The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 16, 1937 · Page 1
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February 16, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, February 16, 1937
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M E M f l T OF I · i*r f n r · NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "TH£ KEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED \Y1RES MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBKUAKY 16, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 114 Gov. Murphy , in Limelight Michigan Man Lauded for Handling of Strike By JACK VINCENT DETROIT, (CPA)--Governor Frank Murphy oC Michigan emerges from the auto strike settlement as a national figure and political commentators already are discus* sing his possibilities as a presidential candidate in 1940. Blazoning of his name in headlines--favorably--throughout the nation has, of course, helped the Murphy cause. True, also mentioned for 1940 is Pennsylvania's governor, George H. Earle. Uniquely, Eavle also may be,put to a "strike test" similar to the one Murphy had to undergo during the first six weeks of his term. John ·!/. Lewis' CIO, which directed the auto strikes, also is planning a drive against steel mills this spring and if it reaches the strike stage it is expected to be as momentous as the auto dispute. Governor Earle then will have a knotty problem. Governor Murphy came through his "strike test" with flying colors. He was. praised by the president, by General Motors officials, by Secretary oE Labor Frances Perkins and by labor leaders. Typical of the comment is the statement of William S. Knudsen, GM executive vice president, who said as F. D. R. URGES AID FOR TENANTS 26 Powers Pledged to Shun Spain's Civil War the strike settlement was signed: agreement "A great job by a great governor." In Murphy's Lap. The General Motors strike assumed serious proportions just two days before Governor Murphy was inaugurated- as governor Jan. 1. For six weeks he struggled day arid night to bring General Motors officials and -the CIO's United Automobile \Vorkcrs together for a settlement. "Both sides said they wouldn't come together -- but they did," Murphy recalls. That is Ihc story in a nutshell. It is a story of success in face of skepticism that "it couldn't be done." But while Murphy was bringing the embattled factions together, J he had an even more deli- The governor had to move 4,000 National Guardsmen to Flint as a precautionary measure. Yet the troops were handled in such a fashion under the direction of Murphy lhat not a single life was lost nor did the soldiers figure in any serious engagement. Under the governor's orders the guardsmen held aloof, and were nol used in any efforts that might be construed as harming civil liberties. At one time, Murphy was . asked to use the soldiers lo evict sit- down strikers who had defied a court order to evacuate, declaring they would ralhcr die and "be bathed in blood." But Murphy held off serving of the eviction writ until the strike was settled. In Tireless Energy, the background of the drawn-out peace negotiations was the picture of a man of tireless energy, who worked day and night to bring about industrial peace. Sometimes, his friends say, he was so exhausted that he had to dig his knuckles Into his eyes to keep awake but he stayed on his feet. Freckled-faced kid, lawyer, soldier, prosecutor, judge, . mayor, governor general and high commissioner o£ the Philippines, and now governor of Michigan . . . that is Murphy's life story in brief. If ho is re-elected in 1338 for an- nthcr two years in the state capital at. Lansing -- and p o l i t i c a l observers ir. this state now believe he can win hands down-- his friends assert he will be ripe for the presidency. · Governor Murphy was born April 13, 1893, in the small town nE Harbor Beach, Mich., on Lake Huron, a town founded by a hardy race of lumberjacks and lake sailors.