The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 18, 1937 · Page 4
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February 18, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Thursday, February 18, 1937
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. IV. LEE NEWSPAPER · Issued Every Week Day by' the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Slate Street Telephone No. 3600 LEE P. LOOMIS - - . . - - - Publisher 'W. EARL HALL, - · - - - Managing Editor ENOCH ;;A." NOREM - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBEUARY18 · 1937 Entered as second-cJass matter April 37, 1930, at the post- office "at Mason City, Iowa, under the act Q£ March 3, 1B75/- MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which U exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited -in this paper, and all local Hews. · , ' · i Full leased" wire service by United Press, .MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, wtth Des Momcs news and business offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES * Mason 'City and Clear Lake, by. the. year ..,. S7.00 .._ ,, _ _ · OUTSIDE MASON CITS AND CLEAR L'AKE . - AND WITHIN 100 MILES OF M A S O N CITY Per year by carrier ....$7.0(T By mull G months ^$2.25 Per week by carrier $ .15 ~ " Per year by mail , , . , , . 5 4 . 0 0 Mason City and Clear Lake, by the week . . . . . ; - . . $ .15 By jnall'3 months ......51.25 By mail 11 month $.50 OUTSIDE 101) JllI.E ZONE IN I O W A AND MINNESOTA lcr Year ..$6.00 six months ..53.25 Three months ..51.15 IN AI,L STATES. OTHEB THAN . IOWA AND MINNESOTA I*er yr...$8.00 6 months. .$4.50 3 months, .$2.50 '1 month. .$1.00 Washington Atmosphere rpHE difficulty inherent in keeping a cool head '·*· a n d ' a proper perspective at Washington is interestingly. touched ,on. in .'a.,scries of articles in the Saturday.Evening Post done by Eleanor Wilson McAdoo, daughter of Woodrow Wilson. Prompted by the'thousands of letters received by her-father begging for jobs or making some silly. request, the daughter once asked the president: "Is everybody in the United Stales either crazy or wanting you to do something for them?" To this Mr. Wilson responded: "My dear little girl, there are 90,000,000 people in this country. These few thousand don't represent America . . . Most people are fundamentally honest and good--of that I am sure. · Don't let the few cheap and dishonest ones hurt you. You have understanding and intuition; use them . . . When the American people know the truth, they always decide right." . Then followed an illuminating slant on what the "Washington atmosphere" does to the public servant, In, high position, as reflected in some letters written by President Wilson during his time in the white house: "Washington is,. I should judge, the worst place in America to keep normal. One's perspective goes wrong, along with one's nerves." "No one ever remains the same after he comes to Washington. He either grows or he swells, usually the. latter." . "How does 'the game look to you, 'and the actors in it, as you sit at a distance "and look on at it?- It is more important to me how it looks outside of Washington than how it looks inside. The men who think in Washington only cannot think for the country. It i s ' a place of illusions. The disease is that men fhink of themselves, and not of their tasks of service, and are more concerned with what will happen to them than with what will happen to the country. "I am Viot complaining or scolding or holding myself superior; I a m ' o n l y analyzing, as a man wHl on Sunday, when the work pauses and he looks before and after. My eye is no better than theirs; it is only fresher and was a thoughtful spectator of these very things before it got' on the inside and tried to see straight there." The slant which President AVilson presented on Washington, done ; in the detached and disinterest, ed manner of a scholar, provides an interesting !