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MARCH '11 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE ifflaann -(ttttp I A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the SIASON CITY GLOBE- GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. MUSE ....Editor W. EARL HALÂ». ; Managing Editor LEE P. LOOJdlS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the" use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise creQited in this paper, and also al! local, news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Daily, per j-car $7.00 Daily, per week. .15 Outaldu of Mason City and Clear ljÂ»he Daily, per year by carrier. 57.00 Daily, per week by ^carrier Â· -15 Daily, per year by mail 4.00 6 months, S2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month .50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year.:. .. . 6.00 6 months ?3.25 3 months 1-75 Entered at the Postoffice at Masoii City, Iowa, aa Second Class Matter The ballot is stronger than the bullet. --LINCOLN FIXING OUR PARK OBJECTIVE I F IOWA'S system of state park development is 'deemed worth while, the measure now before the state legislature which would authorize a comprehensive survey of the state's land resources and the mapping out of a twenty-five year program for the acquisition, conservation, maintenance and construction of a park system ought to have a hearty support. The .bill, drawn by the senate conservation' committee, makes reference to the "thotless encroachments of commercial and private ownership which have polluted too many of our streams, unwisely drained our lakes, destroyed many of our beauty spots and cut off the approach to the natural playgrounds of our people." It refers further to the need for the coordination of "our scattered Â».fforts toward conservation and reclamation under an expertly devised and statewide continuing program, immune to the favoritism of changing political forces." Under the terms of the measure which has the backing of the American Legion of Iowa and various other forward-looking organizations, the state board "of conservation would -be instructed to enter Into a contract within six months with a competent and highly reputable, nationally known firm or individual park expert and regional planning engineer to provide, within two years, a "comprehensive, budgeted, .statewide park, fish and game program with necessary plans and specifications and estimated cost for construction based on economic and engineering principles." It would be less than folly for the state to proceed on a prograrn of land use without taking pains to .'learn definitely what land resources lie within Iowa's borders, what are the characteristics of those resources and which of their possible uses will most largely benefit its people. Much has been "written of Plate about ^"marginal lands" .and their' aggrayatlcg ' 'Sp~cÂ£cr Jnt tHV'"p reieiit-^'-rhi";'^* 1 * -rpi'b bloiEt,T : A7abrJcaas Â·:;have succumbed in the process of building iip the . .'country as a whole to a wrongful use of land; we have ; diverted to agriculture areas which are far too low in productivity to be farmed at a. profit. This practice has added tremendously to the burden of over-production. This comment by Howard Evison, secretary of the National Association of Paries, can be properly applied to the Iowa situation at present: "The development of state park and forest systems has largely been haphazard. As a result of lack of adequate inventories of resources and lack of soundly conceived plans, the development haa lacked balance, has been marked by the taking of many acres of unsuitable lands into those systems, by failure to acquire, highly desirable areas until their acquisition has been, impossible and become more or less of a political football, as was natural. Once a sound and well balanced plan nas been mapped out--one which is designed to care adequately for a state's needs--that plan becomes a buttress against purely political selection." This proposed bill is one which will tell lowans what they possess in the way of land resources. It will inject into the state park development a sound basis of knowledge and system. Other states--California, Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, among them--have employed a like system to their great profit. /Â·pHIS department has not always looked with favor upon our neighbor, the comic page, and if memory serves correctly has at times vocally assumed a holier- than-thou attitude toward it. But we're rather humble as these words are