it was applied to them by uarae. 2. Ite - !use the United Slates, njt only by the constat t and unparalleled rapid increase of tlieir own p - uUi'.o, hot by the great enlargement of their teinloty and the admission of new f tilts, pnJucin almost nil thv artk'les of r.u - rope.vi co.ooiis in this hcniii.liere, afford to all this coniiuen - ial nntions of F.ur.iiie an equivalent aimilnr in ito:ide, and intiniMy nure valuxhle tliao the mere adoii - siuo. to two or thiee small Wands of tlie We,i lmli, , whi li is al! that some of t! l.urope in sut cun Kr,mt for acres to the col a.ie ,.f ;:i ofn - r. S. Ihe United tale nave a just claiiu in - f tradw with mo't of rhivloeie of Ui - A - t lnt.i Minds founded la Uie occa.ua! mill p - n. i il ncr'it ;e of the Isjttr - r. If the I niied fltr. s h - uld exm i?, their uaf v f i nV.W right ofmneiing prohibition with pit - lii iiiio i, tike very exismie of tlie isUoo would b. - iq ieo;.ardr whenever ther sbubki be viited Sir UiMe hurrirane wiiich to reqoer.uy liavn amon them. I wmdJ be niener.Mr, ond sCarcelvr rei oncilcahle t the principk of human'tr, shonld the l'nib;d Elites avail uiemseivrs ui iinHe ealamilou ixcuiren - ee f(.p, on their pirt, thf" in'ciconrse which at all ether titoe is interdicted to them. hy ti".e la - .v of Istilir, no society ran lie ju - tiHable in - .dotting measure towards another Ute, which may compel the latter to retaliate, hunjaaity i yet aucb If tha character of the I . ' ' j i ..i r ih Euronean wreral of the uxoan tereoani permitted by notioM Utween their coloaie u vr" die and the United SUtM. J nai - .!! i . L - tr ihj excianiw w ' wiiiiin ine iw u jt - llt. i.i; .i, Tenets in'iauic , i,yv. nd and their rUd Woo, ""' eyer, saving tue coiooy irow , nB,onai tion. There Is something so glurmgly "oeqeal iS lnrinhe. ' Z iffi nnot Mrf sea ble of it, ana o - b - ,Xou po" pniP r r'r' and 1 . ? Vs. ..rket with reciprotity. . .l ,i.n. as the rovcrniueot of the Netherlands have placed the vessels of the Uni ted States, arriving in uieirpon., , r toonaciulie,on the same fooUng wiUi their polity to ettend the same principle to the Teasel of tlie Netherlands, arriving jn the ports of. ,r tsi nuiitiinj m uc ivuoi"'" ih VfA Stare. The same Uberaliiv may ue eitended to the vessels of Prmsia, Hamburg and Bremen, who, by Tirtue of the line regulation in their renertive norts. have claimed the Be nefit of the proffer made in the law of 3d March, IRIS. A an act of congress i necewary for the porpoM. perhapa the moxt expedient counc would be to make it erencral, and, limiting its operation to tlie tonnage duties, or cliarses opon vesaols, to declare that no other or higher duties of that description than are paid by vessels - of the Unite! States, shall do pniu in the port of tlie United State by the viwscls of any European nation, in whose porta no o - ther or higtier duties of tlie same kind are paid by vewlft of tlie United States, than bv (he vessels of such Euroiiean nation itself. The measure in respect to the Netherlands is of immediate urgency : the regulations in favor of tlie vessels of the United States there hav - ing already been more than a year in force, in the confidence that the corresponding measure on the pari of the United States would have been. adopted of course, by virtue of the act of 3d March, 1815. JOHN QU1NCY ADAMS. NEW - YORK ErEMKa POST. Saturday, march sr. J - HoitUtty of Spain. Out readers will see, by the document publ'shed this evening, which wns received by this, morning's mail, by the way of Baltimore, and furnished us by the kindness of a riend, that the Spaniards have already struck th lint blow. Tlie ihip (leaver, owned by John Jae?b Aator, of this city, and laden with a very valuable cargo, and the brig Canton, of Salem, have been seised at Taleahuana,antl their crews thrown into prison, for being engaged in a trad which tbo mother country had considered unlawful, but which the patriots, in possession, had declared freo. . For trading; with those port American veucl are seized and thoir crews im prisoned, while British vessels are permitted to trado unmolested. Against such an act of boiWity, the governor of Chili, very spiritedly has, as will be seen, entered his protest, as a breach of Ihe law of nations, in doing violence to a neutral port. The particulars aro trans - mitled to congress, and will probably soon appear in an official form. Troubled for Ihe - KtwYork Evening Pott.' Trom the Buenos Ayres Gazette, of the 3d of January lact, we have translated an account, puhli.hed in the Chili Gazette of Saturday the 6th of December, If) 17, from tho tentorial quar ter of Conception on the 22 J of November, 1817, Flotation nj Ihtlaw of nation By Mr. Fian - oil Uteres, second supercargo of tho American ihip Beaver, which sailed from the port of New - York, detained to the North. West Coast, the isl and of Japan, and Canton, who took refuge in this place the fifteenth