The Evening Post from New York, New York on March 26, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 26, 1818
Page 2
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. . yretea ' Utters - ' , ... 'r ... tr.uilnffii; tei the AimM and hoDOt itt epaiA, 7 " ; fl .1, eras i.ry K"""1"""' . . : catholic . . I8tk Marefc, tta and 20.a April, tnd 12th May, : ltlMakltprtmojr' latbefint place, that aithoac - h the facts, rrounds and areiiasents mieH,H aaiuMer. torn reuro Cevauos, uu fata f January, sot reiiniary, bib tu . tnee pisidecen by the Spanish government, do not differ essentially fron Uwn staled in say soli, - : their irreniUbk and conclusive force is neither altered sor to any nwnner Impaired, Truto is of " ail times, and reason aud justice an iommio: oa ' ' immutable priaripfcs. It u oa these principle that the rig'its of Ibe crown of Spain nrefouoiied . to (lie terriioriesetstward and wettward of ! : isiana, claimed by your government, as tasking part of that province rights of intnieoiorial pro - pert! ana possession nevsr oispaien, ussi aiways pWorioMS ana bCEBowmmm ny oinev uan. In the second placet must remark to you, that throaehoet the whole correspondence oa tins subject, between the aunittry of to usmeo ' States and that of bis Catholic Majesty , there u ; " . not a single fact or single argnaient that can effect the certainty or decisive force of the facta, ' grounds and reasons, which eepport ead deter " miiM the aforesaid rights of the crown of Spain. There dues eo appear to be a single incident re ' Rive the smallest support to the pretentions of yoer government All the vague positions on - ' which ft ha been attempted loTound then), base . been refat.d and dissipated hy the Spanish go - 1 , .vemmenr, by drmooslfatioa to laminoni and fxwrinrui&af toleare. no aKereeUve to reason ' to resist Ik ' Ye by all this aside, and merelyjto ny, 4 that it is a matter already thoroughly debated, oo - which nothing further essential cao be urged, and ' that the American evemment insists on main tsiiiir.2 a contrary epiftjoe, is to adopt an arbi - ' Irarv caese. becaese. this opinion not brine tup ported by any solid foundation, and being, as it - Is, diametrically opposite to the anqoestiooabie ' fesult of faUs - aed to the most incontestable principles and arguments, does not, nor can it give to ' the United states any right to tlie pretensions they have lorued KeitW can it be required, thai the government of Spain should subscribe to this vfnmon, ana reoowoce lis njgnis so uw lerniorjr which the Ud States wish to Dossess in the 1 Spanish provinces borderug oe those states, sines tiiat opioiua, ms I hare already said, is altogether " nvmndiesa and arbitrary, and since, on tnose rights, there neither does, nor cao there, fall any doubt. It is (be sincere with of bis eatholio majesty, that a fust mode ef amicably settliur all peodui Oilfsnanres may be adojnod, and be has aulhoruv J me, far this purpose but neither the power - be has conferred on me, nor my own sense of i ' . Outy, permit me to enter into an arrangement . Which is not based a poa the principles of commeo justice, conbined in good faith with the suitable considerations of reciprocal utility or onveoieoct Bejng anxiously desirous of carrying the wishes and frank dispositioni of my eovereurn iMo exe cution, I suggesUd to yeu, m our last verbal conference, the eipedieory of your making to me inch propoaals as you nugtu uunk at, to recoa - Cile the right and intorests of both powers, by a ( tteAoitire arrangement of thedillereaces pending Between) them, since yoa commuuicaud the present state of things to the president, yoa have proposed' to me in your note a plan of arrange - aaent or adjostment, embracing the question of bMadaries, and (hat of indemnities, which is as Jbllows: , Te settle the former, you propose "that Spain shall cede all her claims to territory eastward ol the MisaMppi, (tha( is to my, the two Fleridas ;) and that the Colorado, Irons Us mouth to its source, and from thence to the northern limits of i . Louisiana, shall be the western boundary of that province. I have expressed in one proposal what you have stated in two, as both are reduced to the cession of territory by Spain. It is not only pretended that Spain shall cede both Florida to the United States, but that she shall likewise cede to (bem, the vast extent of Spanish territory comprehended within the line following the whole course of the Colorado. I presume that it is the river Colorado, of Natchitoches, you speak of, and not of another bearing the same ns oe, and which is still farther within the limits of the Spaai'h provinces. I leave it to you, sir, to examine the import of these two proposals, and to tee whether they are compatible with the gviuciple of justice, or with those of reciprocal Utility or convenience. It is demanded of Spain to cde provinces and territories of the highest importance, not only to the eaAw:rd, but to the Westward of I Louisiana, and that without propos log any equivalent or compensation. To settle the question of indemnities, yoa make the following proposals : 1. That indemnity for spoliation on Araeri can citiirns, committed by Spaniards or by French within the Jurisdictions of Spaio, as well as for injuries sustained by American citntens by the interruption of the deposit at New - Orleans, shall be settled by a joint commission, as agreed poo in the convention of lUDx . 