Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 15, 1937 · Page 16
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 16

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Monday, February 15, 1937
Page 16
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SIXTEEN MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 15 EXPLORING THE HISTORY OF IOWA By JOHN ELY BR1GGS UN IT FOUR AGRICULTURE This Is the, twenty-fifth story lii this series of explorations into the history of Iowa. Another agricultural topic will appear in this paper next week. 5. Cattle . ' The- men,and- women who first came to make their homes in the sheltered valleys and on the broad prairies of Iowa did not invade the new country like' a hostile army. Though settlement was rapid in the early years, the pioneers did not rush across the Mississippi with fire and sword as if charging into battle. Conquerors they were, but.their foe was the wilderness and their victory was-in the cultivation o£ the soil. They came quietly, without confusion or tumult. Instead of fiery chargers, their steeds were slow, mild-eyed oxen and their chariots were Magons loaded with household goods. The first necessity o£ the pioneer immigrant was a living. He had 1o begin at once to clear the land, break the prairie sod, and raise a crop. For this work he needed domestic animals--oxen and horses for hauling, sheep for wool and mutton, hogs for pork, and cattle for milk and beef. Flocks, droves, and herds were important in early Iowa agriculture. But of all kinds of livestock, cattle were the most desirable. They served many purposes, and Iowa was well suited for cattle raising. For many years oxen were used to pull the heavy breaking plows, drag logs out o£ the timber, haul grain to market, and do all sorts of work on the farms. They were steady, patient, willing, and powerful. Some farmers liked oxen better than horses. By 1850 there were nearly 22,000 work oxen in \ Iowa. Ten years .later there were 57,000, but by 1870 the number had fallen to 22,000 again. The rapid development of farm machinery built for horse power destroyed the usefulness of oxen. Between 1870 and ( 1880 work oxen almost disappeared from Iowa larms. Only 2,500 were left. The early settlers were not wealthy. They brought only a few cattle, sheep, hogs, and horses. Gradually their herds and flocks increased, but several years passed before the fanns were well stocked. Meanwhile, the land was used mainly for grain crops. Iowa ranked eighteenth among the states in grain production at the middle of the last century and only twenty-fourth ' in livestock. During the next 30 years, however, this state rose to second place in both grain and stock raising. By 1880 Iowa was second only to Texas in cattle production. Most-of- the-cattle-raised, in this s t a t e - a r c of the beef kind. This type has always been profitable because they get fat on grass, corn, and coarse forage which would This picture of a Shorthorn Agricultural Report in 1860. cow was published in the Iowa have less value for any other purpose. Nearly three-fourths of the farms have herds to be fattened for meat, and these cattle -bring about a seventh of the total agricultural income. Two-thirds of them are raised on Iowa farms, which means that only a third are shipped in from the western ranges for feeding. In the early years nearly all the cattle were of mixed blood. They were not very good for either beef or dairy purposes. The milk was used on the farms and beef cattle were killed in local slaughter houses. A cow was a cow. Nobody cared much what her color, shape, or pedigree was. Prices were no higher for fancy stock than for common cattle. If a man had a cow that gave four or five gallons o£ extra rich milk every day, he was glad, but lie saw no great advantage in owning a whole herd like her. The secretary of the state agricultural society reported that there were a few pure blooded cattle in Iowa, but they were so scattered that no general improvement of the stock could be noticed. "There are prejudices to overcome, there are objections to be removed; and, above all, there must be more surplus cash beyond that required for improved machinery, fencing, buildings, and general tillage," before farmers could be expected to pay the high prices for pure blooded Shorthorn, Devon, or Ayrshire stock. Probably the state fair did as much as anything to encourage the raising of better cattle. The best stock was exhibited there, and breeders' began to see the value of pure blooded animals. At the first [air in 1855, only three breeds were shown. The 53 