instant, after havinz esca ped with five other individuals from the prison of I alcahuana, where they were couDued, we have been informed, that having approached this orl in search of water, wood and fi Hi provisions, af ter a voyage ol 1 lib days, the ahove ship was surprised in the vicinity or the inland of tuin - qitinire by an armed force, who took poj;ssioii ol her, ana iminediaicly organ to search an t plunder whatever they could lay their hand - upon, witliout sparing the clothe?, paper, and other necessaries of the officers of that ship ; and after having committed the greatest eicessesand insulted them in the gro'seit m:innor, cariied her to Talcahuana, when having stripped the vessel of her sails, and whatever was nure.'sai v to enable her to continue her voyage, they l:iud ed her crew, and adopted against thctn every hostile measure which nations the ino&t inimir al itse agaiuit one another ; endangering, at the same time, tho vetcl aud all her cargo, which accordion to the invoice price in the U. States amounted to more than two huudred thousand dollars. They behaved in tho tame manner to the A morican bri" Canton, from Salem, Ircatiu; iu the like nianu'T Mr. J.iinci Janisou. rmJ her u percargo, Mr. Coffin, who touched at the same port twenty days before If iti ship Beavrr, as she was oil her route to the North West Coast aud China, which, with her cargo worth eighty thou sand uoiiars in goous, was ueuareu I y tno go vernor ofTal:ahnam a good and lawful prize they also rnhbed him of eighty thousand harj dollars which lis was conveying to China, and as Mr. Reeves thinks, they will take both vessels immediately to Puerto Callo. Such proceedings show, in the clearest light, the periidy and barbarity of our enemies, who. wilhont paying the least respect to the individuals of a iieutial nation, have violated, in tho most scaud.doiis manner, the rights, law, and con duct, hitherto respected by even tlie most unci valued. I iLiubt not, when the government to which tnese injured person bWeiig, shall know and he informed of the iniunci and insults beat ed upon them, she will mako them a subject ol the best fjuuded complaint, and will exercise her utmost energy and zeal to rcveuge such an insult, and ohtain a sutislar(i,o such as the cae require. I am also persuaded, that other nations, at the mere relation of such an even t, - will he struck wilh horror, and recognize tho Spanish harartex, in lhe resptct, as stimula'cd and artiiattvj solely by a spirit of robbery, ac.mtam.it for hrr equals, and a thir for pillage, without an idea of repairing theiiicnnveniciicrsand evils, a conduct so unheard of, auJ reprobate wuat oc - cisiou. I he above mentioned Mr. Reeves, itifluenred by t'ui - noit just rtkentment, and this day placed nnpjpt Usui perfert ulterty, communit att tho eiMirrence rcluteL, as well to hi' gJK eminent a o th owners ol the property embargoed : and when an event of svr !i a class is divulged, the 'hole world will Acknowledge the jut motives which have induced Ch li lo sciarate from and 'letert those 6'iMinarJ, Troin whom, if treo neu - 'c.d nations dcerve u respect, much lc?s can we expct it, who are now held up and ;tigma - iisB - J as rebels aud traitors Ml which I comma nicte lo our exeoll - ncies for your information a - id govamment God preserve your esccllen - cie nisiiv yi - rIirfcctorial quarter of Conception, Nov. 221, m 7. BKIIN RDO O'HIGGINS. - Te the dcleg&tiouof the Siioreme Junta. jiobitrg'TU store of Mr. Isaac VTtrren, groosr, 43 Peclt - ilip, war anUred, last evening by a knot at villaio, by means ft Jab Vey s, the dk and drawers brokta open oi ransacked. and about five dollars in change taken tnera - pared for the bnsine they had engaged is, and pertbrmed their operations withdeliberation. Tbey first set to and made their supper on a piece of smoaked beef, and left their pairings on the counter. Among sundry articles of mer chandize missing are seven or eight jugs of rum, tea, tic. The jugs were taken from a shelf, mutv. and filled out of the standing cask. This i . - is the second time this store has been robbed within a month. By a fishing boat that passed the Hook last evening at sunset, we are informed that the ship Otis, (ashore at the Hook) as they pasted her, appeared to be driven high upon the beach. The weather was inch that no lighters could get nigh her. The Steam - Boat Paragon, arrived this morn ing from Albany, being bar trst trip this season. from our Correspondent, the Editor ef tlie Al bany Daily Gazette, we learn that the Senate last Wednesday ia committee of the wbele, passed a bill relative to auctioneers, which authorises tlie Comptroller to license auctioneers instead of their appoiatuient by the Council of Appoint ment, on paying for said license in New - York 400 ; Albany, Troy and Hudson, $50 1 other parts of the state $5 ; in other respects subject to the former law. In the house, that section of the militia