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FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LKB SVSUU'ATB NEH'SI'AI'KU Issued Every Weeli Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE? Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager LEE P. LOOM1S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLO*D L. GEER MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of ail news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. ment pays the bill aggregates 63,870 tons annually, or 127,750,000 pounds. On this, the government pays for its transportation to destination. It pays for the prep- ration of the material inclosed, either typewriting or riiiting. It pays for the supplies. A vast amount of it eets the ignoble fate of being tossed into the waste asket without examination. One of the first steps Postmaster General Farley hould take in effecting economies in his department s to eliminate the abuse of franked matter. He will e able to save much more than to impose additional igid economies upon postal employes. DAILY SCRAP BOOK SUBSCRIPTION KATES c . . . OUTSIDE MASON CITS? AND CLEAK LAKE ,,ar b ma p cr year ...... 50.00 00 SULK ZONE sVmontbs.. .53.00 Three months. .81.00 America, has furnished to the world the character of Washington! And if our American 'nstitu- tions hud done nothing else, that alone would June entitled them to the Â«^J* TMJ*Â£ WEB STEK M ITALY LOOKS AHEAD Â·USSOLINI is one monarch who doesn't believe thai "The best laid schemes o' mice and men gang aft Pertinent or Impertinent a-gley." To an assemblage of 5,000 cheering fascists deputies from all over Italy, he declared: "In this age of plans I want to lay before you a plan not for five years or ten years, but for sixty years carrying on to the twenty-first century, at which time Italy will have the primacy of the world. Italy has no future in the west and north. Her future lies to the east and south, In Asia and Africa." When the blackshirts in the Rome opera house heard this ringing prophecy, the entire assembly cheered and clamored for that distant day when Italy would be the first power of the world Imperial Rome once ruled the western world, am the conquering footprints of the Caesars are still deep in history Whether Rome's renaissance will ever bring it to the status of a Class I power is a question. Mus solini might have accomplished it, but he is mellowing Once the world thought H Duce dreamed only of con quest A decade of dictatorship and depression, however have sobered Benito Mussolini. Mussolini ha contented himself of late with building aqueducts highways, and workers' homes instead of a great army Now H Duce dreams distantly of the time when sunn Italy will be the sovereign of the world. Conditions change too rapidly today for any auto crat to forecast plans for sixty days, let alone sixt years. There may be no Italy when the clock turns to the year 2,000. Still more likely, there may be no blackshirts then. Surface political movements like fascism usually die with the rest of the political isms and nostrums in a generation. And dictators are made, not born. The United States wishes Italy well in its aspirations, but feels that Mussolini has simply doubled Stalin's hand and then re-doubled. Some day, in the dictator's division of the Happy Hunting Ground, Mussolini in white robes and celestial wings may well wonder at his temerity as a long range prophet. WE'RE ENTITLED TO KNOW TTOW to investigate the claims made by Dr. Wirt, " the Gary educator, is no simple problem. If the department of justice were given the assignment, the findings would be under discount because that agency is administration appointed and administration controlled. If the congress did it--and the congress dearly loves to investigate--the findings would be under an even greater discount. Politics rather than zeal for truth would be in the saddle. A congress-appointed commission of big-minded men such as John W. Davis, Owen Young, Norman Davis and Elihu Root would be most satisfactory but congress probably wouldn't think of such a thing. In the meantime, it is well to understand that Mr. Wirt is not charging any member of the brain trust Â·with a definite crime. He is raising a question of political point of view and economic significance. American people would like to see it answered. Where we are going as a nation is probably an open question but somebody ought to be able to shed some light on the objective fixed by the professorial at the helm in Washington. Europe is projecting a great road-building program t this time. Using some of the hold-over money bor- owed from Uncle Sam, in all probability. Germany as a fine system of American-built swimming pools, a t s Male students in