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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME j^owsBiwtwe** "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1939 THJS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE _ ByPAULMALLOR -i! u * n j.H WPA Rolls Are Not Yet Cut by F. R. WASHINGTON--Mr. Roosevelt wjll toss congress for a one-point landing on one thing--the 150 million dollars of additional relief funds denied him earlier. It could not have been otherwise in view of the way the curt a i l e d W P A fund is being ad ministered. Administra t o r Harrington told the senators if they gave him only Â§725,000,- 000 (as t h e y did), he would probably start cutting relief rolls f r o m 5,000,000 persons in January to ' Paul Malfon z,a 0 0,0 0 0 in February, to 2,600,000 in March. He has not done that. WPA figures released Feb. 18 showed 3,010,068 persons then still on the rolls. Later figures will be out shortly but the WPA officials say these will not be much under 3,000,000 if at all. Question thus is raised as to whether WPA sincerely tried to apply the curtailment ordered by congress, or whether it administered the fund so as to wheedle the extra 5150,000,000 from congress. I; 1 Works Like a Zipper This shows why few authorities expect the highly publicized new economy drive to succeed. If i saves as much as a cent for every word sincerely spoken and printec so far in its behalf, most observers will be fooled. The executive branch ot the government now holds the purse- strings. As long as it works these ,i like a zipper, congress might as Â·;] well be holding an open bag as ' the purse. ' It will do ; no good for congress to limit total appropriations at any given time. The zipper workers can generally admin- the'speb.ding.so as to come ;:for, riripre.f ..wKenever they Â· . . ^economy theref of e" would .seem. t 'have much chance for success un less it. deprived the spenders o control over the zipper. When ant the money is to be spent mus be specified. The zipper b03 T s, of course, sa; this cannot be done. Congres cannot know ahead of time hov much will be "needed." Thus the merry game goes on and probably will go on indefi nitely. }/ i ),- 'Â·'I- Human Nature Element Another trouble with this econ omy drive is the same as with its predecessors -- h u m a n nature Most people want theirs and wan to economize only on the othe fellow's. Before the B a r u c h lunci party, the Honorables Garner Jimmy Byrnes, Alva Adams an Baruch were chatting. Game gravely lifted the white awning over his eyes and said: "Wei Barney, I think Jimmy and Alv here are pretty good boys whe it comes'to economy, but they'v got a lot to learn." Alva fired back: "Let me te: you, Mr. Baruch, Jack Garner pu me on this-economy band-wago after he had persuaded me to vot 3 million dollars for the Texas ex position." Adams had to go back severa years to find a rope to !a?so th V. P. but had him completely bull dogged and tied. Garner struggled for a momen then Â·murmured: "Well boys that all water over the dam-" Loosen Small Loans The Mead and Pepper bills 1 loosen up on small loans to busf ness grew out of some inside co~ laboration between Harry Hop kins, Jesse Jones and Bill Doug las (commerce department, RF and SEC.) Also Dun and Brad street has done some undercove work on the idea. Some like the Mead bill offer ing government insurance to small business loans: others prefe inauguration of regional industrial banks. Something will get through congress, probably the f Mead bill (the machinery of the Pepper bill would . delay, actual loans 12 to 18 months while the banks were being set up.) Figures will be .submitted indicating 1 to l\2 billion dollars may i be loaned to small business in the ) next 18 to 24 months if congress hurries. Â· Jones is already making small business joans but he requires proof that local banks have first denied them. RFC has completed 4,634 such, to an amount of 912 million dollars. In addition local banks have participated in 1,244 more loans of the same character to an amount of 52 million dollars. CCopjrljhl, KinK Features, Inc.) NO. 129 LOYALISTS BOMB MADRID REDS REFERENDUM IN WAR DECISIONS TO BE TAKEN UP Hearings Scheduled Soon on Proposal Opposed by Roosevelt WASHINGTON, (IP)--Advocates f a national war referendum, vhich the administration opposes, von a promise Thursday of a how down senate vote at this ses- ion. Senators La Follette (Prog.