The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 11, 1937 · Page 6
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 11, 1937
Page 6
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Wrto^ f_. r __ r _. , --^-^,._ .X !_,._.,,- n-r»T. t ;-.-r-1 - - -1.-- - 1"--n-- -r": f--^-,'^-««-- ^^,^* T ~. .-. -T, .-j,.,-,.--.y--».·-. ,,.Jr r ,,,.,,, J ^ f -r-,. t r -. ^ - ^ -. -f - _^- -- r-j.u, iT^.'-rl -T^!ir*u' .'|- T"^*^TtT r '!^*T'i] ^t?Ul*TM jT*"?" I""" '^r^T*^?f7^y^yrg *^g*.1 ·^^^2^^^^-^^ ~^~~~^'^^=^ ^ T" ^-^ ·· ^" JC ^ ·^H J r L ^ f ^^*fyKJ»a*y.^^g**a*J!Be«^l«^^ ^fc* 'MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 11 · 1937 : I MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. VI. LEK N E W S P A P E R Issued Every Week Day by the :MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East SUto Street . Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS - - - - - Publisher W. EARL,HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOHEM - - -. City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager Entered as second-class matter April 17. 1530, at the post- otiice at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1B79. ·MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS' ivhlcl! ts exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to; it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. :Full leased, wlro service by United Press. MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DCS Molnes news and business ntfices at 403 Shops Building, SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Mason City and Clear Lake, by the year ....S7.00 by the week S .15 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAIt LAKE AND WITHIN 100 .MILES OF M A S O N C1T? Per year by carriej '....57.00 by mail 5 months ......S2.25 Per week by carrier S .15 By man 3 months 51.2.1 Per year by mall ......S4.0D . Bv mail 1 inontb S .aQ OUTSIDE HID MILE ZONE IN . IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per Year...J6.00 six months . S3.25 Three months...51.75 IN ALL STATES OT11EB THAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per JT..SE.OO 6 months. .$4.50 3 months. .52.50 1 monUi. .5.1.00 Matanuska's Lesson · IDE-SETTLEMENT and r u r a l ' rehabilitation 'ac- ·^' tivities are close to the heart of this-administration, and millions more for the purpose lias been voted by the senate. It is to be hoped that" the experience gained by the government in one of the first 61 its re-settlement projects will not be overlooked as this money is spent. So far we have spent about $90,000,000 on schemes of this sort, and the number ot families benefited is slightly over 10,000. That makes resettlement in the country districts one of the most expensive o£ new deal activities. There can be little question that methods will have to be reorganized and adapted if the work is to continue. The case in point is the Matanuska settlement, where a few hundred families from Wisconsin, . Michigan and Minnesota were transplanted in Alaska. Just the other day it was announced that henceforth Matanuska settlers will be denied ' unlimited credit, and paid only for the work they do. It seems late in the flay TO read this elementary basis, and one hopes that in the setting up of new projects, the eventual need of the no-worli no-eat policy at Matanuska will not be forgotten. Those taken to Matanuska were the "cream of the crop." They were a hand-picked, carefully selected and limited group, chosen on the basis of experience in farming and first-class past records. The new re-settlement and rehabiUtp.tion proj- ects'arc mainly designed for the much lower-grade sharecropper population of the south. That they will average up as efficient and enterprising as the Wisconsin, Michigan and Minnesota families taken to Matanuska may be reasonably doubted. Uncle Sam may find .himself before long conducting a vast poor farm, spread all over the cotton area. The Matanuska experiment was dubious from the start. It was optimistically expected that each family could get going for around $6,000, which they were to pay back over a period of 30 years after having carved their homesteads from the wilderness and got into production on Uncle Sam's money; These optimistic predictions have been sadly altered by the facts, it has cost something like $14,000 per family to get" these people going; and most of them are not going yet, although they owe. the 514,000. The unlimited credit they had to start with has proved their undoing, in many cases. Since the commissary would supply whatever was needed, some