written. Along with other members of the staff we've been reading what some one hundred and fifty of our readers, entrants in the recent "Big Sister" poetry contest, have to say about Beth. We are not unmindful that words of praise for a paper and its features come easily from the pens of those who hope to win a contest conducted by the publication, but some of the tributes Beth received carry a ring of sincerity that makes us doubt they were born of expediency. i For instance there was Mrs. C. D., who lives on Second street northeast. This entry was accompanied "by a pen portrait of Beth that Forgrave himself might have envied. Her poem was not among the prize winners but we certainly like and appreciate her sentiment. It begins: A comic strip you call it? A comic it may be; A little sad I know it Will always be to me. Buddy, Beth and Connie So alive to me and you! They're really not so funny, They're honest, straight and true. Then there's Mrs. A. C. of Lime Springs, la., who writes in a long poem that was among the thirty chosen as meriting careful consideration: Dear little Beth to me she's so real That always her sighs or joys I can feel. When obstacles halt me I think of her pluck And thots of her courage pull me out of the muck. And again there's Mrs. W. A. C. of Mason City who concludes her entry with: Many thanks to you, Les Forgrave For Big Sister comic strip; I am sure this world is kinder For -the lessons it depicts. Perhaps the moaernlsts would assert -these tributes are a trifle saccharine but there are many of them all expressing a real appreciation of the sunny little girl about whom the events in Forgrave's strip revolve The staff in the process of judging read every one of :hem and at least one membet comes away from the experience In a humble frame of mind. If this department which rather prides itself on seing-cultural and upstage and a part of the higher things and such could feel that it had touched any life as sincerely and substantially as Big Sister has apparently touched many of them we'd be rather grateful. At first we thot we'd get the business office to run a poem contest about us. And then we decided we wouldn't. We might find out some things we'd rather never know. He who hesitates is the .fundamental reason that rear bumpers were invented. OTHER EDITORS THE OLD HOME TOWN .By Stanley THE FUTURE OF INFANTRY Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser: Discounting forecasts of the disappearance of tho foot-soldier as the backbone of the national fighting force, Frederick H. Payne, assistant secretary of war, says: "As heretofore, the infantry will constitute the mam mass of our armed forces in any major emergency in the future. I can conceive of no future developments that will nullify the rifle's supreme power in the hands of good riflemen." Mr. Payne's further remarks indicate, however, that the infantry of the future will be divorced from much of its traditional functions of the past. He continues: ' "It may be that the infantry) of the future will not march 60 miles into battle. It will probably be brot up from rail heads in motor trucks and then transferred to tanks for the final lap into action. Infantry groups may even be carried forward at 150 miles an hour by plane and dropped at the scene of action. How the infantrymen will get there, what artillery support he will get on the way, may all be changed, but when he gets there his mission will be the same he will still be the arbiter of battle, and the weapon that will make the basis of his power, without sacrifice of mobility, will be the rifle." There will be a vast difference from the oldtime art of war when bodies of riflemen, instead of trudging over the country under their o\yn foot-power 'Will be .whisked from potnt to point by train, motor and plane, and when the warriors who fare forth into battle go enclosed in tanks, instead.of moving in serried ranks over the field, or in scattered formation, "deployed as skirmishers." Under the new scheme of things mobility will be of more value than numbers, and means of transportation will be of greater importance' than man-power This tendency seems to be recognized In Europe where military experts in .both France and Germany, those classic countries of the levy in mass, are beginning to suggest that the warfare of the future will rely more on selected Bodies of highly trained, and readily mob ihzed soldiers, rather than on the entire young man hood of the nation under arras. LET'S 'MUSE OURSELVES Marshalltowri Times-Republican: "By the