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SAVE ME--I AM PAPER-- 1 Am A m m u n i t i o n For War-- ' Don't Waste or Throw Me Away "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 18, 194* This Paper Consists ol Two Sectior SURPRISE VISIT PAID COMMONS BY CHURCHILL Prune Minister Given i Cheers: Says It's "Too Early" to Drink Toast London, fP) -- Prime Ministei [ Churchill returned to London un- I expectedly Tuesday after canva- J lescing from an attack of pneumo- Iriia in the middle east and told a [ cheering house of commons tha I he expected to make a statemen fon the war in the near future. I The prime minister, who lookec Islightly tired but happy, asked thi Ihouse that he be given "some lati Itude" about the actual date fo fdiscussing the war, thereby indi Â·eating he planned a careful sum Imary of events in prelude to west |ern invasion of Europe. As for himself, when asked b member what steps he was tak ting to relieve himself of some o I his official duties to conserve hf I health, Churchill replied a m i I laughter: I "I am obliged to you for you I solicitude, but I have no change I to propose at present in my rou Itine." I. Churchill again drew laughte Bwheii he'clemurred at Comdr. Ol |vcr Locker-Lampson's propos Ithat "We go off and drink this f.toast: 'Death to all dictators and Tlong life to all liberators.'" , J "H is very early in the morn- Â·jing," Churchill chuckled. \ As the questioning proceeded. [Sir Herbert William asked if I Churchill' were aware of ' any ("false optimism" voiced in a rc- l cent speech in which Gen. Â· Sir Bernard L. Montgomery indicated the probable early capture of Rome. Â· "I don't know about false op. timism," Churchill replied. "There 'has been a lot of bad weather." One qf Churchill's first visitors , b expected to be Gen. Dwight D i Eisenhower, supreme allied com mander for western invasion. The : prime minister has been in close tonch with events during his convalescence, [hut he is reported i anxious to have the latest confi- [.' dentist developments as the. "zero hour?;' approaches. Russians Reported Closing In on Rovno, Key Nazi Point Hull Thinks U.S. Offer to Aid Red-Polish Relations Didnt' Arrive Until Monday AVashington, (3)--Secretary Hull said Tuesday that the American offer to seek a resumption of diplomatic relations between Poland and Moscow apparently did not reach Moscow until Monday morning. This disclosure regarding the time element was taken as one more evidence that the Russians* # * * * * * * at least have taken no steps to i eject the offer, Ai'cording to the best information here, Mr. Hull said, the dispatch containing the American government's decision to make the EARTHQUAKE WRECKS SOUTH AMERICAN CITY -- I. 4 earthquakes which almost destroyed this city of 30,000. Wreckage fills street of San Juan, Argentina, following | (AP wiyeplioto via radio from Buenos Aires). Fear 3,000 Â£ Quake Tallin Argentina ' Buenos Aires, ()--Fears; that the death toll would reach 3,000 were expressed Tuesday;by rescue workers who uncovered still more | .Churchill's smiling'JreaptbeiiVcnce. boclies; in thV',^~dean-jbity-of,-.San r"ih~-commons' cafn^a'S^jaf^rHafiC' 'Juari'.'.which ..was'wrecKe'asbyi surprise-to .the MP's,-f or there had earthquake over the weekend. | .been' no inkling that he was com- I At least 1,200 were known to be 1 dead and more than 5,000 injured. 4TH WAR LOAN DRIVE OPENED Eisenhower, Nimitz, Morgenthau Voice Pleas Washington, (U.R)--The $14,000,00,000-".. fourth ... war loan .drive _ ^Argentina observed a national ing Home -sgoh. Carrying a large bundle Â· of typewritten documents,- he sud- L-. -. m o u r n i n o Tuesday denly emerged from the shadows |Â» a y. oÂ£ mournin,, iuesaay. behind the speaker's chair and Estimates of the damage, in- walked briskly to-his seat. Cheers eluding part of the wine crop : I'lO a. m. after iNorth Africa. His arrival, I thundered spontaneously, and the members sprang to their feet. Several gasped in astonishment. The prime minister, back in Britain for the first time since his I epochal conferences with Fresi- r dent Roosevelt and Premier Stalin [in,Teheran, reached London about a journey from