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F r? NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H O M E E D I T I O N "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS' VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SKCTION ONE NO. 145 Not Likely to Respond Industry Not to Cut Profits to Speed Employment. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , ( CPA ) -- I n - dustry generally is not regarded in congress as a tit likely to respond favorably t o P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt's r e- cent appeal to it to take up the slack of unem- p l o y m e n t b y something' of a cut in its own profits. Profits of the majority of big concerns having been fairly generous in the last year, maybe they can afford to be reasonably helpful to the administration's relief agencies, but the lawmakers are pessimistic. For one thing, it is foreseen that managements will be unwilling to curtail dividends by shortening hours and taking on more help, thus increasing expenses. Even if some are disposed to do so, the legislators' best guess is that the proportion of recalcitrants will be large enough, though perhaps they will be in a minority, to make it impossible for the others to stand their competition. New Deal Skeptical. Besides, new dealers are highly skeptical that the bulk of big business is inclined to aid the present white house regime. It is not, of course, assumed that the average big businessman would acquiesce in a prolongation of the depression if he himself were still feeling it. But he isn't. He has been doing fairly well of late; isn't affected yet by the lag in the revival of employment. Later he - may be, but just now he considers that times are improving--and BO ttey^are ^temporarily) from his .Btar4pCftnt-^Se,does not weigh the future's possibilities that his own 'prosperity (of today) is'sure not to last if it is not followed speedily by more mass prosperity: Maybe He's Right. Or maybe it is his judgment that his prosperity will automatically be followed by prosperity for other folk. Maybe he is right, too. Who knows? There have been recoveries from past depressions, and they had to start with sombody. Anyway, the Dig businessman of this era is satisfied with ms personal improvement and does '"ot desire it jeopardized by Rooseveltian plans. What is more, with NRA knocked out by the supreme courr, the ad ministration cannot enforce it. It can merely warn, or possibly u,reaten -that industry will have to reabsorb its unemployed, or the government will take care of the unemployed to the tune of one and on-half billion dollars' worth. Industry Must Pay. And industry will have to take care of that item--by paving it in wages or by paying it in relief taxation. President Roosevelt may be demagogic. The fact remains that one thing he says is true: Ten or eleven million? cannot be left to starve. They will not submit to it. Before they will starve they will breed a revolution. However, big business is ready to risk (or is blind to the chances) a revolution, for the sake of another year or two of fat dividends. Such is the new dealers' "dope." Big business, as spoken for by the American Libtrty league, is not so crass. Nevertheless it is "war," between the two elements, "to ths knife." _ H THREE POWERS SIGN NAVY PACT Neighbors Testify in Morton's Murder Trial STUDY EFFECTS OF SKAKEUP IN TOWNSEND CLUB House Group Decides to Keep Processing Tax Out of Report. WASHINGTON. W)--A legislative lull Wednesday gave members of congress time to study the new naval treaty signed at London and Â·y to ponder the possible political e f f e c t s of a Some Flashes From .Life as She Is Lived IOWA FORECAST April Influence Apparent in Weather Prediction For State. DES MOINES, (.T)--The April influence was apparent Wednesday in the weatherman's forecast of showers and warmer weather Wednesday night and Thursday for Iowa, The showers, he said, will begin in western Iowa late Wednesday night and spread to the rest of the state Thursday as temperatures rise. Above freezing weather was the outlook for all Iowa Wednesday night. It froze early Wednesday in North Iowa, where Charles City reported a low of 24, Davenport recorded Tuesday's high, 56. Skies were clear Wednesday morning at all weather bureau stations except Sioux City and no rain was reported during the last 24 hours. shakeup in the Townsend pension movement's high command. S p e c u l a tion about the Townsend movement