- His father was a leading figure in the town as an attorney. His mother was the daughter of a small-town banker. Returns to Political Wars. In 1936, on the eve of the presidential program, fears were expressed that Roosevelt might not be able to carry Michigan. Murphy, whether called back by friendship or command, returned to run for governor. And in so doing, 1st- gave up an ?18,00()-a-year post as high commissioner for a Sn.OOO-a-year job as governor. The Philippines also furnished him will) tivo mansions and a yacht, and Michigan has no executive mansion for its governors. As it turned out no^ only Murphy, but Roosevelt carried the slate overwhelmingly. Murphy keeps most of his views on social legislation to himself. His record, however, on civil service, government economy and other measures speak for him. His VOLUNTEERS OF ITALY.FRANCE HASTEN ACTION Outsiders Seek to Get Under Wire Before Pact Becomes Operative Feb. 20. LONDON, (A 1 )--Twenty-sis nations approved a neutrality committee proposal Tuesday to halt the flow of volunteers and munitions into warring Spain by Saturday midnight as a rush of military recruits over the Spanish border apparently developed in France and Italy. "With the exception of Portugal, every nation on the international "hands off Spain" committee ratified the deadline set for midnight Feb. 20. They also accepted a supervisory enforcement plan to become effective March 6. Frcncli in Spain. The committee delegated the Portuguese question to its subcommittee' which Monday night handed down the recommendations. French sympathizers ot the Spanish government, meanwhile, were pouring across the frontier to fight in defense of Madrid. An estimated 1,000 Frenchmen were said to have gone to Spain since the first of the month. In Rome, well informed persons interpreted the fact that Italians have indirectly admitted theii own "volunteers" ' were largely responsible for insurgent capture of Malaga as evidence there would' be no 1 letup in the aid; oJ General Francisco Franco unti midnight Saturday. No Additional Germans. Germany,'whose volunteers also have fought for Franco's insurgents, apparently Was convinced Franco could win without additional help. There was no indication large numbers of Germans were joining the last hour dasl to the war /.one. The naval patrol program resulted from refusal by both the Valencia government and the insurgent administration to peimi stationing of neutral observers in their territory. . Has Two Chief Points. As now worked out, in the faci of Portuguese refusal to partici pate, the plan embodies two main points: 1. Establishment of more than 1,000 observers along the Franco Spanish and Gibraltar-Spauisl frontiers to report to the commit tee violations which then wouli be made the subject of strong rep resentations to the offending gov ernments. The a p p r o x i m a t $2,000,000'cost would be appor turned among the committee mem bers. 2. A tight naval blockade of th entire peninsula, Portuguese and including bol! Spanish ports Negotiations Are Continued in Conference DETROIT, (.IV-Six points omit- ed in the settlement ot the Gen-al Motors strike provided the asis for negotiations Tuesday be- ween representatives of the cor- oration and the United Automo- ile Workers of America. In marked contrast with the six veeks' labor dispute and at- endant disorders, peace prevailed hroughout the strike centers, additional employes were returning o work, national guardsmen were eaving Flint, Mich., and that city's commission declared erided lie "slate of emergency." The agreement last Thursday hat terminated the prolonged strike disposed of two of the eight lemands the union submitted to Jeneral Motors--a collective bargaining conference and recognition of the union for collective bargaining purposes. New Conference Opens. The terms provided that the remaining six points be negotiated in conference opening Tuesday be- .ween delegations representh each side. The meeting will nol be attended by either ot the conciliators who effected the strike settlement--Gov. Frank Murphy and James F. Dewey of the department ot labor. In a letter to corporation executives Jan. 4, asking for a conference. Homer Martin, U. A. W. A president, listed the six issues as follows: Abolition ot all piece work systems .of pay, and the adontioi of a straight hourly rate in it place. "Thirty-hour work, week · ani siX-hour f 'Work day, arid time aiir one-half for all time worked ove the basic work day and worl week. "Establishment of a minimuir rate of pay commensurate with ai American standard of living. Asks Reinstatement. "Reinstatement of all employe who have been unjustly discharged. "Seniority, based on length o service. "Speed of production 'shall In m u t u a l l y agreed upon by tin management and the union com mittec in all General Motor plants." With nearly 80,000 of the 135. 