Shorthorns, 10 Devons, and 4 Herefords indicated the relative popularity of :he different kinds of cattle at that .tme. Twenty-five years later, 79 Shorthorns, 21 Devons, 10 Here- iords, 33 Jerseys, 42 Holsleins, and 12 Ayrshires were shown at the state lair. Shorthorns were the favorite cattle in Iowa for many years. They had many good qualities that pleased the farmers who were not specialists in cattle breeding. Most of the pioneers wanted a herd thnt was good for beef as well as butter. Shorthorns, being large, well- shaped, hardy, and easy to fatten, took the prize in beef production. The cows were also good milkers. Moreover, breeders thought Shorthorn blood was valuable for improving the quality of other cattle. Growth in the cattle population of Iowa was very rapid in the half century from 1840 to 18DO, either doubling or trebling every ten 3'ears. The increase of almost three millions in the 20 years following 1870 was probably due to the big corn crops. The price of corn was low and freight was high, and so the farmers raised more cattle to eat up the corn. During the last 45 years, however, the number has remained about the same, ranging from three and a half millions to more than five millions. The peak was reached in 1907. Meanwhile, beef cattle breeds were much improved. Stylish Angus and Hereford baby beef steers from Iowa often win grand championships at international livestock shows. Dairying developed later than beef cattle raising. Not much progress was made until purebred milk herds were established after 1880. When John Stewart of Manchester, Iowa, won the gold medal for the "best package of butter exhibited" at the Centennial Exposition in 1876, lowans were as much surprised as the eastern experts. His success no doubt aroused interest in dairying. In the following year the Northern Iowa Butler and Cheese association w n s formed. It grew into the Iowa State Dairy association. With the recognition of dairying as a special type of farming, particularly suitable for northeastern Iowa, more attention was paid to milk cows. The importance of pure dairy breeds was admitted. James Wilson believed that the Ayrshires and Jerseys were the best for butter. Other breeds were introduced Guernseys, Holsteins and Brown Swiss won the approval of dairymen. Gradually the Holsteins gained in popularity. Now more than three-fifths of Iowa's million and a half dairy, cattle are Hc.l- steins. During the past GO years, dairying has made steady progress in Iowa. Many prizes have been won by our cattle. At the first National Dairy Show in 1906, ah Iowa bull was grand champion. The first world's records in milk and butter production were held by Iowa cows. And yet in 1908 Iowa dairy cattle were averaging only about 140 pounds of butter yearly. Feeding methods were still haphazard and wasteful. To stimulate more interest in dairying, a show was held at the annual meeting of the dairy association in 1909. The response of the farmers showed clearly that they would rather see a cow than hear a man explain one. The meeting was held the next year at Waterloo, and that was the beginning of the annual Dairy Cattle Congress. Approximately 138,000 people attended the twenty-fifth Dairy Cattle Congress in 1934. In the words of a newspaper reporter who saw the first show, "Even if you hate cows, abhor bulls, turn your nose up at milk as a beverage, eat your bread without butter and your pie without cheese and faint away at the sight of buttermilk, you will be captivated by the magnificent display of perfect animals at the exhibition." Dairying has kept up with the progress of the great exposition at Waterloo. Though the number of dairy cattle on Iowa farms has decreased, milk and butter production has increased. Instead of a general average of 140 pounds of butter fat a year, the average for 25.000 cows tested in 1934 was 325 pounds. The present "average" QOW is worth about 520 more tha'n her great grandmother. Activity Hints. 1. Read about the many kinds of cattle in the "National Geographic Magazine" for December, 1325. 2. Find out what kinds of cattle are raised in your neighborhood. 3. Write an essay on the advantages of dairy farming. 