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E R Â· ' I S M E M a M P T O F I C * J f *Â·,Â» MO I N Ii i; I NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII F1VK CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED VVinES MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUAKY 17, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 115 Majority Is Splitting As Is Custom Into Many Majorities MEN PLUNGE 200 FEET INTO SEA By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G TON, (CPA) -- T h e senate s h o w s an i n c r easing t e n d e n c y t o split into blocs. T h e s a m e tendency is noticeable among representatives, but not so decidedly. This is parily b ec a u-s e the senate's, .comp a r a t i v e l y small membership makes its trends easier to calculate t h a n shifts in. sentiment at the other end of the'cap- itol building. An investigator naturally can poll'96 senators faster than he can check up on 435 representatives. Senators More Outspoken. Besides, the average senator is more outspoken than the average represantative. Generally speaking, he is politically a "bigger man"--more independent than the i-epresentatorial type. A lew managerial representatives are sizable with any sertator, but it isn't the rule. The rank-and-file of representatives are kept knocked over the nose by their respective party organizations. Party discipline is much looser in the senate. Anyway, when an anti-administration insurrection starts, it invariably starts at the n o r t h (which is the senate) end of the capitol.' How Majorities Split. Such trouble does not start all at once, even in the senate', however. That is to say, a majority does not split squarely in two. What happens is this: A little group breaks off on some one issue. Another group , breaks off on some other issue. Others break oir on other issues. For purposes of mutual benefit they combine from time to time--Â· ; not alfo r gethfi.r.^aEreeing,Jout v recognizing that "they must unite iri order to" stand.' The otherwise helpless minority usually has the sense to- lend aid to the majority's malcontents-not necessarily from sympathy but to be helpful in raising heck. It is a gradual process. But, next thing the majority knows, it no longer is a dependable majority. Quick Changes Made. In 1928 it appeared that the G. O. P. was nearly as predominant as the new deal seems to be now. Democratic leaders actually admitted that they were afraid their party was finished as a national political factor. They hoped that they might be able to keep it going as a minor, opposition organization., mainly sectional in character, .but that was about their best guess. The late Speaker Joseph W. Byrns ot Tennessee was chairman of the beaten congressional campaign committee then. "The republicans," he told me, "are bound to win because they haven't any principles that they won't sacrifice for the sake oÂ£ victory. We democrats have principles--but different kinds, among ourselves, and we quarrel over them. So we lose." "Uncle Joe," as he was nffec- (ionately known was discouraged. Immediately thereafter,^ the republicans' formidable congressional majority split into blocs, as overwhelming majorities incline lo do. Two years following that melancholy interview I had with "Uncle Joe," his side was in control oÂ£ the house ot representatives, and presently he was in the speaker's chair. Restaurant Racket Secrets Disclosed in Trial LINDYS SAFELY LAND AS STORM SWEEPSDESERT Officials at Airport Were Previously Worried by Delay. JERUSALEM, (ff) -- Reports from Baghdad Wednesday night said Col. and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh had made a safe, forced landing in a sandstorm near Rulnah Wells, in the Syrian desert. Airport officials at Baghdad had expressed anxiety when the famous flyers were halt-an-hour overdue on the trip from Cairo. The .officials said a .sandstorm was blowing in the desert between Damascus and Baghdad. (Rutbah Wells route between is on the motor Damascus and Baghdad in the Syrian desert). Almaza Field officials at Cairo, Egypt, said they were not able to contact the Baghdad airport because the wireless station there had been closed down temporar.- i'y- - , The Lindberghs, flying a brand new orange and black sports plane, started out from England on the first of February on an unheralded air tour that has taken (hem through Italy, across the Mediterranean to Tripoli, to Egypt and thence lo Syria cnroute to Baghdad, Iraq. They spent Colonel Lindbergh's thirty-fifth birthday--Feb. 4--in Rome, where ."Lindy" met and 'chaf.EecTwilli' General Italo'Balbo, : Italy's premier ace.