8. . The lands W East Florida and in West Tl rida, to the PenLdo, to be made answerable to the United States tor the amount of the uulemn ties wiiich may appear to be due by Spam to A mtricita titiieus, on the settlement to be made bv cooimiwonen appointed accordior to the . convention of 1002; it being at the option of the United States io take the lands and pay (he mount of the indemnities according to the award oo the claims, or to sell the land, and effect the ttavment wiih the proreeds of the sale. To this propoial yoa add, that all grants of land sub sequent to the Uth of August, 1802, are to be null and voit. - 3. Thi Sjiin shall be exonerated from the payment or the debts, or any part ol them Before I reply to these three proposal, 1 must - epeat the uniform declaration of the - . 8panish jrovernment to the United Mates, that f)4 CilD(Uv majesty , HIIU always urtn( rA tii attle the aiirslinn of indemnities, , with a view to the lull satUfaction'of the juxt claims of the parties interested , and that his msietT has always manifested the same sin cere desire to aettie (finitely the question of boundaries to the satisfaction of both poe s ' and that if neither of these nbjeets lias been accomplished, it hat not depended upon he government of Spain. . The. contrary is evi - dent, bevond the possibility of denial, from the official correspondence between his catho lic muiestv's minister or state, and the pleni notenturies of the American irovermnent, who susp. ruled and broke off the nrgociation at Aranjuex, after bavins; obstinately refused to accept ic inouiHcaiiuns lutuiucu ", u n ijuv tice, which were proposed by the Spanish go vernment. 1 now proceed to state the most obvious and essential difficulties which render your turev proposals tor me settlement of indemnit es in t2isa.ble. 1 observe that In speaking of uicin, you n - uy mention ine mdemnity t r spoliations suffered by American citisena, and o - Blit tht which is equally due to Spaniards for spo lations commitied on Uiemby the citixe:i snd ailtliorilies of this republic, m violation of the law of nations and the existing treaty I also observe that you not only om.t this irdia - pentible bsia of recip o ity and common jus tice, but propose the immedia'e cession ot both tlie Floridat, winch tmo Spninb Drovin - ces are to be retained by the United Sls an indemnity or payment of whai may appear to he due by spam to American citwens, c cording to the arbitration of the joint comrais aiofL ' Tou cannot fail to admit, sir, that this proposal, independent of its Injuttic - - , is offensive to tie dignity and honor of Ins catholic majesty. It is unjust, because it denun,d an indemnity or anticipated payment of claim yet to be p - oedand liquidated, while, at the aaine time,' i p ov de for no correspondent indemnity or payment of what niav be due by the United State to Spanish, siiojecta, It u failed in fulfilling tier enga?ee?u "fj scrupulous exactness, good faith, and strict observance of the po Jrt of honor Uvmg at all tiroes invariably formed the duUnguwhmg traits of bercharacter. It, therefore, becomes unnecessary to point out to you the enormoos Mveoi the value of the twe Kloridas, and tliat of the probable amount of. (he claims or American ciiuens on uk piw - mentot Spam, after they are s - certtined and liquidated. This disproportion will be still more enormous, when you consider that in the first of the three proposal, to hich I am now replying, is included the indemnity for spoliations on chiiens of this republic by French cruisers and consuls on the coasts and in the ports of Spain, and by the tribunals of cassa - tvm in France, confirming; the condemnation of American prizes. It has keen Droved to mathematical .demon it ration, that cpaia neither is nor can be respon sible in any way tor this Indemnity. It is I ranee which must be responsible, if she bat not alrea dy satisfied toe claim, as her government assure ibe has done. Nor can I emit to declare to yon, sir, that (he pretension of annulling the grants of lands in lorsda, sues August, 1802, would be in oppo - sitioti to all the principles of Justics. These grants are made in a lawful manner, and by a lawful authority. Spain was 'be owner and peaceful posiestor of those lands. She bad then an indisputable right to make (he grants you allude to, as the now ha to the properly of the territory afterward forcibly taken possession of by the United States, tince a violent dispossos - tion never deprives an individual or nation of their lawful riehts. I proceed to your last pro potal, ' tch is, (hat on the admusion of those prced.e, Spain shall be exonerated from all obligation lo pay the debts or claims, which may be due to American citizens, on (heir settlement and liquidatioa by (lie Joint commission. I con ceive this to be (he import of (he expressions, stating that "Spain shall be exonerated from the payment of the debt or any part of them." - This proposition is a corollary of the (wo prece - .ling it, since if Spain should cede the two Flori dat to the United State as an indemnity or compensation for the losses and injuries don to the aureus of this republic, she would necessarily be exonerated from this responsibility, the cei - sino toeing, in such case, equivalent to a final discharge of the claims referred to. I go farther. ;uppoaiog your twe last proposals for the definitive adjuttmeot of the question of indemnities to he atLaitted tod carried into effect, the ooe pre - cedinir, aaasely, that which refers this business to the award of commissioners, to be appointed by both eovcnuMats. aereeably to the convention af lSOA would be useless and contradictory As none of tit proposal offered by you, provide any indemnity for the losses and injuries caused to Spaniards, nor even makes auy mention of them t and as by the two hut proposals, if ad mitted, the loses and injuries tustaiued by American citizens, would be indemnified and compensated, according to the wishes of your gov - roment, nna opain