4. Explain what breeds of cattle you would raise if you were a farmer. . .Next week: "Horses." Charles City News Hex Tugwell Skills Division, Former Charles City an Works in Ultra Modern RA Furniture Factory CHARLES CITY--Adrian Dornbush, who formerly lived in Charles City, is working under Dr. in the "Special Resettlement Administration" in an ultra modern furniture factory in Washington. The furniture is built in an old candy factory for use in the 69 communities established under the new deal bariner. The factory is a complete furniture plant making demonstration pieces which commercial manufacturers copy on federal order. The beds, chairs and tables are built for the rural relief families for hard use. Mr. Dornbush said the planks that go into the furniture are standardized so a drawer that fits into the kitchen cabinet fits the table in the parlor. The legs on the book case are identi- cal with -those on the dressing table. This practice has made it possible for the government to furnish a whole house for the price of a radio set, according to Mr. Dornbush. Charles City Briefs Your Federal Income Tax No. 12. Gross Income, Net Income and Surtax Net Income. THE CRITICAL TIME W O M E N who suffer f r o m nervousness, -pains in side or back, irritability and discomforts associated \vitli functional dist u r b a n c e s , heal (lashes, should take that reliable vegetable tonic known for 70 years as Cr, Piprce's Favorite Prescrip fion. This ii ivhac .Mrs. F. F.. Gettau of 519 \V. F i f t h St.. Sioux Citr. Jowi, said: "Dnr- Inn the critical lime of lire, I wn.i iveaU anrt depressed and my 'nerves seemed tn he shattered. I also had hot anii cold flashes. r)r. Pierce.'* Tavorile Prescription helped to ttrengliicn me anrl t u-a* greatly improved tiler its use. In fan 'Favorite Prescription' appeared 10 help me in every way." Buy now. Ncn- size. tabs. SOc, Liquid SI "8: $1.35. CHARLES CITY--Dr. W. L. Dibble again filled the pulpit in the Congregational church Sunday morning during the illness of the regular pastor. Dr. E. W. Huelster. The Rev. and Mrs. Frank Court of Waterloo will attend the Wednesday night church service in the Central Methodist church. The Rev. Mr. Court is district superintendent. Dr. and Mrs. B. M. Hudson returned .from Castalia Sunday where they attended the funeral of Mrs. Hudson's aunt. Mrs. John Hidy is ill with pneumonia at her (home on Fourth venue. Miss Elza Weitz and Miss Alice Bowles of Des Moines spent the week-end with Miss Barbara Blake. ·-· R. W. Shanks of Mason City and Ethel Burlingham of Nora Springs were granted a marriage license. Robert L. Witherspoon and Mildred E; Knowlton both of Floyd, were granted a marriage license Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. Griffith Wodtke of Cedar Rapids visited friends here on their way to Mason City to attend the wedding of Miss Ruth Irons. Viola Senne, Allison, Marion FOR SALE First Mortgages INVESTMENT DEPARTMENT First National Bank Mason City, Iowa. Floyd and Reatha Meyers, had major operations in the Cedar Valley hospital. The profits of the shoot at the Gun club grounds Sunday went to the Red Cross for the benefit ol the flood relief. Funeral services for Mrs. Pauline Dinkel, 93, were held Monday at her home, 1001 Gilbert street, with the Rev. W. F. Belling officiating. Mrs. DinUel is survived by 10 children. · Three of the terms used in the income tax law, namely, gross income, net income, and surtax net income, should be noted parlicu- larly,«masmuch as they are vitally important to the whole subject of the income tax. Gross income includes in general all income from any source whatever, unless exempt from tax by law. The gross income of the usual business consists of the gross profits on sales, plus any income from investments and incidental or outside operations or sources. The return must show the gross sales, purchases, and cost of goods sold. To reflect income correctly, inventories are necessary at the beginning and end of each taxable year. A lawyer, doctor, architect, physician, dentist, clergyman, author, or other professional man must include in gross income all fees, salaries, and compensation of any kind for professional services. Net income upon which the tax is assessed is gross income less the deductions allowed by law. Such deductions include business and professional expenses, such as salaries, pensions, and bonuses to employes, taxes, losses, interest paid, bad debts, depreciation, depletion, contributions, etc. Failure to understand deductions against gross income and credits against net income has resulted in numerous errors on the part of the taxpayers. An earned income credit is provided in 'addition to the personal exemption and credit for dependents, etc!, for the purpose of com- T. C. Freeman, 68, Resident of Hampton for 59 Years, Buried HAMPTON -- Funeral services for Truman C. Freeman, 63, who died at his home Wednesday, were held Saturday afternoon at the Fox funeral home. The Hev. C. S. Kleckner, pastor oC the Church of Christ, was