- The day before they had landed at ancient Pisa after skirting a storrh over the Alps. Wednesday brought the first actual forced landing of the flight, although the Lindberghs bucked a G5 mile an hour gale in flying from Rome to Sicily last week. Iowa Senate Against U. S. Court Change MOINES, (/P)-- The Iowa senate voted 2!) to 20 Wednesday to condemn "the request of the president for a change in the personnel" oÂ£ the supreme court. Senator Sam D. Goetsch (D) of Decorah voted with the 28 republican senators, while remaining democrats solidly opposed the resolution which, besides censuring the proposed court change, praises United States Senator Guy M. Gillette (D) of Iowa for his opposition lo the president's court program. Before the resolution v adopted, the senate by the sa vote turned thumbs down on on capitol hill, I democratic amendment which would have urged congress to "act favorably upon the request ot the president for progressive legislation." Since the resolution as f i n a l l y adopted was in the form of a senate resolution, it will be sent to Iowa members of congress without action by the house. The house last week turned down a similar resolution ot censure. LOOK I N S I D E FOR- JOHN BARRYMORE Great Lover of Screen in Bankruptcy Petition ON PAGE 2 3 Member Conservation Commission .Proposed ' ' ' ' ' ' Mason City's School Election on March 8 ON PAGE 16 Trojans Beat Frosh m Extra Long Game ON PAGE 11 300 Businessmen Hear Jimmie Gheen Speak ON PAGE 16 TWO SEIZED IN ALCOHOL RAID Rudd Doctor, Charles City- Man Face Charges Here. Dr. Charles H. Cords of Rudd and George C.-Ryan of diaries City each waived preliminary hearing be'fore Police Judge Mor- SKIES CLOUDED OVER IN STATE Weatherman Says Lower Temperatures in Store . for Eastern Iowa. DKS M.OJNKS, f/P)--Iowa skies clouded over Wednesday as temperatures averaged about 12 degrees above normal and light rains fell in the extreme western portion. The weatherman forecast rain or snow for the eastern portion and colder mercury readings Wednesday night. In store for Thursday, he said, are lower temperatures in the extreme eastern portion and partly cloudy weather. Minimum temperatures anticipated for Wednesday night: Northwest Iowa, 10 degrees above northeast, 15 above; southwest, 15 above, and southeast, 20 above. Lowest official temperature early Wednesday was 18 degrees above, reported by Charles City, while the official high of the last 24 hours, 40 above, was reported by Sioux City. Jap Boat Sends SOS Signal Following Its Collision With Whale YOKOHAMA, Japan, (.T)--Following .a collision with an enormous whale, a 102-ton Japanese whale boat flashed an SOS Wednesday, reporting she had sprung a bad leak and was sinking. Two steamers reported they were rushing to the rescue. Awarded -S250 Judgment, SIOUX CITY, (IP) -- A $250 judgment against the city was awarded Wilfred Whitten, 10, because of a coasting accident in' which his sled struck an open sewer. The court found that the boy's teeth were permanently injured in the accident. The boy's mother, Mrs. Evelyn Whitten, sued for $10,350. No Reduced Tuitions. INDIANOLA, W--Dr. Earle U. Harper, president of Simpson college, announced that the college will discontinue the practice of granting reduced tuition to students whose parents arc ministers and faculty members. Dr. Harper also announced an increase in tuition from ?80 to 590 a semester. Y ris Laird bound to Wednesday and were "ic grand jury en charges of illegal transportation of alcohol, following the .seizure ot 'IB gallons ot alleged alcohol in a raid staged here by federal agents and local police officers Tuesday officers seized the car of night. The Dr. Cords near the interseclion of Seventh street and South Federal avenue at 9:30 o'clock in the evening. The car, a 193(5 Chevrolet coach, was owned by Dr. Cords. In the seizure were 36 gallons of alleged non-taxable alcohol in containers and 48 half pints of tax paid alcohol in a case. Ryan also had two gallon cans of alcohol in his hand when the officers made the raid on the car. The alcohol and cai- will be confiscated, according to officers, and the men will face charges of violating the Iowa liquor control act and the federal liquor taxing act of 1934. Fails to Identify Man Held as Suspect on Charge of Murder DES MOINES, (/P)--State bureau of investigation agents said Tuesday Frank Robertson of Newton failed to identify Clarence Gift, 37, whom officers are attempting to link with the Carlisle strawstack murder. Robertson, a Hartford farmer at the time of the slaying, July 24, 1925, told officers he saw a man working on the motor of an automobile