The Evening Post from New York, New York on February 5, 1818 · Page 2
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The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

New York, New York
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Thursday, February 5, 1818
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XElT.YoHK'ErE.'tWQPOST. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5. Tbt angry and impudent pnrajraph which appeared in the Commercial Advertiserlast eyee - nasi wait my leiturt for'aa answer, and I ' .kail nmhbtr ttiul ta it to - morrow. Ia the mean time, tht editor need b under no appre hensions, least bis anger tubside t , If any rettj tact caa ba placed n the observation of tome Tear, a meek ami - quiet pint" forms no part of the many promioeot christian virtues of dea - . con Zacharuh Lewis. Tht Buntmanhaii cfat'm. In answer to na - , nerous applications from gentlemen in congress, ' I repuWub the following article ; and snail fol low it - with a stilt more satisfactory elucidation of facts, from the same source ;' in the hope, that it will be now put at rest forever. The information ; contained in the' following ( .'article was written ty (be late Gouverneur Mor - ' rit, end furwahed for puWicalioo ia 1307, when - the claim of Ueaumarcbait wet first presented to congress. No man them living was prooauiy so cpOTcrsaotwiib the facts detailed. .: Beaumarehnit lu the revolutionary war, America received supplies of rloathiog and military stores from Mr. Beaomsrcbai. It was co - torious that this retitfemag was incapable of fur nishing tht m from his own' resources i it was believed, Uierelibre. that be derived his means . irons Ihu roval Uasurtr. Afterwards. When - . Mr. raoklio, the American tmmaler, teiueu our i accounts with monsieur de Vergenne, the Uni - Ud States were ctiAijfd under thiee distinct - i .1. - - - - - - . i . i i : I f .: r, Tk . cam, lunun. uimuio9. aiiu iin cut. . iuc , pavmenti were - pointed out. except that of 1,000,000, given fu 1776; and when Mr. Franklin cleared to knpw what had become of that mo sey, be was told, that being a gift no expiana lion was oecevary. . Mr Franklin was or ap - . peared to be aalisDed. , before that 'settlement, ' however, Mr. Beaumarchais, who had an agent ln America, pressed for payuentof supplies lur - nished, and obtained from congress bills for two milium two hundred thousand livres on their ministers ia Europe who, by the bye, had no meant or payment. Mr. Gerard, the rench . minister at Philadelphia, (brother to Mr. Ray - wneval, a secretary in the count de Vergennes' office,) patronised Mr. de Beaumarchais' de - v mand, which, however, was represented by some if Ik nnhlin Mwvnti n. iVitmnril - ma wtutliv tin. ; (bunded, and a mer& scheme to put monet. in the pockets of individuals. - There was much opposition, therefore, in congress. Tbe resolu - - lioa was carried, on the principle, that America, having rece - ved the - supplies, oaght to pay for ' them : That, to say tbe court furnisnea lunus, ' Was an assertion without Droof : and the claim be - J log made with the privity and countenance of the f reocb minuter, it was to be presumed, a - . greeabU to his superiors i Finally, that as the American minister in raris, would hardly accept the bills before be was assured of meant to pay them, the court could, if they pleased, set Utters right there. 1 These bills made afterwards a serious' deduction lirom a subsidy of si millions, granted by . the kiug, for carrying on lite war, When monsieur de la Luterne, the successor of monsieur Gerard, learot that the subsidy had been anti - iMtil in t Vi t m.nn. K m . iia..ttil 1 1 .... t i o d tion in strong terms, and desired, that if Mr. Beaumarchais made any more claims be might .. pe referred lor paymeut to the r rencn court tamed pretty clear that the million unaccounted tot had been Angered . by Mr. Beaumarchais, it wras natural to press for - a disclosure, in order tba it mibt be charged to him here, in the set - . 1. rantlui, con - ceivmg perhaps that Lue circumstance was not ' Important, maU the aettlemrnt abova mention ed, l'crhaps he could obtain do other. - rr - ftnpf he did not ttel hiMelf in a condition to uniit that the alleged gift should not appear in the ac count, till lb application of it was disclosed rernaps the old gentleman thought it most pro - : dent to let the article stand open for elucidation ; as time might afford. ' - . Two reasons may be assigned for secrecy The one of a public uature. certainly had weizht France bad affocted a strict neutrality previous to the treaty by which our independence was ac knowledged, and had occasionally riven assuran ces to that effect j and even at lord S'ormoul'i instigation, had seised goods and embargoed ves - mis aesuned to this country. On these occa sions, lieaumarchais made strong representa tions, claiming bis rights as a cibsen, and com plaining of the Injury to his property. These which were not calculated for lord Stormont's inspection, proved a little too much. Persons who understood the French government, knew vJmt inrh ntmnnifranrM wntili! nf ha haan hazarded by anyone, not previously sure of protection. If, however,after so many assurances, it had been acknowledged that this very Mr. Beaumarchais was employed b the ministry to send out these very goods at the king's expense, it would have furnished tbe British government with the proof they wanted. The second was perhaps the efficient reason, tboueh of a orivata natnra. Prhai th French minister, good