bill, which obliged the citizen soldier to encamp for eleven days, was stricken out, 70 lo 33. The committee, to whom was referred the petition from New - York, praying a repeal of the statute relating to uaurr( have reported' in fa vor of the petitioners, and brought in a bill. nir. anarjut, irora this cuy, uas introduced a bill, entitled "An act to incorporate the Mer cantile Insurance Company;" read twice and committed. Extract of a letter from St. Jagode Chili, dated December 13, 1017. " The British ship Portsea, Nichols, master, from Calcutta, via Port Jackson, with a cargo of 1200 bales piece goods, and value about 300,000 doliars, has just arrived at Valparaiso. It is oow ascertained that it was the ship Bea ver, Capt. Ckavland, that was captured off Valparaiso in October, and it is said that Ihe super cargo, with five of the seamen, bad escaied from Talcahuana, and arrived at Conception ; that the captain and crew were in prison, and the ship condemned. The brig Cnnton, of Salem, (M Coflin, supercargo) is also said to have hecn taken ; the master and crew in conGncmenl at Tal cahuana, and the property confiscated. What a pity that an American frigate is not here, to as certain whether our countrymen are justly doomed to the horrors of a Spanish prison or not. Many British vessels are in the ports nf Chi' i, and the British' frigate Amphion, com" Dottles, is on the station to protect the traile - Nov 6. Arrived British brig Catalina, Wai ner, from London. The UritUh frigate Amphion, Com. Bowles, sailed from Lima on the 3d Nov. to demand the restitution of Uthi. - il, vessel deuinej there." FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT. Ortice ol the Baltimore Patriot,) March 86 noon. Lalett from Suenot Jlyrei The tchr. Patriot capt I hoinpson, arrived al this port this morning, iu 61 day from Buenos Ayres, with a Cargo of hid:s. specie and copper. We are mailed this evening to present Uie following intelli gence brought I y her. ., A leuer recciveu in mis cuy ny mis arruai, says, " the cause of the ratrints is not in so flourishing a condition a it has been. But I iu almost afraid to write you my leal sentimeots. The government is very uspicious of ail A men - ' cans, and would not stop to break open all cor respondence, which is quite a common Uiiiik in this country. My real opinion is, that Kepuh hcanism will never flourish iu this country in deed, they are now as far removed from liberty us bvfore tue revolution." j Eatract, dated iiuenos Ayres, Jen. J3d. You complain of my not being regular in coai - aiuniuiting the state of this country. It is not for the waut of inclination, but from the nature of the government under which we live. It is dangerous as well as difficult to give an opinivi of the political stale of Buenos Ayres. The present g'lvtniro.'nt is rigid and severe in the extreme ; nd its police and emissaries nuuierois and vi"ilaut. This country has never been iu a more disturbed stale sinm 1 h.ive beeo here ; ar.d it will require all the energy of the government to extinguish the flame that is now kindled uni incri. - uaiu, and which ulliuiat , - iy will burs' forth, A declaration f war h.i h u declared by the. chief, Art igiw, of the BauJa Oiiental, (eastern iide,) and this government has IratuixirtcJ lj(M of it lie st troops lo the o'lu.r - .rle, :u expectation )l'adiiyioii among the troops of Artigsj but a" I told yau ihry will be di. - ai 'pointed in their ex pc.iaUot.3. to it has happened they have bcea deleated with lo to what extent is only known as vet to the goverunient, who keep it from tlie public ; certain it ia, a great many wounded have arrived, who tell a dismal st.irv. The lat - t new from Chili it nut the most favorable U the patriot cause. Talcahuana,. which i the only port the Spaniards have retained in Chili, bas been besieged t y tlie patriots for a length of iinte ; and two uu.'iiccsful attack have been made against it, and the bosirguigai - my ha sutlKicd considerably. 'I he last mail brings, an account of 3.IHII) royalists landing at that place, and the probability of morearriviug from Lima. Thi news lias deote - sed the peu pie a good deal here, but I um of opiuiou it will Ok ol ervi e lo them. The army before Talcahuana, is commanded sny crnerai uraycr, who you tin vioutu saw iu Tafliiuorr. and who jttl there with g - eueral Car rei - a. tie is saiu lo Lie a man ol expeneure, and a go id soldier, Irooi Uiew hool of Naxiloou a d il ilie.calou - v ,,1 ibu people will but let him aiotv, I have no doubt he will give a good ac count ol the itoyahati, should tbey dare to at tack h'tn. 1 fay it will be of service to the country, inas much a il will atiord a field for discipline among the vouucoificer uud troop, and with the iJ.il I ceneral Braver i o.vcfc, give them au idea oi the detail and niieulia of uii army of which they heretofore had little or no Xii.pwleU - r. If the government of iiuenos Ay re will net with a spirit of liberality towaid tlie Chilians Ihey never ran l.e conquered j but if, ou t, contrary, thty purue the - ytcoithcy have oow adnMed, and create div.sions auiog Die peo: le, it moy tail a - um under the Spuiish yoke, alter inucu blootUhed. 