The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 27, 1944 · Page 1
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January 27, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, January 27, 1944
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'SAVE ME--I AM PAPER- I Am Ammunition For War-- Don't Waste or Throw Me Awry -·-·"'··· . . - . - . · . - . · COM? D E P A R T M E N T O f H I S T O R Y A N D A R C H I V E S O E S U O I N E S I* "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' HOME EDITION mrrnri VOL. L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON C1XV, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 27, 1944 This Paper Consists of Two Sections--Section One NO. Nazis Driven 40 to 60 Miles From Leningrad iciTYlNTIRELY 1 RED IN RUSS WEEK DRIVE 324 Guns Fired in Honor of Victory Over Nazi Invaders / tendon, (IP)--Russian Gen. Leo- lid-A. Govnrov announced Thurs- lay that Leningrad had been com- lletely liberated by the 2-week led offensive, HVith the nazis driv- In 40 to GO miles from the city (nd iriore than 700 nearby towns (nd villages freed. The exceptional honor of 2 lalvops from 324 guns reserved the greatest victories was or- liered fired by the guns of Lenin- rad for the armies, the people o Leningrad and the ( red fleet. "As the result of the fighting a ask of historic importance has een solved--the city ot Lenin[ -has been completely liber- , from the enemy blockade nd from barbaric enemy shell" said a special bulletin rc- orded from a Moscow broadcast the soviet monitor. The announcement was signed by General Govorov, commander [it the Leningrad front, Lt. Gen. ndrei A. Zhdanov, member o£ he military council for the Leningrad district, Lt. Gen. Fedor Kuznetsov, a member ol the military council for the Baltic district, [vlaj. Gen. Solovyev, chief oE staff pn the Leningrad Iront, and Lt. Leningrad~Moscow Kail line Breached La if fxape Route for Nan Farces 2-3RDS OF U. S. ARMY WILL BE ABROAD IN '44 Stimson Announces Plans to Close Number of Camps in America Washington, (.¥; -- As preset! I lans shape up, two-thirds o: America's steadily growing armj vill be at overseas stations by the end of this year. That was the word Thursda: Irom War Secretary Stimson as In announced plans for closing a number o£ domestic army camp during the next few months aiv the transfer to combat units of substantial proportion of the sol diers now assigned to administra live duties. ' The overseas expansion pro _ram will double our force abroad. As ol the end of 1943 only about a third of the arm had been sent outside the coun try. In addition, a number *of o f f : cers over 38, particularly thos commissioned directly from civil life or in the national guard and reserve corps, will be placed on the inactive list because "no suitable assignments are available or in prospect either at domestic or Nazis Repulsed in First Assault Launched Against Allies Near Rome Sen. Gussev. The German army's hold on REDS CUT: NAZI ESCAPE ROUTES --Boxes indicate where Russian forces have cut German escape railways northwest'of Volkhovo and southwest of Krasnogvardeisk, leaving 2 lines from Leningrad open to the south. But the Russians are within gun range of one line west of captured Ostrov. AIRMEN PROTECT INVASION--A group of Mitchell medium bombers hovers protectively over landing craft approaching Cape Gloucester, New Britain island, southwest Pacific, for the invasion of the Japanese-controlled island by American marines. northern Russia crumbled as 2 soviet armies, one driving south and Invest from Leningrad and the other pushing west from Novgorod, (slowly tightened a pincers threatening to trap some 250,000 nazi reaps massed below Leningrad. Immediately below Russia's 2nd rity. Gen." Leonid A.j Govorov's rmies · were ·' racing . toward the Estonian frontier': r f fallowing the (apture Wednesday of the big rail- ay center of. Krasnogvardeisk, 30 liles south of Leningrad.