000 workers who were idle durin, the strike already back at worl still more were to report for thei usual shifts Tuesday. By Wcdnes day 100,000 are expected to hav returned. deep interest in social dates back to his senior year in college. He never has married. maintained by the warships of th great European powers. Just as in Ihc case of the Ian observers, these naval patrols w o u l d ' n o t have a u t h o r i t y to hall and search suspected violators, but would report ship movements lo the committee for action by tht nation concerned. All ships bound for Spain would be required to put into control ports where an observer of the committee would be taken aboard to travel with the vessel to Spain, ensuring the cargo to be bare of war materials. MADRID'S DEFENDERS FIGHT OFF REBELS MADRID, W--Madrid's defenders, united under the sole command ot General Jose Miaja, fought off insurgent attacks from hyo sides Tuesday--the first birthday of their socialist-led popular front government. A year ago Tuesday the parties of the lefl popular front came into power through Spain-wide elections. Tuesday, almost Housewife Disappears. 'ELDORA, (/P)--Officers and relatives Tuesday continued to search for Mrs. Ray Buchman, 31, housewife, who disappeared Saturday after leaving her home to go shopping. Mrs. Baehman left her two children, aged 4 and fi, at home, seven months of that year having been devoted to f i g h t i n g a fascist-military rebellion, Madrid's newspapers urged her soldiers lo "fight on for the rights which the people sanctioned." Insurgents pressed Madrid Tuesday from both the southeast and the northwest, but government commanders contended the new united command had given their men fresh vigor. Dispatches from Barcelona said four trimotored insurgent planes bombed the railway station at Portbou, on the Franco-Catalan border, 'damaging four houses and wounding several persons. Sltrn Beer Petition. OTTUMWA, UP)--A petition signed by more t h a n fiOO persons asking more strict regulation ' ol beer taverns was on file with the city clerk here Tuesdav. LOOK INSIDE FOR- .fAiUES A. FARLEY Testimonial Dinner Held for Jim Farley ON PAGE 2 22 From Lake Mills Marooned in School ON PAGE 3 "Everything Set" for June Heavy Title Mix ON PAGE 9 Mason City's School Election on March 8 ON PAGE 4 300 Businessmen Hear Jimmic Ghecn Speak ON PAGE 1 Held for Slaying of Wife AVallcr ( D u s t y ) Rhotlc5 T 31 ycui* nlcl Iowa. City mini, shown above, confessed to the dynamite slaying of his wUc, Mrs. fllablc Rhodes, 31, in their· home Feb. 9, Johnson county officials have announced.. (Iowa Daily Press Photo) OtHers "Quesfiofied in Rhodes Murder Case Iowa City Man Prepares lo* Enter Plea on Charge of Slaying Wife. IOWA CITY, (/!'(--County A t - torney Harold Vestcrmark Tuesday questioned Mrs. Mabel Skrivcr, former tavern operator, and Mrs. Myrtle Myron, wife of n Sioux City police sergeant, w h i l e Walter Rhodes, 31, prepared lo enter a plea on a charge of murdering his wife with a dynamite loaded shotgun. Rhodes, chubby, round faced road house operator, conferred with Will J. Hayek, attorney appointed to defend him. He was expected Tuesday to enter a plea on the first degree murder charge when arraigned before District Judge James P. Gaffney, Monday. Questioning ot the two women, Vestermark said, clear up odds and ends oC the case today." The county attorney declared that Rhodes had already signed a written statement confessing murder. The statement, Vestermark said, disclosed that Mrs. Skriver is t h e woman for whom Rhodes killed his 31 year old w i f e and mother of two children. Vcstermark said Rhodes admitted p l a n n i n g the slaying for two months after his wife, Mabel, was reluctant to give him a divorce so lhat he could marry Mrs. Skriver. Lived at Rhodes Home. In the questioning of Mrs. Myron, Vestermark hoped to obtain additional information regarding circumstances concerning the shooting a week ago. The Sioux City woman had been living at the Rhodes home, coming here while her son was being treated at the University hospital. V e s t e r m a r k reported that Rhodes was cool d u r i n g most of the questioning, "but he f i n a l l y broke down when we showed him pictures of his wife's blasted body." "I never meant to. do damage like that," Vestermark quoted Rhodes as saying. Hcail Blrmn O f f . Mrs. Rhodes died when MAN, HIT BY AUTO, IS DEAD Emmelsburg Pedestrian I Victim; Accident Said Unavoidable. EMMETSBURG-- I n j u r i e s suf fcrcd by Sherman "Mickey" Me Allistcr, 61, Emmetsburg laborei when he was struck by an aut as he walked along highway 1 west of Emmetsburg, resulted ii his