-Wis.) nd Clark (D-Mo.), two of the 12 ponsors of the proposed consti- utional amendment, received as- urances from a judiciary sub- ommittee that hearings would be ld soon. This disclosure coincided with nformation from members of the ouse military committee that their roup had approved a plan for ac- epting strategic war minerals in art payment of European war .ebts or in exchange for surplus gricultural products. Opposed by F. E. The scheme was inserted in a (ill authorizing the war department to spend $100,000,000 over a our-year period for reserves of manganese, tin, chrome ore and other minerals in which the coun- ry is deficient. The w a r ' referendum proposal vould require a popular vote oe- we the United States could go :o war. except in case of foreign attacks on any nation in the western hemisphere. A similar plan was killed in the house last year after the presiden! and Secretary Hull had opposed t. They contended then, and the ^resident renewed the objection his week, that a referendum might delay military operations necessary for the nation's de- 'ense. . . . . . . -. Batch Against Flan .While.:promising the .hearings ^hairm_an.-Hatch (D-N.'"Ilex.)fO lie 'seliate r ']Sdfclarj''' ; Sxlbcomrmt"- tee, said he would vote against the sroposal. I wouldn't even like to wait, down the streets of Washingtor ith my hands tied behind' me,' ie said, "and this would be tieing hands of the nation. I think the plan would actually increase ihe chances of war. It would invite any nation in the world to insult us." Includes Guam Aid While cloakroom conversations centered on recent neutrality developments, the senate naval committee pushed ahead with hearings on the administration's $65,000,000 naval base bill. The measure includes a $5,000,000 harbor improvement at Guam island--an item which the house rejected. . There was talk among committee members of a compromise, under which the Guam authorization would be approved with the understanding that no further money for developments there would be provided. Mrs. Gable Gets Divorce in Nevada Mrs. Maria Gable, estranged wife of Clark Gable, is shown as she received Iier formal divorce de- Lombard, screen comedienne. LOSES illoOO ! AT ROULETTE Actor's Former Wife Celebrates Receiving Divorce From Gable ' Â· H O LL Y W O O D, (U.R) -- Mrs. Maria Gable was back from Nevada Thursday, minus .nearly $1,000 she lost at roulette, while celebrating her divorce tr o m Clark Gable. -. ' '. Â·Â·'.'Â·.'. : .'-. Friends said she had espefefafljr bad.luck Vrttri her favorite-num-" :berrot.-35j,atthe^tvfb. ; Las Vegas casinos where she played. . She is .expected to'remain in Hollywood several days and leave for New York City to meet friends returning from E u r o p e . Mrs. Gable, who was the movie lover's VLan Blames "Friends" for Being Found in Wrong Bed IOWA FALLS--One drink too many . . . That appeared to be the cause Thursday of.a harum- carum series of adventures which Louie Ulbers, Butler ounty farmer, told Hardin and Franklin county authorities of after hectic evening at Iowa Falls and vicinity. Ulbers drove to Iowa Falls to visit his wife, who is in the hospital lere. Leaving the hospital to get a bite to eat, he met two friends--he emembers their faces, not their* lames--and they asked him to ake a drink. Ulbers accepted their invitation, nd when .-next he was conscious ound himself in a bed in a farm fionie near Chapin. iorne 'of - ?hmes, an . ^ urned' to~iheir"Home they* found libers, a stranger to them, lying on their bed, partly undressed. second wife, desertion. charged -him with Sioux City Robbers Get $1,000 in Jewelry SIOUX CITY, PP)--Robbers obtained jewelry valued at about 51,000 early Thursday morning when they broke a show window of the Thorpe and company jewelry store, and scooped up an assortment of diamond r i n g s and watches. The breaking of the window set off a burglar alarm. Police responded, but the robbers escaped in the meantime. 3 lowans Identified as Trio of Robbers COUNCIL BLUFFS, (/Pj--Police Capt. J. N.,_ Reynolds said Thursday three men giving Sioux City as their home were identified Wednesday night by F. L. Heese, of Fender, Nebr., as the trio that robbed him of S300 and a quantity of merchandise as he drove from Sioux City last Saturday. The robbery occurred near Dakota City, Nebr. Reynolds said the prisoners gave their names as Charles Hall, Leonard Smothers and -Lyle Hammatt. HARRISON AND F.R, CONFER 'Economy Bloc 1 Chief Tells President of Views on Confidence WASHINGTON, OP) -- Senator Harrison (D., Miss.), a leader of the senate "economy bloc," was called to the white house' Thursday to give President Roosevelt his views on how government can best contribute to business confidence. Harrison, accompanied by Representative Cooper (D., Tenn.) of the house ways and means