- They had stormed through the town of Kaskova, 24 miles further |vest, and were reported closing n" oh Volosbvo, 48 miles from the Estonian border city of Narva, il thousand nazi officers and pen-.were killed in the Krasnog- ardersk battle, a Russian cosnmu- said. I Other columns of Govorov's rces were blasting a path south Krasnogvardeisk with the evi- bnt design of effecting a junction |ith Gen. K. A'. MeretskSv's army nashing west from the Lake II|en region, 70 miles to the south, art effort to cut the Leningrad- itebsk railway, one of the 2 rail tcape routes open to the harassed lermans. The other rail line, fur- Iier to the west, leads into Pskov jid thence lo Riga on the Baltic lasl. ' I The great Russian offensive Ihich lifted the siege of Lenin- t'ad was now in its 14th day. In for traffic between the 2 cities within a few days. The Russian announcement of German casualties added 20,000 killed to the previously announced totals for the Leningrad offensive and brought to 55,000 the number of nazis killed on the Leningrad and Volkhov-Lake Ilmen combined fronts. Approximately 6,000 prisoners have been counted, the Rus- In his drive to cut the north- south escape. railways west of Lake Ilmen, Mereteskov Wednesday cleared the western shore of Lake Ilrnen by .taking the towns of 'Gqlino .and Capino, the Mo's- coyv war bulletin reported, -and widened his salient to the northwest toward t h e Leningrad- Vitebsk line. 9 miles:away. (Indicative of the scope of the Russian threat to the entire German front, a Polish' underground radio station Wednesday broadcast a report that the nazis have begun an economic evacuation of the city of Warsaw. German engineers, technicians and politicians, the broadcast said, were departing, "taking with them u hole factories--machinery, administrative staffs and the workers." The broadcast was recorded by NBC.) Hundreds of miles to the south in the lower Ukraine, the left wing of Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's first Ukrainian army was standing firm against repeated German counterattacks east of Vinnitsa and norlh of Kristinovka. Vatutin is attempting to push southwest to cut the Odessa-Warsaw trunk railway which is supplying German troops massed in the Dnieper river bend to the east. front Is Turned [into Quagmires ' Freakish Thaws Moscow, (If) -- The Russians lave reached the bank of the Lugai river west · of Novgorod a fravda dispatch reported Thurs- as the Leningrad army of |«cn! Leonid A. Govorov and the yolkhov army of Gen. K. A. llcrelskov continued to smash Irom,opposite directions into the liermxns' Baltic salient: The Luga is only about 10 is liles .cast of (he Leningrad- ilebsk railway., one of the 2 ernaining railways r a d i a t i n g lulhward from Leningrad that imain available for German use. The Pravda. dispatch said 3 erman regiments were defeated a clash on the Luga. sudden, freakish, warm thaw turned the front below Lenin- Tad into Quagmies, muddy roads. nlbcKed swamps and flooded levers, front, dispatches reported In weather, the like of which eldom has been seen in the Len- ngrad area, Russian troops strove rtightily to clear the last remaiii- v 35 miles of iMoscow trunk railway {German hands and make pos- l-iblc the resumption of direct rail a f f i c between Russia's 2 largest itics. ' · Its 'first' 12 days it had brought [leath to more than 40,000 nazis |ind had routed 10 enemy divisions -normally 150,000 men--on the Leningrad front alone, the Rus- LOSS CAUSED BY FIRE 3 Story Muscatine Theater Is Gutted Sliiscalinc. f.'P)--Damage estimated at SGO,000 was caused by fire here which gutted the interior of the 3 story brick and steel building housing the Palace-theater; early Thursday morning. The theater, which had had a capacity crowd Wednesday night, was empty so far as is known, when the blaze was discovered shortly before midnight. Off shift firemen were-recalled to duty and used 9 lines of hose to confine the blaze to the one building. One fireman, Robert Evans, was overcome by smoke and was taken to a hospital but was able to leave it Thursday. The structure was built in 1913. Loss is largely covered by insurance, Ludy Bosten, owner, said. Soldier Vote Amendments Are Filed Des Moines, (,Pi--Three amendments to the soldier vote bill were proposed in the house Thursday amid indications that the lawmakers" may not complete enactment of the legislation Friday night, as had been considered likely. Representative Harold F. Nelson (R-Siqux City), Representative. F. "A; IJitchaw v (R-Wilton Junction) and Representative W. P.. Kiiowltoti (R-Decovah) joined in urging that the legislation be broadened so that relatives of a person in service could requesl~an absent ballot for him for the primary election. The bill as originally drawn jermits relatives lo gel such