The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 21, 1936 · Page 4
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March 21, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Saturday, March 21, 1936
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II MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 21 · 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. IKE NEWSPAPER limed Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 E«t State Street Telephone t*o. 3-0° LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A, NOREM LLOxD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PHESS which l! «»""'«"1' ,TM" U ?{ to Uw nsc for puWKatlon «1 all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited to tin paper, and all local now.. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Do HoiTM**w Md bustoCM oHIco at 405 Stops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason Cliy and Clear Lake, by Uw year ST.OU by OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CtEAB 1-.AKB ES*3-i=S ISSS-i OUTSIDE 100 BIltE ZONE Per year...-56.00 si* months... .$3.25 Three monl)is...».75 Kason City _and Clear Lake. . K.25 . SI 25 . i .50 THE RED CROSS IS THERE! ·n/ITH Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia and all ** New England being ravaged by the worst floods in a life time, it is comforting to know that rescue and relief has been promptly dispatched to the spot. The Red Cross, as always, is on the job. Thus'is vindicated the 'dollars which Mason City last fall collected for Red Cross membership. Half of every membership dollar was turned over to the national Red Cross fund--and Mason City half dollars are saving life and property in the flood areas. It has been discovered, - however, that this flood catastrophe is too great to Tie handled with the funds regularly at hand. The emergency call has gone out. Cerro Gordo county's Red Cross'organization has been asked to forward at the earliest possible moment the sum of $310, which is probably typical of the askings throughout the country. One need not be a prophet to predict that the requested amount will be forthcoming, as it was -last year when the rivers of southern Nebraska' and Kansas went on the loose. This locality not only responded with about $500 in cash but released its council executive, a trained relief worker, for duty in the stricken territory. The newa dispatches and the pictures brought from the Pittsburgh country make it easy for North lowans to place themselves in the plight of the thousands of flood victims. It's certainly within the possibilities that some day we shall have tornado or flood disaster in our own backyard. Or maybe it will be a destructive fire. And when it happens, be assured, the Red Cross America's "greatest mother"--will be on hand to help. Money from thousands of other communities will be poured in to meet our needs, just as our money at this time contributes to the healing flow which is already at work at Johnstown and other points in the east. "All for one and one for all" might well be the motto of the American Red Cross. Aren't you proud of your membership? And, by the way, have you dispatched YOUR contribution to the Red Cross office, 200 North Federal avenue? Or dropped your coin or currency in one of the ^depositories about the city, in banks, theaters, · hotels or other public place? · THE PRESIDENT REPLIES rrvHERE is a gratifying assurance contained in the ·L recent letter written by President Roosevelt to Iowa's Agnes Samuelson, in her capacity of National Education association president. In a duly .respectful way Miss Samuelson expressed to the president a view rather commonly held among educators, namely, that the federal government in its spending program has been a bit neglectful of the existent educational facilities of the land. She raised the question whether -Washington was not setting up conflicting or dupli eating agencies instead of making use of the educa tional system already established. Frankly but in a kindly way, the chief executive in \ his reply explained that in the federal expenditure i thus far made which contained an educational aspect · the relief element has been transcendent i "In fact," to draw on the president's letter, "i has been tie relief feature which has justified th federal government's supplying funds for program so largely educational as have been the emergency edu cation program, the emergency aid to rural schools the program of college student aid, and, in fact, th whole national youth administration. "Had these programs been wholly educational, an had they represented essentially a federal plan to aic in the support of