The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 24, 1936 · Page 1
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March 24, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 24, 1936
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-- "1 ;n- E ! a M C ·'.' ·? " .' T c r i NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H O M E E D I T I O N "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. XLII Advertising Soil Plans Flood Waters, Dust Storms Timed to Aid New Deal. FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SEHV1C.E MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, MARCH 24, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 144 DECIDE NOT TO WAIT FOR HITLER By CHARLES P. STEWART A . S H I N G T O N , (CPA--More dust storms in the west and devastating floods else- w h e r e , w e r e mighty tough on Uieir victims, but n a t u r e timed them very conveniently to give favorable advertising to new deal plans for soil conservation and river control. T h e d u s t storms proved c o n c l u s i v e l y enough to convince anyone that the present surface of considerable areas of the country really needs fastening down somehow to keep it from being blown away, down to hard-pan, upon other areas which don't require it. When the revised AAA program is attacked in the United States supreme court, as it is sure to be, on the ground that it is, in disguise, crop control, which the high tribunal already has held the federal government constitutionally powerless to interfere with, it will be pretty easy to show that dust storms are interstate manifestations and nationally dangerous, too; in short, that they are properly subject to federal regulation--if possible. Freak Dry Season. Some authorities have argued that last summer's dust storms were the products of a freakily dry season and that, with a wetter one, they wourud not recur. Now, however, they are starting In again, though the current year, thus far, has been exceptionally damp. It is true, 1934 was not especially dust stormy. The epidemic of such storms on a grand scale did - not start until, rather^bruptly, It did start in 1935 A"gricuTture ~ aepartme'htal" "a n c weather bureau experts tell me they think that, western "dry farmers' gradually were working up to the catastrophe for a generation, by intensive cultivation of land that ought to have been left to buffalo grass, for grazing alone. Gentle Breeze Enough. The soil stood it as long as it could; then came a record-breaking dry year, and the regionally normal 'high winds began to get in their work most noticeably. This year, while it is moister, not enough of the "top dirt" is left to hang on. Even a gentle breeze -is sufficient to scatter it hither and yon; recent winds have not been violent, but the dust has been worse than ever. That the damage altogether can be repaired is recognized by specialists as an impossibility. Dust that already has been wafted from Oklahoma into the north Atlantic and intermediate points is gpne for good, of course. Oklahoma's problem is to keep what remains. Agron- ·omists are not so sure that this can be done. But they want it attempted. Bad Soil Usage. Dust storms and floods are different, but it appears to be agreed that both are due to bad soil usage. New England and Pennsylvania, for example, have been afflicted by disastrous freshets, resulting from deforestation of the uplands; rain and melting snow, which ought to have refreshed highland timber, if it had not been slaughtered wholesale, has swished down mountainsides, inundating cities. in narrow, downstream valleys. River control, like inland navigation, is accepted as a federal function. Tiie only question is: Creates Water Fower. River control involves the creation of water power, as a by-product Can the federal government sell its by-product in competition with private power producers? Tne supreme court's decision on this point is 50-50.' Nature's present policy is a mere matter of pro-new deal publicity. It seems to indicate that dust storms are bad business, which the new deal is trying to put a stop to, most commendably; and floods, which the new deal does not like, either. It is laughable how regularly everything, including dust storms and floods, "breaks right" for the Roosevelt administration. Woman Charged With Abduction of Infant RANKEST, Tex., (tP)--Mrs. Opal L. Stewart, accused slayer of a bank clerk, was held here Tuesday on charges of kidnaping a day old baby. Sheriff W. C. Fowler said the 34 year old woman had abducted the baby daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E T. Hinton. McCamey, Tex., a few hours after she had obtained em ployment in the home by posing as a ruirse. Tornado Damages Farms in Northwestern Iowa Continue Stopping Trucks SOUTHWESTERN PART OF STATE HAS DUST STORM Fair Weather Predicted as Wind Begins to Die Down. One sign that spring has definitely arrived--that sign being in the form of a damaging "twister 1 --was observed Monday night and early