naturedly, wished that AmericaJ in prosperity, should refund to the king's tub - jects, what had been granted by his majesty's bounty in our adverse condition, and he might not be unwilling that Mr. Kaynevl, an old and able sorvaot, should share a handsome sum with Air. Beaumarchais. - After the king was dethroned, the American minister in Franca was so fortunate as to obtain a copy of Mr. Beaumarchais' receipt. Now as the French government formerly alleged the free gift of a million and as the receipt of Mr. Beau - marcbais has been since given to hew how that million was disposed of, it seems no more than reasonable at this lime, when they demand payment for Mr. Beaumarchais, that they should prove the million in question was applied to our uc ui mn onirr way." To Hie Editor of tfu few - York Evening Pott. . .. Sir - On a perusal of the report of the secre tary of the trcatnry respecting tbe collection of amies on imported goods, and the specific dubes o oe iaia on certain articles in lieu or ad valo rem, perhaps it has not occurred to 'many of jour reanerj mat in this proposed change of le - vying the duties, aa unheard of advance is art - fully recommended. Wiihwt adverting to the illiberal aspersions which the secretary has en - Uavcred to cast on the importers of dry goods, but which tbe collectors Ui the different ports in the Vales have, by their silence, acknowledged to be unfounded, I will endeavour to shew ix.w unfair (nil change will bear on those articles 'with.which I am acquainted j and would recom mend to every importer to examine every article and make their calculations - in ord?r to . - it certain u any, and how much, advance of duty is contemplated. This 1 cot - ider essentially ne - eeesary, as tbe members of eooeress cannot he apposed to inow Ute manufacturer's price of ervery imponta amrie, and are consequently auaunwjiiujg wo cuier nicy are imposing any sew hardens oq tbe paMic, and o wh:it extent. Ifo roods that are manufactured of diff - rcnt qualities caa be subjected to a sppeiEc duty on any jost grounds. Tbe importer orlers aach qualities of roods as bis demands red n ire: now fiott and next coarse, as the rase may be if ntne, ne does not pay aa equivalent duty ; d of a "arse qoality, he pars more than tust ; hence aoaequalitieiof Mods wWpay adity of about a 15 !.8rjtrcent,mndoher75 percent. Oppose an importer receive a package of fine worsted hosiery that cost 48s. per doseo, duty 1 50, equal to 14 pe? cent, en we vaiue, . abuuwt importer receives a package of coarse worsted hose that cost 9. per do, duty $1 60, equal to 75 per cent, on the value. - It becomes then absolutely necessary that each consignment should be m assorted qualities to at letnaee aa average price, the importer is therefore obliged to purchase roods not suited to bis particular business. nor perhaps even to the market, tla ving shewn the ineaualitv of thus levying a specific duty on those goods hitherto subject to ad valorem, I shall next shew the advance of duties on tbe ar ticles of hosiery and umbrellas, contemplated m the secretary's report. Supposing the first to be assorted, tbe price of cotton hosiery, as imported, mav be com pa Led about 20s. per dot. duty 21 50, equal to 33 3 - 4 per cent.; as worsted hosiers renerallr averages a trifle more than cotton, the duty may be fixed at about 30 per cent. cotton half hose wdl pay a duty of 32 per cent, worsted ditto, about 27 per centpresent duty on hosiery only Zi per cent. Stockings of flax this article is peculiar to France, average price about 16 francs, duty J I 50 per dozen, equal to 50 per cent. ; half hose of the same materials, averacecost 8 francs, duty 80 cents per dot. equal to 53 per cent, on the value present duty on the last two mentioned articles only 10 1 - 2 percent quarter stockings, a term unknown to any manufacturer of botiery, requiriug particular instructions to our collectors whether they shall measure from tbe toe or the heel upward - . If - umbrella are not assorted in like manner so as to make an average, (a very rare case,' as there are lew good umbrcHs imnorteJ) ute duty on tht hunt priced umbrtllai will be equal to the original entt, and the duty on the best cotton umbrellas nearly 50 per cent, present duty on this article ouly 33 per cent. If every article specified in the secretary's report is subject to the same objection as those I have mentioned, it may justly be termed the " Poor ManU Imw," as the duties on articles suited for his consumption will be increased three - fold, and the duties on such articles aa are appropropriated for the rich will be diminished in the same proportion.,, " J. K. Pearl - street, 3d Feb. 1818.. fe'ee an excellent editorial article in the iC. Y. Daily Advertiser, on the above subject. Ed. . Post. Philaueuais, Feb. 4. The Storm. Yesterday this city experienced a severe storm of wind and sleet, probably the greatest wt have had this season. 