The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 3, 1939 · Page 4
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March 3, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, March 3, 1939
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEI! NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITS GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State Street ' Telephone No. 3800 Entered aj sccond-dasa matter April 17. 1935, at the post- clUce at Mason City. Iowa, under the act o! March 3, 1879. USE P . LOOMIS - _ _ - . - - Publisher Vf. EARL HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager MEMBEH ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Presa Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In trtf* paper And also the local news published herein. FULL LEASED W»E SERVICE BY UNITED PRESS. IlEitBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Ees Uolnes news and business otilccs at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Muon City and Ciear Lake, Mason City and Clear Lah«, by the year $10.00 by the week $ .10 OUTSIDE 3IASON CITr AND CLEAR LAKE AND wrruiN 100 MILES OK MASON cm Per year by carrier $ 7.00 By mall 6 months t 2.73 Per week by carrier...s .15 By mail 3 months » 1.50 Per year by mad s 5,00 By mail 1 month $ .50 OUTSIDE 100 ailLE ZONE IN ' IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per year...56.00 Six ninths.. .£3.25 Three months.. .(1.19 1H ALL STATES OTHER THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per yr...53.00 6 months. .54.50 3 months. .42.50 1 month..S1.09 One South Iowa View r\ON BERRY at the Indianola Record, right *·' down near the heart of the current agitation for diversion from primary funds for the construction of so-called farm-to-market roads, sees some ominous threats to the whole road-building setup in Iowa. In this minor diversion he sees a re-enactment of the old story of the camel: "His head is under the tent and it may be hard to keep him from going clear in." Any diversion whatever from the primary fund, in Mr. Berry's opinion, constitutes "breaking faith with the people who voted primary road bonds on the representation that they would be retired out o£ the primary road fund before it was used for any other purpose than the building of primary roads." "If," lie adds, "the people of Iowa want to Iay~ themselves liable to a property tax to pay off their primary road bonds, let them do it with their eyes open." Diversion for county roads will inevitably Jead to a suspicion that diversion can be had for other purposes, the southern Iowa editor warns. "The cities," to quote from him, "have already been restive, calling for aid in the pavement of city streets. The paving of primary roads in cities out of primary road funds is one thing, comparable to the paving of primary roads in the country; but the paving of other city streets from primary road funds is quite another 'thing and is comparable to improvement of secondary country roads from the same fund. The cities are already demanding assistance for paving streets other than primary roads; and to make a case for their claim they cite that they pay more gasoline tax than do farmers. While we have not looked up the figures we suspect they can prove their claim. Just what defense will the farm counties put up for denying to the cities what they have obtained for themselves? "It would seem that those who have been looking with greedy eyes on the gasoline tax as a source oj easy money may now say, as did Brutus after he had incited the mob against Caesar: 'Mischief thtiu art afoot; take thou what course thou wilt.' "The Record predicts a 5 cent gasoline tax within four years." : In a second editorial air. Berry makes note "of the surprisingly rapid progress that has been, made in improving farm-to-market roads up to this time and volunteers a prediction that the results under the current diversion proposal will prove enormously disappointing. To quote again: "In 1936 congress appropriated for farm-to- market roads in Iowa 5658,000, available until July 1, 1939. In 1937 $640,000 was appropriated available until 1940. Then 5382,000 was appropriated in 193B, available until 1941. This year it is expected another ?382,000 will be appropriated, available until 1942. This makes a total of $2,062,000 that will be available to Iowa during 1939. "Now, if the state would take a similar amount out of the primary road fund right now to match the federal money, it would make 54,124,000 to spend on farrn-to-market roads. Spread over all the state, Warren county would receive approximately $41,240 as her share. Judged by the job done under federal and state supervision in White Oak township two years ago, this would grade, but not gravel, six miles of road. "Which township and which mail route would get it; and how would the rest of them feel about it? "Someone may ask how we have made as much progress ,as we have in improving secondary roads. A sensible question. "Most of us overlook that the state already pays to the counties for secondary roads every year more than 56,000,000, to which can be added the county road taxes; so that, during the past ten years, as much or more