death Monday night at a hos pita!. At first believed to be onl slightly hurt, McAllister w a taken to his home but remove to the hospital Monday when a x-ray revealed a skull fractur and internal injuries. Jack Maguire of Emmetsbur was the driver of the car tha struck McAllister Saturday nigh Officers said the accident was un avoidable. H occurred during tli blizzard and lights from an p r o u c h i n g b l i n d e d Maguire turned i n l n a M a g u i r e snowriril in an e f f o r t to avoid hitting Me Allister. McAllister leaves a wife an several children. Two years ag McAllister escaped serious i n j u r in a similar accident on th same road. gun exploded in her h a n d s in a basement room of her home. Part of her head, shoulder, and one of her hands were blown away by the blast. Officers said they started an investigation when they were unable to account for the terrific force of. the explosion or to find shotgun shell pellets in the room. The county attorney said Rhodes told officers that he gave his wife the dynamite loaded gun and tricked her into pulling the trigger by telling her that the firing pin had not been working and Four Firemen Hurt in Paducah Blaz PADUCAH, Ky., (/P)--Four fire men were injured in. a wall co lapse when a spectacular fire earl Tuesday threatened the downtow district in this flood haltered cil Flames gulled a large servic station and garage and a reslam ant and damaged another garag The loss was not immediately de termincd. · Handicapped by not · havit ] water in city mains, firemen in shot-i eluding contingents from Mem asking her to try it. "We found," Vestermark said, "that Rhodes recerilly took out an insurance policy on his wife's l i f e which paid double if. she was killed accidentally." "We learned t o o , - t h a t he bor- SUB-COMMITTEE 0. K.'S BILL FOR UDGE PENSION limner Measure Part of Roosevelt's Judiciary Reorganization. WASHINGTON, /P)--A senate udiciary subcommittee approved uesday the Sumncr's bill to pcr- lit the retirement ot federal udges at full pay upon reaching 0 years of age. The retirement measure ha iccn approved by President Roose- elt as a part of his court rc-or- anization program. Some senators have regarded it s a possible means of allcviatin_ le judicial controversy which hns plit democratic ranks. They cx- ressed the belief one or two jus- ices now on the supreme court vho are over 70 might voluntarily etire. Chairman McCarran (D-Nev.) f the subcommittee said the ac- ion in approving the b i l l was un- nimous but thai one member did iot vote. This a p p a r e n t l y was Scnaloi Borah (R-ldaho) who- left ih neellng early after suggesting the igc limit be raised to 7!i. McCarran said the bill would be ·eporled to the f u l l committee lext Monday and "guessed" it vould be taken up in the senate soon afterward, probably the fol- .owing Wednesday. Would Fay 520,000. Under the Sumncr's measure-already passed by the houst-- justices would be given full pay of $20,000 annually. Borah said later it was he who did not tvoe. He added lie was "against the bill." He declined to say, however, lie would oppose it on the floor. The house judiciary committee, Tfter discussing several minor jills in executive session, ad- ioui'ned u n t i l a week from Thurs]ay, delaying at least u n t i l t h a t time a start on the president's program, including his request for authority to increase the membership of the supreme court unless members now over 70 retire. Committee members said the president's program was not mentioned Representative Cox (D.-Ga.) summoned house democrats opposed to the proposition lo confer about strategy. He was appointed chairman of the group last week. 29 For Roosevelt. In the senate, 20 members have declared publicly for Mr. Roose- EXTRA! BULLETIN NEW YORK, (AP--The i is patching b u r e a u of Western Union reported lit 2:07 p. m.. central standard time, t h a t "several lines" had been blown down along Ihc south Atlantic seaboard by a hurricane along the coasts of South Carn- liiui and Florida. veil's program, ·ith equal number opposed. The other 38 are not committed. A f t e r Senator Glass (D.-Va.) Monday called Attorney General Cummings' arguments for the program "evasive," Senator Minion (D.