Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 20, 1937 · Page 4
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 20, 1937
Page 4
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 20 ·§ 1937 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE II I , .i ·it · AN A. W. LEE Issued Every Week Day by tlie MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Elate Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOQMIS - - - - - Publisher 'W. EARL HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager Entered ai second-class matter April 17, 1030. at the post- office at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879, MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to tile uje Cor publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and aU local news. 'Full leased wire service by United Press. MEJiIBEK, IOWA PAILV PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Moines news and business oUices at 405 Shop's Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Mason City and Clear by the year 57.00 by the week ....... OUTSIDE MASON CITf AND CLEAR LAKE AND WITHIN 100 .MILLS OF illASON CIT1" Per year by carrier ....57.00 By m a i l . 6 months ..... Per week by carrier ....S .15 By mail 3 months Per year by mail $4.00 By mail 1 month. OUTSIDE 1UO MILE ZONE IN IO1VA AND MINNESOTA Per Year ..$6.00 Six months .-S3.25 Three months . IN ALL STATES OTHEIt THAN IOWA A N D MINNESOTA Per yr...53.00 C months. .54.50 3 months. .52.50 I month. Lake, .S .19 .82.25 .51,25 .S .50 .51.15 .SI.00 A ^_ _ r **^fTMr*n.iai Against Court Tampering TpVIDENCE multiplies that the president's judi- ·'·' ciary reform proposal which would make il possible for him to pack the supreme court is not a popular measure per se. Nor is the opposition confined to the minority party. None will speak more acridly against it than the venerable Garter Glass already has. Nor is "progressiveism" the test o£ favor or opposition as the hostility of Senators Borah, Wheeler, Johnson and Norris proves. If the issue were set to political lines, strictly, the south which is as democratic as if it were compulsory would be solidly behind the reform measure. But such is distinctly not the case. Numerous organizations and legislatures in the southland have memorialized congress against, the proposal In Texas, for example, trie senate vote was 22 to 3 against it, the house vote 95 to 28. In Virginia only two daily newspapers were on the "pro" side'in a recent survey. In the current issue of the Texas Weekly, edited by Peter Molyneaux, as democratic himself as South Carolina, the case against letting the supreme court be "packed" was set forth in terms which don' admit of misunderstanding. We draw on the article: "The issue involved has nothing to do with question of the powers of the president or of congress. The president is plainly within his powers in recommending such a measure, and congress wil be entirely within its powers if it enacts it. The issue has to do .with the question of the advisability from the standpoint of public interest and the genera! welfare, of empowering a president, Mr. Roosevelt or any other, by a single special enactment to control the decisions of the supreme court to the immense extent which would be possible under the proposed legislation. "And we call this issue far-reaching because we think it will divide the American people into two warring factions and will inaugurate a struggle between them which, if it is not settled by the defeat of this measure at the present session of congress, will be carried on in every congressional district in the Jand in 1938 and will cause a sharp realignment . of political parties in the next presidential election. "If this proposal is enacted into law it will split the democratic party from stem to stern and probably bring r about a -.-return of the republicans to power in 1940. For while this issue will divide the people into two factions, we think that an overwhelming majority of them will be lined up in the faction opposing the president's proposal. "We are of the opinion that a storm of protest is now gathering, which will burst upon Washington almost at once and will grow in volume and fury during the weeks just ahead of us. It may be that this will have the effect of successfully blocking the enactment of the president's proposal into law and thus end the struggle at the present session of congress. On the other hand the president may be able to muster a majority of the two houses and, regardless of public opinion, he may proceed to put his program into