70.V .VOTt;; CORHF.SPO.VnKXT. Olficeof the Baltimore Amcricau, . Friday, March 27. Latetl and interfiling inlrUizcnee from South 1mer:eiM - The jch. . - .trs.'t, capt. Thjm;Jv:i, arriveu here last cvci.ir., ui days from Bue nos Ayres. To the auenlion of a gentleman paoeoger In the' Patriot, who l been some tuns resident in Buenos Ayres, we are indebted forth tbUowioe; intrreslinz sketch. . : He - has also furnished us with complete files of the Buenos, Ayreaa V Censor" Irons the 4Ui oi December to the 8th of Janoarr, inclusive with Buenos'Ayreaa "Gazette'1 from the 4th of October to the 17th of January, inclusive witb the provbiontd constitution ef the S. American congress ; and sundry miscellaneous papers - Ihey are in the bands of a translator. ', .1 baud you a few numbers of the Censor and Gazette, of Buenot Ayres, down to the 23d of January last, in which, if yon think there are any articles worth extracting (or publication, be good enough to insert them in your paper. The details given iu them relative to the operations of tne armies, are in many respects bnt partially described. The country wag in a state of tranquility al the time oi my leaving - there. Borne apprehen sions existed a short time previous of a Spanish expedition, aided by a Russian .auxiliary force, was co in mgout lo restore t erdioancfs authority ; out me alarm had entirely subsided. ; Hostilities had commenced between the W ernmetit of Buenos Ayres and the patriots of the nanua unentai, or east tide of the River La Plate ; and in consequence of representations made to the former, that part of the army under general Artiga bad revolted from his command and solicited their assistance, a division of troops was sent over toco - operate with them in expelling hint from the government, but owing to the vigor and promptitude of gen. Artiga on the occasion, report says, the expedition was en tirely aeieaicd, and nearly all either killed or maue prisoners, nothing further had been at tempted by either side after this e veut. 8e veral officers, however, who had deserted the cause oi general Artiga and joined the enemy, on being ...i i . i ... - umou were iiumeuiaieiy snoi. Talcuhnan (the only town in possession of the royuusu in ioiii; sun held out lor Uie royalists. no aiiempi nau recently been made by the patriots to take it bv atorm - slhut after obtaining nnr. tial possession of the works, were compelled to re - treat win considerable loss, it was stated that an additional reinforcement had lately arrived to the assistance of the besieged ; and in telligence had likewise been obtained that an expedition was preparing to sail from Lima fur uie invasion oi t - nili in consequence or which, the most active preparations were making to repel the enemy in case be should attemnt to land. By letters from St. Jago, it was stated, that all the troops stationed in the capital had marched for the coaJ. under the command of general St Martin who, by the last accounts, was encamped in the neighborhood of Valparaiso, with 5 to 6000 men under him. The same letters mention. ed that a very general spirit of patriotism pre - vaneu among uie people, attended by a hrmssre - olution to maintain, at all hazards, the independence of their country. Measures, however, had been taken for the preservation of property both in the capital and on the coast, in rase of inva sion, by iU removal to a greater distance into tlie interior. The most amicable relations nnneared toeviii between the Portuguese and the government of nurnos Ayres, aiuiougb the impressisn was general, at one time, that war would have been declared by tue former, in consequence of the capture of two Portuguese vessel by a Buenos Ayrean privateer. They, however, have been restored, and since that time both parties ap - km iu m on guuu uuucTiianuing wun eacn o - ther. The Portuguese are still at war with general Arugas, and nave blockaded Uolooia a port on tbe east side of the River La Plate This is the only event of consequence that has occurred be tween them for some time past. The object ef blockading loioma, is to prevent the entrance into port ot any prizes taken by Artegas' com miliums. In other respects, tbe Portuguese have become very friendly to the patriots on that tide, and 0n all occasions treat them with considerable respect and confidence. The re sult of this conduct towards them, is, that the patriot irequcntly come within the Portuguese Uues at Monte Video, and enter the city without molestation The Portuguese at Monte Video, M nnw (ne In I Iwaakh hut) plentifully supplied with provisions of every kind from their enemies, though at one time, the greatest scarcity existed. As tha Portuguese