would, consequently, be aoueraied from all retooniibilitv on this hu nt. it is clear, that the business would then be set tled and canslled, aud there would be no neces - nty for recurring to arbitration. Fiually, I caunot retrain from exprestiur my great concern, at not being able in any degree to reconcile the proposals you have made me by order or the president, with the inviolable principles of common justice t and on perceiving, that on the part of the United States, no basis is presented of a due reciprocity for the adjustment of the difference pending, the sai.l proposal eing altogether inauminsiBie. S I a mm, a i n I V. n t Ik. bina. bm - being desirous to meet the wishes of the United States in respect to the cession of the Floridat, a! bough rt it well known, how birhly important those two provinces are to cover and secure the possessions f Spain in that part of America, his majesty is ready to cede them, provided he is compensated by an equivalent in territory be. longing to the United States, and bordering on the Spanish possessions J and it is uudT this idra, that the powers and instructions I have from my government, are conceived. . But you cannot tail to admit, llmt the plan ol adjustment propo - ed, involves exorbitant and enormous sacrifices to the prejudice of Spain, since without offering Aiv esuivalcn'. or compensation oo the part of the United atates, it requires not only the cession ot tHttn the r londas, but also that ol immense territories belonging to the .Spanish monarchy west waru oi L,ouiMwia ; and, that in relation to the question ol reciprocal iudemmlies, it only com rehends thoie reapectinsr Ameticnn rtusens, omitting those due to the crown and subject oi his catholic majesty. This plan of adjustment would amount to the following one : " Give me all I wish to a - lf, and give np all you - may justly claim er show is yours." I am, however, perfectly persuaded, that this neither is nor can be your intention, or that of your government; and that in making these prop alt for au adjustment, your only object was to allbrd me un opportoui - tv, to make such as you might counJer just and admissible. I shall, therefore, point out (o you such terms at I conceive to be founded injustice and reciprocal convenience, and therolore caunot fail to meet the wishes of the United Slates ' 1. The dividing line between Louisiana and the Spanish povrasions to be established in one of the branches ol the Mitassippi, cither that of I. a Kourche, or of the Achafalays, following the course of that river (o its source. Spain to citde the two Florida to the United Slates ii full aud cemplctt eorerehnilv In case this proposal should not appear ad' mis - ibis lo your government, the billowing may te substituted : " The uii potndrti), or state of possessiob iu 1763, to form the basis, aud the western line of division to b established from tho sea, at a point between the rivers Carcass ana the iviarnientas or yiarnientan, runmn: thence by Arroyo Hondo, till it crosses the Co lorndool Natchitoches, between that post and Ada, thence northward to a point to be fined and laid down by commissioners respectively ap pointed lor the purpose. T. mi catholic majesty, to ratiiy the con veutiuh of IBOi, and both governments to abide by the decision of the joint commission on the question of indemnities, classiog as such those which rezard A merican citizens and the crown and subject of his catholic majesty, for spolia tioos reciprocally committed to the period of Ihe said convention, acd thereafter to the date of thi coufimation of the adjustment by the joint com' mixtion. Five or seven members to compose th commission, with this condition, that if they are five, each government stiall respectively nominate a person for the fifth member, to be chosen by lot, provided they cannot agree on the person to b to chosen s the same to lake place for the hi lb, sixth, and seventh, if there be seven mem ocrs ; but 61th. in the first instance, and (he firth sixth, and - evenlh, in the second, shall neither be - painards nor ritiiens of the United States by birth or antural s ition. Tbey shall, moreover. oe, "V tneir proretsion and otfine, judges of the number of those subject, who among maritime and commercial nations, are usually employed w juut ana decide on matters connected with maritime law and the law of nations, whether in France, England, Russia, Austria, or the FCe - therlands. In both cases, the person so desijroa - ted, to be provided with a certiorate of the government of the country he beloog to, proving the opioioo entertained of his integrity and capacity, his quality and actual profession a a judj in (he mat ers referred to, and also the assurance, that perniuaioa thjdl be granted lo him far discharring the da Lies of (he Ceamissto in case the saia person man om owm , Wiih tkeae ssjodincatiee sugresead by pre Ammcm. lanarttalitv. and the most perfect recti - tade. and eacludinr, a I just, the indeainily for the spoliation committed on the commerce of (his republic, by Franca privateer and eon - sols on the coasts snd in (be ports si Spain, and by the tribunals of caseation in France. - The convention of ISO? to be ratified and carried into execution. . ' ) 3. Hit catholic majesty, to uni(e with (he United Slate lo tuius their best endeavors to obtain from France the correspondent muemuny lor the sTwltatlnns tost mentioned. In case thai question has not already been settled between the F ranch. and American tovernments. 