The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 3, 1939 · Page 1
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March 3, 1939

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Friday, March 3, 1939
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME rlAHx.0" e H i s i M E M DEPt CF fO*A DCS U O l HiS C O M P "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N \ *-..: VOL.XLV ASSOCIATED PBES3 AND UNITED PRESS SUU, LEASEB WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, MARCH 3,1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS 'SECTION ONE NO. 125 HOUSE VOTES ARMY EXPANSION Things Happen in WPA Since Hopkins Left WASHINGTON -- Things are happening within WPA since Mr. Hopkins reformed and left. A nose counter there who should know, estimates 200 members of the Washington staff have been dropped or "not replaced" since Colonel H a r - rington t o o k hold. The changes are being made not to clean out the H o p k i n s crowd, it is said s u b -officially, but to "promote efficiency." Earnest Col- Paul Blallon one i Harrington is also elbowing out a number of state administrators, one by one. Two have been pushed out to date, and a third--a particular friend of a leading democratic senator--is 'beginning to feel a nudge. There may be trouble about all this, as Colonel Harrington's idea of efficiency seems likely to bring him down hard on the corns of many a U. S. senator. Most important WPA change, however, has been the quiet departure of David K. Niles, an old- time progressive and close friend of Hopkins. He was the Hopkins liaison with the capitol, was brought here first by Jimmy Hoosevelt, now will join the Hopkins inner family circle in the commerce department. ft . c .« Dictators Get News - The administration is becoming interested in how Hitler and Mussolini, know so much about what is going ;on here. The dictators have been shooting back at.Roosevelt and other officials through their press as fast : as -ords. can fly through a transr'oceanic telephpne-^and with - soinethSngimore than pot-shot ac~' SPENDING ISSUE IN FOREGROUND ASF.R.RETURNS Roosevelt May Reveal Views on Anniversary of U. S. Congress LOOK INSIDE FOR- WASHINGTON, demand from Senator Harrison (D.-Miss.) for drastic- government economy brought the spending issue to the foreground Friday as President Roosevelt was returning from naval maneuvers to begin the seventh year of his administration, The congressional arguments and foreign policies, the administration { ^ b ecause ' the : ;Eurppean T p ress· geh- TJ-': vOrally·/editorialized about the fi j-iiatrriited States up unti! the last few \ months sis'-if cowboys and Indians Z still were running loose in the i streets i\ . O f course, some of the German \f and Italian press comment still is ; pff the mark, but not the most important of it. German press reaction following Mr. Roosevelt's ' warning of a European crisis and his "deliberate lie" attack, obviously was based on better im{ mediate information than some j American editorial writers seemed i . to have. I Semi-official investigating has I developed this much: Hitler re- j organized his news gathering system in'the United States about the ( time he left the local embassy , . without an ambassador. Several i "key men" were sent over, one or two as newsmen. A particularly good man is supposed to be sta: tioned in New York. : The subject still is under inves- -, tigation and there may be some . \ developments, f . l * * * '· l Richberg Handles Case ( Pat Hurley, the big oil lawyer, / has been called back from the oil | seizure negotiations at Mexico i City. Donald Richberg will handle t \ the v.-hole case. He is working for [: j five demands: A long term con- I tract for Americans to operate i,' their oil properties, a fixed sched- · i v ule of taxes, a guarantee of labor t \' conditions by both parties, reim- / bursement for losses caused when I the government seized the prop' erties, all the properties to be re/ turned to the Mexican govern| ment at the end of the contract. I The Mexican government will ' probably not accept all these, and chances of an agreement are not generally regarded as bright. * Another old-timer has tip-toed out of the labor department, W. Frank Persons, director of the unemployment service, and transferred to the CCC. He will not want to talk about his resigna- l j tion, but it came in the midst of 1; 'i a dispute between Miss Perkins, ^ \ who wanted to keep the service. ^i 1 and Chairman Altmeyer of social ta j security, who wanted the Persons et| | deoartment in his. Cl| 4 Persons never got along well rp* J with Miss Perkins' female brain jH' I trust, known within the depart- SLj V ment as "the lady brain trust." p?