are no doubt, aiming at the sovereignty of the country bn tlie east side of the river, the policy of upem.ig a friendly intercourse with the inhabitants, mav b tbe means best calculated to attain their euds. Their hostilities are chiefly directed against Arlrgas : whom they must vanquish before any change of governmnnt ran be effected J hit general rules despotically, and continues to maintain great influence over the peoidn. An act ct the most unjustifiable nature was I committed by theirovermuent of Buenos Ayres "T.'7. fTJs coii - fi, a lew uays bel - re the Patriot sailed. He unexpectedly re ceived an order from the Diri fur iu emit Bue nos Ayres a itsdepen.lencics in iU hours. Some causes were - acsisnrd lor this on cediire but whether founded ou truth or coniecture. it was thought by the Asiericans in linen.; Ayres, to he a uiosi nmurnrv aci. iir. llais. v. R)V'cr. was permitted to have an exi - lanaiioii with ihe government on the sulji rt Inconsequence of which, me orner re - called, and no further step laacn nzainii nsjn. business was rathV dull at the time of leav ing Buenos Ayres. 1W markets well supplied Wl'il Ullliuaictx - iy riei RVOIgOOUS. rowder and arms (ns - ileable. Ves - elt thatar rived with these artirics were ccmpr llt - d to seek another market for tiem About 60 or "0 f ai cf vessels ter? lying there, largest proportion ol'v.urh were l.nghsh, and a few Aincrii an vessc's niiioi.g whii h shin Alan - h itt.in of Norfolk, ni disi hargul Augusta, of Halliiuire, sailing un - iitain Woodrop Sim, of ldo; rhr t'hiUa - uirl of do to ail iu a lew wceli and a unrulier of ethers, names not re co'lected. i Tho shipCeiieral Wahinzfon.cant. Yrau'slr. of 1'lnladt l liia, had lred from tbe Custom. Monte, an I ivouid sail lorn Knsosada first lair wind. i The brig Nanry Annjsgnod, nf Salem, had s. - ili d for Brazils with her outward cargo on hoard. Two vslua' le Americti vessels, the one the ship Beavtr of N'ew - Y orl ihe ob - er of Salem, hav! been captured by le Aoyalist Squadron Die aaam: me coasi oi t.ni, and sent into (Jon - ception. 'I wo vessels l!op Com. Decatur, and sih. Ann, ci plain MiL both of New - York) ere wrecked on the coanotPatagonia in Au gust last the crew built a Vsel from the ma terials of the recks, in whKl thrv arrived in Burno A) res on the ! tU Jan. list. The Musnuilo, British brig I war, arrived on llith Dec. froioM. Helena, al pien - i Ay re, in earth of a nvietship whicl ad been taken po iirn nf by the convicts, had not beer. iieard oi Shu sailed again in a British vessels of war vers Ayres when the Patriot sailed. days three mg in Buenos The Ontario, captain l!iddre.d not arrived in l lull .is late a Siith D - c. hut Th' ship Ortis, captain Pease New - York, was londing for the United State rnd would sail in 30 d 'vs. The ship American sot. Lord, ar - rrived a lew days bemre oursaili neiro A numlier of Patriet pnv Ing in Bm nos Ayres. The brig Ta loi, h - .il iusl arrived. llrom Rio Ja - ers were ly Itriol, Com The Pa - riot sailed on tlie 23d J 1 rod spoke entli!" pnstage bris Hunter, of llimore, 48 davs fiom Bordenax for New - Orle , and schr. Coiiciid, 10 days frfru Mirtininue Duxhu'v have experienced much boisteroi th'1 cat. i eather on 'I - - e Patriot ha on board dispat go - rnmen. for the 1 1. nd yoii Iikcwix; a ropy of the ovisional i,ootitutuo prvr.iu:ated ia ouen - lyres ia I.Sf.nnoe' last. It. f au ts aie r"d, hnt I amon ,&T that the author. ty ol ' is'oo orte ai.d in i:s iu ,ce ii'lnt'arv measures nd d. iie'poi - U. gaveirta - . - .' .'di; - il. Bu with ail lions Ihni .lay be urged r.i tiiit subjtci oo ec - ought I' - iittnc wisn : ' rve.r lin - an ioicroi: at the . "ivince of rvu'.h . - iairica may go uo ,n ca - reer of I - ..'ui'Hence Ull tb - pcil'd of it lum - ri.a.i'Hu w ven rot t ! rem. na where roy - ulty bat the A: us l sLaelow of power. FROM OUR COMIXSPOXDEXT. ' . Ollite of the, fremtans Journal, ) ? ' Philarlelphia, March 27. f Below, Brftih rig Cora, Afuold, 50 dajs from Kingston, (Jam.) Ship Benjamin KuIh WKberjer, fmm Care - ton, with a valuable cargo of China eoods. Left at Canton. Utb Nov. George fx Albert, Hope, Rosalie, Clothier, and Thomas Scattrg!d, ol Pbibd ; Wm.K John, of S York; Canton, Suffolk, Vancover, Paragon, and Panther, for Boston r China, for f a!em ; Sidney and Stagg, for Baltimore; Trumbull, for Providence, R - I - The Ophelia, of Butt' , at Bocca Tigris, for Manilla. The company's first fleet, below the Sd bar, loading, to sail shortly. Feb. 3. lat 4, S. long 2, : siwke ship Thalia, of and lor Boston, 1U - ! days from Calcutta. MOM OUR CORRESPOXDEXT. Office of the Albany Daily Advertiser, Wednesday, March 25. ) The Senate yesterday, in committee of the whole, passed the bill from the house of As sembly, directing; the execution of Abraham Kesier, for the murder of his wife by poison. A considerable time was taken up in discussing tlie bill to repeal Ihe tax of two mills en