The Evening Post from New York, New York on February 27, 1818 · Page 2
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February 27, 1818

The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

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CQLU.CTHU OF THft REVENUE. Treatory ueparrwiciM, ! "; J - nu - ry 19, 1813. 5 ' klor tOrctmUf tw guarw srjTtaw ngK - - m M inland homier, t "ceatry inM prw . viikins M the louowinr. asuurw ne m"F" - " . t Tit&Hbmtt&.kkiiIa.Md Ut0r craft of rrj 1 - fcHlka nun hantermP noon lilt BnlllH nanrMMut Ma that lor every nunw . Si CnA mnwmniitr wunotM such niuTi UtA, tkuf, or craft, with tackle, rigging, and earga U be forfeited. .. ... 2. That every wacgwn, aleirb, or awl other r ehicle. U which rood, ar found subject to duly Which bare wit been entered, shatL with tbe tram by which they have are respect ively w'?CflS ' e with tht mh, be forfeited ; and the V7 :, Moreover, (onettaiM par aouuw - t!L. - . ." '. L . - a ha - 9. That tnau we ! ro r, - - parting foreign inercliandise by b1"? etthe office of the nearest deputy collector, toll . where goods to imponra.wiiu. t( - entered after haying Paweo dt - ""V x ahall a. li.hU tt reitorr aaicoaaeataatioii, as upon me wnoie ov t""" - - xJTth. British Dosseations aa toprei ge - .rT - ai tufirred by IOC 4 duty apoa all sneraodise isnported from the sa - jseariorWhao if paid by that P"fheu . fellow - eiiiseos who receiw thetr turply of foreifii MerdMadife from the Atlantic paro. Thrt tm - pmm kaa enliated the (erttne and tymptliie 7 the aeopte in faor af the USicit imrodnc - mar. kiVilii. b wbicB Uie rcTe - s. .il ttrfnuided. tn brooortio to tUe Impartations whicU art aae nnn w poaaration. The loat of rhe rerrnae, however. U buta aecondarv object la the consideration of thU wrfrject. 1e fnflaenee which the rootiuoationiof I tbufte of public fedinf, most neceawnly bae in cerrnvtinir our cittaens, and producing an habitual dure pert for the Uwt, demand the - mr - .mr altanliiMI f the WblattHW. II the Wr T ' . . ." ' i - V .u. V. cqtaiiity io rtta oautribotioni paid by the cotiMuneri ' - V imiKirtHl from Canada, can be ? defroyed, there a jmi reaaon beliere, that ' miIiim ll. nHm uw iigniwr iiuwhi an the aide of tit Uwt, and that tmuggung wm oc raoideredudigraefut there a on the Atlantic coast . l. iW.fnM wMrwM - ffiiHr atfbviittrd - whrthcr ' U la not expedient to pnwide that in all cae of inponaiMMw raw uw ui T . i Dec, Montreal, or any ourer cuiit u.. r - 4M VnUM BTTMOn, we araic w ed npun the coat of the anicka at the pUce at ' the origin! purchase, under the following regu - fauioer. tU : L The merchant from whom the rood are - brought In the British dominium shaU, before the mayor af the city , or a judge of a court of record, Bad in the presence of the pnrchaer and impor ter into the United State, proouce a copy m we vriginal invoice, and swear that It contains an accurate statement of rhe price given for the goods ' described ui their tbea Ul of manufacture. - !. The importer into the United States shajpro - , duca the copy of the original invoice so verified, 'and also a copy of the invoices of the goods purchased by bin, accurately exhithing the current value of the said articles at the place of purchase, and which has been paid, and shall on oath de - ' dare to the correctness of the latter, and that the former was verified in hit presence. HThe adoption of rrrulalious of this kiwi, it is " believed, ill effectually guard the revenue against frauds and evasions arising from attempts to en - , . ter merchandise bvkw fts real cost, and may have the happiest effect in discountenancing smuggling of the most flagrant character, and ut restoring '' public opinion upon this important subject to a sound and healthful stale. The district of Champlain extends from the iW, of Lake Chamnlain to the river St. Law - m.v. Tli wira failing into the former, are separated from those tailing into the Utter, by a mountainous rang which, in a great measure bv - striates the ooe trom tne otner. - - It is therefore deemed expedient to form another Collection district of that part of the Cham - plain district which ties west of that range, includ - ins; the northern part ol tne nisum oi " . rna infMBution ablained from the rentlefflen who traversed the lakes during the summer and nUrilur im HUIUUICI mini mnt,.n r tt . fur Ike SiiDerior. rorrnr - rnoxes , fstirposeofdclerminmgtiieiiounuariCToiinr wi ll States, according to tne provisions oi im sr2lui. ill h..lived that the Dublin interest iibi'm raJUrtlnn riiBiridshouid be farm ed, camprehvnding the snores ami waters oi mat ''part of Lake Superior ling within the United States, and the western shore ofLa.'.e Huron ; the port of entry of the district to be at the falls of St. Mary, on the water communication between those lake. " Another collection district also appears to be necessary in the western extremity ot the state of Louisiana, that section oi uiecouniry nas uweiy been the scene of the most active smuggling, especially ia Africa a slaves from Ualvestown. Ai - thourb the suppression of that establishment may for norne time check the smncghng practice! Which have been carried on in that quailcr, yet there is jiut ground to apprehend,' that they will ' fee resumed frora other points of the same coast, - unless suitable measures of prevention are adopted. . . , - The act of 1799, In the 53th section, fixes the tare which shall be allowed apon packages, casks, lie therein described, containing articles paying specific duties. The enwmeratioo, however, is, by ' practice, found to be imperfect. The defects have . been suDDlied br refutation, which is probably not uniform in all the parts. The statement A, hereto annexed, presents a list of the priacip9 kerns embraced by those