committee, was expected to tell the president that an effort to reduce federal spending is essential to general recovery. Since the administration embarked on its program to encourage business, there have been growing congressional demands for , economy. These hai'e been echoed ' by business spokesmen. U.S., BRAZIL SIGN TREATY Liberal Extension of Credit by U.S. Is Provided in Agreement WASHINGTON, (#)_The United States arid Brazil signed far reaching agreements Thursday for the liberal extension of credit by the United States to- Brazil. The two countries also agreed to the freeing of the Brazilian exchange market for commerce from here, the establishment of a Brazilian National bank, and resumption of payments on Brazil's dollar debts. Through an exchange of notes between Secretary of State Hul and Brazilian Foreign Minister Aranha, this country's export-import bank will extend credits no to exceed 519,200,000 to the Bank of Brazil to enable the Brazilian government to discontinue official control over foreign exchang operations. President Roosevelt, the state department announced, will recommend .that congress place a Brazil's disposal gold up to $50, 000,000 to serve as assets for thi central reserve bank which Brazi will create. Brazil has agreed to develop complementary, non-competitive products for which the state de partment declared "a substantia market is believed to exist in tin United States." - CLAJt HOLDS DUCK FLORENCE, S. Car., (/P--U. S Marshal Hal Harvin took a clam into custody for duck hunting ou of season. He found the clan clamped on the foot of a duck The clam was so heavy the due! could not escape. It was the Mrs. -John Sheriff Fred Sehweiger of Franklin county was summoned, and placed Ulbers in jail. Aftermath: The Ulbers car was found in, a different location from where it was left; Ulbers still doesn't,know., who .took .bis car; who'-his "friends" were; nor how he got in the Thines bed. Authorities continued his case. BRITT DEFEATED BY ALBIA 28-26 Northwestern Moves Into Junior College Quarter-Final Play Mason City _ ...| Graceland of Lamoni BOONE, (ff)-- Withstanding a ast minute rally, Albia defeated Britt, 28 to 26, Thursday in the state junior college basketball .ournamenf. Albia led, 18 to 16, at the half ind in the final period Britt staged a' rally which stopped only two points behind the winners. Larson, Britt center, led the ;coring with 13 points, while Coll- ng, guard, paced the victors with 10 points. Northwestern of Orange City, a pre-tourney favorite, defeated Red Oak, 40 to 26, to land a quarter-finals game with Tipton Friday. Tipton edged out Washington 36 to 35. FARSIINGT.ON AND MASSENA GIRLS DES MOINES, i/P)-- Farmington beat back Akron's third period rally and won the opening game of the Girls' State High School Championship Basketball tournament here Thursday. The score was 32 to 26. Massena, with Betty Brandon counting the winning points, moved into the quarter-finals with a 24 to 22 victory over Ossian. Iowa Tuberculosis Association to Meet in Mason City in '40 DES MOINES, /P) -- Wan-en Ferguson, Ottumwa, . Thursday was re-elected president of the Iowa Tuberculosis association. Dr J. C. Painter, Dubuque, was named first vice president, anc Mrs. O. A. Baumeistcr, Counci Bluffs, ' second vice president Mason City was selected for the site ot the next annual meeting. HIGHWAY IS REOPENED SHENANDOAH, (/P)--After being closed all night because o flood waters and an ice jam in the west Nishnabotna river, highway 3 between Shenandoah and Sidney was Thursday. opened to traffi LOOK INSIDE FOR- HOUSE NEXT TO DEBATE SAFETY BILL FOR IOWA Senate Votes to Take Highway Patrol Away From Secretary Miller DES MOINES, (ff)-The bill to remove the highway patrol., from the jurisdiction of Secretary of State Earl G. Miller Thursday was at the Â· legislative halfway mark. Iowa senate approval was given late Wednesday to the public safety department measure proposing the consolidation of various state enforcement ' and inspection functions under Gov. George A. Wilson. The vote was 36 to 5. Representative Deaii \V. Peisen (R) Eldora, house sponsor of the measure, said the lower chamber probably would begin consideration of the bill Friday. Affects 6 Departments The bill would merge into a safety department approximately 275 state officers and inspectors now scattered through six separate departments. The public safety commissioner, who would have full charge of the new setup, would be appointed by the governor. Divisions affected by the proposal are: The highway patrol and part of the remaining motor vehicle department functions, now under