of them wouldn't work. Theoretically they were piling up debts to sink them, but since most of them sunk anyway, 'and knew well enough that Uncle Sam couldn't collect from them if. they had nothing, they were willing to go into debt to Uncle as long and 'as deeply as he would permit them. The new orders, the work or starve program, is plain evidence of what happened. Homesteads at $14,000 per are no bargain. Uncle Sam, had he used his head, could have purchased a- cleared farm, with buildings already on it, close to roads and markets,- back in the states for a lot less than that. Forty acre farms in. going condition could have been had in Wisconsin, Michigan and Minnesota by the thousand for around $5,000 when these people were uprooted and hauled off to Alaska. That .would at any rate have been a cheaper way to experiment. Some- of those in Matanuska Valley will doubtless make good and prove up. But on the average the experiment has already failed, measured against what was promised. Since we seem to be going in for a lot more of the same throughout the south and other parts o£ the country, Matanuska will have paid for itself in a certain sense if the lessons demonstrated there are learned. But will they be? One sees few signs of it in the more recent projects of a similar natur.e. Uncle Sam is still Santa ,Glaus, with a childish belief in human perfectibility under the hypnotism of "social workers." George Wilson didn't subtract a bit from his political availability in 1938 by deciding not to contest t h e gubernatorial election. ' , . . - · · Some of those olive branches Adolf Hitler is holding out look strangely. as .if they had been clipped from a cactus. The main requirements for that next Brookhart job at the public · trough are generous pay, short hours and long tenure.. One drink doesn't make you a sot, a court has recently ruled. But it often makes you a sap, as many can testify. . · _ · Darwin left us something to ponder when he suggested that men differ less as to capacity than as to zeal. ' . If they're going to go on having a navy, why shouldn't one of the ships be called the "Iowa?" ·We'll be saved from "Beautiful Ohio" on our radios for several months'at least. Our own idea of the strangest word in the English language--yclept, PROS and CONS A Dictator's Problem ·TYUSSIA is having her home troubles. The regl- AV mented public applause for the execution and long sentences meted out in the recent trial of Trotzkyisfs is not all that is happening. According to a London dispatch, there have been anti-Stalin demonstrations, and epidemics of sabotage fires in factories and munition plants in Moscow and Leningrad. More and more arrests are being made, and a new treason trial is expected, with many more of the "old bolsheviks" as defen- dents slated for execution. A new terror, this time against the foes of Stalin, not against opponents of communism, seems to be under way. It is not easy and simple to be a dictator. Once having started to kill off his party enemies, Staiin cannot stop; and with every execution he makes more enemies. ' It's more than possible that unrest in Russia is' L the reason why Stalin proclaimed the "democratic" constitution. Censorship keeps the facts well hidden, but there is every outward indication in events that the dictator is fighting for his power and his life--or thinks he is. Keith Vawter's.Passing rpHE passing of Keith Vawter reminds us o£ the ·*· debt which Iowa and other states owe to the institution in which he: rose to a position of eminence, the chautauqua. In the day before the radio was thought of and before automobiles had come into anything like universal vogue, the chau- taurjua brought elevating entertainment-and eminent speakers to regions which otherwise would have been barred from these cultural influences. While there may have been a reason in logic why the chautauqua went its way, we should not be unmindful of the role it played in developing a happier and better informed rural America. And this Io\van, Keith Vawler, was the one individual most y associated with the chautauqua. ,' . i SAMUEL INSULL'S A. B. C. Kewanee, I1L, Star-Courier: Samuel Insuli's brave comeback has come to naught. Member stations of'the Affiliated Broadcasting company were informed last week that Mr. Insuli's A. B. C.