regulations. The act of the 27th of March, 1901, which im - Doses snecinc duties upon a crest variety of arti cles which before paid ad valorem duties, has made no provision ror ascertaining tne uuc ui nw. it uu - dea, when imported in packages, csk, kc. Statement B, contains anenumeration of those articles, with the tare allowed by regulation. The propriety of establishing those rates by law is res - oeellullv sutrireslrd. Under the navigation act, vessels employed in the coasting trade are subject to a tonnage duty of 50 cents, unless the officers and 3 - 4ths of the crews are American atiaens. ThU duty is to be oocc year by licensed vessels. The proof is to be made bv the collector, to whom the duty is eavabie. This proof ia much more easily made at the port to which the vessel belongs, than at the port to which it is bound, it seems uiereiore to be expedient that the proof of citisentbip should be tendered to the collector of the port froia whence . the vessel tails. The certificate of the coOcctor should be considered a satisfactory evi denoe bv the collector of the port to which the eessel ir bound, owlets where the contrary should be made to appear. very change, in the officers or crew, should berertiueJ by the collector of the , port whore such a chang is anode. It ia only by recording such changes, at they occur, and certifying the character of the crew as often as tliey happen, that it ia possible for a licensed vessel to exempt itself from the payment of fifty cents per tow. The act of 1793, for registering and licensing vewels, is considered defective, ty reason of not oenniae, wiui eutncicnt accuracy, tne coaaitioa apon which the bonus should be forfeited. It is understood that the courts have declared them .old to foreigners, does' not fix" the time with i ac onon tor uc nwnne tne recister at a vessel. I wtucH the rrrtatrr ska I h inrmulwl .J u 1 therefore, generally nugatory. There is uo reave - ny against the discharge of Amencan seauien in foreign ports, where the vcel is sold. If (lie bond should .embrace this object, aod should be faawTlaWIIaM 111 tM PAfJlMhl llrr lllf atala J t)laa wa..l I :t .1 .m .i. i .JI.!rrr'M time, where the sale was made hi tanm.. . - twetve, in csuntries bcroud the Cape of Good I . Hope, the object contemplated by reqmnnc the I .bend, toicht be secured. The party a hi he per - ,B,,ur c.Huouu nuoauexpence - The forfeiture of lour hundred djllan. for de - parunr from a prt to wiiictt a ve,w; bas cleared , I and to which it has arrrmt, without ruteriog, is believad to be inadfguate to the object. - u The act of Conrt ess, intended to secure to the United Statat Piority over individual creditors, latberweveryof dAts, io all cej of the in - oi - Tencr ef its debtors, has been found tn be inaHe mate to the otiect for which it was enacted. This! kwi ariaw, in aneae dcrree, from the provisions of ovae of the stake laws, by which B - os arc obtain ed,bj taken at attaciraiecu, which are levied I - I I ponthepTQMrff eT ISe f Mef, rw" the brink of maotvwocy, or bamedmu . v after such solvency is aawwav i ? x, . - . As oa duobt at awtertatiw . J " proprii ty af saenrmy aliia legal 1"'" srs co, .nee ted wMi the revenue, or wKh tbeWw - mr W mhirh mlHerm w hew anaer if v. bw the expediency of revising the isrtreWmf to suhject, m order la render k effectual, rH fully stiggesteil. . . . , it may be proper, ieaaDg "TJf' into view subjects, - Inch, Ux''ZnJZ. i i jniku. mav be enatiitered as feurtyinciJell.U. kx these viil tk inrwaveaieiice and font to whkb ths - j Treasury subjected, by suflermg , ha fa" states, landed property J - " ?J? owtes, upon ppraiseasents.taditcluwfe of debts, ilrSchbanda. The properry is always appraised for aaore thaat M will aril ; it has, t&rriW, bee generally masaed with a .h. i Maine the sun at which K baa been re ceived. In the nicest time, for the want of proper agents, or indeed areata ot any una, at rrniaun. not oalv unproductive, but reaerally becomes less valuable. Thi ormrioie seems to hare been adopt ed from respect to the stale laws. Its inequality is, however, a sufficient anruroent afajuit its con Lntamtioa. iadeoendent of the Iocs which the Tree surv suners from it. la aosne of the states, where the' United Stoles are subjected to this iacoave - iewce. the states have taken better care of their owa interests, by eaxepting them from the ope rnuoai ci n. ior saw, w uw ,t - ji iw, chansed. it will be neceasarv to authorise the ap - poiutiueat of areata in taosestates, to take charge of the real property of which the United States are already, or may hereafter, Become inc owners, or etse u will be aeccssarv to maaesaie as inern, win as little delay as possible, without regard to the kirt whick may be inrurren. . If kii iudred expedient to leriilate upon the subject, it may be proper to autlioriae the sale of tnoe lands b) uc anursnM, witn sue powera w make titles to the purchaser. Under the existing laws the practice is, for the Secretary of the Treasury tn execute the titles. Should the principal provisions which are recom mended be adopted, the importance of public a are bouses will be greatly increased. The appropriation whkh was made for that object, in the year 1816. was applied, by the late Secretary of the Treasury, to the purchase of customhouses and warehouses, io Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. Measures have been taken, during the last year, to build, or to procure, suitable establishments for the same pnrpose, in Baltimore k in Cbarletton. Statement C, which is annexed, shows the application of the turn, appropriated, and an estimate of the sum necessary for the ac - complhhmeotof the object for which it was made. It may be proper to observe, that a considerable expenditure will be necessary in