The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 18, 1936 · Page 1
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March 18, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, March 18, 1936
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fj p · · L O ' J £ R ·; '-· L i. · , i- r O F i · . NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A Xrt ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 18, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 139 Hull Speech Lacks Fire Administration May Use Secretary in Campaign. By CHAKLES P. STEWART ASHI N G T O N. (CPA)--The admin i s t r a t i o n evidently desires to use Secretary of State Cordell Hull as one of its star speakers in the coming national c a m- paign. It is experimenting w i t h him as a spellbinder now. Perhaps Cordell Hull is the ablest thinker in public life today --. a statesman rather than a mere politician, but I doubt that he can spellbind. He knows what to say, but he says it with no oratorical verve. It is an education in government to read what he has writ, ten or to listen to him across his resk, as I -have done when he was in congress. However, he hasn't the declamatory flair. -He is impressive to the eye; m fact, a very handsome man. But what good does that do him over the radio? Words Have Substance, When Hull makes a speech it is not a speech, it is the reading of an essay. It is a corking good essay, but read in piping tones, with no emphasis, no fire. His words have substance. What be lacks is elocution--utterly. When he was in the house of rep- FLOODS SWEEP EASTERN STATES Venizelos, Former Premier of Greece, Dies resentatives and then in the his fellow lawmakers had the highest respect for his attainments, but they generally scattered when he arose to address them, subsequently :as it was too to hearken to him as a perusing his remarks minutely the Congressional Record. His idea interested them, but tiresome speaker. In Pre-Radio Days. Hull apparently "sold" himself to .his-.ho m e.5tate..pf..T.e.nnessee on tas ' merits: ; to vipre-radib: X times. - Even "then his oratorical deficiencies must have handicapped him. Still the Tennessee folk were his neighbors, Who unquestionably recognized his worth from contact with him. _ Similarly his acquaintanceship in congress was personal. As secretary of state he hasn t had to make platform appearances. The fact that he cannot orate has not mattered. But his ability has counted. Prestige Has Increased. Alone among the cabinet members his prestige has increased throughout the Roosevelt administration. He has lived down Raymond Moley. He has kept clear of such squabbles as Secretary of the Interior lekes has been involved in and of such scandals as have involved Secretary of Commerce Roper's department. He hasn't been mixed up in politics, like Postmaster General Farley. Far from having dwindled to mediocrity, like two or three other members of President Roosevelt's official family, he has made ^ood in the face of a none too promising day, 1933. start on inauguration , . He is a bit too international for some tastes, but he is a "big man" unmistakably. .Balanced "Brain Trusters." It is no secret that Hull was chosen for the premier cabinet post as a mightily substantial piece of furniture. He balanced the "brain trusters. He was and is a moderate liberal, without being a "leftist." He was and is practically "respectable,' 1 in the conservative sense of the word, without, being a reactionary.. His record in office, from the present administration's standpoint. could not have been improved on. He is not too advanced to' offend conservatism. He is liberal enough to .mollify radicalism. And he is a high" class statesman, to satisfy anybody. Can He "Hypnotize?" But can he spellbind ?-- under modern conditions? -- to hypnotize the rank and file of voters? A radio audience? I can see them tuning out on him in short order. Many speakers need "ghost writers" to prepare their speeches for them: they can furnish the elocution. Secretary Hull can do his own writing. What he needs is a ghostly pair of lungs to elocute for him. Cedar Rapids Council Members All Get by First Hurdle in Race CEDAR RAPIDS, bers of the city council hurdled the primary Tuesday in their race for re-election. Finalists incumbents first are: For mayor, F. K. Hahn, J. 