education, it would have been mj policy to use the regularly constituted agencies to ad minister them." Then we come to this pledge: "Will you not accept my assurance that if and when' the federal government enters into any program of federal participation«in education where the sole, or even the primary, consideration is the advancement of the nation's educational system, it shall be my purpose to avoid all division of responsibility and to expect the educational agencies, federal, state and local, to have charge of such a program?" . .,,,, This is a fortright meeting of the criticism whic v^i, has been directed at the administration from the na . n K , tion's educators. We are not barred from believin, :' T v that the problem could have been best handled throug ; .existent channels but we at least know what was i '-] si the mind of those who dictated the policy. B UNCLE SAM AS BANKER ; ear' rpHERE was a story with a grimly humorous angl · uttl g om E the rounds a year or two ago. It -wss abou TBC* the householder who walked out of the HOLC offic ."": having arranged to transfer his mortgage to the gov : . m eminent, and said beamingly to his waiting wife: so" "We're out of debt for the first time in 20 years! J :E -' That the story was not just a nasty crack is sug : "--i- gested by a statement from J. R. McQuillan, stat ? ., r [ manager of HOLC, that the government "expects it : .borrowers to repay their obligations." He added: . ' "If the borrower assumes a do-nothing attitude ii ._°£ the sense that the government owes him a home, w '«( shall be forced to take the necessary steps to protec ·a our interests." And it is perhaps Illuminating that much of th : Statement was' devoted to explaining that foreclose properties would not be rushed to sale, thus depres sing the real estate market. ; It would appear that the gentleman who figure _ : ;himself out of debt, since his creditor had become th MH jovernment, was not'unique. · Probably the next step will be that debtors threa ened with foreclosure by the HOLC will form a leagu : jr association to put pressure on congress to cance r, "their loans. I I ' l l . "iiti v :rdi 'iost' ·! SI ' FOREIGN AFFAIRS ------~~~~ Bj MARK R. BYERS ^~"^~~~~~~" -REAT BRITAIN has smoothed over the Rhineland J crisis for the present by accepting something that o British government has ever heretofore been will~ to consider--a straight-out promise to defend the. rench frontier. On the strength of this pledge the rench have agreed to waive the imposition of sanc- ons against Germany and to consider the German roposals among other suggestions for the replacement the foundations of European peace. This is a rough summary of the new four-power act which has emerged from the London meeting f the league of nations council to consider Germany's olation of the Versailles treaty and her repudiation : the Locarno treaties. It was preceded by a formal ote of the council declaring Germany guilty of treaty iolation after a dramatic defense of Hitler's action y Joachim von Rippentrop, the German delegate, md an even more dramatic attack upon nazi Germany y Maxim Litvinov, the Russian representative. The whole business is a matter of face-saving all ound. Neither France nor Germany was forced into corner and made to back down. The first French emand, that Germany remove her troops from the Ihineland, was not driven home, and Germany's de- ·nand that her action be accepted without protest and the allies accept German ideas for 25 year peace acts, was also denied. France was given the official ondemnation of Germany and a re-statement of the anctity of treaties, a3 well as the pledge of British nd Italian protection; Germany gets to keep her troops in the Rhineland and a seat at a general econ- mic and political conference to be held in May for a eneral re-organization of Europe. Perhaps the most startling feature of the compli- ated solution worked out is that Italian and British roops are to be' posted on the French frontier pend- ng the general conference. This is a move to insure hat if Germany moves against France, she will in- tantly be embroiled with Italy and Britain. It is a measure of the desperate nature of the crisis, for vhile both Italy and" Britain were pledged to defend "'ranee against aggression by the Locarno pacts, they vere still in a position to make their own definition aggression. Until now both had loopholes to with- .raw from the support of France, but if the reported new arrangement is carried out the Italian and British lags would be fired upon at the same time as the Trench if Germany should move. It is reported also that the Germans have agreec :o station no