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3d iii*auc= MARCH 1931 (Eitu (Slob* . . .A Lee Syndicate Newspaper ' Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPAJfX 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. MUSE :...Editor W. EARL HALL Managing Editor, LEE P. LOOMIS . .Business Manager Â· MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS . : The Associated Press is exclusively entitled,to the j 3e for publication .of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. Â· - ' Â· SUBSCRIPTION RATES Daily, per year. : ..: .$7.00 Daily, per week. .-...;.Â· 15 Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier Â· $7.00 Daily, per week 6y carrier. '.. .15 Daily, per year by mail 4.00 6 months, 52.25; 3 months, $1-25; 1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months........?3.25 3 months 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter What Is dishonorably got is dishonorably squandered.--CICERO SENATOR CLARK'S PROPOSAL A LTHO the American Federation of Labor opposes restrictions on butter substitutes, there is no question that so far as Iowa's interests are concerned the resolution sponsored by Senator E. W. Clark to prohibit the use of palm oil as a base for oleomargarine is in order. The resolution memorializes congress to give favorable action to the measure now before it looking to this palm oil bar. In the.lower .house of the legislature, Representative Van Wert of Franklin county was the sponsor of this measure designed to give protection to the dairy interests of this state and of the country generally. In a sense the use of the palm oil has permitted the makers of butter substitutes to.escape the govern. ment tax of 10 cents a pound on colored-oleomargarine. By using the palm oil and working it in as an ingredient in the manufacture, it has been possible to provide a coloring similar to that of butter. In fact, it is almost impossible to differentiate between it and real butter. The trades unions point out that it is impossible for everybody to purchase pure butter and that there should be no further discouragement to the use of that which is available. The statement of Edward F. MqGrady, as a representative of the federation, concludes: _ . "We are opposed to any further tax being pressed upon this product because, as you know, to do so you are taxing the breakfast, dinner and supper tables of millions of unfortunate people who Â· are already unable to live as Americans should live and as we want them to live." . This -would have a greater force if it were not true that butter is now marketed at an extremely low price, too low for the welfare of the dairy interests. The . superior food attributes of real butter more than offset the price advantage of the butter substitutes. A little butter la more healthful and more satisfying thaft ever ad much nujEp^ofÂ· the aUbstitiita^^ooked ,At ,Irpni- this, angle, there is doubtful logic iST-iS labor ieaderi'^oSi- tion. The unions have been an unequalled promoter of high living standards in this country in the past. One wonders if there has not been an unjustified departure from this trend in the support offered now to the "shoddy" interests? . THE MARCH OF THE MOVIES x-*O WHERE you will, from Tac'oma to Timbuctu, ^* there's no escape from the movies. The department of commerce advises that of the 62,363 movie houses in the world there are 22,731 in the United States. This represents an increase of 9 par cent in the number of theaters in 1930 over 1929. Europe contains some 28,- 45i theaters, an increase of 1,100 over 1929. . Sound machinery hasn't swept Europe to the extent that it revolutionized American houses. Of the 19,984 sound theaters in the world there are 12,500 in this country. In other words, only half of America's picture houses are equipped for sound reproduction. The bulk of those outside the sound fold are what the industry refers to as "shooting galleries." Those who feared there would be up market for the accumulation of silent productions must now see that there is much for hopefuls like Charlie Chaplin to go on. Only a third of the theaters_ are sound- equipped and some probably never will be converted. The hinterlands are not convinced about the squawkies yet. Â· NEPOTISM AT WASHINGTON A LTVELT war on nepotism Is under way at Wash^^ ington these days. Government employes who have obtained their positions in an above-board manner and who do an honest day's work for an honest day's pay have risen up in protest against the senators and representatives who confer the higher salaries, with or without any actual duties, upon some member of the' family. In some cases it's the wife, in others it's a son or a daughter. Here and there the lack of an immediate kin throws the benefits to a cousin or to a niece or nephew. In this fight the regular clerks have the backing of an Oklahoma representative. Before the matter is brot to a conclusion, some interesting slants tm accepted methods and standards in Washington's official life are going to be presented. A