The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 6, 1931 · Page 3
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March 6, 1931

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, March 6, 1931
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MARCH 6 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A Lee Syndicate Newspaper- Issued Every Week "Day by the ' - MASON CITS GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St Telephone No'. 3800 WILL, F."MUSE.. Editor W. EARL, HALL Managing Editor p. LOOMIS. ......* Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Daily, per year, $7.00 Daily, per week ^ 15 · Outside ol Mason City and Clear Lake Dally, per year by carrier... $7.00 Daily, per week by carrier...... 15 Daily, per year by mail 4-00 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month .50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months ?3.25 3 months 1-75 Entered at the Fostoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as .. · Second Class Matter It takes all kinds o£ people to malce a world. --DOUGLAS JERROLD G C , RURAL AREAS BENEFIT MOST »OV. FRANLJN ROOSEVELT o f . New York has ^ long been a believer that the success or failure of any government in the final analysis must be measured by the well being of its citizens. With this as his yardstick, he places himself squarely behind the rapidly moving trend toward county health units as a means of promotiug-the happiness and health of citizens, particularly in rural communities. , Reporting on studies made under his direction, the New York chief executive says: "The rapid strides in medical science, and the experience we have gained in public health administration convinced me last year that it was again time to make a comprehensive survey of the entire subject of public health as a governmental function, state and local. "For these reasons, on May 1, 1930, I appointed an informal and unofficial commission of 14 members under, the chairmanship of President Farrand, of Cornell university, charged with the duty of making such a survey. The membership of that commission is indeed a distinguished one. Even the preliminary report which the commission has recently sent me, and which I have transmitted to the legislature, opens the way for a new health program during the coming years which, if well executed, should bring to New York state far greater advances along every line of health protection than has been achieved during the recent ·yeacs of which we are justly proud. "An outstanding feature is the recommendation of the commission that county boards of health should be organized in all counties to provide for our rural areas more effective control of tuberculosis, venereal and other communicable diseases, the protection of maternity and infancy, the safeguarding of public milk and water supplies, more effective public health nursing service and-other elements of a-modern'health program. _.· "Practically every scientific organization inter; ested in public health, has Indorsed the idea of ' V=«f aKHaliincr:*v\nrrifi , rtf i«»jllrri 'em . R p.nilnrv 'basis ,'leg^slatibtfrsubstittiuhg 1 ';'the' county 1 as the unit of local health administration in place of the town and village. It also recommends that cities be made a part of county health districts only when the city requests that it be included, and that villages of more.than 5,000 inhabitants be permitted, if they desire, to retain their local boards of health." The point of importance in the Roosevelt view given here is that the county health unit is of greatest value to rural residents. A few years ago there was a general _assumption that the bracing outdoor life of the country made for a superior health but in virtually every case "when actual knowledge has-supplanted the pleasant theory, it has been revealed that generally speaking country-reared children are not as healthy as their town cousins. This is indisputably true in Iowa. Under the circumstances, then, it is a bit ironical to find principal objection to the county health unit plan emanating from the very quarters which would stand to gain most and at least expense. The significant appraisal of this proposal by one so well qualified as Governor Roosevelt to speak ought to go a long way toward the development of a clearer understanding of what is intended and/ what' the predicable benefits would be. 1 FORT DODGE'S DECISION TY A RATHER lop-sided vote, Fort Dodge Wednes i day refused to adopt the council-manager form of municipal government. It has been understood that the opposition to the change had large odds and nobody Is much surprised by the election results. While the campaign against the proposal obviously was*based on a large number of "facts which aren't BO," it seems quite evident that Fort Dodge is less in need of a change of government than most Iowa cities. Clearly the need is not aa great there as it was in Mason City when the change was made. Fort Dodge has been able to attract really able men into public service. There has been an evident endeavor to balance the income with the outgo and to operate generally on businesslike standards. Here, and in many other cities the "by guess and by gosh" methods encouraged by the commissipn or the ordinary aldermanic system of government have led to an oppressive tax burden. So far as Mason City is concerned, the Fort Dodge campaign has had the effect of bringing out this important and indisputable fact which is more eloquent than anything else that could be said for or against our plan of government: ' In four years without increasing the tax levy - there has been a reduction of §400,000 from tiie enormous municipal indebtedness which the city manager form of government inherited In 1927, accomplished with Improved rather than diminished service from our municipal government in all departments. 