troops with twelve miles of the French border, and that she has undertaken not to erect for- ifications. France has agreed to submit her treaty with Russia to the world court for a judgment as to vhether or not it breaks the Locarno pacts, as chargec y Germany. BUT IT DOESN'T FOLLOW THAT CRISIS IS ENDED T HUS has the apparently insurmountable difficulty created by the German occupation of the Rhine- and been for the present ironed out. It does not fcl- ow, however, that the crisis is over. Of course it is .11 to the good that time has been gained for diplo matic discussion. Already the first passion of fear and hatred is cooling, and by the time the conference meets Europe will be breathing more freely and there s a change for reason to prevail. But diplomacy is walking a narrow ledge above the abyss of war. Only n Britain does there seem to be a real determination o find a balanced adjustment which will be fair to ill. The other powers give the impression of clinging more determinedly to their own interests than to the iope of future peace. The economic and political conference will be one f the most important meetings in Europe since the «ace conference at Versailles. Its apparent purpose ndeed, is to re-write the Versailles treaty and to up a new system of peace and international relations or the continent. The inclusion of economic as well as political matters in the program is significant, for t appears to open the door to Hitler's demand for eturn of- a colonial empire to Germany. In a sense t is a Hitler victory, for his general peace pact proposal will be on the agenda, as well as the ideas of Sritain, France and Italy. From another aspect the decision to hold the new conference may be seen as acknowledgement' of ,th collapse of the league of nations. For reasons o, irestige and face-saving, the formula worked ou will probably be "within the framework of the league,' as the vague phrase goes. But that may mean any thing or nothing. What is apparently the essential truth is that the league system for enforcing peac iy "sanctions," economic and military, is to be re placed by something- else not now disclosed, probably lot yet discovered. But the plain fact has been recog nized that the league machinery, sanctions and a! .s completely ineffective when applied against a ma jor power determined to break the peace. Japan, Ital and Germany have all flouted the league with rela live impunity, and to go on with the farce as if th scheme had worked would now be ridiculous. · * · VICTORY FOE HITLER; KETEBAT FOK FRENCH S UMMING it all up, Hitler has won a smashing vie tory. The French have fought a rear-guard actio tenaciously to defend the position in Europe whic they held when the war ended. But these last crucia days have broken down that position. They have wo security for France by the Anglo-Italian pledge t help guard their frontiers. But in the last analysi Germany has crumpled the treaty of Versailles wit all the shackles it placed on the reich. Reparations the military clauses, the Rhineland prohibition--a have gone by the board. And apparently the last shre of the treaty--the new boundaries enforced at Pari --is to disappear when the general conference meets That a new map of Europe is to be made is improb able--impossible without a war. But Germany will b more than victorious if her colonies are restored o replacsd. All is not yet over. The discussions of the confer ence may engender a new clash; the warring aims o the participants may prove irreconcilable. But it at least hopeful that the rotting carcass of the Ver sailles treaty is at last to be interred, after poisonin the atmosphere of Europe for sixteen years. Let u hope that the diplomats, saddened by experience, «i listen to reason and seek for justice more earnest! than did the victory-flushed delegates at Versatile: Th work of Clemenceau, Lloyd George and Wilson ha been weighed in the balance and found wanting. * f " ARMY FACTION IN JAPAN HAS COME INTO NEW POWEKS rpHE forebodings that the Japanese coup in which J- four leading moderate statesmen were murdered would result in giving the militarists a new purchase on Japanese policy seem to have been justified. Apparently the new cabinet was dictated or at least approved by the army junta. A ministry of propaganda has been added to interpret the army point of view to the nation, and apparently the lid is off as far as military appropriations go. Whatever hope there was that the civil power could control the army has been dissipated, and the world may expect added pressure on China and perhaps a forward movement into Mongolia, with consequent clash with Russia. WILL LENIN PREDICTION AS TO