| | It is composed of Mary La M J Dame, assistant to Persons, Clara T' M. Beyer, director division of ·££ / labor standards and Mary Dew- V't \ son, who recently resigned as a Nat v member of the social security Cg^ 5 board. ·^b/;: 7 (Copyright, Kins Featarcj. Inc.) over spendin; along with drive to improve business through co-operative efforts of industry, government and labor, will furnish the chief executive with his most pressing problems during the next few weeks, Returns Saturday He may outline his views on them when he addres_ses the 150th anniversary session 'of congress shortly after his return Saturday morning. Congressmen said the occasion, exactly six years after his first inauguration, would offer him an unprecedented forum for discussing current issues. Gathered in the house chamber will be not. only senators 'and representatives but also virtually every high government official and 100 diplomats representing 54 countries. The program, including addresses · by Speaker Bankhead, Senator Pittman (D.-Nev.) and Chief Justice Hughes will be broadcast nationally at 11 a. m., CST. · . . . To Stress Foreign Issues . While the general. expectation was.that Mr.-Booseyelt'wpuld. em- phasize'foreign^iss'uesV-he-eisq;mfiy: touch on such domestic matters* as his efforts to stimulate business and to end the AFL-CIO conflict. Senator Harrison's call Thursday night for a "radical and substantial" cut in- congressional appropriations became a factor in the business co-operation campaign, for he said a lowering of the spending level would be the best thing that could happen to improve business. May Widen Split Harrison, chairman of the senate finance committee, declared in his statement that the alternative to stringent economy was new taxes and a substantial increase in the national debt. Many congressmen viewed his declaration as serving to widen the split between economy-minded senators and the white house over the administration's announced program of continuing expenditures at the present 59,000,000,000 level for the next year. Barkiey Opposes Proposal While Harrison said there had been some talk of an attempt to cut appropriations a flat 10 per cent, except for fixed charges such as interest. Democratic Leader Barkley expressed belief that such a proposal would not- work- Told that Harrison suggested substantial reductions in the expen- MKS. ROOSEVELT First Lady Continues With Busy Schedule PAGE 2 Clear Lake to Face Mason City in Final PAGE 9 May Establish North / Iowa Wild .Liie Unit, GERMANS HAVE "WAIT-SEE" AIR FOR NEW POPE Nazi Press Makes But Little Comment on Pontiffs Election BERLIN, (I?}--The nazi press accepted mostly without commeni the election of Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli as pope and sources close to the German foreign office indicated Friday German policy for the present would be one of conciliation blended with a "wait- and-see" attitude. While in days immediately following the death of Pope Pius XI some sections of the press spoke critically of the cardinal as opposed to naziism, Friday's morning papers confined themselves largely to details of the election. The Lokal Aiizeiger came the closest to clear editorial comment when it said, "There were supposed to be many among the cardinals who were for elcc- iion of a pope who would devote himself exclusively to the saving of souls. Now the cardinal \vilh the greatest political experience has been elected," The Morgenpost noted that the man who became Pope Pius XII '-practically determined the policies of the Vatican under his predecessor." Little stress was laid upon the fact that the new pope, then Vatican secretary of state, signed the concordat whereby nazi Germany made its peace with the Vatican in 1933. Franz von Papen, then German vice chancellor, signed for the Berlin government. Didn't Disavow Mundelein (One of the most- important provisions of the concordat, was Pacelli Enters Sistine Chapel for Vote Eugenio Cardinal Facelli (right foreground) Is shown as he and other cardinals passed the rows of 'papal guards entering the Sistine chapel, in the Vatican city to begin deliberations for the election of a new.pope. This is the last picture of Pacelli as a cardinal, since he emerged as Pope Pius XII. This picture was transmitted from Koine to London by telephoto and to New York by radio. * * * * * * * ¥ * · ¥ * ' * * * *Pope Pius XII Launches Pontificate With Strong Plea for Peace in World ditures of emergency agencies, Barkley said that brought up the relief question. "I don't see how relief can be cut substantially," he said. He pointed out that a precipitous reduction in the WPA rolls must be made April 1 if congress does not vote more funds. Discoverer of King Tut's Tomb Succumbs LONDON, U.f--Howard Carter, 65, a famous Egyptologist and discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamen, died Thursday of heart disease after many months of illness* Carter had discovered and excavated -the tombs of Egyptian kings and queens and of lesser persons. BANDIT GETS S150 DES MOINES, (fP)--J. E. Brenner, proprietor of a cafe just outside the downtown loop, told police a bandit held him up and obtained 5150 after threatening him with a gun. 40 Ton Clipper Ends Trans-Pacific Trip HONG KONG, (#)--Pan American Airways' new 40 ton. 74- passenger Clipper Friday completed her maiden trans-Pacific flight. Alighting here on the final leg from Manila. She carried mail, express and 28 persons, f FOR LATE NIGHT NEWS For the latest news bulletins tonight tune in Radio Station K G L O (1210 Kilocycles) at the following times: 6 P. M. -- 7 P. M. 7:45 P. M. -- 