an eastern college have voted that j career is more important than marriage. The girls voted for marriage. That's o. k. If the men don't have Icareer, the girls don^t get their happy marnage. The question used to be whether we could repeal a ; single article in the constitution. Now it's whether we j can repeal the whole thing. ^ j Dullards in manual training will need only to be Â·eminded of Dillinger and his whittling exploits in the future. ^ K ., Some are saying that while Dr. Wirt may not know rtiathe IB talking about, he's a mighty good guesser. If Nila isn't balmy in the bean she certainly will do all right until somebody balmy in the bean comes along. ds an afterdinner speech, "Where's that check? I'm'paying it!" still deserves a high ranking. OTHER VIEWPOINTS THE GREAT AMERICAN TRAGEDY Justin Barry in Cherokee Times: This newspaper has frequently attemptld to draw a lesson ofCaution from the increasing number of fatalities from auto accmentl, but it is a matter that justifies ^P^ PICKED "DESERt" ONE LAUNDRY METHOD U5E-P tlE HINDU UP NEAR. ARIZONA, BY FRANK M . D U N N ROCK- MARK TWAIN " MoT UNDER-fHÂ£ AR.", 15 NOW Hof HAT"-OH A HOT DAY I N LOMDON.'fHE 'THERMOMETER RAM U P t o 103 UNDER A MAM'S SILK. H* WAS A MAN A WrfR A ( FROHT" Copyright, 193'!, iy Cfntral Press Association, [nt OBSERVING jiff^ili73!pg^ wonder it there is iÂ» all o l Iowa another tract of land which is distinguished iÂ» exactly the same way as a certain 180 acre farm 3 miles north of Garnavillo In Clayton county? Tliis tract was pre-empted in IB'H by J. H. Schulte for ?1.25 an acre. He lived out his life on that farm and passed it along to Schulte. a son, wno lived J. H. out his have official information tc show stolen automobiles aru involved in accidents eight and one half times as frequently a? those rightfully operated. Ponder upon that statement, those of you who arc lix about locking your cai when you leave it. Perhaps it never occurred to you that you are contributing to the traffic accident problem through your negligence. That, however, is exactly the situation. A man who will steal a car has little regard for traffic laws. Often he has committed a crime and steals a car to get away. Naturally he is in a hurry, and "in his mad dash to get away from the scene of his crime he takes chances which are likely to lead to accident!*. Very often, too, the thief is a thrill seeking youngster. He Is uaium'.'v Â·Â·'---.-- .=,,,,- rjutcn-1 reckless and irresponsible, and an ^Â·wTprairie^rt^d^ay- --nt is quite likely to end hi* i ton had another French name. Clay- joj-nde. I ton, incidentally, was an important life on the tract and passed it along to his estate. H. H. Schulte of Manly, Worth county representative for three terms, is one of the prc- SU It'sÂ° an interesting: fact that no , other name than Schulte was ever . 1 ! identified with this farm, which lies just south of the tract which was held by the famous Basil Giard on grant from the Spanish government. Garnavillo in those early d^s M S G er d with two UUI I. Ull t"^ --*--'" r t - - ' i large and prosperous flour mills and a sizable hoop and stave factory H. H. Schulte came to vvorin stages. Sufed d in n a1it f o V acc'idents C in ttii" state during the year. In Cherokee county alone accordmg to officia1 statistics 2 persons were killed and 108 mjurea in motor car accidents. In spite of all warnings the tragic tide of vehicle accidents in Iowa goes unchecked We worry about war and expresswi Imgness to go to any extremity to prevent it but give scarcely a passing thought to this peace time destruction that far ex-ceeds the records of the most destructive: of Â«rars. In 18 months of participation in the World var 50,510 Americans were killed in action or died o: vounds and 182,671 others were wounded But the peacetime record of automobile accidents in IS months s 53,650 killed and 1,576,840 injured, exceeding wartime bv a ratio of eight to one. The sinking of the TiTanfcthe Paim Beach hurricane, the Knickerbocker collapse, the San Francisco earthquake, the sinking of the hattleship Maine, the wreck of the airship Shenandoah, the Ohio state penitentiary fire, and the wreck if the airship Akron, disasters that shocked the whole rorld, all together registered a death loss of _3,152. That manv people are killed in auto accidents in the United States every 36 days, and yet people accept these latter horrors with complacency and unconcern. When it was proposed that a state highway patrol be created as a means of enforcing greater care m motoring on the public highways and saving lives by preventing accidents, the general assembly ruthlessly cast the suggestion into the legislative waste basket, and) scarcely a word of protest came from the