'F. Currell; for finance commissioner. Louis Burgus, J. Earle Booth: for public safety. Dan Kruidenier. W. C. Benesh: public improvements, Dave Williams., John L. ITALY LIKELY TO BE FREED FROM ALL SANCTIONS League Seeks Unanimous Stand in Action on Germany. By DEVON FRANCIS Associated Press Staff Writer. A prominent member i of the league of nations council predicted Wednesday night that the league would remove all sanctions from Italy in order to obtain an unanimous condemnation of Germany for denouncing the Locarno treaty. This member declared that it was known that both Anthony Eden, foreign secretary of Great Britain, and Pierre-Etienne Plandin, foreign minister of France, would welcome the opportunity of removing all restraints from 'Italy at the present moment. Italy Rejects Sanctions, Nazi Germany drew Italy to her support in combatting any move which might be made by the league o£ nations council to impose sanctions as a penalty for denouncing the Locarno treaty. As German delegates to the international "council of guilt" arrived in London to sit with the league body on questions brought up by remilitarization of the Rhine- l£.nd, Italy announced the fascist dictatorship would have ho part in sanctions against Germany. ... ..Finan.cial-.and · economic sanctions are in force" against'. Italy for the undeclared war in Ethiopia. Aasgaard of Lake Mills Seeks State Senate Seat Announces Candidacy for Nomination by Republicans. LAKE MILLS--Martin A. Aasgaard, editor and publisher of the Lake Mills Graphic announced his candidacy Wednesday afternoon for the republican nomination as state senator from the district made up of Mitchell, Worth and Winnebago counties. The position is now held by Leo Elthon of Fertile, prominently mentioned in recent weeks as a possible candidate for the governorship and lieutenant governorship. Whether Senator Elthon plans to be a candidate for state office or seek reelection to the legislature has not been announced. In Lake Mills 50 Years. Mr. Aasgaard was born at Albert Lea 56 years ago nnd came to ,, Lake Mills at the age of 6 years. The Graphic has been cited numerous times as an outstanding country weekly and last year Mr. Aasgaard was one of the four "master editors' 1 cited by the Iowa Press association. At present the local man is serv ing as governor of the 40 Lions clubs of northeastern Iowa comprising District 9-A. He has held nearly every office at the command of his neighbors here--mayor, president and secretary of community club, Lions president, postmaster, etc., but this is the first time he has sought other office. A Newspaper Family. Mr. Aasgaard is of a newspaper family. A ' ' MARTIN A. AASGAARD W. Aasgaard, is asao'ciated'-wltn Hm"3h'"lhe'publish- ing of the Graphic here. Another French Flatly Refuse. | son and a sister are also actively The Italian statement of position | engaged in journalism. A brother, Starman; Sheftic. parks, Ed Stefan, Ed fell upon the ears of representatives of Locarno signatories who were deadlocked in their attempts to straighten out the tangled European crisis. The French had flatly refused even to consider a British proposal for a Franco-German demilitarized zone along the Rhine. Despite a violent storm of criticism, the British did not abandon their belief that a temporary neutral zone between the German and French military forces would materially aid the situation. Stanley M. Bruce, president of the league council, announced that the council's "committee of 13" will meet Thursday to start negotiations for halting the war in Ethiopia. All Except Italy. The "committee of 13" is composed of all members of the council with the exception of Italy. The "council of guilt" prepared to brand Germay as a violator of trea- :ies Thursday, with support for the Franco-Belgian resolution already pledged by Spain. Germany Thursday formally will sit down with the 14 nations represented on the league of nations council in London to consider the reich's denunciation of the Locarno pact and its violation of the Versailles treaty. The wording of the resolution of condemnation remained · to be determined. Proposals for Peace. But of more far reaching consequence were the proposals of German Chancellor Adolph Hitler for a new system of peace covenants and the repeated French demand that Germany submit its case to The Hague and abide by that court's decision. If The Hague tribunal should decide that Germany had breached treaties in remilitarizing the Rhineland by dispatching troops into it March 7, a withdrawal of the troops might be called for. That, the reichsfuehrer has warned, could not be complied with. FINDS DYNAMITE CHARGE IN COAL Swea City Man Discovers It Just Before Shoveling It Onto Fire. SWEA CITY--Francis Poole Wed- j nesday considered himself a lucky ] man--considering what might have been. As he was about to shovel some coal into the boiler of the Swea City creamery company, he discovered a charge of dynamite in the fuel. The fuse, cap and dynamite were arranged so as to provide