effect. "In that event the struggle will continue and will be carried into next year's congressional elections and into the presidential campaign of 1940. If the president's plan of increasing the membership of the court succeeds, it will, split the next democratic national convention wide open as certain as the sun js to rise tomorrow. "By enacting -this proposal into law, the present emocratic majority in congress will perform very effective first aid to the moribund republican party, thus giving it a sure-fire issue on which to ride back into power as soon as the people-get the opportunity to express themselves on the matter at the polls. "For with all due respect and deference due the president, we cannot escape the opinion that he and his advisers have woefully misjudged the temper of the American people with respect to the United Slates supreme court. Dominant opinion among them may at times side with a minority of the court in close decisions, but,that does not affect the deep deference they feel toward that high tribunal, nor the abiding faith they have in it as the very bulwark of American institutions." Commenting on the overwhelming vote for the measure asking Texans in congress to oppose enlargement of the supreme court, Ml'. Molyneaux observed that "all o£ the members of the Texas legislature are democrats and so are most o£ their constituents." "Every senatorial and legislative district in the state," he added, "voted for President Hoosevelt, both'in 1932 and in 1936, and probably would do so again. But it is more than doubtful that the people o£ those districts would register a majority in favor of empowering the president to appoint six new supreme justices, if they were given the opportunity to vote on it directly. The action of the legislature therefore amounts to an expression o£ their will. But more than that it is an 'emphatic vote of confidence in the supreme court o£ the United States." Walter Lippman, often credited with contributing more than any other one person save James A. Farley to the election oE President Roosevelt in 1932, gave expression recently to this view of the judiciary reform issue: "I£ the American people do not rise up and defeat this measure (for enlargement of the supreme court), then they have lost their instinct for liberty and their understanding of constitutional government . . . no blosv has been struck, which if it is successful, would so deeply injure the moral "foundation of the republic. There is no doubt that a great question has been raised in America." Tom King, Winnipeg, Canada, Free Press correspondent in Washington, would ordinarily be accepted as the disinterested viewpoint so far as American affairs are concerned. In a recent, discussion of the situation growing out of the president's judiciary reform to congress, he concluded as follows: . "More than one man of comrranding genius at the height of his power committed some-folly, like Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1814, which is hard to explain except upon the theory that the ftfods, theretofore propitious, had become bent up- on his destruction. One can only hope that as the president begins to hear from the country he, will abandon a policy which is likely to result in his own destruction. "The people of this country may be ready for a constitutional amendment, but they seem to be unalterably opposed to congress making'any changes in the constitution by destroying the authority of the. supreme' court." An extremely interesting period of history lies immediately ahead. President Roosevelt cannot be blind to the preponderance of sentiment againsl tampering with the supreme court. It would, take courage for him" to move full steam ahead in the face of this indisputable fact. But courage is one of the things which the president has been long on in his three decades of political activity. 'He may be sure enough o£ his grounds, he may have sufficient confidence in the ultimate wisdom of his course, to plunge ahead and hazard the consequences. ; PROS and CONS INSPIRED BY OUR FARM EDITOR Ray Sperbeck in Swea City Herald: Gentle Arthur Pick-ford, farm editor of the Mason City Globe-Gazette--may his land increase to force poise into this cockeyed world--chides the newspaper editors for forever lambasting pur state legislators. Mr. Piekford believes the assemblymen should be given a chance to do good works, or the scriveners should guide them along the paths which lead to the higher levels at statescraft. It is easy to grant Mr. Piekford his complaint. Certainly, editors who project