-chain of midwestern stations would no longer be serviced. Left -over from the Affiliated Broadcasting company's operations was a considerable deficit. The idea behind Mr. Insuli's network of small stations was sound, but the execution was faulty. Member stations (mostly 100-watters in. the Chicago area) found that they were paying service assessments for electrically .transcribed programs that could just as easily be produced in their own transmitting studios. Mr. Insull .discovered that radio was not ready for any small-time chain. One of the factors which pushed'A. B. C. over the brink was the creation of the Mutual Broadcasting System with Chicago Tribune sponsorship. Not willing to be tied down to dictatorial N. B. C. or C. B. S. rules, the Tribune organization sponsored its own radio chain arid sent its business manager from coast to coast signing up stations. Inasmuch as the Chicago Tribune'had far more resources than the deflated Mr. Insull'to push this program of a third network, Samuel Insull's A. B. C. went by the boards. . .. For attempting a late-in-life comeback, even if unsuccessful, Mr. Insuil deserves a measure of credit. It proved that Samuel Insull -was not whipped. There was something a bit ironic, however, about a former utility tycoon trying a hand a small time broadcasting--something akin to what New Yorkers must have felt a few months ago when William C. Durant, one-time ruler of Genera! Motors, opened his first grocery store. Hope blooms eternal in the promoter's breast. NEBRASKA'S UNICAMERAL LEGISLATURE Lincoln Star; This week -will tell -the tale, Ne- jraska's unicameral legislature has done a swell ob to date. Unless the spigot is turned on in the next five days, it will have a record of less than 300 proposals as contrasted with over 1,000 two years ago and over 1,200 four years ago. It may not be apparent, but that means something. It means ideas are being co-ordinated, and multiplicity oE.bills on the same ; subject is not being forcecUup- n the people, who must pay for their printing/ for he time consumed in committees considering them, for discussion and debate upon the floor, and for final decision. It means in this atate a legislature going about its business in a businesslike way with a chance of'better legislation at less expense. THERE'S ALREADY ONE "INLAND EMPIRE" Iowa Publisher: The proposal of the Greater Iowa commission to call Iowa the "Inland Empire" would be of more interest if it were more original. The term "Inland Empire" has been used already for decades to describe an area in the northwest, tributary to Spokane, Wash. It comprises northern Idaho and eastern Washington and is about as large as Iowa, extending from the Bitter Root mountains to the Casade range and from Canada to Oregon. Spokane is of about the same size as Des Moines and the owner of its chief newspaper is named W. H. Cowles. IN THE RIGHT*DIRECTION Davenport Democrat: A bill introduced in the Iowa house of representatives seeking a change in our primary election laws, will interest most of the voters of the state, regardless of political affiliation. It calls for elimination of the 35 per cent requirement for the nomination of candidates ... If nothing more, elimination of the 35 per cent majority clause is a step in the right .direction.- After its accomplishment, other desirable changes may be had, and possibly in the end do away with the primary altogether. SCHOOL TELEPHONES NEEDED Kicster Courier: In the district served by the local telephone exchange, there are five, or about half of the schools which have phones. There is no doubt that the phone-is worth its cost to a school even for ordinary use, and in case of emergency, such as accidents, there would be no possible way of figuring its value. PUBLIC HATE NO 1! Hampton Chronicle: If one John L. Lewis would fall into the jaws of a large sausage grinder while it was going 'round and 'round, thousands of citizens In the United States \vould consider that the real public enemy No. 1, at this time would have been taken out of circulation. ·MEMORIAL TO MRS. MILLER Rockford Register: Mrs. Miller leaves as her enduring monument the highway patrol which she organized and developed in the interests of highway safety. · KRASCHEL SHOWING A LEVEL HEAD Clear Lake Mirror: Governor Kraschel seems to be pretty level-headed and is not likely to mafce any bad "breaks." EDITOR'S MAIL BAG CARRIED TO A LOGICAL END MESERVEY--If present policies of Frank Murphy and F. D. R. indicate what may be expected, here are some possibilities: 1. Any transient, hobo or "bum" may elect to occupy our home. He will have the full support of the "law" on his side and in no case will be evicted. Oaths of office to the contrary notwithstanding. 