'Clearly the time is not far ofl when there can be a serious consideration of reducing our levy. If residents of Mason City will keep this fact in mind, it will be helpful to them in the next few weeks as they seek to weigh the biased claims which will be made about our government and its administrators in connection with tbe approaching campaign. EXTENDING A MUSIC PRIVILEGE A PROPOSAL before the present assembly to give " cities larger than 40,000, the limit under the present law, an opportunity to vote a tax of not to exceed one half mill for the providing of a municipal band ought to have little opposition. Such a measure has been introduced by Senator Stoddard of Woodbury county, presumably for the purpose of letting Sioux Cityans determine whether they wish to avail themselves of a municipal band. Legislators will understand that it is nothing more than the authorization of a referendum. If the people of a given community do not desire to go to the expense of a municipal band,.there is no requirement upon them to do so. Smaller communities have found their investment in music a great dividend-payer and. there is no reason why the residents of more populous centers should be barred from the privilege. A speedy passage of the Stoddard bill is desirable. Under the terms of the Stoddard hill, all cities of the state would he permitted to levy for a municipal band, with the exception of Des Moines. Perhaps there is a good reason for barring Des Moines, altho it isn't evident on the surface. - Generally speaking, there is no valid objection to letting the people oE a community determine for themselves how and for what they shall spend their own money. If it were a question of determining how the money of somebody else should be spent, the question' would be altered. What is proposed in the Stoddard bill is no more than applied democracy. MORE TRUST ESSENTIAL are now more men under arms in Europe than in 1914; there are more munitions, more fortifications--and more bitterness of spirit. Disarmament must come unless there is to be another world war, and it cannot come until there is more trust and confidence among the European neighbors. OTHER EDITORS MOTHERS INDORSE MILITARY TRAINING Davenport Democrat: One of the finest, most intelligent and most.courageous things we have known a company of mothers to do, for a long time, was the action taken by the Davenport council of Parent- Teachers' association, indorsing compulsory military training in the public schools. Military training is not compulsory Kin the Davenport schools, but it is so attractive, and the course here so excellent, that the R. O. T. C. of the -Davenport high school, as is well known here, consists of a full regiment of over 400 members. Davenport mothers know what the military training course has done for their sons. It has straightened their backs, made them more alert and healthy, disciplined them.for life, outside of school as well as in school, and the mothers know that a country whose citizens have that kind' of a start can face any national emergency in much better shape than that in which, for instance, we had to face the'emergency of 1917. How much might have been saved to this country in blood anc! treasure if all our youth at that time had been as well trained as a graduate of the Davenport high school who has taken military training, is beyond calculation. ; So, knowing whereof they speak from the example of military training that they have right here at home --appreciating its effect on the sons of their own homes--Davenport mothers resolve in favor of military training in the schools of the country as being one of the most valuable privileges that the schools can offer and that youth can accept. If mothers in all our cities had the same fine demonstration, close at hand, of the work of the R. O. T. C. and the value of military training, the pacifists would be out of a job .and' their field agents out-of a raeal ticket. They would have to ;get to VSflsrat something useful, and that is a consummation devoutly to be wished. THE STATE RAIDS ITS' UNIVERSITY Davenport Democrat: There appear to be no length to which the prosecution of the University of Iowa will not ,go in the trial which they have instituted before a legislative committee at Des Moines. , Monday evening all pretense that States Attorney Fletcher and his forces are not actively assisting in the prosecution of the case was dropped, and the University offices at Iowa City were raided by state agents with a view to taking possession of all record; ana 1 correspondence. With possession goes responsibility, the prosecution is reminded by Emmet Tinley, counsel" for tie state board