| --·· background for an analysis of some of the national capital "happenings in these later days. Peace for Outsiders TITHAT the right and wrong of the matter may be between Stalin and Trotzky only a few insiders of the communist party may really know. Certainly it is becoming a serious quarrel, with Stalin picking off Trotzkyites. throughout .Russia, and with the exile in Mexico solemnly indicting the Russian dictator before the world-wide membership of the party. The "solidarity of the workers," as represented by "the party," is breaking down in mutual recrimination and intrigue, not to mention sabotage and murder. · . . : . . . · · i Last week's experience,, when Trotzky was to speak by telephone and radio to a New York communist party meeting, is a case in point. The' speech was delivered, but not by Trotzky. Some Stalinite in Mexico cut the wires. Evidently Trotzky knew What to expect, because he has sent a copy of his speech to New York as a precaution, and it was read by a lieutenant. So the plotting, counter-plotting, intrigue, etc., has been transferred to American shores. Soon, no doubt, 'the internecine warfare will be among us, too--as Trotzkyites take vengeance for their murdered comrades in Russia. Perhaps the rest ot the world, while not edified by the spectacle, may yet be pleased by it. So long as Trotzky and Stalin are devoting themselves to personal abuse of each other, and to picking off Each other's best friends, the world revolution may be delayed. The comrades so busily engaged in slinging the horrid epithet "fascist" at each other have no time to do a good job ot undermining democracy. These bitter arguments on doctrine between the comrades often last for years, and it is to be hoped that this one will be no exception. No wonder the workers of the world arc so sold on communism. It's solidarity and brotherly love, as exemplified by the persecution of Lenin's chief aide, by Stalin; and the bitter invectives Trotzky finds to curse .Stalin with, are compelling arguments! Who wouldn't want to enter the earthly paradise, where all is peace and plenty, and unselfishness and ambition never raise their heads? General Hugh Johnson charges that "every major policy of the new deal" is "calculated to prevent re-employment:" Will that fellah ever get around to making up his mind? That rattle you've been hearing may be some of our contemporary statesmen shaking around in their endeavor to fill the_shoes of Elihu Root. It's an extremely thin line between the forcible occupation of factory and home. If one's permissible the other easily could be. . If that "emergency peace association" is what it pretends to be, it ought to be over in Europe. That's where the emergency is. What would there be to keep another administration from boosting the number of supreme court justices to 25, 50 or 100? Herr Hitler is another who apparently never read the closing chapters ot Napoleon's life. . · Strikes are scarcely less an anachronism of our times than war. · ' Simile: Despicable as professional fee-splitting. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . . . by Scott PROS and CONS NOW YOU'RE TALKING, GUV'NEK Russell Waller In Algona Upper Des Moines: When Gov. N. G. Kraschet suggested three points to streamline Iowa's state government, he talked right down our alley. Kraschel advocated three reforms: 1--A four year term for all state officers including governor. 2--Non-partisan election, eliminating all connection with political parties, of members of the legislature and county officers. 3--Setting the regular legislative sessions one year after a hew governor and states administration takes office. The first suggestion would eliminate an unnecessary election for state office. Under our present system, just about the 'time a state administration begins to learn what it's all about it is necessary to wage a campaign for re-election. _ The second point is perhaps the best one of all. * or the past two years this newspaper has consistently asked why there was any sense in party designation of candidates-for state and county offices when the jobs they administered were in no way connected with national policies, but simply ad- mmistration of state affairs--lo the best advantage of the state, it was to be hoped. . T h . e linal reform is obvious. It would give administrations and new officers a chance to learn the ups and downs in government, before beins forced to contend with a state legislature Let us hope Mr. Kraschel will push his proposal; it will be a permanent'monument to himself, if he does, in behalf ot better government. WHAT A MESS IT WOULD BE Cherokee Times: Rep. Jens Thompson of Rolfe may be sincere in his belief that he has a plan that will improve highway administralion in Iowa Nevertheless, about the worst thing that could happen would he enactment ot his bill taking away from the governor power to appoint members of the state highway commission, transferring that power to a committee of !T9 diairmen of county boards of supervisors. In the first place construction and maintenance of state primary highways in a state affair and not a county one. What a mess we would be in with a commission of 99 members, each