1'he storm wa principally from the East, but frequently the wind shifted to everv point of the compass, nu Diew witn great viormce. a chimney was blown down in South Front - street, below Mar ket - street. We are apprehensive that other damage has be n sustained in and about tbe city, and country adjacent The situation of vrsseU who may be on tbe coast, must be aw ful - The Delaware ia fast locked by ice ; and will not we fear be airain free for weeks, een though we should have a return of mild weather. It would require davs of vernal sun to remove the mass of ice formed since Saturday last. . Plymouth, Feb. I. Sclir. Risincr States, Yeats, from New - York. for Lubec, put in here for a harbour. Last ni;ht she dragged her anchors aud brought up . I I 1 - - J ! ' iii uic ice, wucrcsuc nucs saic. - Boston, Feb 3. The navigation of this harbour is obstructed by ice j within the two last cold nights, it has frozen quite down to' Fort Independence, with the exception of a narrow passage in the channel. , Faox Care Mat, Feb. 1. ' On Friday, a iliio like the Gr - al Wade Mtnrraxv a Drih', ana z sciis. went into Old Kiln Bpads. Same time 4 sclis and 3 sloops, at anchor here, (one the Pochahotrus.) In the evaning; came on a heavy snow storm, wind N N E. No damage done. This evening the echs and sloops trot under wcifrh. and stood to the eastward." Latctl from Europe. By the arrival this morning of the fine fast sailing ship Nestor, capL Sterling, in 35 days from Liverpool, we have re ceived London Commercial Shipping Lists to the x3d of December, arid London and Liverpool papers to the 36th ol the same month. The weather, during tbe three first wetlcs in Decem ber, was uncommonly tempestuous on the coast of Europe many vessels were wrecked, and in some instances all .the souls onboard perished. The U. S. ship FrankliD, (74,) with Mr. Rush, our minuter to the court of London, 'arrived at Portsmouth on the 16th December, from Anna polis. The following is the manner in which his arrival is announced in a Liverpool paper of the t5tb December: ' The Hon. J. Rush, Minister from the Uni ted States, arrived at Portsmouth on Tuesday se'nnight, and in London on Thursday. II is Excellency, with his family and suite, came over in the American ship of war Franklin, of 74 guns, the first of that class, that has been seen in a British port, bearing the broad pen dant of Commodore Stuart, and commanded by Captain Ballard. This ship is allowed to be the finest vessel of her class ever built in Amt - Her burthen is 2500 tons. She will proceed, in a few days, to the Mediterranean, to join the American squadron in that sea." fhe state of tbe markets, marine intelligence, and extracts from the papers, will be found ia our columns this evenins;. LIVERPOOL. Dec. 24. 1817. There is a good demand for oplanrl cottons, in the lower qualities, which are about Id per lb. higher within the last two da) s. 1'be adiance is owing to the difference which existed for some time in the price between the low and high qua lilies of 1 t - rl per lb. The new crop comes forward slower than was expected, and stands in so hightthat importers cannot aff rd to sell at less than tho present rates tor rood qualities. - Ashls arc in rood demand at advanced price. andhdJers are expeoing still higher ones for forpoti. Carolina rice is scarce, and as no supplies bare lately arrived,' prices remain universally tle smc. very consiaeraoie dusiocss waa dooe in tobacco during the last month, on which account dullness pre tails lo Uie article at present, to which an importation of about 600 bnds contributes. There are scarcely any Kentucky's or Carolina's in the market, and there ere few of n other kind or leaf snftViently i heap (or ex portation. We do lot foresee any material reduction in prices. nnsn sweet Soar is scaire, an 4 is selling at 6!s a "H per bbls ; sour 53s a 54s. Wo refer yoa to the annexed quntatioos, and remain reipectful - ly, io. Cotton Sea Mand, very fine, 3s ; uplands Md U 1 3d ; NOrl - ana iO l - 2d a tld. 7 oioree - Janies River. 5d a I Sd ; Kentucky ad a 61 : p. astK, 54s a 58s ; pearl athes 6Us a 62s; rice 50s a 5 Is. From the London General Shipping and Com - mercial List, from tho 16th to the 23J Dec I DnL Dec. 15 Arrived, the KUArm. fsm 1 Qaebcc. 1 Dover, Dec. 15 - ArrivaJbJ Mry. Thomp son, fresn Quebec V - ; : Gravetend, Uec. 13 ?rnveu,ue Reed, from Quebec; Bittern, fcaoJars, new - York s Unity. Harrison.. Quebec Nerlna, Jef freys, do ; Daedalus, 6pencer, do. Southampton, Dec. 15 Arrived, the Venus, fmm NaW.Vnrk. ' Whitehaven, Dec 13 Arrived, Ue anion, Wilson, from America. Lisbon, Nof . 27 Arrived, the Support, nd - liams. from New - York.' Plymouth, De H - The Kitty It Clara is arrived here this day from Rtwcoff. She bason board three geullemen, who bad bocn wrecked ... " - . . tri ' iL - aMnai in a ship bound to Liverpool. v nen uw v - left RoscofT, news had arrived there of Jwo In - rn - mM nntnuim hcin? on shore, at the island of Bass, they were complete wrecks, and aluwet every person on board lost. On tlie coast of Franc renerallr. accounts had been received of 14 sail of merchantmen being wrecked, among which were several East and Wert lnoiamen board this shin ffrom Guernsey) stated that a large ship, from London bound to Ireland, was totally lost on tnai coast, on won dav night, and all on board perished. Dec. 17. BrisioL Dec. 16 Arrived, Bristol Trader, Spalding, Boston. Deal, Dec. 16 Arrived, Melantho, Parry, Quebec ; Hannah, Dixon, do. Dover, Dec. 16 Arrived, Hope, Robinson, Quebec. Gravesend. Dec. 13 Arrived, Tontine, Tur - ley, New - York. lh, Cstsar, Harper, Quebec. Sailed, Dec 16, Washington, Foreman, New - York. Uvenuol. Dec. .14 Arrived', Lancaster, West, Ptiiladelphia ; Tlios. Naylor, Gill, Que bec ; Fanny, Cobhed, Virginia j Kitty, Jo: Rritidi Tar. Williamson, Boston. Off tbe Lixard, Dec 13, tbe Harriet, from Quebec. Plymouth, Dec. 15 Arrived, John, Parks, Norfolk ; Cruieer, , do. Portsmouth. Dec 16 Arrived, Franklin, Am 74, New - York, with Mr. Rush, the American minister, and suite. Bremen, Dec. 15 Arrived, Atalanta, Rose, Georgetown, fit. Helena, Oct 15 Sailed, Seneca, Clark, New - York. The True - Blue. Atherden, ( arrived at Liver cool from New - Brunswick) foil in with the Jane. Pedder. from 61. Andrews for Working ton, water - logged,, and took the captain and crew on board. The General Pike, of and from Philadelphia to Mobile, has been abandoned at sea. The Baltic. Coffin, from Bristol to New - York, put back to Bristol on Saturday, leaky, and must discharge. . - The Roxana, Williams, from New - Orleans, bound to Havre, with loss of sails and other da - maere. has put into Guernsey. The Stentor, from Bengal, spoke, on the 13th Nov. the Leomdas, of rairhaven, from New - York for Muscat, in lat 13, 10, N. long 26, W December 18. Carlincford Bay, Dec 12. Arrived, Colum bia, Allen, from N York in distress, bound to Liveroool. was thrown on her beam ends on the nie - ht of the 7th inst. in a violent irale, du ring which she threw about 600 barrels of ap ples overboard. Deal. Dec. 17. Arrived and tailed for the River, Perseverance, Prapert, from Quebec. Falmouth, Dec. 15. Arrived, Hunter, Da vis, (for orders) from Norfolk. Off the Me of Wiglit, Dec. 16. Arrived, Electra, Williams, (16th) from Philadelphia. Bordeaux, Dec. 8 Arrived. Reindeer, Tra cy, from N York. Garonne, Dec. 9. Arrived, Com. Ferry, , from N York. - A vessel, supposed f rom America, was wrecked at Sandwood, near Cape Wrath, 23d ulL and it is feared all the crew drowned i a - bout 100 Iocs of pine timbtw were cast on sliore. - December 19. Belfast, Dec 15. Arrived, Ceres, Quandrill, Philadelphia. Clyde, Dec. 16 Arrived, Hasard, Hannah, fbiladelpbia. Miled, Dec. 13, T. Witsou, Thompson, New - York. . Dartmouth, Dec. 17 Arrived, Susan, Owens, Virginia. Deal, Dec. 18 Came down from the river and remains in the Downs, Washington, Fore nan, A ew - York. The Electra, Williams, from Pbilade'nbia to London, waa dismasted, and lost her anchors and cables, during a violent rale on the night ot tne 7th mat. and has been carried into St. Maloea by some fishing1 boats. December 20. Dover, Dec 19 Arrived, Gideon, N York Gravesend, Dec 18 Arrived. Venus, fico - vell, New - York. Liverpool, Dec 10 Arrived. Chatworth. larnes, uaiumore ; Adrian a, lfenaldson, Philadelphia. December 32. Cowes, Dec. 21 Sailed, Orvra, Auld, for saralinan j London Packet, Duukin, for Baltimore. Deal, Dec. 21 Arrived, Gen. Pike, Credi ford, from Virginia, for Amsterdam. Falmouth, Dec 20. Sailed, the Grace packet, for NYork, with the December mail. Grave send, Dec. 22. Arrived, the Gideon, lomn, iromiMYorif. Liverpool, Dec. 20 Arrived, Ann, Scott, N Ycrk - Marrafe Roads. Dec 20. Arrived. Gideon. Coffm, N York, has lost an anchor this turning, anusdiieu next aay lorine river. Antwerp, Dec I J Arrived, Sachem, Davil N York. Cuxhaveo, Dec 19 Arrived Julia, Macey, N York. Dalaro, JDec 1 Arrived, Lincoln, Iggerstrom, irnm mnenca Havre, Dec 16. Anivep, Gjv "Carver, Do - ten, Boston ; Union, Kit - x - r, Orleans lexel. Dec. 11. Arrived. Perceveranre. Bacon, from Baltimore 12th, Mandarin, Dash - leu, irom uaitimore joimnna Elizabeth, Green, from Norfolk i Dumf. ies, Hillert, from Ualtimore. The Triton, Bulloch, from Hamburgh to N, lorr, ai'er being abreast l Uie Texel put t ack, and in going ap the Kibe, got aground and sprang a - leak, and put mlo Cuxhnvn, and X was supposed would b - obliged to di. - ch re. The Louis, from New - Orleans to Bordeaux. with the cargo of the Cora, which was driven on shore iu lue Aluaissippi, is reported to be lost. Brest, Dc. 12. We have had a violc - ut tempestthe N. W. winds blew very strong two oats and two nights. fit. Malo,Ocl. I Uh. We experienced on (he 8th inst. at half past 6 in the morning, a frightful storm ; many vessels were obliged to put into different ports. The Electra, Williams, from Philadelphia for ujsmiiu iuu pui in enury uismasted ; the captain, bis 2 sons and a sailor, were crushed by the masu. - IX'DON, Dec 24. Our readers have no doubt oWrved. that there has been a rapid and considerable fall of stock. A sum to the extent of three millions has been sold by speculators, who are considered a persona in Uie way of obtaining the earliest in formation of the measures of government. We understand that l - ord C .sllereah has been employed for several days, without intermixion. in writing drspatche, and that M. Palmvla, the Portuguese minister, has led to wo on his way to Paris, where a conference is to be held m the subject of the dispute between Spain and Portugal. We informed our readers some davs ago, that the council for the mediation between Sioin and Ptpftio - al n Ia Ka hmA m P - : - . l. . . very considerable difficulty waj likely V) arise oq . ' .' L..'l.l. a1 the subject. 1 VYbethar this dispute nes SJoalirmuif to tb. stock - jobber, who artjOr who think tbey are in the secret, we Jcnow not. A correspoude'nt, in along letter MMuUri to . l a .:.lww aaet f h9f ITtA I1U1 M Uio aWa i.onr three treat adventurers, who harioe Immense capitals, can at their pleasure - h. msrkt down or uo. and make the cre - AnlMia their dunes. We confess that wa de iot . with him in this suDDOsitioB as to the pre - r.Mi foil. There are some points m the dl'puU between Spain and t'ortugai wmcn suiooy i;.i.r. ! . Lttla : and which, though they may not actually rekindle the flames of war, may make it necessary for us to go to the ex - nrx nf nrnaration. Yesterday the French ambassador had a long interview with viscount Castlereagh, at his of - fir. in Downins - strtcL His excellency had af terwards a long interview with earl Bathunt The noble eecretaries, at the conclusion, hid a long consultation together, nn'thn 