REVOLT'WITHIN A REVOLT rpHE new revolutionary government in Peru Is hav- Â·*Â· ing troubles. Not with the Leguistas who were tossed out when their leader was imprisoned and Sanchez Cerra made himself dictator. The new, revolt is of dissatisfied elements in the successful party. They maintain that Sanchez Cerra promised not to be a candidate for president, whereas last week he announced himself. This week, after some fighting, he withdrew from the room. But this week the government beat the rebels and scattered them. Perhaps Senor Sanchez Cerra will now t reconsider his reconsideration, and strike for the presidency again. NO INJUSTICE DONE YET /TVHE Chicago Tribune's campaign for the repeal of Â·*Â· Minnesota's state law which holds newspapers accountable for the charges which they print would have more iorce behind it If a single instance could be cited MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE in which the so-called "gag law" had resulted in an injustice. Up to this time the score is overwhelmingly on. the side of the law. Reputable newspapers do not object to accepting responsibility for their contents RAILROAD INDUSTRY SHRINKS have been adduced to show that at present there are 675,000 fewer railroad employes than there were ten years ago. This represents a loss of nearly one-third of the number of persons earning their living from railway operations in the course of a decade. All the while the population 'of the country has been gaining steadily, if not as rapidly as in previous periods 'of our national history. Under the circumstances,, it is not difficult to see why those connected with the railroad industry view with concern the growth of competing methods of transportation. OTHER EDITORS "GREATEST WOMEN" CHOSEN Â·Sioux City Journal: There are individuals in this wonderful country whose courage is without limit 'For example, Newton D. Baker, former secretary of -war Dr Henry Van Dyke, Booth Tarkington, Otto H. Kahn and Bruce Barton, acting as judges for Good Housekeeping magazine, have announced their list of the '12 greatest living American women." Wherefore it is submitted that when it comes to a question of sheer bravery these men ask odds of nobody. Whether however, they will be able to pursue life with nonchalant ease as lorgnetts are leveled at them as if they were some species of lowly insect, remains to be seen The list reported by these dauntless judges' is as follows: Grace Abbott, chief of the federal children's bureau and child welfare worker; Jane Addams philanthropist and social welfare worker; Cecilia Beaux artist; Martha Berry, founder of the Berry mountain schools in Georgia; Willa Gather, author; Carrie Chap- S^M f ' S- ffr ? g l S , t; ,9 race c Â°Â° !i %e, wife of the ex- president; Minnie Maddern Fiske, actress; Helen Keller, the blind genius; Florence Rena Sabin, scientist and educator; Ernestine Schumann-Heink, singer- Mary E. Woplley, president of Mount Holyoke colleke Anyone m looking over that list might be forgiven his sin of ormssion in offering no criticism of a single individual composing it. He might wonder. in silence just.why this one or that one had been selected but there would be no justice in demanding that he put himself on record as a doubter in any particular. This for the reason that the average man is not possessed KOHLER SAYS SHORTER HOURS COMING Wisconsin State Journal: Former Governor Kohler is showing his close touch with present industrial sit" atl Â° ns ,. aud . h ;f, advanced thot on a11 questions pertaining to the stability of employment in his statement before-the Sheboygau Falls and Cedar Grove Advancement association that he believes the seven-hour day must soon come in industry in order to permit of greater distribution of employment The former governor also says that the flexible theYnnrfnf "^ """V" th6 neM future ' TMÂ« that the hours of employment must rise and fall according to the demand for their industrial product itvnf r Â°rhp b .l yn ,? 0 Â°. ne . In . Wis TMÂ°sin feels the responsibil- S,x Â£Â· , Â° industl y to- the employes connected with the.r cants more than former-Governor Kohler He fully believes m the idea that the industry must support its workers as well as its owners He has well shown this by refusing to make reductions in the number of employes A his plant and I bv 'SWi 0n V ^l 1 shorteni Â«S in the hours of labor altho he has been piling, up a large surplus because of the small present market for his product ; The former governor recognizes that if there is not to be overproduction the laws of supply ^d demand must be carefully studied. He sees in the^tortenW of ti^hours forflabor an opportunity for preventing a large production at one period that must be Ion wed later because of lack of consumption with a curtafl- ment of employment. . i-uriau r n ,Â£? b H r J r Â° blems in this ooun try will be solved be- Kohler are SUCh em P Io y. Â£ Â« as former-Governor Chicago 1 TM* 0 BIG BILL KNOWS : Big Bi " Thom P son his revoltiQ Â£ " h 's campaign may have Â£? St Â° f the