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.vrjr - rorjk' zrcxt.w post. ' eoerta, yesterday, most dread a4 orninMa, mdtij ttus city. To - day aril, it expected, win brine - (rm tb north. lidioss eftba wort iitaipoA. LwtiSbt wi to tha fateffice. holder. dMpUtiuJ flUT, and many ft break fast tabU has smoked this BOtoIhj with roll un - toachad. If, jieradveotore, the pott arrive m tl course of th afternoon, tne pros wm ktaftily U ftffMUd ift iU co one, and the imper - ' taut tataRgtace be spewJi' J mterted. COJIMUNICAT10S. Mr. EdUarT - I was pleased jestsrday tnoroing with some tutorial remarks ia the New - York ' Gasetta, ea tba parniciotti consequences of io - loiters tickets coatrary to express tfctuteofUuiiUU. But judge, Mn Editor, of fey tarprbo, whose - turning to tho advertising colamw. of Ibo MO pP, 1 6d thl M - ton hod ire pUco to i fcrtigm Jotter advsr - ''llMMi, which b prstly tormddeabylaw. I 1 wfck reader them liable to o prooccnlioo. Vwhalprqwietycanainan complain of ho tDototorosiiic lb taw, when bob ia thodoDy practice ol tho same thing f rr - tin Bavins for tho advertisement may make mo dilbrMco. Howover 1 shall leave that portion hi a " able bead to dolonmino than Bine. ' ' ' .' ' v. Jl Lotttry - OJfu Ketper. Tho writer of tho not respecting tho Fed. relist, tor - ertjng ft certain atop to bo takes by the editor, at probably leading to tome duco - Srery of ovules, hr informed, that it hat long 00 beeft taken, but without any satisfactory ef fect.' JCrraa. la tho Utter published last evening ' ppoo tho affairs of Muth - America, the following typoeapoical errort escaped correction : la the 11th lioo of 8th Murarraph, for "wistaoiiy,'1 read "tssuWiy tM and m the 6th line of 10tb poiftjrrashfhuteadof "He ought uf to mnder - stand, read " ho ought hat to understand." V Ia one of the letten from Wubingtoa, published Jam evening, "Sanoni Court thould hava booa "Stmrtww Court. : GOVERNOR'S SPEECH. ' hla - CoWAV, - I eubmittod to tho public, throngh your valu able paper, a few daye tince, tome remarks in regard to that part of the governor' late peech which concerned impraonment for debt. It cannot bo oecewary f mo lo add any thing to ' What I bare mid, at order to anew uai our taw eVwt sot ruAVr croditon to funith nnfortonate debtor. . - , There would be no difficalty in ?ouig farther, and proving that a "commercial community can hordlr oxitt, wUhoat allowing aa arrest of tht paraoa in the ant isitance, in order to provide a oocority for the opvearaoce of the defendant ' whoftjadgmontohall bo prooouncodj and a (le - tontton of tho penon alUrwardi, kmg enough, to fttcertaia wuether there it not a fraudulent at of property. 1 ibouia, witnoui ne oitavion, oaite with tho governor and tho lower feowre in declaring, that, ia at much at fraud mm,,h ant la bo vrttvmtJl aninst any man, the - - Tit ii it TfomV LnSrr - i1iTiiffT1T - tho Bocoow rr oiamuntmn, ' 1 am hapPT to observe that the tenato have cautJoftely emitted to give their sanction to his xcollencyt declaration on me mtjeci, aaa 1 hoped too homo would nave oeea equauy caa Uoa - bt 1 regret to perceive that the gentle ' maa who drafted tho antwer to the rpeech, and who, I believe. It it pretty well nbdemtood, ba, girded ap hi loan for " the race of popularilj," Cat too loddealy fbllea la with what he imagrned tobr popular teotimoot. 1'ho truth is that DOM hat booa miitakeu for power, and that a vast majority of tho people in our ttato, who hare too leeai qaauncanooj lor electors ot re pre tentative, to tay nothing of tinnfretlxalier (wlic by the bye cMett tht governor) decidedly Uiiap Drove tho notioot which hare been lalrly tport - ed ob thti aeriow subject. The eareltttneu with which oar statesmen talk on this subject, is ell bot oaacoountable. " The theory of our ciVil code, aayi the answer of the assembly, " is in this respect scarcely lees barbarous than an ' that over existed." If this had been raid by an aaoavmoua newspaper wnter, like mvelf, it ' woakl not be strange, but it certainly it remarkable that such a libel against the staso should have proceeded from a part of the legislature Usoll. mere are lew men wno ao not kdow, taai la most of tho ancient ciriliicd states, actual ' jlarery was the punishment of those who would not or could not pay inetr debts, aad toat in moil of the modern civilised states, the debtor may . bo iaprisoaed not pat "on tho limits at the wll of the creditor. I hazard nothing ia asserting that there never r . 1 .u - r 4 I Was, tor any rail iniia oi uai, ui maj com ' mercial coantry, a miider srstem of impritoa Mat for debt than our owa. Abolish all anne Cesserv delavs, (same dehyt there matt be) in ' examining mto frauds, aad provide for tho tup ', port of the debtor, (who sweare bo cannot tup - 1 pert himself,) and the tytteat will bo perfect. The answer of tho home, after making the fttsertsoa above mentioned, goes on to inform us, ' that tho a creditor may not murder his (debtor, Ito may atrip him of all meant of subsistence, and . then confine him within the four fiafcee? walls. - 0V0. Our evsr - cbarred leelingt are not relier. d by any mformatioa ft to tho da ration of this cvTb.wUt dimmrTiH . . . . ..... ... wo had booa informed that in most case this ooofiaement amy bo termiaated ia 14 days (a tima not very extra ra net, since it mast be the rsme for tho most complicated tread, and for the clearest maooooce) aad ia all case, la three month. I bar emthlnc More ta add oa this subject, at tab mom tot. I hope to furnish you, without delay, a tew comments in regard to the forer - tur smarts oa (aaaotactaree. . , A those (abject are samimiof ft groat import aace m oar state, it b possible wo may ore long reseat oar sentiment to the pabbc ia relation to them, m a lona adauttmgof more extensive abcussim than caa well be made thro a daily mpm - K. Frern me KaUamX UuUigmerr, Feh. 18. The debate oa tbe bill lo M(aUih aa aaUbrti . tystom ot oaaxraptcy was yesterday contiaued ia the boose of rtpr tentative. Three rcntl. aeea delivered very forcible argomtots m oppo - itjoa to tb WUL No qaestioa ba yet been taken oa K. thoah a qoostioa b deoeadine. the deci. (ioa of which wUl settle, one way or other, the Kuem me otu m urn noose. COJfGMXS. 