The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 21, 1936 · Page 1
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March 21, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Saturday, March 21, 1936
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'. L O M E R : U £ i.i a T O F i NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COHY ASSOCIATED PRESS i-EASED WIRE SERVICE -THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N MASON CITY, IOWA, SATURDAY, MARCH 21,1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SKCTlON ONE NO. 142 Selassie Is All Through Rhineland Situation Removes Support of League. (CPA) -- The Rhineland situation is spoken of by diplo m a t i c folk in Washington as h a v i n g spelled the finish of Haile Selassie however it may d e v e l o p outside Ethiopia. Repr e s e n t a- lives of powers like France and B r i t ain do not admit in so many words that tbeir g o v e r n m ents have had to buy Benito Mussolini's support against Germany by abandoning their opposition to his campaign in Africa, but what they say cannot be otherwise, than so interpreted. , Until Herr Hitler took something dangerously suggestive of the warpath the league countries were formidably aligned against Italy. II duce kept his Ethiopian activities -oing. indeed, but there is no douV that the league's persistent threats of sanctions (threat* i are all that they really amount to) have worried him badly. Fear to Threaten. Now the more potent league nations are afraid to tirmo pven to threaten him. If he lines up with Hitler the alliance will be hazardous. It is not SP much a question: Wh" can lick whom? The question is: What will start another "Hitter' may not be able to start another one alone. Nor may Mussolini. But, combined, who knows? What the British, the French and perhaps the Russians and some smaller countries are «*P****y anxious to prevent is such a combination, precipitating, a clash, on -the aUi«d5 ^dictators' ". theory that they" AVfll '"get'-away. with something" under cover of the confusion? even, at the sacrifice, of civilization. . Disposed to Yield. On this basis they are disposed to yield a modicum of his demands to Mussolini, to keep him from unit- much hope ot blocking an amalgamation of Germany with Italy, if it can be effected, for Germany needs Italy more than Italy needs Germany. But they think they may be able to influence Italy, which can t profit ^reatly by German assistance. Ethiopia, then, has no genuine "rounds the League of Nations ought to protect iU The league was disposed to do so, while the quarrel was between compartively picayune Italy and microscopic Ethiopia. Ethiopia in Discard. Gersaany !?~ving entered into the of the con- world ing with Hitler. They have not equation, discard. Etiuopia goes into the e STORM WARNING ON EAST COAST Rush Program to Get Ahead of Spring Planting It is a temporary situation, to France is in a "state of mind" iecause Germany is encroaching on the Rhineland, backed by Britain. . But a few months hence, Britain will be yelling that Italy is encroaching, in Ethiopia, on the headwaters of the Nile, jeopardizing the irrigation of British Egypt. In the meantime Haile Selassie will have lost his throne, as a result of clashes between major powers. The real row is on the Rhine, but: Good night to Haile Selassie, in Abyssinia! WATlDlGSAVES LIVES OF THREE 'Lady' Smells Smoke, Wakes Up Keokuk Woman and Two Children. KEOKUK, (/Pi--A St. Bernard ·watchdog "Lady" saved the lives of Mrs. Ivor Summers and her two children early Saturday when she smelled smoke and aroused them in time to escape from their burning house. The house, a four room cottage, was completely destroyed along with all the furnishings. Mrs. Summers and two small children were asleep in a rear bedroom when the dog awakened them by barking and her lunges against a closed door. The house is located on the outskirts of town and the firemen were obliged to lay 2,150 feet of hose through two cemeteries to reach it. NEW DEAL SEEKS TO GET FARMERS INTO NEW PLAN Wallace Announces $10 an Acre Payment for Soil Building. WASHINGTON, (.71--F l a s h i n g throughout tne country the signal to start the complex soil conservation machine rolling, the new deal strove Saturday to bring the nation's farmers within the $470,000,000 program before spring planting starts in earnest. Farmers were summoned hurriedly to many conferences to organize c o u n t y producers' associations. These will help administer the vast conservation plan, basis for subsidy payments to farmers. Secretary Wallace had announced that the new program, substitute for the invalidated agricultural adjustment act. would provide an average payment of $10 for each acre of commercial, soil depleting crop lands shifted to soil conserving uses. Signs Money Bill. A short time earlier President Roosevelt had signed an appropriation bill carrying $440,000,000 for the program and making $30,000,000 of unexpended money available. Wallace acknowledged. that