The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 31, 1944 · Page 1
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January 31, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ^ D E P A R T M E N T O F R H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S D £ S MOIItEi^L* THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION [TTITTri VOL. L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire (Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, JANUARY 31, 19M This Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section One NO. One Main's Opinion A Radio Commentary by W. EARL HALL Managing Editor Landing on Marshalls Japs Hint U. S. Forces mm Air Offensive Rises to New BROADCAST SCHEDULE I-KCI.O. SlibO.i O i l ) . S u n d a y . tS:U U [ K U M O . Hiunibjl. Tuesday. I i:!.' p m i KSCJ. Slum City. Wednesday. !: [». m. WStll. low» City, Thursday. 7:15 p. m. I.WOI. Ames, t'lldar. 2:30 p. m. [Do We Need in Easier Life? SOMETIMES I think it does all. of us good to get bumped out ' our mental complacency. That's |»^iat has happened to me and the force took the form of a jh-sonal letter written by my old diversity philosophy professor, tctor G. T. W. Patrick, now ap- Ipaching the 90 year mark at his ne in Palo Alto, Cal. First a Jtle background about Prof. Pat- Rk, then .the thought-provoking ·srpt from his letter; [It-would be my guess that no- dy in the 100 year history of the fiiyersity of Iowa has contribul- ' more to the institution's scho- jstic prestige than George T. \V. (ttrick. I think of one or two ho have approached his corltri- Iition but none who has sur- Issed it. Referring to his early f.ys on the University's faculty, te of my friends has said this , Doctor Patrick: l"At the time I attended the uui- Jrsity, it was numerically a small stitution. This was in the 80's. (think there were between 600 |d 70ft students all told. But we ·e blessed with a galaxy of leat teachers, whom it would be Itficult (o surpass any time, any lace. Among the greatest of them |l was George T. W. Patrick, pro- or of philosophy. I think he as the greatest teacher I ever under. Though frail in body |day. he is as keen of mind as he er was. He performed a service inestimable value and brought feat distinction to the university." his appreciation of Doctor Pat- ]pk's teaching genius touched on early days at Iowa, shortly [ter he had left Yale as a gradu- I studied under him some 40 lars later. 1 count him one of fi'most amazing minds I've ever own, a man possessed of that Explicable genius which makes acquisition of knowledge an istible adventure. In this [I've Nipponese Claim Furious Fighting Now in Progress ,the thought of him as possess- e' qualities which marked ' ' By UNITED PBESS Japanese imperial headquarters reported Monday that powerful American forces are attacking the Marshall islands athwart the eastern invasion route to Japan and said "furious fighting-is now in progress" between Japanese garrisons and "enemy troops." The implication was plain that United States invasion forces had gone ashore in the Marshalls and had met with at least some initial success in establishing footholds: Even before the 'Tokyo radio broadcast a communique reporting that "powerful enemy troops since Sunday morning have raided the Marshall islands," American fleet headquarters in the Pacific revealed that the air-sea assault on the islands had mounted to a pitch of intensity regarded as a possible forerunner to invasion. Soon after U. S. Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor announced that a big task force including aircraft jcarriers iind possibly battleships shelfed and bombed the Marshalls Saturday and Sunday, radio Tokyo began a series of broadcasts reporting "fierce" and "heavy" fighting in the area. Speculation that American Invasion troops may have landed on one or more of the atolls was touched off by Tokyo's varied references to Japanese army units or army troops joining n a v a l forces in engaging the enemy. It was possible, however, that the Japanese were fishing for information as to the task force's ultimate objective. The P e a r l Harbor announcement told only of shelling and bombing attacks on Kwajalein. Maloelap · and Wotje atolls over the weekend and did not disclose whether the nnvai armada still was in th'e Marshalls waters. . - , A London broadcast said- that American warships were