people. When 100 deaths every day and injury of a million in a year will not arouse the people to the need o caution in driving one i;- at a loss to know what will perform this much needed service. DIET and HEALTH EARLIER DAYS LITTLE DISCS FIT UNDER EYELID THERE WAS some prejudice against contact glasses 1 when they were first suggested, *"t apparently experience by careful men has shown that they have "^ The MANAGED GOVERNMENT Clinton Herald: Spurred by the outstanding success of the city manager plan of government at LJU- bucme upheld by the voters recently when the question of returning to the old system was submitted at an election, public sentiment in favor of followin,, Dubuque's example is making headway in Clinton and in other communities. Imong the latest is Des Moines, where, it appears, the commission form of government has no, solved the problem of city government managed in the interests of the taxpayers. The old ' to the victor belongs the spoils" doctrine is still in effect, even though it means lessened efficiency and increased tax ^Coupled with the recognition of the merits of the itv manager plan also is a suggestion that municipal, ouutv and state elections might well be held every our years instead of every two, with resultant benefits n economy and efficiency. WILL GATE BE LOWERED? rpHE presence in Europe of Richard Washburn Â·*Â· Child, well known diplomat, as a special representative of the president, indicates a definite intention and a shift of policy behind the demand for tariff- bargaining authority from congress. The intense nationalism and "self sufficiency" of the first phase of Â·the recovery program seems to be giving way to the belief that the emergency is passing and the time is ripe to expand and encourage foreign trade. Mr. Child expressed the attitude in London recently, when he said that the period and conditions of the world economic conference in London last year bad passed, and the time had come to re-open negotiations.'This is important, because it was the complete refusal of the United States to negotiate which wrecked the London economic conference. It is a question whether any progress could have been made if this country had negotiated, since every country was looking to us for impossible concessions. But at any rate the direct responsibility for the collapse of the meeting was laid upon Mr. Roosevelt's famous statement that the interests of America came first in his mind. Since that time the United States has devalued the dollar and returned to a modified gold standard, and has restored a semblance of order to the domestic economic scene. The economic isolation of the London conference period was out of place in an administra tion of the Roosevelt type, and it is much more in keeping with its general policy that freedom of trad should be encouraged. But it is apparently not to be a general casting down of protective barriers; Mr. Roose velt will let down the bars to us. It is significant tha France and Britain are already making overtures. THE FRANKING ABUSE O FFICIAL bulk mail now going out of Washington daily has increased fifty tons over that of a year ago. The average dally outgo of this type of mail is around 175 tons, with official letters numbering between 350,000 and -100,000. By a little arithmetic, it may be seen that on this 'oasis, the franked matter for which the postal depart- SEEING WHAT ONE LOOKS FOR Oehvein Register: The Mason City Globe-GaEette ays' "A Chicago streetcar conductor has testified hat' since the return of the saloon he has had at east four times as many drunks among his passengers is during prohibition." When did the saloon return to Chicago? It lias to be absent before it can return. 4.nd then we have heard some of the best citizens of Chicago testify that there is not nearly as much Irunkenness now as there was during the speakeasy days. And this reminds us who are we to believe under such testimony when neither were under oath. Cithers might say that now the drunks are riding lome on the streetcars instead of trying to drive their automobiles as they did before. These state- nents mean nothing except as an indication of the : act that someone wants to tickle the fellow who wants to hear that sort of thing. ^onfaTS are those which fit underÂ·*^ the pas, lids. They look something like the she 1 of an artifi Christ cial eye They are of especial value to actors, act- The ?esses J Â«d athletes, who either for the sake of appearance or because glasses in frames would get m their little discs which can be fiÂ«ed B Sy Vo'The-VeTand separated^from the eyeball by a thin UgL^^.