terminating his Ilongest wartime absence from the Icountry, was kept semi-private Pand was devoid of fanfare. Few [Britons, indeed, were aware that I the prime minister's recovery was [sufficiently advanced to permit I his leaving the warm climate of [north Africa to return to Britain. Churchill gave his familiar V- Isign to the crowd as he strode [from the train to a waiting anto- | mobile, -but he was not smoking reached as high as 5100,000,000.' The ruined city has been entirely evacuated, and only soldiers' and rescue squads still remain digging among_the debris. The actual number of injured-which has been estimated as higl as 13,000--still was uncertain. Public and private contribution! arc continuing to pour in and an expected to reach 40,000,000 pesos The British embassy donated 5 tons of packaged food which wa about to be shipped overseas t British prisoners of war in Ger many. Two German organiza tions donated 28,000 pesos. Expressing Secretary of Stat Cordell Hull's condolences, U. f Ambassador Norman A r m o u transmitted 'to the Argentine gov ernment an offer of the America [the usual cigar. He wore an RAF I uniform. Ten weeks had elapsed since jChurchill left Britain to meet [President Roosevelt and Gener- Laiissimo Chiang Kai-Shek at j Cairo, from where he and the ] (president went on to Teheran to (meet Stalin and map the final 1 plans for the downfall of Ger- I many. The first .announcement of his I illness came on Dec. .16. when i Deputy Prime Minister Clement Attlee informed the house of commons that the prime minister had i developed a patch Â· of pneumonia on his left lung. The indomitable Churchill soon rallied, however, and quickly regained his strength while convalescing at Marrakech, Morocco. Red Cross to send aid. Yank Patrol Crosses Rapido for Probe, Then Withdraws Â· Allied Headquarters. Algiers, (IP)--An American patrol crossed the Rapido river .north of Cassino and probed the nazis' strong "Gustav line" positio'ns, headquarters announced Tuesday. French troops oc- ' ---- -*cupied Sant' Elia, 3 miles north- uccess;'rpnvt'-'Gen.Â· 6Tw"i*i:JÂ£ f :.S , Jisenhpwerj '.Admiral Ch es't e r T imitz, and Secretary of Treasury Ic'nry Morgenthau, Jr.' ' In Philadelphia, the liberty bell vas struck Tuesday morning by layor S. Bernard Samuel and icard throughout the nation by adio as 5,000,000 volunteer sales- west of Cassino. ^The doughboy patrol found the Germans entrenched in fortified offer was not received in Moscow until Monday morning because of atmospheric conditions. This implied that the offer could not have been brought to the attention of the Russian gov-' eminent by Ambassador \V. Averell Harriman until after the Russians had issued their strongly disapproving statement on the Polish message which requested British and American intervention in the dispute. The Poles said they could not accept decisions brought about by Russia alone and the sians said that the Polish note amounted to a rejection of Russia's offer to settle territorial Questions on the basis of the old urzon line laid out during the Vorld war. Hull's disclosure Tuesday, re- errinK to Monday morning Moso\v time, meant that the Rus- ians had not so far gone on rec- rl after receipt of the Amerian offer that they would be unable to accept the offer. The secretary said in response o questions that he had no in- ormation--the same answer he lad given jMonday--regarding the publication, in. the. communist Journal Pravda of reports that he British had discussed peace .erms with German Foreign Min- Indignation Is Voiced by British Press GERMANS' GRIP ON VAST AREA IS THREATENED Offensive in Leningrad Front Continues to Roil On; 5 Towns Taken By HENRY C. CASSIDY Moscow, I/P)--Troops of Gen. Ikolai Vatutin's 1st Ukrainian army were reported closing in London, (/Pj--The British press Tuesday on Rovno (iif old Pa- minced no words Tuesday in ex- land), key German commumca- pressing indignation over Pravda's tions center 110 miles south ol publication of a British-German Pinsk, another mam objocUye ol 'separate peace" talk rumor, the Vatutin's forces 011 the northern London Daily Mail denouncing it edge of the frozen Pripet marshes, as insulting and the Manchester Fall of Rovno, junction of thÂ« Guardian calling it a "slanderous ^d'^:TM"^"-and Sarny- accusation." The British foreign office denial of the authenticity of Pravda's "separate peace" story has been brought - to the attention of the soviet government by the British charge d'affaires in Moscow, it was announced Tuesday. Lwow railways, inevitably would imperil the German grip on a vast area of southern and southwestern Russia, already threatened by Vatutin's left wing driv- Rumanian fron- center, based on Novograd Volynski. 