10 P. M. F.R.toTake Part in Labor Peace Parley WASHINGTON, (UP.) -- Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins announced Friday that President Hoosevelt will participate in the opening peace conference between the Congress of Industrial Organizations and the American Federation of Labor. Miss Perkins said the first meeting between negotiating committees of tlie opposing labor organizations has been set tentatively for Tuesday morning. Miss Perkins also will participate in the initial conference, called last Saturday by President Roosevelt in an attempt to end labor's civil war with an "honorable peace." ROOSEVELT BACK FROM SEA CRUISE CHARLESTON, S. Car., (#·)-- The cruiser Houston, returning President Roosevelt from the south Atlantic war games, arrived at the navy yard here Friday at 11:50 a. m.. (CST) two hours ahead of schedule. The president planned to remain aboard until late in the day, then go to his special train and leave between 7 and 8 p. m. for!Washington. . Drilling for Oil in Missouri Near Iowa to Be Started Soon MOUND CITY, Mo., (/P)--Oi men reported Friday that bad weather and difficulties in clearing up land titles and obtaining solid blocs of leases have slowei up oil developments in the Foresl City basin which includes parts o: Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas. Leases hav-6 been recorded on more than 2,000 acres, however and first drilling operations are scheduled to get under way hen within the next few days. A derrick was erected this wee] on the site of the W. E. Mills No. : spring well a short distance north east of here. Snow and ice ham pered operations but W. E. Mills drilling contractor and geologis' said his crew was doing all possi ble to make this the first test in the basin. . "sociations,; whether' clerical- or .lay/ might continue, provided they were confined to religious activities.). One of the things which rankles most in Wilhelmstrasse is the fact that Cardinai Pacelli in 1937 chose not to disavow the utterances of George Cardinal Mundelein of Chicago which nazis termed insults to Rcichsfuehrer Hitler. Awaiting Pope's Actions (On May 18, 1937, Cardinal lujidelein, addressing a diocesan onferer-.ce in Chicago, accused azi officials of fostering "mali- ious propaganda" against the burch. He added, in part: "Per- aps you will ask, how it is. that nation of 60,000,000 intelligent eople will submit in fear and ervitude to an alien, an Austrian WAS WED IN" DECORAH R E N O , Nov., P -- Gertrud Plummer Thomas filed suit fo divorce against James Anthony Thomas, New Orleans, La. He petition charged cruelty. It state they were married Aug. 2, at Decorah, Iowa. 1036 aperhanger, and a poor one at lat, I am told x x x." (Germany annexed A u s t r i a Vlarch 13, 1938.) However, the present attitude eemed to be to forget the past md watch for the disposition of 'ope Pius XII toward nazi Germany. KILLS HIMSELF AFTER ARREST Man Had Been Sent Handcuffed to Hideout Where Companions Were CLINTON, (IP)--Sheriff C. S. Petersen said Friday he and other authorities were checking into [he pasts of three persons arrested late Thursday after a fourth member jo£ their group killed himself as officers hideout. closed in on their Preliminary questioning of the trio, the sheriff said, disclosed the four had committed a dozen crimes in three states during the last month, coming here 10 days ago to "escape the heat" of Missouri and Oklahoma officers. Louis Sloath, 27, of Kansas City, Mo., shot himself Thursday the sheriff reported, after he had been sent handcuffed into the living quarters where he told police his three companions were living. Those taken into custody and held without charge pending further . investigation, gave their names, the sheriff said, as: George F. Marshall, 27. Kansas City; Mrs. Marshall, his wife. 20, and Betty Lyman, Kansas City, 22. Justice, Understanding ' Are Urged by Church ;^£Leader.;;;jPQiic^ : SetrIJpj;,_. VATICAN CITY, (A 3 )--Pi u s XII opened his pontificate Friday with a strong plea for peace broadcast to the entire Christian world. Speaking from the Sistine chapel in Latin, his holiness called for peace with justice and understanding. So sudden and unexpected was the pontiffs decision to address the world less than 24 hours after his election Thursday that even Vatican authorities were not prepared for it. An Italian summary was broadcast. Is Keystone of Policy .Pope Pius appealed for peace which he said, according to this summary, "we all must ardently desire, peace joined with justice and charity, peace in the family, within nations and in all men, peace which signifies mutual understanding and cordial collaboration." Like his predecessor, Pius XI, Pius XII made peace the keystone of his policy, saying the first message of the vicar of Christ must be one of peace. "May God reward those .who invoke it, who desire it with pure heart and who pray for it and hasten it," he said. Thanks Cardinals' College His holiness began his five-minute message with an expression of profound emotion for "the inscrutable purpose of God" which resulted in his election. He thanked the sacred college of .cardinals -- of which unti" Thursday