Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 24, 1936 · Page 3
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 24, 1936
Page 3
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MASON CITY GLOBK-GAZETTB. MARCH 21 Tfl.'JG .THREE Dramatic Story of loiua Livestock's Great Step in Advance Is Described Murray Writes Events of Move, including Cattle War. BUFFALO CENTER--How Iowa won an 18 year fight against bovine tuberculosis is described by Ray Murray, state secretary of agriculture, in an article published in the current issue of The Milk Inspector. "On Sunday, Dec. 1, 1935," wrote Mr. Murray, whose picture appears on the cover of the magazine, "it was my proud privilege to announce the reaching of a goal which has been the object of all lowans interested in both human and animal health for years but which many had despaired of ever reaching. I refer, of course, to the announcement from Washington that Iowa had been declared a modified tubercular accredited area, that at last every county in the state had completed its tests for tuberculosis and that infection was reduced in-each of the*' KAY MUKKAY ACCREDITED IN U. S. Since the Inception of the proBnuii of tuberculin testing of cattle in the United Stales m 1917 there were lOO.r^T.GSo tested up to the close o[ 1833. Of this number 3.31)2,561 wore reactors. Tlicsc figures arc [or the entire nation. Thirty-eiRht states have been »lacel In the "Modified Accredited States" column as follows: Stale Ti-nr -Sliile Vi-lir North Carolina 1SJ2S Maine 1929 Michigan I'J30 Indiana l'jr,1 Wisconsin 1932 Ohio 1932 Idaho 193'^ North Daltola 19:!:! Nevada- 1933 N. Hampshire 1933 Utah 1933 Kentucky 1133 West Virginia 1933 Washington ;934 Illinois 1934 Oregon 1931 Virginia. 1931 Minnesota 1931 Missouri )93t 1'lorida 1935 Kansas 1935 Arkansas lS3. r Colorado I'j35 New Mexico l'J35 Wyoming 1935 Tennessee 1935 Massachusetts 1935 S. Carolina 1935 Georgia 1 C| 35 Alabama 1935 Louisiana 1935 Montana .1935 I 0 ,va 19:15 Delaware 1936 Mississippi 1936 Oklahoma 1936 Arizona · 1936 Texas 1936 The ten states not yet accredited are as follows: California. South Dakota, Nebraska, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York. Connecticut. Khoilc Island, Vermont. started 1917. under the supcr- 99 counties to less than one-half of one per cent. "The last four counties to be accredited were Buchanan, Winneshiek. Allamakce, and Chickasaw and as this is probably the biggest forward step in all the history of the state's cattle industry, it might be fitting and proper for. me to write about it at some length. Winnebago Was First. "To me it has always been a source of pleasure that my own home county, Winnebago, was the first accredited area in the state. And it was thus a double pleasure that I, a resident of that county, was in a position to sign the accreditation papers of the last county to be accredited. "Winnebago was cleaned up, way back in 1924, and other counties were added as follows: Eleven in 1925, 12 in 1926, 11 in 1927, 9 in 1928, 6 in 1929, 4 in 1930, 15 in 1931, one in 1932, 9 each in 1933 and 1934 and 11 in 1935. "And now for a little history. With the persistent increase in the percentage of cattle and hogs condemned for tuberculosis at the various markets, back in 1916, there was organized a committee in Chicago to obtain federal and state appropriations and proper legislation for a campaign to eliminate tuberculosis in livestock. ~The effect of this campaign was particularly- noticeable at livestock market centers. Started in 1917. The first work in Iowa was started in July, 1917. From that time until Nov. 1. 1923, the work was done entirely under the accredited herd plan. Beginning in November, 1923, the county area plan was started. In such cases it ·was necessary that 51 per cent of the cattle owners in a county sign the necessary petitions asking the secretary of agriculture to enroll them under the county area plan. "Whenever 75 per cent of the cattle owners had signed such agreements and had their cattle tested it became compulsory for the remaining 25 per cent to have their cattle tested also. "This plan was followed until. 1929 at which time it became compulsory that all dairy and breeding cattle in Iowa be tested as rapidly as funds were made available. The United States bureau of animal industry and the state department of agriculture, working co-operatively, in .charge of this work have 'had many obstacles to overcome and some objectors to the test. Cattle War in 1931. "The cattle war of 1931 will long be remembered, as it was necessary at that time to send the state militia to force the testing of cattle in some of the southeastern counties. During 1934, when the final test was made in these same counties, very little opposition was encountered by my veterinarians doing the work. Most of them, in fact, reported that the work could only have been accomplished through the splendid co-operation which was given them by the majority of cattle owners. A county is accredited for a period of three years. At the end of that time it is necessary to make a re-test of all the dairy and breeding cattle in that county. All. infected herds found on such tests are tested at intervals of from three to six months until they pass three consecutive clean tests. 