The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 3, 1944 · Page 1
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February 3, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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NORTH IOWA'S * DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E ? "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU L Associated Freu mat United Press Full Leased TVirei Fiv« Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1544 HOME EDITION iTTTTTTl iRMANSLOSE 10VNO, LUTSK IN OLD POLAND I, Stalin Announces 1st | and 2nd Ukrainian Fronts Are Joined London, (JP) -- In a triumphant irder of the day, Marshal Stalin loimced Thursday the joining the. first and second Ukrainian onts, trapping 10 German divi- ions, after the German high com- land had actepwledged the loss f Lutsk. (Luck) and Rovno in old foland. Stalin'proclaimed the capture of mela, rail center in the Dnieper laud, and said- the 2 mighty red italics of Gen. Nikolai Vatutin . ind.Gen. Ivan S. Konev had made 'tains of up to 45 miles in a 100- mile break-through of the German lines. "As a result of these operations troops of the second, and first ^Ukrainian fronts joined up in the (area of Zvenigorodka and Shpola iand thus closed a ring of encirclement .around an enemy group operating north of this line, num- ibering- 9 infantry and one tank '[divisions," Stalin announced in [his proclamation, broadcast from "jMoscow. it Stalin did not mention Lutsk, 70 miles inside the pre-war Polish frontier, or Rovno, 30 miles west of the old border. Evacuation of these places had been admitted pearlier 'in a sweeping acknowl- , edgement of losses by the German 1 high command, broadcast in the daily German communique. .' : To the north, meanwhile, the 'Russians had reached the Narova river within Estonia. . In the course of the Ukraine of! tensive, Stalin announced, "our tttroop's';;captured more; than 300 'popuiatea. places. .These included l^.StisMnV.rjO 1 ": Zvenigbrpdka-, -Sjbpola, ^Sme'la f \ Bftffiiia'y. ^JK,~"~~ J ~ IDovfinskaya, .Svetkova and Jrtor- ipnoyka.v - . . .Evacuation of Smela had"been admitted by the Germans last jSaturday. ' I, "The nazi -withdrawal f r o m [·Lfitsk was. surprising, since last previous reports from this sector at the eastern front had placed the fighting in the area of Rovno, 10 miles to the east, and there had [!een no indication that Lutsk .was ret menaced. The high command's commu- ique, broadcast in England by INB, said: "Rovno arid Luxk were evacu- ted in the course of embittered K2fensive fighting." £*}(Luzk is the German spelling; ;«Sick the Polish, Lutsk an Angli- vtized form.) ,'j The evacuation of Lutsk indi- I cated that Gen. Nikola: Vatutin's · Ukrainian army had advanced 50 ',i miles in a few days and was in a ! position to turn the German lines I all along the lower Dnieper river j and throw the nazis into Bessa; rabia, part of pre-war Rumania. · Two days ago, the Germans began ' reporting a new offensive 50 miles cast of Lutsk. Moscow has not yet confirmed the advance. British military circles saw no reason for serious doubt, although one comment was that "I naturally want to hear the Russians confirm U because there ./'always is a chance that the Germans might report a false withdrawal and then claim a recapture later." · ' · " The swift-advance threatened completely to nullify Marshal Von [.I Mannstcin's desperate s t a n d jaround Vinnitsa and Uman in the I western Ukraine, attacks which "have been blocking the Russians from the Bessarabian border 60 to 70 miles away for several weeks. Should Vatutin sweep down the railroad from Lutsk to Lwow, the estimated 500,000 Germans in the Ukraine could be extricated only through Rumania, R - From .Lutsk, Valutin a l s o I] menaces Brest-Li to vsk, one of the ··· most important communication centers of pre-war Poland and key to the entire White Russian front. An earlier announcement by we Berlin radio said: ·'"In the course of German movements on the eastern from Rovno and.Luzfc were abandoned by German troops Wednesday. The German troops have taken up new positions west of the two towns." Although ' the Russians them- ·elvea have not disclosed a new ·ffensive in this region, Berlin reported Wednesday night that an intensified soviet drive had been launched and said the red army had crossed the middle Gorin liver which tons west