15 SENATE February 17, A rnsmaee, m writing, 0merted below m the pruceeilingt of the hoove of repretentativev) vw roomvod from t&e preslentol toe United flates, which, with document accompanying tba samp, wat reed. " Mr. Golditoroagh presented the memorial of the Ulberaua Society of BalUmore, prayiug a m ,t tUUnioaUrtBtiaiuar te Ihooa, xi in Ukt tamo territory at that p fayed mr Vj e S aw - Tort codety, preteoted y erteroay. , . . The senate UMS - Tesomea, m coauu.ti m.. whole, Mr. Macoa tho chair, the till pro - vidioj foe the aurviviog tovoloiioBary &n, TtusiMmadevesterdar oy nr.unnw doa, to amend tho bill to at to mdudo 4he imih - tmoTtlmrevmuuotHwaeBrssswuw - .Am.drfais. ha which Meeera, 0 - uTand 1 - ait opposed tho motioa, ttwatnegaUred si. nlM.it nmnosed to ttriko oat the words marineMsnd marine, to exdode theee classes from the beaefit of the prevision - JThe snotioa was supported by the mover and by Mr. Kirg, aad opposed by Meter. Tail, Eppe and Bam I, Aaameesboentwaethofttako up, reported by tho military committee, reqniriog tho pea siont sdreody granted by the geoeral and stale 1 sj noli, to bo rehhquished, tocatitloap .runt ta tke benefit of Ih's bill. Ttus proposition prodacod considerable die - cossioa, ia which Messrs. William, of Tom. Otk. Vandyke. Lacock, Talbot, Eape, Gokh berouf h aad Horril bore part. Before the qnestioo wa taken, tar. mis movea lonruxeowi me worv pad t ted," ao that ne proof of poverty bo r ouirod. Thii motioa wat advocated by Mem. Otis aad Daggett, and opposed by Meter. Wilton, Eppes, Morril and Talbot but before a aiscoastOQ wo puce, The senate adjourned. . HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, . February 17. Eremtite JVtuagn. A memaro - wat received from the president, enclosing a report of the secretary of state, trans mittior to nun Lb remainder 01 liis correspon dence between our miuitter in Spain and the British rovcrnment, touching Monllo't blockade of tho toothern coast. The document are net of much importance, but shall bo published at an early day. ' The following mottage wat also received from the president, by the banda of Mr. J. J. Monroe, hUtecretarr: . To tho Senate and House of Representatives of the United States. Waihinston, Feb. 12, 1818 I lav before conzresi coiiee of two communi catiou received at the department of state, from the minister of Great - Britaio, and submit to their consideration the propriety of making such legislative provisioni at may be necessary for a compliance with tho representations contained in them. Be the express terms of that compact, it was, when ratified bv the two rorernmenta, to be in force for the term of four yean from the day of its signature. Tho revocation ol an me aiscn - minating duties became therefore the obligation of both the governments from that day, and it is conceived that every individual who hat been required to pay, and hat paid, any of tho extra datie revoked by the convention, hat a just and lawful claim apoa the respective government rar lis return, r rom various Knuran, 11 iuu hapDened that, both here and in Great - Britain, the conation of the extra duties has been fixed to commence at different times. K is desirable that congress should past aa act providing for the return of all the extra duties incompatible with the terms of tho convention, which haro been levied upon British vessel or morchandia after the 3d day of July, 1815. Tho Bnusft parliament have already set the example of fixing that dav for the cessation of the extra datie of ex port, by their act of 30th of June last, and the minister of the United State in London it in ttructed to require the extension of the same principle to all the extra duties levied on vessels and merchandise of the United States, in the port of Great - Britain since that day. It b not doubted that the British rovemment will comply with this requisition, and that the, act eaogewed mat Me recipmcal measure will receive the sanction of the British parliament. JAMES MONROE. Mr. Bagot, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister rienipotentiary, to Mr. Monroe, .Secretary oi state. Washington, Noy. 18th, 1816. Sir I have ttie honor to call your attention to one of the provision of an act of the United States' Congress, pastvd the 27th of April last. entitled " An Act to rrinilate the dutii on import and tonnage," which appears to have originated in some misapprehension of the real nature of one of the principal manufactories of ureal Britain, and wbich ba had an operation not only very prejudicial to the British manu facturer, but contrary, as it should seem, to the spirit nd intent of the 3d article of the commercial treaty, By the Sd article of the