9lth November last, in relating the manner in which count Las Casas, on his arrival at Gravesend, was hurried away from this country, we stated that all biaf effects, trunks and papers, were left on board the vessel in which he came to F.ngland, no doubt to undergo exam - iuation." The count has since published, in a Hamburgh paper, from recollection, two letters which he addressed from Dover to lord Sidmouth and lord Holland, on the subject of his treat ment. The conduct of those who acted under the authority of lord Sidmouth, as detailed in these letters, seems to us perfectly unjustifiable, and we think will be generally allowed to be extremely mean and illiberal. This combination of cruelty and treachery speaks for itself, and we will not insult our reader with any comment on tbe subject. Perpetual motion. Aa ingenious mechanic in Linithzow, has invented a machine, in which bv emDlovins masuetiim as the moving power, he has realised the boasted discovery of perpetual motion thus far, that the machine, without the application or any other lorce man me magnetic influence, will move as long as its materials will hut. IU construction is very simple. A small wooden beam, with a piece of steel at one end, is put in motion by two magnets, the one fixed about an inch above tne piece oi sxeti, me other as much below it. The magnets are covered by valves which are opened alternately by the beam itself, and the motion is communicated by a crauk from the opposite and of the beam, to a fly wheel. These are the principal parts; but there are some subsidiary contrivance, which could not bs well understood without a diagram; Our correspondent who gave us this information, says that the machine has continued in motion for' two months past without a pause. Our readers have already been informed, by extracts from the American papers, of the ar rest of eleven British Officers at Philadelphia ; but the public have never yet been rightly informed as to tli e particulari. By a letter from a most respectable house in that city, welearn that their arrest was 'by a wi it from Judge Washington. They were passing quietly, as strangers, through the American .States and had taken out their pssage for the West Indies. They were seized upon a construction riven to an old Act of Congress of 1795, pro hjbiting the furnishing of neutral belligerents with munitions of war ; and it was pretended that these British officers 'by transferring, as - as presumed, their own bodies to South A - merica, which, it was contended was their ultimate destination, whatever they might shew ostensibly, were, in fact, furnishing the principal arm of war to one of the parties.. The proceeding of Judge Washington had caused i . ii i i . mucu surprize amour an ran. auu panics in America i for these officers had only with them their side - arms, which even when on half - pay, every officer has a right to carry at all times ; and it "h the opinion of many of the best informed, that this arrest is an act which the British Authorities cannot past over without some se - vion notice. - It is difficult to account for Judge Washington conduct, unless upon mistaken idea that he would thus manifest to the fipaniah Consul, the sincere desire of the United States to maintain a perfect neutrality and impartiality. But if this was his motive, be has mistaken altogeather the means : for while he has thus seized upon the persons of individuals who were violating no law, and had a right to transport themselves whither they pleased, it is notorious that almost every week, vessels loaded with warlike stores are cleared out from tbe ports of the United .States, Which every one knows are bound fur South America. From the detention of the packet fiwifuure for about twelve il.ys, at the time the preceed - ing event occurred, it is believed at Philadelphia that our Embassador, the Hon. Mr. Bigot, has sent home precise information and a strong representation to the British Government upon the subject. Tht re is now exhibiting at Spring - garden, one of the most ingenious and simple pieces of Mechanism that can be well imagined. It is a self - moving Chariot, and can be made to pro ceed at a rate according to the pleasure of the Rider. - The inventor is said to be a native of a country town in the North i and it is hoped the public will be equally generous in its patron age to a Unush subject, as has been experienced by Foreigners, who have brought their in ventions to tins country. The present Me - chine has this superiority, that if properly en couraged, it may be advantageously employed to many useful purposes. We received yesterday tbe Pans Papers of Saturday last. We give from them (in our last page) at ab stract ot tne proceedings oi the itiainberot Deputies of Friday, respecting the projet relative to me rress. as we anticipated the declaration ol M. Laioe. the Miniiter ui the Interior fas nub - Iished), respecting the determination of the hiag not lo assent to any amendment, for introducint; the Trial by Jury, did not escape without animadversion. M. de Chauvrlin, notwithstanding several Interruptions, succeeded at length in calling the attention of the Assembly to the statement thus understood to have been made by tht - Minister, which lie iuitly considered as unconstitutional, and entirety at variance with the rights of the Chainbf r. M. Laine thus presied, fount weans to escape from tbe dilemma, by stating mat he had Deen misrepresented in the oevipa - piri, and that all he had really said was, that such an amendment would he contrary