way" seriously suggests the Webster City Freeman-Journal, while there is an investigation of the state university why not make investigations of all the state institutions? The people would like to have the light turned on. Even if everything is o. k., the fact that the public is very much interested is honesty and economy will have a good effect." Which irresistibly reminds of the old colored man who went seeking his son at the police station "Has yi Â£ "LS? U -ed kÂ°y in jail?" inquired the anxious par. e nt:^Â«S^re;aj,^ypung, : nl 0 rger ; rin :: for, breaking Â·Â· inij a camp : -meeting- with-an ax: handle,", replied 1 the:d'eik sergeant. fTJha's him, tha's him," promptly decided the father, "he said he's gwine out to 'muse hisself." Evidently the Freeman-Journal is short of amusement ennuied and time hangs heavy at Webster City. Hence the desire to "muse itself." Seriously it is not only a ridiculous proposal but as unjust and derogatory of the average public servant as it is ridiculous. To assist or insinuate that every official activity in Iowa may be stealing the state's head off, to assume that an hour 'after a man of high business and social repute has been elected to a.city council, or to a state office that he becomes a potential knave or that inauguration into.the presidency of the United States automatically makes the Incumbent a suspicious character or even a "public enemy" is similar to that scandal mongering that destroys confidence of neighborhoods and like in effect to those unfounded whisperings against the integrity of hanks and financial institutions of trust which we have found sufficiently dangerous and incendiary of public welfare to impose severe legal penalties. The Freeman-Journal's suggestion Is the more remarkable as coming while the circus performance of the committee investigating the university is going on under its eyes and a great educational institution is suffering hurt that will require many years of recovery. C'morj, all together now, let's raise hell with" everything in sight. Let's 'muse ourselves. SUBSIDIZED COMPETITION Ksthervillc News: There are two reasons why buses and trucks should contribute more than they do to.the road funds. In the first place there is no doubt but what it is this heavy traffic which in little time completely breaks down the average graveled road and in a reasonably short length of time will destroy, pavement, if it is not given proper attention. It is folly, therefore, that expensive roads should be maintained at public expense to the interest of private -Business, and the buses and trucks should pay their full share for building and maintaining the roads. Secondly, we cannot expect that the railroads maintain their own right-of-ways and pay taxes on their property and then be expected to compete with concerns which do not pay their own way. That is permitting unfair competition and amounts to nothing more nor less than subsidization. One day the roads will wear out, our money will be spent, and new roads will have to be built. Iowa should not be nearsighted nor should the state fail to take into consideration what the bus and truck companies owe the public for the use of its roads. Let them pay their share and 1 give the taxpayers and the railroads both an even break. MANX, THE" MINUTE SARAH SETS HER ON THAT L.OOKS L.1KE A PIPE-SHE JUST To BOIL INSIDE-- THEN LOOK OUT | MANx IF SMOKE COMERS OUT OF THAT NEW WHEN THAT WOMAN ILL. SMASH REACHES THE SMASHING SHES JUST PLUMB OUT OF CONTROL ', AND IF NOISE COMES OUT op IT I'LL. SMASH YOU- l -AIN'T TAKIN'NO CHANCES OF BEINSI FOOLED} AUNT SARAH PEABODY PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF" PIPE CAME UPTODAY JUST AS TOOT TLJ~n[L.e UNPACKED W5 NEW MA1L.-OEDEO SAXOPHONE. DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clcnilcnlnp cannot diagnitc or give persona] answers lo icItem from renders. When questions arc uf general interesti however, they will be taken up, in order, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendening, care or Tiio Globe-CSazetle Write legibly and not more tlian 200 words. Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the-Churches of Clirist in America TOOTH HEALTH GAINED BY' CORRECT DIET r TOUCHED on this subject a -week or two ago, but I there has just come to notice a report that is too interesting lo allow to pass by. At the risk of repetition, then, I shall describe tha work of the Mellan- bys, husband and wife, in England. Perhaps the best way to Introduce the subject is by quoting Professor Mellanby's own words: "It is now possible in animals to produce any degree of perfection or imperfection of teeth, by different diets given during ^fie period of dental development." Isn't that an astounding fact? You can take one litter of animals and no matter how healthy they are otherwise you can make them have bad teeth by giving them a certain diet. While another litter nearby, in the same climate and environment conditions, is made to have sound * teeth simply from another diet. "Substances tending to produce r-vr-nT? ' ^ ,. ^^ calcified, bright, shiny and evenly arranged teeth include milk, egg yolk, cod liver oil, or indeed any substances rich in vitamin D while cereals m the absence of sufficient vitamin D produce defectively calcified, dull and discolored, unevenly arranged teeth." y . Teeth, of. 4 course, require calcium which they get m milk Hence the value of milk in the diet. Apparently they also require vitamin D and other vitamins found in egg yolk. Dental decay is very common in England, and studies such as the Mellanbys performed are for that reason, particularly valuable. They found, for instance that m 1500 English school children 95 per cent had defective structure of the back molars, and that 85 per cent of these had decay. But the encouraging fact is that on diet alone much of this could be remedied Not only prevented, mind you, but remedied after it had occurred. For instance, using animal experiments an attempt was made to find out the damage done by attrition and injury of the teeth. When artificial attrition was performed on a dog's teeth by rubbing them with a file, it was found that the teeth react by producing in the dentine adjacent to the dental pulp some new secondary dentine. It was found that the production of this secondary dentine was contrallable by the same dietetic means aa controlled the primary dental structure. So we may conclude that not only will proper diet prevent dental decay, but will actually help to stop it after it has begun. QUESTIONS FROM READERS F. H. S., Kansas: "A child had an attack of infantile paralysis six weeks ago. She has recovered except that she drags her foot as she walks. Should she stay off her feet as much as possible or exercise and massage the foot?" Answer: Exercise is recommended for infantile paralysis cases after the acute stage of invasion is passed. It helps to restore the full amount of motion of which the paralyzed muscles are to become capable. Walking on a badly crippled foot may possibly cause deformities. The whole question is an individual one which should be left to the doctor in charge PEOPLE AND PROPERTY (Read JLuke 13:10-17 and 14:1-6. Text, Luke 13:16). Ought not this woman . . . to have been loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? We have the answer of the ruier of the synagog. We can guess the answer of the woman who was healed. He was not suffering; she was. It made a great difference. But the oxen were not left to suffer; they were watered on the sabbath, and if one of them fell into a pit he was not left till the sabbath was post. This was not out of compassion, perhaps. The suffering of animals made slight appeal in those days. Even Paul could ask, "Does God care for oxen?" But oxen were property. If they were not cared for, property would depreciate, or perhaps be lost. The woman had no market value. The case was one of property rights against human rights. How often the rights of property are upheld at the cost of human suffering! Jesus is ever the champion of the human rights. Christianity means a ministry of mercy--to beasts, no doubt, but first to people. Prayer: O God, in Whose mercy we confide, enlighten our eyes, that we may discern the face of the Master whom we serve even in the least of His brethren and oura. In His name. Amen. YOU'RE THE JUDGE 1I7HILE the adults of the Jergen family had gone to Â» Â· a movie, two men forced entry into their houae One of them began ransacking the place while the other stood guard at the door. Suddenly'the one oi guard saw the family returning. The returning family also noticed a light in the house, whereas they knew that they had left none burning. Mr. Jergen dashec toward the door and the man on guard shot a bulle toward him to stop him. The bullet failed to do this so the man took more deliberate aim and Mr. Jergei fell dead. . _, Both men were apprehended, and the man who die the shooting was convicted. The other pleaded no guilty, saying that he did not do the shooting. How would you decide this case? Make up your mind before you read the decision The