flared when Robert E. Clements, who resigned as its national secretary Tuesday, said he would appear before a house investigating committee CLEMENTS Thursday with a truckload of records. He reiterated that he left the movement solely because he objected to political activities of other of its leaders. With the senate in recess and minor business holding the house floor, most developments to: capital hill - were:.in'- committee rooms. . ~- Drop-Processing Taxes. A house ways and means subcommittee reversed. itself suddenly and agreed to-keep processing and all other excise taxes out of a report on which the full committee will open hearings Â· Monday on the new revenue program. Chairman Samuel B. Hill (D., Wash), told reporters: "We have eliminated entirely the subject of processing taxes and all excise taxes from the report as a basis for hearings because we weren't very keen for it at any time and felt we would get pretty close to the amount of money we need from other sources." Probe Veterans' Deaths. The house Wednesday authorized its veterans committee to inquire into the causes of the deaths of World war veterans in the hurricane that swept the Florida Keys last year. Chairman Rankin (D.-Miss.) told newsmen "we are going to hear from everybody who can give us information, so we can find out about this." Veterans Administrator Frank T. Hines was expected to be the first witness Thursday. In one committe hearing a spokesman for the reclamation bureau argued it was best qualified by long experience to direct irrigation phases of the Mississippi valley development proposed by Senator Norris (R.Nebr.). Bill Is Challenged. In another, counsel for the Associated Grocery manufacturers of America, Inc., challenged the constitutionality of the Borah-VanNuys bill against price discriminations favoring chain stores. Members of the committee which will open an investigation of the Townsend and other pension movements Thursday predicted Clements' resignation would not be the last. Since Clements was widely credited with being an ace organizer largely responsible for the spread of the $200 a month pension clubs, observers watched closely to see if his split with Dr. F. E. Townsend, co-founder of the plan, would spell disintegration for the movement. Third Party Threat. Townsend has 'alternately been threatening a third party drive and expressing disfavor for such a move. Clements said he believed the organization should be kept nonpolitical. He said that while he would no longer serve in an official capacity, he would do all possible to advance the old age pension deal. Both he and Townsend denied that the latter's friendliness toward the candidacy of Senator Borah of Idaho for the republican presidential nomination was at the bottom of the resignation. ! The house sent along to the senate, by a 215 to 41 vote, the Petten- . gill bill permitting railroads in certain cases to charge less for a long | haul than for a shorter one over the j same . Tite in the same direction. Communications commission attorneys, attempting to delineate the j tremendous sweep of the American i Telephone and Telegraph company's activities, planned to inquire into its financing of motion pictures. I BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS HICKORY, N. Car.--Mrs. J. L. Cicley's cat, Muaja, like all felines is fond of sleep. She dozes through most of the piano selections played by Harriet Cilley, but whenever Harriet swings into the music of Bach, Muaja climbs on to the piano stool and listens raptly. CONSCIENCE PAYMENT LACLEDE, Mo.--Former Mayor E. B. Allen received a letter from Chillicothe, Ohio, enclosing a dollar. The letter read: "Enclosed is the amount I borrowed from you 50 years ago. Thank You." ANOTHER HONEST MAN MEMPHIS, Tenn.--A stranger, after purchasing an automobile li^ cense from County Clerk Ed Crenshaw, handed Crenshaw a dollar, and explained: "A clerk gave me a dollar too much in change the last time I wag here." GO, WENT--GONG! SEATTLE -- Presenting: The grammatical gong. C. G. Hannaford, high school English teacher, keeps a gong on his desk and bangs it to cut short such expressions as "I haven't seen nothing," "you was," "it don't," or "coming out of the house the. airplane was seen." A RECORD "RECORD?" PHOENIX, Ariz. -- Romalclo Alvarez, 60, went to jail Tuesday for the 100th time in 11 years, with a hearty grin and a familiar wave to officers. Most of his arrests have been for drunkenness or escaping Dog Got His Stick from the city chain gang. His biggest year was 1935, when he was -imprisoned 20 times. . _ _,. XS ALWAYS, A. CATCH OKLAHOMA CITY--Hi Doty, editor of the Oklahoma City university undergraduate paper, yearned to count his readers. He announced in an editorial that prizes awaited the first few who would come to his office. Some 90 who rushed in were referred to the last paragraph, in which the offer was withdrawn. McCullough, Screen and Stage Comedian, Dies of Razor Wounds MEDFORD, Mass.. (.T!