money has been spent on secondary roads than on primary roads. Yet the primary roads carry 90 per cent of the traffic. "But this money is spent under direction of county supervisors and county engineers, and they can get a lot more farms out of the mud than can the state and federal engineers with their regulations and rules of construction, which are absolutely o. k. for primary roads, but which will make progress on farm-to-market roads so slow that most of us will ride to our graves on mud roads. "What worries the Record is that the program now before the legislature in house file No. 114, as passed by the house, will seriously threaten the primary road fund and not do much for farm-to- market roads." * * » The World Rejoices T-IHE world--that part of it at least which be- A lieves that man has some rights by virtue of being human--is pleased with the selection of Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli to be Pope Pius XII. Cardinal Pacelli, as papal secretary of stale, has been extremely close to the Roman church leadership these past several years. Nobody quite so completely as he understands the enormously complex and complicated problems which confront a church which is a part of the life of every civilized nation. The pontiff-elect is being acclaimed as an opponent of the totalitarianisms. That he is a consecrated follower of the Christian religion would point to the propriety of this classification. The fundamental tenets of Christianity are at war with the totalitarian concept that man owes his first and his complete allegiance to a state government In the Christian philosophy, man's most binding authority emanates from God. To non-Catholic as well as Catholic there is something deeply gratifying in the choice of Cardinal PacelU. It is fitting that he should continue the Pius line. Everything points to a consecrated leadership under a pontiff big of heart and great of soul. Thoughts Worth Remembering-- · 1 ,,"9 Ur , thoughts ar « the real epochs of our lives. All else is but as a record of the winds that, blow wmle we are here."--Henry D. Thoreau. FRIDAY, MARCH 3, 1939 L O O K-O O^-Hly DAILY SCRAP BOOK . By Scott EYE Each succeeding contact with Iowa's little secretary of slate impresses one with the verity of the old saying about no pole being long enough when you're dealing with a polecat. * * » It's possible, ot course, to have bad government under the city manager plan. But it's a good deal less likely than under any other plan yet conceived. * · » Another group which thinks war is inevitable for the United States is the group which believed a few years ago that we belonged in the league of nations. » * * Tom Dewey seems to possess the one most valuable qualification in the eyes of the American public--an appeal to the imagination. * * * -As a business salesman, Harry Hopkins is in a class with the bald-headed dispenser of hair restorer. * * * Justices Black and Reed at least were obedient to their master's voice in that sitdown opinion. » « « A parole board must be made o£ stuff that won't dissolve under a shower of tears. * * * A look at Spain today suggests a use of tha expression, "our so-called civilization." PROS and CONS Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges low Estimate of Intelligence Sheffield Press: A bill before the Iowa leglsla-' ture would bar a banker convicted of embezzlement from again holding a bank position. Our high-minded law makers must consider the aver-' age board of directors a bit weak-minded if they consider it necessary to pass a law to prevent a bank from hiring an embezzler. In our opinion such a crook would have a tough time finding a job of any kind, even without the law. About One of the Local Forum Speakers Sioux City Tribune: Major Booth's evident purpose in America is to promote sentiment for the Hull program which we repeat is a pro-British program instead of a pro-American program. We heard the gentleman through and, in our case at least, he made no sale. We do admire cleverness in a man, however, and on that score we award the visiting Briton a plaque engraved with palms--or something. For Taxing Government Salaries Nbrthwood Anchor: The talk about the "tax burden" that would be imposed on public job holders if they are subjected to the state and federal income levies, is the squashiest piece of sentimental sympathy heard for a long time. Is there any reason at all why holders of public jobs should not pay taxes the same as private individuals who have to earn their money by making good of their own efforts? Safety Council 'Aid Justified Marshalltown Times-Republican: That the state safety council has been valuably effective as an educational force need not be questioned That it is to be provided with state funds seems to be up to the legislature rather than any department. But the state council should be encouraged with such assistance as the assembly may decide its needs and its worth indicate. A Typical American Reaction Ringsted Dispatch: The senior publisher of this newspaper has for years sympathized with Tom Mooney in his effort to gain his freedom. We believed him innocent, as did EO many other people. We were delighted at his release, but