Tuesday in northeastern Iowa. Meanwhile, a dust storm, blown up from the "dust bowl" in western Kansas, Oklahoma and Colorado swirled over southwestern Iowa early Tuesday. The tornado struck two farms, which are located on opposite sites of Silver Lake, near Ayrshire in Palo Alto county. At the Fred Brattmiller. Jr., farm, buildings were moved from their foundations and outbuildings, including the chicken house and hog houses, were leveled. Many trees were blown down. Sixteen windows in the house were broken and considerable plaster shaken from the house. Door Torn Oft. "We were very much frightened," Mrs. Brattmiller said Tuesday. "We tried to go to our tornado cellar but just before we got there, the door was torn off and we had to run back in the house. We stayed in the house which shook quite a little." . .....Mrs. Brattmiller, who. referred to. the storm as a "twister," said a strong wind lasted about 15 minutes 'and was accompanied by a heavy rain. The Braltniillers have five small children. At the John Rebm farm on the other side of Silver Lake a large barn was wrecked and several small buildings damaged. Trees were also struck by' the tornado. In Calhoun county, the wind de- ilroyed a barn on the Frank Nutz farm. Three head of cattle were crushed beneath falling timbers. In Webster county the wind leveled barns and caused other damage on five farms near Cowrie and slew down a pole carrying a high ine maintained by the Fort Dodge, Des Moines and Southern railroad near Harcourt. The high line came in contact with telephone wires and caused a short circuit that resulted in the destruction by fire of one home near aarcourt and fires in several farm telephones in the district. The Harry Urelius family, awakened by "the crackling flames as ;heir farm home burned, escaped through an upstairs window. A hail storm was reported at Callender. Fair. Weather Forecast. In southern Iowa the dust set- Jed as the wind died out and the forecast promised fair weather Tuesday night and Wednesday. "The southern Iowa dirt was i picked up in the dust bowl," the [ Locke and James Lucas of Horton's Upper photo--Here are two Iowa state highway patrolmen signaling an approaching Minnesota truck to halt soon after it had crossed the stale line into Iowa on highway 65 north of Northwood. Lower photo--After the Minnesota trucks are stopped, the drivers 1 are ordered by Iowa highway patrolmen to buy Iowa licenses if they are to continue trips in this state. (IDVA-Iowa News Flashes Photos) JURY SELECTION Choice of 12 to Try Horton for Poison-Murder of Wife Assured. BEDFORD, (S)--Selection of a jury to try Floyd Horton, 38, for the poisori-murder of his wife, was virtually assured Tuesday afternoon before court recesses. At the end of the morning session, 30 prospective jurors had b'een questioned by both state and defense attorneys, and 16 had been struck, leaving 14 still eligible to s^rve. Special Prosecutor James R'. counsel, both said they thought they would conclude selection of the jury easily Tuesday afternoon. Would Approve Death. Locke indicated his satisfaction with the jurors so far drawn by waiving the state's second peremptory challenge. All but three of the talesmen questioned have said they would approve the death penalty for Horton if they decide he is guilty of poisoning his wife. Mrs. M. Z. Hendren is the only talesman who ha.s admitted an "out- and-out" prejudice against capital punishment. She is the wife of a school teacher. Two others, however, declared they were uncertain Onawa reported a flock of geese as to wna t they believed concerning weatherman said, "by the strong winds accompanying a low pressure area which moved in from the southwest. And while there's plenty of moisture to hold the soil in place in this section of the country, Iowa can look forward to dust storms whenever the wind sweeps in from the southwest or until sufficient rain falls in the dust bowl to hold the soil in place." Adair, Red Oak, Sidney, Onawa and Shenandoah, all in south and west Iowa, reported dust laid in a film over the territory. At Des Moines. visibility was reduced to a half mile at the municipal airport. flew in circles over the town's lights until the storm let up. 28 at Charles City. The dust followed a balmy day in Iowa which recorded a top temperature of 78 at Keokuk. The low early Tuesday was 28 at Charles City. It was cloudy Tuesday at all weather bureau stations except Davenport, but the weatherman said the clouds would clear away later in the day. Temperatures early Wed- the death sentence. Shows Greater Interest, Horton Tuesday showed greater interest in selection of the jurors who will decide his fate, eyeing them closely as they were questioned by attorneys. Monday he sat with his hands over his eyes or with his eyes on the floor most of the time. Judge Fuller indicated he believed taking of evidence would start nesday, 'he said, would get down toj w e d n e s d a v ^ dispatching Sheriff 25 in North Iowa, but would hold Tom Lac V to Rockwell