-Incl.) said (lie I!)3(i election gave the president and congress a "mandate to Rn ahead/' Senator Glass, an outspoken critic of Mr. Roosevelt's com", program, said the country seemed more in need of an attorney general than of more supreme court justices. His statement was In reply to an address Sunday night in which Cummings called for new blood in the tribunal. Taking issue w i t h the cabincl member's assertion that .Jefferson and others had favored somewhat similar measures, Glass said: "f do nol find t h a t Mr. Jefferson at any lime or anywhere favored a wholesale or any increase in the number of judges on the supreme court." There was no sign when actual debate would begin in congress on Mr. Roosevelt's recommendations. Hitler Backs Down in His Church War BERLIN, (/P)--Full capitulation of nazis to rebellious Protestant ministers was indicated Tuesday by Adolf Hitler's .restoration ol control to the Evangelical church electorate. It the Miller decree were carried out in accordance with an in- lerprelation attributed to the Deutchcs Nachrichtenbuero, Unofficial German news bureau, i would mean the first major defea for Miller in his determination l bring all phases of l i f e under totalitarian control of the na/.I par- ly. Hitler Admits Failure. In the fad of a reported resur gencc of opposition to diclatorshij in church affairs--which already has caused ministers to suffer per sccution--the rcichstuehrer em powered Hans Kerrl, veichsminis ter for church affairs, "to prepar for an election of a general syn od" to direct Evangelical churc affairs. H i t l e r admitted failure of reich committee to bring abou "mirly In tho German EvangeJrca church." His overture, Monda from his Herchtcsgaden retrea near Munich would make parti peace on a front tiiat has pre sentcd most, persistent threats t nazi rule. The semi-official intcrprctatio admitted no d c f c a l , however, br rather presented the decree ,ns i line with a f u n d a m e n t a l nazi prin ciple t h a t "all laws must rest o the will of the people." "The principle must n a t u r a l l y in so'modern a democracy as tli new Germany, a p p l y also to th church community," the nev\ agency commented. llcady lo Defy ICcrrl. Contrary to literal readings o the manifesto, the intcrpretatio went on to say the synod elcclio would be conducted under churc leadership rather than unde Kerrl--which church circles sal was an important point--and o church property. The flat refusal of church me lo accept n proposal by Kerrl tha church affairs be handled throug a stale commissioner precede Hitler's action, informed Proles t a u t sources s n i d . It was i n d i c a t e by reports to B e r l i n that thoi .sands of L u t h e r a n and Rcforme pastors worn ready t o d n f y Kcrr phis, Shclbyvillc, Louisville ai Mndisonville, Ky., laid hose Jo the flooded sewers and basement ol the Palmer hotel. The Weather FORECAST Lindberghs Planning Flight to Iran, India CAIRO, Egypt, f/P)--Col. and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh laid plans Tuesday for continuation of their aerial sightseeing trip into Iran and possibly India. They called at the Iran legation and obtained transit visas good only for a fortnight stop in Iran. rowed 5000 from Mrs. Skriver and dial he used part of (he money to buy her a ring." Man Charged With Killing Baby After It Had Bitten Him ONEONTA, N. Y., OT--Clyde Proctor, 27, was held on a second degree murder charge Tuesday after District Ally. Joseph Molinari quoted him as confessing he "shook to death" a 15-months-old baby "because it bit me." Molinari said Proctor made his statement concerning the death of an infant son of Mrs. Thomas Hinkley Monday night in the pros-, ence of Chief of Police Frank N. Horton. The prosecutor said Proctor had been rooming at the Hinkley house on Ihc outskirts of the city. Molinari said Proctor related t h a t t h e baby "bit" him when he picked it up to stop it from crying. , 1OVVA: Increasing' cloudiness anil rising temperatures Tuesday night; Wednesday mostly cloudy, possibly snow In extreme western portion; risinjr temperature !n extreme eastern portion. MINNESOTA: Mostly cloudy, snow probable in northwest portion Tuesday night and Wednesday and In oast and south nortinns Wednesday; risin/r temperature Tuesday night and in extreme southeast portion Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Ga/elle weather figures for 2-1 hour period ending at 8 o'clock" Tuc.sdjiy morning: [Maximum M o n d a y 25 Above M i n i m u m iti Night 12 Ahuvc AC fi A. M. Tuesday 13 Above Snowfall .SO of an Inch Precipitation .05 of an Inch Monday had all the makings ot another such blizzard as held North Iowa in its grip Saturday night. In fact, there was a bit more a m m u n i t i o n in