pump- HEAVY SURFACE FORCES POUND NIPPON ATOLLS Record Task Force Continues to Hurl Shells at Islands Pearl Harbor, (IP)--What may be the greatest naval task,force in history hurled hundreds upon hundreds of tons of explosives for the 2nd consecutive day Sunday on the cringing Japanese defenders of the invasion-threatened r"- Greece's len era of the intellect- ': '-..._-· i MUCH by way of introduction I to Doctor Patrick. Now let me you, as I was jarred, by dip-" into Doctor Patrick's letter f somewhat extended excerpt: |'We shall win the war, as is ter'. more evident than ever, but lias ting and threatening effects In the whole of Europe, and in- §d upon ourselves, no one can estimate. The realization of disaster very few if any peo- [yet realize. economic and political con- hences are wholly beyond me ·write about. They may be |lesome, which' I doubt; they be revolutionary or terrify - · T do not know. Much more or taut, as it seems to me, are noral, biological and social equenccs. . Idorals and manners have both Icred a slump already in this Our culture, our ideals of |i behavior, our temperance, our ed , speech have suddenly ped to a lower level. Gambl- drinking and profanity have rned in a rush. Respect for lan's virtue has.fallen. these evils follow upon . you will say, and always 5 done so. They will disappear i the coming of peace. But the ible goes deeper. The kind of lety which the blue-printers are ming is not the kind of society :h the nature of man requires, being planned by economists politicians without making inquiries o f - t h e psychologists 'students of history or anthrop- rjy. What is planned is this: out production of useful with constantly increasing [Sumption of these goods. Work be provided for all, even if rnment has to do it. There's good wages, plentiful leisure security for all against uiicm- mcnl. sickness and old age bility (also provided if neces- by the government). WE ARE all lo be producers and consumers. Work will be ijely on t h e . production line [ixtdgcry) and leisure will be - spent in some form of en- ainmcnt such as. can be bought our plentiful money. Hence at I envisage for the society of j future as planned by the blue- linters is something like this: ("More and more willingness to fpend upon the government: |:re and more careless dissipating our national resources; more |.d more people sitting in cx- l-nsivc automobiles with softer Id softer springs; more and more Ipendcncc upon sulfa drugs, an- |.eptics and anesthetics which ve us protection from disease |thcr than the power of resistance it; more crowds of spectators J ting in bleachers watching other |ople perform; more and more women and children sitting novie theaters watching action /the screen, more and more peo- ,' old and young, sitting reading vspapers which describe what Jcr people arc doing; more and (Turn to Page 2) ·Ing; JUloiisands, otlshells into.. Ji _ nesc installations in -the" Marsh alls from less than -10 :miles "offshore". The first Tokyo broadcast referring to the fighting was-a com;-, munique from imperial headquarters transmitted in English by Domei and reporting thst "Japanese army and navy units have intercepted powerful enemy units which have been attacking the Marshall group since Jan. 30 and fierce fighting is now going on." Several hours later, a Tokyo bipadcast in Italian to Italy said the American forces had begun an "offensive" against the Marshalls at dawn Sunday. A Tokyo broadcast in German quoted the communique as saying that "troops of the Japanese army and navy" stationed in the Marshalls had "enaaged enemy forces in fighting." This version was recorded by the United Press in London. There was no explanation of the ''army" units mentioned the dispatch, but early invasion of the Marshalls has been forecast since allied air fleets began bombing the atolls in'the island group following the conquest of the Gilberts. A Pearl Harbor communique said a strong U. S. task force had attacked the Marshalls Sunday, Marshall islands. Adm. Chester W. Nimilz' com- munique on progress of the attack said Sunday night that surface forces -- presumably battleships, cruisers and destroyers -- had moved within 10 to 20 miles of the heavily-defended atolls to pound shore installations with thousands of rounds of shells. Carrier task forces loosed hundreds of tons of bombs in their 2nd day's hammering at Kwaja- lein, Maloelap, Wotje