The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 5, 1931 · Page 3
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 5, 1931
Page 3
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MARCH 5 ·1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE itemt (Ettg A. Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week , Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St Telephone No, 3800 WILL, F. MUSE .'.... Editor W. EARL HALL .. .Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS .Business Manager ME.MBEK OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all loca} news' published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily, per year. $7.00 Daily, per week 15 Ontsido of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier .$7.00 Daily, per week by carrier 15 Daily, per year by mail · 4.00 6 months, 52.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month ... .50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months. .; ?3.25 3 months..: 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason' City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter Woman's at best a contradiction still. --POPE EDUCATION BY INQUISITION H ERE are just a few random reflections on the so- called investigation of the University of Iowa made after sitting in on a half dozen sessions of the hearing. · * * Mr. Kelteher at the opening session made loud professions about his passion to keep the investigation on a "fact-finding basis." And then proceeded to conduct the questioning of witnesses just as he would in building up a case against any person accused of murder. One extremely interesting contrast in the $2,000 daily expense bill for the investigation was provided by the items relating to the Chicago detective, Lapitz, and the board of education. Mr. Lapitz is receiving $25 a day plus expenses. Eight members of the board of education are receiving a total of '$40 a day for their services. And that includes their expenses, * * * While it -may be unsatisfactory to the Cedar Rapids forces, a private business would leap at the chance to obtain the services of a building committee made up of George T. Baker, one of the state's outstanding builders, E. P. Schoentgen, a graduate of the Massachusetts College of Technology and nationally known as on architect, and Mrs. Pauline Devltt, whose studies of dormitory needs and construction have made her an able authority on the subject. Consider any of these alongside those who are making the attacks on the university! i. * * * Who can explain the strange mental workings be- liind those accusations, made in apparent earnestness? Why-would the state board of education wish to defend graft and duplicity by those in charge o: ,the university administration ? And by -what strange power i'4s It that President Jessup holds the undivided Mr. \Jessup 1 ^beifig^ about it. Prom any of a\ dozen sources that writer could have learned that the error thru which a slab of cement was elevated too high was made by the architects and that the cost of the reconstruction was assumed by the architects. Not a penny was lost to the university. The facts of the case, by Mr. Marshall's own admission, were known on the day after the al- eged expose. But so far as can be learned, they were never presented to correct the wholly false and unfair riginal story. Other charges have withered and van- shed. Others will. * · · Thruout this case the. Globe-Gazette has made a ipecial effort to keep Its news handling of the investi- fation free from partiality or prejudice. Our own views have been confined to this department. We have conceived it to be our right to fie for the university here as clearly as it is our duty to present the disinterested news on other pages. This latter is a duty which ranscends all else in Journalism. In the Globe-Gazette files are letters directed to us by residents of the city rom which the anti-university campaign has emanated. In them are protests against the one-sided story presented there by the daily newspaper. These constitute evidence, if not proof, that readers hold to the Globe- Gazette's theory of fair news handling. It will not matter much if a few or if a great many disagree with our editorial slant on the university situation. But, rrankly, it would be disturbing if it .were generally felt that the Globe-Gazette had not done an honest and square job of presenting the news of the investigation 5 *^ -The f{let. -ia.; tual tlie one greates OTHER EDITORS TAX CONSCIOUSNESS AND TAX INTELLIGENCE Ed M. Smith In VVinterset Madlsanian: It is probably within the realms of truth to say that nothing approaching the ideal in taxation, may be accomplished until we have general tax consciousness which is a prerequisite to tax intelligence. The immediate answer 'to the above statement is likely to be "well anybody should know that taxes are too high." Probably true but so long as taxpayers do not know or will not acknowledge responsibility for taxes in their own city anjd in their own schoo district, they will'listen to the I politician who makes the most alluring promises, rather than to listen to the simple truth which is not so pleasant to listen to no so flattering to the tax intelligence of the voters as a whole. For instance there is at this time great straining of eyes toward the state capital. It is proposed tc "relieve" property taxpayers by another tax of whicl at least one half will be paid by the property taxpaye directly, to say nothing about those who will eventu ally pay when passed on as business overhead. Then we turn to our own .tax records here in Winterset to find that the total property tax levy fo the past three years was as follows: 1928, 173 mills 1929, 199.8 mills; 1930, 206.7 mills. In other words th increase in one year 1928 to 1929 was 26.8 mills o nearly five times the levy reduction hoped for in an individual income tax. And %vhen we say "hoped for," we have in mind that in no one of the 19 income tax states, has the property tax been appreciably reduced. And 1 to those deluded with the idea that the income tax will be popular, we .call attention to what it will mean to thousands of Iowa farmers, who to comply with the law, must keep accurate account of the butter, the cream, the eggs, the meat, etc., raised on the farm and used on the family table and that our neighboring state of Wisconsin has 214 regular full time tax employes, many of them riding the state in official cars to snoop and to check on farm earnings and other earnings. All this in the hope of reducing the state levy by an amount which is less, than-three percent .of the total tax levy in Winterset. , : Now.if Winterset taxpayers are really interested in learning where the increase of 26.8 mills between THE OLD HOME TOWN . . . . . . By Stanley NOW, CAN YOU THAT! ILL. B^r THAT auri CAME FR.OM "P3HT - NOl VOLUNTEER FIBE OH CH1EFX I DONT THINK YOU ·SHOUL.P USE THAT HOSE I SEE IT HAS A )N IT'. PAT-A-CAKE. BERTIE BLOSSOM, THE NEVJ DRY GOODS -STOKE MADE HIS AS A RECRUIT AT -me LOCAL. FIRE PRACTICE" TODAY-- Thousands of government expert** arc working conntanfly for the benefit of all flUlzcn» of Hi« I'nltfd KtriteH. Tlicy will \vark directly for you If you will call for Ihe fniUs of ihclr. labors thru niir Washington Bureau. State your Inquiry briefly, write clearly, and, lodofUnj; Z rent alnmp for a personal l i t t e r In reply, address the Glabe- (luzctto Information Hurieait, Kredi'rie J. HUN kin, Director, Washington D. O. DIET and HEALTH element of his greatness, his ability to command the -0 -··~ ."-.*..«= ^ *,«.« mui a uci-weeu confidence and respect of those for whom he works J 9 . 28 a . nd 193 9 y ere expended, they con get it from the and. of those who are responsible to him. , * · * ! · i If there were not present in every phase of the three or four-sided attack on the university a clear cut selfish motive, the campaign against the university would be given greater weight. · · * Before the hearing was three hours old, the humor involved in the resolution's provision that the investigation was to be "in the open" became apparent. The employing of a Chicago detective, or rather sparing accusing forces the expense of keeping that detective in their own employ, was another departure from the spirit which was supposed to motivate the investigation. And the seizure of not only the records but the duties of the administrative officers at Iowa City this week completes the travesty. The «country at large is chuckling, even as it has chuckled at Louisiana and Carolina's "education by investigation" in recent months. Fine advertising this for Iowa! · f * All witnesses thus fir called have been for the prosecution. The university has not had an opportunity to present its side of the case, except in so far as Mr. Tinley, who stands out as one of Iowa's most able lawyers by reason of his work in this trial, has been able to clear the issues by cross questioning. All testimony has been designed to support the charges made against the state board and the university. Yet in spite of this, the case could be brot to an end this minute and none of the