some details of, the program are not perfected. -.But 'operation .iE to- begin immediately, with_ the .aim of shifting 30,000,000- acres from soil depleting crops to c o n s e r v a t i o n growths in 1936. The secretary said the program was planned on an estimate that SO per cent of eligible farmers would participate. Fanners are expected to begin signing applications for participation within a week. In Three Classes. The AAA divided all crops into three classes for subsidy purposes: Soil depleting, soil conserving and soil building. Each participating farm is to have a "soil depleting base acreage" --the acreage of depleting crops planted in 1935, with modifications to meet "unusual situations." Special soil depleting bases, corresponding to the base acreages set up under the old AAA, are to be established for cotton, tobacco, peanuts, sugar, rice and flaxseed. There are to be two types' of subsidies--"soil building" and "soil conserving" payments. Payments to Be Made. The soil building payments will be made for planting soil building- crops on conmmercial crop land in 1936 and for approved soil building practices on crop land or pasture. The rate of this payment will be based on the recommendation of state committees, but will not be more than SI an acre. (An exception is made for small producers who may qualify for payments up to $10.) The second, or soil conserving payment, is to be made at a specified rate for shifting- from soil depleting to soil conserving or soil building crops for 1936. Soil Building Crops. If a farmer is to recive a subsidy, his acreage of soil conserving or building crops mufjt be equal to 30 per cent of the farm's soil depleting base, or equal to the maximum limit set for diversion. For all crops except cotton, tobacco, peanuts, sugar beets, sugar cane, flax and rice, the diversion payment will average S10 an acrea, based on productivity of individual farmers. The maximum diversion for which payments will be made is 15 per cent of the base acreage. For cotton, the payment will be five cents a pound for cotton which would have been produced on the diverted acres. The maximum diversion permitted is 35 per cent. Producers Organizing. Under way Saturday is the organization of county producers associations throughout the nation. Each farmer is eligible to become a member of the association. Each association will have county and community committees, which will appraise the farms, fix the soil con- Treasury's Deficit to Hit Highest Peak in History Reduction Claims of* ' President Branded QN THE I N S I D E as Fictitious. Ida County First to Get Flood Aid Quota ST. LOUIS, (.T -- Midwestern headquarters of the American Red Cross reported that Ida county was the first Iowa chapter to report its full quota of funds for flood stricken sufferers in the east. serving and soil depleting bases, and operate the program within the field. Subsidy checks may not be expected to reach the field before fall. Relief Load Decreases, DES MOINES, t.Pi--J. C. Pryor. Iowa relief administrator, reported the state's relief load during February wa.i reduced 13.230 persons from the January total nt 141.140. By NATHAN ROBERTSON WASHINGTON, I.-P) -- A warm political controversy over federal finances was stiired up Saturday by President Roosevelt's statement in his recent relief message that budget estimates would "in effect," permit continuing reductions in the treasury deficit. Republican spokesmen asserted the claim was "fictitious" and "utterly impossible," in view of prospective bonus and relief expenditures. Administration officials conceded the deficit this year probably will reach the highest peak in history, but they contended it was a "paper deficit" and that because of sinking funds being provided by new taxes the president was fundamentally correct. Bonus Conflict Cause. Chief cause of the conflict was the soldiers' bonus, which congress voted to pay in cashable bonds June 15. If all bonus certificates should be exchanged for bonds by June 30, the end of the fiscal year, this year's deficit would climb close to 55,500,000,000; by far the all-time peak. The biggest in history was $3,989,000,000 in 1934. But 51,740,000,000 of this huge deficit would result from the bonus, Some of the bonus certificates are not expected to be exchanged until after next July .1. Therefore the .sum tiey represent. would: be: adaed".*CT next year's deficit instead of this year's, making the latter figure less than $5,500,000,000. In Separate Category. Democratic spokesmen place the bonus in a separate category from ordinary and relief expenditures. They said the new bonus taxes of $120,000,000 a year asked by the president would more than take care of this and that it could oniy technically be counted in this year's deficit. They placed in the same category, expenditures under this year's S500,- 000,000 farm program. Because of the invalidation of the processing- taxes this sum will be added to the deficit. But democrats pointed to the sinking fund to be created by temporary taxes over the next two or three years to provide for it. Holding to Estimate. With these items eliminated, administration leaders contended the president was holding to his budget estimate'of a $3.234,000,000 deficit for the current fiscal year as against $3,575,000,000 last year. Senator Byrnes (D.