4. The government of (he United States to engage to take effectual measures u prevent su hostile armaments in their pons anu lerriiory a - gahut the commerce and posteetiont of Spain, ei ther by Americans or any oioer power, or oy adventurers of ary other nations, or by the rebels of Spaniih America ; and for (heir doe execution, (he president to issue positive orders to all persons employed iry we governmeni, cnarj - ing (hem, on (heir responsibilUy, to guard a - gainst any infraction or violation of them whatsoever, extending the samh measures to the preventing of any vessel employed in cruising a - rainst the Spanish commerce or otherwise hos - tilely engaged srainst ths government and sub. jeefs of hi catholic majesty, from arming in, or entering armed, the harbor and watertofthe United Statot. Every vessel of this description, found within toe jurisdiction of the United Stale, to be seited without remission and subjected to the rigor of the law by the American officers and authorities ; and (be vessels and property so captured, belonging to (he subjects of (he crown of Spain, to be laid under attachment, and dentil lively delivered to his majesty's minister, or (he nearest Spanish consul, to be held by them at the disposal of ths lawful owners. This propo sal contains nothing beyond (he obligations, already imposed by ths laws of (he United Stales, the law of nations, and the existing treaty. But a it it evident to vou. and to the whole world. that abase and infraction of these law and solemn compacts, have been, and continue to be. frequently practised, it is absolutely necessary that suitable measure be adopted, fully and effectually to prevent (he repetition of similar abu se and infraction.. By these four proposals, the right and inter ests of both powers are reconciled, upon principles of manifest justice and reciprocal utility ; they settle and terminate all pending differences, in mv judgment, satisfactorily to both nation j and I must presume, (hat the president will view them in the tame light, and substantially admit them. In case there be any other question of secondary, or minor importance, to be in like man ner included in (he general and definitive ad justment, it will be easy, and follow of course, alter we nave agreed on the most essential articles or points; we will then also determine the true import of the several pro posit ions laid down, and explain each ooe of them with the necessary clearness, accuracy and precision. U, however, you should find any difficulty or obstacle to (he acceptance of the proposals, I nave now tne honor to make to you, and are of pinion, that by auy other mode we may attaiu the desired object, without deviating from the fundamental principle and basis of justice and reciprocal convenience. I will, with great plea - suae, no ready to adopt it, provided it be com' S.. !.r ferWJ,Tea m' by lh,fc"Nause provides, that in case any incorporated mV matte In i hi viA - o nn - - rnvttu... .nrh I . . . . ... 1 my matter. In thit view, ran such you propose changet or modifications, as you may see fit, as are calculated to remove all dilhculties on both sides, and reconcile the rights, interests and wisnes oi coin powers. In the mean time, I hope that the course pursued by the president fen la oiarcha da tu conducts) will correspond with the sentiments and uniform profession or amity and pertect har mony existing between hit majesty and the United Slates ; and I am therefore constrained to reclaim and protest formally, as I now do, a - gainst all measures whatsoever, injurious to the rights of the crewn of Spain, and to renew, as I hereby do, (he protest already made against the occupation of Amelia Island, and arainst (he or ders to occupy Gal vezton, inasmuch as the Uni ted states, having no right whatever, either to the said island, or to Galvezton, they neither had, nor could have, a just motive or cause to sanction similar acts of violence iu the minst of peace. 1 await your antwer to this note, in order that we may accelerate the moment of scresing on just and fit measures for carrying the definitive settlement ol all pending difference! into effect. Iu the mean time, I renew to you, sir, the assurances of my constant respect. t,od preserve you many years. (Signed) LUIS DC ON13. Washington, f4th January, 1818. (7b b continued.) XEW - YOKK EVEJfVtO POST. THURSDAY, MARCH 86. Documnlt rcperting our affair uith Spain continued. The three documents next in order .No. 5, 6, 7, are omitted for the present, at (hey relate entirely to (lie question of (he boundaries of tauisiana, which is hereafter (o be settled ; and to our demands of indemnity for losses inffcr - ed from Spaniih authority and from French cfuizers. The letter on the pa, t of Ihe Spanish minister, on the subject of boundaries, are en titled to Ihe credit of deep research and ingenious reasoning, nor are we prepared to say they are utterly deslitnte of foundation. Thote which relate to spoliations by French cruisers, deny, that on any principle of the la w of catkins it Spain answerable for them ; and quotet (he authority of tho British admiralty court, and even of Mr, Jefferson, when secretary of state, in hit corre spondence with Mr. Hammond. From document No. 7 we extract the following paragraph at a specimen of the manner which (be Danish minister has thought proper to assume. " It is several months tince I was informed by uie cnarge u - auairet near the federal government, of the pretensions of that government, relative to a portion of country bonlerior on Flori da, whkh has become a great object of ambi tion to (he Americans, in relation to the establishment of their revenue system ; and it seemed to me, from this information, that it was important lhatUie federal government should use all the meant in its power, to obtain the annex - ; lion ol Ibis frontier portion of Florida to Lou tsiana ; but the opinion due to the justice and moderation which