The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 27, 1944 · Page 5
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January 27, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 5

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, January 27, 1944
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Page 5
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! Department Hopes idir Settlement of Russian-Polish Dispute Washington, (U.PJ--State department officials Thursday clung to hopes for an amicable settlement of the RussiaTi-Polish boundary dispute despite Moscow's rejection of "an American; offer to help re- «core relations between the two governments.- These officials noted that the Russian rejection was couched ir the most courteous language am was based on the observation tha conditions were not yet at the point where the good offices of the United-States could be utilized to the bfy\t advantage. , .suvjfctary of State Cordell Hul Jn revealing Moscow's reply,-em phasized that the soviet union had expressed warm appreciation of i the American offer to mediate the [dispute. I Some observers believed that Idiplomalic relations could be re- pstablished between Moscow and the Polish government-in-exile if f he' latter agreed to take in mem- llers of the Polish committee organized in . the Russian capital. Ifnce relations were restored, the "uestion of soviet-Polish boundar- Us tould more directly, and there- ire more effectively be consid- 2 Main Questions in Soldier Vote Quest Break Into Open By JAMES MARLOW and GEORGE ZIELKE Washington, tff)--The 2 main questions on the tortured soldier vote debate have been broken into the open: Whether Negro soldiers should be 'permitted to ballot and whether President Roosvelt would have an advantage over any op-'' ·\jlice Give Old Guns Id Fight Nazi Troops Cleveland, (U.R)--Guns that once filazed at gangsters on Cleveland Itreets soon will be firing at nazis lii the streets of Europe's occupiel aties. Arrangements have been virtu- lily completed for the transfer of nore than 20 obsolete revolvers belonging to the Cleveland police Qepartment to underground lead- pr's in Europe. ' I Alahough- they have outlived I heir usefulness to police here, Ihe guns are still heaven-sent pianna to the underground, which fcften has had to fight gestapo igents and nazi troops- with -lead liipes, clubs and kitchen v knives. As one 'burly patrolman put it, ' we've used them against gang- rAers here, and I guess they'll be lising them against nazi gangsters |ver there." ponent in the 1944 elections. More than a ye'ar of argument has come, down to this: Senator Overtoil (D., La.) said "Let's be frank. Down in the solid south we've got to retain our state voting qualifications to preserve white supremacy." And Senator Taft (R., Ohio) expressed fear that the servicemen would know the name o£ Roosevelt better than any other in a national election and therefore would De apt to write in the word "democrat" no matter who ran for congress. (It is likely that servicemen from 18 to perhaps 25 years of age can remember clearly no other president except Mr. Roosevelt since hie has been in office 12 years, the greater part of their mature lives.) Two ideas are implicit in what Taft said: Mr. Roosevelt will be 4th term candidate and the soldier vote--if it goes for Mr. Roosevelt--will s w e e p republicans ou^ of congress, providing ^rvicemen vote a straight democratic ticket. This is the score to date: Congress in 1942 passed a bill giving servicemen the right to vote if they first aske'd their sec- being violated, particularly among southern congressmen. (In spite of any constitutional guarantees of right to vote, oul a handful of Negroes ever get to vote in the south because of various restrictions and tests.) But if the 1942 and 1943 Green- Lucas measures meant anything at all they meant that Negroes from states where they neve could have voted in peacetime could'vote- now. and that poo white soldiers from states whic! required a poll tax could also vot persist despite Moscow's rejec-l ion--in cordial terms--of Amerca's offer to employe its .good ftices in restoring diplomatic re- ations between Poland and Kusia. Our offer, by the way, was not concerned with mediation of he territorial dispute. But supposing there is no agreement between the Russians and the Poles, and the Muscovites ust go ahead and reoccupy the erritory in dispute? Who does what to make Russia give up this land? The chief allies already have agreed that successful prosecution of the war, arid the maintenance of peace, depend on continue! amicable co-operation among the free of charge. There was cation in all deep-lying impli this: Would Negr big 3--Russia, America and Brlt- iu. It's generally c o n c e d e d among statesmen and other observers that a rupture of relations among the trio would mean another world war. This being so it would seem absurd to think that either the United States or Britain would go to the extreme of causing a break with Russia over a territorial change which already was a fait accompli before America came into the war. This doesn't mean, however, that the Atlantic charter declaration regarding annexations has been eased out. Mr Eden has reaffirmed it, and ii must remain" one of the cardinal tenets of the united nations. domination Papers for Mew State Senatorial District Taken Out Des Moines, (/PJ--Senators Robert Keir of Spencer and J. T. Dykehouse of Rock Rapids Thursday took out nomination papers for state senator from their new district in northwest Iowa. Since 1941, Dykehouse has represented 4 counties .-- L y o n , O'BrienVosceloa and Sioux--in the senate and Keir has represented 5 counties--Clay, Dickinson, Emmet, Kossuth arid Palo Alto. Under a redistricting p l a n adopted in 1941 and becoming ef- ective with the 1944 elections, i he district which Dykehouse has ·epresented will include only ,yon, Osceloa and Sioux counties. The number of the district will be changed from 49 to 24. Keir, whose home is at Spencer, in Clay county, will be a candidate from the new 47th district, which includes 2 o£ his old counties, Clay and Dickinson, andja county taken from the old 49th--O'Brien. 