to the Royal prerogative, as being inconsistent mith the object of the projet. if there was any minrep - resentation, M. Laine had of course a richt to correct it, but it is not a little singular, that Hie only paragraph of what he said, which was gi veo in de Moniteur of Friday, was tbe identical expression which he now states i be a misrepresentation is explained away. T;ie proceedings of Friday displayed also as whimsical an instance f French leiitj in tbe midst of the serious busi - of Initiation, at perhaps ever occurred. . M. Morisset had originally inscribed his name to speak in favor of the projet ; but on Friday morning be suddenly ch oiged his mind and desired to speak azaiiitt it "This ihaaze. which was not at Grit known to. the Chamber, v rise to the farce of him and another rienutv speaking from Uie Tribune at the same lime a circumstance which induced Uie President to state the fact with respect to Uie tergiversation nfM. Morisset The Chamber were in conse quence convulsed with laughter. 1'he rival speakers, hotvever af'erwards delivered their spee ches ttriatxm, and the dicimin was closed Tde next day M. Becquey, as the substitute for the R - .porter, who was mdUposed, wus to he benrd, when Uie Chamber would proceed to the eVc'sion. The new trial of Maubrieul commpnrpft An Thursday, before the Coiir Uoyale nt D may. I rencn ive per treats, t nday, CM. Sic. LETTERS FROM LAS CASAS. 1. TO Loan tlPMuCTfl. u My Lord I am txreinclv urrv fiat I hav Uuboaor to.writetoour Lordship, and. know i.i - v i ahail not rets kin here long enoueb toieceiveyour answer, which would per - "TV"," 1 - JL :m have been in the hands of your state messenger, who, on his arrival bere, eattested to me my paper, wliich bad been p re - yiously sealed up, witn ine ,"" mlsht, do with them what I thought proper. Af - ter this be saw me constantly wDft ,!T eve" encouraged ms to do so, anjl waited till the very Dsoinent of departure, to take from me, as I was - 1 a .11 an ntanaitsi AVsan on Uie point oi tuning son, uu m3 v - r. - 1 " the most trifling, in your name. This ii i a trap, my lord, which icannoi uog in ji" cribe, to aov higher person thanUie man who laid . - 4 i , Th. nw..inrr.r understood nothing but English. He bad an asts'utant with bim who preteoded to understand French, and desired to read me papers one urevuiC., - - - withstanding kept them all. He would have had An n.aH ihem all in a week. And I AlA n.1 ihinlt that an individual had such a right over me. Every thing hat been taken from me ; letters, notes, tuy son's writing books, deeds of property, domestic tecrets, official documentt of f.. f I t..l f'hap? tnnipnut. oir nuuson .owc ouu m - ." - - " - , my ioumnls, aud even a letter to the f reach Mi - nf Pnlim. and another toenv wife, which, being more atkisurej I had already dictated that it might be forwarded as toon at 1 landed at Os - tend. They have been taken from me without making an inventory of them, or numbering them, and they declared it was done by your Lordsbip't orders. In the orst moment oi maipnnuuu infested against such violence, and inquired for a magistrate, that I might make my complaint to bim. I will not here repeat uie answer, wuicu i nrU'P(l. " As there is nothing I so much dislike as to have my name mentioned in puouc uikuhuis and considering that it was impossible you coulsl have prescribed such conduct, which is opposed to all Uie legal rules in the world, by which pub - lie officers must guard themselves against him, who in such a case might affirm that some papers bad been taken away, or others sut stituted ; con tidering Uiis, 1 contented myself, when I recovered my tempei, with trying by all possible meant, and all possible arguments, to induce Uie messenger, who disposed of my fate, to delay my voyage till I could write to your Lordship, and receive from you a confirmation of his rigorous orders. This man who detained me three days on Uie most trifling pretext, was not to be moved in resect to Uns affair, the ugh it was so important. Notwitlistandifie all my representations, that i had not the smallest objection to have all my pa - pert looked over by confidential persons appoint ed by your Lordship for the purpose, and that your toroshipmusi yourseii uesire inqi certain formalities were observed in respect to me, that in tbe examination of my papers, my presence would be very uselul, if not absolutely necessary, to give explanations respecting Hunts that would nut be understood without me ; tirat he sent me in person to the continent, and kept ray papert in Londnn ; that it wat to be feared that there Wat a misunderstandintr. and that in twen ty four hours all would be cleared up i he answered me coldly, that I need not be uneasy respecting, my return from the continent, since you would pay all me ex pence. To what bands, my Lord, have yon deliver - red me ? On another occasion, my Lord, which was certainly against your instructions, I was o - bliied to impose silence upon Ute man who guarded me. on account of hit erott abuse of the august person whom I honor above any thins; in the world. In one word, my Lord, since 1 have touched your coast. I am treated at a malefactor. And in what doet my crime consist .' J hat l, as iierhapsis believed, have a different political o - pinioo, and weat voluntarily into imprisonment at Loogwood But is not the last the most noble and excellent action that is known, and so honorable, that every one would rejoice in his heart to have given wis example r my Lard, the natural mildness and justice which