of education and the university officials who are on trial, and who have discharged large responsibilities in the past in a way which they and their friends feel should entitle them to some con side ration and at _Ieast a fair trial. PUBLIC OPINION TO DECIDE loiva City Press-Citizen: Regardless of what we may think or desire, this case against the university eventually and inevitably is going to be decided by public opinion, and if the thousands of lowans all over this great state, who own the university, once get the idea that they are receiving a "deal from a marked deck," that the cards are stacked against them or that political considerations are figuring- in the manipulations of the trial, the investigation may as well be consigned to the scrap heap pronto and the taxpayers saved further expense as far as their decision is concerned. AUE BIRDS SMART? YOU ASK Boston Transcript: Do birds think? A correspondent writes that some robins that 'were in the habit of using his bird bath arrived one morning to find it frozen over. A consultation'was held- and one robin flew off and fetched a woodpecker, which soon made a hole big enough for their purpose.-Do birds think? Ask us another. 119,02-1,909,900 CIGARETS Waterloo Courier: The year 1930 may have been 12 months of depression, but the production of cig- arets reached a new high of 119,624,909,900, an increase of 586,000,000 over 1929, Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America NEIGHBORS (Rend Luke 10:25-37. Text, LuUe 10:20). And who Is my neighbor? The most cruel punishment ever devised was solitary confinement. Its victims went insane, for they had no neighbors.-Robinson Crusoe is not a boy's book; it is an attempt to solve the problem of solitude without sacrificing reason. The philosophic ingenuity of DeFoe failed, and he had to bring in the aian Friday. One of the evils of great cities is that they give us people but not neighbors. la the quiet of the country we have neighbors who can share our joys and sorrows, and who-are always ready with their help in time of trouble. There speech is more rare, but also more intimate and sacred. To have a neighbor is to have one of life's richest treasures; to be a neighbor is to find the way to our sweetest joys. "And sweet it is To sit, echoing spirit with singing spirit, As-friend with friend by the wayside of the years, Above the dust ot time and circumstance, And hoar, in the lone hour of delight, The sacred things that man hath said to man " For comfort of his sad and wondering heart." Prayer: Our Father, Who art the Father of all, give us the grace of friendship, and lead us in the way of kindness toward all Thy children, especially to those in need. In Jesus' name. Amen. THE OLD HOME TOWN . . . . . . By Stanley THATS MlfiSMTY NICE OF VoU BLOBB\ DONT IT HAPPEN SELF TURNING PANCAKE. FLOUR -- NON -SKID 5LASS -- ASSORTED OLDBcNEVJ TAKE TOUR OONTFAU- THOSE NPRTTH SIDE KIDS IN A MTTl-e EAfeOf SPRIHQ FOOTBAUU.PRACTICE "TODAY SHOWED KEAU HEADWOOK, TE-AM SPIRIT AND EXCEPTIONAL- SPEED IN THE. DIET and HEALTH INHERITED FOOD IDIOSYNCRACIES T'HE BODILY condition known as allergy, which we 1 have been discussing this week, is present in a good proportion of the population. Just what the percentage is has been variously reported. Hay fever, which is one form of it, occurs in these parts of the "* ' country where ragweed grows """"" densely, in about 5 par cent of all persons. Food allergy is less common. Searching into- the fundamental causes of it, the most prominent thing is heredity. In 94 members of certain family reported, it was found that four had asthma, 11 had hay fever, 15 had vasomotor nasal latarrh, 17 had attacks of hives, 14 had eczema and six a form o£ skin disease called angio-neuroUc oed- sma.- · " ' _ · · - , ' - · : - : . , ' , . - . Such people may be sensitive to _ many different things, This one may - -- *have asthma when near horses. Dr. Clchdenlng That i, onet ge ts Mves when he eats *· brazil nuts. The other a dermatitis when in the presence of' primroses. And the whole bunch may get itchy eyes and runny noses when the ragweed blooms on Aug. 17. Besides that, many unsuspected tho familiar substances seem to cause such conditions. It o£ten takes a good deal of detective work to uncover them. Such stories as this are common in the literature: A woman said she noticed that she had asthma every time she had her watch cleaned. It was found that she was allergic to boxwood dust which jewelers use to clean gold. A school teacher had a mysterious dermatitis of the hands. It persisted in spite of all dietary restrictions. Finally it was found the condition was due to chalk dust. A stenographer had asthma beginning every afternoon at 5 o'clock when she quit .work and lasting two hours. She never had it Sunday, nor during vacations. She was sensitive to the glue on envelope flaps which she licked when she mailed the letters at the end of the day. Sometimes people are sensitive to many substances. Here is the report of a boy who was .sensitive to codfish, cat hair, horse dander, orris powder, wheat and apple. How would you like to be in that poor kid's shoes? But there is a ray of hope. When he went to Florida his asthma disappeared and he was able to eat anything he liked