a jallot for a person in service tot tie general election. Sponsors said hat provision was not included or the primary because relatives did not always know what party icket the person in uniform might vant to vote. The same 3 lawmakers said they favored an amendment under which the auditor would count the first state ballot received Irom a lerson in service. At present the neasure provides thai if there is duplication in ballols, all will be thrown out. Representative Latchaw urged broadening of the bill to extend the special absent vote privileges to civilians abroad who are connected with the war effort. The house met for an hour and a half Thursday morning and spent much of the time debating HENRXJL STEHSON ___ ^Secretary of -War SWEA CITY TO CHEER KOONS Home Town Reception to Be Friday^Night ' Swea City -- A p a c k e d high school gymnasium was expected here Friday night for a home town reception to Sgt. Franklin "Zip" Koons, first American soldier to set foot on European soil in this war.- He was a ranger in the Dieppe raid and in the current best seller, "Combined Operations," is credited with being the "first American to kill a German in World war II." The program will open with a band concert at 7 o'clock and close .with a Heavy Battle Is Expected to Develop South of Rome Washington, {IP)--A heavy battle probably will develop south ot Rome as the Germans attempt to drive the allied amphibious forces which landed at Nettuno back into the sea, Secretary of War Stimson predicted Thursday. So far, the position ot the allied forces is favorable and enemj opposition has been extremely weak, he said. But he added that there is every reason ^to expect violent- German reaction in an effort to save their communications between Rome and the southern front in Italy. The lauding last S a t u r d a y , Stimson lold a news conference, apparently achieved a complete tactical surprise. The only casualties in the initial phases came MORE ATTACKS EXPECTED SOON FROM GERMANS Goering Division Is Beaten Back as Allies Pile Up Men, Supplies BULLETIN Washington, (U.PJ--The German command in Italy apparently is concentrator forces for a new counter-attack against the allied beachhead in the Net tun o area and a heavy battle appears in prospect. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson said Thursday. Allied Headquarters, Algiers, (!P) --The first German counter-attack gainst the Americans and British ust south o£ Rome, the first oE ic many that probably will be unched in a furious effort to ipe out the allied beachhead, has een thrown back with the crush- ng of German armor, allied hcad- uarters announced Thursday. Men and supplies continued to ile into the strategic wedge hreatem'ng the Italian capital. Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's i or .estab- whether Thursday it should afternoon reconvene or Friday morning. It finally decided to meet again at 1 p. m. Representative Latchaw made the original motion to recess un- lil Friday morningr. statin? several amendments were being prepared and that the lawmakers overseas installations lishments." "The readjustments were dictated generally by the progressive shift of army operations from the defensive to the offensive and by the growth of air power," said Stimson. "As of Dec. 31, 1943, approximately one-third of . the army's strength was oi-erseas. By the end of this year it is contemplated that two-thirds of. the army will be overseas." With the peak of the -training program past, the army already has placed a number of its facilities on a stand-by basis, or announced that it intends to d p . so The air forces have relinquished 69 or more establishments, and the ground forces have begun to close up some of their (raining camps and other facilities, including Camp Atterbury, Ind.. Pine Camp, N. Y., arid the induction center at Fort Hayes, Ohio. Stimson did not mention these specific instances, but asserted that "the army will no longer need all its present troop housing fa- cililies and it will be necessary to place a number of camps, posts, stations and other installations on a caretaker basis, and to return many of the civilian, installations and facilities which previously had been taken over by the army." He announced that the war dc- City with . and .Algona high -schools, admittance by showing a Origin of termined. the - blaze was unde- :tic