are attributed to you, cannot possibly have approved all that bat been a one to me. " I have received permission, and have hasten ed to seal the papers taken from me, not to protect myself asainst your lordship, but, on the contrary, for your interest to supply the dcnci ency in me torm, which might, per hat a, nave compromised your agents. ' 1 beg your lordship again to tum your attention to my aff.urs, and to decide nothing re specting my papers till you have received from me Uie information which you may desire, and which you shall have to your entire satistacuon, I assure you beforehand, that, however different the opinions and feelings may be, that will be found in them, there is not one respecting which judicial examiaaUont or amicable negodatioos could not take place. Nothing interesting will be found in them relative to affairs of state, nor any political secret. I have never had any thing of the kind ; and if it had been the case, I should long since hav not wanted an opportunity, to mako use of it. " It would perhaps be bere the pi ace, my lord, to mention to your lordship the papert which were taken from me at St. Helena, as well as many other things, respecting which I shall have to speak with your lordship, or with lord Bath - urst ; bat tbe few moments I have lelt, and the coofibrioo in my thoughts which such tddden and unexpected events occasion, .oblige me to put it off till another time. " I shall wait with impatience for your Lordship's answer, where, I know not, perhaps at Brussels,, if I obtain permission to stop there. I have the honor, ic. Dover, Nov. 2i 1017. " This copy is made from memory, and tome words may, therefore, be different from Uie ori ginal ; but Uie language and Uie sense are cer tainly the same. " Count LAS CASAS." 3. ii rTxa to lobd hollaru. " My Lord I had Uie honor to send you a letter from the extremity of Africa, with a dupli cate of it. I hope you will pardon Uie feeling that dictated it to me. It drew me, though unknown, to him, who, from love of justice and greatness of soul, took up the most noble of all causes. I added to it Uie few documents that I had in my bahdi the grievances at Longwood, my correspondence with Sir Hudson Lowe, and Uie sketch of a petition to parliamcut. Have you received these " The more unfortunate I become, Uie more docs my confidence increase.. The treatment I have received since I approached tbe English coast, and the impulse it has given to that which 1 have experienced on Uie Continent, are difficult to describe. I take Uie liberty to annex my letter to lord Sidmoulb on this subject. If it should happen that the newspapers, as they usu ally do, should misrepresent my case, and should any of those voices, which continually watch over every kind of abuse and injuntico, be heard iu parliament, your lord. hip will havo the ad vantage ot Deine acquainted with Uie whole af fair. My lord, I add to the copy of this lettrr. that of another, of wliich I must be proud (the letter of recommendation from Bonaparte, already publihed;) 1 would also, for Uie future. have rejoiced oer it in silence, if it were - tot necessary to aunihilate Uie lying reports of Uie Journals, whit h have spread a false opinion on the Couliuent. Some preteud. that I left Lon:r. wood because, weary ef the brutality of him1 from whom I parted with grief, I could noPlivr itn dm any longer; others, wi'hout further particulars, say that I deserted him. . The annexed letter, if it i ma le public, will shew Uie truth ; it is a favor which I beg of you, unlsts your lord;!ii( sIkmiU see objection - which I have not remarked. .Wy Ird, they make me very unhappy they make me a mnpyr; th:it is to ay, generous hearts are made to incline to me, and Uitir partiripaii.m consoles me fir all. " It is alteiidt - J with the ereattst difficulties to write these lew liues lo you. May they come nio your ha - id! II time allows me to pre.Hut my K'l' Vances to your ministers, you shall re ceive a copy of them. Accept the homage of my gratitude and mv respect. " COUNT LAS CASAS." ' PAHIS, Dec 18. The turn which the public debate on the biberty of the Press, and the Private riamina. tictfi ufUie Concordat are takinp, mike it p - near brobahte that the law nrnWta. An t,i v w - iwua, .ui u c uiiuwu VUU Su1 m ..r iMMlSnn. ta.!lt Ia . 1. .... wm 9 viii ui uiumirj wiu us kii? vonse. quence pt uui rejection. LOWER KHIN E, J.OV. 19, " Swtnxir. Some time ago it was stated m tbe public papers, that the former - Ring 0f Sweden intended to demand of bis son, that on his becominy major be should renounce ail claims to the Crown of Sweden. We no hear that he actually made this demand, but Uiat the renunciation was refused. Tbe fa. tber informed the Crown Prince of this, who returned for answer, that it was a matter of the utmost indifference to bun. as be did not require any renunciation. . UKEMF.N, Dec. 6. . S wi t sxaiA si d. The Clergyman of Saxlen, in Obenunterwald, attributes all the evils that disturb our planet to the toilette of our belles and to their treacherous ornaments. In hit pious zeal against them, be exclaimed front tne puipn, i aeciare mo you, ye proud and light - minded women, Uiat I ahbor you that I would rather see the gates of hell, full of the most horrible monsters, opened wide before me. than bestow one glance on a woman dres. sed in the fashion. But you will one day be damned, and we will then take a delight in your torments." The ship Amity, Stanton, one of the line nf Packets, sailed for Liverpool this morning at 9 o'clock, with the following