the dollar, of the real and personal estate within this state. Mr. Van Bur en proposed to a - meud it, 'so as to retain one half of tlie tax. The committee of the whole rose and reported before any question was taken. The following resolution was adopted : Resolved, (if the boo. the Assembly concur herein) That a committee of both bouses be appointed to inquire and report to the legislature, whether any, and if any, what amendments or improvements ought to be made in the Judiciary of tbis state ; and that in case of such concurrence, Messrs. Skinner, Swift and Cantine be of the said committee on the part of the senate. The resolution was sent io the house and on motion of Mr. Duer, laid on the table. The attention of the House of Assembly was principally engrossed yesterday, upon the militia bill reported a few days since. The most prominent features ol this bill, and that which will probably call forth the most opposition, is that requiring the annual encampment of all commissioned and non - commissioned officers and musicians, for ten days, (as is contemplated) at sucb time and place as the commanding! nicer of the brigade shall direct ; during which time the said commissioned officers, non - commissioned officers and musicians, may be required to perform every and any part of camp duties, and any mar tial exercise, directed by the commanding officer' present ; and the commissioned officers may be required io periorm tne duties ol non - ccmmis - sioncd officers or privates, and durinc which time they are lo be subject to the rule and articles of war. Gen. Root (chaitman of the military commit tee) occupied uie noor about an hour, in explain ing the provisions oi uie Din, and in pointing out the Dencnis lo oe derived irons it. Mr. uakiev make a few remarks upen the subject of the con templated encampment, and moved that Uie committee rue and report. Mr. Cotden, in speaking upon the motion of mr. uaKiey lor rising, toon occasion to mane a few Very feeling and pertinent remarks upon this part of the bill, and expressed bis fears ol the ef fects which would in all probability flow from. such a measure. 1 lie committee rose without taking nny question. The bill making an appropriation of 5000 dol lars, for building a bridge across the west branch of the Hudson River, and appropriating alio 1000 dollars lor the improvement of the road in the vicinity of the bridge, was pasted in committee of the whole. LEGISLATURE Or XfEW - YORK. House or AssEMiur, March 23. The petition of Jacob Halsey and others. builders and mechanics in the city ot New - York, praying that they may have a lien on buildings erected by them, as security fur building. Referred to the members from New York. The memorial of the United German and Luthern Churches in the city of New - York, pryinir to be allowed to hold real estate to the amount of six thousand dollars Referred to Messrs C'nlden, Wheeler and Huntington The petition ol Albrt l'e and others, teachers, in the city of New - York, praying amendments to their chai ter of incorporation. Reterredtu Messrs Golden, Pierson & Tooker. The petit umot tlie police officers of the city of New - Y'ork, praying an increase of fees, Referred to the committee on Courts of Justice. The petition of sundrv inhabitants of the county of .Suffolk, praying for the improve ment ot the navigation along the Urookliaven shore. Referred to Messrs. Colden, Meigs and Miller. The committee to whom was referred, the netitionof Lewis Moore, were discharged from the further consideration thereof, and the Bntie wa9 referred to the members from New - York. Mr. Hunter gave notice of his intention to biingin a bill for the preservation of heath - hen, patridgea, quails amd woodcocks, in the counties of Suffolk, Kings and Queens, and in the city and county of N York. The following bills were read a third time and passed. An act to incorporate the Young Men's Mis sionary Society, of New - York. An act to incorporate the Union Insurance Company. The southern mail of this morning has brought us the proceedings of congress to Thursday last On Monday, in the house of representatives, the act f r enforcing our neutral relations passed iu commiHee of the whole, and was ordered to a third reading ayes i5, nays 51 On Tuesday the house were engaged on the bill to alter the nag of the U. b. ; providing that from and after Uie fourth day of July next, the Hag ol the United Mates be thirteen Dorizoutai stripe, alternate red and white ; thai the union be twenty start, white in a blue field ; and that, on the aunussiou ol every new sUte into ihe union, one star be added to the union of tbe Bag, and that such addition shall take eflect on the fourth day of July then next succeeding such admission. Various amendments were propesed, all ol which failed, and the bill was ordered to lie engros - scd for a third reading. Mr. M l.ane from the committee of com merce aid manufactures, made an