-S. Car.), asserted the rest was only a "paper deficit." He said the bonus was a government obligation which should have been counted in the public debt for years. Senator Steiwer (R.-Ore.l, joint author of the bonus bill with Byrnes, contended that the president's promise of decreasing deficits was "utterly impossible if all expenditures are included and there are no fictions in the budget." Senator Dickinson (R.-Iowa) called the president's claim "fictitious." Have You Read Your Newspaper 1. What year was the famous Johnstown flood, in which more than 2.000 lives were lost? 2. Who is Joachim von Ribben- trop ? 3. Who was Eleutherios Vcn- izclos who died the past week? 4. What husband of an American heiress was killed playing polo? 5. Who succeeds Dr. R. M. Hughes as president of Iowa State college? 6. What was Atty. Gen. Edward L. O'Connor's announcement concerning plans for the 1936 campaign. 7. What judicial body declared Harold M. Cooper,- former Iowa Liquor Control commission chairman, was not guilty of an illegal act in giving away state liquor seals. 8. What day was the first day of spring? 9. Why did Iowa station a "border patrol" along the Minnesota line? 10. What town was Mason City's first opponent in the district high school basketball tour- n a m e n t ? (ANSWERS ON PAGE 2) DR. WALTER BIERRING State Gets $21,915 for Health Service ON PAGE 11 Farmhouse Burns Near Cresco; Loss 4,000 ON PAGE 11 Mason City Cage Team Plays East Sioux City " ' ' ' " Iowa, World News of Past Week Reviewed ON PAGE 2 Byers Says Hitler Holds Lead So Far ON PAGE 4 42 Drivers Picked Up for Improper Lighting ON PAGE 12 AWAIT REACTION OF GERMANY TO 4 POWER PLAN Nation Reported Stunned and Embittered by Proposals. B.v THE ASSOCIATED 1'RESS The Locarno powers awaited official reaction from Berlin Satui- day to the elaborate set of proposals formulated with the intent of assuring a lasting European peace and settling the Rhineland problem. Germany was by turns stunned and embittered. Chancellor Adolf Hitler's own newspaper, Voelkischer Bcobachtcr, called the suggestions "Shy lock's pound" and "collective brazcnness. ' The press charged that dcr fuehrer had been dealt "a blow belou the belt," declaring British and Italian assurances of support to France and Belgium in case Gei- many declined to accept the four power plan carried far reaching consequences. To Obtain Answer. From London flew Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hitler's personal emissary, to obtain from the reichs- fuehrer in person the answer to proposals that a "buffer" zone be created in the Rhineland, policed by an international force, pending determination of questions .created by - ' ' : " " ' '" " " SHIRLEY TEMPLE PAID $2 ig Pay Envelopes of Film Stars and Captains of Industry Revealed. WASHINGTON, (.T) -- Big pay envelopes carried home by movie stars and captains of industry in the calendar and fiscal year of the 1934 were listed Saturday in supplemental treasury reports of corporation salaries over .V'5,- 000 made to the house ways and means corn m i t- tee. T h o m a s J . Watson of New Y o r k , president of the International Busin e s s Machine, topped Shirley Temple all others on the list with a salary of $364.432. He was followed closely by the late Will Rogers, who received .$324.314 from Fox Films corporation. Janet Gaynor. also of Fox Films, received S252.5S3. W. R. Shcehfln, a Fox vice president, received S100.00D. Filed With Congress. The salary report marie Saturday supplements similar statements filed with congress last January under the revenue act. A move is now under way in congress to repeal the section which provides publicity for corporate salaries. Shirley Temple's salary from Fox was S23~.Q6-1.4S. Others on the Fox 000: Director Henry King, $156,439; Warner Baxter. $184,000; John Boles, ,$53,750; Stcpin Fetchit, $18,000; Directory Henry King, S15S,- 192; Jesse Lasky. producer. 5156.000; Spencer Tracy. $82,666; Helen Twelvetrces, S46.311. Lee Tracy S39.583. S. J. Briskin. general manager of Columbia Pictures, received S139.- 750; Harry Cohn. president, S1S2,- 000; Donald Cook, director. $156.000: Jack Holt. 548,408: Lcc Tracy, S39.583: Nancy Carroll, 549,083; Ciaudette Colbert. 