except fish. A little girl was sensitive to cat hairs and also to wheat, oat, casein and barley, but when she avoided cats she was free from asthma, no mattef what she ate. There is a lot about this subject we don't know yet. Especially it must be remembered that food (and other sensitizing substances such as dust and plants) are not the only cause of asthma, hives and eczema. Many cases of these diseases can never be proved to be due to allergy at all. JUST FOLKS 1 lly EUGAJl A. CUESi THREE HUNDRED DOLLARS Three hundred dollars lost! The shrewd Deride my hot, impulsive mood. I loaned it to a felon. One The law had stamped a brand upon, Who, feigning he was faint of breath, Opened a window, dove to death. Three hundred dollars with him .went, Which I in pleasure might have spent. The wise men laugh and say I knew His ugly record thru and thru; That there are good men to befriend And honest men to whom to lend; But this I knew who heard his plea: None needed friendship more than he. I was the last of all on earth . To think he still could prove his worth. Desperate he was to start again And show; himself a man to men. I heard his story, and I gave The money his one hope to save. Then said--and now I wonder why-"Henceforth 'twere better you should die Than to betray with faithlessness The last true friend whom you possess." "I will remember you," he said-And two days later he was dead. Wise men repeat the story o'er, Thinking the money I deplore, But I've long ceased to dwell upon Those cheap three hundred dollars gone. While still I wonder--was he led To death by those few words I said? EARLIER DAYS Being n Dnlly Compilation of IritcrCfitlng Items from "Twenty Years ABO" Files at the Globe-Gazelle. tbe 0, 1011 Hit] you ever wrllA a .letter in Frederic il. HnNktn? You can ask him any fjurfttlon .of fact and get the answer In n personal letter. It in a mirt of that best purpnsn of a newspaper--service. There !K nn charge, except Z cents In rpln or ntnrnpH, for return paMagc. Address Frederic J. Ilnskln, Director, tlio niobe-Gnzcttc Information Bureau, Washington, I). C. The first move for the interstate road leading from :he capital of Iowa to that of Minnesota was made ast week when certain information was sought by Des Moines persons relative to the proposed road. It s proposed to have a dragged road leading between :he two cities and Mason City is to be on the map. This is being taken up by the promoters of good roads in. both states and incidentally the road committees of Albert Lea and Mason City are interested. The pathfinders for the auto club suggest the route leading-thru the cities of Northfield, Albert Lea, Northwood, Mason City, Hampton and Iowa Falls and the points to be considered in laying out the road. This road is to be kept in shape by the use of the road drag. It will be considerable of an impetus to Mason City's popularity to have such a highway between the two' capital cities and incidentally Mason. City may be expected to become a sort of halfway house for most of the tourists. Yesterday the police were making a canvass of the wards of the city to find suitable places for the convenience of the male portion of the population, the last Monday in March. This is the date a mayor and six ctfuncilmen are to be chosen. The places selected were: First ward, Garvey and Mulgrew office; second ward, courthouse; third ward, E. B. Higley company; fourth ward, National hotel.- Tue William.H. Potts jewelry store which for a number of years has been located in the Adams block on North Main street will be moved soon to new quarters in the new First National bank building. As soon as the building is completed, Mr. Potts expects to move his stock. The. new location will give room on the main floor and will have a street entrance. Secretary Sly of the Commercial club has had printed a number of large cards containing the personal names of the committees of the club, the chairmen and the phone number of each chairman. This card is printed in a glowing color and bears the injunction to "boost" and to ac once eliminate the hammer and the anvil chorus. A highly ornamented piece of feminine headgear paid the penalty of its temerity in venturing out on a March day when it was twisted from its mooring by a sudden gust of %vind and landed in the street where an accomodating horse set his foot upon it to hold it till recovered. The hat which was then reduced to a state ofdocllity was only a fit object for the junk heap. Judge A. H. Cummings, candidate for mayor of Mason City, at a meeting held in the assembly room of the courthouse last evening discussed the various issues of the campaign from his standpoint. The meeting was well attended by the voters and the judge was at his best as a spellbinder. He talked of civic affairs, as they touched taxation, public improvements, expenditure of money and police regulation. The speaker's views were pronounced, and the discussion gave plenty of room for thot to the uninformed and opportunity to make an investigation. Q. Where there more antos sold in 19SO than in 1029? C. H. A. Production in 1930 dropped to the lowest figure since 1922. The output amounted to 3,350,000 cars in 1930 as compared to 5,358,000 cars in 1929. Q. How long has billiards been