we have changed our mind considerably since he has deserted his faithful wife and wishes to divorce her Tom Mooney is a "heel." A Good Business Governor Knoxville Journal: Evidence accumulates that at long last Iowa has procured a hard headed business governor in George Wilson. He acts and talks like an executive who knows that overheact costs and departmental wastes must be reduced if the business is to show a profit. Would Confine Lig'uor Legislation to Beer Grundy Center Register: The legislature is Jus- fified in revising the Iowa beer law. The beer business has been loosely administered and there should be a tightening up. When that has been done, our legislature should leave further liquor legislation alone. · . Minnesota Political Prediction Fairmont Sentinel: Question: "Do you think Theodore Christiansen can come back to Minnesota and be elected United States senator in 1940'" Answer: "We think not." Worse anfl Cheaper _ Lake Mills Graphic: There Is hardly anything in the world that some man cannot make a little worse and sell a little cheaper. WAcrt -TOWERS BUIL of LOOSE. STONES Wl-fUoU-f ANY L l F f f i M E MILK RECORD MADE By A HOLS-felN COW, I M MAv^^AC-HUSE-l^ES , fiA 150 IMES HEB. WEI^H-T IM MILK, S/'i'flMES HER. WEIGHT" IK BU'f'f'eR. , D U R I N G ·YEARS - SHE. 5UAjas OF MILK A AMABA-5, W.ALKIK4 ASIA AND A F R I C A . / ·'" IN WA.-TE.R. - SSKj MAIL BAG interesting Letters Up to 250 Words Are Welcome JVORLD IS OVER-ORGANIZED QTORM LAKE-- "The church should be the home VJ of our souls, the altar of our devotion, the heart of our faith, the center of our affections and foretaste of heaven. We have united with it in solemn covenant, pledging ourselves to attend its services, to pray for its members, to GIVE GIVE Cj-IVE to its support and obey its laws. The church should have the first place in our hearts the highest place in our minds, the principal place in our activities, and its unity, peace and progress sriould concern our lives not only in this world, but even in that which is to come. When we neglect its services we injure its good name, we lessen Us power, we discourage its members and we chill our own souls." liv- 0S h S3 -T * at Wiiy ' tesienng class of men who live by playing upon the fears of the credulous. Probably the worst enemy of the freedom peace, progress and happiness of mankind is over- orgamzation. Among all the civil, political and religious organizations of the world, it would bf hard today to select that one which is not to a great extent run In the interest of the official J h M° RGANIZATION has ^ c °TM e L tlll -, ngl ? nd the MAN me ^y * T consideration. It must be served and obeyed He may be despised and neglected. iv must be honored, worshipped consulted- crowned with flowers, bedecked with gold and precious stones He may be left a wretched pa u- rans rVmg homclcss friendless, shivering in Such a state of affairs cannot go on forever And as some spake of the temple how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts He (Jesus) EQlu, "As for these things which yc behold, the day.5 will come, m the which there shall not be left «1 Superior Street WOODROW LOWE REMEMBER? From Globe-Gazette Files THIRTY YEARS AGO-While no definite news has been received from the Lehigh cement people inquiry has been sent here to representatives asking about their options. The company is anxious to keep well checked about their options on the land north of the city so that none of it gets away from them. It Is · expected they will begin building here soon. Starr Parker has removed from a residence he has been occupying on North Washington street and the property will be taken in charge by the Holy Family parish of the Catholic church. The smaller of the two houses on the property recently purchased will be moved as it has been sold for $1,000 but the larger one will be occupied by Father Dougherty as a residence, into which he is preparing to move. Work on the new church, will begin within a few days. TWENTY YEARS AGO-A fine program has been arranged for the meeting of Mason City Chapter D. A. R. which meets Monday evening with Mrs. Hardy Pool. Eighty students of Hamilton's university of commerce enjoyed a delightful dancing party Friday evening in the K. P. hall. An orchestra composed of students furnished the music and for those who did not care to dance the club rooms were thrown open and cards and other diversions helped pass the time. Frappe was served. Mrs. C. L. Loomer acted as chaperons. Senator A. L. Hule is In the city where he will spend the weekend leaving Monday for Des Moines where he is attending the present session of the legislature. TEN YEARS AGO-Mrs. John Senneff, Sr., Mrs. J. L. Pauley and. Mrs. G. M. Crabb were chosen the nominating committee at the board meeting of the Woman's club Tuesday afternoon at the public library. Mrs. H. F. Clough, chairman of the philosophy department of the Mason City Woman's club, will be in charge of'the first meeting of the history department of the Woman's club at Rockford at :30 o'clock Tuesday evening. She will talk on the subject "How History Is the Basis for Understanding Current Event Problems." The fifth annual banquet of the B'nai