attempt- l? j ° 5 lc t, ate to members of a smaller commission And what:still greater mess we would be in if 50 counties in one section of the' stale should decide to spend all of the state highway funds in their counties regardless of the protests of the other 49 counties. Iowa's present system is as nearly ideal as possible. With a commission of five all sections of the state are equally represented and the body is small enough to be able to transact business expeditiously. And up to this time, at least, politics has not.been permitted to dominate its purposes. Iowa stands out among all the states for efficient administration ot its highway department. "UNDER THE BELT" Staunton, Va., News-Leader: These weaknesses in our judicial system can be corrected without a blow at the supreme court that a large section of the public evidently fears is "under the bell." Because of the revolutionary nature of many new deal proposals, the suspicion that the whole plan to revamp the judiciary is based upon an intention to pack the court in favor of those proposals cannot be downed. , 7 Ji , KEK Ik WORKS [i A5H6PrlE MADE. FROM WALF A ROWBoA-fi ADAMS .WIFE. OF JOHN ADAM5, UK l-f£t « c ENTOA , Pms ASSOCIAT10N( AR.E. WORK BY 'TftEL DEVIV KUR-Dl?AK MOUR-frXms, HottrfM op DUfUHqrtE.lR- DIET and HEALTH Ity SOfiAN CI.ENDENING, M. D; PHYSICIANS' VIEWS ON ADVANCES rpHE USE of surgery to remove the cause of high - 1 - blood pressure is regarded by a prominent Chi cago physician as the suggeslion of the greatest potential importance in medical science of the last lev. years. The technique is largely the work of Dr. Crile who has made so many idealistic suggestions U ^ medical science. If blood pressure is dependent on the elastic response o£ the large arteries, said Dr. CriFe, and if this response is controlled by the complex group of · sympathetic nerve ganglia which twine ivy-like around the aorta, and if these nerves are stimulated by the adrenal glands to throw the . muscular coats p the artery into spasm, why no remove the ganglia and break the vicious circle? The operation can. be done, bul it is a matter of great delicacy. WHY SOCIAL SECURITY IS NEEDED Clear Lake Mirror: One of the reasons why so many people in this country need old age pensions is caused by their lack of management and thrift in the years they could husband their resources. WHAT A BJfWBE LEADS TO Lake Mills Graphic: If his mother bribes him to be a good boy he will later rule his wife by threatening to get drunk again. DIFFERENT FROM AN AUTO Garner Leader: One thing about the horse. Nobody ever had to get behind him and push on extremely cold mornings. Thus far a number reported of successes opera . EDITOR'S MAIL BAG T How Far Will This Go? O SUGGEST that men past 70 years of age are proper subjects for the archaelogical museum is to invite some rather embarrassing implications about official Washington. In the case of the supreme court it throws an Unflattering light on six of the nine justices now on the job, including Chief Justice Hughes. Some of the most distinguished opinions ever written have been done by members past 70 years old, notably, in contemporary times by Justices. Brandeis and Holmes. Jn the senate there are 10 members past 70; in the house a dozen past 70 and a half dozen others about to turn 70. Among the senators who would be laid on the shelf is George Norris who Was virtually drafted by the president. California, with McAdoo, 73, and Johnson, 70, would be without representation. Right in the president's own cabinet are two antiques--Secretary Swanson of the navy department and. Secretary Roper o£ the commerce department The former was past 70 when he was chosen as a presidential adviser and administrator. Are we to conclude that the mind which is too old to interpret the law is capable o£ enacting of executing the law? Or, is this just a first step lo- Ward taking age out of government?. FROM AN A. F. OF L. SPOKESMAN MASON CITY--In re your editorial in the Globe-Gazette of Friday, Feb. 12, bearing the caption, "Who Won the Auto Strike?" in which you confess your inability to give a satisfactory answer when called upon by a querist, I am at a loss to understand why a person of your perspicacity should so suddenly become afflicted with astigmatism and fail to see any gains made by anyone connected with the auto strike. True, the auto workers lost to a certain extent in the loss of pay checks while on strike; General Motors suffered, likewise in a loss of income caused by idle factories; the city manager of Flint lost the