The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 24, 1936 · Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 24, 1936
Page 4
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 24 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A' A. \V. LEE NEWSFArEK Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Slat" street Telephone No. 3801 LI W El LI M: o th lOt O M: Ioln LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL, HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOlD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED FBESS which Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication ol all news dispatcher credited to it -not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. LIEMBEB, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Molncs news and business olllcu at 405 Shops Bulldlnc. er S ·er i er 5 SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason Citv and Clear LKke, Xuon City and Clear Lake by th» year S7.00 by the week f 15 OUTSIDE MASON C1T5T AND CLEAR LAKK Per year by carrier $7.00 By mall 6 months S2.25 Per ween by carrier .... J .15 By mall 3 mouths 5125 Per year oy mall 5-1.00 By mall 1 month * .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year 56.00 Six months....53.25 Three months. ..51.75 r* OWi ess £ t itis ae 1 »ar IB res sei ?° ·.sti id '. : J ' me re 30 at h .7 J o It 05 EISA UU ·H-d ' tea ' do i 30 ·' O!' THEY PAY BUT DON'T PAVE L ONG, long ago this newspaper began inviting attention to the very obvious fact that under the Iowa plan of road-building those counties which failed to avail themselves of paving would eat dust and wallow in mud while helping to pay for the .hard- surfacing- in more progressive counties. There's jusl a little satisfaction, therefore, in the evidence that this fact shows signs--a dozen years tardy--of impressing- itself on northwest Iowa where the "Whal was good enough for father is good enough for me" idea as to roads has persisted longest. This by way of introducing the following editorial "County Pays for Paving," from the Ida Grove Pioneer-Record: "Minus paved roads, save for eight miles federallj built a few years ago, and without a dollar of paving bond indebtedness, Ida county nevertheless today pays heavily for the paving: she doesn't possess. Her costs are business losses and fearful depreciation of motor cars. "The break-down of graveled primary roads ha! brought transportation paralysis, heavily decreasec store sales, idleness to truckers equipped to carry finished livestock to railway or market, suspension . in the' collection of cream and other produce, difficulty in the distribution of fuel and food. For months to come, bills for restoration and maintenance will mount by the thousands of dollars beyond any previous precedent. "Counties in the gravel belt, where transportation was blocked most of four weeks, now must bear the extra burden of having roads impassable by melting snow and ice, in practically the same degree as the unimproved side roads. But in counties with pavement, business is going on nearly as usual, farmers -having an incentive to open their side roads as far as the nearest paving, knowing that once there, the concrete highway can quickly lead them to the desired town or city. In paved counties, trade betweer town and countryside has been largely restored and marketing of livestock and grain takes place on schedule. "If an election could be held this week, the isolated and disgusted residents of Ida county would wallow through seas of mud to authorize paved rules in no uncertain fashion. But a few weeks of sunshine will restore roads in a fashion and bring forgetful- Bess about losses and disappointments. "Will citizens then prefer the splendid isolation .'offered by their graveled roads, turning cold shoulder Jto the arguments of the few who recognize that the jtruest economy lies only in highways that are really permanent? Will they continue to prefer the poor imitations that break down in times of emergency? 