more carp'ing criticism benefit neither themselves nor anyone else. It is a bad journalistic habit to fall into, and doubly hard to shake off. On the other hand, it must be recognized that we enter the booth on election day and mark our bollots, blindly hoping that from those who offei themselves for public service there will be a few sturdy, honest men able to find ways really to promote the public welfare. The result usually is we get. a gang of rascals and nincompoops against whom we must forthwith throw up a defense, 01 we lose our shirts. The situation leads Mr. Albert Jay Nock to exclaim in The American Mercury, "the individual citizen should regard persons who admin.'iter the government as ipso factor potential rogues, who may be estopped from active roguery only by the watchful eye and ready hand of an invincibly suspicious and captious citizenry." We often have discussed with our inmates the proposal to create "career men," that is to say, when the young man gets ready to pick his vocation, offer him a novitiate in government, and advance him as lie-demonstrates his capacity. But oJ course, this would make a distinct governing class. It would strike at the roots of our democracy. Maybe, after all, as one looks with consternation upon our lawmakers, he is befogged by his own temperament, what he ate for breakfast, or his daily radio fare. OUR LETHAL MOTOR TRAFFIC New York Herald-Tribune: An increase of 1,500 in the number of deaths from traffic accidents makes 1936 the banner year for highway slaughter in this country. Its total is 38,500 fatalities from this cause, so we learn from the National Safety Council whose report, however, points out certain encouraging features of the appalling record. For instance, while traffic deaths increased 4 per cent over the figures for 1935, automobile reg- stration jumped 8 per cent, to 28,270,000, and these -·ehicles traveled 225,000,000,000 miles or 22,000,000,000 more than in any previous year. In other words, .reckoned o n ' a mileage basis Uie situation ·shows an .improvement. More encouraging still is the finding that where real efforts have been made to promote highway afety they are reflected in the results. Thus 8 states and the District of Columbia actually re- luced traffic deaths 7 per cent while experiencing a 10 per cent increase of gasoline consumption. -All jut two of the states on this list have, carried on 'either a complete program o£ safety engineering, egislation, law enforcement, education and" safety organization or have done excellent work on one or two of these lines." We may be proud of our own city whose safety drive has. been unremitting. New York and Milwaukee, each with a traffic death rate of 11.7 in 100,000 of population, made the best showing among reporting cities of more than 500,000 inhabitants. Compare this with a rate of 37.2 in Los Angeles. It is possible to say, therefore, that the battle is by no means hopeless, though victory may be a long way off and will undoubtedly require a greater concentration o£ will, public and private, than any yet achieved. . \ LEWIS' LUST FOR POWER Cedar Falls Record: Dr. Glenn Frank, recently 'liquidated" as president of the University of Wisconsin, spoke in New York City the other night and seemed sympathetic with John L. Lewis' plan to join the workers of the nation in one big union. But he took a rap at Mr. Lewis' motives, declaring "he has a lust for power that makes dictators." THE LOGICAL NEXT STEP Marshalltown Times-Republican: No "tickets" will be issued to visiting autoists in Des Moines for parking Jaw violations on certain shopping days. In other words, the capital city is willing to nullify its ordinances in an effort to coax outside trade. Perhaps free drinks and free lunches will be the next inducible step. GOOD COMBINATION AT IOWA Council Bluffs Nonpafiel; Apparently, the Tubbs-Boland combine is a good one. The head mentor, according to dispatches, is a soft-spoken mediator while his assistant is .a fiery lad who can give and take with the best of them. One of :he troubles under the Solem-Boelter regime was acfc of this co-ordination. TO GUARD AGAINST DIVERSION Northwood Anchor: Iowa might well join Colorado, Missouri, Kansas, Minnesota and Maine in earmarking all funds derived from automobile operation, and intended for highway use. NOT A POPULAR MEASURE Charles City Press: There is not a newspaper coming to our exchange table nor do we know of any that supports the presidenr'in his effort to pack the supreme court. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG SOME APPRECIATED KIND WORDS CLEAR LAKE--I wish to compliment your edi- .onal of Feb. 16 in Globe-Gazette under the head- ng, "Out of Step With Times." Such editorials are timely and to the point. It bears out what I said in my last article, that all special interests arc represented in congress except the public interests. It is time the press, the pulpit, and the radio sound the warning--What may happen when large )rivate interests conflict with the general interests. The public will stand much abuse, but its pa- Jence may be tested beyond endurance. It is the public, or consumers, who must pay the bill for all such follies. I believe it is time we stop, as consumers, to do the "washing" for such dirty work as was foisted upon us by capital and labor in the General Motor's strike. "Hit 'em again" and again Earl. Some day you may make a "home run." Cordially yours, ,., It, M. HALL. DAILY SCRAP · BQQK ..-..· . . . . by Scott flOLV WA1ER. W l L L B E POURED INTO FOR. USED IN EUROPE. ROR. ARE MUZZLE L.OADERS IF A m FP.AMCE. KILLS HIS LlSEE By VISITORS v/fto WANT-to AR.OUNP CO-R.AL. UNPET2. -- -fftEL -HAWAIIAN ISLANDS FOfi. MURDER COPYRIGHT.- 19J7. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CI.ENIIENING, ill. D. PNEUMONIA DESCRIBED FOR READER A READER asks me to describe pneumonia so that "· the layman can have an intelligent idea o£ its nature. There are two or three different kinds of pneumonia, all caused by some kind of germ which lights on the tissue o£ the lung and causes an inflammatory exudate to form. Broncho-pneumonia p r o bably follows an infection in the bronchial tubes out into a number of small' lung endings all over both lungs. Lobar pneumonia, on the contrary, is a mass infection of all the air cells in one lobe of the lung. What is generally called double pneumonia is involvement of more than one lobe. .' ' There are no'fewer than 10 different kinds of germs capable of producing pneumonia. Lobar pneumonia is usually caused by som e,form of the pneumococcus. been divided into four types, as follows: Type I . II . III . IV . Per Cent Frequency ...'.. 40 25 15 20 Per Cent Mortality 25 50 60 10 100 36 (average) Broncho-pneumonia follows such infectious diseases as measles, and may be caused by the same germ which causes influenza or the same germ that causes streptococcic sore throat. Pneumonia usually comes on suddenly with a chill, pain in the side of the chest, fever, followed shortly by the coughing ot rusty sputum which looks as if it contained brick dust. It has been called "brick dust sputum." This appearance is due to the red blood cells coming up into the sput- tum from the exudate. There is no other disease except malaria which is so frequently ushered in with a chill. In this kind of weather, any of these symptoms, but especially the onset- of a chill, should indicate immediate bed rest and the services of your family physician. In treatment, this rest is all-impor- lant. Fresh air, sensibly applied, is the next most important consideration. I say "sensibly applied," Because frequently in severe weather the physician finds the pneumonia patient in bed with all the windows open, with so much air that he frequently s more shocked than benefited. However, it is a great advance to have air over the old days when a patient was shut up in a stuffy room, the oxygen of which was used by a stove or fireplace. · Doctor Northrup in New York, who started the open air treatment of pneumonia, used to say, "Why make the patient take five breaths when three will do the work?" ' Pneumonia is a short, self-limited disease, and neither drugs nor diet are of paramount importance. In serum, it has been found that types I and II will respond to a serum, and these constitute, as you see in the table, 65 per cent of the cases. Typing can now be done rapidly and accurately. The use of an oxygen tent or an oxygen cham- ser has been found by many physicians to be beneficial. TOMORROW By CLARK KINNAIBD Notable Births--Gloria Vanderbilt, b. 1324, mil- ionaire-heiress whose custody has been the cause of a bitter court,battle between her mother and icr aunt . . . Mary Garden, b. 1877 in Scotland, opera singer , . . Vincent Massie, b. 18B7, Canadian statesman. Feb. 20, 1809--"State's rights," ended, in effect, with a supreme court decision that established the lower of the federal government as superior to Jiat of any individual state or commonwealth. {Pennsylvania is not a state.) John Marshall wrote the decision, which, upheld a lower federal court ruling ordering the commonwealth to pay certain prize money to a Connecticut shipowner for his capture -of a British sloop in the Revolutionary war. Pennsylvania had disputed the authority of a federal court in state affairs. Within four years the power of the supreme court to review determinations of highest state courts in cases involving the constitution was es- ablighed. