The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 2, 1944 · Page 1
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February 2, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 2, 1944
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V s NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D E P A R T M E N T OF ;: ; H I ST£|L*AJLP A R C H I V E S I A "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWAHS NEIGHBORS" VOL. L /Associated Press and United Prcu Full Leased win* (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY. IOWA. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 2, HOME EDITION [fimri SEVERAL MILES Of GUSTAV LINE ARt DESTROYED Allied Invasion Troops TJirbw Back Counter Drive Near LJttoria By EDWAKD KENNEDY . Allied · Headquarters, Algiers, ff)--American and French troops j.-oriverging north of Caasino have lorn away several miles of .the lazis' strong Gustav line, and are Idvancing deeper in a grim slrug- tle, a l l i e d headquarters announced Wednesday. " To the west, on the Anzio Bridgehead, allied invasion troops fiirew back a- strong German 'Jeounter-attack w es £ of LHtoria ^supported by tanks \and artillery, nd advanced 'in some areas. British troops are fighting bard Luear Campoleone only 16 miles ttelow Borne, and American units | ire at grips with the enemy near 2isterna 14 miles northeast of A headquarters officer v de- pared the Germans still 'are rebuilding up a large force near'the |,oeachhead, and a heavy counter- ·'altaek may. be expected soon^ -Allied reinforcements are pouring into the beachhead, now 14 · miles long and 8 miles deep on ! the average, with some prongs 'running considerably farther inland. , t On the main oth army front, i American and French troops are fighting side by side as the spearheads of their attack join in the || area above the bastion of Cassino. They advanced a. mile, seizing ; more heights; and O. S. unite now are within a mile of Terelle, some J5 miles -northwest of Cassino. , rFrench forces took 100 prisoners ·Tuesday, and Americans caplurec 50 more: A battle now- is raging ..on Mt. · Manna southeast of Terelle, aud German pockets in : nearby .areas a r e being mopped ; UP. ' !., American troops attacking be- lli-hind tanks entered the northern ' half of some old Italian barracks near Cassino, transformed by the j, Germans into a bulwark of the fj : Gusta v' line, and took priso ners. I '~?. at *Qls,·; pushed.', to I, within -""300 Points Needed for Groundhog Chicago, Ol.PJ-^One of the most ssential things to know -about roundhog day is that the groundhog makes good eating and re- uires no ration points. Otherwise, he groundhog doesn't have much o offer, particularly- when it omes to weather forecasting. This being groundhog day,.Miss rOraine Lloyd, specialist on ro- ents for the Chicago-Museum ot "Natural History, put the ground- wg in his pla'ce--which is a hole n the ground. The groundhog, she said, is no orecaster. He's only a first cousin o a rat. Miss IJoya offered this thumbnail sketch of the-groundhog: He and the woodchuck are the ;ame animal. He is an aceom- )lished hibernator, a'nd during the time he spends in the ground he comes closer to death than any other animal. His temperature drops to just a bit above freezing. His heartbeat s!ows and he sleeps. When the weather warms up a t, the groundhog feels it in his jole and comes up for a look. If the outside world still feels too cold he goes back for a nap. He doesn't know whether it will.be 6 weeks or 6 months until spring. He makes a nice\pet, Being about as big as a terrier, with a head resembling that of a "rat. He can whip a dog in a fight and can climb a tree if he feels like it. And he can whistle at a shril! pitch, which some people think is melodious. ' · . ^ The superstition that spring is still 6 weeks away if the ground- log sees his shadow on Feb. 2 is something you can't blame on the groundhog. Miss I^oyd believes :hat started among slaves in the deep south. r ,but" . ,..rr-*.-r^ T ,.,...»