he was a member, Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli--for hav- ng considered him worthy of the icavy responsibility and he expressed the wish its members would be his faithful and ready advisers. Then he sent greetings to al members of the episcopate and t all who worked throughout the world to "propagate the divini Ing the- third obeisance of his electors. . The, entire ^college of C£ir,dinals,- -wrLich.becameJGl iwith the· eleva"- tion "of Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, former Vatican secretary of state, gathered in the Sistine chapel at II a. m. (4 a. m., CST) to kiss the pope's slippered foot, .to receive his embrace and to hear a brief discourse. Could Go Through Rome The March 12 ceremonies of the oronation for the first native Oman pontiff in 218 years may e more elaborate than any held i almost a century. Pius XII will be the first pope iectcd since the Latern treaty djusted differences between the atican and the Italian govern- ent 10 years ago, and he will be ree if he chooses, therefore, to DEMOCRACIES PRAISE POPE Dictatorships Are Generally Silent on Elevation of Pacelli DIES AS CLAV FALLS WHAT CHEER, (A 5 ;-- Several tons of frozen clay accidentally fell on Earl Dutemple, 55, killing him instantly in a shed of the Clay Products company here. 15 Killed, 200 Hurt in Riots in Burma RANGOON, Surma, (fP--Fif- teen persons have been kilted and 200 injured in Hindu-Moslem a fresh rioting wave of w h i c Ii word," to the priesthood, mission and Catholic'Action, lay society. The pontiff said that in hi thoughts as well were all thos who were outside the Catholi church. Coronation March 12 He declared he prayed tha they would hear "the insisten call from above for them to re turn to the mother church." His holiness, who earlier ha set his coronation for Sunday March 12, concluded his messag with his apostolic benediction. In response to the message congratulation on his electio from Premier Mussolini, Pius XI invoked divine aid for the Italia government and bestowed h: apostolic benediction. Acknowledges Greeting The secretary of state's offic acknowledged 11 Duce's greeting sent Thursday night, with a tele gram which said his message the name of beloved Italy" con firmed "what the people of Rom eloquently signified.'' The pontiff, raised to the vicai started Thursday. Police and mili- age of Christ by what many be tary patrols clashed several times lieve was the unanimous vote of 6 with crowds of demonstrators. cardinals, received Friday morn ivive the old irough Rome custom of going in state to take ormal possession of papal prop- i-ties outside the Vatican walls. The pontiffs policies are ex- ected to take form slowly; with irmness but never with "imp iveness. . Likely Attitude Described "Calmness in conduct and "scions in dealing with the church's nternal and international -rela- ions so as to better various situations" was the description of the oly father's likely attitude'from one Vatican source. Toward nazi Germany's treatment of Catholics, this informan said, his holiness was expected to show "no weakness-but-an atti- ude of watchful waiting for bet- erment of conditions." The holy father--after this elec- .ion Thursday and his appearance on the balcony of St. Peter's to give his benediction to the crowds and to receive their homage-retired Thursday night to the cell which had been his apartment during the years he was close servant of the late Pius XI. . , ( V . P . -- - p e m o c r a t i c na _ I lions 'HI Europe were jubilant Friday and dictatorships generally silent regarding the election of Cardinal Pacelli as new pope of the Roman Catholic church. British newspapers f r a n k l y called the election "a triumph for democracy." French newspapers shared the opinion. In the Balkans, sentiment was divided but all seemed to agree that the college of cardinals had voted without regard for the known wishes of the totalitarian countries in elevating the papal secretary of state, an avowed friend of democracies, to the head of the church. Outwardly, Italy echoed with praises for the new pope a native of Rome. There was not a single discordant note in that country, theater of the sacred college's ceremonials. .But diplomats in Belgrade, Jugoslavia recalled that one of the famous remarks attributed to the new pope had won him no favor in the Itah'an -government. Explaining the differences between the words "mishap" and "misfortune," Cardinal Pacelli was supposed to have- said: "If the Venice palace collapsed and killed Mussolini and the fascist grand council, that would have been a mishap but not a misfortune." BILL INCLUDES BUYING UF 784 NEW AIRPLANES Representatives Act With Unanimity and Speed on Measure W A S H I N G T O N , (fl)~-T h e house, -with almost unprecedented '· unanimity and speed, passed and sent to the senate Friday a $499,000,000 army appropriation bill,' carrying funds to start a proposed expansion of the air corps. There was no record vote and not a single amendment was offered to the huge supply bill, carrying the largest army appropriation in more than 10 years. Purchase 784 Planes In addition to funds to run the army for the year starting July 1, the bill also will permit the purchase of 784 ne\v airplanes, mostly combat types. Only a handful of members were on the floor when the bill went hrough and although Rep. Miller (R.