The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 30, 1936 ツキ Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, March 30, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 30 テつキテつァ 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NEWSPAFEB Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITV GLOBE-GAZETTE COMl'ANX 121-123 East State Street Telephone Ko. 3SOU MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to lie use tor publication ol all new, dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited to this paper, and all local news. MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, n-ltb Oa Molnes news and business offices at 405 Shops Bulldlns. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear by the week Mason City and Clear Lake, by the year *T.OO Ofll'SaiK MASON CITJf AMD CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier S7.00 By mall 0 months :. fa wTek by carrier .... 5 .15 By mai 3 month, .. Per year by mall 54.00 By mail 1 month ... LsKe, S .15 . J2.25 . S1.25 . i .50 Per year.... iO.OO OLIX6ITUE 100 MILE ZONE Six months.... $3.25 Three months. . W : LIBERALISM DEFINED テつキE HAVE now reached the point in our national de- テつキelopment where economic principles and insti- LOOK OUT V BELOW l tutions are definitely associated- with social and political institutions. It is becoming more evident all the while that we can forecast economic trends by political trends. We have come to the parting of the ways. Definitely. We must now choose true liberalism or coercive" authority. And just here let us protest against the misuse of the term "liberal" by the radicals. They are about to spoil a perfectly good word. There are two kinds of radicals. Both wrong. The radical progressive who wants only experimentation with his institutions, and thus never gives them opportunity to grow into serviceable agencies. And the radical retroactive who wants no experimentation with his institutions, thus leaving them to turn to stone while the people move on and leave him defending an empty shell. There is a place somewhere between these two extremes where truly liberal-minded people can work. The radical is never a liberal. The word liberal implies the ability to examine both sides of a question. The radical never sees but one side; never is in doubt; never has a dilemma. The independent thinker is the true liberal. In England 45 years ago, liberalism was in the saddle. Gladstone directed the policies of the nation and it looked as if the liberalism of Mill would become the national policy of the nation. Liberalism has been slower in France, and there is practically none east of Switzerland. There was some true liberalism in the United States before the war between the states. But with L almost exclusive agricultural technique it had a re- The motorist has 8 kick coming when the money he pays in for taxes is used for some purpose unrelated to road building or maintenance. If all crossings were elevated, motorists who specialize on crashing into trains would have to find some other immovable object to hit. Who is Mr. Arnold to be calling the Black investigating group a "polecat committee"--without even consulting the polecats? Since his Los Angeles appeal for communism. Rexford Guy Tugwell has been dubbed "Surge Forward" Tugwell. When did any dictator have as much as five billion dollars to spend as he pleased? We wouldn't list swing music very high among modern inventions. Simile: Hard to find as an American-made American flag. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott The PROS and CONS lapse after that war, and during the reconstruction period the government did many things by power of authority which should have been done by education, maturing public opinion, and wholesome sentiment. The liberalism of Hayes was repudiated by his party and sectionalism drowned out all liberal counsel. Then Cleveland came on. The war between the states was a dead issue and it looked like the liberalism of Jefferson would prevail. What was that liberalism? It was that men should look after themselves and settle their differences by a large measure of intelligent compromise. I But woe betide! From Gladstone to the present, ' true liberalism in Englarfd has declined and all that is left there is a season of government, first of con'.| sersattve authoritarians, .and then of radical authoritarians. i ''And what do these radical forces want? Freedom? I Oh,-no. Simply the power to compel. Neither has I ' テつォny faith in the individual. They have only unlimited テつキ' ' faith in themselves. Both radical wings seem to believe that man cannot manage his own affairs, but 5 can, through government, manage other peoples' affair's. They seem to believe that politics is a sort of alembic in which cupidity, ignorance, and stupidity are easily distilled into generosity, wisdom, aad vir- i tue. ', But note the implications here. We are to imagine that men left alone cannot manage their own affairs and look after themselves, but through government can look after others. テつキ Contemporary democrats have left all true Jeffersonian liberalism far behind. Our highly centralized government is a direct denial of its principles, no matter how we talk. Free trade