50 miles east ister Ribbentrop. Russia's reaction to -this country's offer to help close the diplomatic breach between Moscow The morning papers generally O f Rovno, was driving on the rail displayed the story on their front hub from the east, northeast and pages, emphasizing that the Brit- north, constituting a triple threat ish foreign office had issued a flat which made its early capture a denial of the truth of the report 1 possibility. One column moving printed in Moscow by the com- j n from the northeast already has munist party organ. Not one Lon- occupied Tuchin, 13 miles away, don afternoon paper published! Soviet engineers were called in the Moscow story Monday, al- to provide equipment for the lough there was no censorship crossing of the Horyn river, which an I flows westward through Tuchin s In the absence of any official outskirts, and which has: not xplanatton from Moscow, and in I frozen -sufficiently for transport lev ments never to make a separate! Shields Appear as Big Drive Gets Under Way Des Moines, Â«P)'-- Red, white . . . . . . . . . and blue shields began to appear men, some.of them jumping the j n the windows of Iowa homes Plane Crashes Into House, Sets Fire to Others; 8 Thought Deac Oakland. Cal., (flV-An army transport plane crashed Tuesday a few minutes after it iiad left the Oakland airport, and all aboard-probably 8--were killed. The twin-engined ship fell into a, residential area, demolished a house, and the resulting fire spread to several other homes. Police believed all Â· occupants of the house escaped. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-Gazette carrier boy. PRIME MINISTER CHURCHILL --Return* to London TAUGHT S. S. 5Â« TEARS " Washington. Iowa, tP) -- Mrs. Julia Cavcndcr. 00, a l i f e l o n g Washington resident and Methodist Sunday school teacher for 50 years, died Sunday. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy and somewhat colder Tuesday night and Wednesday; lowest Tuesday night 25. Iowa: Partly cloudy Tuesday nigh: and Wednesday. Continued mile Tuesday, becoming moderately colder Wednesday. Minnesota: Mostly c l o u d y ant m o d e r a t e l y colder Tuesday night and Wednesday. Ligh snow flurries north portion T u e s d a y night, diminishin; Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette ' weather statistics Maximum Monday 47 Minimum Monday night 30 At 8 a. m. Tuesday 34 YEAR AGO: Maximum Minus 10 Minimum Minus 16 Precipitation .05 Snowfall 1 inch gun and beginning: their canvass at midnight, opened a campaign loped to reach every man and ivomen. Ted R. Gamble, national director of the drive, was caught by one of the 12:01 a. m. salesmen iust as the campaign officially segan. He got a sales talk and bought a 5100 bond. And 2 counties--Pershing county, Sev., and Cherry county, Nebr.-- reported that their quotas were exceeded before the drive opened. Eisenhower, Nimitz, and Mor- genthau--the first 2 'from, their posts in the war theaters, the latter from Washington -- joined movie stars, opera singers and the governors of 4 states in a 4 network dramatized "program emphasizing the slogan of the current drive, "let's all back the attack."