accused persons would stand convicted in popular opinion or before a fair jury of any damaging charge. In other words, the prosecution could be accepted as a satisfying defense. But it will not be. -, * * · Persons not unfriendly to Governor Turner are voicing the opinion that if confronted with the same - situation again, he would consent to a conference with the state board of education before dignifying unsupported charges against the university by calling for a legislative investigation. While Mr. Turner gave over many hours to the story of the chief accuser, he has not up to this time so much as met with the accused board of education or with individual members of that board as such. He could have learned in a half hour that the major charges were without foundation and in a half day he could have learned that the entire structure of the case was without a supporting leg.- He might have desired an investigation--but not the type of investigation he got. · · · Along the same line, it is a commonly held belief that the investigation could have been brot to a close in short order if the university had been permitted to present the facts of the case in the opening session of the hearings at Des Moines. Such course would have precluded the long hours of tedious testimony which fell under its own weight or which will fall-in the face of documentary evidence when the university has its inning. As a sample of the manner in which charges have faded out under the influence of fact, consider the cement work done west of the Old Capitol. Accompanied by pictures, charges of gross inefficiency against the superintendent of buildings and grounds have been drawn. Estimates of huge wastes to the university have been made. . Columns were written following official record's: Winterset 1928 State and County 37 City 52.8 Cemetery and library ,, .. 6 Drag Tax l School 76.4 Tax Millage 1930 36.9 49.8 6 1 113 Total Millage 173 206.7 WHERE THE TAX MONEY .GOES S\vea City Herald: In a discussion of taxes, Swea Cityans are reminded of these cold figures: Last year 47 percent of the money we paid in taxes went to support the Swea City consolidate* school; 33 percent went to support government in the town of Swea City, and the remaining 20 per cent went to county and state gbvernments. Accordingly eighty per cent of the money we paid in taxes last year was spent right here in Swea City. What are we going 1 to do about it? Neither the officers of-the school district nor the officers of the town can be charged with gross extravagance. We have elected them to do certain things for us. These things cost money. We are definitely committed to this proposition-. If we want town government to function efficiently, and if we want good 1 schools, there is no alternative but to pay the bill. NEW PHEASANT LAW Hurt Monitor: If a bill passed by the Iowa house becomes a law, farmers'will be entitled to kill and eat pheasants which are destroying grain or crops This of course means that the farmer can kill and eat pheasants when he wonts to, because there is hardly a season of the year when pheasants might not be destroying crops, and it would be imposible in any particular instance to prove that they were not doing so. No one will begrudge the farmer the right to use these game birds which feed- in his fields As a matter of fact that is precisely what the average tarmer has been doing for years. It is doubtful if legalizing the game will make it taste any better. HE WOULD HAVE ASSAILED LINCOLN Iowa Bystander: Had Lincoln been living toc,av Senator Wheeler xvould have been Just as levere a critic of his policies as he is of those of President Hoover. Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America DIET TESTS POSSIBLE IN HOME a person who has frequent attacks of ·J hives or attacks of asthma decides that these attacks are due to sensitization to some sort of food he _--. _ eats. He does not know what food ;t is and wants to find out for cer- :ain. How does he go about it? The doctors who specialize in this kind of work usually do it by skin tests; It was found that in people who are sensitive to foods the skin will give an Inflammatory reaction if the offending substance is scratched into the skin. These skin tests are, however, long drawn out and necessarily expensive. They are also, as has lately ben suggested, not always reliable (in an articlrf by Feinberg--"Uses and "l Limitations of Skin Tests in Aler_ · fry," Journal American Medical Dr. Clenaeriing ^ s ° cla "° n . November, 1930). With " · these disadvantages m mmd it