is the only semblance of" it left, and we deny even that wherever there is something to protect, whether it be Louisiana sugar, Alabama steel" or California climate! Our entire legislative program now is not to" give more liberty, but to restrain the individual in as many ways as possible and when he is too'vociferous to so hamper him with taxes he can't do anything about it. The results are we have little except authority left. The most extreme forms of authoritarianism are socialism, communism and fascism. A few simpletons cali this sort of thing "liberalism" though it is "anything else but." If we have any regard for our liberty and true liberalism in this country, we will keep one eye peeled in the direction of Washington, and the other in that of our state legislatures, FRENZIED FINANCE ' University of Iowa Daily lowan: Going over the books in any business or governmental venture is often very revealing. The total government cost at the present time amounts to nearly one-third of the national income. Not only has it risen during the last few years at an extraordinary rate, but there is no indication it will stop in the very near future. Aside from projected tax programs, actual tax collections today for federal, state and local governments are about 20 per cent of one-fifth of the national income. The balance of expenditure is met by borrowing. The total debt of federal, state, and local units at the present time stands at ?50,000,000,000, an increase of 1,500 per cent since 1900. During that same period the population of the United States has increased 67 per cent and the per capita debt has mounted from $40 to 5394. Of this increase in the debt per individual in the United States, $120 has been in the last five years. From 1900 to 1915, the total government debt-re. mained at three per cent of the national debt The next 15 years, from 1915 to 1930, brought the public debt up to 10 per cent of the national wealth, and the last five years has seen it mount to approximately 17 per cent. While much of the increased governmental expenditures have come with the new deal, it is not solely to blame. During both republican and democratic administrations there has been a tendency on the part of government units to spread and with it came ever increasing payrolls. The total number of government employes at present is 3,400,000, of which one-third are civil and military service, the remainder in state and local employ. These figures do not include relief workers, government pensions, veterans' assistance, and the civilian conservation corps. The question now before the American people is not: How much more debt can we stand before something happens; but rather: What can we do to stop this multiplication of governmental expenses? The answer is an old fashioned seven letter word--ECONOMY. MMORI Al-- OVER.L.OO.lNu OBSERVING ^^ oF-rfe,Mosr . 1ST W, HUSE. BlACK. BEARP BRA.IDEP 1M -iXlLS ,-flBP Vjrf I1BBONS AND 5LUMq- BAC *テつ」* ttl$ EARS MAKE HIM APPEAR: MORE HIDEOUS / COPYRIGHT. 1936. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION 3'jO DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLEMPEMN'C. M. P. DAY TO DAY HISTORY H ISTORIANS a hundred years hence may be bewildered by the newspaper files representing the twentieth century. But bewildered or not, they will have an unusually graphic panorama of the present, their past. Lewis Browne in a recent lecture before the Woman's club here pointed out that the dark ages into which we are apparently descending will not be as murky as the dark ages from which we climbed because of the millions of books. The millions of newspapers will be just as valuable. In a recent article "History Out of Newsprint" by Edgar E. Robinson, printed in the Christian Science Monitor, the author indicates that the American newspaper, is a factor of increasing importance in evaluating the patterns in the public mind and writes that, "no emphasis is needed upon the value of the newspaper as an aid in the presentation of the facts in economic and political studies, but more attention may well be given the place of the newspaper as a source of social history." "Whatever be the limitations we put upon the use of the newspaper because of its inclusiveness, its lack of objectivity, and.its absorption in events open to the public, we emerge with this conclusion," Mr. Robinson declares. "Nowhere else in the record room of history may we find its substitute. Nowhere else may we find its equal in furnishing the subject matter from which the historian attempts to re-create the past. No memoir, no letter and no later attempt to summarize can equal the picture presented in the newspapers. 1 propose, then, a toast to the newspa- r, or --the revealing diary of a great people." "PAID" PROPAGANDA V. H. Lovejoy in Jefferson Bee: The Register has been indulging in a new editorial writer, one Jay Franklin, who writes a column entitled "We The People." A northern .