B'rith, was held at the Hotel Hanford Tuesday evening where the main address was given by Lee P, Loomis, business manager of the Globe-Gazette. Julius Wolf presided as toastmaster, while Marvin Chapman was chairman of the committee on arrangements. Literary Guidepost By John Selby "THE NEW WESTERN FRONT," by Stuart Chase; (Harcourt, Brace: $1.50.) TTNLESS the reader be an avowed and insincere *-* communist, or an avowed and sincere fascist, lie will feel better after finishing Stuart Chase's "The New Western Front." He will not even be tired by Mr. Chase's- proof that we need not go to war, for the book is short and pithy and can be goten through intelligently in a couple of hours. There are one or two moments when Mr. Chase's thesis wavers a bit--everything may not quite be so simple as it appears to him, especially in the last few pages. But on the other side it ia equally true that things are perhaps much simpler ·than our various inner groups and cankers would have us believe. We are not actually as vulnerable as the jingoists would like us to think. We arc not really so poor as the Bourbons would like to persuade us we are. Mr. Chase explains in what ways we are different from the 27 states of Europe, with their entangled and indeed inextricable mess of plots and counterplots. This explanation in itself is a fair reason why we need not go to war. Our physical situation is another. Technical advance has changed the entire face of foreign trade and the need to export goods. And the matter of defense is far from hopeless, he shows. He imagines England, France and Russia suddenly rendered impotent, and Germany and Italy combining for an attack on America. A cloud of bombing planes cannot precede the attack, for there are no available bases, nor are aircraft carriers a substitute for them. The combined ' navies will fail, because the ratio of ships is around three to one in our favor. If our navy fails, we still !inve submarines and our air fleets If these fail we must fight on land, and to sustain say 200,000 invaders, 2«, million tons o£ merchant ships arc needed--these could not be supplied, and part ot the troops (and much of their supplies) must therefore swim. Mr. Chase provides rather conclusive evidence that the invader could be blown into Boston harbor, or some other convenient depression overnight. Mr. Chase believes we could even take on Japan, and win. i*io military expert, no communist, no fascist S'u' Bu L w ! l ?* e in Connecticut just like Mr. Chase. We believe in horse sense, just like Mr. Chase. His book reads a lot like horse sense. 1 HP Dr. GOOD HEALTH By Logan Clendening, M. D. INJURIES CAUSE STIFF ELBOW AN ELBOW is stiff when there is limitation of ** motion of the joint. That seems a fairly obvious definition, but it is not quite as redundant as it sounds. The elbow joint is formed fay the articulation ot three bones, one bone of the upper arm and two bones of the lower arm. Its motion may be up and down like that of A hinge, so that the fist touches the shoulder, or it may permit motion of the forearm over and back so that the palm can be turned upward or downward. Normally, the elbow may be bent to 45 degrees and extended to 180 and the forearm may ba rotated through 180 degrees. Any limitation of these movements can be called a stiff el- jbow. The amount of stiffness will range from complete lack | of motion to slight limitation. The causes of stiff elbow are -' injuries and infections. Injuries are sprains, fractures, dislocation, separation of the small bones called epiphyses, which have not united (this, of course, occurs only in children), hemorrhage into the joint, rupture of muscles, or an injury of the bursae around the joint. Sometimes a piece of cartilage gets loose and gets inside the joint. The infections which cause stiff elbow are tuberculosis, pus infections and various forms of arthritis. Fractures of the elbow are quite serious and the outlook for restoration to full function is not good. Fractures of the elbow in children, however, offer a much better outlook than in adults. After the fracture has been united, prolonged manipulation,, massage, active and passive movements, and heat are necessary to restore the function. Sprains of the elbow are not common. Usually they occur from playing games In which a racket or bat is held in the hand. "Tennis elbow" is typical of this. This is really an inflammation of the bursa or pad around the elbow. Pain and tenderness are in the region of the tip of the elbow joint. This is where the bursa is. The pain is such that the individual cannot grasp a racket firmly, and is especially acute when he attempts to rotate the forearm. Treatment of this type of elbow is by rest, heat, baking, massage and avoidance of movements which produce pain. Sometimes it is severe enough to warrant the application of a splint or plaster cast, and even operation for the removal of the bursa. Tennis elbow was first described by an orthopedic surgeon in Boston who had one himsslf. He had it operated on under local anaesthetic and directed the operation himself. Arthritis of the elbow Is treated as all arthritis is treated--by removal of focal infection, rest, heat, massage, electrical