is possible for the patient to test himself with the so- called elimination diets of Rowe. These diets are based on the principle that certain foods frequently cause the allergic symptoms and others seldom do. The latter are selected to be used in the diet. The patient stays on the diet for some time. If no asthma or hives appear during that period it may he assumed that that they'were caused by foods not in the diet. Other foods are then cautiously added to the diet. When the offending food is added, the symptoms should appear. The villain is then unmasked, and can forever be avoided. Let us see how one' of these diets works in practice. Several of them were given in the article yesterday. We will choose Diet No. 2. Cereal: 'Corn, tapioca; bread: corn pone; meat or fish: bacon, chicken; vegetables: squash, asparagus, peas, artichokes; fruits and jams and fruit drinks: jineapple, apricot,' prunes; miscellaneous: sugar, olive or corn oil, salt, corn syrup. It will be noticed that all dosses of food are repre- lented--cereals, bread, vegetables, meats and fish, fruits and condiments. So a reasonable variety is possible. One important warning is necessary. The patient must get enough to eat. Sugar never gives allergic symptoms and olive or corn, oil seldom docs. So here we have a carbohydrate and a fat--both good energy producers and both should be eaten in sufficient amounts to prevent weakness or loss of weight. The olive oil should be substituted for butter in cooking the foods. Well, for breakfast you can have sliced apricots or pineapple; corn meal mush; a crisp slice of bacon. For lunch: chicken, peas, corn pone, artichoke salad with French dressing (using corn oil) and apricot preserves. For supper: Chicken broth, chicken and bacon, hominy grits, asparagus, fruit salad of apricots, pineapple and artichoke, and prunes for dessert with sugar. Corn pone is made with cornmeal, salt water and vegetable fat. If after a few days' trial of this nothing happens, diet No. 1 can be added in toto. This gives a larger variety. Rice and rice breacL can be used alternately with corn and corn bread. 'Lamb for another meat, lettuce, spinach and carrots for other vegetables, and lemons, pears and peaches for other fruits. Then with diet No. 3 added there is enough variety to suit nearly any taste. The articles missed most will be wheat bread, eggs, milk and dairy products and tea and coffee. If, however, after a trial of some weeks there are no symptoms, these should be added to the diet one by one. They are the most frequently offending substances, and if a person is sensitive to any one, the familiar symptoms will return as soon as it is added to the diet. ' EARLIER DAYS Ruing a Dully · Compllnllnn nf Interesting Items from thi "Twenty Years Ago" Files of HID llol)e-(iuzclte. MARCH 5, 1311" Q. How many horses have run in one race? C. G. A. In the Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool, England, in 1929 there were 66. Q. In playing bridge should one complete the cut, or merely cut the cards and let the dealer finish the cut? B. P. E. A. The laws of auction bridge and of contract bridge define the cut in the same way. Law 12. (2) dealer, immediately before the deal, places the pack before his right hand o'p- p'onent, who lifts off the top portion and places it beside the bottom portion toward dealer, who then places the bottom portion on top. Q. How miuiy soldiers died of ill) during the World war? W. \V. A. Estimated at 17,000. Q. Upon what dhl English people sleep before tho introduction of beds? Z. F. A. In the time of the Normans, chests and benches were used for beds. The bedding was kept inside. Q. Uy -what process can handwriting greatly faded by nge be mudo legible? H. P. D. A. When writing on old manuscripts has become faded and illegible it can frequently be restored by the following method: Lay the paper as flat as possible and dampen it evenly with clean cold water. Brush over the writing with a flat camels-hair brush dipped in a solution of sulphide of ammonia, then the writing will immediately appear plain and readable. Th'e effect on parchment is usually of a lasting nature but fresh applications are necessary on ordinary writing paper. Q. What caused the French revolution? G. McG. A, The French revolution was mainly the result of the oppression of the French people, who rose in revolt against the extravagance and tyranny of the kings and nobles. Q, Is there- a Ford Products company in Divvonport? D. K. A. We do not find a Ford Products company in Davenport, Iowa, listed in tlie