SPAIN COME TRUE? W HETHER Spain is to be, as Lenin once predicted, the first nation in western Europe to turn communist, may be decided in the next few weeks. The new government won its election by striking hands with the left, and since it came to office: there has been incessant rioting--strikes, church and convent burnings, lynchings, etc. Conservatives are fleeing from Spain by every possible exit. On the other hand the army has served notice on the government that order must be restored or it will take matters into its own hands. At the moment a "slate of alarm"-partial martial law--has been proclaimed. Spain seems to be dangling between communism and fascism- revolution of some sort lust around the corner. by Scott DAILY SCRAP BOOK GET? IT IN -THE NECK ALL SHOULD JOIN IN GOLF COURSE DRIVE MASAI WOMEN (KENYA) WEAR WEDDING RINGS AROUND OBSERVING ^ 1,000,000 V/OMEN BOWL - , MRFLORETTA McCUfCHEON; WORLD'S GREATEST W/OMAN BOWLER, TEACHES -THE(SAME TO 4O.OOO ~Tb 50,000 WOMEN ANNUALLY^ SHE SAlSlWE ARE 1.0OO.OOO OF HE SEX WHO eowu. JOMN WbfcLAND VX/AS-faE ONL.V CIRCUS PERFORMER it? MASTER, ·THElfelPLESOMEf?SAUi.T'F!?OM A SPRINGBOARD, A FEA-fV/^ICK MAS- CLAIMED -THE LIVES OF MAN/ACROBA-TS. SUCCEEDING IN 18/4, HE CONTlNUED-Tb LEAP FOR SEVERAL YEAR?. UPON RETii?- .INS HE BECAME A COAL DEALER IN ^CORN1NQ,N.Y. DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDEU1NG, M. D. BEST TIME TO TAKE MEDICINES? «I7HAT TIME of day is the best for taking this or W that kind of medicine?" The physician writes on his prescription, A. C. ul "P C" or "T. I. D."--"A. C." meaning before meals; "P. C." meaning after meals, and "T. I. D." meaning three times a day. There are good reasons : or timin* matters in this way. For instance, a tonic that is supposed to increase appetite is naturally not going to be of any value after meals. A recent article in a French journal lists the proper time for taking different medicines, as follows:. - . ' . - · · . "Before breakfast: Saline cathartics, anthelmintics, alkalies given against hyperacidity. "Between breakfast and lunch: Cardiants, sedatives, intestinal antiseptics. "At supper: Purgatives. "At bedtime: Night sedatives, circulatory cathartics. system drugs, mild Dr. Cltndenini "Before any meal: Purgatives, bitters, quinine, cod liver oil, tannin and iodine preparations. , "During any meal: Atropin. "Between any meals: Cough mixtures, salicyl preparations." NOTES "Statisticians of Metropolitan Life Insurance corn- EARLIER DAYS FROM OtOBE-GAZETTE FILES Minn. Thirty Years Ago-M. M, Mansen left yesterday for a visit at Duluth, inn. Dr. and Mrs. D. H. Angel of Cartersvllle were in the city yesterday visiting with friends. Harry H. Harbaugh returned last night to his home in DeKalb, 111., after a brief visit with relatives in the city. pany recently assembled and published the following fact's concerning the viability of twins: "About one birth in every hundred produces twins, The U. S. currently contains almost 4,000,000 twins-600,000 male pairs, 625,000 female pairs, 625.000 mixed pairs. For some reason which biologists are trying to fathom, mixed twins predominate at birth. "A pair of male twins may expect to live jointly until the age of 46, mixed twins until the age of 48, female twins until the age of 50. Average duration of life for singly born men is 59 years, for singly born women, 63 years. "Chances of surviving together until the age of 50: Male twins, 55 out of 100 born; mixed, 59 out of 100; females, 62 out of 100." QUESTIONS PROM READERS M. L. L.: "What causes head noises? Could tMs be caused from dried wax that has formed in the ear? Is this considered serious? How may dried wax best be removed?" Answer: Head noises are caused from various things. They may be due to dried wax. In that case, it is not serious. "The best way to remove it is to irrigate the ear with warm water or warm oil for a while and gently detach the wax with some cotton on the end of an applicator. B. R. E.: "Is beer allowed in a diet of a diabetic patient?" Answer: Recent studies by Chicago physicians indicate that there are about 18 grams of carbohydrate in a 12 ounze bottle of beer. Alcohol has been shown by many workers to be well tolerated by the diabetic and does not form sugar. Beer, therefore, when its carbohydrate content is substituted for other carbohydrate foods, shows no effect, either harmful -or beneficial, in a diabetic diet. To the extent that the alcohol contained in the beer may be utilized without forming sugar and without requiring additional insulin, beer may offer an advantageous source of extra calories in some cases. A broken engine at the electric plant caused the city to