commercial treatv between Great Britain and the United States, it is Stipulated " that no higher duties shall ba imposed on the importation of any articles, thi grow th, produce, or manufacture, of His ItriUnnic Majesty territories, in Europe, than are or shall be parable on the like articles, be - being the growth, produce, or manufacture of any other foreign countries." By the act oflhe United States, to which 1 have referred, it is, among other things, en acted in the 6th section, that, upon imports. tion mto the United States, iron' in ore and bolts, except iron manufactured by rolling, snail pay a uuty ot U cent per ca t. and that in bar and bolts, when manufactured bv rol. ling, aid anchor, it shall pay a duty of 150 cent per cwt It was probably not known that the bar and bolt iron, manufactured in Great Britain, it in tbe lahl process rolled, whereas the same ar ticle, both in Sweden and Russia, instead of being rolled, is, in the same process, hammered i hut when the iron is manufactured into bar or bolt, whether byrollingor hammering, ii i in precisely uie same progress ot manufacture, and is in every respect applicable to tne same purpose of use and ulterior manu faclnre, and consequently is, to all intents, i M Lke article," But, by the inequality of the duties which have been imposed, it teems to ! - '.b' - that foiled bar mid holt innuiniiturtm mnnf .rtti. hnnuirl thai iron it in a tace of manufiictu: e beyond that of hammered iron, and you will observe that thi supposition is strengthened by the cir cumstance of iu being classed with anchors, which are in a (Ute of complete and finished manufkcture, and are worth 35. per ton in the Brftisn market, whilst bar and bolt iron i on ly worth ML per ton. It it to be assumed that, whenever duties arc Imposed on any foreign article, in a gradu ated staie proportioned to its manufactured stale, it it intended that the duty thould bv regulated by that alone, and not by the pro - a eea a. - .a . cess oy wiucn u it oroagnt to tnat state. Iron, in a certain state of manufacture, u to be charged with a certain duty the mean of bringing it to that itste, whether by hammering or rolling, is not to be had in considera tion i tor, if it were, tbe enect would be to force each nation to use exactly the same pro cess, and. what certainly never could have been intend eJ, to check ana punish the ap plication or ingenuity and improvement. Considering, therefore, that the bar and bolt iron manufactured in Great Britain is, accord ing to the spirit and intent of Uie 2d article of! uie treaty of oom merer, in every respect a " like article" with that manufactured in .Vwe - ?i t1 Ru4si il u boped that such measures will be taken by the government of the United States, as will allow of its admission to impor - t?U0J V1 Mme rate of duty, and w ill place the Bntuh manu&ctnrer in that stale of equality, in respect to foreign nations, as may accord with the undoubted intention of the Ute treatyof commerce between the two countries. ! I . f . l Lava tht honor, to be, with the lugocst oc - - ." k :ri they thoold locceeu m vm mot obedient humblef - . ' " - JSL of meo - what, to Mituleraiion. lir.voar servant. ' . - tHAsu - r - a . ' - ......if n t tr. Barot. Envoy Extraordny and Minister rlenipotcnuajty, to far. aoww, u.j y ... .. . 1 u.d.w of State. ' t ... '. . . Wuhinpton. December 8th, 1817. fiieInmy letter to tLa Secretary of the IUn - t4ininl TState of the 9th of July. 1816. had the honor to point out the difference of the period at which eflect had been given, in the two countries, to the convention of the Sd of July, 119, awa 10 request maj suuiH - nwi - natinr duties of a nature similar to those do - scribed in tit Hoyat mgnnes me rriutc - goat' Order in Council of the 17th of August, IRK. which tniiHit have been levied between be Hate tf that order, and the 22d of the fol - lowing December, upon PUt imported into UM United state in uruiau pum auipa, uugu bywfijntVaf - . . no mention navmg ueen nuuc in aim nuju Ifghtieea'a Order in Council of alien tonnage duties, they were not adverted to in the application which I had then the honor to make i but at it wa known that they had in fact been remitted bv Great Britain, the American Legis lature, in strict observance of the spirit and in tention of the Convention, tnciuaea mem in the act naaied on the 3d of last March, autho rising the secretary ot tne i reasury 10 cause repayment to be made of certain alien duties - Rv this act. however, it wa only provided, that the alien tonnage duties levied upon Bri tish ahipo in American ports subsequently to the 17th ot August, J&eo, suouio oerciunucas whereas the same duties levied npon. American ship in British ports, were remitted from the date of the aienature of the Convention. In order, therefore, that His Majesty sub ject may partake of the full benefit of the re ciprocity intended oy we ixmvcfciioo, a u Ute honor to request, that remission may also be made of the amount of the alien tonnage duties which may have been levied upon British ships in the ports of the United State between the 3d of July and the 17th of - Vrgust, 1815. I have the honor to be, with the highest con sideration, sir, your moat obedient bumble servant. CHARLES BAGOT. The me are wa read and referred to the committee of way and mean. - Uniform Bankrupt Lmw, The remainder of the day wa spent in com mittee of the whole on the bill to establish an uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United