- ' Eisenhower, declaring that Vwe are about to test finally whether democracy can sustain all-out battle," said success in the fourth ar loan would aid in softening up he enemy "by showing every" azi soldier and . civilian that \merica was united behind "its cat invasion force." Nimitz, from the ' Pacific, said we cannot win unless our fight- ng forces receive prompt and ade- SAeservey Sells $25 Per Capita Meservey -- Meservey showed he way for Cerro Gordo county londay night by jumping the gun in the 4th war loan drive and elling a per capita average of S25 vorth of war bonds and stamps at donbleheader basketball game. The census Â«aker in 1940 counted and business houses Tuesday as campaign the state Â· f o r got the 4th war loan $177,000,000 from under way. Â·The window slickers are given to purchasers of war bonds bought during the drive, and the stickers .say, "We bought extra war bonds--1th war loan cam- skirmish. French forces advanced 1,000 yards to seize Sant' Elia, and also captured the hamlet of Valvori 2 miles farther northeast as the allied arc tightened on Cassino, sentinel of the valley pathway to Rome. Patrols were active elsewhere 282 inhabitants and that number jresumably has shrunk with the calls of the armed forces. But S6.825 of the town's 510,609 quota n the bond drive was raised jusf n admissions, to the baskctbal game. Admission for adults was a S25 war bond purchase, while liigh school students had to bus SI worth of war stamps and grade school, pupils 50 cents worth. The alumni quintet took the high school into camp, 39-33 while the high school girls de feated a town 'team, 26-23, as Â«n tertainment dividends to the b buyers. cargoe . ." h quate logistic support . . and ships to bring them added: "To guarantee our succes requires the continous and un stinted purchase of war bonds." Morgenthau declared that "we'r tishting a gang and a system tha would turn you and me into an' mal?*." and that "we're going I be' sure this time that the cncm lays down its ideas as well as i arms." paign." More than 40,000 volunteers fanned out over the state to help the state meet its quota. , In connection with.the opening of the campaign Gov. B. B. Hickenlooper issued the following from the coas statement: position from "The people f of Iowa look upon high ground, the 4th war loan campaign as an opportunity to do their share fully toward the attainment of military Â· objectives now established and announced by our military leaders. '?The; year 1944 will see (treat ilitary campaigns, with great xpenditurcs of men and material, ith great necessity that food, mmunition, guns, planes, tanks id equipment be ready and in lace at the right time. "We are asked to loan our joney through investment in war onds in order that our men and dmen in the armed services may ave this equipment. We arc sked to do it now and to keep on ntil the victory is won.-This is ery little, that we 'are asked to "There is danger that optimism may prompt a slowing up in our ffort. Reports are better, but they vill continue to be better only be- ause of full effort o.n our part lere.at home. The attack must not inly be continued, but increased, nd we have our part in that at- ack. Buy war bonds.'' , \ on the fifth army front, and the allies continued consolidating recent gains. The Germans meanwhile quickly put last minute touches on their new line which from Cassino to Sant' Elias runs along the west side of the Rapido, in some places considerably back from the river's bank, on the slopes of Mt. Castellone. Canadians supported by tanks launched an attack on the Adriatic flank on a 1,000 yard front in the Tommaso area about a mile inland from the coast. Despite stiff op- Germans holding they . made some gains which included a lootholc across a stream flowing into the sea. ! At last reports, the fighting was continuing with satisfactory results. i . The weather was fine but somewhat cloudy on the nth army front, with sales blowing hard in the mountains. In the eighth army front it was cold and clear in the coastal area, but there were high winds and snow inland. Aloft, allied heavy and medium bombers smashed al enemy communications, and- RAF Welling- tons early Tuesday bombed the Pisa railway yards in bright moonlight. U. S. heavy bombers struck at rail' lines at Prato, Pontassicve and Arezzo between Florence and Rome, medium bombers pounded railway yards' at Chairavelle, Vi- ,terbo. -and Orte, and fighter- bombers hit docks, nt Anzio and rail yards at Palo. exile ^was 'awaited ''as a "possible way out of the most difficult predicament in which the leading united nations have