^tff^ Sd to be that it is impossible, .mathematically and optically, to correct any error of refraction by placing a fixed lens half an inch in front of a moving eyeball, which is the condition which obtains w h e n o r d i n a r y Contact lenses. glasses are worn. Most patients wearing contact glasses for the first time exclaim over the clearness and brightness of objects, even though the central vision may be no better than with their old glasses. In spite of prejudices which might naturally be held against them, they are said to be quite safe and, as a matter of fact, as far as danger from breakage is concerned, are safer than ordinary glasses. The eyelids themselves afford protection denied the wearer of spectacles. One patient was thrown from an automobile and knocked unconscious without breaking his contact glasses, whereas ordinary glasses would undoubtedly have been broken and probably cut his eyeball. Nor do the contact glasses appear to cause the irritation of the eyeball or inside of the eyelid that might be expected. They are by no means new, having been made since 1887. They must be made very carefully and ground very accurately to suit the curvature of different eyes. Of course, they are not supposed to be kept in the eye for a long period of time, but they can be kept there for four or five hours a day and even, with improvements in their manufacture, have been worn as long as 17 hours. Cases are on record of patients having gone to bed with contact glasses in because it was forgotten they were in position, which certainly would indicate that they were not irritating. Sometimes there is irritation in the lids, even though the fit to the eyeball is perfect. This, however, can usually be overcome by having the patient take the glass out at frequent intervals until tolerance has been established. 'William Cross has returned from Babcock where the pastors in commemi 'oration of the resurrection of National hank of this c^y makes a fine $1,300,000 in business C Â° U The board of city Federation of Women's clubs met tbta afternoon at the horne^f Â£i J. *Â£%Â«Â£* will give a violin solo at the Con- find on checking, E. S. N., that the U. S. flag did not change during the Civil war. The question, oÂ£ course, was whether the stars were removed for the seceding stales. The federal government, however, refused to recognize the secession or the change of sovereignty and the number and position of the stars remained the same. talked the other day with an lowan who has been in public life for a quarter of u. century or more, before that in journalism. He was insisting that the direct primary, originally expected to "clean up" politics in Iowa, had brought about an astonishing reduction of "size" in our public officials. "I was talking recently before a TOUP of young men in my home own," he said. "Without prepara- ion I drew on memory for the names of the Iowa delegation m congress 40 years ago--Wilson, Alison, Henderson, Lacey, Hepburn, Cousins, Dolliver, Updegraff and the others. "Then I asked how many present could name the present delegation. Not a one could. I'm not sure that n the whole group this information could have been adduced. 'How many' I asked, 'of our present contingent at Washington will be remembered 40 years from now?' Nobody was optimistic along this The direct primary may be, and I'm inclined to think is, a long'way short of what was expected of it Another important factor in the situation, however, is that young men of the present time are not giving the same attention to government *Â·"'"Â· , f . Â· _ _ ^ ,t ,,Â£ --, ',-rtn Atr The best way to stop this men- to ace is for every driver to lock his car. Whether you value your pro- ,/ perty or not, do it for safety's sake. , r -Â°- r. think the finest tribute to n Â£ the life and works of Frank ,, - " C. Gaylord Is to be found iii g the large number of businessmen 1 j _ here and elsewhere who regarded 9 him as true friend. There was be- Â· tween him and these friends an attitude and relationship akin to father and son or brother and brother. " Mr. Gaylord was essentially sincere. That is why he made no at-j tempt to be a "man of the people," why by some he was regarded as ^ "hard to get acquainted with" or "distant." But those who penetrat- _ cd that reserve found a veritable _. jewel of companionship. Nobody had a keener sense of community responsibility t h a n . , Frank Gaylord. This asserted itself _ in hia generous contributions of _ time or money to community chest and other civic causes. Mason City has lost a worthwhile citizen and the community's sympathy in , abundant measure is with Mrs. ' I Gaylord and June and Earl Gaylord. --o-am confident that the sum total of happiness in this old world would be greatly increased if most of us subscribed to :hc philosophy embodied in this . verse offering from. F. E. F. of Iowa