City women's reformatory to return Mrs. to freezing or above in the south. Sioux " City. Council Bluffs, Des Moines and Charles City reported traces of rain during the last 24 hours. Keokuk measured .56 of an inch, Davenport .34 and Dubuque .02. Shipping Magnate Dies. LIVERPOOL, ' Eng., Frederick Bowring. Canadian born shipping magnate, died today at the age of 79. Anna Johnston, 38, Horton's admitted paramour, to Bedford. Woman Hit by Truck Dies bf Her Injuries DAVENPORT, (.T*)--Mrs. Magdalena Kaffcnberger, 64, died Monday night of injuries inflicted late Monday when she was struck by a Truck Taxes Compromise Not Reached A half dozen highway patrolmen were still holding the front in the Iowa-Minnesota border patrol Tues day as instructions were being awaited from Des Moines, where representatives of the two state: failed to arrive at a reciprocity agreement after a conference Mon day night. Between ,$5,000 and $10,000 in li cense fees from Minnesota trucks i estimated to have been collected by the border patrol the past week All Minnesota trucks coming int Iowa, with exception of farmers ani others handling their own produce were stopped by the patrolmen am' ordered to obtain an Iowa license. Wait for Developments. The main part of the patrol which had.been on duty day an night all through last week disband ed over the week-end to await de velopments of the Des Moines con ference. Terming the "whole truck law sit nation a mess;" Lew Wallace, super intendent of the Iowa motor vehic! department at Des Moines. ex pressed good will toward the Minne sota representatives, but declarec "the Minnesota law just won't allow reciprocity." Under Iowa statutes out of s-tat trucks are not required to registe when Iowa trucks are accorded th same treatment in such states. Tax or License. Minnesota has been forcing low- truckers to purchase state license! and as a counter action Iowa patrol men have been compelling the sam terms upon Minnesota truckers. Minnesota law requires that ou of state trucks either pay a ton mil tax or purchase licenses. In mos cases purchase of licenses is cheap er, Iowa has negotiated reciproca agreements with Illinois, Wisconsin Missouri and Nebraska. About 1,00 Iowa and 1.000 Minnesota truck are involved in the present dispute SENATE PASSES BILL 'SHELTER BELT" : arm Appropriation Act Sent to Conference With House. WASHINGTON, i.l'l--The senate 'ucsday passed the 5205.000,000 griculture appropriation bill car- \ing- $1.000,000 for continuing the ig midwest "shelter belt" and sent . to conference with the house. The senate added approximately 39,000,000 to the bill over the mount voted by the house. The ncreases were largely made up by n appropriation of $10,000.000 for he forest service to acquire new mtaer lands, and a like amount for he soil erosion service to study nethods of flood and erosion con- rol and to develop nursery stock or water sheds. Seek Lobbying Curb. Moves to curb lobbying and to- Tcpare the public works adminis- ration for flood rehabilitation work stood out in the capital. Legislation to require registration if lobbyists was given right of way ,o the house floor. Secretary Ickes let congress mow he would cheerfully administer any flood control funds made available. He ordered public works directors in 20 states to report damage by recent high waters to PWA projects and in other fields which-_ '.'would, seem- appropriate" for PWA participation. ' · Railroad Rates Up. Railroad rate legislation was first jp in the house, but in conference and committee flood control pro- msals and many other subjects received attention, Maj. Gen. T. Q. Ashburn. chairman of the war department's in- r.nd waterways corporation, told a senate subcommittee that bviilding jp inland waterways "helps the vhole country." He was testifying jn the Norris bill to create "another TVA" for the Mississippi river valley. Senator Borah (R.. Ida.) and Dr. Malcolm McNair, Harvard business professor, expressed varying views on the bill by Borah and Senator Van Nuys (D., Ind.) to prohibit undue discrimination in prices be- :ween large dealers and small dealers. Borah warned against monopoly, McNair said some big businesses aid consumers by cutting distribution costs. A. T. and T. Monopoly. At the communications commission's investigation of the American Telephone and Telegraph company. John Bickiey, commission accountant, said A. T. and T. constituted a telephone monopoly. The house ways and means subcommittee decided to include processing taxes on agricultural and competing products in a report to the full committee. Chairman Samuel B. Hill (D:, Wash.) declined to say processing taxes would be recommended, explaining they would be included merely for consideration during the hearings. Demands for investigations of the handling of the $1,000,000,000 work relief fund were approaching a head in the senate. Three separate inquiry proposals were pending, and democratic leaders indicated there ·ould be no attempt to block them. Meantime a house committee