Secretary of State Miller; the bureau of investigation and the police radio system, now under Attorney General Fred Everett; truck inspectors of the state commerce commission, and the state fire marshal. The latter now is subject to appointment by the governor. Provokes Sharp Debate -The bill also gives general-..pa- lice powers to highway patrolmen, a subject which provokec sharp debate because of its possible labor connotations. The republican senate majority beat oft two attempts to change the wording of the "industrial dispute' section. Found Guilty of Bank Robbery Leo Mikesh of Acklcy was found guilty of bank robberj- when a jury returned a verdict at Allison after being out four hours Wednesday. The case was tried before Judge T. A. Beardmore and took four days. It is alleged he took between S50 and S60 in a branch bank in Kesley. Mikesh claimed he was playing cards in Dumont at the lime of the robbery. -' COUNT GALEAZZO CIANO Reassures British of Reported Troop Moves PAGE 2 Lackore Is Head of Farmers' Institute PAGE 7 North Iowa Schools Fall at Cage Meet PAGE 13 Minneapolis Elevator Strike Is Concluded MINNEAPOLIS, (U.R) -- Nearly 1,000 elevator operators and building maintenance workers returned to their jobs Thursday to end a strike that has tied up service in 35 public office buildings during the past seven days. Members of the striking building service em- ployes union .late Wednesday voted acceptance of a peace proposal that met many of their demands. One effort would have eliminated the section limiting the use of patrolmen in industrial strikes Another would have changed the section to prohibit the use of patrolmen in labor disputes. Headed Reorganization The measure was the "No. 1' proposal in the republican program of government reorganization. Put Under Commissioner The bill, which now goes to the house, would combine the division of patrol, inspection and enforcement under a commissioner ap pointed under the governor for a six year term at an annual salary of $4,500. Passage came at the end of the second day of activity on tin measure. It was the longest meet ing of the senate so far this ses sion. Were Against Bill Voting against the bill were William F. Beardsley, R., New Virginia; Ed Breen, D., Fort Dodge; M. X. Geske, D., McGregor; Lester S. Gillette, D., Fostoria, and Dr. Maurice Moore, D., Walnut. Consistent attempts of a minority group to defeat the purpose oÂ£ the bill were voted down. An opposition coalition was led by Breen and Beardsley. Breen offered 25 amendments, designed virtually to cut the measure to pieces. All either were lost or withdrawn. Defeat Change 23-22 One of Breen's amendments-lo reword the section of the bill to eliminate any possibility of patrolmen being called out in case of labor disputes--was defeated, 23 to 22. The section provides that patrolmen may be used in such disputes only in case of violence and on order of the governor or request of a mayor. Breen earlier sought to strike out completely the labor dispute section. He was defeated, 30 to 14. The Fort Dodge senator pointed out that in the Maytag washing machine strike at Newton, Iowa, last summer, a Newton official asked Gov. Nelson G. Kraschel to send 50 members of the highway patrol to the scene. Fears "Constabulary" "It seems to me you are setting up a this section as it stands," Bieen declared. An amendment offered by Senator Hugh Lundy, R., Albia, requiring the commissioner--^on request of the attorney general--to assign the latter not more than six men for investigation duties, was adopted. Other Amendments Passed Several other amendments were passed. They included one sponsored by Senator E. P. Donohue, New Hampton, republican floor leader, specifying requirements for members of the department. Donohue withdrew an amendment to increase patrolmen's pay by from S10 to $40 monthly. Departments affected by the bill employ 264 men, normally. An amendment to the bill by L. B. Forsling, R., Sioux City, approved by the upper chamber, would permit the commissioner to co-operate with private organizations such as the Iowa Safety council in the carrying out of highway safety work and would permit him to spend any money appropriated'by the legislature for safety education. "WAR WITHIN A WAR1SFOUGHT BY JOSE MIAJA Spanish Fights Nests oi Communists; Rebels Prepare for Assault M A D R I D , (IP) -- Republican warplanes bombed groups of.re- Â·bellious communists on the outskirts of Madrid Thursday in a drastic attempt to suppress their uprising against the new defense council. All exits from Madrid w e c e guarded by General Jose Miaja's republican