The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 20, 1937 · Page 1
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February 20, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Saturday, February 20, 1937
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f I S M E M S OF. PT O F I O r t r ' F * MS f M f * ffi NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OVVANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLI1I FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS LEASED WIItES MASON CITY, IOWA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1987 IMS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS NO. 118 War of Two Philosophies Success Claims in Auto Strike Are Disputed. By CHAKLES P. STEWART A S H I N QTON, (CPA) -- The outcome of the sit down strike of General Mot o r s workers was not sufficiently c l e a n cut altogether to convince students of the la- fa o r situation, pro or con as to t h e merits of the sit d o w n system. At Washing- t o n headquarters of John L. Lewis' committee on industrial organization it is maintained that the srikers gained practically alt that they were fighting for. The C. I. O. foil: naturally would say so, however. It was their strike and they cannot afford to admit that it was less than reasonably successful. A. F. of L. President William Green's verdict that the strikers lost unqualifiedly in equally natural, coming from that source. Considering that Lewis and the C. 1. O. are in rebellion against Green and the A. F.-of L., the latter body's chieftain scarcely could be expected to recognize a triumph of the insurrectos, who virtually threaten to put the A. P. of L. out of business if their program proves 100 per cent effective or nearly so. Will Not Braff. If General Motors thinks it was victorious it is sensible enough not l o . b r a g about it; if it thinks it ·was beaten it wouldn't care to confess that either. The labor department simply claims credit for engineering a mutually satisfactory compromise. Most of the comparatively disinterested authorities I h a v e talked with are of the opinion that the affair ended in a dog-fall, as between the sit down strikers and General Motors. Contest Also Involved. ; A contest also was involved ,he-, tween CM. O.'s vertical unionization policy and A. F. of L.'s'hori- zontal policy. If C. I. O. had won that si-ike by a straight out decision it would have had A. F. of L. on the ropes. But a draw, if that is what this compromise was, it was not good enough. To say the least, C. I. O. needed a liberal margin of advantage over General Motors--not so much for the sake of a victory over General Motors as to show to all · workingmen that its methods arc better than A. F. of L.'s methods, C. I. O. did gain a little. But' did i t ' g a i n sufficiently to appeal spectacularly lo industrial workers? That is problematic. Tn Drain A. F. of 1.. If it did. C. I. O. invariably will drain A. F. of L. off into ils own setup. If not, C. I. O. has lost its first C. I. O.-A. F. o£ L. battle--an ominous beginning for the Lewis forces. C. I. O. tried the sit-down weapon. Will it try it again? If it does the conclusion will be that it is not discouraged with it. If not, the conclusion will be that it has abandoned hope of that recourse-and has fizzled. There are reports that it is about to try it in the steel industry. We shall see in the near future. It is not solely a struggle between capital and labor; it is a struggle between rival labor philosophies. Gomjiers Conservative. Samuel Compcrs, for instance, -was craft unionism's creator. He was a conservative. "Big Bill" Haywood created Hie International Workers of the World--ALL workers. Gompers and Haywood were at opposite ends of the poles--as far apart as Green and Lewis; as far apart as Rockefeller and Terence V. Powderly, inventor of American trades unionism. "Bill" Green is the conservative labor leader o£ today. Lewis is "Bill" Heywood's successor, minus some of Bill's reputed violence. Dust Plagued Town ' Pleads for Medical Supplies and Nurses HUGOTON, Kans., (/P -- Pleas for more medical supplies and nurses went out Saturday from I his dust plagued town of 1,500 in southwestern Kansas after two more deaths brought to 14 the number of victims of influenza and pneumonia. "We need help," declared Dr. T. G. Gammell, city health officer. "We must have moi-e nurses and more supplies." South In the Oklahoma panhandle to Guymon and Texhoma, a dust soiled snow fell early Saturday. Goodwell and Boise City, Okla., and Elkhart, Kans., also had snow. Elated Guymon