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are exalted. Psalm 12:8. EARLIER DAYS IN MASON CITY Told by (ilobe- G»ielto Files Thirty Years Ago -Drs. Cogswell of Swaledale and Collins of Burchinal were in the city Tuesday. Dr. Collins was examined by local physicians. He is some improved in health but has been quite sick. A large sum of money has just been placed with E. V. Franke, loan agent, at Mason City, Iowa, to loan on farm lands in Cerro Gordo county at a low rate of interest. It will pay you to see him in regard to your loan, A. H. Ferris o£ McGregor made his first trip yesterday as a fireman for the Milwaukee. Supt. Fred Maharinah of the county schools left this morning for Des Moines on business. Ed Barr of Austin, interested in the North Iowa Brick and Tile company, is in the city on business. Twenty Years Ago-SAN ANTONIO, Tex.-- Maj. Gen. Frederick Funston, commander oj the southern department of the United States army since February, 1915, died here a few minutes after, he had finished dinner. Mason City high school was edged out 21 to 20 by Milford high school's basketball team last night. O. W. Vandelinder of Winnipeg, Canada, is visiting relatives in the city for a few days. Mrs. Louis Wilson and daughter left today for a few days visit with friends at Spencer. G. H. Sauerberg and D. W. McAuley left today for Des Moines to attend the auto show. Mrs. H. M. Hoag returned last night from a few days visit with relatives at Garner. Ten Years Agra -- . Esther Elliott o£ Cubuque is visiting relatives in the city for a few days. Mrs. A. Dunlayey and her daughter, Mary, left last night for a visit with relatives at Minneapolis. Mr. and Mrs. George Gale left today for a visit with friends at Minneapolis. Lucille Ransom o£ Colo is visiting friends In the city for a few days. R. W. Eaton of Omaha, Nebr., is in the city for the purpose of conducting the annual county spelling competition. West Waterloo won from Mason City 27 to 13 last night on the local court. NEW YORK-- Jimmy Maloney of Boston beat Jack Delaney, light heavyweight champion, in a 10 round non-title bout last night. St. Joseph's cagers dropped a 17.,to 7 game to Sheffield on the local court last night. Vagrant Thoughts By LOU MALLORY LUKE ?M h .l'! 1 "' *'£, be , ln " n ° r w»m»ll you will nrver ilo anything In, TM" 3 w l l h n u l courujc. H Is tht ftcitcsl qil.llty of Hie mind next to honor.--James L. Allen. '. rpHERE IS no such thing as skies of endless blue - 1 - . . . How would Mr. Roosevelt like to have one servant m the bath room, one in the bedroom and one m the kitchen--sit down strikers and he could not move them, nor get other servants? He wouldn't stand for it one minute . . . Radio folks are talking about onion sets so I know spring's a-comin' . . . ihe possum is sometimes called a stupid persimmon tree and poultry thief . . . This cake and ice cream or no dinner attitude is not good for this country . . . Somehow an oyster stew doesn't taste like it used'to when we came in from a sleigh ride. Seems that proud crested dish has degenerated through the years into a weak oysterless affair. And then again it might take more to tickle the palate than it did in those yester days . . . Read some place that the Creator's job was to run the universe--not the national affairs . , . New York Times on a Monterrey news stand looked pretty good . . . Wonder how it would work if "we the peepul" o£ these here United States of America had a little something to say about the supreme court? . . . Backsliding boys in Washington better look out or the goblins will get them . . . Sugared doughnuts tasted mighty good with the oyster stew, too . . . Dog story: San Antonio has an Animal Defense league shelter. Big Boy is the official watch-dog for the shelter and Clyclops is the "hostess." They are a queer pair, both German shepherd dogs. Big Boy was found on South Alamo street after he had strayed beneath a parked automobile for two days, wretched and tortured with internal injuries and a paralyzed paw. The doctors gave him up but the league did not. His leg had to be amputated at the shoulder. Cyclops was picked up on Broadway late one night. Her hip was out of joint, and one eye literally knocked out. Both dogs were victims o£ hit-and-run drivers. Now Big Boy and Cyclops greet every visitor, and visit the pens with them, and show groat delight when an prphan is adopted. Great things--these shelters for our best friend! OBSERVING ffi^^ Referendum Proposed on High Court Rulings MBit, was asked the other day Wgp; by W. C. H. of Mason City vs ^ what I thought about a plan which would admit o£ a referendum to the people of all laws found unconstitutional by the supreme court. I- asked him to set it down on paper so I could pass it along for the consideration of those who occasionally turn to this department. This he did. Here it is: ~~"I believe that the most democratic way to solve the present supreme court question is as follows: . "Congress to enact a law amending the constitution and the states to act on same within one year, as follows: "It a law passed by congress is declared unconstitutional by the supreme, court, it shall still be the law until the next presidential election. "At this election it shall be voted on by the people · by special ballot as a strictly non-partisan issue. The same method we now use for school bond issues." --o-P. T. A. Had a 40th Birthday This Week jBjay propose a round o£ ap- f«gxlplause for the P. T. A., ^^ which this week began its forty-first year as an influence for good in the life of America. The organization has a membership of more than two million. It was started by Mrs. Phoebe Apperson Hearst, mother of Wiliam Randolph Hearst, and Mrs. Alice McClelland Birney. There are 25,000 local units and it is active in every part of this country. Few organizations have a better reason for being or a more certain future of usefulness. , --o-Road to Mexico City Brought to Perfection S», learn from authoritative (Sp* ? ou . rce ''hat important fin^^ ishing touches are being added to the Laredo-Mexico City highway, in anticipation of a summer o£ unprecedented travel. Guard rails have been erected in mountainous regions and hard pavement on the last few miles of the central section are being completed. In the meantime, motorists expecting to travel over the highway, opened officially last July, are urged to make reservations in advance for overnight accomoda- tions. This may be done at the border at Laredo. Cities along the road, particularly Monterrey, industrial center of northern Mexico, are making arrangements to provide special attractions for tourists. In May, it is announced, a folk-lore fiesta, including exhibitions of industries and handicrafts from all over Mexico, will be opened in Monterrey, --o-Average American Richer Than Midas Mhk. am impressed, by the fact tfg§i. that an ordinary person in * 5 *^ United States might be termed richer in worldly goods than the fabulously wealthy Indian potentate, the Nizam of Hy- derabad, Celebrating his silver jubilee, the Indian notable worth $2,000,000,000 rode through the streets in a 2G-year-old Rolls Royce and smoked cigarets which cost but four cents for a package of 20. The ancient auto was repaired at a cost of J500 and was flanked by two others oE 1907 vintage in the parade. The average American working man and his family with a modest income can boast an auto not over four years old, a radio, often a shower bath and many comforts which the Indian potentate is denying himself or does not understand as being almost necessities in this country. By contrast, the Hindu can have . his wealth but. the American is content to have the simpler comforts which make life worth living. --o-Kind to His Own but Thoughtless of Others i£j!*\ saw a father drive through ·jjgpp; the school stop sign on . ^^ East State street Friday morning, pull over alongside the curb to the south o£ Central school and'tenderly take his tiny daughter from the car to accompany her up to the building. He displayed an admirable regard for his own child but he was a little short on regard for the children of other patrons o£ Central school, it impressed me. All o£ which reminds me of one of the dozen pledges required of those who accept membership in the Cerro Gordo Safety council, namely, "I promise to guard the safety of all children as I would that of my own." It isn't my thought here to suggest that this particular driver is killer at heart. I don't believe that. Rather, it is my idea that he was preoccupied w i t h other thoughts. And I can't think of a better way to remind such a motorist of a neglected duty than a required call at police court some fine morning. ·::-. Answers to Questions By FUEDEUIC J. HASKIN priceless possessions, he received the sum of five pounds. How fast is