on a road near the straw- stack the night the stack burned. The agents said Piobertson, who viewed G i f t at Ihe Warren county jail in Indianola, asserled "Gift's face is flat, while the man I saw had a full rounded face." EVIDENCE GIVEN BY "INFORMER" REVEALS FACTS First Mobster in Decades to Speak Frankly Says He Was "Errand Boy." By EDWARD J. NEIL NEW YORK, (.T-j--The sweetest informer's "song" since "Bald Jack" Rose pinned the murder of Gambler Herman Rosenthal on Police Lieut. Charles Becker and four gunmen in 1912 echoed Wednesday through New York's 52,000,000 restaurant racket trial. Just as Rose "made" the case for District Ally. Charles S. Whitman --probably made him governor of New York state as well--so has Mbbsman Louie Beitcher built for S p e c i a l Rackets Prosecutor Thomas E. Dewey a sensational wait of damning testimony around eight defendants. He's the man with the marble mien--Beitcher--but with a crystal memory as well. Husky and stony-faced, dressed in the flaring colors of a motion picture mobster, Beitcher frankly admits his part as a small time collector in the racket that is alleged to have made millions yearly for the slain Dutch Schultz and his gang. Hones for 10 Year "Rap." So his seat on the witness stand in Justice Philip J. McCook's stale iupreme court room has been more like the. well lighted stage of a, theater for the past two days. ~ From-it BeUcher, already-pleaded guilty and hoping now for a modest "rap" of ten years or so has woven the inside picture of what Prosecutor Dewey charges is one of New York's richest and most vicious rackets, of fake unions, stench bombs and picket lines--threats of violence that brought the biggest restaurants on Ihe White Way meekly into line. Without changing expression, baffling the horde of lawyers tearing at him for the defense, the 46 year old witness has spiced his talc with references here and there lo the killings oÂ£ Schultz and his right hand man, Jules Martin; the murder of a waiters' union official Abe Borson; and the suicide of one of those indicted, Sam Pincus, on the eve of the trial. ".lust an Errand Buy." "Me? I was just a $GO a week e r r a n d boy," says Beitcher, straightening his maroon tie, with tan squares, against the broad front of his blue gray suit. "When I got the job Sam Krantz told me there was nothing to worry about, no killing. Me? I never carried a gun in my life. You didn't have to threaten them with a gun " Krantz, allegedly the chief collector for Schultz, is still at large, the only man Dewey sought who got away. Sennit/, went down under a volley of shots in a Newark, N. J.. restaurant, and the body of Martin was found one morning, tied hand and foot, in n snowdrift outside of Troy, N. Y. There was a bullet through his head. Who "Got" Scliult-/,? Beitcher explained that Martin a few days earlier had complained out loud about "the boss" demanding 521,000 Â· from the "union" treasury at a time when pickings were lean. No one ever has been certain who "got" Schultz later, and why. About the murder in 1D33 of Borson, secretary of the waiters' union? Well, Beitcher testified he demanded $10,000 on behalf of the gang from a Forty-second street restaurant, that picket lines were organized, and when he finally collected a $7,500 compromise, Borson refused to w i t h d r a w the (pickets. The lines were w i t h drawn, though, after Borson was found murdered. "But I had nothing to do with that," says Beitcher. "I went where I was I old and contacted people. I got .$60 a week." Big Restaurants Victimized. His memory fascinates, and likewise thrills Proseculor Dewey. Available alike lo the racket buster and the defense are photo- stats of a chart listing the 50 or more restaurants allegedly victimized, famous New York places, such as Lindy's, Jack Dempseys, the Hollywood, Steuben's cafeteria and restaurant chains where most of Manhattan eats at least once a day. Lawyers read off a name. Beitcher knows the address, knows to whom he talked there, bow much he got. He estimates, collecting mostly ?1,000 and Sl.IiOO at a time, that he took in $100,000 himself. Paul McNutt Nominated as Commissioner WASHINGTON, (^--President Soosevelt nominated Paul V. Mc- tfutt, former governor of Indiana, Wednesday to be United States high c o m m i s- 30 HOUR WEEK S DEMAND the Is- Taul V. M c K u t t s i o n e r to Ph i 1 i ppine lands. M c N u 11 will f i l l a place that has been vacant since l a t e last summer w h e 11 F r a n k Murphy was g i v e n a leave ot absence from tiie post lo L'tin for governor of Michigan. McNult c o m- p l e t e d a four year t e r m as governor of Indiana last