decision: The court found the other guilty. The Judges reasoned Ihus: If tlie common purpose of the two men wna lo commit an un a w f u l act, any act done hy either of them while enRAfjert In t h e unlawful act would attach Us criminality to the other acta an make each Uah]e J o i n t l y for whatever cither might liavo done. EARLIER DAYS Being a Dally t'oni|ILation of Interesting Items from (ho "Twenty Yean ARO" Mica al the Globo-ClnzeUe. iiom This bureau doe* not p,lve advice, but U Rives free information on any aubject. Often, to bo nccurutrly Lnformrd Is to be beyond the need o Advice, and Information Is always valuable, whereas anvlce may not be. In uilng this service bo nure to vrlle clearly, atattt your Inquiry briefly anil Inclose 2 cent Â»lamn for reply postage. Addrem Iho Glnbe-Gaictte Information Bureau, Frederic 4. Hoakln, Director. WasMnclon, I). V. Q. On what dates in 1932 will the Olympic games ho held? T. j. A. They are scheduled to take )lace in Los Angeles from Satur!ay, July 30 to Sunday, Aug. 14, 15 days and nights. Q. How docs the accidental- fa- ality rate per thousand in the 'J. S. compare with othor countries? D.. II. A. It is highest in this country ianada comes next, then Australia and Switzerland, then Now Zea- and, Scotland, England and Wales, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Norway and Prance. J. How many logs were In Lincoln's birthplace? A. R. A. The cabin was constructed of 143 logs. Q. How often have real business depressions occurred during the last 30 or 40 years? S. S. A. Business Conditions Weekly, oi Hie Alexander Hamilton Institute says: "During the past 40 years about a dozen noteworthy business recessions have occurred. The shortest recession began in 1907 and asted for only eight months. The ongest reciasion began in 1912 and 'asted for 25 months. Q. For whom was Hunter college named? E. II. H. A. Thomas Hunter who was the first president of/ the institution which opened in 1870. Q. What Is the derivation of tho word, doll? O. D. A. The word is derived from the old Saxon dol, whose relation to the Greek eidolon, likeness or image, is apparent. J. Old Al Jolson play in "Sonny .Boy?" C. O. W. vA.. Al Jolson did not play In tho motion picture, "Sonny Boy." This . picture starred Davey Lee. Q. What arc tho school laws in Iowa concerning the age? How old must u girl be before she can quit going to school and -what grade should she be thru at that time? Mrs. M. M. R. A. According to a survey made by the office of education a person in Iowa must attend school between the ages of 7 and 16. He may have part time continuation. He may attend part time school between the ages of 14 and 16. The minimum term of required attendance Is X months. A person may receive some exemption under certain conditions. Q. How long was the cloth-yard shaft, as used in the days of Robin Hood? C. T. A. The Archers company of Pinc- hurat, N. Car., says that toxophl- lites for many years have accepted 28 inches as being the length of the cloth-yard shaft. BO-BROADWAY - . MARCH 11, 1911 ' Del Preston of the M. B. A. offices here, left this afternoon for Grirmell, \vhere hs will be the over Sunday guests of his parents, Dr. and Mrs. Preston. Miss Pearl Brandon, instructor at the Grant school and Miss Mabel Green, teacher In the Lincoln grammar school, left yesterday for an over Sunday visitor with friends and relatives in Hampton. Mr. and Mrs. Will Hathorn arrived home this afternoon from a few days trip in Des Moines, where they attended the auto show. The colored political club will meet Wednesday evening, March 15 at 8 p. m. at the American house East bJighth street. All candidates for office are invited to attend. Miss Eva Sherwood of Rockwell, has accepted position, as. saleslady at the T. R. Glanville store, com mencing duties this morning. Miss Sherwood wa formerly a student at the university here. A fire in the flue of the chimney caused the total loss of the home of C. F. Kaiser, northeast of the city yesterday. The fire caught In the chimney and on account of the strong wind the sparks were blown to other parts of the house and before anything could be done, the house was enveloped in a mass of flames. Mr. and Mrs. Cathcart recently moved into the house and only Friday of last week he had it insured. The house was completely demolished and its furnishings as well. A lawn tennis game, the appearance of the first robin and of a flock of bluebirds which were seen within the past day or two are the first harbingers of spring. Mr. and Mrs. McCormick arrived