forces. With a powerful nationalist army arrayed for an assault-just outside the republican capital, Miaja called his regular forces from Madrid's trenches to crush communist nests persisting in resistance to the defense council within the city. 1,000 Have Surrendered The republican government had warned it would use warplanes again to bomb communist rebels in Madrid and its environs into submission. An indication of the scope oE the "war within a war" inside beleaguered Madrid was seen in the announcement that 1,000 Carabi- ncros had surrendered after participating in the revolt. Mobile army units were summoned to aid the Miaja council, which was in continuous session, at its headquarters. . Miaja's defense council admitted that isolated groups of the communists who revolted Monday night against the council still were holding out. Tanks Also Used Wednesday the council announced that surrender of communist leaders and capitulations of certain strong points had virtually ended the war within the civil war. The communists revolted against Miaja's determination to negotiate peace with Gener--'^ Francisco Franco's national L ^J government Â· Â· v, Planes were used against tlV FIRE DESTROYS PLANES COUNCIL BLUFFS, (fl)--Two airplanes of the Burnham and Miller flying service were destroyed by fire of undetermined origin at the airport here. Golden Rule Held on Traffic Charge BETHLEHEM, Pa., (if) -- State police arrested a motorist on charges of failing .to yield the right-of-way to another driver. The motorist said his name was Golden Rule. communists Tuesday and tank*. were brought into play by Miaja^' Wednesday. Compelled to Use Force A communique said loyal Infantry forces as well as airplanes would be used against the rebels. The national defense government "despite its desire to be as humane as possible," it said, "is compelled to use force." It asserted that isolated groups of communist revolters were holding out despite "their promises to surrender and put themselves under orders of the national defense government." a state constabulary-in fact f u r t h e r me , tedB t , iVai L ?1i a * my ' Breen said. North lowans mcanv o fiiHHort tVt ^if- ftt-ftifttfiii] J-^K.-n-. . . . . . . ' "iÂ«-Â«"ii He added that organized labor opposed the section, although the bill's sponsors said they had the support of labor leaders. "I've talked to every labor representative in this hall this afternoon and not one oÂ£ them favor it The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Increasing: cloudiness, occasional rain or snow probable in west and south portions late Thursday nisht and Friday, and in northeast portion Friday; sliffhtly n-armer Thursday night, slowly rising: temperature Friday. MINNESOTA: Fair in east portion, increasing cloudiness in west portion, not quite so cold in west and south portions Thursday night; Friday unsettled with rising temperature, snow in west and south portions. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: . Maximum Wednesday 44 Minimum Wednesday night 20 At 8 a. m. Thursday 21 Another bright sun Thursday es of snow, while, \von- dered if it was the last snow blanket of the winter that was disappearing. LAST YEAR: Maximum 35 Minimum 25 HOUSE PASSES REORGANIZATION Economy Demands Appear to Soften Senate Opposition WASHINGTON, (#) -- Congressional economy demands appeared Thursday to have softened senate opposition to the government reorganization bill, which passed the house Wednesday night after bipartisan attempts to mend it had failed. Because the bill was modified so greatly from the one which drew nationwide interest last year, members received only a smattering of messages expressing views of constituents. The new bill directs the president to realign federal agenciei to reduce expenditures, increase efficiency, and eliminate duplication of effort. The bill omits last year's provisions which would have eliminated the comptroller general and cut to one administrator the three- man civil service commission. These and certain other agencies cannot be revised under the new legislation. TALLE VOTES AGAINST REORGANIZATION IN BILL WASHINGTON, (IP) -- lowans in the house followed party lines closely as they voted when the house passed the government reorganization bill. Democrats Harrington and Jacobsen voted for the measure. Republicans Dowell, Gilchrist, Gwynne, Jensen. Lecompte, Martin and Talle voted against iU RESCUED FROM RIVER IOWA CITY, (#)--Karl Beck ot Davenport rescued Juanita Mitchell of Tulsa, Okla., when she fell through thin ice on the river here while posing for pictures. Both are University of Iowa graduate students.