played? J. G. A. Frank Menke's "All-Sports Record Book" says there is no definite record/ Some authorities declare that the Egyptians played it hundreds of years before the Christian era. There is evidence that the Greeks indulged in billiards about 400 B. C. Q. Which expands more, wutor or solids? H. A. A. Solids have a much smaller coefficient of expansion than liqvu'ds That of liquods increases with the temperature. Q. How does the number of visitors from other countries compare with the number of immigrants who come to this country? F. F. A. In 1930, there were 241,700 immigrants. Those coming as visitors, students, or other reasons for temporary stay numbered 201,514. J. Did Edwin Booth rcmiiin on the stnge after his brother, John Wilkcs Booth, assassinated Presi- Iont Lincoln 1 G. S. A. He retire from the stage, but upon the earnest solicitation of his friends, returned to the boards in 1866. He was a very popular actor. In April, 1891, he retired to tin Players''club, which he founded and to which he gave more than S250,- 000. . J. Wcro ships cut in two during the World war to get them to tlio sea coast? C. B. A. Large ships were cut in two to bring them from the Great Lakes to the coast. The vessels were cut in two by means of an acetylene torch while in dry dock. The sections were then boarded and caulked, after which the dock was flooded and tho sections were hauled apart and towed. The halves were later rejoined and made seaworthy. , Q. How old Is the oldest gravn in Trinity Churchyard, New York city? A. E. H. S. The oldest grave-stone YOLTRE THE JUDGE F OR SOME time now the Sunlight Hills Realty company had been holding a certain piece of land in the suburbs for a choice business site that James Maxwell owned. They had negotiated with him about it for months and at last entered into a written agreement to make the exchange. A provision of the agreement held that if any of the pieces of real estate had any notices of violation of city ordinances against them, the seller should clear the way before the trade was effected. It was found that there were several such notices against residence lots in the suburbs held by the real estate firm. But for some reason they had not been cleared away before the time for the trade came. However, now that the day of the trade had almost arrived, the Sunlight Hills Realty firm desired to put the deal thru without hitch, called on Maxwell and there made a verbal arrangement with him that il any notices were not cleared away before the day of the trade, a sum equal to the cost of the clearing was to be deposited at a certain bank and the details put thru as tho the notices had'all been cleared away, and so they parted. But when the day came for the trade to be completed, Maxwell desired not to go thru with it. He argued that he believed the notices should have been cleared away. So the Sunlight Hills Realty company filed suit. marked as follows: "Here lyest tho bodey of Richarfl Churcher, the son of William Churcher, who died the fifth day of August, 1681, aged 5 years." Q. What stnto produced tho most petroleum last year? J. C. A. Texas led with 289,965,000 barrels. Q. When was the last case of yellow fever in U. S.? F. McN. A. There has not been a case since 1905. , Q. When did Mexico become tlio size that it is ut present? B. L. S. A. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Feb. 2, 1848, conveyed to the United States the territory which has since become the states of California, Nevada and Utah, part of Colorado, and the largest parts o£ New Mexico and Arizona. Previous to that time, this territory belonged to Mexico. Five years laier, the United States purchased from Mex- t ico about 45,000 square miles of southern Arizona for $10,000,000. Since this treaty, Mexico has remained approximately the same size as It is at present. Q.' What proportion ot U. S. highways is surfaced? E. H. A. Approximately 627,000 miles, or more than a fifth. Q. What is tho floral emblem ot Alaska? G. C. A. By an act of the legislature, approved in 1917, the wild native forget-me-not is the · territorial and floral emblem of Alaska. CJ. Is it cruel to shoe horses? K. M. A. No. In fact to use -unshod horses for heavy work is cruel. An unshod horse doing much walking or heavy work may become seriously lame. Q. What would bo done with a person who went blind while serving a prison sentence? F. O. A. He is cared for in the same manner as prior to hig loss of sight, except of course in the management of stairway marching, reading, etc. In large up-to-date prisons vocational education is provided if available, if not available, he is usually sent, after completing his sentence, to an institution for the blind, there to be taught how to read and write and learn some trade at which to earn bis living. Q. Can squirrels lio caught ullvc without Injuring them? 1C. S. A. Yes, by using cage traps baited with nuts. BO-BROADWAY N "By JOSEPH VAN RAAI.TE- EW YORK, March 6.