a ready ex- j plosion. ! It was believed at the creamery | that the charge was originally set j in the coal mine and failed to ig-nite. ' Dr. J. A. Aasgaard of Minneapolis, is president of the Norwegian Lutheran church of America. The local editor indicated that he would make an active campaign between now and the June primaries. Ask For Reductions. DES, MOINES, (J)--In the last five days the state board of assessment and review received requests for reductions in assessments on 46 properties valued at 5220,983. ON THE INSIDE RUDY VALLEE Rudy Vallee's Rebuilt Nose Gets Punched ON PAGE 2 Cooper Pleased With High Court Decision ON PAGE 2 Mason City Team Has Good Tourney Record ON PAGE 13 Godfrey Is Named to New Office at Ames ON PAGE 20 WPA Transient Workers to Build $20,000 Wall ON PAGE 10 "With All My Heart," G.-G. Serial Story ON PAGE 4 TANKS EXPLODE; OIL WORKS AFIRE Blaze Breaks Out on Banks of Flooded Allegheny at Pittsburgh. PITTSBURH, (/D--Fire broke out in the Waverly oil works on the banks of the flooded Allegheny river in nearby Lawrenceville Wednesday and threatened , to spread to nearby buildings. - OH-tahk3 : 'expl6ded--with'a "roar heard throughout the community. Six alarms brought out all available firemen. Flaming- oil spurted from the bursting tanks and set fire to nearby buildings of the Pittsburgh Spring Steel company. Traffic on all roads in the vicinity was stopped. Firemen were endangered by the swollen waters of the river that swirled about the burning structures. Hose lines were carried through the djoining buildings of Nuttall- Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing company where 350 men were thrown out of work by the flood. The cause of the fire was not determined. Another fire broke out in the Metzger Bolt and Nut company at nearby Etna after an explosion and threatened to spread to a row of flooded homes. Embers were carried over the community and firemen were unable to reach the scene with their apparatus. Flood, waters were high above the fire plugs. Dozens of families were trapped in their homes and unable to leave. Public Debt at New High of 31 Billion WASHINGTON, /!)--America's public debt shot up abruptly S945.- 443,700 Wednesday to the new high level of $31,447,106,057 as first figures "on the big March borrowing appeared on the treasury statement. The March financing consisted of a gross turnover of $1,900,000,000. Of this total, $544.553,400 was in the nature of conversion subscriptions--the exchange of old securities for new--leaving new cash borrowing of $1.355,000.000. Out of the cash receipts, however, $452,000.000 was appropriated for the retirement of notes which fell due March 16. As a result, the actual new cash borrowed in the mid-month financing was $903,653.550. The conversion offering was for the benefit of notes amounting to approximately $559,000,000 which mature on April 15. As a .result of the borrowing, the treasury net cash balance rose to the unusually high level of $2,756,749,061. In arriving at the. net public debt, this cash on hand would be deductible. WIFE AND 2 SONS WITH HIM AT HIS PARIS DEATHBED Career Closed Just as Followers Hoped for Comeback. By CHARLES FOLTX Associated Press Foreign Staff. PARIS, (.-PI--Eleuthcrios Venizelos, 72, former premier and "father of the Greek republic" which has now becomes a monarchy, died in self imposed exile Wednesday after a short illness. His wife and two sons, Sophocles and Kiriadis, were at his bedside when he succumbed at 8:50 a. m., 2:50 a. m., C. S. T., to complications arising from a slight at- VENIZELOS tack of influenza early this month. The statesman's health had been generally poor since he came to Paris after the failure of the Greek revolution of March, 1935, resulted in restoration of the monarchy and wrecked the hopes of the republicans. "Passed Painlessly." Venizelos, generally regarded as one of the'-greatest statesmen of modern" times, - "passd" "painlessly;" his physicians announced. Death in exile closed Venizelos' career just as his followers were hoping for his- return from his second retirement. Venizelos quit politics after an attempt was made on his life in 1933, and retired to his native Crete to end his days in peace, but he did not stay there long. After the collapse of the March revolution which he headed, Venizelos fled from the island south of Greece to Paris. Plebiscite "Comedy." He denounced the November, 1935, Greek plebescite which resulted in the restoration of King George, as a "bitter comedy," asserting only 20 per cent of the Greek people were royalists. Former Premier Panayoti Tsal- daris, pro-Balkan and anti-Italian policy had aroused Venizelos to assume the