residents stood out in the falling flakes, stained a reddish-brown by the blowing topsoil. A slight haze which hung ; ,*over that section cleared rapidly. FALLING ROOF TRAPS 3 FIREMEN VICTIMS FEARED DEAD; 7 OTHERS INJURED AT FIRE Flames Destroy 1 Building and Damage Another in Nashville, Tenn. NASHVILLE, Tenn., (ff-j-- Seven firemen were injured and three were trapped under a falling roof, their fate undetermined, in flames which destroyed one building and damaged another on the edge of Nashville's business district Saturday. Spectators expressed fear that the missing men were dead, crushed by the debris. Physicians said none of the injured firemen rescued appeared to be in a serious · condition. Only Walls Standing. The fire originated in the four story building housing the W. E. Stephens manufacturing company. Only the walls were standing an hour after the alarm was sounded. The flames spread ID t h e adjoining Neely-Harwell company building. The firemen were injured when the upper floors of the Stephens building collapsed, sending burning timbers crashing to the basement. Falling debris blocked all entrances and made the search for the missing men difficult. Nearly all of the city's fire fighting equipment was pressed into service. On "Public Square." The fire was on . Nashville's "Public Square," just across the street from the new city hall- county courthouse under con' . . . . Scores nit produce 'men, ·''in town for their Saturday morning sales "on the square," shifted their turnips, spinach and apples to make room for the lire engines. Departments were hampered in their work by the narrowness of alleys in the district. GASOLINE STOVE EXPLODES IN APARTMENT BUILDING DES MOINES, (.fP)-- Explosion of a small gasoline cooking stove i» an apartment building here Saturday hurled window glass 75 feet a.n d rocked surrounding buildings, but six persons living in the apartment escaped injury. Mrs. Virgil Mallet noticed leaking gasoline burning around the stove's supply t;mk. She and her husband fled outside. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Ward and their two c h i l d r e n , roused by the Mallets' cries, also fled. Bill Eolan, in the basement, said the blast "sounded like the whole building was corning down." Firemen quickly extinguished the fire following the explosion. Suspect Pleads Innocent. DES MOINES, (/P)-- -Etsel Wallace, 3S, charged with holding up two taxicab drivers, pleaded innocent to charges of robbery w i t h aggravation in municipal court here. He wns held on S5.000 bond. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Fair Saturday niffht and Sunday! colder Saturday night and in east and central portion Sunday; Monday increasing- cloudiness. MINNESOTA: Generally fair Saturday niffht, Sunday and Monday; colflcr Saturday night and in cast portion Sunday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 2-1 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Saturday morning: Maximum FriQay 35 Above Minimum in Night 30 Above At 8 A. M. Saturday 31 Above Precipitation .20 of an Inch Snowfall .50 of an Inch Whether weallicr which combines snow, mist, rain and sleet with a temperature just above the freezing mark is preferable to sub-zero temperature and snow- blocked roads such as prevailed a year ago was a principal topic of debate in Mason City Friday. No official decision was reached and the argument continued into Saturday. WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO, (J?)--Weather outlook for the period of February 22 to March 1, 1937. For the Upper Mississippi and Lower Missouri valleys: Some precipitation indicated about the middle of week; rising temperature by Tuesday or Wednesday; colder latter part ot weejji 1 . Editor Offers State Aid Tenancy Plan LOOK I N S I D E FOR- HENRY FOKJJ Joins Those Opposing Roosevelt Court Plan ON PAGE 2 Cresco Man Second in National Butter Score ON PAGE s Round Table Talks to Be Held by Teachers ON PAGE 11 -- _ , , Two 7 BaskerScraps ON PAGE 9 NATIVES ATTACK GEN. GRAZIANI Rebellious Ethiopians Try to Assassinate Italian at Addis Ababa. ROME, (/P) ---Marshal TlodoUo G r a z i a n i , viceroy of Ethiopia, was slightly wounded by a hand grenade, an official communique announced Saturday, when rebellious n a lives at Addis Ababa attempted to assassinate him as he presented them with gifts. Many others, including the Abuna Cyril, coptic bishop of Ethiopia, were gravely wounded, the announcement said, when the natives hurled the grenades during a huge celebration of the birth of Prince Vittorio Emanuele, future emperor of