of Rovno. ..Farther to the southeast the communique said the Russians were attacking Shcpetovka. New soviet thrusts also were reported on the Nikopol bridgehead while southwest of Dnepropetrovsk the nazis admittedly were heavily en- Close Trap on THREATEN CORE of Nazis LINE DEFENSES This Paper Consists of Two sections--Section One Bergdoll, Notorious Draft Dodger, Freed From Prison Leavenu-prth, Kans., (JP)--Attired in a government issued civilian suit, Graver Cleveland Bergdoll, 50, notorious draft dodger of World war I was released Thursday from the Ft. Leavenworth disciplinary · ·- barracks where he served a 314 year term imposed by a military GROVEE BERGDOLL gaged against advancing soviet tank formations. Lutsk lies but 60 miles cast of court. A fellow prisoner who was released at the same time said Bergdoll. was met at the gate by his wife in a taxicab. Mrs. Bergdoll had with her the couple's youngest child. The 3 left by cab, presumably to return to Kansas City where Mrs. Bergdoll stayed Wednesday night. Bergdoll was received at the prison Nov. 8, 1940, to serve a term at hard labor for. desertfon and escaping from custody. He was convicted after returning voluntarily from Germany where he had tied in 1920, He also had a 4-yeav term from a previous conviction. Bergdoll, son oj a wealthy Phila delphia brewer, was 23 when World war I broke out. He ignored his draft call and went into hiding, spending most of his time at the huge home of his mother, Mrs. Emma Bergdoll. -Captured in 1920, he was sentenced to 5 years a! hard labor. After serving 6 months he received permission to leave the prison camp on the pretext that he -·f-had buried some gold and wished line miles southeast, of Berlin, and 215 miles southeast of Warsaw. A German military spokesman in a midafternoon broadcast from Berlin said: V :a dig it up. He eluded his guards and sped to Canada, sailing shortly for Germany. After his voluntary return to at he visits ,, at his mother's home. While in Germany he was ed to Berta Frank, daughter of a villager. They have 6 children. gress along alniost the entire length, of the eastern front. high command to abandon the "viog. (own of Rovno and 'to lake positions farther to the west. Lutsk also-was abandoned. ' s .."Fi8h|ini:is.so'-fluid it:is very .Difficult to' give a .aetaUed;pirture 'Oa- .tKer,yariQus : front 'sectors.""~':'~~ Lutsk; capital 1 .:"pf / the Polish province of Volhynia, is east of the Bug river which forms a portion of the "Curzon line".recently proposed by Russia as the basis for a post-war boundary with Poland. Thus its capture would place the red army approximately two-thirds of the way across the section o£ Poland which the Russians expect.to hold permanently. Both Lutsk and Rovno are important rail and highway centers with pre-war populations in the neighborhood of 35,000-40,000. Loss of Lutsk would mean the Germans have lost the use of a major railway from Warsaw to Odessa, although a more southern route still is available. There was a possibility that the withdrawal from Lutsk meant the Germans already are preparing to take up positions along-trie Polish Bug river, 240 miles from the German frontier, 'for a decisive stand. " . The'Germans also were being pushed back inside Estonia, where the red army driving alone the Gulf of Finland west of captured KlogJsepp,. r e a c h e d positions along the Gulf of Finland west of captured Kin'gisepp, reached positions along the Jfarva river, northwest of the ancient seaport of Narva itself. This indicated laht the Russians now are battling on Estonian soil. ' While the Moscow advices did not specifically say that the .old E s t o n i a n frontier- had been crossed," the inference was .implicit, for the .Narya river--which flows through Narva' into the Gulf of Finland--is well inside the former" border. ·" ' · Forty towns-n o r t h w e s t and southwest of Kingisepp were captured by Gen. Leonid A. Govprov's Leningrad army 'Wednesday, a Russian communique said They included Ust--Luga at the mouth of the Luga river on the Giilf of Finland and Monastirek, 17 miles below Kingisepp andja miles from the frontier. i Capture of Kingisepp gave Gov- orov control of the entire south- em shore of the Gulf of Finland Red army troops took a heavy toll of the retreating Germans In 'h* Kingisepp sector. More than 1.2W nans were killed, the.Mos- cow bulletin said. West