in this city from their former home in Winnipeg, Can., the first of the week and are. moving today into the Tom Stanbcry house off of Michigan street. Mr. McCormick is an engineer at the cement plant. Leslie Lambertston, decorator for the Damon- Igou company, left Saturday for a few days in Chicago. Major O'Connell or the Eleventh infantry will be In the city this week for the annual inspection of A company and the Fifty-Sixth regimental band. The inspection will be held on Wednesday and Thursday evenings. ' Mrs. G. M. Woodruff is in Boone, where she is the guest'of relatives. I. Clauson has tackled the job of putting in the sewer, water and gas across Main street between Fourth and the bridge. The sewer is to be placed al a depth of nine feet, the water at six and the gas at four. The digging is very hard. The Parent and Teachers association of the Lincoln and grammar school met Thursday afternoon, March 1G at 2 o'clock. The following program was given: Vocal solo, Mrs. Ray Prusia; music, kindergarden department; talk Mrs. B. F. Weston and talk Supt H Gilmore. Miss Blanche Gleason was hostess last evening to the Club of Hearts at her home on North Main street. The young women were entertained at cards and after playing a couple of hours the hostess served dainty refreshments. The guest of the club last evening was Mrs. Grace Seevers Heath of Mobridge, S. Dak., formerly a member of the club. Miss Gleason proved herself a most charming hostess. By JOSEflt VAN KAAI.TE N EW YftRK, March 11.--Day by day it becomes more difficult to live in New York. It's a town for the young.--the energetic. It's tough sleddin' for the oldsters. And one by one they're deserting. Henri Mouquin, venerable Frenchman,* once owner of noted restaurants in the metropolis, is the latest of those who have "quit." "I have all I want on my estate, in Virginia," says M. Mouquin. "I have no doctor, no lawyer, no preacher. No one to make me sick or annoy me. The City of New York, with 'prohibition' and buildings too tall for me to see the top, no longer appeals to me." The old gentleman's contempt for modern restaurants is superb. "No one wanted to make money on food 'in. the old days," he says. "The wine brought the profit and those who didn't drink wine were served more bone than meat." The law said a hero ought to tsrve before he'd sell hia war medals. 'So I don't buy 'em no more," Joe says. "Only foreign ones. A French Crolx de Guerre has the lighest commercial value. You jimme a good Croix de Guerre an' I'll slip you two bucks for it any day m th' week!" Â« ~VUT, DAMNED SPOT!"--Tam"' many Town's "Conscience Fund" daily grows to bulging proportions. Contributors, uneasy In mind from past transgressions, daily pour dough into the fund, col- .ccted and disbursed by tho department of Finance. -117HAT PRICE GLORY?--Way W down on -the . end- of Third avenue there's a curiosity shop operated by a gentleman whose previous name is Joseph and whose subsequent monicker is not of The slightest interest. Joe used to buy war medals from heroes--and paid good prices for 'em. "I got a tender heart, even if I liave been a lot o' years in business," he says. "Every hero that ever comes to me with a medal an a hard-luck story always got a square deal." Joe was satisfied and the heroes were happy, till somebody butted u. Said It was a shame to place a commercial value on war medals. The cops intervened. A few co(onels and majors put in appearance and dug up a law, passed around the Mexican war period--or maybe it was the War of 1812--Joe isn't sure which--that made it particeps criminis and other unpleasant things to buy war medals of heroes. JUST FOLKS Cnpyrichlrd I;IX;AR A. UUKSI UNPURCHASABLE A rich man called his son aside And said: "The money I'll provide. To an unlimited amount I'll guarantee your bank account. Go out and walk tho market's length And buy yourself a stock of strength, As men buy rifles, so that you Can bear as much as others do. "Then while you're shopping keep in mind You'll need the very finest kind, OÂ£ courage, so make sure to buy The best the market can supply. If strength and pluck are shown for sale Buy every barrel, jug and pail Which you may chance to see displayed And gladly will the bill be paid. "Go out and pay whatc'er you v/ill To any master for his skill And bribe a scholar to dispose Of every helpful fact he knows, Flourish your gold where all may see And cry: "I'll buy integrity! My character is worn and frayed, I seek a new one, ready made.' " The youngster left and round about The startled