Philadelphia be fore the object of the appropriation can beeflcct - . ... ed. Statement D, shows the application of the appro priation of faOMO, for purchasing, or erecting, for the use of the United States, suitable buildine for cnitom houses and public warehouses, in such principal districts in each state, where the Secretary of the Treasury shall deem it necessary for the sale ty aud convenient collection of the revenue. Under this appropriation, customhouses h. public warehouses have been purchased at Portsmouth in new Hampshire, U in new Haven, in Connec ticut. Lots have been purchased in Providence in Rhode Island, and in Norfolk in Virginia. In the former a contract will shortly be made for the a - reclKin of the buildinr The price of suitable lots in Norfolk aud Savannah, and the high price de manded ior tne erection ot tmtuiinrs, in uiose places, will not authorise the Department to enter into any engagements for ti e erection of necessary buildings, until it is ascertained whether an additional appropriation will be made for that object. It may be improper to state, that, io some of the ports to the eastward, houses and lots have been set over to the United States, which are represented to ie suitable to the object in question. The commerce, however, of these ports is incomider - .1.1. ..J .1 1.1. . ; ' . ' Auwrnvn respect im ly submitted, WM. H. CRAWFORD. Treasury Department, Jan. 17, 1018. Sugar, In cannhtert, 40 each ; seroons 8 per ct. ; cocoa, in ceroons 8 per ct. ; cheese, in caxks 15 per ct. ; indigo, in cases 15 per ct. ; twine, in cases io per cent. . i ' B. - 7aret aDortd by Custom. Almonds, bags 4 per cent ; trails in per ct. ; caiks 15 per cL ; cas.ua, vnineie, eoxrs iu per ct. ; mats b ; cinnamon, box ei 13 per ct. ; cloves, casks 12 Der ct . t ba?s 4 oer ct I - ym vkf wr,ivpnib, "bm currants, casks 12 per cL; boxes 10 per ct. ; firs, iu per ct. : uiais ana I rails per ct. : glue, VNSM V J' - ! vi. , WAT, tU pWll l. , MJVmUf WllltC, III on it per ct. , ary t per ct. : mi o per ct. : mace, casks or boxes 18 per ct. ; nutmeg, casks It per ci, , uags per ct. , oenre, yellow, in oil iz per ct. : ury luperct.: powder, gun, qr. casks 5 each ; half huiulreii 9 each ; powder, w hole hundred S3 ench ; plguibs, boxes 8 per ct. ; prunes, boxes 8 per ct. ; raisin, boxes 15 oer ct. : iars 18 each : caki 12 per ct ; frails 4 per ct. ; drums 10 per ct : Spanish brown, eaks It each : sheet iron, boxes 8 each ; tallow, casks 12 per ct. ; seroons 8 per ct ; iuus laperci.; tun, ory, auu izperct. : boxes 12 per ct. ; suuff, casks It per ct. ; boxes 15 per ct: almonds, cases 8 per ct. ; steel, eases 8 per ct.; Spaunh l - rowo, in oil and in kegs 8 per ct. ; 6gs, casks It per CL ; alinonds, teruons 10 per ct. ; u, arums o jwr crni. C. Amount of monevt expended under the appropriation of Sirt),l)d for providing suitable build ings for the custom bouses at Boston, New. York, Lc. Amount of appropriation 250,000 Expenditures : At Boston 29,000 Mew - fork 7jOOO Philadelphia B3X) 50 Baltimore 51,000 - IfCfiOO 60 . Unexpended balance, $67,400 50 In conjunction with the abovemcotioncd ba - mirvr, n u estimnten mat mere win De required tlie further sum of 87,600 60 for the following puTtur - vix : Baltimore ' 10,000 I'biladelpiiia 75K)0 Charleston 60,000 Statement of monevt expended under the ap propriation of fjO.OOO for nurehasins' or erectinr uimuie uuumiigs ior custom nouses ana pupuc ware nouses, sic. At Portiinoulh, N. II. gSflm ProvUlcucc 3)00 New - Haven 5100 Norfolk 9,000 JM5,000 It is estimated that, in addition to the unex pended balance of the abovementioned appropriation, the further sum of seventy - five thousand J.tl... .!! : . i i .t i uuuafi win ne requircn to accompimn - ne ooject. KF.W.YOltK EFEjVI.YO POST. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27. Fnm the National Inltlligtticer, ttb. 24. " ' are surprucd to tea ideas so absard, to fallacious, and to .pernicioui in their tendencr, published in an intelligent print, as some of those in a " letter from Washington," of the of the I lib instant, which appears in the New - York KrcDing fort, of the I "to. Take the io! lowint for a sample : , " You oujrbt to be here and see the exultation of irginia, their satisfac - I,'. k. l.a A - .rm ViM - Viwh til JUU . ... . .i. 7 - J - . .r"T rows nwiip wmi wmi.ii, u uiw urarai lumumi. ever cniten regards bis ftllow - ciliien as a friend and brother, came be from Maine or iroai the Mianutppt, we are at a lost to conceive. Such artu - los are not Denned without object, and lead . " lu - picuin where wiututl conOUonca ouebt 'f "ilr f l!,t kllr ciUeen ofi w - Y oik, be bis xlrr - aJy atdn, and, if be bare no obi sot but his coantrr's rood, ne has lament ad, bow the d ffdsioo of similar idle prejudices has injuriou.ly affecteJ the politic of the country 'MberetoHTe. ia m imenU more critical th the ?TW' W har day, when a few "1Ba?n urt , h"e preached crusadct against ' ,,rK"lla "M irpnia inHuence," tn '.