opportunity of arming his office boy vigilance committee with shotguns and permitting them to run amuck in the streets; and the injunction judge lost his dignity because the settlement of the strike prevented him from confiscating the union's treasury and sending its members to jail. But leaving out the dollars and cents angle, let us look at the picture f r o m another perspective. John L. Lewis and the United Automobile Workers union have perfected an organization that eventually will be the sole bargaining agency of f u t u r e negotiations; they, have won their freedom from exploitation, coercion and intimidation and have the distinction of forcing the world's largest corporation to bargain collectively with its employes; they have won the right to wear a union button and join an organization of their own choosing for their future protection against the activities of Pinkerton spies and stool pigeons employed by General Motors. "Who Won the Auto Strike?" The next time the question is asked, Mr. Editor, just remember that the winning of a strike is not always based upon dollars and cents; in this instance the bill of rights guaranteed to every free American citizen was the main objective; the matter of wages and working conditions will come later. Very truly yours, r · CLINT W. H1CKOX, President Mason City Trades and Labor Assembly lion, but all in the hands of very skilled surgeons. "The biologic proof, offered by Crile, of, the vital influence of the endocrine glands, notably the adrenals, in raising the blood pressure, is the fact that in the lion, most active of the animal creation with rapid blood circulation, the ratio of the weight of the adrenals to the" entire body weight is 1 to 22,000, while in the sluggish crocodile it is only 1 to 280,000." . · . · The theoretical basis ot such procedures for the relief of high blnod pressure is far from complete. Not only is there spasm, but increased thickness in the walls of the blood vessels when high blood pressure comes and, removing all the spasm-producing nerves will not change the latter. Still, when the possibility of helping one of the gravest and most widespread diseases to which the human body' is subject is at stake, any experiment · which migh: have some possibilities is worth trying. A far more important, but still theoretical piece of research, seems to me to be the recent announcement o£ Dr. Wendell Meredith Stanley, o£ the Rockfeller Institute, that filterable viruses are large protein molecules. The American Association for the Advancement of Science thought enough of this to award Dr. Stanley its $1,000 prize for original research. To realize what this means, recall that we have always assumed that infectious diseases were caused by the inlroduclion into the body of bacteria, which are living cells, and by their multiplication cause a specific disease. For a large group of diseases, ranging from the common cold to infantile paralysis, no germ can be found, but they can be reproduced by viruses which cannot be. seen under the microscope. Now these viruses are shown not to be living matter at all. If left alone in nature they are inert. But when In contact with living tissue-- plant or animal-- they multiply just as if they were alive. And under certain conditions they may change their crystallization form and then cause an entirely different disease. They are the largest protein molecules found in nature. That these inert substances should be able to multiply and cause disease just like bacteria or fungi is one of the strangest ideas of modern times. TOMORROW By CI.ARK K I N N A m n Notable Birllis- 1911 in Tasmania, Merle Ofaeron -Estelle O'Brien Thomson, b. photoplay actress known as Newcomb Carlton, b, 1869 in Elizabeth, N. J., chairman of the board, Western Union Telegraph company, nee New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph company . . . Sven Anders Hedin, b. 1865, Swedish geographer and explorer famed for (ravels in Asia . . . Thomas Donald Campbell, b. 1882 in Grand Forks, N. D., Montana farmer who actively farms the largest amount of land of any farmer in the world 95,000 acres . . . Benjamin Perceval Schulberg, b. 1892 in Bridgeport, Conn. . . . John H. Fahey, b. 1873 in Manchester, N. H., chairman Federal Home Loan bank board, Home Owners' Loan corporation, Federal Savings and Loan Insurance corporation'. Feb. 19, 62 A. D.--One of the known dates in Biblical history--that upon which the Apostle Paul was wrecked upon the isle of Malta (Melita)! Feb. 19, 1691--City fathers of New York adopted stringent measures to combat a crime wave: They ordered a pillory, cage and ducking-stool built! ONE MINUTE TULPIT--Hatred stirreth up slrifcs: But love covcreth a-11 sins.