distinguish the personal char acter of the president of the United States, has ihh, nor uocs u yci, perron me to in ink that menaces, provocation and groundless hostility may be considered by him as the most suitable meant to enable the United Statei to acquire a portion of territory belonging to a foreign power, which suits usstf convenience." We" then come to a (object of more immediate interest, whi4 is treated of in ths remaining part of the correspondence. Another of the accomplices of the msil rob bers has been apprehended at Kew - llaven In the lining1 of one of his shoes was found, very ingeniously concealed, nine hundred dollars in bank bills. He passed through, this city last week on his wy to Boston. ) TUe Repnblicaa Chroo - cle, of tlu earning, j cot4alnt the following" rery osedsome police of Stirs Johnroo' btn'JU ; which Is to lake piece this evening. We tball nlyedd, the sulogium is weU merited. ' jOu Jthruri's Benefit. The best comic opera that hat ever appeared on the American stage, it to be repealed THIS EVENING; for (be benefit ef Miss Johnson, to whom Mr. fhi - lipps has reotroutly volunteered his services for II'. . X ' I ! tne evening, n nt mora mraw hw u m an overflowing bouse.' The best tinging telor in the world, uniting bit talents and exertions with those of an amiable young actress woo nas lew rivals innumerable friends u enemies i who is n pattern for her sex, in mind and manners ; who is exemplary for her filial affectioa and dnty : and who is doated on by ber aged pa. rent, buth of whom have been Ike ornaments of our stage." . "communication. Impntonmrnl for debt A pamphlet on this Interesting subject, on which all thins so mucn, and oo which few think correctly, is just issued from the press of C. YVilsv k Co.. and contains, betides an able expose of the arguments pre and con. a complete answer and refutation of all the arguments commonly brought forward in favor of imprisonment.. . &o far certainly appears to me, at first view, and on a tingle perusal, to be the case. But (be writer hat, d possible, anign - er merit. He bat exhibited some valuable ori ginal views of his subject, which were hardly to be expected from any writer on a subject to Into and backnied. If any one would under - stand the elements of ths subject, I am sure he will not ipeod an hour more profitably and pleasantly than on (hit work : And if eloquence and power of laturoaa - e be any recommendation, he will at the same time receive a full measure of gratification. Extract of a letter, received this morning from Albany, dated March 33, 1818. " Ton will hear, with no little surprise, that your corporation have sent a petition to the le gislature to grant them a tax upon your city of oo lets a torn than (250,000; which, I am told, tuT 70,000 more than last year ; and when' we recollect (hat (hey have deprived us of (he proportion of the tax arising upon sales at auction, somewhere about $50,000, the turn asked for, mutt be considered oppressive." . Henry R Storrs, Etq. is put in nomination for Congress from Oneida County in this State. FROM OUR CORRESPOJWEM. Office of the Daily Advertiser, ) Albany, March 24. ) The Senate was occupied yesterday upon the restraining bill, which finally passed in committee of the whole. The first clause of this bill prohibits all private banking from and after the 1st day of August next t exempting Jacob Barker's Exchange Bank for the period of three years i and excepts from the pro isions of the act, the Utica Insurance Company and the Acqueduct Association in Catskill. The second section imposes a penalty of one thousand dollars for every breach of the act, one half for the use of Ihe people, and the other as a reward to the informer. The third and last bank shall refuse to pay any of its bills or notes in lawful money of the Uni - ed States, on de mand, Die holder of such bills or notes shall be entitled to recover the amount thereof in an action on the case, for money lent, with interest thereon, at the rate of ten per cent, per annum, from the date ot such refusal, with costs. From the Albany A rgvs, March 2 1. At tor'1 1 claim. John Jacob Astor lays claim to a large aud valuable tract of improved land, in the county of Putnam, which were formerly sold by the state, at having been forfeited by the attainder of Roger Morris and Mary hit wife. It it represented, that Roger Morris had only a life estate io the property ; and that the person on the tenure of whose life be held it, it now living at a very advanced age ; and that Astor't title it derived Irpm those to whom it would revert on her decease. This subject has been before the legislature repeatedly. The Inds are of very great value ; and the occupants manifest great solicitude lo be quieted in their possessions. With a view Jo investigate the matter, and to obtain Astor1! terms for a compromise, a bill hat been reported, directing the appointment of two commissioners to aid the attorney general in makiug the proper investigations. Kcductum of balarui. I he committee ap pointed on thit subject, have recommended the reduction of the salaries of the following officers agreeabls to the annexed. Governor's salary, $5,000 Chancellor's, 3,500 Judgciof Supreme Court each, 3,500 Secretary of State, 1,500 Clerk of Laud Office, 500 Attorney General, 1,000 Treasurer, including office expenses, 1,500 Deputy Comptroller, 1,500 Surveyor General (to account for feet) 2,000 Reporter to Supreme Court, Sic. 1,000 Governor's private secretary, 500 J utlge of Probates, besides office feet, 2,t0 Suporintrndant of salt springs, 800 Ths clerks of the supreme court to receive one half of the feet at present charged lor their services, instead of their salaries and