15 Million Tests Given. "To date there have been over 15,000,000 cattle tests applied, and over 300,000 head of tubercular cat. tie have been shipped to market for slaughter. There were more cattle tested in 1934 than in any previous year, the total number during that period being 2.265,000 head. "The co-operative testing was vision of Dr. Robert Wall, then Iowa state veterinarian, and continued under the direction of Dr. P. Malcolm from 1920 until Feb. 1, 1933. Since that time it has .Veen under the supervision of Dr. H. A. Seidell, state veterinarian, with the exception of a few weeks when the work was directed by Dr. " O. JBevins, before his untimely death. Dr. J. A. Barger has been federal inspector in charge of Iowa in the T. E. eradication work since the spring of 1923. Gives iT'-cr Movement. "Iowa is the thirty-second state :o be declared an accredited area. From a commercial standpoint it is important that a state be accredited as it allows a freer movement of livestock, as well as dairy products, from one state to another. Chicago and many of the eastern cities have already placed an embargo against the sale of dairy products which do not originate from a modified accredited area This is quite an item when we consider that Iowa ships to Chicago, alone, about 50,000,000 pounds of butter annually. "There has been a very marked decrease in the number of hogs retained in the slaughter houses for tuberculosis since the tuberculin testing of cattle was started Iowa. This applies to poultry also. "It is a matter of record that with the advent of tuberculin testing ot dairy cattle, bone and glandular tuberculosis in children have almost entirely disappeared. This fact has been recognized by the medical authorities for some years. Variations Art- Shown. The actual tuberculin testing of cattle in Iowa, for the past three years has been entirely up to local practicing veterinarians, under the direct supervision of nine district veterinarians and nine federal veterinarians. The percentage of infection on first tests varied in different .scc- eions ol' the state. On tliu first test in Davis county the percentage was less than one-half of one per cent, while in Brcmcr county the first test showed an infection of more than 20 per cent. "During the fiscal year ended June 30. 1917. when the first federal appropriation was made for the payment of indemnity, there was a'total of 20.293 market cattle, exclusive of reactors, condemned outright for tuberculosis at Chicago alone. Under the federal meat inspection system these carcasses were consigned to the rendering tanks for grease and fertilizer and had a value but little above the cost of slaughter. During the fiscal year ending June 20. 19X5, with 95 per cent of the area that supplies livestock to Chicago, being accredited and practically free from bovine tuberculosis, there · were only 1,143 cattle condemned for tuberculosis at that market, a decrease of 9t per True Irisher Great Savings Made. During the fiscal year 1917, there was also condemned for tuberculosis at Chicago. 25,791 hogs as compared with 4,6o"3 in 1935. The loss caused bovine tuberculosis in 1917 was estimated at S20,000,000. The annual loss from tuberculosis now does not exceed $2.000.000. Had the campaign never been started, there would undoubtedly now be an annual loss of $60,000,000. "The annual cost of testing cattle in the state of Iowa has been reduced approximately ten cents a head during the past three years, in comparison with former years. This is a saving of over S5QO.OOO as over five million tuberculin tests have been applied during that period of time. "However, the work would not have been completed for many years, due to the heavy infection in northeastern Iowa which is our rca] dairy section, had it not been for the additional SI.000.000 which was allotted to Iowa by the federal government through the AAA for the payment of claims for indemnity Hen- is a true "Irish woman." It's "Queen of Chilis." just "Queen" for short, a lu'uglu hound ownc.l by Art Gcigcr of Dubu!]ue. The black ami white dog became conspicuous from b i r t h herausr, of a perfectly formed shamrock on its bark. Geiger is shown above proudly cxhibiUng his pri/.ed pt't. (Iowa Daily Press 1'hoto) and the salaries and expenses of veterinarians. EinlKLrgos on Others. "During the past few years a number of eastern cities have placed embargoes on alt dairy products not originating from T. E. accredited areas. Chicago passed such an or- Jinancc on Aug. 11), 1935. 