States. Mr. Tyler moved to strike oat tho first section of the bill, and supported the motion by a speech of considerable lenetb. Mr. Holme, of Mass. followed in a speech of about the same extent, on the same tide ol tn question. Mr. Pindall next took the floor i and had spo ken for aa hour and a half on the tame side of the question ) when, having given way for a motion to that effect. The committee rose, reported progress, and obtained leave to lit again. Aoi the home adjourned. LKGISIJ11VREOF JfEfV'YORK. HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY February 18. The act concerning the New - York Firemen Insurance fJompany, was returned from the se nate with amendments, which were concurred in by the house. in pursuance of previous notice, Mr. Edwards brought in a bill entitled u aa act appointing a printer to this state, and for other purposes," wnscn was read twice and committed. The question wat then taken upon the resolu tion offered by Mr. Oakley on Saturday, relative to tne printing lor tne two nouses, and carried in the affirmative. TV Am fdilnrl of Jkm V - - 'l r. " TBS He'll AMOKS TBS TAILOBS." vtctuicotctv . i ncre is a mighty propensity growing np of late, to petition cwujrea for almost every thing in this world. Whenever people want land, they petition conerress s whene ver any revolution of commerce or change in, tbe relation! of different parts oflhe world, rircum - tcrioet me trade of any particular clas of men, they immediately petition congress. IVay, Mess. tumors, it an unreasonable woman chooses to Men her spouse with some nioeteen or twentv children, congress is called upon to sanction this enormity, py giving a bounty in lands, for the encouragement of all special breeders. .411 seem to want exclusive bounties or exclusive privileges the halter petitions for a monopoly of nats uie shoe ma leer lorja monopoly ofshoes" ana so wun aimort every class ol tradesmen. In .t.A rr - : - 1 . '. ... the market, they probably find it much easier to acquire, by petitioning congress, the salutary privilege of making their ware at bad at possible and nelling them for any price they please. This is pleasantly called making the country independent, by an approved modern patent method, that is to say, by making three - fourthi of the people dependent on the other, for almost all the conveniences of life. But I dWt mean to enter into this extensive subject. Mr ore - w I sent business is with the tailors, who have, at I I f1ii.DU MH3 u3UCf lugeirar U f HI - ladclphia, and most manfully determined to besiege congren TVith thimble and needle, to pass a law prohibiting the importation ef ready made clothes. Njw, ready made foreim clothe are already saddled with immcne duty, and yet it passed under my personal observation, not four months ago in Philadelphia, that ready made imported English waistcoats, in every respect equal to inose mauc oy our tailor, were bought by more than one gentlemen, for less than one - half the price charged by those exceedingly mo - ueu petitioners. 1 ne same disproportion wat observable in coats and pantaloon. Now, gentlemen, it b worth while to enquire, why such things are ? Taxed as every thing b in England up to the eyes, how happens it that, with all the costs of importation, added to a most heavy duty here, ready made clothes can be ent to this coantry and sold at half the price of domestic articles of tne same kind f How bap - pens it, sirs, that while every material employed in making these cloth ha fallen so enormously in this country, there should be so little difference in the price ef coats, &c at thU time, and when the materials were fifty per cent dearer.' The secret of the riddle will be found in the fact of every tailor's growing rich in a few years, by the inordinate usurious profits he exacts from his customers. It b these profits that they with to have lecured to them, by act of congress, solely no doubt on the score of maintaining the independence of their coatrtry ! Patriotism, gentlemen, carries a broad mantle like Charity, that coven at least one half the wiles ofselfchnest from the broad glare ofsumhine. It is under thi convenient cloak that people petition con - grew, for the privilege of rendering millions of eonnonrn inoulary to the inflexible cupidity of every class of tradesmen, or manufacturers, as they choose to call tbemselver, in thb an of U 1 - ' 1 M ' ms; woras. Bat, to the point. I happen to be neither merchant, cobbler, tailor, tanner, or manufacturer of any kind. I belong to a numerous class of men ia thb country : I mean tbe people who wear clothes when they can ret them cer tainly no smalt portion of the community, and withal possessing a reasonable vtViim to common futtice. Now, sirs, if thee tailor thould tuc - ceed in stitching congress into the fcldi of this unreasonable petition they design to present, in - We most not forget the paper maker for an additional bounty on paper, altho burdened already to the almost it can bear. Ed. E. Post. I stead of letting ifaeaueiTaa oe - - - 7 !I.unt What will tMCome of our past pot. , lha laosaaza OI a eret wtiwi tenty - what, mr, will become of our future an - cmtorf - what will become of the wearer, ol 1. la eoala. ami IOssac What will become of tho people who wearier waistcoat to their back, each with broach and . - e - at ft Ca mf I h hraut MS dl?ht. SOltJV IOT IM Duu wi nnra)n&Ma taiMT : oir, wm umra r ... .1 . , petitioa me, I would