Uie usual appropriation! for contingencies. The office of deputy secretary of state to be abolished, and the secretary to appoiut a clerk, who it to be er ncio clerk of the land office. Bank. In .Senate, Mr. Van Ve hten has msde a report against the petition for a bank at Rochester. This report takes a concise and perspicous view of the evils resulting to the community from an excess of banking capital, and urges cogent objections to their increase. We will endeavor to give Uie report entire in our next j Ce0rftrt. A bill is before the legislature, declaring that bonds given by collectors snd their Mtretie. shall continue a lien on their real estates, respectively, until the conditions thereof are fully satisfied. yoluntur$.k bill was reported on Friday, refe. ring the settlement of all accounts, for the services and contingent expenses of the volunteers and militia of the state, during the the late War, to the Comptroller, who is to audit aud certify the same, and report the same to the legislature. It also empowers the same officer to examine Uie claims for arms pressed or taken into the service, and to pay all just claims. Quarter M. Gen. end pay M. Oen.K bill has been reported for the relief of these offi cers. It directs the payment of 500 dollars lo the former, in full of all services from the date of his appointment. It allows to the latter three dollars per day, from the date of his sp - poihtinent, in September, 1817, to the first day of May next, and 1962 dollars for bis contingent expenses. Both.offices to be abolished. NoaroLS, March 20. The sloop Pilot, captain Endicotu from Great Egg - Harbour, put into Hampton Roads on iuetday night, on account of the gale. Capt. Endicott reports that in. passing Ho, - - Island, on Tuesday forenoon he saw an hermaphrodite brig, which he took to be American, aground on Matchepungo Shoals with eefed fore - top - sail and fore - top - mast slay - sail st - t, snd theses breaking over ber to the height of the tbrctop. Capt E. radearoml to go to her as - . . i u MMHitia bv the breakers h.ihmks. fiorr. hit knowledge of the situation she was in, that she must have gone to pieces. Cspt - E. also informs thst he P" - ssme dsy, on the upper end of the Middle Ground, a sloop of sbout 50 or 60 tons burthen, bottom upwards, but on account of Uie heavy tea whkh was then running, was unable to get near enough to obtain a description oi ncr. - k. tv..tAm rnllft ber alone, ber msst elter rstely appeared and disappeared at the surface of the water. , - , H. Tina ah. March 16. We are informed by captain Swasey, from M.rttnlniir . that the new French rovemor had not as late as February 23, acknowledged the American - consui mere in i uu.i j. - - v Mir.i.iBom LIS. March 13. A letter from s gentleman in Hartford to his tmmA in this nlace savs " An express has :.. mrr wnl hi, h contradicts the report of i : . . - i .i.r..,. tha rtmirninir at iienrrsi uainci. n "'"" - ' was drowned, which gave rite to the report .' Baibich, CS. C.) March 20. OnTuesday snd Wednesday last we experienced the most violent snow storm that was evei known in this climate at this season. It commenced snowing about 3 o'clock on Tues day morning, and continued ti I one or two o'clock on Thursday morning, without inter mission. The warmth or the ground prevent - ed its accumulation, otherwise it would probably have been several feet deep. Foreign Artci. By the arri al latt evening of the ship PurtIf, we have received Glasgow papers to the 29th of January, and Liverpool lo the 3d of February, inclusive. Although these dates are four or five dayt later than were re ceived latt week by the meerfr and Euphrates, yet (bey add little or no(hing to our stock of fo reign intelligence. Advertised in the Glasgow Chronicle, of Jan. 29: Brig Hazard, Hanna, for Philadelphia' biig Sarah, Bodger, for NYork or Philadelphia. at freight may offer; ship Bristol, Briggt, for N York, to sail about 15th Fsb. ; brig Hope, Pils - biry, for NYork. The ship Geo. Hamilton, from Havre, for New - York, with 200 toot of bale goods Sic. went ashore in a severe gale, at 3 o'clock en the morning of the 30th Jan. three hours before high wster, nesr Portsmouth ; having two feet water in her hold, it wat supposed the would have to discharge. The Erin, Hustey, from London for N. York, put bark to Deal 30th Jan. by adverse winds. The Liverpool letters state that Cotton bad ad vanced a trifle, and that the Ports would be open ed for tbe admission of Flour on, the 23d. Prices of grain in Glasgow market, Jan. 68. American wheat, a boll of 240 lbs. 48 to 54s. Flonr, a sack of 280 lbt. 65 to 70t. Prkti Current at Liverpool, Feb. 3. From My - er t Advertiser. Ashe, Pols, 61 a 63 Pearls, 6S a 64s ; Cotton, Sen Island, 2s 4 a 3s ; Upland, Old, Is 64 to Is 8J v New, Is 8 3 - 4 to Is 94 ; New - Orlrans, Is 9 a Is lis ; Flaxseed per bush. Ids 6 a 17m 9; Flour, 68ta 63s: Sour, ttis a 60 ; Amer.l vvneai, it imoi nice, ji oi - " 21a : Turpentine, 17tal8s6; Stavet,W.O. pipe 25 a 30 ; hhd. 20 a 23 ; BM. 1 1 a 15. .... - .. . 1 - I - Mr. - o. C ' - Wl Arerecate averseeof Wheat, for the 3d week, ending 24th Jan. 85s 10. Jlmtnean StKKs, Jan. Ol. aix per cenis iw, 104A, dull ; Sevens, 110 : Bank Shares, 34, nomi nal, no demand. The ouantitv of floor under bond on the 31st Jan. to be admitted for home use, on the opening of the ports, was, at London 200 bit ; at Liverpool 1 HOT bit. Salet at Liverpool, the week preceding 3d ol Feb. About 6;tl0 bags Cotton ', 'about 400 hliiH Tobacco, of which 170 bhdt were Kentucky, ol lair average quality at 4d for ordinary, to 7d lor imnd 400 casks new Carolina Rice at 37 no" to 38t 50 bis Boston Pot Ashes at 62s Pearl are It lower. A lot SJtO bit superfine sour Orleans flour at 46, and smaller parcels at 48s 100 bhdt Flaxseed for sowinp nt 106s SWU ois lurpciiunp, si ius a 186d : 300 bis Amer.Filrh at 83 ; 200 bit Rosin 9. v.i.'i.'k: I icr I.... - in LI.VIl'. 