'Isn't it about time that Ida county and northwest Iowa got wise?" This concluding question will find a rather general ire-echoing. The fear once held that the road bonds would come back as a charge against property has been knocked into a cocked hat by the successful handling of the issue through the darkest depression days. Really, it would be difficult to find any reasonable argument against paving in Ida and the other northwest Iowa counties. But, of course, it's .their own affair. If they like the plan of paying for pavement without getting it, it's not our worry. SAFETY DETRUCKS N OTHING in the highway safety picture today is more heartening than the increased and increasing emphasis on careful driving by concerns which maintain truck fleets, for their own use or for commercial hire. In the earlier days of highway transportation, the ijiconsiderateness of truck drivers--some called it in- ;olence--was notorious. It used to be noted that this Utribute occurred in almost exact proportion to the aze of the vehicle driven. Nobody who uses the highways to any great, ex- ent can miss the fact that all this is changed, these lays. There is both a premium and an insistence on Courtesy at the wheel. It has been reduced to a mat- -er of good business. That the policy is bringing eminently satisfactory esults is demonstrated by an article in the current ssue of "The Trucker," official publication of com- lercial carriers of Iowa and the two Dakotas. It de- ails the safe-driving efforts of the Sioux City divi- -ion of the Borden company. To quote: "In 1935 the divisions trucks and automobiles were driven 1,041,209 miles without being involved ' i a preventable accident. "The Sioux City branch operates 27 trucks and seven automobiles. Nationally, the Borden company 1 is the sixth biggest fleet owner in the country, with ",627 trucks and 1,010 automobiles. "Thirty-seven regular truck and car drivers were on the payroll, December 31, 1935. Up to that time ;wenty-three of these men had driven three years without a preventable accident. The fourteen others ' lad driven from six months to thirty months with- ut a preventable accident. "The men who completed three years without an iccident received beautiful gold buttons bearing the vords, 'Safe Driver.' Underneath the words are hree stars--one star for each perfect year. "Buttons of different color were given to those vho drove perfectly for lesser periods. Needless to ay, it is considered an honor in the Borden organ- zation to win safe driver emblems." This, of course, represents the affirmative ap- ·oach to the problem, with premium on safe-driving jformance. There's another approach--penalty rough loss of job for those involved in accidents, ime companies don't even inquire upon whom the ime rested. The fact of an accident is final. Our own inclination would be to the former plan action although companies which have tried both )uld be in a. better position than we to say which ' superior. The important thing, from our viewpoint, that both plans are based on and recognize the ·ge importance of highway safety. In the Iowa State Safety council now getting un- r way in all sections of Iowa, trucks and buses have an taken into consideration. The assignment of nging them actively into the program has been given Herman H. Koch of Sioux City, which is a guar- tce that the job will be well done. For the best contemporary example of the ancient art of gerrymandering, consider the districting of the recent state high school basketball tournaments. Jimmie Walker isn't going to adopt a baby because too much publicity is involved. When before was Jimmie ever restrained by fear of publicity? If Al Smith were less a creature of party, he would stay and play the game instead of taking a walk. Water street would have been an appropriate name for any number of them in Pittsburgh last week. Simile: Slight as Europe's chances of talking Uncle Sam into financing another world war. The day's best investment is a little contribution to the Red Cross flood relief fund. Herbert Hoover is just four years too late with his effective oratory. Common sense is the one transcendent essential of sale driving. The PROS and CONS BORAH AND BROOKHART Tulsa Tribune: Former Senator Brookhart of Iowa earned for himself a considerable reputation as a barker because he never knew any too much about what he was barking at. He accused Governor Landon, of Kansas, of being a tool and an employe of the Standard Oil company. Of course he could have been and still be an honest and decent businessman. But the fact that Landon is not, and never was, an employe of the Standard Oil company marks Brookhart for just what he is. A man may be mistaken. But if he is a MAN he admits a mistake. But Brookhart corrects no mistakes. This Brookhart statement preceded by some months the statement which Senator William E. Borah of Idaho made the day before yesterday. We have always had a very high regard for Senator Borah's integrity, his high-minded motives and honesty of purpose. We are frankly disappointed to find him now, out of a political zeal, barking as Brookhart