Ethiopia. Come for Gifts. The Ethiopians penetrated the gathering nl noon Friday, the com- munique declared, as if coming up for gilts distributed in Ihe baby prince's honor. As the ceremony was about to mil, they drew Hie grenades from beneath llieir white shammns and threw them at the group surrounding the viceroy on the rostrum. The officials were knocked o£f, their feet by the force o£ the explosions and when Graziani picked himself up lie found he was slightly wounded by the fragments. Officer Lies Unconscious. Aviation General Aurelio Liotta, chief of the Italian East African air force, lay unconscious at his feet, seriously wounded, beside the Abuna Cyril and several native chieftains in their colorful costumes. The tremendous contusion covered the escape of ihe bomb throwers. The viceroy, dressed in his grey- green marshal's Uniform, had just finished nn address when the attempt was made. It was his first appearance after his return to Addis Ababa from a recent two-week tour of southern Ethiopia. FAVORSLEASING LAND ILD FOR NOTPAWTAX Southerner Sees Way to Set Up Permanent Farm Communities. By PAUL D. SHOEMAKER Associated Tress Farm Editor. DES MOINES, (/P)--Edward .T. Meeinan, editor of the Memphis Press Scimitar, suggested Saturday a plan whereby slates can aid the federal government in its farm tenancy problem by developing permanent farm communities on stale owned tax delinquent land. Editor Mcetnan presented' his plan in an address prepared for delivery before the National Farm Tenancy institute. As suggested by Mr. Meeman, states would not sell the land in fee simple, but instead would lease it to qualified farmers for an indefinite period and thus "initiate a sound land policy." The land would be leased under such terms that the user would not be placed in an insecure ownership, he said, but in secure possession of it. Security of Possession. "t.et the security of possession," he said, "not depend on the whims of weather and the market but on the practice of sound methods ot f a r m i n g and soil conservation. Let the lease not be subject to trans- ' fesidSit" fai-'merT satisfactory to the supervising"--slats"- v aii'd -: -federal agencies. "In many cases," he said, "these state lands are in large enough tracts for establishment of a permanent farm community. Where they are, or can be so made by a swapping process, the states should, with the help of the federal government, plan such a community. One of. the curses of farm life has been its social Isolalion. Another has been ils economic Isolation. Such Isolalion will be avoided if such a large tract is divided into individual Iracls in such a way that the houses can lie close logcthcr. Will Have Advantages. "In such a setup the farmers w i l l have whatever advantages in both individualism and co-operation. In such communities could be provided health and recreation facilities equal to those now available in cities." The editor continued, "states by co-operating with the federal government in such a program, will lay the foundation for a rural civilization, which is the only kind that will renew itself and endure." Referring to statements that some southern tenants and sharecroppers are "shiftless because o£ heredity or pure cussedncss," he said, "we shall not know how large or how small Ihis group Is u n l i l we remove Ihc olher causes of. shiftlessness. One such cause is the lack for 'incentive for Improving their condition. Education and agricultural training doubtless will make a striking change in many of the tenant and sharecropper class." Scares Supreme Court. Edward O'Neal, American Farm Bureau Federation president, told the institute last night the supreme court is one branch of the government that lias thrown too many rocks in the road of the farmer." i Referring lo t h e supreme court's AAA decision, O'Neal said "there's nobody here who consid 7 ers agriculture a local problem." Right now, he said, "we're having one hell o£ a time in Washington writing farm legislation that will be in keeping wilh present laws." -, He urged thai Federal Land banks be permitted to loan money on farms operated by owners, and declared himself in favor of homestead tax exemption. Italians Storm Theater Showing Ethiopia Film SHANGHAI, (fP) -- About 200*with the"Italian conquest o£ Ethien, identified by authorities as opia and seized the film. One su£- Italian civilians and sailors from an Italian man-of-war at anchor here, stormed a motion picture theater Saturday and ,routed the audience with gunfire, ammonia bombs and clubs. They slugged two Russian film