last remain- a l li wa y cn stin' a ?n! * owa Below Average in Sale of War Bonds in 4th Loan Campaign an communique declared. Govorov's veterans also had ened the last German strangle- · on · the Leningrad-Moscow Itrunk railway -- a o9 mile stretch ·between Tosno and Volkhovo. Tos- Ino itself was all but surrounded, land Moscow advices indicated the [raihvar nro'bablv Mould be open DCS Moines, W)--Iowa is below the national average in sale of E bonds and sales to individuals in the fourth war loan campaign, the state war finance committee reported Thursday. In E bond sales, sales through the nation average 22 \z per cen of quota while Iowa's sales ar only 19.7 per cent of quota. The national average on sale to individuals is 19 per cent o q u o t a while the Iowa f igur is 18.1. should have plenty of time to study them. He declared he thought the measure finally adopted should be adequate to cover all lowans engaged in the war effort and added "we, should lake lime to do the job right." Representative Arch McFarlane ,R-Waterloo) opposed the delay, declaring the legislators knew vhat Ihey were called for and had ad plenly of lime lo decide what Jiey wanted. "This house shouldn't make itself the laughing stock of the state," McFarlane declared. "If ve delay action another 24 hours .he house will be in the hoosegow of the whole state. The bill now before us provides ample time for most of those now in service to vote and after all it was the soldiers Ihemselves. who arc defending us, lhat the legislature was called upon lo prolcct." Representative Nelson countered that he didn't want "to take home any scars of half-baked Icg- islalion/' Latchaw said during the debate lhat 15 amendments were being prepared. Later it was disclosed that the total probably would not be that high and that many of them \voi*ld be minor changes of a technical nature. partmcnl has ordered physically qualified mcfi in all branches of the army who have a total of more than 12 months service al fixed stations or "overhead activities" in the Uniied States to be reassigned to combat units ' "or mobile activities ultimately destined for overseas service." Enlisled men under 30 will be reassigned first according lo their length of service in Ihe United Slalcs. and they will be followed by Ihose over 30, in order of age --youngest first. These reassignment orders will not apply to men who have served overseas at some time since Pearl Harbor, or to men "ZIP" KOONS --'Reception Friday currently purchased war bond. On the speaking program with" Sgt. Koons will beiW. Earl Hall, man- agipg editor of the Mason City Globe-Gazette. * ' Koons Appears at Legislature Des Moines. (.'Pi -- First Sgt. Franklin M. "Zip" Koons of Swea City, 'first American to fire a shot on French soil in the current war, declared Thursday he thought many of the soldiers on the fighting fronts would be too busy lo give much Ihoughl lo voting "but they would feel cheated if they had not been given Ihc opportun- from exploding, land mines, the war secretary reported. Where the Germans will get the troop'£.' to launch' -a heavy· counterattack is not quite clear, Stimson said," but some of them probably will be drawn from reserve garrisons in northern Italy and some may even be pulled off the southern battle line where the nazis are now trying to stem the 5th army's renewed advance toward Cassino. It is conceivable lhat the Nettuno landings and the expansion of that beachhead may force the enemy to abandon its present southern line, he said. But it is still rnuch too early to predict a disastrous defeat for the nazis and "It is sufficient to note.that our present position is favorable," he added. Reviewing the 1 strategy preceding the Nettuno landings, Sttmson said a heavy attack by the 5th army farther south pulled German reinforcements in that direction. He said 3 German divisions, presumably from reserves previously held in the Rome area, have been reported identified among the forces opposing the British, American and French troops of the 5th army. During the landings, Stimson reported,- German planes using controlled glider bombs "sank a brilliantly lighted and plainly marked British hospital ship." HEAVY RAINS BREAK DROUGHT Virtually All Sections of Iowa List Downpours ;Des. Moines, ,(yp)--Iowa's winter 'drought-was' broken Wednesday night, and Thursday by hea.vy rains in