536.666. and Grace Moore. .S35.000. W. P. Chrysler, head of tho Chrysler corporation, received SI07,568. Alfred P. Slnan. Jr.. ~ Motors, was paid $201,693. . Von' Ribbentrop was expected to return to London, scene of the Locarno conferences and Germany's indictment as a treaty breaker by the council of the league of nations, on Monday. Some league representatives were alarmed, and Germany was caustic, over tli. invocation by Britain, France, Belgium and Italy of article Xi of the league covenant providing for action against a threat of war. This implied possible sanctions if Germany rejected the Locarno powers' proposals. Keady lor Seclusion. In a speech Friday night in Hamburg, Hitler asserted "Germany is ready to withdraw into the seclusion where she can keep her good conscience." The British observed that the Locarno powers' suggestions were subject to revision, and the impression in Berlin was that Hitler would attempt to negotiate away some of the sharpest points of the program cirawn up rather than reject it all flatly. 'The Locarno proposals encompass, in addition to creation of the "buffer" zone, submission of the Franco- Soviet pact and the Rhineland reoccupation to the Hague international court, and a great international conference to consider all questions arising out of and following the World war. lialy Hasn't Accepted. Italy, as well as Germany, had yet to accept the plan, even though her representatives participated in the formulation of it. France faced not only the diplomatic problem of maintaining united front with Britain, but also the job of holding an election to select a new chamber of deputies Informed sources in Paris said Germany woifld not reject flatly the proposals advanced, but likely woulc attempt to split the four other Locarno nations. The league coucil conciliation committee of 13 was called into session Saturday to consider the favorable Ethiopian and Italian replies to the league's appeal for peace in east Africa. BRITISH INVITE HITLER COUNTER-PROPOSALS Red Cross Aids Flood Victims JJrcl Cross lorries, in wafer up to Iiubeaps, in AVllUes-Barrc, Pa., street, ready to aid flood victims. 10 Day Siege of Wisconsin MADISON, Wis., (.-Pi--A 10 elay siege of the stale capitol by WPA strikers from the Fox River valley came to a dramatic end Saturday when 70 Madison policemen, acting on orders from Gov.. Philip F. LaFollette, evacuated the assembly chamber where the strikers were encamped. Heeding the advice of their leader, Lyle Olson, Green Bay, the strikers offered no resistance. Olson instructed them to file out in orderly fashion, asserting that the "workers will make a temporary retreat but will carry on the battle back home." The strikers received their last word Saturday from Martin W. Torkelson. state WPA administrator, that he could not grant their demands for a wage increase from $48 to $60 a month. DRAFT OF NAVAL PACT APPROVED iSix Year Pact to Be Signed on Next Wednesday by Four Powers. LONDON, (VP)--The London naval conference Saturday approved the final draft of a new six year treaty and announced the document would be signed by the United States, Great Britain and France next Wednesday. Norman H. Davis, chief of the American delegation, registered an official reservation that the United States xvould consider herself released from the large cruiser holiday stipulation if Great Britain should build more than 70 cruisers. The treaty provides that no 10,000 ton cruisers shall be. constructed during the six year period. SNOW ADDS TO SUFFERINGS OF FLOOD VICTIMS Roosevelt Allocates 43 Millions to WPA for Repair Work. By THEODORE F. KOOP iM'j-r'Kh!, l!i:ifi, by The AMiiclatetl rrrss) Snow and falling temperatures brought new threats of disease and increased the misery among thousands of flood refugees and homeless in the Ohio valley Saturday as New England rivers wrought greater devastation in their surging toward the sea. Coastal cities in Now England, safe from the fury of the rivers, were nol free of clanger. Storm warnings were hoisted up the Atlantic coast, from Nantucket to Mnine. The. death list stood at 167. Close to 300,000 persons were homeless and the property damage mounted to around $300,000,000. The worst havoc from the rivers was in New England. Cities of Desolation. Hartford and Middlctown, in Connecticut, were cities of waste and desolation, all power cut off by the raging Connecticut river. In Hartford, however, the thousands of homeless found joy as the crest of the flood appeared past. Five hundred additional troops were brought into Hartford to prevent looting and aid in rescuing- stranded persons. Sporadically, the danger spread throughout the northeastern states. Webster.-'lake, '· largest in Massachusetts, threatened to break its gates. All available persons in Webster, with the entire town in danger of inundation, sought to save the dam and gate. Small Dams Crumble. In Maine and New Hampshire, the Saco river in its rush to Atlantic imperiled new areas. Small dams frequently crumbled before the power and ceaseless pounding of the water. MORE RAIN FOR STATE IS SEEN Week-End Forecast Made as Temperatures Continue Normal or Above. DES MOTNES, /t') -- Increasing cloudiness with some rain likely-that's the weatherman's week-end forecast for Iowa,. Temperatures, which climbed into the fifties and sixties Friday as spring took over the season, contin- .,,. « t . ucd at normal or above, and the ?i'--"official British j