the population of. Canada increasing? D. S. Since 1932, the natural increase has averaged about 119,000 persons p. year. With what church was fllar.r Baker Edily connected before she organized the Christian Science church? H. M. The Congregational riiurch. What states have fair trade laws? E. G. Arizona, California, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New York Ohio, Oregon, P e n n s y l v a n i a , Rhode Island, Virginia, Washington and' Wisconsin. It is expected that fair trade laws will be presented to the legislatures of 29 other states where the lawmaking bodies are now in session. What caused the death of Alex- antler Pushkin, Russian poet? J. II. Killed in a duel with a guardsman named d'Anthes over an affair of honor. · How many publications sent out h.v Hie government Jirlntinfi- office at Washington? .T. IV. In 193(5, Die division of public documents mailed out more thsn 860,000,000 pieces of printed matter. PLEASE NOTE--A reader can ret the answer to any Question of fact br vrrlttnr Hit Mason City Globe-Gazette's Information Burenu. Frederle J. Ha.i- k!n, Director, Washington, V. c. Please tend Iliree (3) cenlj poslarc for tenlr. Was Miss Jearmetle Raiikin or Mrs. Feltoii the first woman to sit in congress? V. P. Miss Hankin was first, havin* been elected to the house of representatives in 1916, while Mrs. Rebecca Feltpn was appointed to fill an unexpired term in the senate and attended two sessions in November, 1922. Mrs. Felton, however, was the first woman to sit in the senate. How many U. S. senators are 70 years olci or older? H. K. Only 10, Docs Russia have any medicinal springs? J. R. There are approximately 2,500 springs with medicinal properties in different parts of the country. .Will there be any international exposition in U. S. this year? F.R. The Greater Texas and Pan- American Exposition will be held at Dallas from June 12 to Oct. 31. Is Sinclair Lewis's book, "It Can't Happen Here," read in Germany? W. J. It was officially banned there. Where is Cipango? .T. H. This is an island described in the Voyages of Marco Polo. It is represented as lying in the Eastern seas, some 1,500 miles from land, and of its beauty and wealth many stories are related. Columbus and early navigators made a diligent search for this island. What flowers are used In Bermuda for perfume making? R. S. Perfume is made from the flowers, leaves and bark of the fiddle- wood tree, from the Pride of India flower, and from Easter lilies, Oleanders, sweet peas, gardenias, freesia, and passion flowers. Will the Louisville flood prevent the running of the Kentucky derby this year? M. H. Despite the fact that Churchill Downs has been, inundated, the derby is scheduled for May 8. Was John Jacob Astor an inventor as well as a capitalist? F. R, He invented a bicycle brake, a pneumatic road improver and an improved turbine engine. Who made the first patterns for clothes? M. L. In 1803, Ebenezer Butterick, a tailor of Sterling, Mass., conceived the idea of making a set of men's graded shirt patterns. These were the first standardized patterns for clothes. Is it essential to use the address in a business letter? W. B. . A statement of the name and address o£ the person written to is an essential part of a complete business letter. To whom was the Duke of Norfolk married? H. W. ' He was married to Lavinia Strutt. The wedding took place in Brompton Oratory, London. Dltl Robert Burns derive much Inrnme from his songs? \V. V. The poet wrote about 100 songs as accompaniments ,lo the melodies of Scotland and for these, which are now among the world's NEW ALMANAC The offer of "Uncle Sam's Almanac" for 1937 has brought the largest mail handled by our Washington information bureau in many years. It is one of the most poplar publications ever produced by that institution. Everyone Iike3 Compiled principally from government sources. It is a new kind of almanac. No propaganda, but a wealth of everyday information useful to the whole family. Covers 115 subjects, including a ready reference calendar for 200 years household hints, garden advice' notes on etiquct, pointers on letter writing, and political and economic data, besides the usual almanac and calendar pages. Inclose a dime to cover cost and handling Use coupon. The Mason City Globe,GazeHe Information bureau, Fredric J. Haskin, director Washington, D. C. In Inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for a copy o£ "Uncle Sam's Almanac." Name Street City Stale ( M a i l t o Washington, D. C.)' ^ Z=Si^

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