countr y. it seems to have Iikea Â·Â»* wants - THE POLITICS BACK OF IT Tribune-Gazette: Much interest will o a c!ique - Friends of the " n i v e i t y are backing President Jeasup against the politicians. JESSUP'S SUCCESSOR Davenport Times: Perhaps we should consider TM UmS as a P rol)abl e successor to Mr T o w f l ^ - ? he \ we would have someone in charge at Iowa City who would understand that his business nt Sa nfl f fU ? f ,Â° n cement r paint, and electrical Â«SÂ£ doflar rnr,tr'h ? " er / Way his time ^W^S million h?TMÂ«i? -Vi, Â£ S - f Â° r a medical Â«nit, nor concerning processes irrevelant matters as educational IT REMAINS TO BE SEEN Jroquols, S. Dak.,. Chief: The Iowa legislature adopts an income tax law and the South Dakota legislature defeats a similar bill. It remains to be seen witch set of lawmakers grabbed the wrong end of the poker Fellowship of Prayer "A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America THE LIFE-SAVING SERVICE (Redd Luke 9:49-50. Text, Luke 9:56.) For the mcns A PPARENTLY these words do not belong here. But Jesus may have said them at another time. They sound like Him. The fiery sons of Zebedee proposed an old way of making the good prevail. It is the way of anger, which is sometimes called a way of justice It does not work. Killing criminals does not eradicate crime; laying waste wicked towns and countries does not make a better world. Jesus was come to sow words of life, not dragons' teeth. He would not add to the sum of human misery. For truly while there is Hfe there is hope. To kill a man is to take away all his chances. James and John had not caught the spirit of the Master. Have we? Not when we cry out for vengeance. The first thing to be saved is life, just life. Prayer: O God, Who are the author of life, reveal to us the spirit that was also Jn Christ JCSUH. Fill our hearts with compassion for the weak and the wayward, that the lost sheep be not harried by wolves. In His name, Who was the friend of sinners. Amen. THE OLD HOME TOWN . . . . . . . By Stanley DO THAT TME COI5NE.E JUST AS THE EDITOR OF THE ,HAD HIS NEWS CL1PP/NQS Ai-L. L.A1D OUT ON HIS.DESK, THATVJ/AJDYAUCT/ONEEK; CAME IN AND DUSTED OFF A SPOT To PAR.K,. AND SPtr\j SOME OF HIS TAL.L- STbreiES- ^^^^S^SSS^'SSs^SS^M'MtSSSSSSSJl/j/rA. ,!..--use w.^TANuer DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. I). Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clemlenlng carmot diagnose or give pereonal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up, In order, In the daily column Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clemlening, care oÂ£ The Globe-Gazette Write legibly and not more than 200 words FOUR DIETS TO DETECT FOOD SENSITIVENESS IF A PERSON has recurrent mysterious attacks of 1 hives or eczema or asthma, he should determine whether a certain kind of food is the cause. He may be allergic, as the term is, to some special food. The most certain way to do this is to have skin tests made. An extract of the suspected food introduced under aseptic conditions .under the skin will cause a swelling to form in the skin at the site of the eruption. These skin tests are, however, tedious, uncomfortable and expensive. Another good way, recently; proposed-by Dr. Rowe, is with eliminatiom diets. These "elimination diets" consist of foods that are not frequently the cause of allergic diseases. The patient stays exclusively on one after another for several weeks. If none of the looked-for symptoms-skin eruption or asthma or nasal discharge--=-occur, it may be Dr. Clendening srnned that these were originally caused by some article of diet not on -the list. Tho patient can then avoid all other foods except these on the elimination diets, which are sufficient to keep him- in good nutrition. The four,diets as proposed by Dr. Rowe are as follows: Diet No. 1. Cereal: rice. Bread: rice biscuit. Meat or fish: lamb. Vegetables: lettuce, spinach, carrots. Fruits, jams anil fruit drinks: lemons, pears, peaches! Miscellaneous: sugar, olive oil, salt, gelatine, syrup made from cane sugar flavored with maple olives (un- stuffed). Diet No. 2. Cereals: corn, tapioca. Bread: corn pone. Mcut or fish: bacon and chicken. Vegetables: squash, asparagus, peas, artichokes. Fruits, jams and fruit drinks: pineapple, apricot, prunes. Miscellaneous: sugar, corn oil, salt, corn syrup. Diet No. 3. Cereal: rice, rye. Bread: rye-rice. Meat or Jish: beef. Vegetables: tomatoes, beets, string beans. Fruits, jams and fruit drinks: grapefruit, pears, peaches. Miscellaneous; sugar, vegetable oil, salt, gelatin, syrup made from cane sugar flavored with maple. Diet No. 4. Milk alone for the'test period, two to three quarts a day. The milk diet should be used only in those who have been proved not to be sensitive to milk. And' it should not be used except for short times. It is intended to test out people who are sensitive to a large variety of foods and with whom it is difficult to place the blame on any one. The method of testing out these diets will be given in detail tomorrow. One of two plans may be carried out. First, a patient may stay on diet No. 1 for a few days and then stop it altogether and go to diet No. 2. He stays on that awhile and then goes oh diet No. 3. The second plan is to start with diet No. 1 and then add all the articles of diet No. 2, and then add all the articles of diet No. 3. EiHIor's Note.: Six rmmphleta by Dr. Clemlenlng can now lie obtained by sending 10 cents In coin for each anil a scU- addressed, stamped envelope, to Dr. Ixgan Ctondenlng. In care of this paper, or Central Press Association. 