and Roi atolls. The enemy forces presumably were huddling in underground pillboxes and bomb shelters similar to those the marines found on Tarawa after the Nov. 20 invasion of the Gilbert islands 300 miles to the south. Other carriers harassed Eniwe- Lok, northwest atoll of the group, holding immobile by their heavy bombardment J a p a n e s e a i r strength that might have handicapped U. S. air and sea operations elsewhere. Aside from the brief commu- nique, no details of the actions were reported. Radio silence was enforced at sea for the protection of scores of ships-and thousands of men . thrusting" their way into the Heart of the enemy's islanc stronghold--a chain of islands the foe,has .been..fortifying since .the first WoridTwar.. ~. ".~ r -"·'_:: Controlling :;lhe - Marshalis -'-by mandate.- Japan has barred out- iders since 1938. Suhdayjs.,bom bardment marks' the 2nd time in j years that any allied ship' has beei within gun 'range- of the' islands; The cruisers and baiiieships am. destroyers w h i c h presumabl- made up the U. S. surface unit must have come within range o shore-based guns. That American warships coulc move so closely to enemy coast was a tribute to the 7th arm; air force--whose planes hav' pounded the Marshalls for 1 weeks--and to carrier planes wh IS Russians Are But 16 Mites From Estonia London, tfPi--German colonists were reported fleeing from the Baltic states Monday as the i'Cd army, which Sunday swept up 50 more towns and hamlets between the gulf of Finland and Lake Peiptis, raced toward King- isepp, last rail station short of the Estonian frontier on the line to Narva. Gen. Leonid A. Govorov's Leningrad army lunged to within 7 l /6 miles of Kingisepp with the capture of the rail junction of Yci- marn, only 17 miles from the Estonian border, a soviet com- munique announced. The village of Kotly, Ifi miles above Veimarn on a spur line to the gulf, also was taken. The Moscow radio said German colonists were fleeing along T ilh retreating nazi troops. In the Lake Ilmen sector 60 liies to the south, another red rmy was driving toward the ^enir-.grad-Pskov railway, after- eizing Veliskoe Selo. 17 miles outheast of Luga, a junction on ic vital line. Other soviet units icnaced Batelskaya, from where spur line runs to Luga, 18 itles to the \vest. In the Novosokolniki area still arlher south, Gen. Markian M. 'opov's second Baltic army was eported to have driven to within ess than 60 miles of Latvia, in hrusls west and northwest of \ T ovosokolinki, which fell Satur- tay. Moscow said more than 2."100 Germans were killed in the ighting for Novosokolniki. The Russian units which cleared .he final stretch of the Moscow- Lcningrad trunk line Saturday also continued to forge westward, seizing (he rail stations at Kast- i-enskaya and Yeglino on the Len- ingrad-Novgorod line. A German broadcast said the Russians -had nifldc fresh breakr :hroughs ' in some sectors below OF CASSINO PIERCEDBYU.S. Break Through Achieved Through Area x Flooded by German Forces By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters, Algiers, (/Pi-- American infantry and tank loams, surprising the nazis with a thrust 'across the Rapido river bottom deliberately flooded by the Peak; Berlin Again Ripped but did not mention any landing or attempted landing. It also was regarded as possible that the U. S. [leet finally had succeeded in luring the Japanese fleet out for battle. dumped their huge bomb loads 01 Japanese airfields. Maj. Gen. Willis H. Hale, com mander of the 7th AAF, re ported recently that several of th airfields had been left only 20 t CO per cent effective. Since then daily AAF raids have pounde the airdromes--followed by th terrific 2-day carrier bombarc inent. Eniwetok. reported hit only once before, is only 357 miles from Kwajalein; and all other atolls hit in both heavy carrier raids were in the heart of the Marshalls-within easy striking distance of one another if the Japanese could only have put planes into the air. ;he middle Dnieper river in the Ukraine. ..The-.broadcast men- tia»«i AJ'^ne^iqrliflef ehsi.ve.i-. strug- wlpfe'^nrrATirpnc- 1-l^^rtl^VL·pc^ nf Trivn- , ; northw'e'sl of Kiro- vogfad'.;", Southwest of Chcrkasy and "east- and' southeast o'f Eelaya The tiazis claimed strong sovie forces had been encircled in tin area south of Pogrebische in tin southwestern.' Ukraine. The Russians said