merchants heard him shout: "Good gold for courage offered here! For brains I'll pay a million clear! Who'll sell me strength tha.t I may hold My own against the brave and bold?" But those who heard him thot him daft Or pitied him or merely laughed. The contributions are interesting. A public school teacher sends ?15 which she says was paid to her out of the school's Absent Fund. She. wants the city to have the money. There was an error on the part of her physician, she finds, regarding the number of times he attended her professionally. \, A preacher sends ?205. He mere- . ly writes "just because," and lets it go at that. A John Doe money order is received amounting to $17.30. The only explanation vouchsafed is that it "had something to do with snow removal." Â· Â· Â· P AGE BOB RIPLEY--Chick Hannan, vet rodeo champ, has appeared in several Broadway productions. Two years ago, in Ziegfeld's "Whoopee," he had the job of handling the white horses, which were ridden by almost naked chorus Godivas. Somebody asked Chick's wife, e BSY the champion lady steer rider, whether the temptations of her husband's job hadn't fretted her. "Fret?" said Peggy. "Not me. Chick was plumb disgusted!" Now you tell one. Who's Who and Timely Views CONDITIONS IN DROUGHT AREA STILL CRITICAL By DIl. CLYDE W. WAUBURTON Secretary, National Drought Relief Committee. Clyde William Warburton waB horn at Independence, Iowa, Dec. 7, 1570. He Is a graduate o( Iowa Stale Collide ot Agriculture anil Mechanical Arts, where lie received n dcijree of doctor of science in 1025. Since 1003 he hnvj been wltli the U. S. department of agriculture.. He liaa been director or extension work alnce'1023. He Wtts recently made secretary o( the national drought relief committee. lie Is a member ot many scientific organizations and l\an written a book on a K r l c u l t u r c . T HE FARMER in the drought area Â· is how shaping up his plans for ! Lhe coming crop season. He is planning for. early spring forage crops to make up Â· the shortage in feed Â·for the livestock. He is planning early spring gardens from which to supply the farm table. He is making every effort to put In early cosh crops that will bring a quick return. To aid the farmer in this effort, the seed loan funds recently appropri- C.W. Wurliurton a ted by congress are being made rapidly available. To distribute the $45,000,000 appropriated ^for these loans to the many thousands of farmers in the drought area entitled to this aid before the spring planting is over and to make this distribution fairly and justly is a tremendous job. These funds are being appropriated, particularly, for farmers whose crops were destroyed or .seriously damaged by drought or storms last year and whose local credit facilities are exhausted. Every effort is being exerted to make the funds go as far as possible in enabling such farmers to rehabilitate their farm business. In making application for a loan, each farmer gives his plans for planting and farming his land. He indicates how many acres he intends to plant to feed crops and how many acres to cosh crops. He shows how much feed he must buy for work stock and how much fertilizer he expects to put on the land. Each farmer promises, also, to plant a garden and to grow enough feed for all of the stock he owns. As security for the loan, he gives a first mortage on the crops to bo planted. The general situation in the drought states continues to be critical. The very small supply of feed and hay has been hoarded and made to go as far as possible, but the spring of the year finds it very low. Recent reports from Tennessee estimate the feed on hand now ia about SO per cent of the normal supply. Late reports from Maryland and West Virginia also indicate a material shortage. The short supply of hay has been supplemented by an unusually large use of corn, stalks and straw, supplemented by various concentrates, which fortunately have been unsually cheap The mild winter, also, has helped in making lighter feeding possible. Farmers are making every effort- to find ways of relieving the situation. From every state come favorable reports of the work done by tho Red Cross among farm families. Other local organizations are working, also to help the farmer over this difficult season. The Farm Bureau, the Grange, other farm organizations, home demonstration clubs and Parent-Teacher associations are aiding in' a multitude of ways. It is without question a time for those more fortunate to help generously those who have suffered so severly from the great drought of 1930.