answer with the poet A vaont, and quit my sight, Thy bear are edgele Taoo hstaouireaaanaoeeui n uwm That Iboa dost stiich withal ! Approach thou like the dingy chimney sweep, Will, ruv and scraner . Or dare me to the shopboard with thy slieurs ir trembling I uihibit, then protest me The very both of a button - hole ' Hence, horrible tador neoc Your, reotlenen, BOBBY BREECHES. From the Auror, Feb. 18. AMELIA - ISLAND. Mr. Dnane Seeinr iathe public paper tome publications, which are not so wall adapted to make known the troth as to conceal it i tn which it Is held forth that com. Aury remains at Amelia Island, with the expectation ol having m.u island restored to the aotbority from which it was wrested, eontrarv to the lawi of nations, and the obligation of neutrality j I send you copies of 2 letters which have been some time in my nanus, and which I thould have preferred not to publish those letters, if the practice of misrepresentation had not rendered it necessary. It will be teen by those letter that it u not from choice that com. - florv or his vesteb remain at that place ; I shall just remark that had not the hostility of the United States taken place, that com. Ajiry did not nroooso remainintr there looser than A - nrunext: and that now ho has call upon mm (rom the ttato of which he b an officer, but which it b out of hit power to comply with, in consequence of the friendly protection extended to hit private property, by the neutral policy of tbe U. 8. governmeat. WUliU.I Extract of a letter from the United State of ficers commanding at Fernandina, to com modore Aury. Fsavaniva, Dec. 23, 1817 Sib At we shall have an opportunity to morrow or next da) to communicate with our government, we beg you to inform us when you will beready to leave the waters of the United States, to that we may give them that intor mat ion. ,Our orders appear to contemplate evacuation of the post st Fernandina by your com. mand, on the occupation of it by the U. States' troops i and at some difficulties to you may arise by protracting your departure, from causes that will present themselves to your mind, we expect that you will avail yourself of the facilities which we are disposed to extend to you at this tune, and will make your arrange menta to leave this place as toon a possible. We cannot for a moment believe, that our go vernment supposed you would delay leaving this place after the American flag was hoisted. To be explicit with you, might it not be a subject for consideration, how tar yoa would have tbe authority to leave the water of the United States with aa armed lore, alter a reasonable time el lowed t and considering the place . at appertain ing to the United States, might not some agent of Spain, accredited to oar government, require of the judicial authorities tbe detention of Span ish vessels which have been captured by your cruisers. These are subjects which have pre sented themselves to our minds, and w submit them to your cootiUeratioa. We have, Ac. Sc. .. . . .... , r. tt. , J. B. tic. General A. Fcai5DiNA. Dec. 29th. 1817. Gentlemen 1 have had Uie honor to receive your letter of yesterday, relative to the time by which I shall be ready to leave this place, witn the forces under my command. I moat sincerely regret, and certainly at much as yon, to be compelled, contrary to my expectation, to remain in this place longer than I at first anticipated but insurmountable difficulties for the present prevent my immediate departure. It it well known to you, gentlemen, that tbe greater number of my vessels are in - capaoie oi putting to tea without material repairs i 'and besides, the detention by Mr. Clarke, collector st St. Marys, of from 35 to 40,000 dollar value of property belonging to myself and other citizens, which w ere desti - i im. nilia m Iinr1t f ltt nnovnulor. a nanua.tn putt of delaying my departure. It is a fact that without these funds, I cannot only not repair my vessel, or procure the provisions I re - quire, but cannot even pay my personal expert ccs t without satisfying them, opposition will be made to my departure. A to the fear I ought to entertain, and which you have been so kind as to allude to, it b questionable whether the American government cau oblige me, not being or ever haviur ben subject to iu authority, to leave thb place in a manner tnat aught endanger my safety or that or the persons under my command, or compromise the ho rn r of my flag. Only force, and the violation of the most tacred rights, could authorise such i conduct, and I am fully persuaded, from the o pinion evinced by several honorable member of the congress of tbe United, that inch acts would De disavowed. As to those fears I may entertain of the Span Uh arenf. acknowledged bv vour rovernment. who might trouble and moleet a here ; I have only to trust to the justice of our cause. Have I of my free will tent those my property, into the American water f No. Violence alone has put them there, as well as those that may ar - rive oemre my aeparture; ana it contrary to your promise to respect private property, they were not so respected, I must again apply to the representatives of the American people - It will only add another grievance to those we nave received trom a government, which flora its constitution and from its principles, ought not only to respect but also protect us, since our motives are pure and laudable, and our cause that of mankind, as I have had the honor to thew to you. Therefore, gentlemen, if