be in darkness for two or three hours last night. Old lamps and lanterns were brought into use in the emergency. Mr. and Mrs. E. R. Dowdell and daughter of Artesian, S. Dak., are visiting in the city. Twenty Years Ago-- . W. V. Shipley has returned from a business trip to Chariton- and Webster City. , C. G. Heart of Chicago is visiting in the city today. Mrs. Frank Brose returned yesterday from Madison, Wis., where she has been visiting relatives. Two high school seniors, "Zip" McAuley and Carus Blaise, took the government examination for appointments to the Annapolis naval academy at the post- office yesterday. Max Gorman, police chief, and Sheriff Fred E. Marsh have announced they will be candidates for the sheriff's office at the coming elections. AUGUSTA, Ga.--A fire which swept the business district and 20 blocks of adjoining residential districts caused $5,000,000 damage here last night. Ten Years Ago--· IOWA CITY--Iowa today won the Big Ten rifle championship as the rifle team beat Ohio State 3790 to 3733 in its final conference match. PLYMOUTH, Vt.--Col. John Calvin Coolidge, father of the president, died last night as his son was speeding to his bedside. DES MOHSTES--Mrs. N. E. Kendall, wife of the former Iowa governor, died at Naples, Italy, today where the Kendalls were spending the winter. The hunt for the Van Note killers continues. Six hundred circulars have been sent out to police departments and sheriffs in middle western states, showing pictures of the Burzettes and giving their descriptions. Mr. and Mrs. H. Gmelin, 228 Twelfth street northwest, left today for Buffalo, N. Y., for a visit. OTTUMWA--Washington high of Cedar Rapids defeated Boone 16 to 12 in the Class A state championship cage tournament which opened here last night. Newton won from Webster City 29 to 15 in the other game played in the evening session. can think of few projects more deserving of support than the membership drive to be launched next week by officials of the Amencan Legion community golf course. I don't play golf myself--but I'm glacl that a place is available for all who do. Golf is one of the few sports which can be enjoyed by men and boys ranging in age from 10 to 100. It is a healthy wholesome outdoor recreation and rich man and poor man can play the game--if a low cost course is provided as it has been in Mason City for the past 11 number of courses in the United States in the past few years has multiplied many times. Gene Sarazen, ranking professional, says the sport is only now beginning to gain the popularity it deserved. And whether the Legion community links shall be available for golfers this year will be determined by the golfers themselves during the membership drive. Save me a membership, please! --o-SOME DAY YOU MAY MEET THIS YOUNG MAN ·MK have long contended, along 5iSsiswith many others, that nobody should be permitted to take to the road unless able to show a definite ability--through bond or insurance--that he or she is able to assume the financial liability which attaches to motoring. One day this week I came across a beautiful Exhibit A in support of this viewpoint. Here's the story: A few days ago the youthful driver of a dilapidated old car backed out of an angular parking stall on Delaware avenue, west of Central schoolgrounds, and crashed into the automobile of a Mason City professional man. Damage to the extent of about $35 was done to the local car but the offending car was able to wheeze away. Somebody, however, got his number, which made identification easy. Chapter two of the story is contained in the reply received Tuesday morning in response to the professional man's notice to the youth of the property damage for which he was clearly and .solely responsible. I quote from it: "I had a job at Rockford during corn-picking and have been working there for my board during the winter. When I do have a job I help support my mother and seven brothers and sisters. "At the time of the mishap caused bv me backing into the traffic lane," which looked clear, neither j nor my" frie'nd who was with me noted any damage to the car we hit "I tried to borrow money to ge! some gas and failed. I tried to get a ·icle with some friends, but couldn't; ' haven't any job, any money or any fas and no hopes of getting any so don't see how I can get to see you. My car isn't even paid for and am about to lose it. "I would be glad to have you investigate me and conditions as here- n stated." While one may feel ever so sorry 'or the circumstances which have eft this young man without gasoline money, the fact remains that under the Iowa law he will be back on the road some of these days with lis ancient