(it tame spirit at this extract ; and we have lred to see thair conduct aniversallvrenrctta4an,lMuU - au. ed by those who once lent them rfinir ear. Such pme rorely too small foe grown men, and Ik - ..! i i. i .. .k. .a - . ' . . . .. . '"'wr pearoieasas. P41" we cnaracxer oi politiciaus. w" "pressed a rrprise that snch a lVt tbovM hare crept iote a pape - , of the ge - uiwunUr. WaMaariouslyoraMr - ray, ws know hot, ww have wa U iputed to the nitr at mat paper, moo wr - w t that ha thowl if raad BaaC to "fit. IS SaV ins af awrt tewda. ' W kopevt vmrwUhvf Cm laajWartaatf - . thaaan wweiaaafw sua . . T . . t t 1 walurr. thai tha lattae to wnaca WW rwmr. vn Ut way atta the rsjmt U the Jveaioj I shall dUpotw of this sabtoct taat fc "(jr at possible, becaase 1 tm tk nacagasl to atop a - tire aa altercatkm that cm Ve prodvicUre of no good. The iosmaatioa that the letter auvj hare bee wriltea iat New - Tork, It wafcunied ; it was writUa as it purporbi la be, at Wathinf. ton. RorvMtt publuhed with the avwcaievews view of throwing the apple af asscard between the citizens of w - Tork tad rirgaua. I weald ba the Ust to act froaa such taobVa. The W tar wat written by a gent lea aa af lateHirace and abterratioa; although it amat certaialy be ad - autted, that he it liable to bo mistakea. But supposiog him to speak as the brts warrtDt, I Jo aot Uuak it repraheanble to endeavor ta awx - ksa a just pride ia ear dtixrnt to asset this arro - gapt aad atraiwuiaing apirit ofAVrissia. It will aot, I preeaava, be deaUd, tint, bower er it taty be, at tAssmsmaaf, User vat a tine, when U vat chertshed aa a darling idea in the south, that to be bora in the aacjent dominion, secured the envied aortal a proud prt - emi - hence over those who bad not the rood fertune to draw their first breath oa the southern tide of the Potomac: When the clime ef Virruiia wxi supposed, by her dUxens, to be atore ainpicioos to intellect than a more northern sky ; and her sofl more suited to the produce of the nobles of nature. We have been very much mmnforaied, if Mr. John Randolph did not gravely entertain the opinion, whkh ha wat at do pains to con ceal, that Virginia should, for a length of years, at ltatt, be anti led to furnish presidents ior the United States. Bat if the time it past, when tuch preposterous notions pre rail sd in the south, and at the present moment every citizen rerardi hit ieUow - eitizen at hit equal, wherever he may hare been born, or wherever he resides, ai we are told by this respectable authority it now the case, the editors of the Nation tl Intelligencer may rest assured, that they cannot more sincerely rejoice at this mark of returning good tease and liberality, nor more regret toy thing that ha a tendency to damp it, than we do. We are sorry that eur correspondent should have teen cause to believe that these odious and despicable prejudices still obstinately maintain their hold in gentlemen of the profession who at tead the court of the U States at Washington. We reciprocate the intended compliment of tne eoitort ot the National luttlligeucer, and hope to be able, before a great while, to. tpeak of the evidence we have of their genera fair die po litioo, without an epithet of qualification. From Iht Columbian oflatt ertntng. Caution .'We are informed that a petition is now in circulation to effect a certain amioint - meut and removal, which would teriotu(y ajfttt This paragraph, the Advocate says, alludes to a petition praying for the appointment of .Ifr. Hoffman,' at recorder, in the room of Mr. Biker. If to, I shall only observe, that if it it true that " the republican interestn would be seriously in jured by the removal of Mr. Biker, I mutt, bor row an expression from Ot way and say the re publican interest " it in a most damnable condi tioo." Has he not sufficiently outi aged this com munity Specie saved. Much credit is due to Mr. C. Vaoderbilt, of the packet ferry - boat Dread, for hit exertions in getting the specie from on board the ship Neptune, (ashore at the Hook,) which he accomplished yesterday afternoon, at great tut rani. Notwithstanding there had been two other boats there during the afternoon, nothing effects al wat done until Mr. V. ran along aide of the ship, and took ont of her $406,000 in boxes, which he afterwardi put safely on board the Revenue Cutter, Cant Cahoone. Since the above wat ia type, the cutter and two forry - boati have cove up from the Neptune The former hat brought up all the specie, and the latter a part of her cargo, consisting princi pally of coffee. Mr. Colden, oar new mayor, arrived in town last evening from Albany. We underttaad he will be tworn into office on Monday next, at the Common Council Chamber, daring the sitting of the court. Letters received this morning from Washing. ton, express an opinion, that the Bankrupt B'll will not past this session oi congress ; that the views of gentlemen in the house of representa tives on the bill are at varient almost at there are members. No two can agree upon the de tails of the whole bill If the writer of Milet will call at this office, he may probably hear of something to hit adran tare. Communication of CWoeoe concluded from yesterday's paper. Should At royal authority be completely re eiUbluhed by aome means or other in Mexico and the Spanish Main, the danger to the United States would be greater. We ourht not U for get tb at it it an old plan with Spain, to form four tuborumate Kingdoms out of bpanisn America : and Charles the third wou'.d hare carried it into execution, bad not the merchants of Cadiz, who were the most strenuous opponents, bribed the council of Camilla, aud poisoned the mit ister Gftlvet : but those merchants, who would have lost at that time the fruits nfthetit monopoly, wouui now De gainers Dy such an eatnblithrocnt. Already has f erdmand the 7lh thourht of ap pointing his brother Charles vice rov - rneml of the whole cpanuh Aav rica ; and ihould the trial be made and prove fur ce - nu). Pace fue afirem patria, in the. provinces where it can oaly be made, what would aot not have the u. States to apprehenJ frum such a viceroy, invested with all the extraordinary aud difcretionary authority that circumstances end his near reUtioi;hip l - lk.bri...L.Mlil - . - ent; having at his disposal all the resnu res ri those rich provinces, connected by blond atvt marriaga with tht king of Braid, and willing to signalise the era of tuch a vicerov, by viniia - ting seppo?ed wrongs or taking wrarauAtwa - y meotHir against loppod dangers lit would not probably employ oven force' as the nitsin of, Out tt