--Paul McCullough, 52, of Brookline, screen and stage comedian, and a member of the widely known team of Clark arid McCullough, died at Lawrence Memorial hospital Wednesday. Hospital officials said he died of wounds suffered Monday when he slashed himself with a razor in a Medford barber shop. He had been in the hospital, where he was treated for a nervous breakdown. Â©N THE INSIDE ANTHONY EDEN British Cabinet Looks Over Hitler Rejection ON PAGE 2 13,000 Cut in Iowa's WPA Rolls Imminent ON PAGE 11 Iowa Needs New Truck Laws, Wallace States ON PAGE 14 McNider Estate Case Submitted to Judge ON PAGE 1-1 STACYVILLE--With the persistence of Canadian Royal police who "get their man," this Chesapeake dog mimed Jack exhibited his mettle in "setting llis stick." Owned by Hardy Stclm, shown above, the doÂ£ braved flood waters of the Lit'.le Cedar to retrieve a stick. The current swept him over the dam and into the whirl pool below. He came to shore with the stick in his mouth and brought it hack to astonished onlookers. He weighs 1(10 pounds and likes to retrieve ducks .'ind hunt mink. TELL EVENTS OF NIGHT HIS WIFE DIED OF POISON State Witness Declares Horton Did Not Seem 'Much Concerned.' |/P--Accused of "one brutal crimes ever Re-Election to Senate Is Asked by Leo Elthon Announces Candidacy for Republican Rains and Rising Rivers Result in Â·NewFloiodFears Death List From More Than Week of Water, Wind Mounts to 199. BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Heavy rains and rising rivers spread new fears of floods over the cast and middlewest Wednesday. The Ohio surged to higher levels from Portsmouth to Cincinnati and swept over thousands of acres of lowlands as it roared down to join the Mississippi. The death list, from more than a week of high water and wind reached 199. The toil by states: Pennsylvania 127; West Virginia 14; Massachusetts 10; Ohio 7; Vermont 7; Maine 5; Connecticut 5; Maryland 5; Virginia 4; Missouri 4; Wisconsin 3; New York 2; North Carolina 2; Georgia 2; New Hampshire 1 and Tennessee 1. Ohio Rise General. On the upper Ohio and on its tributary streams, the rise was general. The Monongahela, which joined the Allegheny last week to submerge Pittsburgh with death and destitution, was given new force by rains and heavy thaws of sno-w in its West Virginia waters-bed. Swirling past Gfafton, W. Va., where it damaged the Tygarts valley flood control dam under construction, the river menaced Pittsburgh anew. The rise threatened at least a 32 foot crest at the steel metropolis-but weather bureau officials said it would fall far short of the disastrous heights reached last week. Fail to Check Work. While some low lying Pittsburgh areas and suburbs were inundated, the rise failed to check the rehabilitation work in the steel district. In its weekly review of the steel industry, "Iron Age" reported that, "operations in steel plants damaged by last week's disastrous floods have been resumed with phenomenal speed." West of Pittsburgh, where it is formed by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela, the Ohio rose higher. But with the rise in feeder streams and tributaries only spurts in comparison with last week's steady increases, river men looked for rapid recession all down the river. Mississippi in Rise. i The first indication of flood con. ditions on the Mississippi river, into I which the Ohio flows, came from Hickman. Ky., where n .OO families j prepared to leave their homes in advance of rising waters, and from several points on the northern rea'ches of the river in Wisconsin and Minnesota. In Washington, the American Red Cross announced the ?3.0(UV 000 relief contributions originally i asked would be insufficient- The U. 1 S. senate passed a bill providing : rehabilitation loans for dwellings, i businesses and industries. BEDFORD, of the most committed in this country," Floyd Horton Wednesday was in the thick of a legal battle to save himself from the gallows. The 38 year old