barks, making- untrue statements. PAGING EDGAR (NOT HENRY) WALLACE! Marshalltown Times-Republican: According to investigation conducted by the Mason City Globe-Gazette "Jay Franklin" the new political mentor of the Des Moines Register, is also J. Franklin Carter, alias John Carter, depending whether he is engaged in the state department at Washington, or special assistant to Tugwell, or ghosting for the new deal in Des Moines. Very confusing and should be explained. As the Globe-Gazette suggests "another field of interesting speculation is whether users of the feature which prompted this discussion pay or get paid for doing it." Very mysterious. Edgar Wallace might have made a thriller based on the mystery. Getting- almost as mysterious as "who got the seals." HOW HIGH CAN YOU COUNT? Philadelphia Inquirer: Mr. Twitchell enters 'the campaign with the feeling that what the people need is to get back · to figures that they can understand, appreciate and comprehend. "We are really a five or six figure nation," says Elmer, "and when we run up against sums in nine, 10 and 12 figures we're swamped. "You can get an average American to fight over a sum he can understand, but when the figures get too numerous they don't mean a thing to him and he just don't give a damn." A NEIGHBOR'S VIEWS OF NORMAN HAYS Knoxville Journal: The Journal is glad to indorse Judge Hays as a man of high character, a thorough student of the law, of judicial poise and temperament and possessing those qualities of mind and heart which we instinctively associate with the judiciary. :Ie is in the prime of life and bodily vigor and if nominated and elected to the Iowa supreme court will add credit and distinction to the great court. JOURNALISTIC "FAST ONE" Algona Upper Des Moines: In Chicago, the Tri- oune pulled a fast one on the Daily News. They got the Chicago city council to vote in daylight saving time. Now the Daily News cannot get its late market and stock quotation edition into the street before the Tribune, due to a change in time schedule everywhere but the postoffice. HAS FRED CHANGED? Cresco Times: The time was when Fred was a staunch defender of that immaculate product--oleomargarine. He said it was the poor man's butter a"nd should not be taxed. But, of course, any one has a right to change his mind; our president has done it many times, so why not concede the same right to a congressman. UNWORRIED BY THIS WAR'S COST Whittemore Champion: We note by our daily that Italy's Ethiopia campaign has cost to date ?442,000,300. This, by the way is one thing concerning which the cost does not worry us. We don't like spaghetti and no matter how high the Italians tax we are secure in the confidence that we won't have to pay any of the tax. WHEN FAME IS OVER Davenport Democrat: When fame and fortune ends, how quickly one may be forgotten! Time there was when the name of Jean Patou, most famous of all french dressmakers and style dictators, was known n millions of homes. Yet Patou died in Paris several days ago, in obscurity and in poverty. EDITORIAL INTENTION Fairmont Sentinel: A republican praised, a democrat- damned Page 8 for saying some fairly decent words about Herbert Hoover. Well, you can't please everybody when you aren't particularly trying to please anybody. STORY OF THE TAX RECEIPT Spencer News-Herald: Do you remember 'way jack when we were promised a reduction in property axes if the new three-point tax bill was passed by he general assembly ? Now look at your tax receipts, f any. WELCOME DISCOVERY Davenport Times: Discovery that -crow is edible l provide some comfort for a lot of persons who may have to eat it before this campaign year is over. STRANG°ELY"SILBNT Cedar Rapids Gazette: Whatever became of the lew deal's backhand champion, General Johnson? DAILY SCRAP BOQK by Scott MONTGOMERY oF BUFFALO, rJ.V-, WR.rfi'EN 1,500,000 PUBLISHED WORDS ON -trie HOBBY OF STAMPS AMER1CAN HEN BRINq #80,000,000 ·'frUS "fORMADO 1)4 MINNESOTA. IN 1928, A REAL'TWIS-IER\ A IK 1888 , WAS LOCA.U USE flcT-JASPER., M/HN., -JULY 7 COPYRIGHT. 1936. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN GREAT FOLK OFTEN HAVE ODD HABITS DEOPLE WHO DO unusual things in the world are ·T usually unusual. They have one part of their nature developed at the expense of the rest, and that part of the nature allows them to do acts of genius. With this goes the compensatory quality of doing queer things. The ordinary person hears of their goings-on and says, "Well, you will never catch me doing that," which is quite true. You will never catch him doing the great things that genius does, either. The rules of life which we order for our average selves must be relaxed for the creative genius, but before you demand a relaxation of the social code for yourself, you should be sure you are a great creative genius. People are always saying, "I would certainly like to meet so- and-so." Take it from one who has had some experience in that line, Or. ClencUninf that most of the great of the world are so queer that they are not good ordinary company. It is not unnatural with their restless, eager minds, which utterly forbid them from doing anything in the routine way, and which always need new ideas and new sensations, that they should stimulate them by the use of drugs of one kind or another. Thomas de Quincey is an outstanding example of a man of letters who was addicted to opium. He was, in fact," rather proud of his habit, and praised the use of the drug in his book, "The Confessions of an English Opium Eater." De Quincey began the use of opium when he was 19, for the relief of neuralgia; the neuralgia was in his stomach and, to our modern eyes, seems to have been really ulcer of the stomach-"periodic or seasonal ulceration of the stomach," bis biographer calls it, and all doctors and all patients will recognize the seasonal variation of the disease. He was not a regular addict, however, because he usually waited until Saturday night to go on a debauch. He probably never took opium regularly during any time in his life. Neither the ulcer of the stomach nor the habit seems to have harmed him because he lived to be 75 years old. Foe is the one who comes to mind most readily when alcoholism is mentioned in connection with literary genius. Poe was a typical alcoholic because his mind was so restless. As long as he could work at a story or a poem, or a mathematical. problem, or a puzzle, he,was sober and contented, but when none of these things was present he went on a snree. There were many others like him in the world of letters. Verlaine, the most exquisite of modern French poets, was a chronic absinthe habitue and died of absinthe poisoning. Shakespeare is reported to have died as the result of a debauch when his old friends from London, including Ben Johnson, came down to Stratford and got him drunk. PLEASE NOTE--Dr. Clfindening cannot dlasnose or give per- onal answers tq letters from readers. When questions are of general atereat, however, they will be tafcen up, in order. In the dally column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendening, care of GIobe-Glzette. Writa legibly ana not mom than 200 words. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG TWO MESSAGES ON ONE CARD Best wishes and birth-day greetings, too, On this one card to both of you. We are getting by with this today Because we've scrapped the NRA. The old new deal, they say, has failed, The supreme court says we can't be jailed For saving and the new new deal will say "Please send a card for each birth-day.' 1 And "Ye who will, please have a heart And keep your birth-days far apart." The new-set-up-will be a wow And Tugwell's working- on it now. NATE MILLER TOMORROW MARCH 25 By CLABB KDiKAIBD Notable Births--Arturo Toscanini, b. 1867, No. 1 symphony conductor of the world Simon Flexner, b. 1867, physician and humanitarian John Gutzon Borglum, b. 1871, American sculptor of mountains and men Anna Eleanor "Sistie" Dall, b- 1927, granddaughter of the president. March 25, 1519--Spanish led by Hernando Cortes, 34, captured Tobasco, at the southern extremity of Mexico, and began his conquest of the country. From Mexico they spread northward into California. New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Louisiana, etc., and were responsible for the fact that Old World civilization, as represented by Christian churches, schools, printing shops, etc., were thriving in those sections before any English colony was established in America. March 25, 1813--The American flag was flown in battle in the Pacific for the first time--against the ship of a nation with which the U. S. was not at war. The frigate Essex, commanded by 33 year old Captain David Porter, the first American ship-of-war to round the horn, was on its way to break up British whaling in the south Pacific when it engaged the Peruvian cruiser Nereyda and destroyed it. No war had been declared between Peru and the U. S., but Porter believed the Peruvians friendly to the English. SCRIPTURAL THOUGHT -- Devise not evil against thy neighbor, seeing he dwclletb securely by thee.