--Proverbs 10:12. EARLIER DAYS IN MASON- Thirty Years Ago-F. H. McDonnell left last night for Belle Plaine and Cedar Rapids on business. Mrs. Charles Van Note of Swaledale was in the city yesterday shopping and visiting' with friends. ' Mrs. G. E. Downing left today for Thornton for a visit with relatives and friends. Mr. and Mrs. George Kneis are visiting for a few days with friends in Austin, Minn. Levi Helm of Rock Falls was in the citv yesterday on a business trip. H. I. Prusia returned last night from a few days business trip to Odebolt. Chris Rye has returned,from a few weeks visit with friends at Decorah. Twenty -Years Ago-NEW YORK--A steel net designed to protect the port of New York from hostile submarines or other war craft in event of war was placed at the entrance of the harbor today. Beginning to night, ships intending to enter the port will b required to remain outside morning:, when a section of moved. ^MINNEAPOLIS--Fire destroyed the Dayton store annex today, causing a total loss until the following the net will be re- of $400,000. Origin of the fire is unknown. WASHINGTON--With the arrival of American warships at Santiago and Havana yesterday it became known that conditions in the island are most menacing and the United States may be forced to intervene to save the government. 1 EAGLE GROVE--Mason City was awarded the 1917 Boone Valley Interscholaslic Athletic association track and field meet today. Ten Years Ago-BOSTON, Mass.--Fidel LaBarba, flyweight champion of the world, today was recovering from one of the worst beatings of his career as the sensational unknown, Johnny Vacca, ripped his way to a 10 round decision over the title-holder in an overweight match. Hamilton's University of Cemmerce cagers won their thirty-ninth consecutive game by defeating Wartburg Normal at Waverly 27 to 13 last night Establishment of a general headquarters offic'e /,!,? V lldner Brothers' 19 chain clothing stores at 15% North Federal avenue was announced today by W. E. Gildner, president. John D. Willson left last night for a -few weeks visit in California with his brother, B B Willson at Long Beach, and his son and daughter, Cedric and Dixie, at Hollywood. Mrs. H. P. Widows left today for Oelwein for a visit with relatives. ALL OF US By MARSHALL MASLIN THE JOY I KILLED CEVENTEEN from 42 leaves 25 . . . Yes, it was 25 years ago that I sat on the river bank with my nfle in my hands and shot a kingfisher. I was just loafing with a friend of mine It vas a warm summer day. We'd been swimming and wed lam in sand for several hours, and then ve started throwing bits of wood and bottles in he stream and shooting at them as they floated away. There was no malice in Albert. None in W were j u s t ]azi| y P«tting in time. Then this bright bird flew overhead. I can ee him, after all these years, flashing his. lovely vings against the sky. I said to Albert: "Watch Tie hit him." He said, "Bet you can't" . . . And with one swift motion, hardly aiming, I shot--and ie fell. Down through the green shadows into the lowing stream he fell and drifted away fluttering us wings a little as he disappeared around the end. Albert was amazed and said it was luck I =-v it was luck but I said it was good marks- nship. I was proud of myself, and boasted jut how I'd shot a kingfisher on the wing. But after that summer, I hunted no more I nut my gun away and never bought another ' I ouldnt get that dying bird out .of my mind.' I orgot my skill, remembered only h i s ' d e a t h I ould shut my eyes and see him against the sky ee him fluttering to the water, and I imagined » looked reproachfully at me, who had killed him. had taken the joy of life from him, I had taken ie beauty of his presence from the world. And ittle by little I knew I had committed a crime, could make no excuses for myself. Twenty-five years have slipped away, and mil- ons of birds have died and the worms have eaten hem. And men, as well . . . And still I remember h a t dying bird, and still it seems In me thcro'd c less killing;, less cruelty in the -world, if every right joy we killed were as visible in death as hat dying bird I saw floating on the stream to ong ago. OBSERVING frMrA v ,l,mV«l,^,ftfta»Sffl?