heating by diathermy and the use of lamps and light. EDITOR'S NOTE: Seven pamphlets by Ds. Clendening can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, for each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three-cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening, in care of this paper. The pamphlets are: "Three Weeks' Reducing Diet," "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining,' "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the -Treatment of Diabetes," "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair and Skin." Watching Others Work ^·K reacl with interest about ^·^t that ant colony which has ***^ been placed on display under a glass In the public library at Kansas City. Attention is called to the exhibit through a placard which heralds the message, "Watch the Ants at Work." Over a period of several days the busy little ants carried two tablespoons full of dirt from the bottom to the top of their "hill." The librarian, fascinated by the goings-on, was led to make the remarkable observation that "if a man was as strong for his weight as an ant, he could pick up a motor car in his teeth and carry it a mile without dropping it." The observation is interesting, yea, even startling, but for all that the wisdom of such exhibits is open to doubt. There is something about watching somebody pise work which makes a person lazy. For instance, take the case of the excavations now going on at Radio City in New York. In response to pleas of "excavation- kibitzers" a marquee to provide shelter from the elements and bleachers to permit a restful posture has been erected.' If this keeps on the time may come when half the population will demand pay for sitting around and watch- Ing the other half work. And as for the other idea--the one about how wonderful it would be if a man could pick up a motor car in his teeth--it is almost too terrible to contemplate. I shudder to think, of the devastation which would inevitably follow each time- two motorists bump fenders. Death After Dark i S have heard it said that the likelihood o£ accidents on the highway are five times as great at night as during the daytime. A writer in- "Lest We Regret," 1939 safety booklet got out by the Travelers Insurance company, bears out that general story in the following: "Deaths from automobile accidents during the hours of darkness increased 54.5 per cent from 1930 through 1937. Deaths during daylight actually decreased 5.4 per cent during that period. "Most of the automobile traffic is in the daytime but most of the automobile fatalities are at night. Six out of every ten deaths occur while three out of every four cars are safely garaged for the night. 'These are astounding facts. "They challenge traffic experts to devise p h y s i c a l safeguards which will eliminate some of this night-time slaughter. "They challenge public officials to put into force whatever legal restrictions may be necessary to curb these crashes. "Most of all, however, they challenge drivers and pedestrians to Meadow Melodies By Ray Murray of Buffalo Center SAYS IOWA TO IDAHO It's hard for some folks to conceive The things that Iowa folks achieve, In fact, they scarcely can believe The things We take for granted. In fact, when some truths I relate They seem to gravely contemplate The chance that I might overstate Or if I might have fabricated. Why, only just a while ago I told a guy from Idaho About how our potatoes grow And some they thought I only blov.'cd. · I said so fertile was our ground Our 'taters grew so big and round So crowded was it underground It pushed the fences in the road. The things they said were quite uncouth Why can't they recognize the truth? OBSERVING double their caution at nightfall. "Good highway lighting is possible and it will help solve this evil, but the investment has been made thus far only in a few scattered communities. Headlights have been improved, but they can and must continue to be improved, "In the final analysis, safety at night will never be achieved through the efforts of a few engineers, public officials and lawmakers. The combined efforts of 40,000,000 drivers and 100,000,000 pedestrians will be required to ac-. complish it," Humanizing Opera .^^ guess it's all a part of tha aBjg movement to "humanize"^^ grand opera. At any rate the news columnists are centering their efforts these days on publicizing the fact that the tenors, bases, contraltos and sopranos oj the long-haired music have their human side, even as you and I. By human is meant: They squabbla with each other. One story has to do with Gigli and Elizabeth Rethberg. During a singing of a duet in Aida, he fought with Miss Rethberg for the possession of his own hand. It appears she was determined to hold it. Gigli won eventually--but not until the duet was ended. Lily Pons, according to another story, recently discovered two ballet girls sharing the spotlight with, her, and she ordered them out, they complying after a few minutes of arguing. Martinelli had a run-in with or* chestra leader Papi, the discussion centering upon the tempo. Martinelli was not using his breath for singing, he was using it to express lus opinion of