projection operators showing a ;IUi5sian made picture dealing fered a broken arm, the other a gash on the head. Before Chinese police, British settlement authorities, Japanese marines and Italian officials arrived at the Isis theater, on the border of the international settlement, Ihe mob had wrecked the interior of the place and flccj. Lost Since Flood Uave you seen this woman, Ellen Smith, a flooil refugee? This photo of Mrs. Smith, aged 90, of Oscehla, Ark., was taken b.v , Michael Barren, .Central , . - : . rrpuiids^^al Memplijs, · Tenn., 5cy6ral~\VccKs ! isrb: "Since/then, (he American Red Cross Jias searched for Mrs. Smith without success. Any news ot the woman should be sent li Mrs. W. B. Burke, Missinjr Persons Bureau, American Red Cross, care of the Auditorium, Memphis, Tenn. PAIR ARRESTED AT WHITE HOUSE Youlli Group Heads Accused of Violating Permit to Parade. WASHINGTON, (/P)-- Police arrested I wo leaders of the American Youth congress near the white house Saturday and charged them with violating their permit to parade. The men, William HInckley, 25, and Abbott Simon, 21, of New York, were sitting down with a group of followers in the street just south of the executive mansion when the arrests were made. They had a permit to parade Ihrough downtown streets past Ihe mansion. Simon; the orfiimi/.alion's na- lional legislative counsel, said lie and Hincklcy, who is national chairman, were awaiting arrival of a covered wagon containing petitions to be presented *to the president. Simon and Hincklcy were at the head of the parade; the wagon was at the end. As the crowd of youths, estimated by police a t . 500, sat 'in the middle of Executive avenue--the thoroughfare that swings back of the white house--they chanted "Pass the American youth act." The measure, pending in congress, would provide $500,000,000 for work and schooling for young people. Five delegates left the petitions to the president at the white house after the arrests of their leaders. Twins and Fire in Same Iowa Family MUSCATINE. (/P)--Events happen s w i f t l y In Ihe Dodder family, living near Letts, 12 miles from here. Friday morning the farm home of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Dodder burned lo Ihe ground. Mr. and Mrs. Dodder went to the home of a son, Merle Dodder, to stay temporarily. The Merle Dodder household was further increased by two Saturday morning when the stork brought twin sons. Six Killed When Ore, Powder Trains Meet SAN FRANCISCO, (/P) -- Six- men were killed when an ore train rammed a powder train at the Walker m i n e in Plumas county, Ihe department of industrial relations here was informed .Saturday.- 2ND ROOSEVELT TERM IS OFF TO STORMY START President's Program Jams Up Behind Debate Over Court Scheme. By EDWARD .1. DUFFY WASHINGTON, (/P)--The second Roosevelt administration, a month old Saturday, has encountered a stormy beginning compared with that memorable start of the first term in 1933. The president has emphasized his objectives, in repeated messages to congress much as he did four years ago--basic economic and agricultural reforms, long time planning, aclion rather than delay. But whereas his leadership was accepted readily in the aftermath of the 1933 banking crisis, now ihe program Is jamming up behind differences over the one issue: Should the supreme court be enlarged to foster what Mr. Hoose- velt called "a liberal interpretation" of the constitution? Fairly Clear Field. The president, who refers to himself at times as a quarterback, generally was believed to have a fairly clear field at the capilol when congress convened. With little opposition congress quickly banned arms shipments to Spain, extended the reconstruction corporation's lending powers and presidential authority over the 'dollar,'"enacted "tn"e v " 5950,000,000 relief - deficiency'::"·· appropriation 1 , and provided"?50,000;000. for seed loans. The house voted lo extend the reciprocal tariff act. Administration leaders in the senate have predicted similar aclion there. Much in Common. On such matters, the last month had much in common with March, 1D33. About all the president had lo do to get authority then was to ask for it--power over banking, establishment of the civilian conservation corps, and reduction o[ expenditures by $400,000,000 a year. Wilh his-second term at hand, however, the question was how social legislation could he drafted to conform to the constitution as interpreted by the supreme court. Mr. Roosevelt said only, "means must be found to adapt our legal forms and our judicial interpretation to the actual present national needs." He recommended reorganization of the executive departments. There the program rested until in his inaugural address he spoke again of the need for fundamental social legislation. WouUl-Bc Tacklers. Congress scarcely started work on his six year, $5,011,000,000 Public Works Program before Die unpredicted judiciary reform proposals appeared. Instead of n clear field, thn president found would-be tackier.