The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 8, 1939 · Page 17
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 17

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 8, 1939
Page 17
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Page 17 article text (OCR)

GLOBE-GAZETTE FARM AND. ' INDUSTRIAL. ' NEWS NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS ,, , '_ » MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1939 LANDING COMMITTEE ISSUES SURVEY * Group Will IVSeek County .Farm Opinion Backed by the desire to get a cross section opinion from farmers, the Cerro Gordo County Planning committee is swinging into action with a survey that is expected to reveal vital and important' answers to basic ques- ~ l '. tions that will be a part of the . 11939 recommendations. '"."'J J The questionnaire will be pre- ·:· (sented by each committee mem- ·';$ \ber to six.persons picked at ran- ·"·i'{ dom in his community and the v.'jij results will be tabulated in the .^(tnext meeting of the committee ··/ j j March 20 at the Mason City Y. Strategists Look Into Cerro Gordo's Future f « -V-- f '3,1 i M. C. A. The farmers' answers will be used as basis for the group's discussion. Has Three Sections 'i?? i Results from the survey will ' j be varied and important. The f(* questionnaire is divided into three sections: 1. Identification of the farmer; 2. General agricultural questions; 3. Action program questions. The identification section consists of acreage of farm, chief source of income, participation in the AAA program for four years, farm "security relationship, Ntenant or owner and co-opera- \f ive agreements with soil conser- ation service. List Tariff Question In the general agricultural di- 'ision, the following, questions ire presented: 1. Would the best ong time method of increasing 'aimers' incomes be a large re- : $f hiction in the number of farmers? 2. Should more farm chil- /dren be trained for non-farm oc- ;Jrfcupalions? Is the - maintenance ' * t.of soil productivity an important 4. Are you i utilize your farmers re-i,',. 1 ceive an annual payment to off- ·t' ; set tariff protection to industry? sCJ Other questions in this group "!·";» include: G. Are the soils in your ":':,?..; community becoming less fer- ·]{.*, tile? 7. Do farmers have a poorer i f / l i v i n g than most other people? 'ft ', 8. Do most farmers need finan- ^'.' cial help from the government Representatives of the various farm organizations and townships in Cerro Gordo county are shown here in the county agricultural planning committee meeting discussing points to be included in a rural questionnaire. Results of the survey will be presented at the next committee meeting: and the 1939 farm program will be centered around the trend of the answers. Attending members and their organizations or townships read clockwise around the table from left lo right: George Wharam, president of (he Farmers' Union; Hugh Smiiii, Bath township; Chairman Elgar Z. Haight, Mason township; R. A. Holman, representing the Co-operative Elevator group; Marion Olson, county agricultural extension agent; State Senator Earl Dean; Herb Folken, Iowa State college extension specialist; Arthur Pickford, Globe-Gazette farm editor; Mrs. Cecil Avise, county home project asent; -J. D. Richardson, Mt. Vernon township; Hugh Strain, Union township; Roy Harman, AAA representative; Martin Henrichsen, Falls township, and F. L. Thompson, Owen township. (Lock photo.) County Farm Problems Are Studied .·'*\ to conserve their soil? I I . 9. Are protective t a r i f f s desirable? ,' 10. Will the reciprocal trade / treaties help agriculture? 11. Do ' we need state farm tenancy legislation? AAA Included f Action program questions are: ; 1. Do you think the AAA program if continued can maintain ^satisfactory farm prices? 2. Do j you believe in the principle of \ holding down supplies of agri- '. cultural products to obtain better (prices? 3. Do you think benefit payments should be in proportion to the amount of corn reduction j required for AAA compliance? 4. Has the AAA program been an important factor in increasing soil conservation in your com- I munity?" 5. Should an increased \ proportion of the total AAA payments be made for soil conserving purposes? : Other questions in this section Include: 6. Has the farm security · administration helped those people in your county most deserving such help? 7. Is there con's flict between the soil conserva- j tion service program and the 'j AAA program? Do you think the AAA program has stimulated feed and livestock production outside the corn belt? 9. If bcne- payments were continued as recent years, would you be favor of the AAA program ven though it had no effect on the supply and prices of farm products? 