model, ready to crash into some cither innocent victim. And the story here tcld will be repeated. Nobody can put up a single good argument for a continuance of the present system. And yet there is no mmediate prospect of changing it. --o-IOWA CODE WRAPPED IN PAPEK WON CASE Hh. have Charles H. Gelo to gig thank for an interesting lit*^tie story from Herbert Quick's time in Mason City. It involved a line fence squabble in Mower county, just over the Iowa line, in which Pat Dougherty, a practicing lawyer, and Mr. Quick, then a student of law, participated as counsel for one side. "It was one of those cow and calf cases," said Mr. Gelo. On the face of it, the local barristers' client was beaten according to Minnesota law. But he had an airtight case according to Iowa law. The problem then was to have the Iowa code used in the justice court. This was accomplished in an ingenious way, namely, by wrapping the Iowa code in brown paper so that the Iowa identification on it would never be spotted by the '·court." And it worked, according to Mr. Gelo. SAFETY PRAYER OF A MODERN MOTHER __^ predict that this "Prayer of JBS^tne Modern Mother," of '$§*' anonymous authorship in 'The Earth Mover" magazine, will grip all hearts as it did that of B. Z., who passed it along to this department: "They are so small, dear God! The school is blocks away-Their steps so prone to lag At bits of color in the street-Make keen the eyes of drivers, Stay The grinding wheels of trucks-Spare us from tiny Splintered bones, From flesh, like blossoms, Crushed upon the stones." Answers to Questions By FREDERIC ,T. HASKLN TOMORROW MARCH 21 ' By CLABK KUWAIRD Notable Births--Arthur H. Vandenburg, b. 1884, senator from Michigan Isabella Greenway, b. 1886, Arizona's only member of house of representatives Robert Andrews Millikan, b. 1868, Congregational minister's son who grew up to be one of the world's greatest scientists Kent Cooper, b. 1870, general manager of The Associated Press. March 22, 1622--An Amerindian convert to Christianity, saved Jamestown, first permanent English settlement in America, from being wiped out. He gave residents their warning as tribesmen attacked every settlement in Virginia, and killed 347 of the total white population of 1,240. March 22, 1836--The first coins were minted by machine in France. The steam driven device invented by M. Thonnelier made it possible to end hand stamping of pieces by a method virtually unchanged for thousands of years. March 22, 1865^Gabriel de la Landelle, who originated the word "aviation," startled the world with announcement to the Royal Institution, London, of plans tor an aerial liner, propelled by steam on the screw principle, which could be used to cross oceans. Vagrant Thoughts By LOU MALLORY LUKE An Admixture of Recollection and Reverie by s Hampton Housewife \Vashlnc Dishes and at Her Other Duties. M ARCH, YOU OLD BLATHERSKITE, don't believe one word you say . . . 0, yes, I agree with the papers that Walter Johnson, the "Big Train" of baseball and hero of many American boys, performed a great feat when he threw a silver dollar across the Rappahannock river for a distance of 272 feet. When Washington threw the dollar across the river it was 1,300 feet from bank to bank. Much fuss was made. Johnson was surrounded by spectators, newspaper writers and photographers, and the event was given much publicity. I know many women who can make a dollar go a "lot farther than that and nobody takes their pictures or writes yarns about 'em either. But you know the old story about the rose that bloomed to blush unseen . . . We sure put on the dog when the commission men used to have supper with us ... Countess Hoggleschnitz, Barbara Hutton before she went royal, found out that "the edges of the stone are sharp." Wonder why 43,000,000 bushels of Argentine corn were shipped into this country in 1935 and our good Iowa corn land was put away in the closet . . . Taxpayers are as mute as a giraffe on the African veldt and a pack of lions chasing it thrown in ... Well, Doug Fairbanks and Lady Ashley are on a Chinese honeymoon, John Barryrnore, the old simpleton, and Elaine Barry are sweet on each other again and talking marriage, and Clark Gable has a new love (so it is rumored), ?o if you'll excuse me I am going out behind Banker's barn "(across the alley from me) and GAG. . . . See by the paper that Premier Mussolini has seized the savings deposits of bis subjects. Mymymy, dictators have the mostest fun and the bestest time. DON'T THEY? We are all glad the Atlantic ocean separates us from the European insane asylum. . . . "The trees began to whisper and the winds began to roll, And on that wild March morning, I heard them call rny soul." ONE MINUTE PULPIT--Then I saw that wisdom excelleth folly, as far as light excclleth dark- ness.