Davenport telephone directory. Q. Do the natives in tho Amazon! valley use torn tonis? If so, haw aro they made? M. D. C. A. The native tribes of the Amazon valley use the hollow log with ends covered with skin and a plank of hard wood that is hit with a club or mallet. Drums of various sorts are common, and are known under the general heading of torn toms. They are used for ceremonies, dances, signals and such purposes, Q. How many coeducational colleges in U. S. ? F. S. A. The latest survey, that of 1927, showed 400 coeducational institutions; 123 for women, and 119 for men. Q. When was irrigation first used in Arizona? McF K. A. Many centuries before tha coming of the white man. Early Spanish travelers found Indla'ns using water carried by ditches for? their crops. Q. If a boy runs away and joins the navy, can his parents pay something and have him released? M. I. V. A. The department of the navy says that it is not possible for a man to buy out of the navy. If circumstances are such at home that members of his family become dependent upon him for care or support, he may be discharged from the service of the United States. However, this will have to be taken up with the Bureau of , Navigation, Navy Department, · 'Washington. D. C. THE LAYMEN'S CALL (Kcad Luke 10:1-20. Text, Luke 10:2). And He said unto them, The harvest Is plenteous, but the laborers are few. Only Luke reports the sending out of the seventy. The twelve had already been sent out, hut they were not enough. The harvest called for more. The service of The Kingdom is no exclusive prerogative of a priestly 'caste. It is laid upon ail who follow Christ and long for a better world. In no community are there reapers enough for the human harvests. The ministry is plainly breaking down under the burdens laid upon it by an indolent but exacting church. A distribution of tasks is called for, which means an enlistment of the men and women, who have already signed up, if they will remember it. The way to save the church is clear and plain. But the greater question is how to save the harvest, which is plenteous. The seventy are called for. Are you one of them? Prayer: Lord of the living harvest, we pray that Thou wilt send more laborers Into the field. Give to each one of us the grace of obedience, that he may say "Here am I, Lord; send me." Amen. JUST FOLKS Copyrighted 1031 ' "" lly KIlfiAR A. GUE.S1 OLD READING The garden catalogs are here And once again I read them thru As I have done for many a year In search of blossoms old and new. Unchanged the style, unchanged the tale, And yet the page grows never stale. Some books I read and toss aside, Some books a second time I'll con, And some I can no more abide Because their interest has gone, But every year I sit for hours Re-reading catalogs of flowers. The new is very like the old, Whatever name the covers bear; I know the yellow marigold And modest mignonette are there. The story of the daffodils Is old as are the oldest hills. The catalog of life repeats The self-same list of human needs. One finds upon jts printed sheets The record 1 of men's thots and deeds. And all that daily is re-told Of joy and grief is ages old. The Raweis, a trio of South Sea islanders, will be in Mason City Tuesday evening. They came as the last number on the Y. M. C. A. lecture course this season. They are father, mother and daughter ana their entertainment is a sort of Polynesian play. They dress in their wild native' costume which is in sharp contrast to present day civilization. Remember the date, Tuesday evening, March 7. The regular price of admission is 50 cents. AH school children will be admitted at a 15 cents rate. Miss Mabel Finette returned this morning from an over Sunday visit with relatives in Garner The first flock of wild geese of the season which has been seen passed over the city last night northbound. This ia taken by the oldest inhabitants as a sure proof of spring but how to, harmonize the geese with,;.the groundhog Is .just now causing considerable worry in"the ancient-order of the sans of rest. The Parents and Teachers association of the Bryant school will meet Wednesday afternoon at 3 o'clock sharp for their regular session. The following program will be given: Piano selection, Lily Johnson; read- Ing. Miss Redfern; music, by Miss O'Harrow's pupils; address, by Dr. T. T. Blaise. Probably me meanest man in Mason City this morning filched a half dozen Germans, who had just arrived from the old country and were unable to speak a word of English, out of a dollar on the promise he would direct them