1435 East Twelfth street, Cleveland, Ohio. The pamphJct.s are: "Indigestion and ConatLpatlnn." "Reducing and Gaining." "Infant Feeding." "Instructions /or the Treatment of Diabetes," ''Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care ot the Hair and Skin." YOU'RE THE JUDGE Â·THE RICH Widow Green owned a number of houses -I in a county other than the one in which she resided. Representing her in that county was an agent who collected the rentals, leased vacant houses and in general attended to the affairs of her property. Some street work was done in the neighborhood, the cost of which, under the law, was to be charged to the owners of the abutting houses. Notice was sent to the agent as tho he were the owner of the property, requesting him'to pay his share. He'appeared before the committee to protest, but was told that suit was to be filed if he did not pay. The agent had a notion that he was not liable under the law, so to put matters off he agreed to sign three notes for the amount of the street costs. But when it came time to pay those notes he refused to do so. The county attorney then filed suit. How would you decide this r.ase? Malic up your mind before you read the decision. The decision: The court held against the agent. The judges reasoned thus: The county mlKht have eone to court In the first place but forehore because the agent Â£]gnerl the notes. The notea constituted a valid contract. EARLIER DAYS Itclnjr n IJnlly Cnmpllatlim of Interesting Hems from the "Twenty Years ABO" Flics of the Globc-Guiclte. ' MARCH 4, 1011 Answer ~ Thin great service Is maintained by (he Cilobe-GaMlte for the benefit of Its' rentiers who- may use it every day .\vlthnut cost to themselves. Questions mnst ba clearly written mid stated a's briefly an iHiKstble. Inclose 2 cent stump for return postage Htid addwifl the Globc-aaietto Infomiallon bureau, Frederic J. Hnskln, Director, Washington, I. C. . Â· The New Hampton basketball team arrived here this afternoon and will play the Mason City boys team this evening in the gymnasium of the high school. This is the seventh game of the season and while the boys have not won more than half of the games they hope to do New Hampton this evening. The schedule for the remainder of the games is: March 10, return game with Northwood here; March 17, doubleheader with Decorah teams here. The lineup for Mason City this evening will be: Miles, c; Martin, Chambers, f.; Swarner, Weston, g; Leaman, Rarem, subs. Mrs. Earl Glanville was hostess yesterday afternoon to -the Weso club at her pretty home on North Main street. The usual social afternoon was enjoyed, and a delicious lunch served. Mrs. Olive McEldoori was taken in the club yesterday. Miss Bertha Gould will act as,hostess to the club next week at the home of her brother, G. O. Gould, North Michigan street. J. T. Laird has purchased the M. W. Nichols property on North Washington at a cost of 56,000 and will get possession May 1. This house was built by Mr. Nichols himself and has all the modern conveniences and then some. It is finished in hard wood and is conveniently arranged and well built. Mr. and Mrs. Laird will move into the new home as soon as possession is obtained. Twenty men were let out in the track department of the Milwaukee today.. This is in keeping with a general order for a reduction of 25 per cent in all employes. ' Mrs. Arthur Rule arrived home this morning from, a 10 days' trip to Washington, D. C., where she was the guest of relatives and friends. The executive council of the Iowa Bankers' association met in the city today for the first annual session and the only session prior to the state convention which will be held in this city in June. The date for the convention which was to have been fixed was referred to Secretary Hall of Des Moines, who will place the date that it will not conflict with any other date the bankers of the state may be interested in. It will be in the week of June 21 at least. The visitors were given an autg ride over the city during the noon hour and at 1 o'clock were the guests of Willis G. C. Bagley, president of group three at luncheon at the Park Inn. Twenty visitors and local bankers were at the tables. Most of the visitors got out of the city on the early afternoon train. Miss Martha Batty, instructor in physical training of the city schools, left last night for Cedar Falls where she will attend the gymnasium exercises which will be held at the-State Teachers college there tomorrow. Miss Batty