in spit of the abso lute impossibility of my departing before my pro geny ui ou aiarys oe retiorea to me, or uth - cient time be allowed m to procure funds from my friend or from the friends of our cause, which will require oa month at farthest, you conceive it necessary, after my assorance and my pledge of my word of honor in my own name and the name of my officers, to remain quiet and peaceful, and moreover, to give every assistance in our power) when required of ns, for public tranquility ; if, I say, contrary to this oath, you conceive it necessary ia order to comply with the commission entrusted to yoa, to take other measure of safety in regard to ns, you can act I will even constitute myself prisoner of war; but I must inform you, that I will protest against all measures which might tend to disunite the force; under my command, wtiich thereby would at once annihilate them. Tbe coasequeoces, therefore, will rest with yoa, or with those who have authorised yoa to actio a manner so hosblo and so contrary to tho interests of (ha state of South America. It not being my view to encrease my force, but merely U use the vctwili under the in dependent flag, this oujht not, nor caa be opposed, in my opinion. I hate the tc (Sgned) AURr. Com. J. P, ITealy, and roajar J. BauVhciJ. SECOND EDITION. - J o'clock, t. M. ' Norttiera Mao jutt arrived. . . FROM OUR CORRESPONDE NT. . Daily Advertiser office, I . - . Albany, Feb. 19. S a - . - f n" - rt n the list of appoint - a. k. i.m.nril vrsterriav. it will be orcma T . . . .... ,. , 'i nl nrisl Ctquire, i appointed mayor or the city of New - J hjii.;i. rnnmiulate the inhabitant ol that city, upoa thi. appo..dme.,, , w; .can l ui .. iimn nv . , , K.mala ma exaaa WlA1 1 17 1 IliMl Wk Ul UVIlwi iruiftJ a asw vvi sv , . Uie council of appointment coatioue to elevate tucb men to office, their conduct will receive Uie onivenal approbation of the virtuoua and high - minded of all partiet. ' 77i lice Prtrident By the new - iors papers, we at length learn to a certainty, that Vice President Tompkins da taken hit departure for Washington. Tuesday was the day on which tbe citation servt d upon him from the rAnntrollerwas returnable. We hope his ex cellency has taken measure to adjust hi ac count with the comptroller, as we snomu regret to see the name of the second magistrate in tho nation nnnn his books a a public defaulter. Little bimnen of importance was transaciea in the house of assembly yesterday. APPOINTMENTS . By the honorable the Council of Appointment, renmary iu, iuiu. SHERIFFS. Albany Isaac Hemptead Jefferson David I. Andrn Lewi Levi Adam Onondaga Jona Earll, jun. Rockland John B - Haring. St. Lawrence David C. Judson. Greene Jacob Haicht. Niasrara Jame Cronk. Joseph W. Moultoa a commitsioner to do certain duties of a judge of the supreme court. Greene Martin G. Scliuneman, loan com - missioner. Albany and Schenectady James V. S. Ri ley, loan commissioner. Nicholas Beck, m t n chanceiy, vice Aom. necx, i csigiieu. . . m a 1 Washington Lewi bheaver, Josian anei - j den, and David Chase, justice of the peace - Joseph B. Lathrop, public notary. Albany Henry tjheitt r, master in chancery. Herkimer Ebem zer Hyde and Orin Hall, justices. Fli Priest, inspector of beef and pork, toperteded. Rensselaer Calvin Barker and John Stewart, directors of the bank of Lansin - burah. Nathan Daucbv, AsaKeilocg, Jun. and John T. llote, Directors of the Bank ol Troy. New - York - Cadwallader D. Colden, Mayor. Jonathan Kitteredge, Public Notary. Charles W. Wooster, resigned at Fort Warden. Uutcnett - r - jobn t . schnver. a judge ana lat tice. Oatano George Goandry, Matter in Chan cery. . LEGISLATURE OF NEW - YORK, HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY, Tuesday, Feb. 17. Two several petitions of John Swartout and other, praying for the improvement of the breed of horse., and also for a repeal of the act prohibiting course racing, passed in 1802. Referred to Messrs. Golden, Koch ester and Jones. Sundry petition of many inhabitant of tbe county of Chenango, praying for the establishment of a bank,' at tbe village of Norwich. Referred to tbe committee oo bank and currency. Mr. Colden gave notice that he should oa a fa - tore day ask leave to brine in a bill entitled " an act to amend an act relative to the harbor mat ter, and master and warden and pilots of the port of New - York. Mr. Ulshoefter, from uie committee to wnom was referred tbe petitioa ol the New - York Typo graphical Society, reported favorably thetcon, and leave being given. Drought in a Din lor ine incorporation of said society. On motion of Mr. Oakley, ReaolveJ. Th HU wVeellir ! Omw nor fee rejected to cause to be laid before thb house a statement of the proceeding (if any have oeen bad) of the commissioner hereto fore appointed, in persuance of a joint ri solution of tbe Senate and Assembly, to inves'ij gate the claim or John Jacob Aitor, to certain lands in the countv of Putnam. The remainder of the day wa occupied up on the bill for the relief of Eunice Chapman. In senate yesterday, the bill for amending or repealing the duelling law, was under conside ration a hort time. Mr. Tibbiti spoke against the bill, and Messrs. Swift, Bates and Young in favor of it. Tbe committee rose nod reported. ind the bill wat made the order of the day for ionuay next. " UTICA. Feb. 17 F.xtcution The execution of the prisoner at Rom, was to have taken place on Friday lat. but was prevented by the pardon granted by the legislature. 