unfavorable report on the petition of Oliver II. Hicks and Iockwool De Potest ; which was read and con curred in by the house. Mr Taylor, from a select committee appoin ted on the subject, reported a bill lixing a tim. - Ibr the next meeting of Congress, (on the first Monday in November ;) which was twice read and postponed to the 31st instant The speaker abo laid before the house re ports of the Commissioners of Claims of the tacts in fiftv - s i cases, all from the state of New - York, with the evidence therein. The House then resolved itself into a com mittee of the whole, Mr. Desha in tlie chair, making appropriations for the support of government for ihe year 1818. Mr. Clay rose and moved to insert in tlie bill a provision to appropriate tlie sum of eigh teen thousand dollars, as the outfit and one year's salary of a minister to be deputed from Uie United States to the independent provin ces of the river Plate, in South America. This proiKiiition Mr. Clay followed up by entering into a discussion of the question, in volved in his motion of a formal recognition of tbe independence ot the South American sUtes mentioned. He had spoken something more than an hour, when, having given way for a motion to that effect. Tbe coiuiTiiUee rote about half past four o'clock, and Tlie house adjourned. In tbe Senate, March ?4th, Mr. Barbour, from the committee of fuieign relations, to whom bad been reiened tbe reprcseotalions in behiii of Mr. 1 Meade, made a report of considerable length, ta - l a fall view of the subject, reroen5i - Saof Mr. Meade, and oSrii at if the demand oftheextc ui in.. ; i u wrongs lv, that lease be not complied wilh, Uie offence oiJ'h, T be l isited w ith rver retribution, - 1 "voir. Barbour, leave having been given t,i - in a bill to increase Ihe salaries of certHm off3 of the government. To inrrene the salarT r" head of rippartments, at the rate of ., , " on their present amount. The bi!l was read - '" From Ott - Kotional Inttttigtneer, Xurth 26 : The long expected proposition of Mr. Clav h been made, and Is .n full debate in the hous i represeutatives, having reference to theackno ledgement of the independence of the tv,; Provinces of Rio La Plata. The speaker broken ground at a greater distance from J? object than we believe bad been generally peeled, his proposition being to approprujt! - ,." sum for the outfit and a year's salary of Jj iter te the government ol La Plata, whenev the president shall think fit to send one. TlT proposition, therefore, does not contemplate a direct change in the actual state of our relating but an expression of the readiness of congrat second such a measure as is proposed, whea executive shall deem it expedient to resort byi The propositi in has covered ground ... - ? however, to form the foundation of an nr;.? debate, on which the whole policy of the Unit!!! MfllM an hiirw - t fn fh Aiilh A rr - . .. . and incidentally as to all the F.uroDean r i - . . - .. - - ..ii.tiv.ia urn. ces, era, and to Spain particularly, have been hr.il into view. It is not for us to predict the - e,B I of this proposition, especially since wehie S cently (ailed io anticipating the fate of the bin to amend the act for enforcing our neutral reli 'ion, which has passed the house of represents! tives in an amended shape, instead ol fcuginde. finitely postponed, as we had supposed it would be. it is sufficient to say, that we shall keen pace with the debate, and present it as soon u it can possibly be .prepared for the press, consider - ing it asauording luminous view of a questio oi'a much interest a any now asritafed iou United States. ' - The Documents transmitted to Congress by the President,' yesterday, were read too late to enable us to take such a view of them u could wish. That duty, however, shall heat. terded to in our next. Meanwhile we advise the reuder to peruse the interesting Message which is published to day, respecting the origin of the Seminole War. The aspect of affair in taat quarter becomes every day more interesting, To tie Senatt and House rf Reprttentalivet of Hit fi. ed Suites. I now lay before Cone rest all tbe information in the possession of the Executive, respect m the war wilh the Sennnoles, and Ihe measures, which it ha been thought proper to adopt, for the sajetv ufour fellow - iiiizeus, on the frontier exposed to tlieir ravages. The enclosed dot uments shew tbat I lie hostilities of ibis tribe were unprovoked, tbe ofVspring of a spirit, long cherished and often manifested towards the U Suites, and that, io the present instniice, it w as extending itself to other tribes, and daily assuming a more serious aspect. A soon as the nature aud object of this combination were perceived, the Major General commanding the Sotitliern division of Uie troops of ihe V. Slates, was ordered to the theatre of action, charged with Ihe management of the war, and vested with Ihe powers necessary lo give it effect. The season of the