-Iowa editor, Earl Hall,,of the ^tla- son City Globe-Gazette, asked the Washington correspondent of the Globe-Gazette to get some information upon Jay" Franklin. It was then divulged that Jay Franklin's real name was Carter, Jay Franklin Carter, and that he holds a job in the agricultural department under Rex Tugwell, and gets the "measly" stipend of ?5,200 a year, paid by the taxpayers of the United States. In his writings in the Register he has been very "Pro-Roosevelt" and the information about holding a job-with government pay is "not so bad." We republicans used to pull such stuff as that, but we never denied being a bunch of crooks! But for Roosevelt, Henry Wallace, Rex Tugwell and Jim Farley,--all washed in the blood of the 'political lamb --to be turning such tricks, is just too bad. If the administration wants a propagandist at $100 per week it is fair to assume that Jim Farley, Roosevelt's campaign manager, should not ask the people of the United States to finance it. There should be enough money to run the democratic campaign without putting them on the government salary list. ONE IS A POLL; ONE A GUESS Webster City Freeman-Journal: The Freeman- Journal cannot figure out why there is so much difference in the presidential polls taken by the Literary Digest and the Institute of Public Opinion. The Digest noil showed a tremendous majority against Roosevelt, while the other shows Roosevelt to be leading by a large margin. Both cannot possibly be right. BUT IT WON'T BE FUNNY Waukon Republican and Standard: And, it might pay you to look into the matter of paying your state income tax before April 1, or the joke may be on you. GOING SOMEWHERE PRETTY FAST Manly Signal: Well it may be true that we don't know where we are going but one thing is certain-we are going some place pretty fast. JUST REMEMBER THIS . Red Oak Express: The government gives to you in money only what it takes away from you. FOOD LACK KNOWN TO CAUSE ILLS J T IS ONLY within recent years that it has been recognized that disease can be due to the lack of something in the body. It had always been assumed that disease was due to the presence of some unnatural substance, such as a germ, or the growth of a tumor, or a poison, etc. About 40 years ago it was recognized that certain conditions were due to lack of enough secretion from the thyroid gland, and it was also shown that if what is known as "replacement therapy" was carried out--that is to say, if thyroid substance were introduced into the body artificially--the result would be cure. Following this, of course, it was shown that a great many -different conditions could be due to lack of secretion from the ductless'glands. At the same time there has developed a conception of disease due to deficiency of certain food fac- Qr. Clendening tors. Prominent in this field is the necessity for the vitamins. We recognize a number of very definite diseases which are due to lack of certain factors in the food, such as rickets and scurvy, but there are probably a number of vague conditions not yet carefully codified, which are also probably due to deficiency of food factors. Many forms of neuritis and arthritis and anemia fall into this group, and doctors are becoming aware of the importance of recognizing these conditions. As an illustration of what I mean, take the olc subject of alcoholic neuritis. It is well known tha many people who indulge excessively in alcohol acquire degeneration of the nerves, with paralysis. It has already been assumed that this is directly due to the action of the alcohol. There is another form of neu ritis known as "beriberi" in which the nerves are af fected in the same way, and we know that it is dui to lack of Vitamin B. It has recently been shown that the alcoholics whi develop paralysis are .those who live practically on alcohol alone and eat very little or a very poorly se lected diet, and that in the presence of alcoholic neu ritis if Vitamin B is added to the diet, the neuriti clears up even though alcohol is not withdrawn. Th same thing holds good for the prevention of alcoholi neuritis--in other words, the alcoholic who include Vitamin B in his daily food intake is not the one wb develops the multiple neuritis which we used to ca "alcoholic neuritis." PLEASE NOTE--Dr. Clendening cannot diagnose or give pe sonal answers to letters from readers, when questions are of gener interest, however, they will ne taken up. in order, in the dai column Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan deadening, care o Globe-Gazette. Write legibiy and not more than 200 words. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG Cruising the Headlines EARLIER DAYS FR05I GLOBE-GAZETTE TOLES hirty Years Ago-Mrs. F. M. Ikenbery left today for Greene for a wo weeks visit with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Ben Hillier left for Marshalltown to- ay. W. E. Ensign left today for Duluth, Minn., to visit is mother. Fred Swanson left today for Des Moines where he 11 resume his studies at Drake university. Fred Turnure and his mother of Red Cloud, Nebr., re in the city for a visit with relatives. Mrs. R. P. Edson of Minneapolis and Mrs. Doyle f Mitchell, S. Dak., left today for an extended visit t Freeport, 111. Twenty Years Ago-SAN ANTONIO, Tex.