*; in his own party ns well as among the republicans. In the senate, 30 are on record against h i m , 29 in support and 37 not committed. Advocates of his plan argued t h a t federal judges are overburdened and those over 70 who decline to retire should be assisted by appointment of younger additional judges. This would make possible enlarging Ihe supreme court from nine to 15 justices. Some hitherto strong Roosevelt supporters, although backing the rest of his judiciary program, denounced the supreme court change as bad in principal, dictatorial. Fight Gets Warmer. While the argument waxed warmer, the president submitted the report of his drought committee, saying a new economy must be developed in drought afflicted territory. Then followed recommendations for f e d e r a l and stole aid for tenants lo become farm owners and for a system of crop insurance. "Most Americans believe thai our form of government does not prohibit action on behalf of those who need help," Mr. Roosevelt said. Inslead of conferring with groups as on those March evenings in 1933, the president consulted individual senators and representatives on the court issue. Report His Attitude. They reported his attitude substantially as follows: We want to go ahead with business, labor and farm legislation, but a narrow construction of (he constitution bars our path. An amendment would take too long, could be prevented by 13 states. This method for realizing our objectives is con- Have You Read Your Newspaper 1. Of what was Walter (Dusty) Rhodes of Iowa City accused? 2. How many members of each party were there in the Iowa house of representatives following the settlement of all election contests? 3. A man was slain in the holdup of a dice game two miles east oC what Iowa town? ·1. What screen hero asked his creditors lo meet him in an al- tempt to decide on a raethod oC settlement? 5. What former governor of Indiana and former national commander of the American Legion was named high commissioner to the Philippines? 6. In what nation were three men accused of high treason beheaded? 7. A testimonial dinner attended by 1,700 was held in Washington for what politician? 8. What two heavyweight prizefighters are signed for a bout in Chicago June 22? 9. Seven marines were killed in a gun explosion aboard what U. S. training ship'.' ' 10. Which Iowa senator lias come out in opposition to President Roosevelt's court reorganization plan? (ANSWERS ON PAGE 2) KRASCHELTALKS ABOUMEERLAW Governor Sees Considerable Dissatisfaction Wilh Present Act. DES MOINES, (/P)--Gov.. Nelson G. Kraschel said Saturday "there is a good deal of dissatisfaction with the operation of the present beer law in Iowa" and added that beer legislation is one of .(he chief problems still confronting the legislature. "T o w n councils h a v e n o t handled the problem as was intended and expected." Krascdel said. "It might be well lo provide some new control over town councils." KrasciicTs remarks on Ihc beer aw were a part ot his weekly radio address in which the governor said other problems as yet undis- posed of included a "program of protection and conservation" for Iowa lakes and state parks. Insane Commissions. The governor also said one question which . the legislature might take up was the operation of county insane commissions "who sometimes commit persons to state institutions without knowing" whether they are insane. "Sometimes even families bring pressure to have one of t h e i r own members committed to an institution," he adcleci. "I am confident, however, t h a t the legislature w i l l dispose of these problems in n . f i l l i n g manner." HomcsieacI Tax Bill. He described senate action in passing ihc homeslcad t a x exemption bill as a "new and important mileposl in the history of Iowa" and indicated he was confident the house will act favorably upon tha measure. The governor likewise pictured passage by the senate of the farm- to-market road bill as "one of the most constructive moves in behalf of road construction," and said that to provide additional farm-to-market road financing "we propose to levy a lax on trucks." COLDTOREDUCE FLOOD DANGERS