- j^chine-guri -fife "~?rorrf ; nazi^"sacri- |j |icial squads" left jn the town to 5: Slelay the allied advance and den | vise , of -the- main road to Rome i highway- No. 6 . passing through I Cassino. . Evidencing the intensity I, fishtins on the Cassino front 1; French Gen. Paul Devinck, chie I; of Gen. Henri Giraud's 'persona Ii staff,. said French losses in 2 I months in Italy had equaled thei flosses for the entire Tunisian cam .paign. Devinck, returning after a {Yfc't '° * ne front, said imporlan ·Casualties had- been inflicted 01 | the Germans, but the French hat 1 suffered higher losses. j No additional details were an pounced on the bridgehead area Sighting. The sector there in alliet hands -is smaller than the Tobrul chunk in Africa which was hek in the western desert for 7 month in 1941 before being relieved. (Radio France at Algiers said the main coastal railway supply ing Germans in the Cassino are. had been cut by allied force which battled their way to Camp oleone. .. ·:' ' (A Berlin broadcast estimate! 250,000 men were engaged - 01 both sides in the Kalian bridge head. "One hundred, allied gur are lacing" a single German di vision alone," another broadcas said.) :'i V The part of the Gustav line nea I f X7assin6 through whicn the allie have smashed consisted of dug outs, pillboxes, minefields an barbed wire entanglements on th slopes running down to the Rapid river. Farther back were observa ft lion posts from'which the nazi ·j poured down accurate artillery ·jj fire. »L Tne 8t .h army won position \ jjbpmmanding a crossroads jus f southeast of Tollo, 5 miles inlan from Ortona. 16 REPUBLICS IN RUSSIA GIVEN ADDED POWERS Can Deal Directly With Other Countries and Raise Own Army Units Moscow, (fP)--The 16 individual ·epublics within the soviet union vere empowered to deal directly vith other countries and raise heir own army units under a history-making plan a d o p t e d unanimously by the supreme sov- Thi» F»per Consists ot Two Sections--Section On* NO. Ill , ·''' et (Russian parliament) Tuesday night after a 4- hour debate. The proposal was placed be- f o r e the supreme soviet by · Foreign C o m - missar Vyache- s 1 a v Molotov, who told the delegates that it marked "a new step forward in the solution of the nationality question" ( t h d problems ot the) numerous nationalities in the soviet u n i o n ) MOLOTOV / Headon Railway Crash Injures 3 Hear Clear Lake Three men were slighliy injured when the crews of 2 engines'of the Milwaukee road were forced to jump' before .a headon collision a the Clear Lake Country club golf course 1.7 miles west of -Clear ke"at 5:25-p. m. .Tuesday... , The.engines. No..9,4,:east:bdi3id drawing.a way;*feight,'and;a ligh extra, No/ 802, west" bound,' were badly damaged. Two cars of the freight also were badly damaged Creivmen who were injuref were A.-W. Kleinow, Mason City fireman oft the light extra, who received a sprained ankle; T. E Raffert.v, fireman on No. 94, who received slight injuries to his hip and S. E. Steece, Spencer, headeni brakeman on the way freight, who received a wrist injury. They w-ere (aken to a physician's office in Clear Lake, treated and late taken to the Park hospital in Ma son City. The collision occurred at a point where the Clear Lake Country club" golf course crosses the Milwaukee tracks. The castbound train was on a grade and the westbound engine was coming through a cut when the crews jumped. Bouncing apart from the impact of the crash, the engines came to a -stop about 75 feet apart. The tender and cab of the light extra telescoped and the first car of the freight was demolished. A car loaded with shelled corn also was damaged. . Investigation is being conducted by the railroad company l into the cause of the accident. , Traffic on .the road from the west was held up Tuesday night. No. 22 eastbound night train for Chicago was dctoured at Spencer bjr way of Des Moines. " No. 11 westbound morning train was delayed on account of the accident. A Wrecker arrived at the scene of the accident from' Sioux City and began the work 1 of clearing the tracks. Officials of the road expected the way to be cleared by 2 p. m. Wednesday, so that the eastbound No. 22- would be on time Wednesday night. The road bed was torn up somej what and would need repairing, according to officials. and was made possible "through the successes of the soviet union as a whole in the war against the invader. 