wat ftp u CboreaeA t ".erf orttce toss her liberty i I'biUp had coaqtwrta be trom uw Vme that be had bee able to corrupt the mo rail of ae? citizens, ai d enslave their hearts wr Macedotuaa told, intriguee aad promises, i ne O. Btataaowshraot to ferret tht practices and nlanaaf a Mr trait aW Fisoo. who was not. Be r : . . . . ... t. tr. verthslcst, a coasmmta adept ot apanao w pfeaucy aad they eaght to bear io mind that Spaaiah projects and Spanish interests will not always be intrusted la the U. Etalet to tne suu - Ta these considerations, which, In mj opinion, are Worth the attention c4 the oadoo, I coald add some others, regarsling the necettityor the coataaieace of preventing the W atlioos from rrantinranT excluslfe commerrial advantage to oOWhatioaa. To wait till tome European Dtwers ava btve acktMwledred their sndepeod - ence, ia order to acknowledge it ourselves, does aot teem to tne the beat policy, inch a delay aot only coald not be of any advantage, but all i thing) token into consideration, cannot be honorable to the United States, and much lest to the principles proclaimed by ot tinea their first appearance a a nation. What will they oppose, then, in' order to be on an equal .footing with other nations f The identity of principles, the neighborhood, the necessity of forming a coun terpoise to European powers But these con - udera tiuns exist at present Will they plead ig norance of the justice of the oouuVAmencans This is incredible Will they allege the sympathy felt during the uncertainty of the contest .' ffndwhat will they adduce as a proof of it? Their inaction, or the law patted the 3d March, 1817! The example of Franca with regard to this country, the only one proposed by your correspondent, does not teem to me applicable u this case. Trance had no motive of any kind to sympathise with the revolted colonies i and the idea ot a people taking arms against their sovereign wat quite suhVient to deter any legitimate from pitying the injured people i but France wanted to check the growing prcpoodarancy ot uriana, and what better opportunity for it than the separation of the Norths merican colonies ? Bo it was that France tendered aid. and coeoperat'ion at the very moment that she heard of the revolt, and while Dr. Franklin wat yet in London remonstrating againit mlnbtenal abuses ; and at soon ai the wat prepared for war; and convinced that the revolt of the coloniet wat a little more than a transient resentment, or a mere trnu fa - tuus. she acknowledred the independence of these states, nay, declared war against England, and co - operated openly in fa ror of the friends of liberty.. .. . The disparity between that and the present case teems to me most striking : but havinr al ready occupied so mach ef your attention, I will not enter into a particular detail of it. - To conclude, I will reduce the whole subject to these simple qnesbons : 1st, it it an act ol justice, on the part of the U. States, to acknowledge the independence of those provinces of Spanish America, which are really and wholly independ ent .' 2d, Will they thus better promote their own commercial interests, than by waiting till be courts pf burope may have made similar declaration! ? 3d, Can it be indifferent to the Uni ted States, that royal authority should be com - nletolv re - established over Mexico and the Spa nish Mam, and that a single viceroy, with full and extraordinary authority, should be tent to those provinces ; 4th, And will they not have to make, in the last case, efforts, ex peaces, and sa crifices, incomparably superior to the indirect measures that they could adopt at present ? I bare purposely abstained Drum entering into the catalogue of injuries done by Spain to the U. states, because JVon noilrutn inter vet tmntat rtmpenere Ziei" ; And at your correspondent Justly observes, con. grest ought to resolve either to truckle to Spain or to prepare to vindicate the national honor. But I ought to apologise anew for having tres passed to much oa your attention. Can we be indifferent when the existence or prosperity of our country is in question ! No. And a voluntary omianon in the service of hit native land will never be reproached to COLOCOLO. Extract of a letter from Philadelphia, dated February 25. " On Tuesday evening attended Blondeau't concert, at which the reigning favorite at Phila delphia, Philippe, rung various tongs, and he only, to the moat numerous audience that ever met together on tuch an occasion in this place. I am told that nearly $1400 were the proceeds, although the weather through the day wat at bad at possible. He gave great satisfaction throughout, and you will be glad to heat be leavet Philadelphia at the end of the week for New - York." From the National InteVigencer, Fib. 2S. Law InUuigenee Among" the cases that have been discussed in the supreme court of the untied states, now in teuton, a very interesting question has arisen as to the jurisdiction of the Federal courts. Thit question arose in the case of the United States againtt John Bevent, on which a division of opinion took place between the judges of the curcuit court in Massachusetts, and the question wat consequently referred into the supreme court tor the determination of the judges of that tri bunal. The case was argued by Mr. Wirt (Attorney General) and Mr. Wheaton of New - lurk, for the United States, and by Mr. Web ster, of Boston, for the. accused. B evens was a marine on board the United States 74 run thip Independence, and waa in dicted for, and found guilty of murdering a teaman on hoard, while the tltip wat laying; in Boston horbor. It waa urged on the part ofl the prosecution that the place wbere the lay gave the circuit court cognisance of the offence, under the grant of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction given to the federal court in Uie constitution, and also because the crime waa committed on board a public imp of war. The jmijrmentof the court wat delivered by chiefiuatice marshalL on Saturday last. The iudgea wi re of opinion, that though congress had the power to legislate in the case, and to make the ottence punishable uuder the admi ralty jurisdiction riwn to the judiciary in the constitution, that congress had not exercised thit power in Uie act of 1790, for the punishment of certain crimes agai - st, the U. States or in any other law. They were likewise of opuiioa, that thuugli congress bad clearly authority to invest any of the federal cotirstror a court martial, Mth cognizance of offences cam. mitted on bo4rd of ships of war of the United Matet wherever they mitrht lay : yet. at Uie act of 1790, in speaking of a place wiUiin Uie exclusive jurisdiction or the United States, evidently teferrei only to objects immovable and strictly territorial such as a fort, arsenal, dock yard, kc and as by the nary mutiny act the eriAie of murder was punishable by a court martini, only when committed out of Uie limits of Uie United States, the off ence fur which the piisenerwas indicted wat not cognizable in uie circuit court. The consequence in. the accused can not be sentenced in the circuit court fur rhe crime of a hich he lias been found guilty, and the j - klg - ment aga.nst him will of course be arrested. . . - ;oe Uwn forty petitions were yciterdav ore - vctiieu in int. Douse oi representatives. Iu consequence of the accumulation of .bit description of business, conreti can do but little other ; and after &', it ia probable that not thirty bill. adeJ on such petition, are patmd at any sat - 'm. Hesidc f - utU - .ti.,; other important busi - 1 lacceedmgj aadthe U. Slates ought to rv'oljtct1"! Ihepeutious artttcolhertd ia their own o - TeTpowerisgToluai of word, an! tubjedit the saindi ot tne memDert, taugucu wm um .nil awffar claims en their attention, relax. and naturally become insensimv elaitsa,onenmottwouiiyuwrixxru. is, we tear, no remedy wumsini " " it would ba aa important alleviation of it, for each bo ate to prescribe a certain period ia the session, and that not far advanced, after which m nat.tinn shall be receiVCO. Alter ins an ivat ef that period, the twe bootet might proceed tysumatically with the tmtioets oemre uietu. with the hope or coming to tome usunm v iha hnainau h for them at each tetsion t which is now not only aot probable, but not possible f rem tA A urora. PhtinJehthia. 95A February. 1818. Sir I have read, in the Democratic Press of this day, aa article, purporting to De an - extract of a latter from Harrisburr :" in which ex - tractit it said, that, after that most honorable body, the senate, had refused to bear me at its bar, in support of my petition, another petition wat presented by me to the bouse ot representatives; that thit petition wat, by tome of the members, thourht " to eatt a rrfitetim on the oohtical institution" of thit country j but that, tht subject wat an wporiant one, ana mat, ii . w a tt e the indiitdxuU could be forgotten, it would, perhaps, be viewed in a different HglU.n Thit, air, it a pretty tort of shuffle indeed ! So, because 1 complain of great ana snouting injustice, suffered by me, under these institutions, h am to be accused of castinz reflection! on the institutions themselves, and, on the ground of that aecutation, my claim is to be rejected ! This mods of arruinz it tjinuher at to all peti tions for redrew of grievances. No, no, sir ! IU it not the ' mdi vidua! concerned" that needs to be " fortotten." Sav. rather, the six thousmj three hundred and seventy three dollars. If these coald be forrotten. the writer of the extract would, I Jancy, view the matter in the right light in a moment. It it impossible, air, for thit (tain on the government of the" state to be wiped away without the dolor of complete justice. I can perceive clearly enough what tome persons think will do. They are gently pre paring tne way tor nutming the people by recommending aa act to prevent the Me tn future, and thus, to keep the toustrs, and, at the same time,, as they imagine, to rrmorc tht odium. You remember, I dare say, the story of La Fontaine's Nun, who, having had one oat - fart?, became a virgin for the rest of her life ! I am, sir, your most hotunie, And most obedient servant, WM. COBBETT. From the Columbian. We are assured the followinr it a correct cony of Uie orieinal i and at it is denied that Uie rep - reseotatives or the city requested tne removal oi . ... .. . ... e Mr. Radcliff, we think proper to publish it. To Hit Excellency the Governor and tht boo. the council oi Appointment. The nndertiened resoectlullv rruresent to yosr honorable body, that Jacob Radcliff, Esq. the present Mayor of the city of New - York, it in their opinion aa unfit person longer to fill that honouiable and respectable office' they there fore pray mat ne may ne remove u ; ana io uoiog this, the subscribers are persuaded that they comply with the expectations, of tbecitixeat of new - vora. They also bee leave to recommend William Paulding, Jon. Esq at a suitable person to fill that office. In making thit communication, we are Influenced by no other coatiderations than to obtain a respectable and independent chief ma gistrate for the city, whereby tba dignity of the city will be supported, tot expectations of tne citizens gratified, and the republican cause essen tially nenenitea. H. Meirs. Robert R. Uunter, Peter Sharps, Sam'l Tooker Isaac Pierton, Ogdcn Ld wards. Cornelius Heeney, ciarKsoa l. roll as, Joan Morse, M. Ultboefler, MOBILE, Dec. 30. Captain Call hat returned to Fort Charlotte the patriot bond in embryo. He. we tears, pro - U U1H ftUOTB, HI