2. Clerks in Mason City stores will be encouraged to "sit down," refuse to wait on customers, thus ruining the business of their employer, and to eat and wear goods stolen from their employers. 3. Racketeers will, with administration support, corral workers, brand them as their property, and levy tribute without regard to the wishes of the "property." 4. Courts will be "sterilized" so (hat America may become the "personal property" of dizzy despots. George Washington wrote, "No punishment, in my opinion, is too great for the man who can 'build his greatness upon his country's ruin.' " K. CLARENCE RUIGH. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott COPYRIGHT. 1937. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATIOM i*Js3Ss ~Sis3S= DUE.'To AU OP'TlCM- . HA$ WHICH 'Co COMPARE.-ifen IS MULES A.MD 2. COMPOSED -1"HE. OR.|qiNA.l_ O.O-NAULE. HORSED WRE. USED As 2~tl DIET and HEALTH B)- L O G A N CI.ENDENINO. M. I). CAUSE, CURE OP BAD BREATH T SAID yesterday I believe that in most cases the ·*· cause of bad breath is due to local conditions in the moulh, nose .or throat. Certainly,-for practical purposes, the best way to control it is by strict attention to mouth 'and nose cleanliness by toothbrushes, mouth washes and nasal douches. If all particles of food were removed from between the teeth, this alone would go quite a way in relieving bad breath. If these simple measures do not work, it was found by Doctors Haggard and Greenberg that the use of chloramine, which releases nascent chlorine, which destroys organic matter, in a 1 per cent mouth wash, is very effective in garlic and onion breath" 1 odors. It is not, however, confined to these, because people who have been experimenting have reported to me Pr. Clendenini tllat '-hloramine mouth wash is absolutely effective in breaths rom tobacco, alcoholic beverages and the decom- )osilion of food particles in the mouth. In the-case of garlic at least, and possibly of alcohol, the odor which emanates from a person vho has been indulging in these habits is partly due to the absorption of the material in the blood, and its excretion in the saliva or in the sweat. Some Cleveland physicians reported experiments which were at variance with Dr. Haggard's and Dr. Greenberg's, in which a patient with a stricture of the gullet, who was not able to take any food by mouth, would have garlic placed in lis stomach and afterwards it would be noticeable in the breath from his mouth. The amount of oil of garlic which they used, however, as Dr. Haggard afterwards pointed out, amounted to one and one-half pounds of vegetable garlic. An interesting report is that of a man who was officiating at a childbirth. The mother had a tremendously strong odor of garlic, and after the baby was born and the doctor was attending to it, he noticed that the baby also smellcd of garlic. If that is true, it could only have received the garlic through the blood of the mother. I believe, however, that the first statement still holds, that for practical purposes bad breath is due to decomposition in the mouth. In other words, if you want to smell of garlic all over, you have to bo conscientious about and eat plenty, and the same thing alcoholic beverages. NOTES IN BRIEF Your brain is about 80 per cent water. Potatoes have as much protective power (vitamin C) against scurvy as oranges--but raw. The leading cause of blindness in Spain is the same as the leading cause of blindness in the Ozark and Tennessee mountains--trachoma; 80,000 Spaniards have it. HOW TO USE THIS SERVICE EDITOR'S NOTE: Seven pamphlets by Dr. Clendening can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, for each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three-cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening, in care of the Globe-Gazette. The pamphlets are: "Three Weeks' Reducing Diet," "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gain- ng," "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes," "Feminine Hygiene" and ''The Iare f of the Hair and Skin." TOMORROW By CLARK. KINNAIRD T^rotable Births--Abraham Lincoln, b. '1807 . . . J-* John Llewellyn Lewis, b. I860 in Lucas, lown, prcsid_ent of the .United Mine Workers, the largest American trade union, and candidate for president of the United States in 1940 . . . Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth, b, 1884, another newspaper columnist, who smokes cigars . . . George McGill, b. 1879, senator from Kansas . . . Raymond Knight, b. ISQ'J, radio humorist . . . Manuel de Godoy, b. 1767, in a humble Spanish family, blessed with looks that were to be his fortune. While a private in thrs army of Charles IV, he caught the roving eye of Charles' queen, Maria Luisa, and--well, ne became a duke, prime minister at 26 and commander-in- chief of the army. The whole of Texas was bestowed upon him as a gift! Feb. 12, 1863--Michigan legislature voted state agricultural college at Lansing into existence. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--A little that a righteous man hath is better than the richest of many wicked.--Psalm 37:16. EARLIER DAYS IN MASON CITY^.,v. ws- Thirty Years Ago-S. P. Turner of Estherville is in the city today transacting business. Mrs. John Stoddart arrived in the city from McGregor yesterday for a visit. Marguerite Or'r is visiting with friends in Algona. A, R. Ferris o£ McGregor visited in the city for a short time today. Mrs. Henry Talmadge is visiting relatives in Austin, Minn., for a few days. A. A. Martin left last night for a few days business visit in Chicago. W. H. Potts has returned from a few days visit with relatives at Lyons. Supt. Fred Mahannah of the county schools left today for a business visit at Des Moines. Twenty Years Ago-- . BERNE, Switzerland--Most members of Ambassador Gerard's party gave a genuine sigh of relief today when the Swiss border was reached but the ambassador refused to speak .to newsmen concerning the situation until he had first made his report to President Wilson. WASHINGTON--Representative Lindbergh ol Minnesota, republican, in the house today : rcad articles of impeachment for all five members of the federal reserve board whom he charged with conspiracy with the financial interests to manipulate credits. Articles were referred to the judiciary committee without debate. Mrs. Charles McCormick and daughter and son arrived today from Foil Dodge to join Mr. McCormick, who has'recently become a member of the Globe-Gazette composing room force. Ten Years Ago-C. A. Hinman is visiting in New York City for a few days. .J. Clinton Paullus left for St. Paul today on a brief business trip. Howard Knesel has returned from a trip to Rochester, Minn. E. B. Higley and company, one of Mason City's pioneer institutions, went out of receivership today when Judge J. J. Clark signed an order approving a reorganization plan which had been accepted by the stockholders and creditors of the establishment, Under the reorganization plans W. S. Wilcox, who has been with the company 33 years, will be president. .. LONDON--The British government' heartily indorses the principles of President Coolidge's naval disarmament proposals, it was made known at the foreign office today. ALL OF US By MARSHALL MASLIN WHAT CAN I SAY? T WROTE an article and two men lead it, got out ·*· their typewriters and wrote letters to me. What I wrote was intended to help some reader who believed that the trouble that was on him at the moment would last forever . . . In my fumbling way I advised that unknown reader to wait, to hold fast and wait until the wheel-of life turned once more and brought back to him the precious gift of enjoying life. I know that it is thus the wheel turns for most of the men and women on this earth. Life is stronger than we are and few of us are capable of sustained and continuous creativeness, enthusiasm, joy or misery. Something within us rises and falls, like the earth waters in the well. One man told me in his letter that what I wrote had helped him. He had cut it out and put it in a scrap book because he felt I meant what I said and that it hit home to him . . . The other man, older than the first, I think, and older than this writer, did not accuse me of insincerity, but he said he was sure I had known sorrow, but never grief. And could not have written as I did if I had ever been struck to the earth by grief. Many years ago he had lost part of his life, some beloved one, and that grief had never left him. The world might think him happy, with his family, \vilh his responsibilities cheerfully accepted, but the deep wound in his heart had never healed. And I who had known only sorrow, never grief, could not know and could not write about his quiet agony. For him this is the truth . . . But we are all kinds of men and women. Some of us are not capable of profound grief, and there are some who swing back quickly from it or lay their grief gently and strongly .away. And some hold sleadiiy to their grief and carry it with them always, almost proudly, blood brothers and sisters of the great tragic figures of the past . . . And would my friend say Anaxagoras grieved the less when he was told his son was dead, because he said only this: "I