month. The I n d i a n a n visited the white house W e d nes- day. L a t e r he said he would remain h e r e a month before going lo Manila. Mission lo Arrive. McNult said the president wanted him to be here when the Philippine mission headed by President Manuel Quezon arrives to discuss future trade relations between the two countries. Asked iÂ£ there was nn understanding he would remain on the assignment for a definite period, he said: "1 won't*- comment on that.' 1 The former governor 1 said he had given his answer to the ptesi- _denj.ls_fitter...Wednesday. He \vil leave Wednesday, night for Indiana by the way of Pittsburgl where he speaks Thursday night Lawyer-soldier, McNutt is 45 years old. He was national commander of the American Legion in 1928. Harvard Law Graduate. He was graduated from Harvard law school in 1916 and was dean of the Indiana university school of law from 1925 to 1933. He holds several foreign military decorations. During the World war he served as artillery instructor in the officers' training corps and c o m m a n d i n g o f f i - cer of three separate u n i t s ot the field artillery reserve division. McNutt said he would t a k e hi? family with him lo Manila. The high commibsioncrship pays $18,00(1 a year. A new $750,000 residence for the commissioner ii now being constructed on a hil overlooking Manila bay. Since Murphy left the post, J AVeldon Jones of Texas, forme: financial adviser to the high commissioner, and former insular auditor, has been acting commissioner. Paul McNutt spoke before a joint gathering of the Americai Legion and Auxiliary in Mason City several years ago. He alsi addressed the Iowa departmeni of the Legion at a slate conven tion at Dubuquc a few years ago The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Mostly cloudy, rain or snow In eastern portion, colder Wednesday n t j r l i t ; Thursday, partly cloudy, colder In extreme cast portion. MINNESOTA: Mostly cloudy, snow in extreme cast portion, colder Wednesday night; Thursday partly cloudy, rising temperature in northwest portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazelle weather figureTM for 24 hour period ending at o'clock Wednesday morning: Maximum Tuesday 30 Above Minimum in Nipht 15 Above At 8 A. i\I. Wednesday 29 Above Another day of melting Tues day had reduced the Mason Cit snow level to 7 inches from m a x i m u m of 12.50 inches recordei earlier in the month. Clouds too command of the situation Wed nesday forenoon and the temper ature, modulating under a win from the south, reached a point 3 degrees above zero by 1:45 o'cloc in the afternoon as the snow leve continued to recede. He can tell instantly the place Krantz covered in person. Jack Dempsey, positively, h never met in his life, he says. So, with the end of the prose cution's case in sight, Beitcher first mobster to talk this frankl. in court here in a couple of dec ades, apparently has made youn Dewe.y's job easy. Dewey, a republican, has beci prominently mentioned as guber natori.'il material. OF MINE WORKERS )emands in Contrast With Operators' Proposal to Extend Hours. NEW YORK, (.1')--The United line workers Wednesday dc- landed a 30 hour work week for 00,000 miners in the soft coal in- luslry. The mine union, opening ne- oliations with bituminous oper- lors on. terms for ;t new wage nd hour scale agreement, also icmunded: 1. A wage increase of !() cents a day for miners paid by the day. 2. An increase of 25 cents a ton for pick mining. 3. An increase of 13 cents a ton lor coal loaders and 2 cents a ton for cutters. 4. /^ guarantee of 200 work days each year, and 5. Two weeks vacation with f u l l pay--miners paid by the ton to receive S6 a day during vacations. Contract Knils in March. The present contract ends March 31. The miners' demands contrasted with a proposal by Ihe oper- Uors lo extend the present 35- lour week lo 40 hours with no change in tonnage rates but a 15 icr cent cul in hourly rates. Philip Murray, vice presiden of the MmeraL.uniorij:,. read the miners' proposals 'which. 