of the Leningrad-Moscow trunk rail line. Russian mopping- up parties killed another 1,100 Germans and beat down several savage enemy counter-attacks in the Novgorad area where Gen. A A. Meretskov.'s Volkhov army wai pushing west toward Lake Pel- pus. the soviet communique re ported. WILL GO TO N. T. Des Moines, {#)_Brig. Gen ---- -----"~» . A" ^--"*»s. uen. Charles H. Grain, Iowa selective service director, will leave Saturday for New York City to participate in a 10-day naval indoctrination course for all stale directors in order to acquaint them fully with naval manpower require ments. said Bergdoll had told him he planned to return to his 260-acre Des Moines District OPA'Head Is Promoted Washington, (/Pj--Senator Gillette (D., Iowa said Thursday he had been advised of the appointment' of Rae Waiters as regiona director of the office of price administration in Chicago to succeec Raymond S. McKeough, resigned Walters is now Des Moines district OPA director in Iowa. Americans Battle to Within 500 Yards of Cassino Stronghold BULLETIN LONDON', MJ.R) -- The allied- controlled Cairo radio said Friday that 5th army troops have broken Into the streets of Cassiao and that the fall of that nazi-held Italian tronghold is expected momentarily. By DOX WHITEHEAD Allied Headquarters In Italy, (.?) --American troops had battled to within 500 yards of Cassino from the north Thursday and allied headquarters announced that the core of the Germans' Gustax 1 line was "seriously threatened." ' The Americans and French tore wide gaps in the Gustav line in bloody fighting in the mountains to the rear of the stronghold despite a hail of fire from German 6-barreled mortars and self-propelled runs manned by a "last ditch" garrison fighting from the ruins. At the same time other Americans were making a direct frontal attack on the ancient city guarding the open Liri valley. To the north, meanwhile, allied troops enlarged their Anzio bridgehead in the face of desperate German counter-attacks and engaged in hard fighting in several sectors One of the German counter-attacks thrown back was just wesl of liittoria. With their Cassino front near collapse the Germans were throwing attacks against the beachheads with increasing strength as new elements arrived in the enemy line in an effort to seal off the most serious threat to Home. On the comparatively quiet 8th army front along the Adriatic the allies bad the enemy jumpy anc nervous. The nazis were shooting off flares' frequently at night, ant there was much movement of ·enemy transport behind the lines (German neirybusness frequent- offensive.) . - . . -. Fighting grimly.to haltXt. Gen Mark W..Clark's 5th army at Cassino, the Germans threw in counter-attack after counter-attack 01 the American flanks. ' But the Americans and Frencl to the north widened the breach in the Gustav line to 3 miles, capturing several heights near Terelle The, Americans. crossed the Cassino-Terelle road and Terelle. itself was almost surrounded after the capture of a series of heights on ML Castellone, a 2,300-foo peak where 100 prisoners were taken. Cassino faced encirclement .* the Germans continued to fight to the last man as they gave ever; indication of doing. The Americans coming down from the moun tains were in a position lo cu highway No. 6 !o Rome behind the defenders. The highway already was .of little use to the Germans since it was under the com Walters, whose home is Harlan Iowa, formerly operated a rendering plant there. A democrat, he has been district director since last June. He was away from his office in Des Moines Thursday ant not immediately available £o: comment on the appointment. The region, the sixth,' consists ,,..,,_. ^,. ,.,,,,, of Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Wis- mand of allied artillery on th consin, Minnesota and North and slopes above. «s±a«on°Al^ in F? nMcKeo " gh '? But aes " Ue *« threat from ev 3S52.