1 - 1, fttll.U. Tl. fl,n Sillrnrk. fi - nm Koston for Portsmouth. put into Dover on Wednesday, cargo heated, and discharging - . The Hugh Wallace, from bt. Andrews, took fire at Belfast on 23d inst. and sustained conMilernhle damage. (Jravesend. Jan.SW Ar. Apollo, nice, Carolina Faiuiouth, ibth, Ar. William, Hagen.aNew Vork ; 27th, Uolcomla, Smith, Mew (Meant : Maria, Uiinlex, ."New torn. At Antwerp, zisi, v irtiiiia, Hillman, Hem York. At Alicant, Dec. 10, Mana - and - F.lixa, Hunsman, Boston At Marseilles, Jan. 17, Uclavo, Murdoch, I'hilaiv. ; lain, rnoi, wing, do. ; Amphitrite, Loured, Alexandria. At Cadic. Jan I Uie Mohawk, from IN. York Liverpool, Feb. 3. Arrived, Geo. Porter, Foster, Wiliuingloii ; Elirabeth, M'lnlmh, Charleston; Mercury, Hae, riiiladetpnia ; naicyon, sneiaon, Savannah ; Ladv - Gallatin, Swaine, of New Vork, Savannah, in 23 dayt ; William Athlon, Baxter, Richmond. Clpared. January 31. Diana. Berry, Charleston : John and Adnm, Kuight, Virginia. Feb. 2, Loan, rosdirk, INew torn. The Hugh Crawford, Alhol, from Charleston, at Rothsay Bay. The Mary, ot bellaul, rrom Charleston, for Liverpool, wat spoken 19th Jan. in lat. 41, AO, long. 47, 30. The Ellen. Elliot, from New Orleans for this nort. wat totallv lost in Dinirle Bay 22d ult.. The crew, and 300 balet cotton, ami about 600 barrels Hour tavpd. The Jane, Bancroft, from Philadelphia for thi4 port, at LOik,sr7lh till. The Homer, Bell, from Savannah, at Clyde ; the Phoebe, Anderson, from Charlestou, at do. Extract of a tetter from Liverpool, dated Jan. 2. There was a rood demand the last week for Cotton, and Uplands sold at rather better prices,, about jd per lb. Applet letch from 30 to 35. Naval stores continue in good demand and are rather on the advance. There is a fair demand (or Rice at 37s to 38t 6. ' Sour Flour tellt readily at 48 a 50s, snd tweet at 60 a 63t. Ihe ports will open on thezJd inst. London, Jan 30. The American brics Fox and Planter sailed from Trieste, on the 11th intant, for Baltimore, ludeu with arm and ammunition The Rill for the repeal of the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act was panted laM nicht. Lord Sid mouth, in introducing it into the House ol Lords, aid, there was no record on the Journals of the House, that an art of that sort had ever heen re pealed, or not sunerea to run lo ns niinoM limits. In this art of his Lordship we recognise Ihe stern spirit of justice w hich dictated the judgment of Brutus. Indeed hit Lordship appears to have at tained a higher degreeof stoic virtue than the great Roman, for the son of Brutus did not die by his father's own hand. The untimely fate of the Act of the last Selsion is not, however, the only point iu which it diners Iron, all itt predecestort. A measure of the tame species as never parsed, in like lime, and under like circumstances. It was perfectly unique in its kind, and we trust we " ne'er heJI look upon its like apaiii." ' January ol. The nrice of corn and bread continues to fall throughout France. In that country a eood harvest i attended with what in England as once thought to be its naiura) consequence, the cheap ne ol provisions. Ihe rtoval Assent wui oe riven ty commission. this day, to the Bill for repealing the Habeas Cor pus StMpensmn Act. Letter of the Uth instant from Madrid, men - lions, that t'ie utmost caution is observed to ore - rent ruue;gung from Gibraltar. Some unlortuuate persons, luiind with a small amount ol British roods upon them, had been hung in Xi rei de los Cuval - Irros. Ureal percutKns were still earning on igainst free masons, in which ths Inquisition wat laainr an urine pan. A Paris paper says, that at the children1! ball lately given in Paris, by tbe Duchett tf Orleans, a - daughter of the American minister entertained tbe company with an American dance, which she went through with much genliltuetn though nmj six rears of age. At Amoricaa dance, if1 it be not a translation from aa English iassc. must be an Indian one. . ' . We state, with much concern, that the smi - able duchess of Wellington hat been seriously indisposed for many days, arising from a dreadful accident, no lee than the break; one of the tendons Achilles. Thit lamentable occurrence arose In a lingular way. The following are ths facts : Her grace wat reading a letter from her illustrious husband, in which be said, "in last than forty hours after the receipt of this I shall be in London." Tbe duchess had proceeded thus far, when in burst the duke. In the har - ried nnaiety to receive his welcome embrace she flew to bis arm, but unfortunately one of her feet coming in contact with a table or chair, ahe fell, and met with accident sbove related. A series of hysteric fits fellowed, and bar grace did not recover (ill she was carried to bed. The fit arose from extreme dejection, the result of ill. heahh (or a long time past. The report y eater - day w it, that the duchess was rather better, but still confined to her bed. The manufacture of calicoes, or cotton piece goods at Klackburn, are very es tensive. About 25,000 pieces are made weekly, for which up. wards of 6,500 are paid for wages. In the course of last year, there patted through be Sound, 68 American vessels Bruutls pater BERLIN, Jan. io. ' Duelling Tbe legal inquiry instituted against col. Thiell, and the ci - devant captain of cavalry Goschiizki, for fighting a duel, i now terminated, and ha been followed by a lenience, which is entirely conformable to the severity of our law upon duelling. This first sentence has