The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 8, 1939 · Page 36
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 36

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 8, 1939
Page 36
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Page 36 article text (OCR)

,..l-.... 20 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Nub spun shirt make dot print. Dou ble p*(eh pock ets. Apna, Rose Blue, Gold NUD spnn [an print. Interesting stltehine tletsil developed in pockets'. Full length front closing. Copcn felue, Bose, Aqua. As gay ana blithesome as the Southland--they're smart to wear now under coat, and perfect? for sunshine ahead. There's a note of real elegance in the fine detail and needlework you'll always find in Georgianas. Choose them today in y^r most becoming colors. Washable and color-fast. Monotone Ray soft fullness. C cat pockel seam skirt C a p e n A q a a. Green, Ras 5010--Deep sea print slab .broadcloth, gored swing s k i r l . Blue, Bed, Brown. Exclusive With Give Results in Brooding Experiments No method ot brooding chicks Is definitely superior to others in the development of layers. That is the conclusion reached by E. VT. Callenbach, J. E. Nicholas and P. H. Margoli of the Pennsylvania State college, following a series of experiments -in which representative commercial brooding systems were tested. Seven brooding systems were Studied in the course of the experiment, including hot water, electric with auxiliary hot water heat, electric, coal, gas and battery up to 12 weeks of age. No effort was made to maintain a set temperature at the edge of the hot water, coal, oil, or gas stove hovers, under the electric brooders or in the heated portions of the battery, though in all cases the temperature of the "warming zone" was adjusted to the point where the chicks seemed the most comfortable. Otherwise, throughout the experiment, management practices were the same for all birds. Brooders Vary Cost of fuel in the community, time of brooding, management of the brooder and the type of brooder determine the cost of operation. Where the various types of fuel were available at comparable rates, it was found that the cost of operation of the different types varied Tittle. Certain makes are greater fire hazards. Some require more attention than others. One thing brought out by the experiments was that neither temperature nor relative humidity has any measurable effect upon feather growth, growth of the chick, or upon sexual development. More rugged, vigorous and healthy pullets were not produced hy the cold conditions prevailing in houses heated only by electric brooders. Neither did the moisture formed around the hovers of electric brooders dur- ^ ing cold weather have any harm*" ful effect upon the health of the chicks, even though the houses were cleaned ho more frequently. Electricity Used It was found that pullets brooded with electricity, when the brooder heat was applied by means of exposed, black heat resistance coils, were slower in attaining sexual maturity than comparable pullets 'exposed to other sources of brooder heat. Although no definite reason has been found for this, it is thought possibly to be because of certain rays emitted by the heating element. Single-Comb White Leghorn pullets brooded with electric brooders required approximately 20 days longer'to attain sexual maturity than comparable pullets brooded with hot water or coal brooders. Thirty more days were required by Barred Plymouth Rock pullets to reach sexual maturity than others brooded with hot water, coal, oil, or gas. However, chicks brooded with an electric brooder in a T -'pen supplied with auxiliary heat required only 14 days longer. Expert on-Animals Advocates Allowing Cattle Do Grinding "Time doesn't mean much to beef cattle and since they are equipped for the work, let them do their own grinding," says C. C. Culbertson of the animal husband ry department at Iowa State college. "Thus grinding soybean hay does not pay unless the livestock feeder is short on roughage and is feeding a limited ration. Even then it is questionable unless the farmer has his own tractor and mill to do the grinding. "With the low prices of soybean and other hay, grinding hay for beef cattle will probably not pay this winter," Culbertson explains. "The amounts of coarse stems beef cattle will clean up varies with the ration and the quality of the hay they are being fed. "Cattle being pushed will not clean up as many stems as animals being fed a limited ration. "In any case, the stems do not have much feeding value. Instead of wasting $2 a ton on grinding, it's often move economical to use the stems for bedding."

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