-Conn.) sought to offer an amendment, he was blocked by a single objection on the ground he was too late. The senate, debating the army expansion bill, heard meanwhile a warning from Senator Nye (R.- N. Dak.,) that it must keep a close check on developments of foreign policy lest some propaganda campaign carry the nation to war. Nye Outlines Setup Nye outlined a half dozen steps he said might fit in a pattern of events leading to conflict. Representative C o l l i n s (D.- Miss.,) frequent critic of war department policies, told the house that if reports of Germany's tremendous air power were true, United States military and naval JUMP FROM TRESTLE MARKS, Miss., (#)--William Thompson, Negro farm hand, trapped on a railway trestle by a speeding passenger train, escaped it by jumping into the Coldwater river. He drowned. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Increasing cloudiness, possibly rain or snow in northwest and extreme north portions, somewhat warmer in east 311 d south portions Friday night; Saturday snow or rain in nwth portion, rain in south portion, somewhat colder in northwest portion. MINNESOTA: Mostly cloudy, snow in west and scuth portions Friday night and Saturday, somewhat colder in north- cast and north-central portions Friday night and in south portion Saturday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics: Maximum Thursday 35 Minimum Thursday night 8 At 8 a. m. Friday 20 YEAR AGO: Maximum 41 Minimum 22 WOOD WILL BE AID TO HOPKINS Chairman of Board for Sears to Advisor on. Business Relations WASHINGTON, I7P)--Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins las appointed General H. E. Wood of Chicago as his official advisor on business relations. General Wood, a former regular army officer who now is chairman of the board of Sears. Roebuck and company, wil! serve for about four months, without title or administrative duties. A Hopkins aide said Wood bac accepted the job on condition tha it be temporary. Wood, who is also a former member of the commerce department's business advisory council was described by department officials as a "business liberal." Hi job will be to help Hopkins fine out what he can do to help business and also to tell business wha it can do to promote government business co-operation espoused ii recent statements of Presiden Roosevelt and several administra tion leaders. Wood is in Washington attendini a census bureau meeting. He told newsmen he had dis cussed the matter informally will Hopkins several weeks ago but hai just returned from a Caribbea cruise and did not know the com merce secretary had given hi the assignment. Attaches aboard bave,bejn.:"asleep . ·* oh the job" and should be eflm-'""^ inated. His statement shared attention with Nye's in the senate. Nye's treatise, together with others' speeches, including one Thursday by Senator Johnson (R.-Cal.,) delayed for a time a senate vote on the bill. Nazi Superiority Unknown In the house, Representative Collins was discussing the pending army appropriation bill providing first funds for the proposed expansion, when he declared that as late as last October the "alleged astonishing superiority" of Germany's air forces was unknown to this government. "In God's name," he shouted, "what have these attaches been doing? In the space of less than 12 months, unbeknown to them, a complete reversal of the picture has taken place." Asserting he was disposed to doubt the accuracy of reports as to the foreign powers' air strength, Collins declared the house military committee might well summon the attaches involved and question them on the subject. Ruins of Halifax Hotel Are Probed o Determine Loss HALIFAX, Nova Scotia, (Can- .dian Press)--Firemen F r i d a y irobed ice-coated ruins of the Jueen hotel to determine the loss of life in the early morning fire Thursday which trapped sleeping guests as it swept the hotel and destroyed two adjoining struc- ,ures. Police said 25 persons were missing and expressed fear even more had lost their lives in the blaze. Four unidentified bodies were removed from the ruins. · In hospitals were 20 injured, including two firemen. The fire forced many guests to jump from windows of the blazing wood and stucco hotel. New Questions Will Be Asked by Census Takers in U.S. in'40 WASHINGTON, W--Are you working and how much do you make? Do you own your home and how much is it worth? Where were you and what were you doing 10 years ago'.' These are the new questions, it was learned Friday, that the census man will ask you next year. He wants to know a lot more than your age and birthplace. A tentative draft of the 1940 questionaire, prepared by the census bureau's chief statistician, includes these new questions, and conferences beginning Friday may add a few more. About 100 leaders in business, labor and education have been asked to offer suggcs- . lions. ^-v'fT/^.^^C;^"-^^ incaraj-on. " - "" ..,, " ' ^ --

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