Saturday that they had given ground to German counter attacks east of Vinnitsa, in thi same general territory. U. S. SUBS SINK U NIPPON SHIPS Jap Supply Lines Are Hit by Submersibles Washington, (iP -- The navy re ported Monday the sinking of 1 | Japanese ships, some of whic may have been endeavoring to re inforce . enemy positions in th Marshall islands in the' "Pacifi now being battered by America Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. air and surface forces. All of .the Japanese ships wen down after "attacks by far-rangin American submarines, but jii where the submersibles struc was not disclosed. Two large transports, whic could have been carrying troo] for-enemy positions in the Mar-! snails, were included among the 14 ships downed by American torpedoes. · ' The total also included B freighters presumably laden with badly needed supplies for enemy bases. The new report of damage to the battered Japanese merchant fleet brings to 572 the number of enemy ship sunk, probably sunk or damaged by submarine action since the Pacific war started. Of that number. 422 have been sunk. 36 probably were sunk and 114 damaged. Germans to form a barrier, have achieved a break through German defenses north of Cassino, allied headquarters announced Monday. While American fighters and bombers jyjored a record bag Italy in knocking down B.'i German planes in a series of flattening assaults Sunday on 4 enemj air bases in northeastern Italy British tommies and Americar rangers with tanks and tank-destroyer teams fought a string o sharp actions along the perimeter of the Anzio bridgehead and enlarged their grip on the strategic edge 19 or 20 miles below Rome The Germans evidently had ained time (o prepare a line o efenses through the Alban hil): long the railroad from Rome ti isterna. 2G miles southwest of thi ternal City, and the British -am mericans w e r e methodical!; lasting them out of hayslack.' ilos. farm buildings and village astily converted into camou aged pillboxes and forts. (A Berlin broadcast Monda aid a strong British-American of- ensive had been started from the u'idgehead. Dispatches from the iridgehead Sunday said the allies lad poured 6 infantry divisions nto the wedge, along with armor nd guns.) Despite the floods caused by the Hermans diverting the Rapido iver to a new course, American nfantry and tanks north of Casino on the main 5th army front. :aptured 2 key hills, Nos. 223 and :67. and fought their way into the 'illagcs. of Cairo and Monte Villa vhere they arc now mopping up. Cairo is a little more than 2 niles north of Cassino. and Monte Villa is just over a mile. :The American attack brolie through German defenses in the irea north ;.of · Cassino.. knq wn ^ a s the ^accfauo/moohtains, catcnipg Ihe German.-;-.by surprise," an allied headquarters commentator said. . "A 75 millimeter gun wjth ils crew of 75 was taken intact along with a prisoner bag of 42." Cassino still was being held strongly by ihe Germans but it was now outflanked from the north. Tanks, pushed' across the Rapido flood on a log bridge constructed by engineers working under shellfire, were of great assistance in smashing German pillboxes. A mile and a half north of Cairo French troops consolidated their gains in the Mt. Belvedere sector and probed Mt. Croce, which they found strongly fortified. Along the coastal sector of the main fifth army front the British captured nit. Rotundo, two and a half miles northwest of Cartel- forte and the 2.000-foot peak of Mt. Jucaii. 3 miles northeast of L'astclforte. British warships patrolling along the coast in support, bombarded the Terracina area and German transport moving from the main fifth army front toward the bridgehead. News from the brideghead indicated the Germans had dug in for 5 miles along the Cisterna-Rome railroad from a point 2 miles north of Cislerna. At a point 3 miles southwest of Cistcrna allied troops repulsed one .TAP PRISONER--Contrast tlie treatment received by this Jap taken captive in Burma to that accorded American soldiers after the fall ol: Bataan and Corregidor. A Yank captain has just given him a cijjaret after his wounds had been bound up and a warm blanket placed over him. Argentina Acted to Avert Revelation of Bolivian Coup Washington, (U.Rt--A United States threat to reveal that associates of Argentine President Pedro Ramirez, and Spanish legation officials in La Paz