virtually all -sections of the state. Fourteen weather observation stations scattered throughout the state reported rain Wednesday night and it was still raining at every : one oC them Thursday morning, the Des Moines weather bureau office reported. Heaviest precipitation reported up to 7 a. m. was 1.B2 inches at Ames. Other reports: Iowa City 1.49 -inches, Van Meter 1.18, Des Moines 1.12, Fort -Dodge .97 of an nch, Sioux City .77, Charles City 65, Cedar Rapids .49, Dubuque 40, Mason City .53, Lamoni .30 and Spencer ..20. The mercury dropped to 32 at Spencer Wednesday night a f t c r liitting a top ot 62 at Des Moines Wednesday. Nazis Report Japs to "Retaliate" for Sinking of Hospital Ships New York, (JP)--Japan "is ready to take adequate measures in retaliation" American against the sinking of 'Anglo- Japanese entral Mediterranean headquar- ers announced that elements of he Hermann Goering: armored di- ·ision had been met southwest of Littoria, the chief town of Mus- olini's famous Pontine marsh agricultural development, in a "fierce ocal engagement." The Germans left 120 dead on the field as they were tossed back. The Hermann Goering division, formerly an armored grenadier outfit, has been strengthened by new equipment to a fully armored unit. It was last encountered on the main 5th army front. Its appearance on the beachhead -front indicated it had been shifted to counter the threat to the German rear. * . Meanwhile, other Americans ol the 5th army, 48 miles east of Lit- toria, continuing to uproot Germans, mines and meshed defenses, struggled slowly forward across flooded streams and over sleep crags just north of Cassino where field dispatches said they were within half a mile of the Liri valley gateway and were overlooking the bomb-jumbled ruins of the ancient monastery town. Patrols had penetrated the outskirts of the stronghold. · Some 4 miles farther north the French rushed down from their mountain positions on IMt. II Lago in flje Sant' Elia area, across the Sccco river and the Cassino-Alina road and attacked the Germans ou the slopes of Mt. Belvedere. Cassina itself appeared to have been largely abandoned by the Germans, but their positions on the rugged mass of Mt. Cairo and other hills nearby enabled them to rake the streets and ruined houses with their artillery. Allied naval units continued to exert a powerful control over the coastal roads by which Germans could shift their fighting front from the Cassino area . to the northern beachhead, and again ploughed up sections near Formia Tuesday night with their plung- specialized skills be utilized over- Koons. paled a ranger who partici- the raid on Dieppe, IS LIEUTENANT COLONEL Des Moines, (IP) -- Horace E. Pike, former assistant attorney general of Iowa and a former Des Moines and Waterloo attorney, has been promoted to lieutenant colone! at the Deming, N. Men., a r m y school. air forces bombardier with highly which cannot seas. "Replacements for reassigned enlisted men," said Stimson, "when necessary, will be made first from civilians, next by women's army corps personnel, then, in order, by men permanently disqualified for overseas service, men who have served overseas, recently inducted men with physical handicaps, enlisted men with less than 12 months service in fixed installations in the United States." As to the officers over 38, Stimson said "there are many'' for whom suitable assignments cannot be found, and that "army commanders have been notified that the retention of such officers on active duty is no longer necessary or desirable in the public interest. Therefore, if they cannot be reassigned they must be recommended for relief from active duly. Final decision in each case will be made by tl|e war department," "·'·- France, made his comment in an interview between addresses to the Iowa house and senate, which were discussing soldier vote legis- lations. Koons, who also participated in raids in Italy before returning home on a furlough early thi; month, said the toughest job o: any for him would be going back to his home town Friday for a bond rally. He declared it was easy for him to face a strange audience or a big crowd, "but I get stage fright when I have to so out before a small group in my home town." He added he was "flustered" when lie spoke at his former high school recently. He has been here several days speaking in behalf