Bedford farmer is charged with administering fatal poison capsules to his handsome wife, Elta. in their snowbound farm home the night of Feb. 14. Mrs. Horton died of convulsions without medical aid early the next morning. Projected against this background, the state charges, is an illicit love affair, with Horton and Mrs. Anna Johnston, his buxom widow-neighbor, as the principals. "Death in Blizzard." Special P r o s e c u t o r James R. Locke painted a picture of "death in a blizzard" Wednesday with the testimony of Morton's neighbors. After establishing t h e o t h e r neighbors lived closer to Hortun than Mrs. Johnston to bear out the state's contention that Horton kept "stock in her barn so he would have an excuse to go and see her," Locke introduced pictures of the room in which Mrs. Horton writhed out her : life.;r--Â· -"i-^""-.;.-Â·Â·.Â·..- Â·Â·Â· Â·Â· Â· - Â· Â· Â· - . Then he called Miss Anna'Tveni- ery, one of three elderly sisters who lived near the Hortons, to the stand. Miss Kemery said Horton delivered milk to her home early in the evening of the night Mrs. Horton died. Shortly before 2 a. m., she testified, Horton again knocked at her door. "What did he say?" asked Locke. "He said 'Elta died. My wife died. She died in convulsions,' " the witness replied. Miss Kemery said Horlon asked her to telephone Roy Kemery, a relative living nearby to come to the house and bring Anna Johnston with him. The Horton and Johnston homes lacked telephones. The prosecution, in its opening statement to the jury, contended that Horton's failure to summon help for his wife indicated guilty knowledge. Defense attorneys declared he remained with her because Mrs. Horton "pleaded with him not to leave her." Farmer Next Witness. The next state witness was Frank Cubbage, 41, farmer living a half mile southeast of the Horton home. Cubbage testified Miss Kemery telephoned him that "Elta Horton has died" and that "Floyd wants you to come to his house." He told of stopping at the Johnston home, of walking across the snow drifted fields and roads to the Horton home with Mrs. Johnston and Miss Ruth Slagle, rural school teacher who boarded with the widow. Nomination. FERTILE--Leo Elthon, fanner near here, Wednesday announced his candidacy for the republican nomination for re-election to the senate from the forty-first senatorial district--Worth, Winnebago and Mitchell counties. Senator Elthon, in asking for a second term, pointed out that it has been the custom to give a second term to any state officer, providing he has been faithful to his trust. "And especially has it been the custom for one's own party to let the incumbent have the nomination for a second term without opposition," he added. "I have at all times represented my district to the best of my ability and have refrained from allowing politics or pressure to inluence my vote," Senator Elthon said in his f announcement. "If re-elected, I shall follow the same course and, with the experience gained through my first term, will be more able and better equipped to serve my district. "The most important bill to become a law in Iowa in the last few years was the bill that reduced interest rates from S to 7 per cent where money is loaned by contract and from 6 to 5 per cent for the legal rate. This law saves the people of Iowa thousands of dollars each year. I introduced this bill in the senate and led the fight for it all through the' last session, finally getting the bill possed." Senator- Elthoji .is ju truck, f arm- .er,.-,specializing- 'in pickled cucumbers. He is 37 years of age, is married and has a family of six children. He was elected to the senate on the republican ticket four years ago in spite of the democratic landslide. He will be opposed in the primaries by Martin A. Aasgaard, veteran Lake Mills publisher and district president of Lions clubs. LEO ELTHON Judge Studies Suit on Taxing of Bonds FORT DODGE. I/P) -- District Judge T. G. Garfield took under consideration a suit to determine whether interest from state, mum- cipal, county and school bonds is subject to the state income tax. medicine in a capsule she prepared for Mrs. Horton to take for a cold. "Was in Trance." Horton denie'd "knowing anything about any poison" in his statement to officers. Warin quoted the defendant as saying during an earlier interrogation, "if I did it I was in a trance." At another point he quoted Horton. "you'll convict me. but before you do I'll be examined by the insane