conspired with nazi agents t o ' b r i n g about the Bolivian CAPITAL AFIRE, RUBBLE HEAPED ALONG STREETS RAF Bombers Blast Berlin, Then Mtfsquito Planes Strike Ruins London--Hundreds of big RAF bombers smashed at Berlin again Sunday night with a holocaust of fire and explosives in history's greatest aerial offensive, which left the nazi capital and 3 other groat industrial cities aflame and heaped with rubble. It was the 3rd terrific blow in ' 4 nights upon Berlin, and mosquito bombers darted in after the heavy bombers lo add to the spreading ruin. U. S. liberators carried the blistering assaults into the 5th day with a bomb rain on anti-invasion installations in the Pas-Dc-Calais area of France Saturday. In 4B hoLirs ending Sunday, American heavy bombers operating from England and Italy poured more than 3,900 tons o"t explosives on the nazi war machine. U. S army headquarters disclosed. The liberator assault, boosting that massive tola, was the 8th straight allied daylight attack on secret targets in the northern France coastal area. Thunderbolts e s c o r t e d the bomber fleets, but no details were disclosed immediatelv. i It was the 11th U. S. heavy bomber raid this month, and the 20th allied big assault this year, this sector, representing the center of the bridgehead, while the British were ranged to the north facing Rome across the Via An- ziate. Weather Report ? FORECAST '.'^v' Mason City r Decreasing cloudiness Monday afternoon and Monday night: Tuesday fair: colder Monday night, lowest temperature in Mason City 16. slightly warmer Tuesday afternoon, Iowa: Decidedly colder with temperatures falling to ! below zero in north and 10 above in south by Tuesday morning. Continued cold Tuesday. Partly cloudy Monday night, becoming fair Tuesday. Diminishing winds. Minnesota: Cold wava cast and colder west portion with temperature falling to 5 to. 10 below zero north to 5 above south portion by Tuesday morning.-Continued cold Tuesday except not quite so cold northwest portion jii afternoon. Diminishing winds. IN MASON CITY GIobc-Ga7.ctle wcalhcr statistics: Maximum Sunday 36 Minimum Sunday night 25 At B a. m. Monday 27 Rain ' Trace YEAR AGO: Maximum 25 Minimum Ifi Precipitation .08 Snowfall 1.5 inches The figures for Sunday: Maximum Saturday. 42 Minimum Saturday night 25 At 8 a. m. Sunday 30 YEAR AGO: M a x i m u m 2!! Minimum 17 Precipitation .02 Snowfall .25 $ coup d'etat last :bec. ;20; helped to 'orce Argentina to break relation's with thehe_ axis, it was -. learned making January one of the greatest bombing months despite win- teif weather. , An omirioiis silence fell^oxer the whole of Germany in the wake bf.:4.days of nightTand-day bomb- The . understood _ _ Uitm Aiutricaii; gov'ernmenXs -last week " a ; documeiit r "reVcalirigf the conspiracy. This "document, along with other factors such as the possibility of economic' sanctions against Argentina, led (o that country's hasty severance of relations wifli Germany and Japan, it was said. Asked at his news conference Monday whether he could release the document, Secretary of State Cordell Hull said he could not do so at this time. He inferentially confirmed ex- BOMBARD MARSHALL ISLANDS--Big U. S. naval guns bombarded the Marshall islands, indicated by arrow on the above map. Claim Same Figures Produce 5 Different Income Tax Results Cleveland. (U.K--The Cleveland Press sent 5 reporters to the northeastern Ohio internal rev- ' enue office here lo get official help in making out their tax returns. The reporters, unknown to the collectors, presented 5 different deputies with identical statements of their income and tax payments with claimed deductions. The answers ranged from a refund of SI3.88 to a debt of 5246.10. Other answers were a debt of debt of S12.55 and refunds of $8.23 and S9.21. Thomas M. Carey, district internal' revenue collector, was "shocked" when he learned of the different answers and said he would "investigate." istence of the document, however, by stating that when the Bolivian-Argentine situation first arose, the United Stales and the other American countries began assembling data oil all the circumstances He said that because that document was confidential, and because he had not consulted the other governments about its release, he was not In a position to go into the subject at this time. It was understood that Hull originally intended to publish the document