the form of snow. But the wind out of the northwest fell just a little short of the required velocity. Tuesday morning the sun was shining brightly. By 1 o'clock in the afternoon, Ihc mercury at the GJobe-G;izeUe'.; weather shelter west ot the city (at the KCLO transmitter station) had risen to 25 degrees above zero CONGRESS TOLD ROBLEM CALLS FORACTIONNOW pecial Committee Suggests "Windfall Tax" to Halt Land Speculation. WASHINGTON, (.T)--President Roosevelt told congress Tuesday h a t ''action lo provide security" or the tuition's tnrm population imperative. Sending to the legislators a re~ ml of his special committee on iu-m tenancy, the chief executive edarcd that "we can no longer lo.stpone action." "Most Americans believe," Mr. Roosevelt said, "that our form o[ 'overnment does not prohibit nc- ion on behalf of those who need iclp." Asks Two Federal Agencies. The committee recommended :stablishmcnl oC two new federal agencies, a federal '"windfall" tax n profits from land speculation, nd broad activities by both federal and state divisions in the laid of tenancy reform. The report of the m a j o r i t y ot he large committee was accom- anicd by four dissenting views. The majority report suggested "farm security administration" be created to direct the federal program. The agency would be jnder the secretary of a g r i c u l - A "farm security corporation" also was suggested lo handle legal transactions growing out of. changes in land ownership ami ot purchases of equipment and the like. The committee proposed lhat the "windfall lax" by "a specific tax 01 capital'gains;, from, hsales- of land made wfthih triree' T years from the date of purchase." Outlines Necessities. The president said the committee emphasized these necessities: The committee, he said, emphasized these necessities: "First, action to open the doors oC ownership to tenants who nmv have the requisite ability and experience, but who can become owners only with the assistance of liberal c r e d i t , on long terms, and technical advice. The m a j o r i t y committee report said "approximately one f a r m f a m i l y out of four occupies a position in the nation's social and economic structure t h a t is precarious and should not be t o l e r - ated." "Unified Leadership." "No agency with adequate powers has been charged with correcting undesirable relationships lo the land the consequences o£ our system of land tenure," the report said. "It seems highly important that these problems be al- tacked under unified and well integrated leadership." The proposed farm security administration would "be charged with the general responsibility ot administering the federal policies proposed." The f a r m security corporation would h a n d l e "legal transactions growing out of the recommendations requiring acquisition, improvement, and disposition of land, purchase of stock and cquip- nienl, and mailing of loan. 1 ;." Asserting that speculation in farm lands has contributed to a steady increase in the number of tenants, the committee proposed the federal government use the "windfall iax" to check this. "Tax Discourages HuyinRT." "A capital gains tax, taking · large percentage o£ the unearned net increment, would materially discourage buying land merely for the purpose of early resale and would tend to keep land value! on a level where farmers could better a f f o r d ownership," the report said. The group said "special safeguards should p r e v e n t the l a x working severe h a r d s h i p s in cases of unavoidable resale," The committee suggested th? government acquire farm lam!/; for sale "under long term contracts to operating farmers." It recommended n trial lease period "not to exceed five years ' before the actual sales contract and melting heavy in downtown Mason City. At 2 Ihc temperature had dropped two degrees. was authorized. "Second, modest loans, with the necessary guidance and education to prevent small owners from slipping into tenancy, and lo help the masses of tenants, croppers and farm laborers at the very bottom of the agricultural ladder increase their standards of living, achieve greater security, and begin the upward climb toward land ownership. "Third, the retirement by public agencies of land proved to be tin- suited for farming, and assistance I n the f a m i l i e s l i v i n g thereon in f i n d i n g homes on Rood l a n d . "Fourth, co-operation with s l a l r and local agencies of government

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