--Twenty .Apache Indian couts for service with General Pershing's forces, in Mexico will be selected by Captain Hazard, commander at Fort Apache in northern Arizona. A. M. Schanke was elected president of the Chamber-of Commerce today. Other officers elected were W. A. Westfall, vice president; C. B. Sherman, second 'ice president and secretary, and B. C. Way, treasurer. Mrs. H. S. Stanbery and daughter, Dorothy, of Cedar Falls are in the city for a brief visit with rela- ives and friends. Miss Anna Davis has returned from Minneapolis where she has been visiting for the past few days. PARIS--The Germans delivered a fierce night attack on three sides of the village of Malancourt last night. Sidney Stott won jn the advanced class and Clifford Kuppinger in the beginners class in the state high school typewriting contest at Waterloo yesterday. Ten Years Ago-Mrs. F. H. Wagner and son are spending the week visiting relatives in Waterloo. Mrs. A. L. Lake left yesterday for Chicago to spend the Easter, vacation. A total of ?295 has been raised as additional reward 'to be offered for the apprehension or conviction of the person or persons guilty of the murder of Morris Van Note, Lime Creek school director, on the night of March 13. The Rev. Harold Smith, pastor of the Grace Evangelical church, has tendered" his resignation to accept a position as instructor in Western Union college at Le Mars. H. L. Lockwood of Charles City has announced himself as a candidate for the office of district judge- to succeed Judge C. H. Kelly. HAMPTON--Four members of the Hampton team which won the girls state basketball championship a few days ago were today named on the all-state team. HITS PARKING IN LOADING ZONES ^mmt-_ "want to commend the po- SjsS^lice for their enforcement テつョ^*of the traffic laws in Mason City," writes H. C. "I can't think of a better trade-builder for our community than the assurance that parking space is available for shoppers--as it is when the parking laws are enforced--and that safe driving conditions are guaranteed. "I've noticed that those picked up for traffic and parking infractions are mostly local men, all of whom should and do know the rules. "Incidentally I would call your attention to an auto bearing the license number 17-522 which on one forenoon recently occupied space in a loading zone on East State street from 9 o'clock a. m. lo 11:30 a. m.--just 2 hours and 15 minutes over the legal limit. "The best way I think of to avoid the double parkins' curse in downtown Mason City is to provide rigid enforcement of the law as to loading zone parking." LINCOLN WORE BEARD FOR POLITICAL PURPOSES! ----. q m indebted to the "Amer- 5jテつサ*テつ」ican guide project" of the *Sr W orks progress administration at Washington for this delightful little story about Lincoln's beard. Believe it or not, it was grown for political purposes anc there is documentary proof of it at the nation's capital. A little girl was responsible, according to the WPA agency. Her name was Grace Bedell and her home was Westfield, Chautauqua county, New York. And to get on with the story: In 1860 Mr. Lincoln was clean- shaven and more than a trifle gaunt None of his masculine supporters guessed that his rather emaciatec appearance would have any effect on the voters--all male in those days-but the ladies had a better under standing of popular psychology Probably after having heard a good deal of talk on the subject at th sewing circles and elsewhere in he :llage, Miss Bedell wrote Mr. Lin coin on Oct. 15, 1860, the followinr letter: "Dear sir: My father has jus come home from the fair an brought home your picture and Mi Hamlin's. I am a little girl only 1 years old, but want you should b president of the United States very much so I hope you won't think m bold to write to such a. great ma as you are. Have you any little girl about as large as I am? If so giv them my love and tell her to writ to me if you cannot answer this let ter. I have got four brothers an part of them will vote for you any ray and if you will let your whisk- TS grow I will try and get the rest f them to vote for you. You would iok a great deal better for your ace is so thin. All the ladies like whiskers and- they would tease their usbands to vote for you and then ou would be president. My father s going to vote for you and if I was man I would vote for you to but will try and get everyone to vote or you that I can. I think that rail ence around your picture makes it ook very pretty. I have got a little aby sis'ter. She is nine weeks old ind is just as cunning as can be. Vhen you answer, address your let- er direct to Grace Bedell, Westfield, Chautauqua county, New York. "I must not write anymore answer his letter right off. Goodby, Grace Bedell." , Mr. Lincoln saw the point and tarted in immediately to raise a- rop of. whiskers, though he felt jshamed of himself for doing it, as s indicated in the reply which he ent his youthful girl advisor on Oct. 19: "My dear little Miss: Your Very agreeable letter of the 15th is received. 