--Astoria-- ono of the little angles. !n the great futuristic picture known as Greater New York--houses the Paramount movie studios. Somebody referred to the place as "the Hollywood of the East" and Astoria went up in the air. "Hollywood o' th' East, notliin,'" they said. If there was to be any comparison made let them call Hollywood "the Astoria of the West." All of which is very interesting when it is 'recalled that Astoria doesn't boast a decent speakeasy. * * * G ONE AND FORGOTTEN--A local Pust Uffus official, with a statistical mind figured out the other day that it cost the mailing public about 5325,000 last December to say "Merry Christmas." And because, a lot of. the goodwill dispensers forgot to place a return address on the envelope, between 3,000,000 and 4,000,000 epistles of cheer bearing cock-eyed addresses found their way to the dead letter office. Who's Who and Timely Views U. S. POSITIONS IN WORLD TRADE SECURE By I)U. JULIUS KLEIN Assistant Secretary of Commerce. \ Dr. Julius Klein was Ijirn In San Jose. Cal., J u n e 27, 18RG, nnrl \vtix crntlualiMl from Uio University or California In 1007. He 1ms mailo Investigations | n itic archives of IjUln-Amerlc/i nnrl Europe In history anil economics. Dr. Klein hocame clilef oC tlie Latin-American division of Hie U. S. department of commerce In 1917 anil In 19-l was rnticle director of the bureau qf forelfin-nnd domestic commerce. He now is assistant secretary of commerce). T HE MARKED decline in exports during 1930 has not affected the relative position of the United States in world trade and does not warrant any feeling of uncertainty as to our hold on foreign markets. Recent showing figures declines .Julius Klein of our exports in 1930 have caused a thoroly under- s t a n d a b l e uut nevertheless u n warranted feeling that the United States is faced with the prospect of losing its preeminent position in the- world's trade. Quite apart from How would you decide this case? Make up your mind before, you rend the decision. The decision: The court held for the renlty firm. The JudgeR reasoned thus: Mr. Maxwell had a rl^nt to change hl/i mind and \vlUidraw Ills personal agreement, Intt nt, should have rlonc RO hefnre the dnte for the trade came due. The same nRrcemcnt prevented the Sunlight HIMa Really company from clearing the notices. the factor of price declines as an important element in these heavy decreases in foreign trade values, there is an even more Important element in this picture of the relative status of our commerce which is all too frequently overlooked. I refer to the-proportion which we now enjoy in the imports of the leading markets of the world. That ratio is, of course, the crucial determinant of the relative success which wo are having in comparison with the other great export nations Final figures for the 19SO Imports of these competitive markets are not yet available, but fairly accurate estimates can be made on the basis of preliminary totals. Comparing our share in the imports of these markets in 1913 as pLOTJDS OVER GOTHAM--I de*-" test Uio Btatlstical -mind. Maybe that's why I'm everlastingly en- "~ l countering it. A man backed me up in a corner the other day to, tell me that on an average "dirty day" in New York there are about two tons of black impurity suspended in the air over every square mile--perhaps 500 tons over the metropolitan area. This dirt intercepts the sunlight. The chimneys in the metropolitan area every day, send out about 1,000 tons of suiphuroour and sulphuric acids, which corrode metal roofs, disintegrate stone buildings, rot drying laundry, irritate throats and destroy plant life. The cost of the direct damage clue to smoke in Tammany Town is estimated at $10 to ?20 per capita a year, in extra laundry, cleaning, painting and replacement of roofs. I don't know whether you find all that interesting. But it was passed to me, as I say, and I'm handing it along, not wishing to stagger thru life with a secret like that locked in my heart. against last year, we discover in [ pres.sionF. these typical cases the following interesting figures: In Canada out- proportion of the total imports rose in that time from 01,8 per cent to 66.1 per cent. In Brazil the shift was from 15 to 24 per cent. In Chile, from 16 to 33 per cent. In British India, from 2,f, to nearly 8 per cent. In Japan, from 17 to 32 per cent. Even with the old world itself our shares-of the imports of some of tho markets have not suffered so badly. In the case of France we had 10.6 per cent of the total import trade before the war and we increased that slightly to 10.8 per cent last year. In Italy our share has risen from about 14 per cent to nearly 16 per cent. In the case of Germany and the.United Kingdom, our proportions havo fallen slightly--in the former from about 15 per cent to 12Vi per cent, and in the United Kingdom from 18 per cent to 1-t per cent. The latter decline was duo doubtless to a marked increase in imports from Canada of many commodities made in American-owned branch factories so thnt American industry and capital did not lose out entirely by the shift of British imports from the United States to the Great Dominion. It would seem, therefore, that in spite of tho chaotic upheavals of warfare and tho alleged irritations of sharp discussions of such contentious issues as tariffs, debt settlement, immigration policies, etc., our exports trade stiJl continues to hold its relative importance, even Uio in value it, like that of all other nations, has fallen because of de-

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