in charge of the services and burial was made at Hampton. Mr. Freeman was born in Canada in 18G9 and came to Hampton 50 years ago. He was married here to Alice Gamble, who survives him. Also surviving are a son, A. C. Freeman of Hampton; four daughters, Mrs. Jasper Hannah, Mrs. Roy W. Thomas and Mrs. M. E. Stowell of Hampton and Mrs. J. H. Van Ousten of Waterloo; one brother, Will Freeman, and two sisters, Mrs. Fred Tyler and Mrs. O. J. Gamble, all of Hampton. Dovvs Couple Bruised as Car and Truck Collide DOWS--As Mr. and Mrs. Will Wright were returning from Hampton Saturday evening, their car and a gravel truck collided, bruising and shaking 'them up. The truck was driven by Will Brandon and the accident happened at the George Madson corner, not far from the Wright home, about 9 miles northeast of Dows. The Wright car was demolished and the truck was slightly damaged. Howell Funeral Rites Held at Eagle Grove EAGLE GROVE--Funeral services for Carlisle G. Howell, 49. formerly of this city, who died Thursday at Evansvillc, Ind.. were held Monday, Feb. 15, at the Sacred Heart church, in charge of the Hev. P. Molloy, and burial was made In Calvary cemetery. Eagle Grove. Mr. Howell was an advertising cartoonist, with a position at Evansville, Ind., but was forced to resign on account of ill health. He is survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. Howell, in Eagle Grove; a brother, John, and a sister, Mrs. Marie Howell-Donahoe, in Dubuque. He was a veteran of the World war. puting the normal tax. Having arrived at the net income, the next step is to deduct the personal exemption and credit for dependents. The balance represents the surtax net income. The next step is to deduct from such balance the earned income, credit and other credits to which the taxpayer is entitled. The remainder represents the amount of net income subject to the normal tax of 4 per cent. Any amount of surtax net income which is in excess o£ $4,000 is subject to the surtax. The surtax is to be computed in accordance with the rates provided for in the various so-called surtax brackets. Branch Halchery Opens. PROTIVIN--Huber Hatchery of Calmar held the opening of their branch matchery at Protivin Sat| urday. Free entertainment was civen during the afternoon. Sentenced for Selling Beer Without License DECORAH--Leslie Cox, former proprietor of n beer tavern, is serving six months in the county jail for operating the tavern and selling beer without a license. His partner, Arthur Lewis, in whose name the license was obtained, returned the license voluntarily to the city council. After the license was returned Cox continued to sell beer until he was arrested by local officers. He was sentenced by Judge Taylor, after pleading guilty to the offense. Patrick Rooney, 37, Buried. DECORAH -- Funeral services were held Saturday for Patrick Rooney, 37, who died in Dccorah after a short illness of pneumonia. The services were held in St. Benedict's Catholic church and were in charge of the Rev. Win in Sectional Declam. EMMETSBURG-- Pupils of St. Mary's academy, Emmetsburg, were awarded three places in the sectional parochial declamatory contest at Ashton Friday night. Thomas Cnliill placed first in the oratorical division, Lucille Brew- Father Maurice Nolan. Burial was I or in humorous and made in the Catholic cemetery. Ryan second in the dramatic. EVERYBODY'S GOING TO MlER WOLF SONS' Greatest Clearance of LIVING ROOM SUITES --Two and three pieces, priced as low as Here are values that will cause a sensation! Our entire vast stock of fine jiving room furniture is included in this mighty Clearance Selling! Every new style, in conservative as well as modern effects, drastically reduced! Dozens of choice coverings . . . a score of new designs . . . all at give away prices! Newest Styles! Out They Go! BEDROOM SUITES! --Three to five pieces, offered as low as Truly sensatio'nal-reductions on our big stock of choice Bedroom Suites-, in-every imaginable style, designs to'please every, taste and style preferencet Here's ' a glorious opportunity to effectively .save . , , a wonderful chance to buy that new 'Bedroom Suite a t - a .tremendously big Discount! - . . - · · Drastic Reductions in DINING ROOM SUITES! And you must bear in.mind that these are the very choicest numbers from leading manufacturers,-- the smartest Dining room suites on the market--all Five to ten suites, upward from have been re-marked down to new and lower price levels for this marvelous clearance! Don't fail'to see these unparalleled values] MS;^^^

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