IN SOUTH IOWA Farmers Along Des Moines River Near Tracy Move Their Livestock, DES MOINES, (/P) -- Ice gorge formed floods backed over the banks ot two Iowa rivers Saturday, but the weatherman forecast :older weather that would halt the 'unotf ot thaw water and reduce 'lood danger over the week-end. Several farmers living along the Des Moines riyer bottom between Tracy and Eddyville moved their livestock and household goods lo higher grounds the the rivet- spread out above a mile long clam of ice blocks which started forming Friday. At Tracy, in southeastern Malaska county, .the river stood at 17 feel, three Ceet above flood stage, iind the back water was a half mile wide in places. Starts Breaking Up. Reports thai the ice gorge started breaking up Saturday morning s p u r r e d preparation t o r high water at Eddyville and Otturnwa. River men forecast Ihe rivet- would rise to 12 feet at Ottumwa, two feet above flood stage, if the gorge goes out fast. In southwestern Iowa and ice gorge in the East Nishnabotna river between Riverton and Hamburg .sent the river over 1,000 acres ot lowlands. The flood mounted two. inches during the night and farmers along the river started moving their stock lo higher ground. The Burlington railroad tried to dynamite the gorge near Us railroad bridge but the attempt lo start the ice mov~ ing;failed. v _';._,^^ · , i 'Hunk" Anderson to Coach Michigan Line ANN ARBOR, Mich., (/P)--Harry G. Kipke, head football coach at Ihe University of Michigan, announced Saturday the signing of Heartley W. (Hunk) Anderson, former head coach at Notre Dame and at North Carolina State, as line conch of the Wolverines. stilutional. Have you anything better lo suggest? In 1933, members of congress reported their mail was all on the side of the president. In 1937, some members say the mail is predominantly against him on the court question; others say it is wilh him. Still others apparently are waiting in the expec- (ation that public sentiment has yet to crystalize decisively. While it was -cloudy/TovteE'J'ili'e' state Saturday and snowing or" raining al several points, (he weatherman said it would clear off Saturday night and be generally fair over Sunday. Temperatures Saturday mornin? averaged 18 degrees above the normal. Mason City and Sioux City reported 30 degrees for the low, while Des Moines' 45 was Friday's'high. Saturday night, however, the weatherman forecast, tempera- lures would sink to 5 degrees'm the northwest section to 10 in the northeast, to 15 In Ihc southwest and to 21) in the southeast. R a i n f a l l reports included: Dubuquc, .2-1 oC an inch; Mnsnn Cily, .20; Davcnpnrl, .00; Keokuk, .10; Des Moines, .1C; Charles City, .15; Mount Ayr, .04, and Sioux Cily and Iowa Falls, a trace. Thaw Comparatively Slow. While the unseasonable above freezing temperatures of the last few days have melted much of the ice coating over southern Iowa, the weatherman pointed out that the thawing has been comparatively slow and that ice gorges form the chief flood threat. The Nishnabotna flood, however, forced suspension of railroad service on Ihe Burlington's branch l i n e from Red Oak to Nebraska Cily, Nebi-., by climbing over t h r e e or f o u r miles oC track above Hamburg. Seven miles north ot Council Bluffs, farmers repaired t h c Pigeon creek levee which Ihey said was damaged when North Western railway workers blasted an ice jam threatening a bridge under construction. Bridge Washed Out. A temporary steel bridge on n halt million dollar viaduct project was washed out at Des Moint-;. Engineers said at least part of the temporary structure would have to be rebuilt before work on the permanent bridge could continue. Thawing and rain added to the ice and flood danger at some points. In the Des Moines river area, Henry Mnrtsching, a farmer living 10 miles below Tracy, said the river was rising faster than '-it ever did in the 25 years I lived here." He moved his f a m i l y to safety. Senate Group Votes to Report Pittman Neutrality Measure WASHINGTON, (/PJ--The senate foreign relations committee voted Saturday to report the Pittman permanent neutrality bill. Only Senator Johnson (R-Cal/) opposed it. Senator Pittman (D-Nev.). author of the legislation, said he would submit the committee report Monday and hoped to bring the bill up in the senate for debate next week. The bill would set up a permanent neulrality law, establishing an A m e r i c a n policy t h a t warring nations which w a n t American goods must c orne and get them in their own ships. i

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