M W limill - iak U.I VfMBUVt cecoea as lar as r on mootgomcry, woe re a lew patriots had collected under one Roan all but Roan bate been dismissed ; he is in confinement to await the legal investigation of our laws, ll all officers were as determined and intelligent as captain can we would nave no more oi tnete marauding parties. LEXINGTON, (Ky.) Feb. 7. Semmol srer 1 he Louisiana uaxette men tions a report from Mobile, that fort Crawford bad been stormed by the savages, and the ram - ton of fifty men put to death. We hope that the report may prove unJounaed. ' ""BOSTON. Feb. tS. A letter from capt. Bronson, of ship Milo, da ted Jan 4th, " at the floating light," states that I. . I 1 . . . i - mA A uw nau arrived ai wai piace in zu uays irom Charleston bar, averaging a little more than 8 miles an hour the wholt passage. His letter bag was deposited m the post - omce 2d Jan. The wind being S. E. he did not intend to get under - wcign till the next morning. A letter Irom Mr. John S. Carter, dated Li verpool, Jan. 2d, states that tome late arrivals of bops, at Leodon, from the continent, bad af fectodthe price of it, which had fallen a 10. American apples, in goed condition, are selling at 25 a 35t per bbl. - CONGRESS, nopta or mxraxtBRTATivu, ' Toesdav. Februarv 24. Oa motion of Mr. Taylor, of N. Y. the bouse resolved, after the pretent week, to meet at 1 1 oxioca instead ot iz. - Our relations with Spain. . Mr. Forsyth, in risiiur to offtr the followinr re - solutioo. adverb d to the documentt communica ted to the house by the Executive, from time to time, on the subject of our negoctauont with the Spanish government, and observed, that it would be teen by these documents, that attempts had been mane, by negotiations at Madrid and with the Spanish minister in this country, to bring the mailers in dispute with that government to a 6 sal settlement, but it had been been evaded by tne spanisn governmiot. j ne bouse nan oeea informed by the president, that a ne rociation was then pendiur ia W ashintrton, and it wat ve ry important, Mr. F, thought, the house should tie loiormea oi tne revolt, or oi tne ttate oi mat negocmtion. Fur hit own part, Mr. F. said, he wat DtrfecUy tired of oerociatmr oa oar differ ences with Spain. There had been ample time I or each government to know id determination oa Uie subject, and it wat time to know what proipect there wat of itt termination. Mr. V. then tuDfflitted the following resolution, which wat agreed te without opposition, and a committee appointed to communicate it to the president. Resolved. That the President of the U. States be and he it hereby requested, i in his opinion it is not inconsistent with the public interest to lay be lore this house to much of the correspond ence with the government of Spain at will enable Congress to judge what around Uicre is for ex pecting tut amicable and speedy adjustment of tne ainerences netweea that covet anient and the Hailed States. The nouse then again resolved itself into a com mittee of the whole. Mr. Livermore in the chair. oa the BANKRUPT BILL. Mr. Spencer moved to amend U first section! hy ttrikinr therelrom the words " merchant ami other," and sabtequeat parts thereof, te make it conform to the first alteration. The object of Iku .... . . . - . . k ... . - . tui luvtsuw waa wtfatve tne oiii te lis partial feature, to make its provision! ceoeral to th, community, aad to embrace all other classes a well as the mercantile, &J Mr. 8. proceeded to tMbmit bis reasons at hrosth. for ut sinrr to in - L - hHeUieMrit nltural'aod mannractnruir narts f the community, partitalarly the latter, and tut objections to a bill embracing the iBercaMile mss aiucH - ,iociocoTaiiy oat Mug on toe aecessf tvof torae rroerai aad nsiform law on the sub. ject of bankruptcy nr. oecciier tbocgbl the assesIntent ioexpe - plated; th - wgh a migot not be improper to ap - u - 'ni, pam - tuany i , ine lull extent sa ply tht bi9 totln mBDufbrturior part of fU eon inuiuiy apu, ia iiiuvttaatm vi tucse opinioni aiidofhitideatiausvoref a general tyttea ot bankruptcy be argued at tome length. . Tht question was then taken oa Mr. 8pencerY motion, and decided io the negative.. , , Mr. Spencer then moved to insert ftfter"tl. word M merchant," Uie word 'manufacturer.' fZ the purpose ot extending the application of the bill to the latter c'au of the conmumily ; and staled hit intention, in case thit motion prevail ed, to move to enlarge to 5,000 dollart the debt necetaary to entitle a creditor to apply for a com mission of bankruptcy, whkh extension wouM remove the objection that the admission of man - faclurert would include n number of petty irb - fleets ant contemplated by the bill. - To thit Mr. Hopkinton replied in tubsUacf that thit extension of Uie debt, to include manufacturers, would exclude many Uadert whort it was the ohptr.t of the bill to relieve. - . The quesUnn was then taken and the. molka breauvcu, wiuwtt a uivtaiuw. Mr. Clay rose and observed that be hajf Friday last voted against tti iking out the first lection of the bill, and if be bow supposed that bv one or two week't discussion the Howe could t gree on a bill useful tb Uie country, he should be willing to proceed, and devote that time to ht measure. But, alter the experience of Friday last, Mr. C. contested that he feared alt the la. bor which could be beitowed.on the bill would be throw n away, particularly since the decision, which had just taken place on tba modification! proposed by Mr. Spencer. Thit opinion he offered at an apology for tbe motion be tots to make, which wat to re - consider the vote oa striking out the first section, that tbe sense of tlw committee might be ascertained oa the principle of the bill, after it had decided to retain tbe feature just moved to