is a graduate from the physical training department at the State Teachers college. Major and Mrs. S. W. Smith of Emmetsburg were in the city today on business. Major Smith is recovering from a'protracted spell of illness and while very weak yet is getting along nicely. A B. Bushgens left Saturday for a month's visit in London and Paris. He has left his harness business on State street in the hands of competent men who will.take care of it during his absence. Mr. Bushgens is taking this trip for his health and pleasure combined. Miss Dollie Lombardo arrived in the city yesterday from Osage, where she has been with her brother for a few days. She expects to visit her father here the remainder of the week before going on to Hampton, where she is making her home. Q. What Is the record ski jump to dato? E. McK. A. Alf Engen representing Salt Lake City in the winter sports carnival at Big Pines, Cal., set a new world's record of 213 feet. Q. What .determines tho amount of water vapor in gas? H. A. P. A. The bureau, of standards says that usually both coal gas and water gas leave the manufacturing plant saturated with water vapor according to the temperature of the coldest piece of apparatus thru which they have been passed. Q. Will Clara Bow still be iu r-'c- turcs? M. S. A. Clara Bow is still acting in pictures and will continue to do so according to reports. Q. What is Helen Twelvelrees' address ? N M. S. A. Helen Twelvetrees may be addressed in care of the Pathe Studios, Culver City, Cal. Q. Where can I get the booklet, "Tho Ulan Today?" E. H. A. For information on the Ku Klux Klan at the present time we suggest you communicate with the headquarters of the organization: Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Secretary, N. B. Forrest, P. O. Box 1201, Atlanta, Ga. Q. How many 1 people arc killed in fires yearly? Are fires usually business property or homes? E. F. A. Fire statistics reveal the total annual loss of approximately 10,000 lives by fire. It has been estimated that more than 60 per cent of the total number of fires involving damage to property each year take place in the home. Q. Wliiit are known as "roynl fish?" L. D. A. The whale and sturgeon are so called because they belorlc to the king of England when washed ashore or caught near the coast. Q. Is it true tliat tho Chincss pay pliysic.'ans to "keep them well?" S. M. A. This statement is fallacious, but has this foundation in fact: Upon feast days or holidays, Chinese families make substantial gifts of money to their physicians.^These gifts are expected. They, however, do not pay large fees for actual medical attendance. Q. When did David Graham Phillips die? F. O. S. A. In 1911. THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG TOO MANY KAISER PICTURES MELTONVILLE, March 3.--I see in today's paper another picture of the kaiser. This is the third picture within the last few weeks. Being the mother of a soldier, who a few years ego, was taken across tho seas, against his will, to offer his life to keep this same kaiser and his armies from invading our country, I do not like to spend money for a paper that flaunts his picture, usually on the front page. Our own country has many good men who have sacrificed their livea to keep him at bay. Why not print some of their pictures? My boy, fortunately came home strong and well, but what of Merle Hay and scores of others? What of our neighbor boy who had his jaw all shot to pieces? I am glad God has given him time to repent of his misdeeds but instead of being glad that he has 73 birthdays--this country would have been far better off if he hadn't even had one: Money is scarce and hard to get these days and if you have any more pictures of tho kaiser on hand, please refund my money and stop my paper before you print them. Yours, ROSIE B. DOCKUM, Mcltonville, Iowa. BO-BROADWAY "By .TOSF.l'II VAN BAAI.TE" C'npyrlchlcd 10:11 T FOLKS iÂ»y, unriAn A. OUKST THOSE COMFORTING MAXIMUMS "Blind pigs sometimes an acorn find." "Not always to the swiftXlhe race." Maxims like these oft come to mind When falls a champion from his place. But paste this motto on the wall: The quitter'never wins at all. "Fools rush where angels fear to tread!" "Come times when ignorance is bliss!" For countless years have losers said Skill cannot hurt whom luck would kiss. But stick this motto .o'er the shelf: Luck helps the man who helps himself. The blind pig whining in despair And staying.idly in the sty Would never find an acorn there. He must get out where acorns lie. When wise men halt and fools advance-The fools are giving luck a chance. "He got the breaks!" the loser cries. "The other chap had all the luck!" But listening to the wails and sighs, I think he also had the pluck. And for himself this sign I make: "The quitter can't expect a break!" N EW YORK, March 4.