ich time we meet, you always nay imo word of praise that malres me Bay; ,11 set, some hMilcn, struKBllng trait Ktirounipes it and makes It threat. Tif,'ili-flflti-rt little hurts or Kood Bloom lar K c. Mwinsc you said they would. A clad, mart music in mo singe: My soul sprouts tiny. Ilamlnc wlnge My day UUU's on brand new zest, Your K'ft of praHnR brinKs my best: , Revives my spirit, IllnRs It Wen, Â·' For God loves pralsa and so do I. " was interested to learn the 'Â· other day of the symbolism back of the serpent coiled with tail in mouth that one so often sees. It stands for eternity, ot representation is. that this good friend of mine did J. J. Haynes of Albert time eating itself." rmHUAHUA CITY, Mexico--One thousand sol- CHIH of them women, lie dead in and about Torreon as the result of six days o - j Police raided a house at ages of the Ball he vteited different points in Texas, and Florida. Miss Ma'rvyl Potter is in the city spending a few " affiftom Mount Ida Seminary at Newton, day v for Omaha, where ne wiu'join' Governor Clarke, and other members of the Iowa commission appointed to select a site for the Iowa building at the San Francisco^exposition and proceed with them to the Golden State. ONCE OVERS "By J. J. MBMDY" Â·Â·untie* V^F^. Â«as elected captain of the 192425 basketball team at a high school cage squad meet- s! g Ba'rnes of Northwood was a visitor in the city yes e ^.^ eU leaves Tuesday for Savannah, Ga. where he has accepted a position as research chemist with the Savannah Sugar Refining corporation. Dr H F Poole and the Rev. William L. Dibble addressed the'high school students this morning in m- SPi Douglal a Mallo S ch S ; past president of the Chicago Press club, has been obtained to address the Mason City Chamber of Commerce April 25, it was nounced by the committee composed of C. U. btierm Harrv B. Keeler and James Rae. Jo'e Lillard was awarded a berth as center on the second all-state basketball team today. AN OUTSIDE VIEW OF OTJK PENSION LAW Mankato Free-Press: Iowa last week became the twenty-ninth state to establish old-age pension or assistance. The march of the states toward supporting the needy aged in their homes instead of in almhouses has been noted. Iowa, however, has gone directly to the people for the wherewithal. Every person more than twenty-one years old will pay one dollar this year and two dollars every year hereafter. When revenues for special purposes are raised by property taxes and disbursed from general funds the citizens are not impressed by expenditures. When, thing " to happeil . "LIVE TO FIGHT SOME OTHER DAY" Don't be foolish enough to put up a fight when the modern stickup man gets the drop on you. These dope filled fellows are irresponsible and only when they are spurred on by some drug, are they anything but cowardly. They would not have an even chance with you; realizing this themselves, they will not give you an opportunity to grapple with them. They will shoot you before they will permit such however, as under the Iowa plan, the special project is made personal, the citizens^ will think about it. WHERE WE GOT OUR MONEY'S WORTH Washington Herald: As President Warden of the American Association of State Highway Officials, recently said: "If all the business in the United States in recent years had been conducted as honestly and had been as well done as this nationwide highway construction there would be no depression." Here is a field of public works where the government can proceed with permanent benefit and lasting service to all--both of the present and future generations. Why not go "full speed ahead?" Why, why, why? TO BE ELIGIBLE Northwood Anchor: Under the plan now proposed in Iowa an individual 65 years of age with expectation of 35 years of life could well afford to give away considerable property in order to become eligible to u monthly pension of ?30 a month. The old tinier shoots as a last resort--the young fellow shoots at the first evidence of hesitancy m obeying his commands. It is maddening to be held up by one whom you could literally tear to pieces, if you could get hold of him. But it is foolish when a dope inspired fellow is pointing a gun at you, to make a move toward any sort oÂ£ self defense. It is better to put up your hands--let him have what he wants--than to try to protect yourself at the cost of your life or serious injury. To submit, is not a cowardly thing to do m this day--it is the wiser thing to do. Don't be foolish in your bravery. (Copyright, 1934, Kins Features Syndicate, Inc.) TODAY IN HISTORY - .MARCH 30~ Scriptural Thought--Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children: for blessed are they that keep My ways.