« Chicago Population Beaten by 6 Cities -suspect that many readers wish to population statistics here presented. They were obtained from Frederic J, Haskin, Globe- Gazette's information bureau director in Washington, D. C., and are based on the latest census in each case. It came as a surprise to me, and something of a shock to learn that there are six cities in the world larger than our Chicago. And who'd have guessec t h a t Leningrad, Osaka and Buenos Aires are larger than Philadelphia? You'll find a number of other surprises in this list of the world's 34 cities with a population in excess of 1,000,000. Country Population E n g l a n d V. S. A. J a p a n ,. G e r m a n y K.'JDS.OIII V.CtK.OUf) . . . - . 4.389,00(1 U. S. S. R. .. 2,-iat.OOI China 3,iyi,000 . S . I 00,000 U. S. A. .. France , . . U. E. S. R. Japan Argentina U. S. A. . Austria . . . U. S. A. . i Brazil China India . . . China . . Chlnn . Australia U. S. A. China ' , . . Poland . India . . . . Germany Canada . Scotland S'" I 11 TM ;;: I t a l y Italy llunpary- .. S.liGli.llllll ... 1,DM,000 .... 1.875.000 .!". I'.tioo'.ooo ... I.IHH.OOO ... 1.18(1,01111 ... 1.370,00(1 ... 1.300,000 ..., i,2:t(?,ooo ... j'.mo.'ooo ... I.IBO.OIIO ... J.ltr,',oilo ... i.im.ooo ... 1,110,000 ... 1,050,000 .. l.OliO.OOO .. 1,0.^0,000 .. 1.011.000 i,nnrj,ooo E n g l a n d l.fin.T.OOO S p a i n 1,00,1,000 cm* 1 Iondnh ~ Ne\v Y o r k 3 Tokyo 4 Berlin. fl Moscnw R Shanghai 7 Chicaro 8 Paris 10 Osaka 11, Buenos Alrrs n Philadelphia 13 Vienna 11 Detroit 15 liio de Janelr Ifl'PelpInr 17 Calcutta 18 Canton 19 Nanking -io S y d n e y ··11 Los Angeles 22 Hankow 23 War.s:xw 11 Bombay IS H a m b u r g 2fi Montreal · -R Cairn Barcelona 10 Home It M i l a n B i r m i n g h a m 11 Madrid What 1C Housewives Ran Homes Like This? submit that if a woman were to permit old, unsightly pieces of furniture to clutter up her home, throwing iway only those on which she oc- :asionally barked her shins, she would be considered a careless, slipshod housewife. And yet states will continue to narbor armchair laws in their codes .in til compelled by public opinion o do something about them. Revelation of the child marriages in Tennessee and New York, for instance, has led to measures that may prevent recurrence of such ncidents in those states. But modernization of statutes in he various stales would be a long j n d tedious process if each outmoded law must be dramatized by a news story before the change is made. The child-marriage inci- denls should suggest to state leg- slators the need for a complete checkup and, perhaps, Overhaul- ng of their individual codes. Toll Bridges Are Out of Step With Progress feel that about anybody who thinks the thing through will be compelled to agree with Fred White, chief engineer of the Iowa state highway commission, in his contention that bridges are a part of the road system and should be toll free. Mr. White is now "proposing an act which would enable his commission to work with neighboring states to get rid of tolls. Enough money would be taken out of the primary road funds to bring this about within the next 25 years or so. Toll bridges are an anachronism in our system of free passage between states. In every other respect state boundaries are imaginary lines. Why shouldn't it be so with respect to motor vehicular traffic? If the principle of toll bridges is good, there ought to be a toll for cuts through solid rock. Often this construction is about as expensive as bridge building. Consistency would require stationing a toll- collector at the approach to each of these places. That's an absurdity, of course. Why? Because we just haven't practiced the plan. That a road leads over a stream, even when- that stream divides two states, is no plausible pretext fot- tolls. Sm:h has been our story for lo these many years. It is our story and it's going to be our story. We are pleased, incidentally, to have such able company in our camp as Fred White. --o-- · Best Way lo Gel Out of Skid Is Not tr» Get In · doubt whether there is a more helpless feeling In the category of human experiences than the sensation which; comes to a driver when his car is in the middle o£ a skid. Many a motorist has skidded right into the lospital. The best way, of course, to get out of a skid is not to get into one. The next best--and it's a bad second, is to release the brakes, if rou. have applied them, and turn he f r o n t wheels in the direction oward which the rear wheels are sliding. An ace card in the prevention of skidding is to avoid applying the brakes with strong continuous pressure. Slow down gradually by alternately applying and releas- ng the brakes until you have tilled most of the momentum. Drivers most commonly re- ponsible for skidding accidents arc those who drive on icy