°L/£,5a =or! ^1^^^= £«? rowed in the ruins like the Rus sian defenders of Stalingrad. They had to be cleaned out o caves and dugouts one by one ii the vicinity of Ml. Manna, and ou of the Monte Villa barracks to th north of the town. From 50 to 100 bombs smashed into wireless installations at Durazzo on the Albanian coast \vhei liveratbrs of the 15th air force sc out to wreck that nazi communication center in the Balkans. TVIitchells blocked the Appiai way 11 miles south of Rome a Albano and warhawks bombe Cisterna where American' troop fought on the outskirts of lha Appian way town. In other operations warliawk attacked shipping off the Jugosla' coast, spitfires shot up trains am trucks moving along the Jugosla' coast and night raiders hit Mari bor, in Jugoslavia. RAE WALTERS --Regional OPA Chief Frees Prisoner Who Served 4 Months for Stealing Watermelons Springfield, III., (/P)--Governor Gree " u as freed a stale farm pris " o^r who served 4 months of a 9 month sentence for theft ot 4 watermelons. "The melons were not stolen with the intention of selling them but for the purpose of eating them," the governor said. "The penalty was out of proportion." The prisoner, Cleius Womack, 23, was ordered released imme- dia,tely. Kay War Saving* Bonds and Stamps fro» y»nr Globe-Gazette carrier *»y. .. · Weather Report FORECAST I»son City: Fair Thursday nigh and Friday; colder Thursda night, lowest temperature i Mason City 15. Iowa: Fair Thursday night an Friday; colder Thursday night and slightly colder in the c portion Friday. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Thurs ,day night and Friday. Coldc -Thursday night and extrem southeast portion Friday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 50 Minimum Wednesday night 25 At 8 a. m. Thursday 25 YEAR AGO: i Maximum 33 Minimum 27 Precipitation .17 Snowfall .50 Clapper Dies Air Crash on Marshalls Washington, (JPJ -- Raymond tapper, the well-known Washigton columnist and political ommentator, has lost his life in plane accident while covering e invasion of the Marshalls in he central Pacific. A brief navy announcement ere said: "The commander - in - chief of :ie Pacific fleet has reported that plane in which Mr. -Raymond Clapper was a passenger, en- aged in covering the Marshalls nvasion, collided ^ with another lane while forming up. Mr. flapper was in the plane with lie squadron commander. Both 'lanes crashed in the lagoon, 'here were no survivors." The exact time and place of :ie accident were not given. Clapper, long associated with he Scripps-Howard newspaper yndicate, left here on Dee. 28, oing to Honolulu and Australia nd subsequently joining the Fa- ific fleet. He was 51 years old, a native of Ann county, Kans., and attended he University of Kansas before loing into newspaper, work. His vife and 2 children live here. He 'began his distinguished ca- eer as a reporter on the Kansas City Star in 1916, later joined the United Press in Chicago^ and was ssociated ( with that organization in assignments in Milwaukee, St : aul, New York and Washington, ecoming chief political writer for Jnited Press and manager of its Washington bureau. Clapper subsequently became a ;pecial writer for the Washington 5 ost and went to the Scripps- loward newspapers in January 936, as columist and political commentator. He was a former honorary president of Sigma Delta Chi, the national journalistic fraternity and one time head' of the capital's Gridiron club. He was the authoi of the book "Racketeering ir IVashington." As recently as. last Friday Clapper said in his column appearing in Scripps-Howard newspapers through the United Fea- ures. Syndicate, that he felt his Pacific assignment was a success Kcause he had been able to obtain a jungle, knife for his young son, William Raymond. · - In, characteristic human interes style, :i Clapper, told/in -the- wire- lessed Hrtienprt^ of jn'ee'ttng' '*. an. 1 -- pi? UhitiM'r'-press -vc611cagueT*~ Huh Clement, "somewhere in New uinea," and said: ·'Through him a very thoughtful thing happened to. me. All the way along I had' been trying to ;et a souvenir. I once went to Hollywood and returned home .vithout having seen Shirley Temple, and I hard a hard time squaring myself with my children, \vh were then small. This time, I ha peen ordered to bring back a iungle knife for my son. "I was having no luck at all is everybody was fresh out o knives. But Hunt disappeared and brought back with him Lt. F C. Robinson, Tacoma, Wash., an after we were introduced Robin on handed me a bran'cl-nev iungle knife, which makes"thi Pacific assignment n success a far as I am concerned." Clapper'became a no'table figuvi .n Washington journalism. He es tablished and maintained a re markable association with th great political figures and late with,the military leaders of ou times. He was assigned here dur ing the latter