--Proverbs 8:32. Notables Bom This Date-Anna Sewell b 1820. She was 50, a cripple and invalid most of hei lite, when her famous animal story, "Black Beauty," was pubMslwd. She received $100, a fraction of the revenue brought in by the millions of copies that havIB been sold * * Sir Henry Wotton, b. 1568, oft quoted author, poet and diplomat. Wotton saying: "An ambassador is an honest man sent to lie abroad for the commonwealth." * * John Fiske, b. 1842, historian. - * Paul Verlaine, b. 1844, French poet. Â·^-(Approximate day) Santa Fe was founded under the name Ciudad Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco, where there had been an Amerindian pueblo of 15,000 or more for centuries. 1842--Dr Crawford Williamson Long took a chance, gave James M. Venable ether, made an incision, removed a tumor. Under a mulberrytreeat.Jef- ferson Ga., Doctor Long performed what is believed to have been the first surgical operation under anesthesia. . . . 1867--Russian America became "Seward's Folly." The 586000 square miles of Alaskan territory was ceded by Russia to the United States for 57,200.000 bv treaty signed this date, and criticism of Secretary of State William H. Seward for wasting good money on a lot of ice, rocks, salmon and seals, began. * Â· Â· 1931 First child was born in a plane in full flight. Master Miller arrived in the world 4,000 feet in the sky as his mother was being rushed from Mile 214, Manitoba, to a hospital in The Pas. Dhildrcn living at the whito house. ATM,* Eleanor Dall (SIstie)._ 5, and Curtis Roosevelt Dall (Buzzie.i, "' What is the purpose of ^Association of Professional Ball Wajers of America? I*. P. To furnish assistance to ball players and umpires, who through age, illness or certain other emergencies re without income and in actual "who'wrote Maryland, My Maryland? C. M. Words by James R. Randall of Baltimore, who was working on the Sunday Delta in New Orleans. He wrote it one night about 1861 af tor reading about the street fighting m his native city. It was adapted to the old German tune, "Tannenbaum by a Miss Carey of Baltimore. Give biography of Premier Dou- mergue of France. C. C. Gaston Doumergue was born at AiguÂ».s-Vives in Card 70 years ago. He served in the Colonial service m Cochin-China and first entered tnt chamber of deputies in 1893. During the past 40 years he served m various cabinet posts and was premier from December, 1913, to May, 19H. He is a Protestant. How much fossil earth used commercially in this country? l - ' Â· Approximately 70,000 to 100,000 tons annually. It is used partly as j a filtering aid in the filtering of | sugar syrups--practically all of the , sugar used in this country b e i n g : filtered with this agent. It is used also as a heat insulator and ' filler for the hard rubber us making storage battery boxes 41 earth has all together about three or four hundred different uses. Â· Â· handled three or five pounds of bees go into one package. There are about 5,000 bees in one pound. \Vhut city won the National Traffic Safety Contest this year? M. K. Evansfon, in., was the granti prize winner with a score of 98.'J points out of a possible perfect score of 100. These contests were inaugurated last year. In that year. Evanston and Pittsburgh tied for first place. What Is a shamrock? S. D. ^ Shamrock derives its name from se;'.mrog, a name given to many three-leaved plants. It is believed the plant which St. Patrick used to He illustrate the doctrine of the Trinity was probably the wild white clover. Are there us many people i; Alaska now as 111 the gold rush? W. P. The territory of Alaska has only about 60.000 persons. Although the i population has increased in the las' 1 decade, it is still not equal to tha at the height of the gold rush a the end of the last century. j How much space Is occupied b.' tho International Flower Show a' Grand Central Palace, New York ,1. M. Four acres. Last year paid ac missions exceeded 115,000. as a used in Fos- Wliat questions cannot he humllra bv your information bureau'.' I". M. "it is not equipped to give opinions about anything. That is the province of specialists. Lawyers give legal opinions, physicians give medical advice but this bureau confines Itself to statements of fact. Ask any question of fact, write plainly and send coin or stamp for reply. Address Frederic J. Haskm, director, Washington, D. C. What is George Arliss's real name? J. H. George Augustus Andrews. How many bees in :i package'. G. K. A package of bees is simply a small swarm of bees taken from a hive and placed In an especially built shipping cage for transporta- J tion to some distant point, Two, AUNT MET Bv Robert Quillen "They didn't talk about' ankles in my time, but girls that had swell ones knew it and we round ways not t|| keep it a secret." '!