'The other 3 counties in Keir's old district make up the new 49th. They are Kossuth, Palo Alto and Emmet. No one has taken out nomination papers from this district as yet, but Rep. Theo C. Hutchison (R-Algona) is known to be considering the race. Thursday, Jan. 27, 1344 5 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE DIES AT MALLARD Emmetsbure;--Fuenral services were to be held at the Evangelical Lutheran church at Mallard Thursday at 2 p. in. for Gustav Julius Buettner, 84, who died at his home in Mallard Tuesday. The Rev. Carl Hinricks, pastor; officiated. Burial was in Rush Lake ccmeteryat Mallard. He leaves his wife and 5 children. lELIEVEEasonnilsoolhocliafo. Form _ _ _ medicated coat of protection BED bctvi-ccuekmandcliafingbed- A f i n r * clothes with Meituma, the Q||KLw«ooUiioK, medicated powder. troops who were allowed to vot in wartime be content to resum their old non-voting position one they returned to the south peacetime? So the senate hurdled all these difficulties by passing--not the Green-Lucas amendment--but an amendment to- the 19.42 law offered by a Mississippi democrat, ballot . There would be retaries of state for a ballot. This meant they had to write in for ballots which they filled out and returned. In spite of the hundreds, of IUSCULAR I ACHES-PAINS II For Quick Relief El * u » lw MUSTEROLE thousands of men in the armed forces in 1942 only about 28,000 voted by this system: But under that law no serviceman, white or Negro, was required to pay a poll tax or register no matter what his state requirements were. This became a vital issue as the important 1944 elections drew nearer. Having seen how few soldiers voted under their 1942 law, Senators Green (D.-R. I.) and Lucas (D.-I11.) last fall offered an amendment which would eliminate requests for ballots altogether. Instead, /a special ballot com- missioti would have sent out ballots for voting on president, vice president and congressmen only. This did not provide for voting on state or county officers. The ballots would be distributed through the army and navy which would have returned them to the commission for tabulation- Then suddenly there arose screams that states' rights were mission. Each state simply was advised by the congress to do what it could to help its soldiers vote. This seemed simple, but it wasn't. There are all kinds of in state requirements on Some demand poll taxes, some require preliminary registration; and ne do not print their until 10 days before election. How could a state, printing its ballots only 10 days before election, get them to some distant war zone? They couldn't. Now Green and Lucas come forth with another proposal the one indorsed Wednesday by the president, which would work this way: A federal ballot commission would be created; the various sec- AT There's no Question about Quality! You'll do a Better Job with the retaries state would the commission with the names of the presidential, vice presidential, and congressional candidates in each state. The commission would give, this information to the army and navy. They would distribute the ca,ndi- dates' names and ballots to armed forces everywhere. The servicemen 'could vote for candidates by name or party, and the ballots would be returned to the ballot commission which turn would send them back to the various secretaries of state. Then they could be counted or rejected, depending on the individual states' voting requirements. no Goiran REEDED -~* K V JAN. 17th THRU FEB. 5th O.P.H.REbERSE LOW-PRICED SHOES $ · ·· MACKENZIE «S*«! Leather softs! Hattering styles! RATIONED SHOES WITH- our A COUPON ... AND ...at a _ great saving/ CLEARANCE SALE OF 400 PAIRS OF HOUSE SHOES Values to ?2.5« Not Rationed Demon's Use Atlantic Charter Again for Emphasis By DEwrrr MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst Peculiar interest attaches to Foreign Secretary Eden's reaffirmation of the British policy of not recognizing wartime changes in the map of Europe --"unless t h e y take place with the free consent and goodwill of the parties concerned." The raison d" etre of t h i s statement, is the R u s s o - Polish dispute over the territory occupied by the soviet in 1933 at the time of the German invasion. Mr Eden was replying in the house of commons to a question- by a member. From long experience in reporting the proceedings of the house I know that questions sometimes are spontaneous and sometimes are inspired by the government in order to give it a chance to use commons as a sounding board to reach a wide audience. In any event, when you weigh all the elements of this situation it's easy to believe that the foreign secretary seized l this opportunity to emphasize something even bigger than the Polish imbroglio. It struck me that he may have made his main point when he said: "His majesty's government of course stands on the principles enunciated in the Atlantic charter." So, if I'm on the right track, he was concerned not only with the Polish trouble but with rcaffir- raafion of the Atlantic charter. And why should it seem expedient to reaffirm the charter? Well, many countries--especially in the orient--have been suffering doubts and are anxious for assurances that this document, which was drawn up by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill and has become the credo of the united nations, means what it says. One of the 8 points laid down in the' Atlantic charter declares that "they (Messrs. Roosevelt and Churchill) desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned." What is more natural than that the world should wonder whether this applies to the Polish affair and, if it does, just how it will be jmpl emented. There arc a lot of angles (o this question. For instance, who arc Ihe "peoples concerned?" Are the Inhabitants of pre-war eastern Poland to decide whether they want to be incorporated in Russia or Poland, or is the Polish government in exile to determine this point? 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