1 ' The reconstruction, involving revision of the 1936 constitution, gives each republic its own commissariat of national defense- and foreign affairs. Some idea of the effect of the changes was, provided by Dr. Johannes , Vares, president of the Estonian republic, who asserted, in approving the plan, that "the diplomats of the national republics Revelation of More Facts Is Awaited by Hull Washington, (U.R--Secretary of State Cordell Hull, asked · about the soviet union's'decision to give each of its 16 republics an independent .voice in. foreign affairs, Wednesday, advised questioners to await revelation of all considerations relative .to what- the "USSR i= Honor Among 1st to Reach Tarawa Plymouth--The 5th of a series of community receptions for local boys returned from combat duty was staged at the "school auditorium here Tuesday night, with Marine Pvt. Lowell "Bud" Koci, son of Mr. and Mrs. John . Koci, residing near Grafton, the special guest of honor. The program, presided over by be Rev. L. E. Sarchett. was hi«h- ighted by an interview talk by 'vt. Koci in which there was a detailed description of the beachhead action at Tarawa in the 'Gil- rt islands in. which the Graftou boy was 1 of the 20 survivors of the "first wave of 760 American invaders. The interview. with Pvt, Koci vas conducted by Earl Hall of S/Iason City following a brief talk by the Mason City editor. In answer to questions, the marine traced his service since enlistment a year and a half. ago. The arm wound which hospitalized him and resulted in his present extended leave for convalescence occurred several hours after the Tarawa- beachhead had been established. He was on! sentry duty out ahead of his comrades' foxhole line. . . · "As the moon came up out o£ the bay," he related, "I heard some movement and saw some forms out beyond me. Although a machine-gunner, I-was armed at that time with a · Browning .The'move had" observers as an'effort to obtain for Russia a stronger hand at, the peace table and to matclvthe votes which the United States and Britain could muster in any. postwar world organization. Hull told his press and rpdio conference that he had only seen some news reports which appear to indicate that it was a matter within the exclusive jurisdiction oj the soviet government. will be guided in their work fay the general principles of soviet diplomacy." N. M. Pouomerenko,. secretary of the' communist party in White R u s s i a ; Alexander Bogomlets president ot the academy of sciences of the Ukraine;' Latvian Representative Wilhelm L a z i s and Eustace Faleekis, president ol the Lithuanian soviet republic also indorsed the plan. Lazis asserted, that the Unilec States still recognized the "olc fascist regime" of Latvia anc sad Latvia's position was not understood abroad despite the 1940 plebiscite by which it was joinec to the soviet union. Nikolai Gretchuka, president o_ the Ukrainian republic, declarec that "certain western neighbors ot the Ukraine" had "unjustificc claims" to part of its territory am asked the soviet government to bear in mind the desires of the people in handling this question He evidently referred to the soviet-Polish border problem. In a. 48 minute speech outlining the p l a n , Molotov said i demonstrated the strength of thi soviet onion, adding that "no every "state would make such a venture." He declared that na tiona! units of the red army previously had lacked full opportu nity for national development anc said that "now they can be pu on a firm footing." GET 10 MARSHALL ISLE BEACHHEADS automatic. W - h e n I thought the right time had come I let go with 4 clips. And in the exchange I was struck in the arm by either a .25 or a .31 caliber bullet. It went through my. arm and lodged in the butt o£ my gun. "I dropped down in my foxhole and waited out the night. When all other means of stopping the blood flow failed, J packed a lot ot coral sand into my improvised bandage, around my wound. That I think saved me frohi bleeding to death." Three 'other service men home on leave in the Plymouth community were introduced and spoke briefly. These included Don Harmon, Keith' Efclers and Eugene Ward. The crowd which filled the school auditorium to overflowing was made up mostly of Plymouth and Grafton people but there were representa'tives.ifrortua halfc.dozen otljiar . .NortrL- !, Manly^Kensett,. _ Bblan and'MasbrTCity. The program was opened with a concert by the Plymouth high school band under the direction ot Adrian Stevens, himself a high