know that he was mortal," OBSERVING ia^tyg.i?ai7afi^i^aiit?affgitr^^ By an Editor Who Is Ashamed of Journalism reprint the final paragraph of an editorial in last week's Lakota Record for the purpose ot challenging the author of it to produce proof, or even persuasive evidence, that there's any basis in fact for the claims and charges therein con-' tained: "We speak of the .freedom of the press in this country as being something sacred, but the only difference between the press of our land and the press of other countries which is strictly" censored, is that a different group does, the censoring here und it is not done openly. Whereas in Italy and Germany the government has complete control over the press, in this country it is the captains of industry who keep out,of the papers anything which migh^be too detrimental to their interests. We must all endeavor to learn more about this vicious system which has been in effect since the Civil war so that we can rout out this monopoly of monopolies." There isn't, of course, anything of argument in the foregoing. 11 consists of mere unsubstantiated assertion. The issue is not one that can be met in debate. The writer is claiming that journalism is controlled, essentially dishonest and dishonorable. He is casting aspersions on .the Associated Press, which has to be so fair and truthful in its presentation of the news as to meet the approval of newspapers ranging in editorial policy from a communistic tinge to the capitalistic viewpoint here condemned. It's an unmitigated falsehood and the writer of it has something for which to answer. Government's Hole in Safety Problem JM,- agree with Sidney J. Wil- 5§iJ? liams, director of the di*4=P^ vision of public safety in the National Safety council, in the viewpoint set forth by him in the following excerpt from an article on the subject of safety in the current issue of "American Highways:" "One is always on dangerous ground in trying to define the other fellow's job. Nevertheless I venture the opinion that millions of voters and taxpayers believe: "First, that we must stop killing 37,000 people a year on "the streets and highways. ".Second, that we can't accomplish this simply by building better highways and better cars; we must do something about 'the driver. "Third, that the whole problem of highway safety, including the driver, is primarily a function of government. "The p o l i c e obviously have their part of the job to do; so have the schools. But how about public education to reach the adult driver? How about organizing and operating state and county safety councils or committees? Is that the job of the highway department? '·I can only answer with the Yankee trick of 'asking another question--if not the highway department, whose job is it? If somebody else, the motor vehicle commissioner, or some private group, is really doing a good job of looking after the driver in my state, I am quite content. "If not, then as a voter and taxpayer I certainly would rather have the highway department spend some of my money on this job, than not have it done at all. In my mind, the highways I am paying for are not museum pieces exemplifying the characteristics of plain and reinforced concrete--they are a transportation system on. which I can go somewhere; and if 1 can't get there safely, I. might better slay home or go 011 the train." ·--o-- No, Elmer Was Not a Chicago Native Son (BjSHX suspect the subject here ·rfgj discussed rightfully comes . ^r under the heading, "Yeah, but what or it?" Nevertheless .1 insist that history--even inconsequential history--ought to be kept straight. Therefore I enter this denial ot Chicago's current claim to being the birthplace of that anonymous hero known as "Elmer." In a radio program one night this week a speaker recalled how "Elmer sprang into being on the night ot a Legion parade in 1933." I am frank to say that I don't know where "Elmer" was born. And why he was born is an even greater question in my mind. But I do know that in 1932, at Portland, Oregon, I went to sleep each night of a national Legion .convention with the raucous cries for "Elmer" ringing in my ears. Each morning I waked to the same forlorn call: "Elmer! Oh, Elmer!" Hour aEter hour .of it from leatherlungs in hotel rooms or on streets and never a response from the much sought after Legionnaire. There have been pretenders, many of them, but the real Elmer is still at large. Thus, the mythical Elmer was at least a year old when Chicago first became aware of his existence during the national Legion convention in 1933. And