been pronounced only on tha officers engaged io this affair. Col, T biell has been sentenced to nine year's confinement in a fortress, and hit secood to the same punishment for four years. - It i aid, his majesty has confirmed the sentence to itt full extent. - Sentence hat not yet been pasted upon M. Goschiizki, who having been previously cashiered for o the r transgressions, is no longer amenable to military law. GREENOCK, Jan. 27. The wind still continue in a westerly tad outh west direction, and after a cessation of via. lence fer a few day, has, last night, commence agaio to blow very bard from south west ; a number of ships remain, consequently, wind - bound in our harbor, and at the tail of the bank. Extract of a letter from John M'Lean, agent to the underwriter! of Glasgow, atlslay, dated Coulabuss, Islay, 17th Jan. 1818 : "We have had a most tremendous gale here on (he Uth inst. There are parts of a vessel coming ee shore on (he west point of this island, tneb as top mast, cabin finishing, buckets, and oats are alto seen floating, but nothing has appeared that can lead to any discovery ' ' POSTSCRIPT. Lalctt from Europe The rhip Triton, IfoJ - mmh. V3. arrivM. at Rnfttnn. in daws frnm Liverpool, bringing London date to the 4tb and Liverpool to (he 6ta of February Inclusive, three dayt later than were received by (ha Pacific last evening. The Triton spoke, March 14th, lat, 43, 15, long. 42, 56, thip Zodiac, 16 days front New - York, for Ne wry. March 18th, saw two fields of ice. Gen. M'Gregor bad arrived at Liverpool from New - Providence, and set off for Scotland A Frankfurt article of Jan. 22, tays, " tbe fate of Count Las Castes is at length decided. He is to be placed under the protection of Austria, which grants him an asylum in her dominion but his health is o bad, that his life is thought to be in danger." The London Star observes that almost every account that reachet as from Germany shews that the public mind is far from beinc as aetaat oi quiet promises a fsumwinn Cotton is quoted in Liverpool on the 4th Feb. ' at 18 to Sid. At Glasgow on tbe 31t January, 26 a 22 1 - 4 for bowed.. DIED, On the 25th instant, of a long lingering illnett, Mrs. Margaret King, wife ol Cornelius King, in tbe 54th year of ber age. The friends of the family are requested to attend her funeral to - morrow afternoon, at 5 o'cl k. from her Into residence, No. 51 Bayard - street, without further invita tion. On the 18th intt. Mr. Margaret Piatt Brinck - erhoff, wife of Stephen I. Brinckerhoo, Esq. of KVCUIIUOK nu riuci Sjaut.uicr "I Ula - ' - Smith, Esq. of Washington, Dutchess County, a If .n h II k.nlli. iut Hitl. KVEXIXQ POST MARLVE LIST CLEARED. Ship Draper, Wbitlock, Liverpool B. Brown. St. Marys ' ' H. Eckford Petersburg, (Vir.) Alexandria Martioiqe Thomas Barron. . Com. Porter, Doaoe, Schr Juliet, Latouret, Malvina, J.ynbum, Schr. Venui, Valloo, Elisa Picott, Waterman, Esrops R. F. Mailer. Sloop Traveller, Beaston, Alexandria .IKrirrrl' r 'ftr..rt"vv, ' r - ctnnn rirtctnn Wivrwl ftfi hnnra from New . Bedford, with oil and fish, to Fish St GrinntH, r it t..iM r - .r. Shin Pacific. Willliams.18 days from liverpool. with dry poods, (tc. to I Wright ti Son, B. Mr shall, F. Thompson, and J.lhompson, owners. Tucker L. Carter. T. Dixon, D. Hadden, J. E1 burn k Co. Oboro & Cornell, J. Whitehouse, KjP &i Insrraham, T.kW. rrortor, W. V Uson, t. " Schmidt ii Uo. Major Si uillespie, j. nearo, - Asninvt all. R. H. Sairer, J. Evans, A. Wyrkoff.H, M Virkcr U Co. J. Wrieley, T. Fisher, H. Jt son, Sands, Spooner si Sands, T.Searth, ""J" tmnn.j. lavlor tiaons, j.uray, j. vjiyiuj, iv. . van.Dunham 8dAiichinckss, W. Cairnes, J. fct - ; Bolton, D. Ellicott, J. Carrow. R. Thooiptoe, Lord & Olmsted, Hattrick, Lee & Co. O. Chance, i . n o, k - H.ualM1 Winlkma. Unreel Co! J. Graham, T. Wright, C. R. Clark, J AV"" : head, W.Manks, D. Crowther.G. Copgill,T. f if well, Lawrence, Ripley i Co. Marsh fc BrM , G. H. Newbold, L. Slantbie, W C. Holly, J. HaiRht, Hill at Popham, U. uumner si t. y w r.M., M'la ti To W. W. liT. I Chetter,Hickt, Lawrence b Co. Haggem fcAsw ten, Hepburn ii Prince, L. Brothers, , J.W. Mo A. S Norwood, L.. at anvaam, iren,i - Rreed, A.Ofrsbury, H.WOelavan at Co J.GirJWt .Ik. nun w uw. v. - ii . Son, P Remsen b Co. It J. Hood, jr. PePy? K . 'r mm I C t "I. tlf m, I tflS IV W. Wild, W Stonnrt. J. Barker. J. Wood. nun ixiHKiri, r i.iis.irt "t' - c r.h - i in - smith .h.n Onieihorrtf tor wmtnait etnirs rr ier a rMiorirK. stssr iMsatsvaa . . . . sr i I - a Dufnll ' cWHriX Feb. 19, lat. 46. 16, long. 13, thip Adonis, w . V SO davs from Savannah, for Havre. MJ - s,sfl a' 32, 2,'tong. 45. chr. Harmony, of Bath, froroK - . Hurts, lor 'ape ae verat. xisi, i ..iB. 74, S0,chr. Ann, of Kingston from N. Carou lor Boston, ihe thip J sines monrwc, - - - fram New - York, and brig Sally, Eaves, JzL ton, all air. at Liverpool on the 1st Feb. Un i day niichl, SO miles E. S. E.of Sandy Hooa. V Utl uielll) Ullierat eh t. sv. w - - - ed the wreck of e vessel, supposed i . . i : - . . n . .m n two hours prrviont pirked up a maU 13 iwo i loon previwi pn sen "y - haci Pscific was wind bound in the channel 9 lays, a boisterous passage was ten days beealmeo, - - arriveil off the Hook ou 5?aiuroa.v j ith S'oon Union. HaU. 4 days from Newport, wws coal. . : . .. - 1. landed The James Monroe, hence io i ' rt he passengers 8th Jan at Mul Glowsy, she lout a cable and anchor in a gale ,' '"p.tht. Noaroix, March M. - Amvedsloop Cs"? rine - Ann, Cole, 4 days from N Yor5' Sch Union, Mersereau, from iv - - bound to Pi York. . boon Sch Brothers. Dehart, New Tork, 46 botira from the book. " . .,u - r" Sch Vnity, Van Name, H lor ;

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