school student. The invocation was by Father C. A. Ferring of Manly. the benediction by the Rev. Paul Hegstead of Plymouth. Musical entertainment included numbers by a .women's quartet from Grafton, consisting of Mrs. Roy Buechele, Mrs. Armond Walk, Mrs. Leo KerchgoHer and Mrs. Walter Wagner, with Mrs. John White, Jr., at the piano. Solos during the evening were given by Bob Molsberry. his sister, Pat Molsberry, aiid little Junior Hedegard. Billy Hunches and Margaret Peterson and a chorus directed by Dorothy Hunches provided one of the hit attractions of the evening. Mayor Ren Snell presented a specially made key to the city to Pvt. Koci and, as a closing event on the program, a well fillefl purse was presented to him by Mr. Sarchett, with- the explanation that he didn't know how much was in it--and didn't want to know. Such n purse, of indisclosed value, has been presented on 4 previous like occasions to Donald Wilford, Harold Pedclty, Harold Buell and Howard Hedegard These welcoming receptions followed a giant memorial service held for Lelaiid Factor, Plymouth boy killed in the Jimmie Doolittle raid over Tokyo. Food for the buffet supper was provided by those participating in the feed. The kitchen detail in charge was drawn from the women of the Free Methodist church Buy War Savings Bonos and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. ·BIKAR RONGELAP WOTHO-S AILUK -S LIK)EP «:.. fc* MEJIT \«« - . . *%?·*· AIUNGLAPALAP' NAMORIK 50 STATUTE MILES WHERE YANKS HAVE LANDED--Arrows (left) indicate Kwajalein atoll; and Roi island where U. S. troops have, made initial landings in their invasion of the Mar- shall'islands. Underlined Jap bases were heavily pounded by a U: S. naval task force prior to the landings. Americans Open Heavy Assaults on 3 Major Japanese Strongholds Pear! Harbor, T. H., (UP)--Upwards of 30,000 U. S. marines and armj' troops, in a 500-mile amphibious jump along the invasion route to Tokyo, have seized 10 islet beachheads m the Marshalls and begun major assaults on the main strongholds of Kwajalem, Hoi and Namui 1 islands, front dispatches revealed Wednesday. Swarming ashore under the protective fire.of. the largest naval striking force ever assembled, assault troops quickly established their -* ootholds in the Kwajalem atoll Monday against light or nonexistent resistance. More than 40 Japanese were slain and a number captured, while American casualties were extremely light. The Japanese, stunned and decimated by a record 11,495-ton aerial and naval bombardment, Invasion Is Made by Back Door Route JAPS SUFFER LOSS IN ATTACK Allies Control Most of ojersiclie ·;; f~ '. Advanced .AlKed': Headquarters, New Guinea. (A^Allied' /control of most of the underside of New Guinea was indicated Wednesday in an official report that the Japanese had suffered a high percentage loss iii an attack at the mouth of Eilanden river. Eight enemy barges brought troops to attack a post there manned by Dutch -and Australian soldiers. Four barges were sunk and 60 Japanese killed by the allied ground force, Gen. Dougla's MacArthur's communique s a i d . Australian flyers later bombed and strated the remaining 4, and qilots said they doubted that any' of the enemy escaped. Report of the action constituted the first headquarters' revelation of the location of an allied post on the south New Guinea coast so far f r o m Port Moresby. The mouth of the Eilanden river is in Dutch New Guinea around 600 miles northwest of Port Moresby. It also was the first report of Dutch troops being in action with Australians." 38 Governors Assure. Senate States Will Handle Absentee Votes Washington. W) -- Thirty-eight out of 40 governors who replied to telegrams assured members of the senate Wednesday that their states either have made or will make special provision for absentee balloting by their citizens in the armed forces. The question of whether states can provide the necessary machinery to record the votes of service personnel has figured in the senate debate on a proposed federal war ballot bill. Senator Byrd (D-Va.) placed the governors' telegrams in the record in support of his contention that the states are actin Waterloo Over Top in War Bond Campaign Waterloo, (fP)--Waterloo went over the top Wednesday noon in the. 4th war loan. drive with a grand total- of- $4,453,541, of ?31,- OB8 : over, the, quota. . Minneapolis, (U.R)~ Authorities said Wednesday death of, John Carlso was probably due to a heart attack. His body was iound in his room with the burner of his gas stove still lighted. Officers said a pan of potatoes on the stove was burned to a powder. He had been dead about 3 days. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy Wednesday night and .Thursday. Warmer Wednesday night. Lowest temperature at Mason City Wednesday night.35., Iowa: Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday; warmer extreme east portion Thursday. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday. Slightly v/armer Wednesday night and extreme southeast and extreme northeast portions Thursday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Wednesday 34 Minimum Tuesday night 28 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 30 Sleet trace Reports were that the groundhog had been tearing around so much in recent mild weather that ho was all tuckered out and might not be able to crawl out of his hole again Wednesday. But if he did manage to struggle forth, he would have been certain to have seen his shadow Wednesday. Which would mean 6 more weeks of 'the kind of ''winter" weather we've been having. YEAR AGO: * Maximum 17 Minimum Minus MEET HEADON AT LAKE--This pair of engines of the Milwaukee Road met headon il^'k-V^ ° £ ? C ^ r Lake late Tuesda " afternoon. After the impact they settled io rest about to feet apart. The engine on the left was a light extra westbound. The engine on the right was eastbound, hauling a way freight. No one was seriously injured, since the crews jumped before the collision. A wrecker from-Sioux City started clearing the tracks so that traffic would be normal Wednesday night. (Lock photos, Kayenay engravings) Pearl Harbor, (A 3 )-- Bulwarked by more: than 2,000,000 tons of naval might, United States forces which successfully invaded Japan's Marshall islands by ii bold, backdoor route battled Wednesday for Kwajalein atoll, a key position so strategic that its conquest may in due time topple the Nipponese from 800 square miles of the mid- Pacific. The invasion opened Monday against Kwajalein, with fourth division marines goimr ashore on the north and XI. S. army veterans of Attu landing from the south. They struck in the fortified center of the western (RalilO line of Marshall atolls. . " . . · ' · The: bypassed' eastern (Hadak) line as well as those Atolls north and .; south , of Kwajaleih · · \verp ' ii.'atJpbsition-by th'e invasion stroke that Hear ' Adm. Richmond K. Turner, commanding amphibious operations, said: "We can either take them or let them wither on the vine." Against strong opposiiion, the marines under Maj. Gen. Harry Schmidt won islet positions, near the enemy's Roi air 'base on the northern end ol Kwajalein, world's largest atoll. Nearly 60 miles to the south, 7th infantry division veterans of Attu under Maj. Gen. Charles H. Corlett, landed closes to Kawaja- lein islet, a heavily defended shipping, seaplane and submarine base. Sixty six mile long Kwajalein atoll is the hub of defenses among the 32 Marshall atolls which bar the way to Japan's naval base of Truk, more than 1,200 miles to the southwest, and to Tokyo 2,700 statute miles to the northwest. Under the overall command of Vice Adm. R. A. Spruance, the most powerful fleet assembled, including new battleships, aircraft carriers and even secret type vessels, escorted the transports and landing craft to the invasion scene, 2,000 miles southwest of Pearl Harbor. Before the landings, guns oT the naval eseort churned Kwajalein and other atolls with a terrific bombardment. "Wherever we search the whole damn Pacific is filling up with warships," a pilot exclaimed on returning-Ho his carrier while the/ invasion force was Hearing the objective. Constant support is being afforded the ground forces by land- based planes--7th AAF units ot Maj. Gen. Willis H. Hale; fleet air- wing units of Rear Adm. John D. Price--and hundreds of planes from the carrier forces ot Rear Adm. March Mitscher. It is the same type of air mastery displayed during more than 20 straight days of neutralizing raids prior to invasion. In that period more than 300 enemy planes were destroyed or damaged, 11: of them on the last 2 days, in the