1 ' also called for a 2 year contract, time and one-half /or overtime, creation of a joint miners-operators commission to adjust rates for machine mining and adjustment of wage differentials between and within districts. John L. Lewis, president ot the .inion, still pale from the bad cold he contracted while negotiating :he settlement ot the General Motors strike, sat on the sidelines while his first lieutenant read the demands. miners, Operators Meet. Previously the joint conference lad organized to start negotiations t h a t coal men generally expect will last--with interruptions-- u n t i l the deadline al m i d n i g h t , March 31. About 200 miners and 200 operators assembled in the music: room of a hotel (BiUmorc) here for the conference. Having won an agreement for the United Automobile Workers with the General Motors corporation, the C. I. O. head, who also is president of the United Mine Workers of America, now is setting out lo obtain shorter hours and higher pay for his own sofl coal miners. After this task is completed, he expects to tackle steel--to try to win recognition for the Amalgamated Association of Iron. Sleel and Tin workers ns the exclusive representative of all steel mill employes. Â·100,000 May Strike. The present agreement between miners and soft coal operators expires at midnight, March 31. Unless a new agreement is signed before that time or the present pact is extended,' 400,000 miners may go on strike Aprrf t. The United Mine Workers Journal, however, called strike predictions "foolish" in an editorial printed Tuesday. "No one knows whether (here will be a suspension of operations on the first of April or any other date," the editorial said. "Only time can determine that question and all ot this wild guesswork now being indulged in is the merest vol." Lewis added, at. a press conference. Tuesday night in Washington: ''f nbhor strikes, We don't plan any strikes now or in the future. If these negotiations arc unsuccessful and the working agreement is not renewed, our men simply will be out of jobs." The operators, contending that increasing competition from fuel oil, natural gas and hydro-electricity makes reduction of mine costs imperative, went into the negotiations with a demand for an increase in the work week from 35 to 40 hours without change in weekly or tonnage pay rates. This would mean a cut of about 15 per cent in hourly rales. Rhodes Pleads Innocence in Murder Case IOWA CITY, (#)--Walter H. iDusty) Rhodes, confessed slayer of his wife, Mable, 31, entered a plea of not guilty to the alleged ciime before Judge James P. Gaff- icy at the arraignment here at o'clock Wednesday morning. The accused man is being hold on Â§25,000 bond which was set by Judge Gattney. Trial Time Uncertain. The judge did not sel the time the trial but said that he would confer with the attorneys ot the stale and the attorney for the defendant, Will J. Hayek, before setting any definite time for the trial. Judge Gaftney said that he would confer with the attorneys within the next day or so. Rhodes' arraignment was originally scheduled for Monday but \VEIS continued at that time because the defendant had not counsel or attorney. Had Confessed Murder. Gaffncy, at the time, appointed W i l l J. Hayek, local attorney, to defend the former tavern-proprietor, at his request. Arraignment started promptly at 9 o'clock Wednesday morning and was concluded at 9:20. Rhodes confessed to tricking his wife into pulling the trigger of a dynamite-loaded' shotgun in ihe stale bureau of investigation office al Des Moines last Sunday. The crime was alleged to have been committed in the Rhodes' low;i City home last Tuesday afternoon. Former Inwan Dies in Itlalin. BOISK, Idaho, (/P)--Thomns H. Rigby, 91, of Boise, died hero Tuesday night. He was born in Mcchanicsvillc, Iowa, and came to Idaho in a covered wagon train. NONE HURT AS SHIPS COLLIDE Italian Ship and American Freighter Crash' in Columbia River. PORTLAND, Ore., f/P) -- The Italian molorship Feltre and the American freighter Edward Luckenbach collided in ii gale on the Columbia river early Wednesday, the Fcltrc s i n k i n g up to her prom- fMiacl'2 deck and the LucUcnbach grounding on lonely Collonwood island All hands were saved on both vessels. The Edward Luckenbach had a crew nf 38 and the I'eHre had about 2G. Neither boat was reported to have carried any passengers. Reports trickling from the scene said at least half Ihe crew of the Feltre was taken off by the tug Warrior. The Warrior was standing by. Cause Not Known. Cnuse of the collision, 40 mile? down the river from Portland, could nol be ascertained i m m e d i p ile)y but may li;ive boon Ihe work of winter's worst storm over the bro;td Columbia. The I.uckenbnch was picturcc in reports as grating i n t o the sands of Cotlomvood islnnd after Ihe crnsh, her bow stove in. The river was thought to be about 35 feet deep at the scene of the collision, which would explain the sinking of liie Fellre only to her promenade deck. The motorship, also a passenger carrier, presumably had none but her crew aboard. Disaster struck as the Fellre picked her way down the river, while the Luckenbach slowly steamed toward Portland. At the. river's mouth the storm was so