--Sax Rohmer, British writer of mystery stories, reached here the other day from London. He stood on the dock with his nose in the air, as if he were wearing a piece oE limburger as a stickpin, and proceeded to tell the people of the United States of America what a lop-sided, cockeyed, half-baed show they're run- nin'. Sax says he's here to study crime conditions. We're sure glad he told us that. If he hadn't explained so carefully just why he made the trip some of us might have gone away with the idea that Sax was here to replenish Ye Okie English Bank Rolle. Â· ' * Â· * T ITERARY .LIGHTS--There have LÂ« been a lot of British Ht'ry fel- lers breezing over here, lately. They don't seem to care very much for our habits, customs and style of feed; and they're in no way backward about airing their prejudice. But taken by and large they're a rather decent crew and they've demonstrated one'thing: The most valuable quality which the average British writing man possesses is the belief that he is above the average. There's a mark for some of our own Inky Brethren to aim at! * V * 'THE PASSING SHOW--The New 1 York World, one of the oldest --and 20 years ago one of the most powerful--newspapers in town has been sold and discontinued. The paper was founded by old Joe Pulitzer, who kicked off a few years prior to the war, leaving the helm in charge of his sons. Pulitzer was a giant in the journalistic game. He was sitting pretty when William Randolph Hearst crashed In from The Coast on an, invasion of Park Row. These two geniuses, took each other's measure and then locked horns in one, of'the greatest journalistic battles ever waged bctween.- the two Portlands. Some time somebody is going to write the story of that engagement --and what a yarn that will be! Â«Â·Â· * * DULITZER USED TO SAY--. i "Every reporter is a hope-every editor is a disappointment!" He worked himself into a state of nervous collapse building up his papers and spent the last few years of his life in darkness--stone blind --a dynamo spinning round in a sealed chamber. His career and the events following his 'death prove the truth of the old line: "An institiftion is the lengthened shadow of one man." * Â· Â« pASPBERRY AGE--You're not in Â·TV style unless you're hurling the Raspb'rry at somebody or something. Old Clayton Hamilton--you know Clate, th' Orthur an' the the-ater critic--rose to his full height the other evening before a select audience, and said: "Too many people are going to the theater nowadays who ought not to; and too many are staying home who ought to go." Who's Who and Timely Views U. S. STANDARDS OF PUBLIC SERVICE CALLED PERVERTED By SAMUEL UNTEBMYER , New York Lawyer, Samuel Untcrmycr was born at l.yncrhhurc, Vo.. March li, 1858. He .studied nt the College of the City of New York and watt later Krnlualea from Columbia university. Since 1S70 he has practiced law In New York City He has acted as counsel for many 'nationally known persona. In ono case receiving .1 lawycr'n fee of S775.000. In 100-1, '08, '12 and '16 he was a delegate to the democratic national convention, nnd in 1020 was a delcgate-at-largc from New York. W E ARE deficient in the rudiments and practices of a sound social and economic philosophy, and because of our complacency have entrusted our ever- growing complicated affairs to ignorant and incompetent m e n with no knowledge of training in the difficult science of government. I venture to assert that on the whole a more generally untrained body of national, state and local legislators , and one Samuel of lower intellec- Untermyer tual standards, is not to be found in any civilized country on earth. Ours is the veritable paradise of the demagogue and ignoramus in public life. Our standards of public service are EO perverted that true statesmanship rarely dares assert itself if it rung counter to the public delusion of the moment. Our form of government is neither democratic nor highly progressive. 'We cling to outworn forms that are a travesty upon government and make us appear ridicu- lous. One oÂ£ the many illustrations is found in the persistence, thru generations, of our "Lame Duck" congresses. For thirteen months of every two years, we permit ourselves to bo governed and misrepresented in' the house of representatives and permit otir laws to be made and unmade by men who have been expressly repudiated by their constituents. The country is now being shaken to its foundation by the alarming and increasing misery caused by unemployment due to the business depression which is, unfortunately, far from ended. . . . If every industry were compelled with us to bear this burden, as in other lands for whoso form of government we have a degree of contempt commensurate with our ignorance of their institutions, we should not be driven to frantic appeals for help, and it would not be necessary for em- ployes to submit to the loss of self- reapect involved in the acceptance, as charity, of that to which they are entitled, as of right and justice. There Is no reason for this scandalous state of things other than the despotic power of capital over government which enables it to defeat just social legislation and thereby to shift its righteous burdens from tho shoulders of industry to those of charity.