yet found themselves. The predicament: How to gel two members back on speaking terms. Despite Russia's evident determination to play a lone hand in settling her border problems to the west, there was some optimism here that the reply to Secretary of State Hull's offer, announced Monday, would be favorable. This was based on the fact tha the American offer extends only to the question of diplomatic re lalions and presumes no interven tion in the settlement of Po land's / territorial dispute wit] Russia. On 'this point alone, th state department obviously be lieves, Moscow may be willing to accept the "good offices" of the 3rd nation. One of the puzzling factors in the whole situation which American officials were at complete loss to explain was the publication by Pravda .Monday of a ~. An ^ "Associalefrf Press Â· dispatch from Madrid, meanwhile, said Â·juthorized Spanish sources denied Monday night that Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim yon Ribbentrop had been in Spain and termed Pravda's "Cairo rumor" that von Ribbentrop had discussed peace with 2 British officials on the "Pyreneese peninsula" as ridiculous. From Lisbon, similarly, an Associated Press dispatch quoted British, G r e e k and Jugoslav sources as disclaiming any information of the rumored peace talks. Allied diplomats, there recalled there was no substantiation for previous rumors that von Ribben- trop had been in Portugal. The Daily Mail, wfiose headline read: "Britain Kills 'Separate .__ 5-day-old ft.,*.meanwhile, continued to rril'for- ward with the occupation ol ,5 additional localities north and northeast of Novospkolniki, Â» rail junction on the line connecting Velikie-Luki and Riga (the old- Latvian capital.) Town captured Monday, said the Russian war bulletin, included Kurova, 7 miles northeast of Novosokolniki:. Kiselevichi,. '10 miles to the north; Alkhimovo. 12 miles on the northeast, and Sloboda, 15 miles to the north. (The German high command said the Russians were attacking north and northwest of Nevel, north of Lake Ilmen, south of ^cningrad and south of Oranien- Daiim, with "'growing intensity." Peace* Lie," commented that "the newspaper Pravda must 'be remarkably ignorant of British national standards. This is the only excuse we can find for it." "To the world at large the story carries its refutation on its face," said the Manchester Guardian, "but what is not pleasant is that such slanderous accusation against 'Cairo report" that 2 British of-1 an aJJy should be circulated Town of Thor More. Than Doubles Quota in 4th War Bond Drive Thor, (/Pl~-This town of 264 population in Humboldt county more than doubled its 4th war loan quota by 11 o'clock Tuesday morning. Quota for the town was set at $7,000 and b y ll o'clock S14.587.50 in war bonds had been sold. The drive is not yet completed, and 1. A. Baumann, war bond chairman, anticipates an even greater total before evening. WAR RISK RATES CUT London. (fP)--Reflecting further improvement ip shipping conditions, a supplementary schedule . . . ,. of- war risk rales dated Jan. 17 re- American S!h army.troops.have duced the quotation on cargoes captured Mount Trocchio, and between north and central Amcri- French units have taken Valca and the Persian gulf fr.om lerntonda and Cardil*. Â»n the 7 J ,i to 6V4 per cent, allied front in Italy, ' Â· ficials had conferred secretly with German Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop on feelers for a separate peace. Pravda, organ of the communist part and a voice of considerable authority in the soviet capital, attributed the report to "reliable G r e e k and Jugoslav sources." The, report was emphatically denied by British Ambassador Lord Halifax in Washington and by the British foreign office in London, bnt diplomatic quarters questioned why. if they was no truth in it, Pravda. obviously with official sanction, would have published it purely on a rumor basis. One possible explanation, tied in with the Polish affair, was ! that the Russians were displeased with continued British efforts to seek.a solution of a dispute which Moscow considers to be a domes- ic issue and uscc! this means of obliquely expressing