weatherman predicted above freez- 77i£ Weather FORECAST quarters announced Saturday that they had invited Adolf Hitler to make counter proposals to the tentative plan of the four remaining Locarno members. These official sources said that the Germans are free. to express their point of view and to make al- ing minimums Saturday night. There was a little rain in east Iowa Friday, Charles City and Dubuque each reporting .02 of an inch, Davenport and Keokuk a trace. Heart Attack Fatal. BLENCOE. dF)--A heart attack ternative suggestions for any pro-1 was fatal to Carl S. Hibbard. real visions in the Locarno accord which' they consider objectionable. Tempering the sharpness of the peace plan announced in the British white paper Friday, London sent word to the rcichsfuchrer that the interim period during which the proposed international force would occupy the Rhine zone would be "as short as the British can make it," and possibly only a few weeks. .Sl.ift.OOn School Burns. j PLATTSBURG. Mo.. i.P»--Plaits- ] burg's ?ir0,000 high school building General { was destroyed Saturday by fire of i | unknown origin. ' estate and livestock dealer here for many years. NEWS OF GAME Reports of the Mason City high school basketball team's progress against East Sioux City in the district finals game at Estherville Saturday night will be received at the Globe-Gazette at the close of each quarter. Reports will be sent immediately following each quarter of t h e district championship g a m e for the benefit of local basketball fans. IOWA: Increasing cloudiness with rain late Saturday night or Smiclay except unsettled in east central portion Saturday night. Somewhat warmer in west and south portions Saturday night and in extreme east Sunday. Colder in extreme west Sunday afternoon. MINNESOTA: I n c r e a s i n g cloudiness, rain or snow in west portion latr Saturday night or Sunday and in east Sunday: somewhat warmer in sonthwp'-l Saturday n i g h t ; somewhat colder in west Sunday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Saturday morning: Maximum Friday Minimum in Night At 8 A. M. Rainfall , Sfi 3-1 37 .08 Friday was distinguished in two ways, meteorologically speaking. First it brought 1936's 'initial spring rain. Second, it was the warmest day recorded since last autumn. | Friday's rain, incidentally, had a bit I of sleet, snow and slush in it. WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO, (.T--The weather out- j look for the period March 23 to 2S: i For tho upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys: Gene.raliy fair except, rain or snow about Wednesday or Thursday; temperatures j mostly near normal. Emphasizing the danger from pestilence, typhoid vaccine was rushed to New Hampshire areas from Boston by airplane. Continuing- rain s intensified the recurring danger, not only in New England but in upstate New York. Rising lakes in the Adirondacks and Finger lakes sections of New York brought fears of new disaster. Throughout the Johnston-Pittsburgh-Wheeling areas, the snow hampered rehabilitation. Blizzard Along Ohio. On down the Ohio river, as the flood crest reached Huntington, W. Va., and as the river inundated lowlands on down the valley as far as Cincinnati, the snow turned into a virtual blizzard. Red Cross officials, fearing many deaths from exposure, hastened supplies to the cold water swept cities. Stimulating the work of reconstruction in the devastated areas, President Roosevelt allocated 543.000,000 of federal relief funds to the works progress administration for repairs and replacements. In his order, the president gave blanket authority to the WPA to "restore roads, streets, bridges, sewers, water and electric works and other damaged public properties." 250,000 WPA Workers. Harry L. Hopkins. WPA administrator, told the president he could put 250.000 workers in the 10 states where property losses are heaviest --Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York. Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio. Mr. Roosevelt again postponed his fishing vacation cruise but arranged to leave Sunday if conditions warrant. Showing the effects of the flood on rich farmlands throughout the east. Massachusetts state agricultural officials estimated that the Connecticut river valley was losing soil at a terrific rate, enough to cover 20 acres seven inches deep every hour. Fear Greater Loss. Over the debris strewn areas of waste, rescue officials feared the loss of life xvould increase as workmen tore through the ruins of buildings and as rivers receded. A. survey showed the following death list for the affected states: Pennsylvania 113: West Virginia IS; Massachusetts 8: Maine 5; Vermont 5; Maryland 4; Virginia 4; Connecticut 3; New York 2; North Carolina 2: Georgia 2; New Hampshire 1; Ohio 1. NEW ENGLAND Heavy r a i n f a l l added t" the perils i at Hartford, where the Connecticut river tagod un-ibated at a record I iiigh. The city was nearly isolated.

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