--Ecclcsiastes 2:13. PLEASE NOTE--A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by w r i l - tor, Washington, n. C. Flcasc inclouc ln B Mason City GIoue-Gaiette Information Bureau, Frederic 1. Haskin, Direc- three 13) cents lor reply. What does a corporation as a war baby mean? M. it. A corporation engaged in the sale of war materials, which sprang into existence, or came out of obscurity, and made large profits as a result of the war, is sometimes referred to as a war baby. The stock of such a corporation is also so called. How many employed in keeping streets of New York City clean? R. W. New York City has a sanitation force of 14,000 men for its 5,300 miles of streets. In 1935 they removed 18,036,900 cubic yards of waste from the streets. When did President Roosevelt abolish the United States Geographic board? R. C. April 17, 1934. Its functions have been transferred to the department of the interior which now has an advisory committee on Geographical names. Tell of Martha Graham, dancer. D. L. Daughter of a nerve specialist in Pittsburgh. She lived there until she was 10, when the family moved to California. There she. became a Denishawn dancer and later was on the faculty of the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N. Y. In 1926 she gave a dance recital in New York City and in 1928 danced with the Cleveland orchestra. All of her music is composed to fit her dances. When did Webster Edgerly take the pen name, Edmund Shaftesbury? G. R. When 15 and in high school, he p u b l i s h e d some uncopyrighted books, of the success of which he was uncertain, and he felt sensitive about being known in case of failure; hence he took two of his English ancestral names, making the pseudonym. Having a passion for writing and meeting some patronage, he continued use of the name. He wrots and edited 52 books. Webster Edgerly was born Dec. 20, 1852, and died Nov. 6, 1926. When is the Kentucky Derby? J. B. - At Churchill Downs, Louisville, on Saturday, May 2, 1935. What is a murmur ui a heart condition? H. C. A medical term referring to a soft sound like that made by a somewhat forcible expiration with the mouth open, heard on auscultation of or diagnostic listening to the heart. There are more than 30 different types of heart murmurs recognized having different causes, symptoms and remedies. How many provinces in the Dominion of Canada? N. M. Nine, namely Nova Scotia. New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, C.mebec. Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan. Alberta and British Col- lunbia. The Dominion of Canada consists of these nine provinces in addition to the Yukon territory and :he northwest Territories, Franklin, Mackenzie' and Keewatin. How was the honey and onion mixture prepared which old foldks took In by-gone days for cough" E. P. A fair sized strong onion was simmered in a quart of honey several hours. The mixture was strained. A teaspoonful taken frequently soothes a cough. How many passengers carried on elevators in New York City compared with those on buses, L lines and streetcars? H. M. Approximately 15,000,000 passengers are carried daily on elevators, 5,200,000 on L lines, 1,000,000 on buses and 1,800,000 on surface cars. How many now on relief? H. H. U. S. figures show about 24,000,000. Which presidents are to be commemorated by the Mt. Rushraore, Memorial? K. H. S- Heads of Jefferson, Washington, Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt are to be carved. Was Mrs. Lincoln at the side of the president when he died? M. B. A Washington newspaper published April 18, 1865, says Mrs. Lincoln was sitting in an adjoining room when her husband died. Within Your Income Some people cannot tell about this until they start paying their bills, and then it is most embarrassing if there is not enough money to go around. One sure way to avoid this trouble is to use a budget book where the record of income and outgo can be constantly studied. The Globe-Gazette offers a new booklet on this subject. It contains 20 pages of text and 12 ruled accounting pages. The text indicates how the family income should be apportioned, how savings accumulate, and presents rules for prudent buying of supplies, furnishings and equipment. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost and postage. Use coupon. Mason City Clobe-Gazctte Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the new Household Budget Booklet. Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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