of the fourth war loan campaign. Koons was introduced in the house" by Representative Theo Hutchison (R.. Algona.) The soldier spoke briefly about the Dieppe raid, declaring that plans for it were made for two months; "but word got out atid it wasn't as successful as it might have been." "It was a wonderful thing to have been there," he added, "and Judge Favors "Sock on Jaw" to Control Wayward Youngsters Des Moines. fP -- Municipal Judge Harry Grund, who recent- y has been sentencing juveniles found in taverns to 10 days in jail, advocates a "sock on the jaw" rather than a "slap on the wrist" as the best means of controlling wayward youngsters. Judge Grund expressed his views in an address lo the norlh high Y club Wednesday night. The judge said he had "been sentencing juveniles because he believed the few who served terms would "never return again" anc because he thought the example would frighten many others ou of visiting taverns. He asserted that he disagreec with those who felt parents shoulc take all the blame delinquency. for juvenil ospital ships," the 'Berlin radio ·lid Thursday, quoting Maroru higcmilsu, Japanese foreign min- ler. The German radio, as heard by T3C, said Shigemitsu told the diet hat "Japan lias protested many mes against the Anglo-American inking of Japanese hospital ships nd so far no satisfactory answer as been given. Therefore Japan now ready lo take adequate measures in retaliation." a wonderful Ihing to be back i good old Iowa.'' In addressing the senate late Koons said it v,-as several month after the Dieppe raid be [ore h knew he had done anything ex. ceptional. He found out when he receivcc a letter from home containing clipping telling of his part in the raid and crediting him with being a hero. ' / "That's the way it is in this war," the twice-decorated lowan asserted. "You do something, they put it in your hometown paper and the first thing you know you are a rip-roaring hero." Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Rain and colder changing lo snow Thursday night; Friday snow flurries anc colder; lowest temperatures ii Mason City 28. Iowa: Rain changing to snow flur ries and ending Thursday nigh followed by fair Friday. Consid crably colder. Winds 35 to 4 miles an hour. Minnesota: Rain south and r a i n _ o snow north portion this Thursday afternoon and Thursday night changing to snow Friday forenoon and ending Friday afternoon. Much colder Friday. Easterly winds will increase to 35 lo 40 miles an hour Thursday afternoon and shift lo north to northwest Friday morning. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statislics: Maximum Wednesday 48 Minimum Wednesday night 36 At 8 a. m. Thursday 42 Rain .53 inch YEAR AGO: ing shells. This sea attack on enemy road t r a f f i c is continuing by day ami night. Allied air forces, despite deteri- rnling weather, put new rents in tlier sections of the German ommunication network in the ngle between Ihe 2 allied fronls, lamrncring especially at Cisler- nia. Ccccano and Ilri. The facl lhat Cisferna was bc- ng attacked by allied bombs was evidence that that pivot point on he Aifpian Way and the main railway, 24 miles southeast of Home and 12 miles inland from Ihe Netluno beach, was still in German hands. The presence of German suns there also indicated it was one of the strong points for defense of the Rome area. Littoria is 13 miles due cost oC Nettuno and 4'? miles from the coast. It is 4 miles from the Ap- pian Way. The clash wilh German armor southwest of there may have indicated that the British or Americans had pushed forward across the Mussolini canal along which sharp clashes previously occurred with German patrols. The Americans on the old 5th M a x i m u m Minimum 16 4 army f r o n t were making steady if p a i n f u l progress in an encircling maneuver against Cassino despite a hail of fire from every tvpe of German weapon and impediment that could be devised by the enemy. The French attack to Ihc norlh was against the slope of Mt. Belvedere-which rises to 2.500 feel. This is of strategic importance because of its approach lo Mt,.Cairo, a 10-mile long ridge bordcrins the via Cisilina to Rome. The Secco, which t h e French crossed, is a tributary ot the Ra- pido, crossed by'the Americans to attack Cassino from the north, and the Atina r o a d which wafr

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