year being unfavorable to active operations, and the recesses of the country afTortling shelter to these savages, in rase of retreat, may r,vvcnt a prompt termination of the war ; but it may be fairly presumed, that it will not be long before this trilie and its associates receive the punishment which they have provoked and jusllv merited. As almost the whole of this tribe inhabits the country within the limits of Florida, Spain wat bound, by ihe treaty of 1713, to restrain them from committing hostilities apamst the (J. Stales. We have seen, wilh regret, that her government' has altogether failed to fulfil this obligation, norl are we aware that it made any effort to tliat eiecJ When we consider her utter iuabilitv to rtiesk. even in Ihe slightest decree, Ihe movements ol tins nine, oy her very small and incompetent ford in Florida, we are not dinposed lo ascribe the faf ore to any other cause. The inability, honevrf of Spain, to maintain her authority over the f erf lory and Indians, within her limits, and in nnf - qiience to fulfil the treaty, ought not to ttie the United States to other and ereater injure - Where Uie authority of Spain ceases to exist, ere the United States hnve a nirht to pursue theiraa - my . on a principle of self defence. In this inslu - e. Ihe right is more complete and obvious, hecoe we shall perform only what Spain was botiDdin have performed herself. To Uie high obligating and privileges of I his great fc sacred right of ten - defence, will ihe motfcnient of our troops be strictly confined. Orders have been given to the Gene ral in command not to enter Florida, miles it be in pursuit of the enemy, and in thai case to respect the Spanish authority wherever il is maintained , and he will be instructed to w ithdraw his forces from the province, as soon a he shall have reduc ed that tribe to order, and secured our fellow citizens in that quarter, by satisfactory surangetaents, against it unprovoked and lavage hostilities ia future. - JAMES MONROE. Washington, M.trch 55, 1813. Another Messaee was received from the Presi dent of the United States, in compliance with the resolution nf this House of the 10th December last, transmitting a copy of tbe Documents which it i thought proper to communicate relating to the independence and condition of the Spanish provinces of South America. Another message was also received from the President, in conformity to a resolution of Ihe House of Representatives transmitting a statement of the items of expenditure by the commissioner under certain articles of the Treaty of Ghent. these several Messages, with Ihe accompanying Document were ordered to lie on the table, aaa be printed : and The House adjourned at a late hour. Extractof a letter from Washington. . " You may have seen tlie report of the loss of General Gaines and young Wright, son of the ex - governor. We have just received a letter from a quartermaster, which states, that the party wiiich went in pursuit of them had found General Gaines safe at a place called Chrsawasata. He had a very narrow escape, and it is greatly feared that Mr. W. was lost." Phi la niLrnia, March 27. Church Robbery .Within a few weeks, an infamous crime has been committed, and with' such impunity, that the daring offender considered himself free from detection. On Wednesday morning last, about 3 o'clock, the Watchman met a colored man in the South Western District of the City, with a bundle on his back, and questioning him as to whom it belonged. ' quickly discovered lie bad been committing a thett upon threatening detention, the Mulatto, w ho is a strong, athletio man, made a powerful resistance but the Watchman conquered and secured rum. nis , bundle, upon examination, proved to contain the velvet and other ornaments of the New Jerusalem Church, in Twelfth street, which he hadLeen rifling the seats were all cut up. and the valuable property, which he thougni fit to remove, placed in an adjoining yap1 plaster of paris. There can be little oin." but he is tlie same villain who plundered St. Pe'i nnr! r.l - iit f:luirrhe. fur tlie detection of wham, one hundred dollars reward has teen offered. N4.SHVILLE, Fb.l4. Unvortdiiatx occwrreiick. The boat w V.UIIH Uk.lKIBI Vl'l auro j , . friend embarked lately for N. Orleans, H11 ed with tobacco, cotton, tic. we are sorry io h am, alter having gotton into the Ohio, and near SnuUiland, having a bead wind, drifted on a saw - i... i. i:.....i I, i.i.l lum, v. and a less yer, which l ion severed tne ooai, - , wilh muchcU.Ik.ulty that the live ol the General, his family, kc. were preserved. Some wuro. wete on bo&id are said to have beea drowned tbe wuoie of the cargo was lost. COMMUNICATION. ' ... If WILLIAM HODGES, an Englishman, ,wui call on E. Weeks, he will be informed aw thing very much to his advantage. Mr. Brantingham'i answer to Homo, thall if - pear in our eex t king

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