1 his pardon was received by Mr, &herifl Cooper on Wednesday evening, and was communicated by him to the prisoner the next day. O'Brien said that he was sorry that he had made op hb mind to die, and that he pre ferred death to perpetual imprisonment. But as it was the will of the Lord, ht would submit We hare received Charleston papers to the 15th instant, by the brig William, in 5 days from that rt. CatBtasToif, Feb 14. Arrived, brig Sarah - Ann. (ot rorumouiti, N. h i Hanks, Antwe p, 6'J days. Dece nber 5, in the river, spoke ship Jame M, 34 dav trom fhiladelphm for Ant - wsrp. The ship Freedom, Blunt, for St I'ees si d the U. States, sailed from Flushing Dec 15 Brig Atlantic, Bailey, N Yoi k 8 dav. Sch Columbia, Jocelin, N York 14 day Capt. J. has experienced very boisterous wea ther, in which he lost his toretop - mast and fore sail and on Thursday night, lost overboard a teaman, named Nathaniel Ken is ton, of Deer Uie, District of Maine. Feb 10, lat 33, long 76, spoke ship Financier, from N Orleans for Philadelphia. Sch Six Sinters, Mayo, Baltimore, 20 day. Tbe S. S. experienced' very bad weather and 3 gales of wind, one of which wa tremendous - her tails are much torn, lost yard and topmast and one man named Simeon smith, who was knocked overboard by the boom. - He wa a - bout SI years of age, anativeof Orlean. County of Barnrtable, Mass. On the 11th inst. lat 31 40, long 7d 20, poke brig Sally Ann, Carter, from Savannah had lost her spars she intended to make the first port to repair. Schr Blazing - Star, fenow, Baltimore 13 days. SloopVire'mia Trader, CaswelL New - York days. O ft the 6th uaL off the Cape of Virginia. tpuke a schr from Boston bound to Norfolk - blowing fresh, did not learn her name. Sloop .Sally - Cook. Cook. Washincrton. N C 4 day. The loop Cordelia, cpt Cook, towed into Ocracock about the 5th init the tloop Lady - Wsshi ngton, of NYork dUmasted. Thev tailed together from Ocracock bound to New - York, and having encountered a sever irale. bad to throw over their deck loads and put back. 1 Steam - Boat Charleston, Rogers. Savannah (inland) 2 day. On Thursday afternoon, in or tn UJisto Inlet, was boarded by a boat from Hie Swedish Drig Frede. 54 dav from Ant werp, bound to Savannah, with a cariro of Iron. then at anchor within the Bar, w ith 'he lost of her main - mast and rudder. The captain was afraid she would strike at low water a site wa then riding in 2 fathom at hith t dc . - there was a sloop near her. The brig Mimroe, 15 dav from Boston, and 3 or 4 coasting schoouers, were coming u;i last evening. Savassab, Feb. 11 Arrived brig Adeline, Rich, Boston 13 dav; brie Fentbpe. To lev. Tuoaattown, Mair.e,21 days. irtMNU POST MARINE LiX - CLEARED, ' Ship Ana - Maria, Waits, iverpM v Joo. slack Schr Milo, Beetle, Savannsl A lift I r ED T1U8 llWi'WOA, Shin Caledonia, Noyet, 14 dart from ChariM. ton,, with rice and cotoo to R Dickey, jfaibj in co. ship Cleopatra, ana enopnon, of Ntw York, both for Europe. Ppoke nothing. Tin Caledonia put in in consequence of having sprun, .l.b ... IiaiiiuI tn Uverruwif. . Brig William, Wilson, 18 day from Charles, ton, with a fall cargo of rice, to A G Pbein, owner, J W Schmidt &Co. Buck ft Coit, gl,' tnt. Son Co.. Passenger, Mr. John Kelly. Tb, William experienced severe weather during ih, whole pape. OffCape Halt eras, in a stveri gale, sprung her topmast and ttove in all her bul wark. On the 8th inst. experienced a seven gale from N. W. with 4 snow torm, and wl! Clown off the coast. On Sunday, the 16th inst anchored, with a gale of wind from N. W. 0t Sandy Hook Light, and remained at anchor ao! til 9 A. M. whea we were obliged to cut her cable and put to tea, oo account of all the crew but one)ing frost bitten and unable to do duty Hermaphrodite1 brig Juno, Joy, from. Fred.' ricksburgh, and 9 dayt trom tbe Cape. jta flour and wheat to Pvge & Triplet. Sailed ia co. from the Cape witb brig Rising Sua, frost Alexandria, for NYork, and a schr uoknowa. - . Last night to the outbward of Sandy Hook, is mile, saw a brig with tbe bead of her fore - top. mast gone. Brig IUing - 8un, Low - , from Alexandria, aad 9 days from the Capes, witb flour and flaxseed, 10 Rankin it Hyer, and W Will on & Soo. - Z Spoke nothing. ? . Brig Wm. Henry, Morey, 13 dayt from & Croix, wis: end, with rum and sugar to "Reed k Depeyster, A Depeyster, O W Lynch, T Moore, W L Perry, S Bailey, Curtis, Crommthn Si Co and the master 1 - eft brig Cmb. Barry, loading for Phiiad. Markets, com meal fa t Hoar u , pprk in demand. Brig Kiiinucier, Robertson, from N Orlean. 20 dayt from tbe Halite, witb tugar, cotton, to. bacco, frc. to Ripley, Center Jt Co. A Lamat 4 F Roe, DHHuWrd, unswold SCoates, La Roy. Hayard ii Co, Robertson & Rbinelaader, II W Field, Hyde k NeVia, G Gallagher, J D UUf, jr. Loorui Si Learned, Dicks, Lawrence Sz Co. G. Robinst.a k B bnell. Feb. 6, lat . 