1 protested their action and was lucky enough to obtain concessions from :hc Chicago health officials so that Lhe embargo was not made effective against fowa products until Oct. 1. By that time there re- niaincd only eight counties which chapter Is written and the book is closed. Mmiy men have written their pages in that history and then noved on that others might add additional pages. Dr. Robert Wall who starU-d the campaign must be remembered as must also Dr. Peter .Malcolm, who directed the work for 13 years w i t h the co-operation of former secretaries Raymond Casskly and Mark Thori.btirg. Nor must we forget men like Doctors Fry and Stewart, Mover and Gallagher, Mc- and Weircs. Axten and Brady. Gorden and Joe Wall and all those others whose work has been invaluable in the program. "But somehow I feel that most of the credit must go to three men. one of whom gave ins life in active p u r s u i t of his duties as state veterinarian. The man who more than any other in Iowa solved our troubles in 1SI33 and ended forever the cow war controversy. Ut-vins is Lauded. "What a man he was--what a credit to his chosen profession--a worker, a leader, a diplomat and a square-shooter. He died, alas, without realizing what he had accomplished but in bis going the vet. crinary profession lost one of its noblest practictioncis; the state of Iowa one of its most capable servants: and I. personally, one of the most loyal and loving friends any man could ever have. None of us who ever knew him can forget Dr. Noel Bcvins. "The other two to whom I refer, happily have finished writing the story. Dr. J. A. Bai'ger. Iowa representative of the federal department of a g r i c u l t u r e and Dr. H. A. Seidcll state veterinarian. Bach has contributed much to the successful conclusion of the eradication work anc each modestly tries to give most ol the credit to the other. Both are to be commended and congratulated. We know how they have worked but we also realize how inadequate arc words in expressing our scnti mcnts." niameil only cignt counties wmeli ' p T I / T i i r i were not on the accredited list; f o u r OWail MonSOn, W 65167 of those were completed by Nov. 1.1 -, , TV 1 1 Honored on Dirthday CASUALTY FIRM IS REORGANIZED State Insurance Department Withdraws Request for Receivership. DES MO1NES, Wl--The state insurance department has withdrawn its request to Atty. Gen. Edward L. O'Connor for institution of receivership proceedings against the Union Mutual Casualty company of DCS Moincs. In making this announcement, Maurice V. Pew. deputy insurance commissioner, said the company now has the department's approval to continue operations. "The company as reorganized continues to be fully responsible to claimants and policy holders," Pew said. He said an entirely new set of officers, headed by President Harry Lewis of Sioux City, has been elected. Reorganization of the casualty company. Pew said, in no way changed the status of the Union Mutual Life company of Iowa, a companion company for which receivership proceedings are pending in Polk county district court. Pew said Lewis and his associates contributed "a substantial sum . . . to the company, and we are assured that such additional amounts as may be found to be necessary will be forthcoming." and the last four a.s of Dec. 1 . "And so we write finis to one of the most dramatic chapters in the history of Iowa agriculture. A thrill- chapter of vision and of foresight; of work and of worry: of struggles and of troubles; of militant farmers and of uniformed forces; a chapter that stretched over IS years; that \vovc jus warp through successive administrations; that was at various times a health crusade, a- political football and a breeder of open rebellion. Several Arc Praised. "But n i l of t h a t is past no\v, the school. WESLEY--Twenty-five friends and neighbors gaLliercd at the Swan Monsoii home on his seventy-ninth birthday anniversary, having prepared a program in honor of Air. Monson. Those who took part included Mrs. Jorgen Skow, Swan Nelson, Fidelia Skow, Emil Wester, Herman Carlson and the Rev. O. Johnson. Several son^s were given in the Swedish language. Mr. Monson came to Wesley in 18S3 and for 3S years was janitor of the public Mrs. Jacobson Elected Head of Mitchell Club MITCHELL--The Unity club held ilg annual election of officers for the coming; year at the home of Mr, and Mrs. William Ahrens, south of town, when the following were elected: President, Mrs. John Jacobson; vice president, Mrs. J. A. Klin- g'cr; secretary and treasurer, Mrs William Ahrcns. After the business meeting, the husbands of the club members were entertained with a program, followed by a lunch. Albert W. Penney, 