--Proverbs S:29. EARLIER DAYS FROM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-Miss Edna Ervin left yesterday for Cedar Falls to resume her work in the State Normal school. Charles Loonier of Mason City, who is a soldier in the United States army, was in the recent battle of Jolo, fought in the Philippine islands, in which a detachment of American soldiers destroyed a band of outlaws. The Rev. Mr. Lorch has returned from a brief trip in Dakota. Superintendent Brandenburg is in Chicago this week visiting schools and attending the northern section of the teachers association convention. Miss Jane Dolan has returned from a week's trip to Chicago. Twenty Years Ago-Miss Cora Stamp and Miss Lou Smith left last night for a few days pleasure trip at Minneapolis. G. F. Flaherty returned today from Dayton, Ohio, where he has been attending a. convention of salesmen for the National Cash Register company. E. G. Dunn left yesterday for Dubuque and from there will go to various cities in Wisconsin where he will lecture in the interests of the Knights of Columbus. E. D. Alfree left yesterday for Kansas City on a business trip. Bruce Wilson rolled a 651 series yesterday to lead the Moose lodge to a victory over Deckers team. Wilson bowled games of 216, 223 and 212. Ten Years Ago--. Miss Dixie Willson, who has been in the city visiting with her mother, Mrs. Rosalie Willson, left today for Mildred, Kans., where she will visit her brother, Cedric. She will go from Mildred to St. Louis and from there to New York City. The negative debate team of the local high school, comprised of Joel Hirsch, Mary Stevens and Sarah Tamres, was defeated in the first round of the debate contest sponsored by Drake university at Des Moines by Roosevelt of Des Moines. The Mohawk basketball team was honored at a banquet last night at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Patton, whose son, Herbert, was captain of the team. OTTUMWA--Newton took a strangle hold on the Class A state basketball championship last night by nosing out Washington high of Cedar Rapids IS to 17 Boone defeated Webster City 19 to 16 in the other game of the evening. The search for Everett and Melvin Burzette, charged with the murder of Morris Van Note the night of March 13, goes on but with little encouragement, according to Sheriff G. E. Cress. Miss Florence Hale of Minneapolis is visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs. D. K. Lundberg, 75 Beaumont drive. ALL OF US By MARSHAUC, StASUN ARE YOU A "THWARTED" BEING? I READ in a psychology book that men and women who think with pleasure of their childhood may be horrible examples of delayed maturity. Suppose you are 30 or 40 years old and you and some other fellows get together and exchange reminiscences about the scrapes and joys of the days when you were youngsters? Well, a psychologist sitting in the corner, not saying a word, but just taking notes, will be able to create an astonishing picture of your present mental and emotional state. Say you talk about the time you played hookey for one whole week, or the time you raided old man Christiansen's orchard and he sicked the dog on you, or the time you borrowed Mr. Green's boat and he swore out a warrant for you and you were scared you were going to be sent to the reform school? Well, that means you have always cherished a secret ambition to be a gangster. You have contempt for the law and you want to flout it, and even though you act like a law abiding citizen, you're really a repressed criminal. Say you recount with relish the long summer days around the swimming pool, or sitting in a rowboat in Warner's lake fishing for catfish with a cork on your line, or of going down to Moss landing to fish for smelt or to dig clams? Well, that's too bad. It means you are living a thwarted life now. You long for denied pleasures in your maturity, and you retreat shamefully toward the joys of the past. Well, maybe so. Maybe so ... But I'm not convinced . . . Seems to me a fellow can dream abcut the fun he used to have and still have a lot of fun in his maturity. Seems to me he can remember a normal childhood and still be a normal grownup man . . . And it seems to me that the psychologist who goes so far out of his way to find secret unhappiness in the other fellow's life has a very meager life of his own without a pinch of humor in it. I'll stick with us poor repressed mortals who don't know any better than to remember our childhood with pleasure. OBSERVING . _ -rj.