my parting thought on the subject'is that both Chicago and Portland ought to be trying to place the blame on some other community rather- than claiming credit for this most elusive character of contemporary times. Answers to Questions Ily 1'REDERIC .1. H A S K I N PLEASE NOTL--A T r a d e r can pel t l i c answer to- any q u e s t i o n ot fact by writing tho Maon City Glnbc-GiiicUe's I n f o r m a t i o n Uurc.iu, Frederic J. 1!a- k l u , Director. WAhlnglon, D. C. Please tend {tireo (3) cents ;iostace for reply. Is Lenin's widow living? H. L. Mine. Nadczlida Konstantinova Kmpskaya, Lenin's widow, is living in Moscow where she is active as a speaker. Why were cities in the middle reaches of the Ohio river harder hit than Pittsburgh near its head? C. R. The rains responsible for the floods were much heavier along the middle and lower Ohio river and the tributaries which empty into it. What religion lias most adherents? T. M. Christian, with about 682,400,000. How many postage stamps issued in U. S. last year? I. H. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1336, there were 17,585,498,921. How many cities in India, with a population of 100,000 or more? C. B. There are 37. Of these, Calcutta and Bombay have more than 1,000,000 inhabitant!;. "What do the initials, T. D. F., stand for on certain medicines? J. H. The initials' were an arbitrary title adopted by the founder of .the firm manufacturing the products, Wilbur F. Young, more than 40 years ago. They indicate Proprietary Druggist's Fellowship. Where is Badminton? E. H. It is the seat of the Duke o£ Beaufort in the soutji of Glouces- tershire, England. A stately Palladian edifice of 1682, with a fine park, ti is the source of the names of a claret cup and the same. Where was the first Berlitz school of languages starter]? F. T. In Providence, R. I., in 1878. There are now 339 schools in the chain. Why Is a gunnysack so called? A. H. Gunny is derived from (he Hindi and Sanskrit, fioni, meaning a sack. The term originally designated the strong, coarse sack cloth manufactured cheifly in Bengal, India, from jute. It is used for clothing by the poor, but principally for bagging and wrapping. Do Americans need permits to hunt in Mexico? E. M. Yes. Unless Americans are members of certain clubs in Mexico, they must also deposit bonds of 500 pesos each. Ts it true that there arc a !ot of Drond looking pirls in Washington, D. C., looking for men to marry or gn to dances and other sports? ,T. S. It is probably correct to say that it is no more true in Washington than it is in other cities that there arc attractive young; women who arc interested in going to dances and attending games in the company of eligible men. Through the Y. M. C. ( .A., the Y. W. C. A., and such an organization as the Knights, of Columbus, it is possible for a man to meet delightful companions. Dances are regularly given at the Washington Y. W. C. A. in co-operation with the local Y. M. C. A. What is the Grand Prix de Rome? F. R. A prize awarded to young painters, sculptors, architects, musicians and engravers by the French government, enabling them to study for four years in Rome with a yearly allowance and exemption from military service. It was founded by Louis XIV in 1666. When was the last public New Year's reception held at the white house? F. F. Jan. 1, 1932. When was the commemorative stamp for completion of canalization of the Ohio river Issued? N. It. First sold, Oct. 12, 1929. It was a 2 cent stamp, printed in red ink. The central design was an Ohio river lock with surrounding scenery. Did Colonel Lindbergh have to set permission to fly his plane in Great Britain? F. M. The British air ministry authorized Colonel Lindbergh to fly his private plane over Great Britain, provided he does not engage in commercial flights or accept pay for his services. SOUTH AMERICA North and South America are neighbors of the nearest and friendliest type. They are close together geographically and diplomatically. They share the same name, and enjoy in common the benefits of the Panama canal. In recent years radio -and airplane have brought them neare^ to each other. The Globe-Gazette offers a fine map of South America that will give a clearer knowledge of our southern neighbors. Inclose 10 cents for cost and postage. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director Washington, D. C. 1 inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the Map of South America. Name Street City Stale v {Mall (o Washington, D. C.)'

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