part of Woodrov Wilson's 2nd administration anc was on the job through Harding Coolidge, Hoover, and thus fa with President Roosevelt. From the Hardin? "front porch campaign, through the Scope monkey trial, the oil scandals, na val conferences, the political con ventions, 1st, · 2nd and 3rd ne\ deal, ' the war--Clapper covere' them all. adding always disiinc tion (o himself and to his profes sion.. -Clapper's colleagues were re membering things about bin Thursday in the offices where h had worked and was so we known. The purple burst of pro fanity when things went wron and the quick soft word of apolog a moment after. There was th time he sat for some 13 hours die tating- a running story from th press box of the 1932 democrat! national convention and could no be persuaded to leave his chair. He was essentially a shirt sleev journalist, although the countr boy from Kansas did become polished, cosmopolitan figure. H lived in one of the most emphal ically modernistic homes in Wash ington. Yanks Closing in on Heart of Jap Forces on Marshalls Lipstick Kisses Are Barred From V-Mail C h i c a g o , #)--Lipstick kisse may furnish just the right trim fo Valentine letters and they ma look good on some stationery--b not on V-mail. The army has note that such kisses create smudges o other letters. For that reason, say Maj. Orman V. Rowe, lipstic traces have been barred from V mail. Thus, the best kisses (for V mail) are still made with cros marks x x «. Buy War Savings Bonds an Stamps from your Globe-Gazett carrier boy. NO. J CAPTURE ROI ISLAND--U. S. troops of the forces invading the Marshall islands in the Pacific have captured Roi island of the Kwajalein atoll and its well-developed airstrip. -Landings have .been rnade on other parts of the Kwajalein with action progressing favorably. Limiting of U. S. Ballot to Overseas Use Wins Support Washington, (IP)--In a quick shift of strategy, senate administra- iori leaders agreed informally Thursday to accept an amendment o pending service vote legislation which would confine use of a iroposed federal war ballot large-* y to members of the armed forces overseas. Senator Lucas, (D-I1I.), told a reporter he and others,-of like icus would not oppose adoption of a revised amendment by Senator Danaher, (K-Conn.), which would make state absentee ballots .vatlable to most military personnel-in this country. The Danaher proposal would re:ain the federal ballot for service men and women overseas .and.also absentee ballots lo all men and women in uniform. A coalition, of republicans and iouthern democrats--among them many of the men who beat thc- administration's first war ballo; proposal 2 months ago--came into the senate with their substitute proposition Wednesday. The plan united in one camp the opposition to the Green-Lucas proposal. The substitute would retain th- federal ballot but would authorize its 'use.'only-where the states fillet ' country whose states failed to provide adequate absentee voting facilities. ^ Lucas said the amendment would be accepted with an addi- ional proviso that if a service man did not receive a state ballot which he had requested, he could so state in an affidavit and then could use the federal ballot. Danaher said he planned to revise his amendment to add this provision. Senator Taft, (It-Ohio), one of he leaders in the fight against .he administration's federal ballot proposal, said he did not believe adoption of the Danaher amendment would change many votes on substitute proposal which he antl some southern democrats are sponsoring. The senate's division on the latter proposal admittedly was so :lose that administration leaders Lalked of the possibility of attempting to get Senator Glass, (D- Va.), to come to the chamber from a sick bed to vote. Glass has said he is fqr the administration bill. Administration senators spurned as "meaningless" a proposal by republicans and southern democrats to substitute state for federal ballots states which mailing to the armed forces in time. "It would do no more for the soldiers than would the states rights bill now pending in the house." declared Senator Lucas (D-I11.), co-author of the Green- this November et them ready lor in Lucas bill to send uniform federal for-absentee, voting ibj June. Senator Byrd (D-Va.) an nounced the governors of 41 state said they either already hod o would make adequate provision ii