and vet pavement as they would on dry concrete. Answers to Questions H- FREDERIC J. IIASKIN ·I^ASE NOTE--A reader can ftl the answer to any q u e s t i o n at (act By nt the maion C i t y Globe-Gazette's I n f o r m a t i o n Bureau, Frederic J. lias- Director, Washington.. J. c . Ptl , ase ,,,,,, thrcc ,.,, cents postage for reply. In what slates Is a holograph vill valid? D. C. A will entirely in the maker's own handwriting, duly signed and Jated but not witnessed, will be leld valid, if in the court's opin- 'on, the maker's wishes are clear md unmistakable, in Alaska and he following states: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Idaho, Ken- u c k y , Louisiana, Mississippi, Vlontana, Nevada, North Carolina, "forth Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia and Wyoming. What do professional shoppers charee? C. D. In New York City, (he charge or professional women shoppers s usually $10 for a full day. Figures are not available as to hourly ates or rates in other cities. How Ion? did It take to make he first U. S. census compared vith the time required today?-!!. The first in 1790 "required 18 -nonlhs; while the 1030 census was aken in 30 clays. Who founded Hie Bibliolhcqtic Vationalc? T. H. The French n a t i o n a l library vas founded by King Charles V, nown as Charles Ihe Wise. He made it a gift of more than a aousand historic manuscripts. What Is blackstrap molasses? I. R. The very lowest grade, made rom what is left after every pos- 'ble bit of sugar has been removed from the sugarcane by the ommercial process. It is combined n mixtures for feeding stock, and normous quantities of it are used n the production of alcohol. How many horseshoes made In J. S.? J. S. In 1935, (he latest year for 'hich figu/es have been compiled, 46,635 100-pound kegs of horse- hoes were made, valued at $1,50,478, compared with 812,730 egs, Valued at $4,217,604 in 3925. reduction had been declining un- 1 tho low year at the depression i 1333, when automobile and asolinc costs caused a return of he horse. In 3933, 311,398 kegs, igher than the previous year, /ere produced, but production ropped w i t h better times. What state has lowest eleva- on? C. M. Delaware. Its surface, if leveled, 'ould be only 60 feet above the ea. Colorado has the highest av- rage elevation, 6,800 feet. How many women both work nd run their homes? C. J. Of the nearly 11,000,000 em- loyed women in the U. S. more tan a third carry the full respon- bilities of homemaking. Arc (hern many accidents In i n t l o n picture studios? W. II. In one of the largest studios in 035 Ihe first aid department gave total of 8,291 treatments. Only ) of these were serious enough to cause the patient to lose time and only five required hospital attention. Name some of the detectives of fiction. W. M. Some ot them are: Philo Vance, Charlie Chan, Dr. Thorndyke, Ellery Queen, C. A. Dupin, Sergeant Cutf, Monsieur Hanaud, Father Brown, Arsene Lupin, Richard Hannay, Sergeant Heath, Lord Peter Wimsey, Hercule Poirot, Trent, Inspector Bucket, Reginald Fortune, Inspector French, Lecoq, Pere Tabaret and S h e r l o c k Holmes. When docs the World's fair at Paris open? C. H. May 1, 1937. What is pigeon's milk? C. G. A thick creamy mixture produced in the crop of the pigeon. It is not a real milk. How much property loss was caused in 1936 by flood and by windstorms? T. P. The weather bureau says pre- l i m i n a r y surveys show the total figure of flood damage during the year a m o u n t e d to .'?,') 13,963,700. Losses incurred by tornadoes and probable tornadoes amounted lo $26,744,500, and losses from windstorms oilier Ihan t o r n a d o e s amounted to £!?,fl57,2M. . When is the Chinese New Year? M. H. This year Feb. 11. Name a, book recommEnded by Alexander Wonllcott on the radio recently. ,T. H. "We or They; Two Worlds In Conflict" by Hamilton Fish Armstrong. . Parliamentary Law Are you often silent in a meeting \viien you would like to take part in its proceedings--silent because you are afraid of making a parliamentary blunder? Do you know ynur rights in debate, the kinds of motions you can make, and when to offer thorn? Would you be able to preside i[ you were suddenly called to the chair? These questions point to the value of this booklet, "Parliamentary Law." Send 10 cents for copy. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Fredric J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the booklet "Parliamentary Law." Name Street City Slate (Mail to Washington, D. C.) 'I - t ( -(f

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