'I regret the necessity of saying I have no daughters, I have three sons--one seventeen, one nine, and one seven years of age. They, with their mother, constitute my whole amily. "As to the whiskers, having never worn any, do you not think people would call it a piece of silly affectation if I were to begin it now? Your very sincere well wisher, A. Lincoln." These letters are now on display i a little cabinet at the Lincoln A SALUTE TO WALTER MAVES, GOOD CITIZEN jnMk take this means of convey- SisSS ing to Walter Maves an as'^ surance that when he leaves Mason City Tuesday to take charge of a business undertaking at Prior Lake, Minn., he will have the well wishes of a very large number of North lowans. Mr. Maves hasn't been much on the spectacular. He's just gone about doing good in a quiet, unassuming- way, seeking- always to do the job at hand without fuss, or feathers. テつキ In the Boy Scout movement he has been a substantial pillar, one who could be counted on to follow as well as to lead. "What's my job? --I'll do it to the best of my ability," his attitude has always been. I hope Walt Maves and those dear to him have a world of good fortune in their new home. But I hope they won't become too completely separated from Mason City, the old home town. Answers to Questions By FREDERIC テつキ*. RASKIN Are home owners in Florida exempt from taxation on their property? L. K. Homes occupied by owners are exempt from state' and county taxes up to $5,000 assessed valuation. How old was Nijinsky, the dancer, when his career ended? F. M. His public life was over before he was 29. Was there not an old Indian or Eastern custom of slitting the soles of the feet of the dead before burial? E. F. It was practiced by. the Omaha Indians, in the case of a man killed by lightning, so he would go to the other world without giving further trouble to the living. If soles were not slit, he walks and would not rest in peace till another person is slain by lightning and laid beside him. He walks seemingly means, he walks around, does not depart on journey to other world. To insure against such loitering around, he should also be buried face downward. It is quite possibhle that sole- slitting occurs elsewhere. Who wrote Salley iu Our Alley? TT ' LOU MAJJLQKY LTJKli ENSLAVEMENT THROUGH STARVATION GARNER--Baruch-Wilson administration starved folks in Hoover's name, the Baruch-Roosevelt administration starves folks in Wallace's name. Bernard Mannes Baruch, war dictator, yearly lecturer at the war college, adviser to the presidents, Wall street gambler, super-adviser to the American (Wall street) Farm Bureau, sees to it that a continuous stream of propaganda of the Wall street wolves, in the sheep's clothing of farm (international banker's) bureau or department of agriculture reports is put in most every large and small town newspaper in the United States. Citizens of the United States pay high postal rates, so the Wall street .propaganda can be franked to the farmers by the Baruch agents in the county. Baruch agents have multiplied from one to an enormous swarm. Now teacher, preacher, rabbi, priest, editor, merchant, laborer, farmer, lawyer, doctor, politician and what-not, in most cases have become the tools in the Baruch-international banker starvation enslavement control program. As is understood preachers have been asked to preach one Sunday a month for the Farm Bureau. Preachers indorsed the war. Roosevelt has wrote the preachers to get support in the international banker enslavement program. Genesis 47 1-20 shows how complete enslavement through starvation wag accomplished of the Egyptians. This kindness of enslavement was returned to the Israelites as the new pharoah reigned. The Baruch international banker group called wholesale slaughter, democracy: call the enslavement program, soil conservation or prosperity just around "KIPLING WROTE VERSE ON TOWNS IN MICHIGAN" TWO TOWNS in Michigan. Rudyard and Kipling, not far from Sault Ste. Marie, were named in honor of the great master of poetry, and prose, Rudysrd Kipling Kipling, the grand old man of English letters died last January at the age of 70 years. He never realized the dearest dream of a poet's heart, to be. laureate of the empire, but his ashes lie in the Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey, recompense enough. His memory and his poems will be cherished in the hearts of millions the world over. The story attached to the naming of the towns stretches back forty years. Fred G. Underwood, then general manager of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, was responsible for tne names. The incident inspired Mr. Kipling to write a light piece of verse on the back of a photograph wh-ch he sent to Mr. Underwood. RUDYARD KIPLING Wise is the child who knows his sire. The ancient proverb ran. But wiser 1'ar the man who knows How, when and where his offspring grows. For who the mischief would suppose I've sons in Michigan. Yet. I am saved from midnights ills That warp the soul of man. They do not make me walk the floor, Nor hammer at the doctor's door; They deal in wheat and iron ore, My sons in Michigan. O tourist in the Pullman car (By Cook's or Raymond's plan) Forgive a parent's partial view; But maybe you have children too-So let me introduce to you My sons in Michigan. TOMORROW MARCH 31 By CL,テつサBK KISJs'AIKD Notable Births -- John Hays Hammond, Sr., b. 1855, celebrated American engineer who inspired Richard Harding Davis' "Soldiers of Fortune" ...... Claude A. Swanson, b. 1862, secretary of navy ...... James P. Pope, b. 1884, senator from Idaho ...... William H. Dieterich, b. 1876, senator from Illinois ...... Henry Windsor, b. 1900, Duke of Gloucester ...... William L. Bragg, b. 1892, Nobel prizewinner in physics. March 31, 1492 -- All Jews were ordered expelled from Castile and Aragon by the rulers, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. If all had gone, Columbus would not have found the way to the western world for Spain! The Spanish monarchs' treasury was empty and they had to turn away the Genovese after he laid his grand plan before them. A Jew, Luis de Santagel, hearing of the rejection, had Columbus recalled and advanced the money needed for ships and men. March 31, ni6 -- Francisco Goya was born in Fuendetodos, Aragon, of peasant parents whose wretched lives he appeared destined to follow until, at 12, he painted a pig upon a barn so realistically that he was given an art scholarship. He painted masterpieces until after he was 80. Fame and fortune never quenched his desire to do such things as climbing to the highest point on the dome of St. Peter's, Rome, at the risk of his neck, to carve his initials there. テつキ * テつキ March 31, 1809-- Edward Fitzgerald was born in England as Edward Purcell. (Fitzgerald was his mother's name, which he assumed.) He was 50 and a failure when first copies of his translation of Omar ' Unable the corner. Yours truly. JANE WACKER ONE MINUTE PULPIT--Correct thy son. and he shall give thee rest; yea, he shall give delight unto thy soul.--Proverbs 29:17. Khayyam's Rubaiyat went on sale in London. Unabl to interest a publisher in it, he had it printed at hi own expense. Only a few hundred copies were run off and very few were sold. The remaining copies were disposed of to a bookseller who dumped him into his "penny box." Those first editions are today worth many thousands of dollars. By Henry Carey in 1734. Is there any country where the people drink more coffee than in this country? C. O. The per capita consumption of coffee in the Scandinavian countries is more than 15 pounds as compared to 12 and 13 pounds in this country. The Danes, Swedes and Norwegians drink the most coffee. People in U. S. come next, while Belgium, Finland, and Cuba follow in close succession. How many bills (money) does the government print in a year? M. G. Every year the government has to print more than 1,000,000,000 bills --enough to make a 50 car trainload. The average life of a bill is only about a. year (less for- dollar bills); so four or five tons of worn and dirty bills come back to the treasury for redemption every day. What became of John Paul Chase, one of the bandits responsible for the death of Inspector Crowlcy and Special Agent Hollis of (he Federal bureau of investigation? C. G. Chase was tried, found guilty and sentenced to spend the rest of his life in Alcatraz Island penitentitary. Chase was the first person to be tried for violation of the act of congress making it a federal crime to murder a special agent of the federal bureau of investigation while engaged in his official duties. Is Cicero a suburb of Chicago? E. M. It is partly surrounded by Chicago of which it is an Industrial suburb. How many acres of land does the Nile irrigate? J. R. It irrigates 5,400,000 acres, and this may be increased to 7,500,000 by engineering improvements. When was the Liars' club started? K. D. As a ioke in Burlington. Wis., in 1929. It' has now become known If 1 throughout the world. There is an annual competition for the champion of all liars. Is a second lieutenant in the army ntroduced socially as lieutenant or mister? B. S. K. Introduced as Mister. In use of a college library, what is the adjustment problem most often met? C. S. In a recent survey, noise was the leading complaint. Whispering, talking and noisy surroundings disturbed students more than difficulties directly traceable to books. When will the Charleston, S. Car. Magnolia Gardens be in bloom? J. T. At best, April 7 to 12. Are all U. S. supreme court justices native-born Americans? J. M. All except Justice George Sutherland, who was born in Buckingham- shire, Eng. Tell of Wyandotte cave? H. G. It is a natural formation in Crawford county, Ind. It has a greater number and variety of stalactites and stalagmites than any other known cave in U. S. Besides the numerous chambers and galleries, the 23 miles that have been explored contain Monument mountain, rising 175 feet from the floor. How old was George Washington ,-hen his father died? G. D. He was 11. When he was 15, he went to Mount Vernon to live with lis half-brother, Lawrence. Start Garden Right Expert advice is just as important as seed, tools, soil, fertilizer, sunshine and rain. You should know every step to take from the time you lay out your gardens until you harvest your crop of fresh vegetables or beautiful flowers. Do not fail to get this package of five illustrated booklets about Vegetable Gardens, Annual Flowering Plants. Small Fruits, Garden Insects and Control of Weeds. Equally valuable for the city or country garden. Send in order today. Only 23 cents, postpaid, for all five of them. Use coupon: The Mason City Globe-Gazetta Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 25 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the Garden Package. Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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