be expunged. The motion to reconsider tbe vote of Friday was agreed to ayes 69, noes 58 ; when Mr. Clay, for the reasons before stated, re - newed the motion to strike out the first taction of the bill. Thit motion wat decided, without debate, ia the negative ayet 63, noes 60 by a second count, Uit ayet were 68, noes 71. Mr. Williams, of Piortn - caroUna, behevin. notwithstanding the vote just taken oa the fint section, that there would ultimately bt a mainri. ty of the houe against the bill, and for tht don pose tn ascenniuiui; vy ww caa anu nays the true lente of the house at once i moved fw the committee rise, that it might be rtfuttd Uart tout again, and the quenioa then decided in tht house. Mr. Mercer opposed this motion i and tork occasion to express bit disapprobation of the course pursued on thit subject, .in aiming to de stroy the bill in tne outset ty moving to strike out the first section. It wat alwavt allowed bv parliamentary justice and parliamentary courbf - sy to the friends of a measure to make It at perfect at they could, before the tense of tht house should be taken , on the principle of tot proposition. On thit occasion be had believe that there wat a majority of the home against the bill, and be wat therefore surprised to learn the result of the vote on Friday oa striking out the Brat section. or hit own part, be waa net ashamed to confers that bit opinion had been changed on this subject by the. able and conclus ive argument! which bad been urged ay bit friend (Mr. Hopkinton) in itt favor. Tbt friends of tbe bill ought not to despair, thtrttore, and he hoptd they would be permitted to prated ia maturing the measure. Mrs Clay remarked that hit object to the course whkh he had taken wat theecononotiy of tbe time of tht bouse. It wat trie that all the indicationi disclosed of the sense of the boost were in favor of Uie bill, but if any course could be adopted to save matenaUy toe time of tne bonte, it was fair to try it on thit measure ; be cause, if it were token up rerularly. and tne whole sixty - four sections discussed, which wonid consume one or two weeks, it wat vtry probable mat ine mil wouia ne tost by the vanance ot r" uon on tome of itt important details. Mr. enumerated tome of the proritions on which probably an invincible difference of opinion would exist; aad particularised the foatatw which reauires the consent el" twetbtrde ot the. creditors, which be tho't incompatible with the only principle that justified tne passage at a bankrupt law at all, which wat to relieve a man from hit creditors, on bis surrendering all kii property, and restoring bint to socisty. - This, and other provisions would, ba wat confident, consume much time, which, after all, he expected would be to no purpose ; and for thit ressta he had endeavored at once to anticipate the fual decision. Mr. Hopkinton laid the bill had stood tht shock of the vote to strike ont the first section, and the committee had decided to goon, and tee if they could not agree on tome system for this important object. He wat an unwilling at any out to consume uselessly the time of the bouse, but he wat opposed to a premature rejection of the measure, particularly after the repeated refusal of the committee of the whole to strike out the first section As to the provisions which bad been referred to, it would be time enough, when those fev tures were acted on, to see whether the committee could agree on them to any practicable purpose, and then act accordingly. He suggested therefore the propriety, if it could be dune, offirtt bringing up the provisions alluded to, that the sense of the committee might be obtained, and tee whether it would be worth while to proceed with the other details. Mr. Williams, having previously withdraw his motion, for that purpose i - ' Mr. Tucker of Va. in accordance with the suggestion of Mr. Hopkinton, moved that tht committee by, general consent agree to take up first for consideration the 36th tection of the bill (which provides for the permanent discharge of a bankrupt from all debts contracted previously to hit bankruptcy, having surrendered all his property to his creditors, ie.) Mr. Barbour, htvinr intended when this feature of the bill should come up tor discussion, to offer some remark t on it, bat unwilling to trouble the committee at so late tn hour ofthe day, hoped, (if it waa the intention of the friends of the bill to argue this prevr lion at alu) that the committee wouldnow rise, The committee, on motion of Mr. Terry, then rote, reported progress, and, after tome opposition thereto, obtained leave to sit again. Mr. Edwards, then, for the purpose ot trying conclusively the sense of the House oa this aubieet moved that the committee of tht whole be discharged from the further consideration ofthe bill, and that it be indefinitely postponed. .', - .. - . - Before tbia quest) was put, a motion w adjourn prevailed, and The House adjoin ned. Ctmavunsrarisn. XVtJmu Tm1i wl.n waa HieA and con victed at the last September Circuit Court of the U. States, in this ekr, of sinking; the ship Aristides aad sentenced to be executed oa Friday the 6th of March, has been respited bath President for 60 dayt, tn give the auprema court of the U. 8. time to consider the doubti entertained bv Judge Livinrtton with regard t the legality of hit conviction. ' The opinion ofthe Judges wiuproosuij - fluence the lresidcnt'a eventual decision - MAKKlfcL), Last evening, - by tbe HeviL Mr. MaitawWt, the Herd. James C. Crane, to Mm rouy Hubbard, all - 'thi'tity. DIED, "LL: la England, Robert Palmer, of the Vtftm Lnt Theatre, aged (1. ' J. gFENLo porrMARifft - Tjarrr CLEARED ' Brig Lovely Lydia, Thotiip.Tt, Phnadelphi Jchrt Industry, Kogmah, tederiOtbarf

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