its resentment. Another speculation was that the Russians were trying to force the British government into reaffirming adherence to the unconditional surrender of Germany on which all the great allies have repeatedly agreed. among the Russian people." The Daily Express, owned by Lord Beaverbrook. one of Russia's best friends in Britain, carried no editorial. A political correspondent, however, wrote thai the rumor had been making the rounds in various forms since Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden conferred with Turkish representatives at Cairo. "But it was regarded as so fantastic and so obviously intended to make mischief between the al- , Berlin broadcasts said the red irmy was using 250,000 men on a 250-mile-long front below Leningrad and acknowledged Russian breakthroughs north of Nevel north of .Lake Ilmen and southwest of Vitebsk, White Russian base which has been under siege by Gen. Ivan Bagramian's Baltic army for weeks.) The red army communique made no mentiioii of the situation lower White Russia, where G e n . Konstantin Rokossovsky's forces were last reported battling their way through the frozen, Priet marshland toward Pinsk, 100 miles to the west. Advance columns of Vatutin's right wing, meanwhile, operating out ot Sarny to the north along the Horyn river, were said to be within 47 miles of Pinsk. \ In the lower Ukraine, Vatutin's left wing repulsed fierce German counter-attacks Monday, the soviet bulletin said. Main fighting centered north of Uman, 12 miles south of Yarovatka, where the p. I YANKS TAKE MOUNTAIN-- Report Not Passed by Cairo Censors Cairo, (JP--Pravda's C a i r o dated stffry on the rumored British-German separate peace meeting "emphatically" was not passed by the Cairo censorship, a responsible source said Tuesday. (The Cairo censorship is British-controlled. Authorities in London had expresesd doubt Monday that the communist paper's article had pasesd this censorship. The story was dated Jan. 12 and published Jan. 17. It could have^lcfi Cairo by some means other than the normal, censored routes.) Y lies that it was ignored, 1 ' he wrote. 'When it received publicity in so influential a quarter as Pravda, however, the British government at once decided to deny it officially and to bring this 'denial directly to the notice of the soviet government." * Other Red Papers Omit "Rumors" Moscow, (JP)--Neither Izvestia, official government' newspaper, nor Red Star, official newspaper of the red army, published Tuesday the "rumors from Cairo" story about an alleged separate peace neeting between 2 British officials Ro ~ -,, 2 6, was sentenced in dis- and Joachim von Ribbentrop, Ger-l i r 1 ^ court to not morc than 10 Russians previously had cut the Smela-Khrislinovka railway, a minor nazi .escape route from the middle Dnieper bend. Uman is 90 miles southeast of Vinnitsa, where reinforced German lines have temporarily held up the red army spearheads. The communique reported that on all fronts Monday 2,300 Germans had been killed, 1,200 of them on the Leningrad front. Gets 10 Year Sentence on Robbery Charges DCS Moiiics, (tV)--He.rschel man foreign minister. There was no editorial comment n cither Izvestia or Red Star about Monday's Pravda story, which is still Tuesday's big news in Moscow. Pravda, the official communist party newspaper, does not publish Tuesdays. Ever since publication of the story the telephone of every .foreigner here who has any Russian friends has almost rung off the desk with calls inquiring what it is all about. F o r e i g n diplomats expressed more surprise over why the Rus- ' sians published the rumor than over what the rumor reported. years in Fort Madison penitentiary by Judge O. S. FrankHn. Judge Franklin pronounced the sentence after accepting Roach's plea oi guilty to robbery. Roach confessed to participating in two Des Moines taxi driver holdups with William Hoelscher, 19, fomier marine, officers- said. Hoelscher was captured in a gun battle with city detectives, returned to Indiana on a charge of murdering a Chicago salesman and sentenced to life imprisonment. Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globe-GÂ»Ktte carrier boy.