to an acquaintance but as soon as he got the money, ducked. The immigrants were looking for the home of Lewis Schmall, who lives on North Stewart avenue. They managed to find another man who befriended them without mulcting for his services. The fellow is known and two or three men who saw him and are now acquainted with the circumstances are hoping he will show up. J- B. Amos, who has recently purchased the Greory farm of 160 acres at Burchinal was a pleasant caller at the Globe-Gazette office. A little over a year ago he purchased the Chris Meuers farm south of the city and disposed of it to a. Grundy county farmer at a good advance. Mr. Amos is a Story county farmer who has paid strict attention to modern methods and bought the Gregory farm at a good figure because ie believes it is ideal in location and richness of soil and has exceptionally- good buildings. The farm is right adjacent to the town limits of Burchinal. Mr. Amos thinks that with modern methods and the spirit of improvement now on in Cerro Gordo county that it destined to become one of tlie best agricultural counties in the state. Miss Anna George, who has been spending the past two months in the west, is expected home next week. Miss George is the. attendant in the office at the Park hospital and during her absence this place has been filled by Mrs. Morton Schumacher. Miss Eloise Dakc and Miss Martha Rau are home from Cedar Falls for the weeks' vacation visit. The teachers of the graded Sunday schools of the city will meet tomorrow afternoon at the Baptist church for a program and social diversion. This affair will be entirely informal. · The Episcopal Ladies' Guild meets on Wednesday afternoon with Mrs. A. H. Beecher on South Sherman street. Mrs. Ralph Stanbery and Miss Anna Stanbery left last night for Colfax, where they will spend a few days with Attorney 1 John Stanbery who is there recuperating. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Hathorn left today for Des Moines to attend the auto show and to visit friends for a few days. BO-BROADWAY N EW YORK, March Frederick Howard drew a cartoon in the New Yorker in which a policeman in full uniform is depicted in the act of invading a swank speakeasy. Pointing an accusatory forefinger at a Male Buttercup, who is sipping a cocktail, the cop says: "Don't You Know You Can't Leave You Car On Forty-Ninth Street?" Broadway thot so much of that line that they UEted it bodily for one of the current shows. And they continued to , think so much of it ·that in "The New Yorkers" they revamped it. The police rush the speakeasy "Go back," says the baoUegger-in- chief, "and tell the police commissioner that I give him twenty-four hours to leave town!" "No," says the head cop, "we ain't here for that. You parked your car within six feet of a fire plug." Whereupon the bootlegger turns sadly to his girl: "I guess," he says, with bowed head, "they've got me!" * * * fT COSTS NO MORE--It may I have been something of that sort :hat prompted Dorothy Parker, the Busy Poetess, to trill: "The Lord knows I have lived too ong to demand originality in .vritcrs of musical comedy books; but, at least, I cannot feel that I am asking- too much when I implore that while they are stealing jags, they might, for goodness sake, steal good gags." "By JOSEPH VAN HAAI,TE' 5.--Oscar /"vYSTERS D E B UN KED--Th« Duchess hasn't been herself since she learned that oyster grow« ers and dealers are bending energy to shatter the myth about oysters not being good in months in which there is no R. "For years," says the Duchess "I've been eating oysters during May, June, July and August, just because I felt I wasn't supposed to eat them during those months. Now, if they're going to kick over the taboo tallate by quitting lift the han, well, ; I'll re- oysters alto- YOLTRE THE JUDGE gether and swinging to clams. It's time something was done to stop the inroads by science into our private lives!" pODDESS OF FASFIION-- Cab- vJ rielle Chanel, Franch dressmaker, is headed for Hollywood where she'll anticipate the styles for screen stars so that between tho filming oC a picture and its production, the gowns won't be out. of date. One look at Chanel, and I take back all tho sassy, cold and unfeeling remarks I've ever made about her. In attire, she herself, is slmplo and unobstrusive as the cover of a hymn book. She's got a good brain back of those sparkling eyes. A business woman with a sense of humor and a God-given slant on Peacock Psychology. * * X: U NIMPORTANT IF TRUE ^Micky Mouse is Mary PIckford'd favorite screen