prepared to consider President Roosevelt's request for a new $1,500,000,000 relief appropriation. Kentucky Feudist Hanged for Slaying U. S. Agent Barrett Credited With Killing at Least Six Persons in Life. INDIANAPOLIS, (fP)--George W. 3arret, gray haired former Ken- .ucky feudist who was credited with tilling at least six persons during n's 55 strife ridden years, was langed by the federal government Tuesday, two minutes after midnight, for the murder of a federal agent. The execution waa carried out in a tented scaffold room ir. the Marion county jail yard under the direction of Phil Han'na, portly Epworth. III., farmer who had officiated at 68 other executions and calls himself 'the humane hangman." Arthur Reeves, diminutive deputy sheriff, was the volunteer executioner. He pulled the trap at 12:02. Ten minutes later Barrett was pronounced dead. GEOKG1' BARRETT LOWER OHIO VALLEY APPEARS ONLY REAL FLOOD DANGER ZONE FLOODS AT A GLANCE By the Associated Press. The lower Ohio river valley appeared to be the only flood danger zone Tuesday. High waters receded elsewhere after causing 177 deaths and hundreds of millions of dollars property damage. The situations by regions follow: OHIO VALLEY--The flood crest rushed ; upon Cincinnati, .Ohio, with Louisville, Ky., the next large city in its path. Up river communities cleaned up debris. Portsmouth, Ohio, protected by a huge wall, escaped damage. Some refugees still unable to return to island homes at Wheeling, W. Va. NEW ENGLAND -- Stringent safety measures to prevent lawlessness and spread of disease in effect at Hartford, Conn., and other communities. Large sums sought from federal government for rebuilding. PENNSYLVANIA--Fear of pestilence subsides. Agriculturists say washing of topsoil will seriously affect farming in some areas. Johnstown still caring- for 6,000 homeless. Life in Pittsburgh nears normal. NEW YORK STATE river still rising near Oswego LUCAS TEACHER LOSES LICENSE Miss Samuelson Orders Pay at "Pupil-less" School Stopped at Once. DES MOINES, LT)--Miss Agne Samuelson, state superintendent o public instruction, Tuesday uphel revocation of the license of th teacher of a Lucas county rura "pupil-less" school. The education department hea returned a five page opinion in th case of Sarah Gookin, whose 12 pu pils withdrew from the Betlie school last December when thei parents declared her incompetent t teach. Miss Gookin, daughter of th school board's president, had contin ued to "teach" without pupils an carried an appeal from the dcci sion of Helen Pfrimnier, count school superintendent, to Miss Sam nelson. Miss Gookin's salary checks meanwhile, have been signed by he father, F. B. Gookin. Miss Samuel son said her pay stops "as of today. flooding Syracuse, buildings at Fulton. T/^Weather Buy Road Bonds. OSKALOOSA, .T^-Offering $501 premium and one and a ha percent interest, the White Phillips company of Davenport purchased a coaTTruck" driven" by~Fred "chatter- $167.000 block of Mahaska county ton at a street intersection. [primary road refunding bonds. FORECAST IOWA: Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday; colder Tuesday night; warmer in central and west portions Wednesday. MINNESOTA: Cloudy, snow in north, colder Tuesday night; Wednesday fair, somewhat warmer in southwest portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at S o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum Monday 71 Minimum in Night 33 At 8 a. m. Tuesday 31 For the first time this year the temperature Monday climbed into the summer heat zone. But during the night, to the accompaniment of a brisk, dust-laden southwest wind, there was a precipitous decline ot the mercury to one degree above freezing ON THE INSIDE SMITH W. BROOKHAKT Brookhart Says Borah Only Hope of G. 0. P. ON PAGE 10 2 Armstrong Tickets Now Out of Running ON PAGE 8 Rubber Boundaries Stop Basket Teams i "Three Story Farming." Questions Miss Gookin asked he pupils in examinations were amon, ! the factors involved in consideratio of the case. One of these--to defin "three story farming".--set agricul turists as well as educators on still hunt for an answer. One educator found it had no re lation to the stories a farmer migh tell about the size of his crops. Miss Gookin defined it as "having fru on trees, then corn on stalks, an then something lower, like toma toes." Miss Samneison said her perusal of the examination papers offered "as exhibits of Miss Gookin's in- competency and in the light of her own attempted explanation of her grading" revealed a "standard of work very inferior to that which may reasonably be expected from a competent teacher." School Work Difficult. Letters from Miss Gookin's former teachers. Miss Samuelson added, "bring- out the fact that school work was difficult for her." The opinion stated that Miss Gookin's grade in the examination for a certificate was 82 per cent. She received her high school normal training certificate in November. 