-j.y' WORDS COME AND GO LIKE CLOTHES STYLES presume that if there were anybody who followed this -- department v e r y closely (like the linotype operator, for instance, who is forced to do so!) he would have noticed some word which is badly overworked -- I mean some word other than "I." All of us are prone to do this. A year or two ago a writer in the Atlantic or some other magazine used the word "Obfuscation" in the beading over his article. For several months afterwards, just about every editorial writer in the country felt required to invent a pretext for "obfuscating." Words, like hats or dresses, or the cuffs on men's pants, are governed to some extent by vogue. Right at this time, for example, the sports writers have started a run on "ready" in verbal meaning. In other years the major baseball teams have "trained" or "prepared" or "got ready" for the league season. But this year they are "readying." My guess is that Damon Runyon, Grantland Rice, Alan Gould or some other big-wig of the sports world set the style in some widely read article. --o-SOME TRADES NOT SUITED TO PRISONS am just a little bit inclined to agree with a writer in the current Photo Engrav,,.,, Bulletin - who contends that prisoners i n o u r penitentiaries should not be taught trades which lend themselves to criminal uses. The article was prompted by the recent uncovering of ?10,000 in counterfeit bills at San Quentin prison in California. They were the work of prisoners trained in the institution's photo-engraving plant. The author maintains that crafts such as engraving, locksmithing and chemistry (allied as they are with counterfeiting, lock-picking and explosive compounding) are not properly educational subjects for convicts. I undoubtedly brand myself as hopelessly olci fashioned when 1 contend that punishment and protection for society through keeping bad-actors out of circulation are the primary objectives of a prison. The advanced thought on this subject, of course, is that penal institutions are primarily for rehabilitation and reform. --o-GET THAT MUD OFF YOUR LICENSE PLATE! "was glad," said F. F., "to see you take a shot the other day at those who drive decrepit old cars around the streets, unable to meet the responsibility which attaches to driving an automobile. "Now why don't you say something about the license plates on which numbers have been obscured by mud and water? I just counted five cars in a single half block that didn't have legible license numbers." HASK1N SERVICE AT YOUR COMMAND ^__^ sometimes wonder whether jjgs^ readers fully appreciate the 'vsr service which may be theirs, it they wish to use it, through the Globe-Gazette's free information bureau in Washington. Any reasonable request for information (not counsel, please understand) will bring an answer. Not so long ago a reader forwarded a harmless looking query to Mr. Haskin. J'U reproduce it here: "On Jan. 16, 1936, foreign exchange was quoted on the New York exchange as follows: Great Britain 1.95, France 6.62, Italy 8.03, Belgium 16.95, Germany Commercial 21.25, Holland 68.27, Norway 24.95, Sweden 25.28, Denmark 22.15, Finland 2.20, Switzerland 32.68, Spain 13.73, Poland 19.02, Austria 18.90, Hungary 29.75, Argentine 33.07, Brazil 8.59, Tokio 29.07, Shanghai 30.12. Hongkong 32.63, Mexico City 27.85, Montreal in New York 99.97. What were the rate of exchange on the above on the corresponding date of 1932, 1930, and 1925?" Frederic J. Haskin assigned a competent specialist to the job of answering the query. It took almost a full day to get the information. It was found that what seemed to be a simple query was in fact 63 different questions, answered as follows: "Following are the foreign exchange quotations for which you asked. The quotations on the British pound are in dollars and cents. All others are in cents and fractions. As noted the Argentine peso basis changed from the gold peso to the paper peso while the Shanghai unit changed from the Mexican dollar to the Shanghai yuan. Jan. 16, Jan. 16. Jan. 16. ]»:12 1931) 11125 Great Britain ... :l.4» 4.87 4.77 France .1.!t4 .l,!):t 3.411 Italy; .",.2:1 j.iiii Germany 2-1.72 2:1.80 23.HO Holland -((I.2H 4II.1R -111.37 Norn-ay I8.!»7 2R.73 15.20 Sweden 1S.3J 2H.81 30.94 Denmark 2B.74 17.85 Flnlnml MR 2.52 2.32 Snvllrcrland ..... HI.5I 10.35 in.2lt Slmln 8.41 13.27 J-l.l-i riilnnd 11,1!) 11.20 10.17 Austria 13.92 14.0R fl.lltill lltmsiiry . . . . I T . t f i 17.40 n.OflU Argentina . . . . . . 58.13" 90.91t flU.fMt Brazil fi.14 11.12 J1.83 ·Tnpan 37.00 40.05 3B.3!l Shanchnl . . . . . . . 