violent that observers classed it as "terrible." Coast guard cutter Ononadagn hurried up river from Astoria, RO miles away nt the river's mouth. I.iickcnhach I.arjrcr. CATWALK FALLS AT NEW GOLDEN GATE'S BRIDGE Eight Bodies Thought to Have Been Swept to Ocean. SAN FRANCISCO, (iP) -- The construction catwalk ot the vast Golden Ga.fe bridge collapsed Wednesday and several men were believed to have plunged into the ocean. The victims fell 200 feet mid Bridge officials said they did not believe the men could have survived. Eight bodies were though I to vc been swept In sea niul a ve- rt raid n const guard hart licked up two men. It was nnt. mown whether they were alive. Crashes Through Nets. The walk, used in building Ihe giant span, crashed through part of Ihe safely nets. "We don't know how many men iverc carried away," the engineer's office attendant at the scene reported. 'The men were stripping awny [he timbers when something Ra\'R .vay suddenly with a loud noise." Fell Into Water. Seven or eight men were believed to have fallen about 200 feet to the water, but this could not be verified until the roll was called. The catwalk, for men lo traverse the hridge while working, r n u beneath the two giant suspension cables. The safety nets were placed beneath the Ions spnn tn prevent men from toppling i n t o - , space. They already had saved lives of. 11 worko"! ^'-^ Â· Witnessed said the timbers and materials f r o m . t h e catwalk suddenly lore loose and fell into the safely nets. The nets were ripped loose and (lie mass of debris fell into the water. Workers were stripping temporary steel and wooden forms from the bridge deck when a carrier wheel snapped. Forms Sway Dizzily. The forms swayed dizzily nml then crashed into the safety net. The net, swung u n d e r the bridge to prevent workers from toppling lo Ilicir deaths, was unable to withstand the terrific strain. With a roar. Ihc mass dropper! and tore away 2,100 feet of t h e center span net. The twisted wreckage and h e l p less men struck the water nl. the entrance tn San Francisco bay. Strong tides swept the victims to sea, while rescue boats put out in an effort to recover the bodies. The accident was the first serious one since construction began. Joseph B. Strauss, engineer, iiad ordered that all precautions be taken in efforts lo establish a safety record. Safety nets had proved successful in catching workers who lost their footing and fell. World's Longest Sp;m. The Golden Gate bridge is tho world's longest single .suspension .span stretching '1,200 feet from lower to tower across t h e e n t r a n c e to Sim Francisco's harbor. The bridge is in he opened in May. Its cost has approximated S.IS.OOO.OOI) including f i n a n c i n c and equipment. H reaches from Old Fort Point in the San Francisco Presidio lo the rocky shore of Mnriii county, and will be n t r a f f i c "short cut" to northwestern Cali lamia. It is the first bridge over con- strutted across the entrance to a major world harbor. The deck is 214 feet above high water at I ho span center. The lowers which support the yard-thick cabes arc 745 feel hifih. Thr s i n k i n g apparently ot Ihc Fcltro and lesser f a t e of the Georgia Democrat in Opposition to F. R. Stand on Judiciary WASH I NGTON, W) -- Senator George (D., Ga.) joined I lie opposition lo President Roosevelt's Luckenbach was explained by the fact that the Luckenbach is a third as largo again a craft. Her) a statement Tuesday ' t h a t the pro- tonnage is 5,987 against only 3,V73 posal to increase the supreme comt reorganization program with for the Fellrc. It was the worst ship accident in many months on the Columbia, inland water gateway to Oregon and Washington. Much worse in maritime record, however, was the disaster which sent the freighter Iowa to the treacherous sands ot the river's mouth Jan. 12, 1936, with her crew of 34. Poking her prow out of the Columbia seaward in a storm whose winds raged up lo 90 miles an hour, the fowa sank with jtti hands, leaving only her masts to stick like lombstones above her burial ground. court was "unwise" supreme and would "impair the independence of the federal judiciary. "I have not hestitaled lo say to all those who have written to me. that in my opinion this particular recommendation of the president is unwise and that iÂ£ approved, will impair the independence of the federal judiciary. "In the long run, a court free from both executive and congressional domination, will be found more useful to the people than the immediate enactment of any legis- lalive program, however desirable. "A subservient judiciary is worse than no judiciary at all."