1923, the opinion stated, and was | unemployed as a teacher u n t i l she I obtained a contract in her home district in 1935-36. Miss Samuelson said she had found no evidence that the county superintendent was prejudiced in deciding Miss Gookin's case. Miss Gookin had contended, through her attorney, that she was the victim of a conspiracy instigated by the wife of a school board candidate whom Mr. Gookin defeated in the last election. ON PAGE 9 Davenport Favored for Final Contests ON PAGE 9 McNider Estate Case Argued by Attorneys ON PAGE 5 Plans for Improved Building Show Made ON PAGE 12 Iowa WPA Wage Rate in December $49.42; U. S. Average $50.03 WASHINGTON. t.P)--The work I progress administration announced | Tuesday that during December its ; monthly wage rate for Iowa aver| aged $49.42 against a national av- ! crage of .?SO.O?.. j Tho rate in Minnesota was i $55.95 and LEAGUE COUNCIL VOTES TO CLOSE SESSION j)carno Signatories t o Keep on Negotiating With Germany. )TlRhi. l!t:l«, by Tile .\sMiclaltd TrMh LONDON--The league of nations :oundl, without waiting to hear di- -ectly from Rcichsfuehrer Hitler, /oted Tuesday to adjourn without .aking further action on Germany's ,-iolation of the Locarno treaty. The council members decided they vould reassemble at Geneva whenever their president, Stanley M. Bruce of Australia, called them to meet. In the meantime. Great Britain, France, Belgium and Italy--the cosignatories and guarantors of the Locarno pact--are to continue negotiations with Germany. The council made its quick decision while Joachim von Ribbenlrop, Hitler's special ambassador, wag traveling by airplane from Berlin with his chief's eagerly awaited reply. Arrives Too Late. His airplane landed at Croydon airfield at 5:30 p. m., a few minutes after the council session had adjourned and most of the delegates had left St. James' palace. The council explained its adjournment by' stating: "It was believed action by the council should momentarily be suspended because of existing conversations." It invited the Locarno treaty powers to "keep the council informed of the developments of these conversations." An authoritative source said France .was disappointed by Great Britain's attitude toward Germany and consequently sought adjournment of the league body. French Disappointed. The council was called into session here to consider Germany's violation of the Locarno treaty through remilitarizing the Rhine- and and now awaits Reichsfuehrer Hitler's answer to proposals for smoothing out the critical situation resulting. It was stated that he French are disappoint because Great Britain considers the proposals exactly that and not an ultimatum, as the French prefer. The feasibility of proposing that the council adjourn was discussed privately Tuesday by Joseph Paul- Boncour, the French minister with portfolio, with Maxim Litvinoff, foreign commissar of Russia, and Nicholas THulescu, foreign minister of Rumania. Other Complications. Two other factors complicated the situation, in addition to the lack of official word from Hitler at the time the council met privately. First, Premier Mussolini had not yet replied with either a ratifica- tiion or a rejection of the plan for settling the Rbineland situation. Second, word from Paris said France had flatly refused to consider any counter-proposals by Hitler. STOCK MARKETS CRASH IN MILAN AND ROME ROME, (.T)--The stock markets in Milan and Rome crashed Tuesday following Premier Mussolini's abolition of large private industries in Itajy. Losses in major stocks ranged from 7 to 40 points in the heavy selling by traders. The stock of Fiat, manufacturing automobiles and war- materials, dropped from 373.5 to 347.5. Bonds Fairly Steady. Pirelli, the Italian rubber company, dropped rrom 1141 to 1115; Terni Steel works dropped from 233 to 221: Cantoni cotton fell from 2140 to 2100: Snia-Viscosa Cellulose fell from 371.75 to 368: Montecatini Chemicals fell irom 197 to 186. Government bonds were steady but they eased off fractionally. Premier Mussolini's "decrees of destiny"--to quote one authoritative newspaper--fashioned the fascist state anew to the echoes of applause by members of the dictator's black- shirt party. Express Their Approval. Fascists accepted Monday's news on the suppression of the chamber j o f deputies, giving way to a "chamber of fascists and corporations," and the abolition of big private business organizations with their customary expressions of approval. II Popolo di Roma said of 11 Duce's announcement, bringing to fruition the corporative state he announced in 1933, that those who heard him "could not escape impression of hearing from m o u t h decrees of destiny.'' the his Recommends Postmaster. WASHINGTON. (.Pi--Represents, in Nebraska S42. The j live Edward C. Eicher, Washington, · highest rate, in the northeast see- Iowa, democrat, recommended ap- j tion of the country was $58.10. : p o i n t m e n t of Bernice Green as Win- · while in the south it 1 was ? 26.78. i field, Iowa, postmaster

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