Marshalls. More than 20 tons o explosives also hit Wake Islanc to keep that enemy air base from interfering. Despite such massing of power the Americans were prepared for weeks of fighting, if need be, to put down Japanese resistance, organized for a quarter of a century in the mandated Marshalls. (Jn doubtedly these defenses include strong 'underground fortifications. The gravity of the action was recognized in Japan. "The Japanese homeland is directly linked up with these mandated islands, which form the outer front line of the Japanese empire," chronicled Mainichi, one of Japan's most influential newspapers, published in Osaka. I added "the enemy must be beatei back, even rifice." at the greatest sac- Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-dazellc carrier boy. ·allied all available forces and beraii a desperate defense, however, as the Americans turned heir full might against the iwajiileiu island naval base at ;he southern end of the 66 mile long atoll and the Roi-Namur air base at the northern.end. (A Japanese c o m m u n i q u e broadcast byVlhe Tokyo radio and recorded by CBS said Japanese troops had counter-attacked arid , "furious fighting is now in progress.") Scores of guns hauled on to the newly - established islet beachheads joined the 16-inch rifles of America's newest battleships, other naval artillery arid swarms of. bombers iri blasting at Kwajalein, Roi and Namur' islands. The combined air-sea bombardment had been so effective that- not a single 1 enemy plane was sighted-during-landing operation*-1 in the Kwajalien island area.-". Front dispatches indicated that the marines and army troops were preparing to hurl everything from flame throwers to new type weapons never before used in the Pacific against fortifications built by the Japanese during the past 20 years to protect Kwajalieu atoll, their greatest naval base east of Truk. Hear Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, commander of amphibious forces, warned that the operation was "going to be tough" and we must expect losses, while other high sources said all evidence ;iraued against any such quick victory as was achieved in the Gilbert islands, which were conquered in 3 days last November at the highest cost of lives in marine history. Speculation that a d d i t i o n a l landings may have been'macle was touched off by the disclosure in Tuesday's communique from Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific fleet, that the objective of the operation was to capture the entire Marshalls area. The conquest of Kwajalein alone, the world's largest lagoon atoll, would give the United States a nnval operating base capable of accommodating a huge fleet, and lir bases within bombing range of Truk, Japan's "Pearl Harbor." It also would advance the United States' Pacific war timetable by at least 6 months, qualified nava'l soui'ces estimated. Japanese counter-attacks were expected momentarily, but Turner told newsmen who accompanied the largest invasion force ever mustered in Ihe pacific that "we are prepared for any eventuality.? 1 His words were backed up by the 16-inch guns of some of America's newest battleships and the massed fire and aerial power of hundreds of other ships in the vast naval armada. Charles Arnot, United Press war correspondent on Turner's flagship, said there were "ships as far as the eye can see in any direction." The number of aircraft carriers participating exceeded even the unprecedented armada which screened the Gilberts invasion. Twenty-five days of army and navy air raids on the Marshalls, -climaxed by a combined air and naval bombardment Saturday and Sunday, were believed to have neutralized at least temporarily the enemy's air arm, but reinforcements were expected to be brought up from islands to the northwest. Carrier-based planes alone were credited with destroying at least 33 and possibly as many as 123 Japanese planes in raids on Taroi and \Votje islands east of Kwai- alein atoll Saturday and Sunday. Ammunition and supply dumps and airdrome installations also were destroyed. American losses were reported officially to have been "minor." In launching their main attack against Kwajalein atoll, the American command thrust nearly 500 miles northwest of their nearest'

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