at noon on .Jan. 24. At 10 a. m.. however, he received information that Ramirez - w a s ready to break off relations with the axis if the United States would not publicly implicate Argentina in the Bolivian situation. Hull agreed. A milder 4-para- Rraph statement was issued, and 2 days later Argentina made good her promise. The document, it was understood, said that Jose Luis Arangu- rcn, chief clerk of the Spanish legation at La Pa/, and reputed to be a Spanish fascist, or falangist, distributed some $75,000 contributed by Argentine and nazi sources promoting the revolution. GERMANS FLOOD SUPPLY ROUTE --German forces (open arrow) have diverted the waters o'f the Rapido river, flooding the supply road behind Americans who have crossed the stream. British and French troops gained in the Cassino area and British-American 5th army forces have taken several towns in the invasion area south' of Rome. · ... . _ . : - ' Eddie Cantor Ends 24 Hour Bond Drive; Sells Total. .of-$37,630,075 San Franciscd. (U.R--Comedian Eddie Cantor, 52 years old Monday, returned to Los Angeles following his 24 hour sales campaign over radio station KPO during which he sold $37,630,075 worth . of. war bonds, S]4,000,000 more I than his goal. \ The banjo-eyed comedian ended his 24 hour talkath'on 'at 6 a. m. S.undajr, "tired, but the happiest Uced'l'vc ever been." At the conclusion o[ his program he sent the following message lo Hitler and Tojo: "Are you listening. Mr. Tojo? Are you listening, Mr. Hitler? Out- boys are out to do some roping and you're going lo be on the end. Are you quitting, huh?" F INJURIES Des Moines, (/P)--John M. Tree, 71, DCS Moines, died Sunday of injuries suffered Friday w h e n struck by an automobile. U was the 5th traffic fatality in Polk county this year. bomber blow at Frankfurt Saturday. -By I p. m.. however, German propagandists had rallied their forces and put out through the Transocean agency Ihe usual report of a "terror raid" bii "British | Huns" that caused heavy damage in wide areas o£ Berlin to-"residential quarters, cultural mpnu- ments, social institutirjns and public buildings." C o m m u n i c a t i o n s between Sweden and Berlin, broken Sunday, were not restored until midday Monday, and the first dispatch · reaching Stockholm said Sunday ? m|sht's attack caused "grpat damage." The RAF said "a very strong force" of bombers struck Berlin, still flaming Jrom assaults on Thursday and Friday nights. Thus Germany Monday began her I2th year under nazi rule with the homeland strewn with debris and death. Smaller forces of night raiders stabbed at other objectives in central and western Germany. The entire night's work which also included mine-laying operations, cost (he RAF 33 p l a n e s -- the smallest loss in the last 4 Berlin attacks. This indicated that the sustained assaults were proving a heavy drain on enemy fighter forces. The first British announcement o'n" .'Sunday night's Berlin raid failed to givc'lhe tonnage dropped but it likely was at least 1,500 long tons, which is about average for the heavy assaults since the battle of Berlin began last Nov. 13. That would mean that approximately 21,000 long tons of bombs have cascaded on the city in an actual bombing time of less than 10 hours. Sunday night's blow against the rcich capital was the 14th since the beginning of the "battle of Berlin" 2 ' months ago. The RAF night shift took over before the last of a great American daylight fleet had returned Sunday from dealing a heavy alow to Messerschrnitt plants al Brunswick and giving violent pasting to Hanover's great freight yards and locomotive, tank and aircraft parts factories. Meanwhile, Frankfurt, pounded by a record American daylight assault Saturday, was listed in Stockholm reports as morlally wounded. Interspersed with the major blows against Germany were daylight attacks on the French invasion coasl. and it was reliably estimated that the over-all air offensive had dumped some )7,000 Ions of bombs in less than 4 days. German losses aloft were as grievous as on the ground. The 4 big days cost the nazi air force at least 215 first line fighters against an allied toll,.up to Sunday night, of 164 aircraft, mostly heavy bombers. · (A.Tokyo broadcast heard by U. S. government monitors said "halt of ihe Japanese embassy was damaged" in the Friday raid,'but

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