2:t.H8g 3fi.3;)g . r ,5.,W° Hanc Kons 2.1.08 40.48 SS.Mi Cunnda 84.03 98.83 flH.riO *nanpr §Shan£)iai yuan tgold °Mcxlcan dollar." FEMININE VofciTlS HAKDEB TO TRANSMIT. -TO- was interested to learn from fplg C. O. Pasnau, A. T. T. *§£' testboard chief in Mason City, that the transmission of women's voices presents greater difficulty than the transmission of masculine voices. The explanation has something to do with higher frequency in the soprano range-but please don't ask me to go further. Mr. Pasnau has brought up the subject; it's up to him to give support to his contention. Answers to Questions B.v I'-HKUEKIC J. HASKIN PLEASE NOTE--A reader can cet Hie answer to any qucstimi of rant by writ- Ing Mason City Gltibe-Gar.cUe Information Bureau, Frederic ,1. Huskln, Director, Washington, J). C'. I'lease inclose three (3) cents tor reply. How many In U. S. are eligible for old-age pensions if they become fully operative through the United States? \V. E. About 6,871,000. When is the Indianapolis speedway race? J. M. The 500 mile race will be May 30, 1936. How early did Richard Crooks, tenor, begin his career as a singer? E. J. At the age of 6, he was soloist in the choir of a leading church in Trenton, N. J. At 12 he appeared with Madame Schumann-Heink in a music festival. How does the number of mental cases admitted to hospitals in a year compare with the number of physical cases? B. F. To all recognized hospitals, patients totaled 7,147,416. Of these, 6,291,556 were admitted to general, while only 172,415 were to nervous and mental institutions. Is electric power easily available in rural France? T. S. Great progress has been made. In 1922, electric power was available to less than one-fifth of the population. In 1934, more than 97 per cent of the people had access to electricity. Where was metered parking for automobiles first introduced? C. B. Originated in Oklahoma City in July, 1935. What is the Luther League of America? E. M. A national organization having for its purpose unification of the young people's religious societies that are connected with the Lutheran churches. It was founded at Pittsburgh. Pa., in 1895. The motto is; Of the Church, by the Church, for the Church. Where did the high pressures originate which caused recent low temperatures in U. S. ? T. H, Up the MacKenzie valley from the Arctic basin, Is it true Joseph Conrad, the novelist, was grown before he mastered the English language? L. K. Joseph Conrad Korzeniowski was the son of distinguished Polish exiles from Russia, and was born in the Ukraine. Until his nineteenth year he was unfamiliar with the English language. What proportion of an iceberg usually appears above water? M. K. Who was Father Daiuien? A. M. Joseph Damien do Veuster, better known as Father Damien, Roman Catholic missionary, was born near Louvain, Belgium, in 1S40. Sent on a mission to Honolulu and learning of the neglected state of the lepers, he volunteered to cast his lot with theirs. He became minister, physician, magistrate, teacher, cook, gardener and even gravedigger. He long worked alone, but was ultimately joined by other priests. For 12 years he escaped the malady, but in 1SS5 contracted it and died in 1889. Was Shakespeare fond of flowers? C.. I. The fact that he mentioned them often and with appreciation indicates he was. Authorities at Stratford-on-Avon have arranged an accurate representation of an Elizabethan garden at Shakespeare's home. Do the judges of the U. S. supreme court actually visit the circuits under their charge? G. M. Not at stated intervals as was formerly done, but each judge supervises one. Since there are 10 circuit courts of appeal, and nine judges, Justice Van Devanter supervises two. How long did (he last executioner of France serve? B. B. Anatole (Papa) Deibler retired recently as executioner of France after 37 years of service. What is a buckaroo? W. D. Cowboy or bronchobuster. The word is probably a corruption of vaquero, American Spanish. Favorite Songs "Everybody's song book," available through the Washington information bureau of the Globe-Gazette, should be in every hon-.c. It is the most complete collection of the favorite old songs obtainable today in a popular edition. Here are 205 of the songs vve all love to sing, expertly compiled for voice and piano. Authoritative historical notes relate the beginnings of the celebrated patriotic airs. Inclose 20 cents to cover cost, handling and postage. Use coupon: Mason City Clobe-Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 20 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for "Everybody's Song Book." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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