the orchestra leader. Even Lawrence Tibbet had his trouoles. A member of the ballet, got in front of the hefty singer and the latter grabbed the little dancer and pushed her to one side. And this, gentle reader, is what is called putting a heart into, grand opera! TFel)ay!s~ r^ Cs " To MISS JEAN PHALEN--fot oemg chosen the winner over all in the Cerro Gordo county safety council essay contest, where she was In competition with literally hundreds of other writers. It would be extremely pleasing to all who know this young woman if in the state competition she were awarded the trip, with one companion, to the New York World's fair, and points between, including Niagara Falls and Washington, By Frederic J. Haskin For an insnrr lo any queitlon of /act tvrife 16« "Mason CilT Globc-Haim, In ^£TO£^ eply. What Is a cummerbund? T. H. A sash or band worn around the waist. Who is the youngest president of a state university? A. H. Dr. Herman B. Wells, 35, president of the U. of Indiana. In what year was the Galveston flooa? A. M. The Galveston, Tex., flood occurred on Sept. 8, 1900. What governor c o m m u t e d Thomas J. Blotmey's sentence to life imprisonment? J. F. Gov. William Stephens commut- ted the sentence of Thomas J. Mooney to life imprisonment on Nov. 28, 1918. What Is the source of the line: "Here at our sea-washefl, sunset gates shaU stand a mighty woman with a torch?" J. W. It is from the poem "The New Colossus" by Emma Lazarus which is inscribed in bronze on the Statue of Liberty. Give information about an early comedian named Henry Placide. E. J. The first American-born comedian to gain a prominent place on the theatrical roster was Henry Placide (1799-1870), who was born in Charleston, S. Car. His father was a French gymnast and ropedancer, and his mother a dancer and pantornimist. The boy early became one of the family troupe, appeared in various ballets, finally being elevated to the position of giving imitations of actqrs. His histrionic career began in 1823, when he became a member of the stock company of the Park theater, New York. Placide was for 20 years a member of this company, and after that, until his retirement in 1865, he was a popular star. Is it correct to use the expression "most unique?" R. H. Unique means the only one of its kind and cannot be qualified. What is a chnckvalla? X. H. Next to the Gila monster, the chuckwalla is the largest lizard of the desert region of the southwest It is 14 inches long with a broad body, stubby limbs, and a flattened tail. What is the significance of the three Prince of Wales feathers? B. IM. The three feathers are a symbolism of the crest of the Prince of Wales, adopted when England claimed over-lordship of France. They are still required in the headdress of debutantes presented to the king and queen of England. Who received the Southern An- Ihors award this year? J. G. Ben Lucien Burman for his novel of river life, "Blow for a Landing." Give information about the man for whom the naval destroyer Humphreys is named? I. H. The destroyer was named in memory of Naval Constructor Joshua Humphreys; bom in Haverford. Pa., June 17, 1751; died at Reading, Pa., Jan. 12, 1838. In the Revolutionary war he was commissioned by the Pennsylvania committee of safety to build a "galley," which is said to have been the first armed vessel built during that war. When the navy was reorganized by act of congress, March 27, 1784, he was appointed to prepare plans for six ships to be built for the government. He was commissioned naval constructor June 28, 1794. What queen saw three of her sons crowned king? C, M. Catherine De Medici, queen of Henry II of France, born 1519, died 1589, had four sons of whom three were crowned king of France during her lifetime. They were Francis II (1559-60), Charles IX (1560-74), Henry III (1574-89). Hon' much of the government relief money in the Jast three or four years has been used in oh- tainlnsr jobs for tbe nnemployed? K. ftt. Of nearly $10,000,000,000 that the federal government has expended for all forms of relief in the last four years, approximately $6,000,000,000 has been used by the Works Progress administration in giving Jobs to the unemployed. Did Samuel Pcpys Write his diary in shorthand? K. L. Yes. LABOR AND TIME SAVERS FOR THE HOMEMAKER "Housewives' affairs have never an end," says an old textbook, and this was certainly true a century and a half ago. However, it's a different story with the modern homemaker. She has at her disposal labor-saving devices, short cuts and simpler methods which do away with much of the drudgery of housework. A handy reference book of these time and labor-saving hints is Household Helps a 32 page publication available through this bureau. It is a distinct contribution to modern living. Send for your copy today. Only 10 cents postpaid. --USE THIS COUPON-The Globe-Gazette Information Bureau Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I inclose herewith 10 cents in com {carefully wrapped in pau f u r ,f C0py of the Booklet, Household helps. Name ANSWERS to QUESTIONS I Street or Rural Route City State * * * · « · · « · * · » « (Mail to Washington, D. C.) :

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