time. The substitute, proffered b Senator Taft (R-Ohio), got a coo reception froin both sides of the soldier vote controversy in the house which may vote Thursday on a bill fo'leave the entire ab sentee voting job up to the states. Although the service vote issue appeared to be at the show-down stage in the senate, there was littl likelihood of a final vote befon Friday. At the suggestion of Majority Leader Barkley (D-Ky.) the son,ate agreed to limit each speake' to 20 minutes after 2 p. m. Thursday. REPORT DEBRIS LITTERS NAUR AND ROI ISLETS Troops Win 4-Runway Airstrip to Aim New Assaults on Other Isles By MOK5IS.LANDSBERG Associated Pre^s War Editor American fighting men, moving iwiftly against the surprised Japa- icse defenders, closed in on bomb- -avaged Kwajalein atoll Thursday n a successful flanking assault on he heart of the mandated Mar:hall islands. Marines who captured Kol islet mopped up on enemy remnants on adjacent Namur as the mid- Pacific invasion campaign swept nto the 4th day. Soldiers of the 1th army division seized at least i third of Kwajalein islet on the iotilheru, and opposite, end of the Jiff coral atoll. Eyewitness accounts pictured Soi and Namur as littered with the. .wisted, smoking debris of in- lensely-bombarded installations, ind with the bodies-"of hundreds of Japanese soldiers. But Roi gave ihe Americans a 4-rumvay airstrip to aim new assaults on other enemy bases where the Nipponese apparently had expected the Marshalls invasion blow to fall. - , . . ' . . Landings on Namur and Kwaj- alein islets brought to at least 12 the number of beachheads established about Kwajalein atoll. Ten of these were set up on the opening day of the invasion. ' Land-based army and navy bombers showed no letup" in.. thi systematic neutralization ;-qt the ' eastern Marshalls cha_m "ak grpuad -' forces fought foe 'control-.!qi ; "·- excellent, anchorage' and,.'-·'-' ^ Naiis Report Tokyo Anticipates, Prepares for Attacks From Air London, (JP)--A DNB broadcas from Germany Thursday quotec the mayor of Tokyo as declaring that officials ot the city "anticipate and are prepared for nir at tacks." · "We are using not only the ex perience gained through the bomb ing of Berlin and other Germni cities but above all our own prac- lical lessons learned from (hi great earthquake o[ 1923," he wn quoted as saying. "Along with obvious air rain protection measures there also i a systematic dispersal of thepopu lation of this city of 8,000,000 mention in Wednesday's Pemrl 1 Harbor communique of any Japanese sea or ail- opposition. As yel, no lasses among the hundreds of ships in the U. S. invasion fleet have been reported, and Admiral Nimitr let it be knoivn that troop casualties were ' "It is now apparent that the attack took the enemy completely by surprise," the central Pacific commander said. The weak resistance at K,wajalein, aside- from attesting to the effectiveness o£ the pre-invasion bombardment, indicated the Japanese were not prepared to make a stand on the western line of the Marshalls. Associated Press War Correspondent Alva Dopking, who landed at Namur with the marines, said the Japanese "must have deluded themselves into believing that we didn't have the power or the heart to knife at the center of their Marshall^ stronghold." ' Roi was. invaded Monday, and its airstrip fell 4 hours later. New landings were made the following day on Namur and Kwajalein islets. The fall of Kwajalein, and with it some 30 dependent islets, appeared imminent. f Allied forces made new proK- rcss in (he southwest Pacific offensive against Madanff, Japanese-held key lo northern New Guinea. Australians in the Ramu valley \vcrc reported less than 35 miles soulh of the bin base. On the coast, Japanese troops fled into the mountains in an attempt to escape an allied pincers. Many L LEAD INVASION OF MARSHALLS--Here are the men who are leading the invasion of the Marshall islands, first time invasion has been attempted of any territory- the Japanese held before Pearl Harbor. Left to right, they are Vice Admiral R. A. Spruance, commander of all American forces engaged in the giant assault on the Marshalls; Maj. Gen. Harry Schmidt of the marines, who commanded troops which seized the first beachhead in the Roi island area, and Rear Admiral R. K. Turner, commander of all amphibious operations.,-

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