board." The attorney said Horton has two the state will show that Horton "is over sxed;" that he engaged in illicit lations with women other than his threatened to take his lite on occasions. He also asserted Cubbage said he arrived at the j con f es sed paramour. Horton home about 2:30 a. m. "Tell the jury," instructed Locke, "what Horton said." Not Much -Concerned. "He said," replied the farmer, "that he didn't know what had happened to his wife, but for me to take off my wraps and he would tell me all about it. He didn't seem much concerned." "Did you observe Horton closely?" asked Locke. "Yes," said Cubbage. "He was calm most of the time." The courtroom Wednesday was jammed to its very walls with spectators. More than half were women. One District Judge Homer A. Fuller threatened to clear the court when a titter ran over the audience as Cubbage answered a question as to when 'he retired the night Mrs. Horton died. Murdered by Lust. County Ally. Roger Warin, in the prosecution's opening statement, asked the jury to send Horton to the gallows. "The state will prove." he declared, "that EHa Horton died and was murdered by the lust of her husband, Floyd, and of Anna Johnston.'* Both Horton and "Respected Citizen." Terming his client "a respected citizen," defense attorney Homer S Stephens, told the jury Horton was on trial for murder, rot his relations with Mrs. Johnston. He said the defense does not dispute the defendant's illicit relations. "We cannot condone him for it, but he is not on trial for that matter," he said. Referring to the prosecution's claim that Horton told conflicting stories of his wife's death and the circumstances surrounding it. Stephens said he was nt surprised. "He was in mental anguish and had been under a four-iay grilling-." he said. "He had the feeling any one would have whrise. wife died in his own arms. 11 MPM mi Jury. "The evidence will show that he has rendered service to the officers and has aided in bringing to justice the person who perpetrated the crime, Mrs. Johnston." A jury of 11 men and one woman was chosen Tuesday to hear the case. Its members are: Tom Ferguson. Lenox farmer; Sam Hoxworth, Jackson township farmer; F. E. Hatfield, Ross township farmer; O. W. Hubbard. Jefferson township farmer; Christie Hillers, Blocklon farmer. Alan Thompson, Bedford clerk; W. F. Johnston. Gravity merchant; Mrs. Ruth Boltinghouse, Lenox farm of his wife and that she purchased wife; Harl Sturm. Sharpsburg far- poison at a Bedford drug store last j rner; John Overholtzer, Blockton December. She- claimed, however, | telephone operator; L. A. Walkup. that Horton took the poison from her home and substituted it for the HAUPTMANN IN SECOND APPEAL Signs Application to N. J. Board of Pardons for New Hearing. TRENTON, N. J., (.Pi--Bruno Richard Hauptmann, under sentence to die- in the electric chair next Tuesday night' for the kidnap-murder-of "the "Lindbergh -baby, signed an application Wednesday for a second court of pardons hearing. His first appeal for mercy was rejected by the court on Jan. 11, but a reprieve by Governor Harold G. Hoffman saved him from execution six days later. The application was filed with the clerk of the court of pardons at 2:06 p. m., fCST). Hauptmann signed the application in the death house of the New Jersey state prison. It was brought to his cell by C. Lloyd Fisher, his chief counsel, who has fought for more than eighteen months to save Hauptmann from death. NO ILIUM NEW SEA TREATY Italy Holds Aloof, Raps British Activities in Mediterranean. By ALBERT \V. WILSON (rttpyrlKlit, I'.'lll. 1Â»y Tin; .\N*iiclÂ«tcii rrcf-c) LONDON--A new international Â·naval treaty was signed Wednesday by delegates of the United States, Great Britain and France, while Italy's delegates, remaining aloof, attacked British naval activities in the Mediterrnean. Ambassador Dino Grandi of Italy declared: "A potential naval menace exists in the Mediterranean." The new pact removes restrictions on the size of navies, but the United States and Great Britain, who possess the largest navies, agreed separately to maintain their fleets at the same level. Anglo-U. S. Agreement. This Anglo-American agreement was stated in letters exchanged between Norman H. Davis, head of the United States delegation, and Anthony Eden, British foreign secretary. Ambassador Grandi of Italy broke into the smooth lormality of treaty signing with an unexpected attack upon Great Britain's naval mutual assistance pact in the