4, spoke ship Atlas, Gun, It dayt from N Or - leans for Gibraltar was boarded by the Patriot privateer schr Hornet, and treated politely. - . rassengers, ::win. nwrason, auu uams. Sch. Abigail, Stow, 18 day from West End, St. Croix, with rum and sugar, to P H NJ. cols, T Knox, B De Forest, P V Subline, E Milnor. and Mr. Stowe Lett, ship South Ci olina Packet, Cartwright, for N York 10 days s brigs Midst, Nickerson, Boston, waiting frcichl. Advance, do 10 day f - om. Bam. Ray, Philadelphia, uncertain i Edward, Hunt, from Newhaven, discharging j Wm. Henry, tor N York, 3 day , tchr Planter, Goodwin, Bo, ton & davs Clio. Hancock, do 15 dun Mer. celua, DockindortT, sailed for Savannah, same day. Saw an American brig beating in. Scb. Humming - M iro, marsnaii, a day trom Petersburg, with flour and cotton, to Walsh Gallagher, A. Davit, and 9 k J Schmidt k Co Lett at llamptpn Koaus, a snip oouna up, un known. . ' Schr. Morgiana, Lowth, 2 day from Porto r jr.. ....i..t. ttswfiM.M Sr W.I a IV U, Willi IUIKV muM m. wa, of Philadelphia, where the vessel wm bound i ...... .n nr mVatIi cargo; achr Aldebaron, Morgan, ofCastiae.de i chr Felicity, Smart, of NYork, do; schr. Kbit Aon, Coit, or Baltimore no ; amp racaei, m is. Vnrk. Briir Osweeo. of Baltimore, bad arrived fmm Cadis, ia 39 day, aad tailed for Havana witb passenger, t'rortuce scarce ana oign - ; mericaa produce low, $ 14, beef Ii, pork I IS to XU. I nere was a rainui oruj rmaa the Island, bad bonrded several vessels, in Morgiana experienced very severe weather, aM the crew frost - bitten, and sprung her foremast io 3 placet. GuV. TobIIm, (Ivyl. a Uye fnm OhvaartSB, with drygood, moiasaes, rice, etc, to S Alley, owner, F 11 k L Clark, Both Coir, 8 De. gleiih. P Lergett, Salts, Soa k Co CaJder, M'trea Co Irving, WBim nouw, t reaiar, M llerrill, J Mount, aad others. Passesurett, J Maadeville, C VV Van Kaast, C Heary, U Min - siea, A Barclay, W H Raymond. A Hirtt, J Hyde, H loUiit, J C Bate, A M Andler, D Forbes, G Crane, H. Fowler, and 3 io the teer age. Met, going in, on Areihuaa, crown, trom New - York. Left schr Margaret, Vail, for flew York in 3 day t brig Minerva, for dt ia B. evhr Union, Mrrtcreau, 3 a ay from oraxa, with thinglei to the master. Schr Blakely, Coffin, 30 day from Wilming ton, with tobacco, rice, gin, cotton, Itc. to Bur - rill k Cahnone, GGfcS Howland, II W Field, J Hamilton k Co. Wilson Tbompsoo, Clap - man 4i Lord. Jan. 31, ran foal of a tlonp at 3 F. M. carried away (jib - boom sed end oi bowsprit did not learn where the tloop was frost, nor ber nam. The Blakely, bat been blown off 4 time. ...... BELOW, Brig Hammond, from St. Croix. 1 schooner. The sch Laura, Moore, which rived at 5 - vannah on the 8th inL during the bad weather was obliged to throw over 38 bag coffee and two hhds. rum rest of the cargo afe. . ARRIVEU - 47' P.Vj.VTV. Ship Washington, Forman, CO days fr. forrrios, with dry roods, paints, tic. to J. Given, J. CCakV weU, T. Mair, U ickham u Co. B. F. Ferrand, J. N spier si Co. II. kG. Barclay, D. S. Kroed v. R f. Mullcr, CaldelriKh it Thomas, H. W. DelafWU, Hurd k Sew all, Stewart k Carlroell, W. B. GiHer, Collins k Co. J. Alexander, Trokes, Davidson h Co. P. Buruell, G. A at or, J. it 1. D. Wolfe, H. Howe, G. Thurburn, W. Stoddard, Robertson k Kelso, J. Waddington, R. Roroeyn, R. Gillespie, Geo. M. Wilson A. Bell, J. Eastman, G. New by, Pruic k Co. Seaman it Tobias, J. Bowerbank, D. Oakev. II. W. Field. Ti. E. Norman. W. Mercein, J. k W. B. Post, J.Tracy ,J. Lambert, J. Forman, ' r. Hempen and others, rasseurrrs, Mm cnr lotte Bingham, Mine Sarah and Elisabeth Nee - gle, Mesn James Rirsscll, Charles Wesley, Robert Brirht, A. B. Spence, J. Cooper, and 17 ia the neerage. ieu, snip v - nanrm, n nrw aura., Savannah tOth Dee : shin Erin. Hutvev. of and . . . r. . . r . i. for New York 20th Jan. Spoke Jan 14, lat 40, Ioa 43, ship William, Asliford, of and for Liverpool, 13 days from Norfolk. Feb. 1, lat 38, 9, Ion 68, 30 bnjr Elisa, of and from Boston for Mobile. Ship Prudence, Field, 11 days from Savannah, witb cotton, rice, deer skins, to G. Wrarg k Beck - ley, T. Carpenter k Son, J. Jones k Son, E. FUb - ' er, Howard k White, Townsend k White, N.8 D.Talcotf.Grisold kCuatrsfJ kC. Bolton, A. - Lrlevre, W. Veraon, W. Colgatek Co. II. Barclay, A. k G. Whitney jand Byrnes, Trimble k Ca. Passengers, Mrs. Calsey, Atkinson, FaJIsbory aad Hunter Sailed in co. with schr Milo, Pease, far New York. Left brig Levnnt, for do. in 3 day britr Adeline, just arrived from Boston. ' ' hhip Virginia, Ridgwav, 17 days from St. Croi with rum and sugar, to Melick k' Rogers. LeD rt Bass End, ship Chase ; brig Commerce, and several eastern vessels not recollected. A .V F.iwl liin SrMiftt fttrAlins Sa - Ir , - lirlv William and Henry, both for N. York. Brig Hammond, , Iro . ork, sailed i davs be lore. m , Ship Com Rodgers, Sends, 10 days free : Marys, with lnp timlier, to 11. Eckford. lre . brits Com. Dec I or, Dugan ; and Com. Porter, Doan, both for N. York, uncertain ; brig Commerce, of Boston, for N York, in a few days; sears - Col. Lowry, ef Bait, for Savannah ; Rruutnusce, for St. Jolins, uncer ; and several others not recot locted. The Patriot privateer Mexican Coogre Com. Tarter, wa 6tling at Amelia fot a The residue of tlie pa i rut squadron were tiu iarlhere. passeneer Mr. Arur Burr. " Ship Thomas - Wilon, iroia fort Ulaseow, wbr - was acrounJ in the bay, got off yesterday ssoro - tnr, and came up last evening. ., Brig Pocahontas, Post, 00 day from , wi.h vines, linens, ke loS. k J Srerth k Co. M'BrUe, KHlev k M'Bride, R, M'Clintock, J - t,'bar1ert,J.Cootb,J. Hamilton k Co. II. J" m, H. Herrinrt.Mi, W. - .i. Jmea, Jr. T. DiOno, A. - Bell, T. Sufferu, W. kti. R. Ricketts, Ii MYickar k Co. F. Thompxwi. end In order. Left, this, Newmau, for N. York, 'JOth Jao. ; ship T - , bot, Gardner, for Norfolk, 15lh Jan. Spohe Jaa - 1 1, lat. . 40, K - n. K. Sf, cbr. ItcWirt'ton, "Jay . frani Ilvm - Hiih for GilHaitnr. Feb. 1:1, Cape Itew ry Uzi'uiz 3 W. uiMwit 10 k - aie', aw the m"