passengers : Messrs. Collin Gillespie, of Boston, D. Frsaer and Van Der Sluys, of Canada, John Palmer' B. Markland, and Robert Barnes, of Pb'iladel! phia, J. Hastings, of Baltimore, A. Benthol j aa ;... in.' n. - ii ... ' Arnold, J. ue icti, ana ueo. aim, oi n. York - Thc following are among the vessels tailed this morning : Ships Amity, Stanton, Liverpool ; Frances, Swift, East - ladies ; Edward, Macy, Calcutta ; Fisher - Ames, , - ri Samuel, Leger, New - ry ; and ono other ship. m Brigs Orleans, Vail, New - Orleans; Frances, Graves, Europe ; Edward - Bjaro, , and S others. Schrs. Perseverance, Cock, Kingston, Jam. ; and 3 others. ' We are compelled to omit a number of new. advertisements to - day. Tbey shall have a cot - tpicuous place in our next . .' - ' MAKHICD, On Tuesday evening, by the Rev. Dr. Coop er, A. W. Hon man, to Aliss Ann Cornelia Stoutenburgh. ErEJtlMJ POST JURUfE LIST. CLEARED, . Ship Corsair, Sutton, Charleston Clark, Moore et Co. Schr. President, Bedell, Fredericksburg .iRKlrED ruts eoR&xuox. The fast tailing ship Ntlor, Sterling, 35 dart from Liverpool, with a full cargo of dry goods, 4c. to G. G. it 8. Howlaod aodlbe master, owners ; D Oakey, G Ilowland, P S Titus, Peartall & tirelett, Goodrich & Kellogg, H Stackbouse, A S Norwood, R Milne, W C Caldwell & Co. Tredwell k Kisiam. P Ha trick It Co. Otis & Swan, G Coggill. P Graham h Co. J T Dolaa, Henderson & Cairns, J B Durand, 8 Brawn, U C & T Hammertley, Daval Si Co. O. H. New - bold, J YVbeeley, W Manks, Marsh It Brooks, Alex. Thomson, W Todd k Co. J Bates, A Tap - pan, T Shaw, Major uuieipie, remoenon, Mitcbel & Allport, I Gray, Osbora ft Cornell, M Judah ft Co. Corn ic Talmadge, Luke ft Stansbill, D b Doge, 8 Rhodes, B Marshall, T Searth, C M'Evers, J B Schmidt ft Co. Akin, Fisher, ft Goddard, Van Scheie k ft 'Given, S V. Todd, R Bishop, D Hadden, W W ft T L Chester, J Anderson ft Co. Jehiel, Jagrer Ic Co. D Dunhom, J Thomson ft Son, II KToler ft Oi. Ro?ri L ThnmioB. M I Tobias. Ttwm ft Wells, J B Murray, J Sharps ft Co. J Vf ads - worth. Vote ft Low, J Heard, II Wray, Ad - cock ft Co. E T Marsh, G Dimmer ft Co. Kkhardt Ic Taylor, J Gritcom Co. Wells Ic Upson, S Sparkman, S Archer, T & W Procter, R Rancey ft Co. and to order. Left, Ships Courier. Bowne, loading, for It York, Jan 1 ; Pacific, Williams, for do. Feb 1 ; Importer, Rogers, for do. Jan 20 ; Euphrates, lie Cost, for do Jan 15 ; Merchant, Odin, for do. Jsa 10 t Robert Burns, Coffin, for do. Jan 22 ; S ancr, Burgher, condemned ; Triton, Holcosnb, lor Boston, Jan SO ; Liverpool Packet, Nichols, for do. Feb 1 ; Islington, bhackford, loading for N Orleans, Jan 10 Telegraph, Coffin, for Philadelphia Jaa SO : Superior, Berket, tor do. JaatS : Lancaster, West, lor do. Feb 10 ; Adrianaa, Donaldson, for do'. Feb 15 Belvidera, Hobton, for Ualtimore, Jan SO ; Cbatiworth, Carats do. Julia, Bunberry, do uncertain; John and Adam, Knight, Richmond , Wa, and Exra( Bald - wio io dock repairing; Sally, Wattoo, Charleston 15th Jan. Hetty, Folsom, Savannah 10th Jan. Loan, arrrived from N York S3d Dec. Little Cherub, M'lver tailed for Savannah Der Sd. Spoke Jan. 26, lat 69, 36, Ion 61 the West Point 5 days from N York. Cant. Sterling hat experienced tempestuous weather during the passage hat been several days on tbe coast, the ship covered with ice hardly a vessel to be teen on the ocean, came in without a pilot ana anchored io the bay, where Uie ship rode out tbe . gale without damage. Wednesday noon, saw a brig on shore in the bay, west side. Passengers, 2 in tbe cabin, and 26 in the steerage. Schr. Maxa Milla, Smith, 14 days from La - bee via Portland, fish and plaster to Smith, Blanchard ft Co. ARRIVED LAST EVENING. Ship William, Burrows, 67 days from Hull, with hardware, paints, ftc. to E. Burrill and Cahoon, and others, lift no American vessels at Hull. Jan. 10th, lat 42, long 57, spoke tch Madeira Packet, 7 days from Boston, for Madeira. The William hat 21 steerage passengers the was driven from her anchorage at 8 o'clock Tuesday night, and has now 5 feet water in her hold near Princes Bay. She bad the gale from E N E to E by S. Sch Rebecca, 18 days from Newborn, (NC) urtth naval nrM anil v - tiMt In fTvp. Rh - mBtf k Co, left sch Royal Oak, for N. York to sail same day. Sloop Packet Leach, of Boston, for do do and sch , of and for N York, do. the . 26th ult off Cape Henlopen, spoke a ship belonging to Newport, R, I. 4 days from Bostoa for Norfolk : the Rebecca was driven from Princes Bay Tuesday over the middle ground to Perth Amboy dock, with the lots of rudder, best bow anchor and cable, where she now lies discharging. Sloop Louisa, Thorp, 8 dtys from Richmond, with flour and tobacco, to Jacobs & Williams, Boorman ft Johnston, Wilson and Thomson, Trios. Irvin, Beers ft Woodhull, and Diking ft Bootwrigld. Sailed in co iU schs liogan and Betsey, sloops Hetty and Abe - ona, for N. York, and tch Paragon, for Baltf more. Came iuto the Hook about 7 o'clock last evening in co. with a sch. In James River, saw scht Cyane, and Henry Denison, both THEATRE. Third Night ofMr. Incled m't Engagement. On Friday Eve ning Feb. 6, Will be presented, (brtha l.t time in America j THE WOODMAN, CR VA1RLUP FOREST. Fairlop, the Woodman, Mr. Inclcdoe Between the opera and farce Mr. Incledoa will ting Stcvcos' celebrated deter iptioo of . THE STOIIM, In the character oi a shipwrecked sailor. To which will he added, fart.' cf THE DEAD AL'VE. HOPs. SO bales ol Hops, tor sale by. 4T.VRR SMITH, b 5 lw 130 1'earHtreet,

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