Mediterranean. Grandi, who witnessed the ceremony but did not sign the treaty, declared to the assembled diplomats: "A potential naval menace exists in the Mediterranean. This is the- first time in the history of united Italy, that- our people feel their Â·lives imperiled." He added that the Mediterranean Friends Fear Wife May Take Own Life If Hauptmann Dies NEW YORK, (.P)--Friends of Mrs. Anna Hauptmann, wife of the condemned Lindbergh baby slayer, expressed fear Wednesday that she might take her life in the event her husband is executed. Gov. Harold G. Hoffman of New Jersey had no comment on published reports that she had written him threatening- to kill herself and her son if her husband dies. Stump Speaker Tells of Being Attacked j DES MOINES. (.T)--Police investigated Wednesday a report by Irving Beck of DCS Moincs that he was knocked insensible by a group of 15 or 20 men after he made a political speech Tuesday night for Mrs. Wilbur Conkling, candidate for city finance commissioner. T/^Weather FORECAST Mrs. Johnston have freely admitted illicit relations since last November. In her confession, the buxom widow said she and Horton talked of "getting rid" IOWA: Increasing cloudiness; showers in extreme west portion late Wednesday night or Thursday and in central and east portions Thursday; rising temperature Thursday and in central nml west portions Wednesday night. MINNESOTA: Generally fair Wednesday night and Thursday, except rain or snow in southwest Thursday; not quite so cold Thursday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning: Maximum Tuesday 35 Minimum in N''Â£ht ~(i At 8 A. M. Wednesday 29 question "will be raised at a more suitable moment." D:ivis First lo Sign. Mr. Davis, who was the first delegate to sign the treaty grinned broadly as he slowly put on his horn-rimmed glasses and picked up the pen to write his name on the document. It was the first time he had signed a treaty since his appointment as a disarmament delegate by former President Hoover. Admiral William H. Standley of the United States was the next to sign. Each put his name on three documents--the treaty and two protocols. The new pact, replacing the Washington naval limitations treaty of 1922 and the London treaty of 1930, limited neither the number nor the tonnage of the fleets of the three participating powers, but introduced a new scheme for advance notification of naval building programs. Hope to Curh Race. Delegates to the international conference which shaped the new treaty expressed hope that the program for exchanges of information would curb any sea armaments race for at least six years. The new treaty also limited the sizes of the individual types of warships and inaugurated a building holiday for the larger type of cruisers, in place of the battleship building holiday which endured for 14 years under the expiring- Washington treaty. American and British spokesmen conceded that the chances of quantitative limitation of navies had been dead for more than a year as a result of the denunciation of the Washington and London pacts by Japan, demanding full fleet equality with the world. Treaty Left Open. The terms of the new treaty, the spokesmen said, contained all that could have been expected from the conference. The treaty was left open for the signatures later of Italy, which participated in the conference to the end but declined to sign the pact while sanctions were in effect, and Japan, which withdrew in the controversy over its equality demands. Some delegates held little hope that Japan would adhere to the publicity provisions of the pact. The 5-5-3 ratio, the principal section of the existing treaties to which Japan objected, was eliminated under the new agreement. NEW FOUNDATION FOR LIMITATION OF FLEETS WASHINGTON. (/Ti -- The new naval treaty signed Wednesday by the United States, Great Britain and France was hailed by Norman Davis. American delegation head, as the "foundation of a new structure" for world fleet limitation. His address at the signing ceremony in London, made public here by the state department, contained an open i n v i t a t i o n to Japan and m m r ^ f f \ t | Conway f a r m e r ; and M. T, :drick, New Market farmer. Ken- The sun wns back in its place ! Italy to adhere to the pact. Wednesday but a brisk northwest ' Voicing the American govern- wind stood in the way of any ' mcnt's disappointment t h a t the new marked rise in the temperature. i instrument docs not provide foi . y\ *!