10. Does the AAA constitute an undue governmental interference with Iowa farmers? Asks for Advice In addition to the three divisions, the survey also asks: What problems should the county agricultural planning "committee be working on?" No name is required with the questionnaire. . The questions were selected at an all day session of the committee at Mason City in February. The meeting was headed by Herb Folken, I. S. C. extension service specialist in land planning, and among those attending were Marion Olson, county agent; Earl Dean, state senator; Arthur Pickford. Globe-Gazette farm editor, and Mrs. Cecil H. Avise, home project chairman. Watch Chicken House Winter Ventilation Too much winter ventilation in the chicken house means un- heaithful, wet floors as well as chilly temperatures. And that condition means lower egg production and more trouble with disease, says W. R. Whitfield. Iowa State college extension poultry man. Cold air, he explains, will "take up" and hold less moisture than warm air. Consequently, floors in cold houses are -wetter than floors in warmer, properly ventilated houses. Some ventilation is, of course, always necessary to allow fresh air to circulate. And more ventilation is desirable · in fair, warm weather than in cloudy, cold weather. In winter, the temperature in the poultry house should always be above freezing. Aids Farmers Three Years in Planning With the primary purpose to help the farmers plan their farms for the highest continuous income and permanence of assets, the Cerro Gordo County Planning committee has studied and presented recommendations during the past three years that have furthered the county's rural production. Organized in 1936, the committee consisting of representatives from each township and various interested farm organizations has studied soil conservation, crop production, livestock, agricultural economics, co-operative finance, poultry marketing, general marketing, home economics, boys and girls 4-H club work, rural electrification and various community activities such as the rural young people's organization and other discussion groups. Is Helping Iland In each of the named subjects the planning committee has become a guiding and helping hand through its recommendations and intelligent study which is materialized at meetings held throughout the year. Present members of the committee include Chairman Elgar Z. Haight, Mason township; Fred Linahon, Grant township; Dave Strieker, Lincoln township; J. E VanNote. Lime Creek township Martin Henrichsen, Falls township; R. H. Holt, Clear Lake township; A. IL Steil, Lake township; Ellsworth Treloar Portland township; Hugh Strain Union township, and J. D. Rich ardson, Mt. Vernon township. Other members are Hugh Smith, Bath township; F. L. Thompson, Owen township; Dale Smith, Grimes township; John Caspar, Pleasant Valley township; W. R. Schofield, Geneseo township; James Rooney, Dougherty township; G. L. Gunnerson, farm security supervisor, and Roy Harman, AAA representative. Also R. M. Hall, county Farm Bureau president; George Wharam, Farmers Union president; Mrs. Cecil H. Avise, home project 'chairman; L. E. Jacobson, secretary of the Clear Lake Cooperative association; Harvey Wood, Clear Lake Co-operative Livestock Shipping association; Jens Jensen, manager of the Farmers Co-operative Oil company; Joe Gallagher, federal land bank representative; R. A. iolman, Farmers Elevator cooperative; Earl Dean, state sen- -itor, and Marion Olson, county agent. Study Crop Adjustment During the first two years the c o u n t y planning committee studied the question, "What crop adjustments are needed to prevent serious erosion and maintain fertility?" This topic was studied in connection with county committees throughout Iowa. year of existence, the Cerro Gordo county committee as well as other county committees started branching off into oilier problems of public policy- The farm tenancy problem and the proposed soil conservation districts law were prominent in the discussions. Iowa State college assisted in conducting the county hearings on farm tenancy and about 70 committees submitted recommendations which were summarized at Ames. The reports were turned over to the state farm tenancy committee for consideration when drafting its report to the governor. Outstanding in the 1938 Cerro Gordo county program compiled by the planning committee were the soil conservation recommendations. List Six Points Six main points were outlined in the program. They were: 1. Decrease the number of acres in intertilled and small grain crops and increase the number of acres of hay and pasture; 2. Plow under second crop of clover on at least 10 per cent of the acreage; 3. At least 25 per cent of the legume and grass land to be The committees made recommendations in terms of rotations, acreages and practices which they considered to be best adapted to various types of land. The Iowa agricultural experiment station had made a similar effort a year earlier and results showed a wide difference. Accordingly the experiment station adjusted its figures and now final recommendations of the county planning committees stand as the joint recommendations of both research men and farmers. Committees Branch Oat Toward the end of the second plowed should not be done until spring. The final three points were: 4. When sweet clover is seeded with oats to be plowed under for corn the following year 75 per cent should be left to spring. 5. When an intertilled crop follows an intertilled crop special winter cover crops should be sown in at least 15 per cent of the cases; 6. Of all farms in the county, 90 per cent need limestone, 10 per cent some commercial fertili-ers, 12 per cent grassf?. vaterways. none contour Homing, strip cropping or terracing.

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