character. Who's Who and Timely Views LARGE STATES BEAR BURDEN JAMES M. BECK Congressman From I'oiinsylvuniii. James Montgomery Deck wn.s Imrn nt I'nilftclelplilri, PA.. J u l y J, ISfil. He lu a Rratltmle (if Moravian crjtlenc, nncl iioltln numerous lirmorary decrees from other u n i - versities. In 188! heWRK nclmlttotl to ttie hnr In Ptiilnilelplila and to tlie bar tit Rn^lanil in 1922. From 180(1 to 1DOO IJE was U. S. ultorncy for the enstcrn ill.Urlet of Pennsylvania. D u r i n g the next three years lie wan asslfttiint attorney general of llic Unllerl States. Since 1003 lie lias iir.icticetl law ]n New York City. He wns solicitor general of ttlf; United States from 1021 to 1025. In 102(1 lie was elected to congress from tho first. Pennsylvania district, and \vna re-clcclerl In 1928. He is a mcmher of numorousi scientific orgnnizatlonn, ami has been decorated ahroncl. He is u republican and tho author of a half nozen hooka dealing with constitutional law, etc. J ACK SIRES told his old friend, Bill Gunt, that he had been playing cards lately with a certain mutual acquaintance of theirs, Emil Barr, and that Barr had treated him dishonorably. Gunt evidently was moved by the story. Gunt suggested that Sires drive home with him, and when they got there Gunt gave Sires his revolver and told Sires to use it if ever Emil Barr cheated again. Sires took the revolver. On the following day Sires met Barr and they began arguing. Soon Sires drew the revolver, shot at Barr, and killed him. During the trial Sires told the story of Gu'nt's revolver and the advice to kill came out and Gunt was put on trial for murder as a principal in the second degree. HOJV would you decide this case? M»Uc up your mind before you read the dcciaion. The decision: v The court held Onnt not guilty. The judges reasoned thus: Gunt'K advice to kill wna conditional only If Barr again cheated at cards, hue Burr wns killed before n n y card ztima Jiad taken place. Cunt's mind certainly did not have the name criminal I n t e n t that Sires' mind hail. Gunt. therefore, did nothing to aid and abcl tile commission of the crime when It was committed. INEQUALITIES IN the country's fiscal system must some day bring future generations to a sense of the undue burdens now imposed upon the larger states. The policy of W ash i n g t on, Franklin, Morris, M a d i s o n a n d Hamilton at the C o n s t itutional c o n v e n t i o n of 1787, was to have the new government impose taxation directly in proportion lo the relative ability of the states to contribute. W a a h In fiton and hi!i co-laborers, forced by threat of secession of the smaller state, finally acquiesced in equal representation of the senate with the result that today n. state having less population than a single ward in New York City, has as many senators as the great stale of New York. The same Washington group, however, while defeated in an equitable distribution of power in the senate, procured a provision that direct taxation and representation in the house of representatives should b apportioned among the states in 'proportion to population, to be ascertained by a decennial census. That equitable apportionment of iun.c-s M. Uccli. the burdens of government wns destroyed by the sixteenth amendment, which did not, as so commonly supposed, vest a power to impose an income tax--for such power the United States had from the beginning--but did vest a power to impose an income tax without the apportionment which the constitution of tha fathers had, as I think, wisely, provided. The wisdom of that great compact, the constitution in all other respects has hitherto blinded the American people to the Injustice o£ the distribution of political power in the senate, especially as it was, to some extent, ameliorated by tho party system, for, as political parties developed, each party had some of the larger and some of the smaller states and thus the e"il effects of a. disproportionate representation in the .senate were, to some extent, neutralized. The time may come, if some of our smaller states shrink in population and the greater states bc- becorne as great in population as many European nations, when thia injustice may again impress future generations as it did the great men of the generation that formulated the constitution. As this is the only respect in which the constitution .is unamend- able, it is difficult to see how it can be corrected, except by a new constitutional convention, and the possibilities of such, a convention arc abhorrent.

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