83, Early Mitchell County Man, Dies of Stroke OS AGE--Albert W. Penney, S3, died at his home here Monday. Two years ago he suffered a paralytic stroke and last Tuesday he had a second stroke from which he failed to rally. Born at Kenosha, Wis., the son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Penney, ic came to Stacyville with his parents when he was 5 years old. He ivcd there until 20 years ago when ic moved to Osagc, helped establish Penncyville, a part of the present town of Stacyville. He was first married to Etta Parlin, who died leaving a family of four children, Warren Penney, now of Tacoma, Wash.; Walter Penney of Hugo. Ore.; Ray Penney and Miss Bertha Penney of Tacoma, Wash. Then he was married to Belle Pacey, who survives along with six children, Lynn Penney. Mrs. Hollis Wright (Harriet Penney). Mary Penney, all of Osage; Beth Penney of Des Moincs; John Penney of Blairsburg; Mrs. Robert Wright of St. Louis. Mo.; two sisters. Mrs. Lydia Bytaer of Chicago; Mrs. Mary White of Oconomowoc, Wis.; and three brothers, Sam and Mell of California and Frank of Osage. Mr. Penney was a member of the Methodist church here. Ledyard Man Knocked Down, Hurt by Truck LEDYARD--Dell Brown was knocked down and seriously injured by a. truck at the Carpenter corner as he was walking to his home Saturday night. Two bones were broken in his leg. He was taken to the Kos- sulh hospital at Algona for treatment. Large Crowd Attends Burt School Concert BURT--A good crowd attended the concert by the high school music organizations which was given at the Presbyterian church Sunday afternoon. The program included numbers by the orchestra, girls' and boys' glee clubs, a string ensemble, and a mixed chorus, a soprano solo by Mary Ann Smith, a baritone solo by Gobert Gray, trombone solo by Richard Wei-ske, a clarinet solo by Faith Rued, a violin solo by Lyla Olson, cello solo by Betty Walker, piano solo by Eugenia Mae'Krethe, soprano solo by Martha Ruhnke, cornet solo by Frank Aten and a sousaphone solo by James Iliff. School Band at Manly Will Present Concert MANLY--The Manly high schoo band will present a band concer Tuesday evening at S o'clock at thi school auditorium at which time th players will be dressed in full uni form. No admission will be charged COUNTY SESSION TO BE AT ROOD Women's Clubs Will Gather for Annual Convention on April 2. RUDD--The annual county meet- ng the Federated Women's clubs vill be held at the M. E. church here Thursday, April 2, beginning at 1 'clock. The program plan to date s as follows: Call to order at 1 ). m.; welcome by president of Rudd Culture club, Mrs. Fred Lacoste; esponse; reports of each club preai- ent of the year's activities; music y Charles City group; playlet by lockforcl group; address, state of tier of the Federated clubs; registra- ion reports: music by Rockford; djourn to basement for tea with ach president as hostess. VIrs. Anderson, Victim of Stroke, Succumbs at Dows; Rites Held DOWS--Mrs. Hannah Anderson, 67, died early Sunday at her farm lome cast of Dows. She suffered a stroke about three years ago and though she recovered enough to get about some, one side remained paralyzed. Born Hannah Rasmussen, in Denmark, Aug. 3, 1869, she came with :he family to Albia, Monroe county, at the age of three. Five years later they came to Franklin county. She was married to Fred C. Anderson, Sept. 30, 1S91. Mr. Anderson died Oct. 9. 1927. She leaves three children, Arthur L. and Bert C. Anderson, both of Dows and Mrs. Lawrence Gardalen of Coulter, four granddaughters, two great granddaughters and two sisters, Mrs. Mary Oleson and Mrs. Anna Oleson, both of Dows. The funeral was held Tuesday afternoon at the Dows Methodist church. A former pastor of the Morgan M. B. church, the Rev. G. W. Wessel of Britt, preached the sermon, with the present pastor, the Rev. Charles Richards, in charge. The Dows M. E. pastor, and the Rev. E. Redmaync and the Lutheran pastor, the Rev. E. A. Duea. assisted. Burial was in Coulter beside her husband. Visits in St. Paul. ROCK FALLS--Mrs. William Mahcr is visiting relatives in Minneapolis and St. Paul. . . . it's as much a part of Chesterfield as the taste Did you ever notice the difference in the aroma of Chesterfield tobacco? Every person who knows about tobacco will understand this... for to get a pleasing aroma is just like getting a pleasing taste from fruit. Mild ripe tobaccos, homegrown, and welded with the right kind of tobacco from far-off Greece and Turkey (Samsoun, Smyrna, Xanthi and Cavalla)... ... thafs why Chesterfield has a more pleasing aroma. KOSA r«.\.SEU,E MNO .M.MITIM ef with that pleasing aroma KOSTEI.AM-V7Y. O B C H K S T K A AMI C l I O R I ' S B F, M. (C. S. T.) -- C O L U M B I A NETWORK «i 1516, LIGGETT 4: Mvik TOMCCO Gv

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