leadership of the abortive March, 1935, coup d'etat. Alter the revolt was crushed by the loyal army. Venizelos, with his wife and other republican leaders, escaped to Paris, safe from the death sentence which was passed upon him during his exile. Pardoned by King. After King George was recalled to the throne, the monarch pardoned Venizelos, granting him amnesty. There were repeated reports that Venizelos would be permitted to return to his native island of Crete in exchange for an appeal to his adherents and their promise to support the new regime, but Venizelos always denied all this. Venizelos had been premier seven times and a power both in and out of office before disaster overwhelmed him. The power of his leadership had touched on some phase or other of Greek life almost continuously from the days when he helped free Crete from Turkish rule in 1897, Roosevelt Asks Congress to Vote Billion and Half for Work Relief for Year WASHINGTON, I.-D--President Roosevelt Wednesday asked congress to appropriate $1,500,000,000 for work relief during the next government year beginning July 1. In a special message to congress, the chief executive reviewed the unemployment problem, proposed that the new funds go entirely to the works progress administration and added: "The trend of re-employment is upward, but this trend, at its present rate of progress, is inadequate. I propose therefore, that we ask private business to extend its operations so as to absorb an increasing' number of the unemployed. None (n Be Needed Later. "If the employment gains are substantial enough, no additional appropriation by the next congress for the fiscal year 1937 will be necessary. The ultimate cost of the federal works program will thus be determined by private enterprise." Snowdrifts Deep on Canadian Highways WINNIPEG. highways for a distance of 300 miles west of Winnipeg were reported Wednesday buried deep in snowdrifts after a 24 hour blizzard, which marooned many perjons in cars and trucks ' throughout the nisht PARTS OF IOWA WILL GET RAIN Moisture Predicted in East and Central Sections; Colder in West. DES MOINES. (.T)--A little rain is due in central and east Iowa Thursday, the weatherman said Wednesday, while the west portion will get somewhat colder temperatures. No precipitation was reported at weather bureau stations during the last 24 hours, however. Temperatures averaged above normal over the state Wednesday after getting down to 26 above at Dubiique early Wednesday. Council Bluffs' 60 was the high Tuesday. Low temperatures expected early Thursday were 5 in the northwest, 30 in thp northeast, 35 in the southwest, and 2R in the southeast. In making the request for 500,000,000, Mr. Roosevelt noted lhat more than $1,000,000,000 would be spent out of the treasury in the next fiscal year from prior appropriations, while the budget contained 5600,000.000 for various public works and the civilian conservation corps. The gross projected relief outlay, consequently approximated $3,100.000,000. This compared with the president's estimate that relief outlays in the current financial year- will amount to $3.500,000,000. Will Give Security. In making his relief request, Mr. Roosevelt told congress: "This request together with those previously submitted to the congress to provide for the civilian conservation corps and certain public works will, if acted upon favorably by the congress, give security during the next fiscal year to those most in need, on condition, however that private employers hire many oi those now on relief,rolls." '· "The "president sai'd if the tax program were carried through as he requested, the $1,500,000,000 work relief appropriation "would in effect provide for the third successive year a reduction in the deficit." Appeals to Business. In appealing to business to take up employment, observers considered significant this paragraph in the message: "While the provisions of the antitrust laws, intended to prohibit restraint of trade, must and shall be fully and vigorously enforced, there is nothing in these or any other laws which should prohibit managers of private business from working together to increase production and employment." "Such efforts would indeed be the direct opposite of a conspiracy in restraint of trade. Many private employers believe that if left to themselves they can accomplish the objectives we all seek." Without going into detail of steps open to business to boost employment, Mr. Roosevelt said: Sees Litle Evidence. "Frankly, there is little evidence that large and small employers by individual and unco-ordinated action can absorb large numbers of new employes. A vigorous effort on a nationl scale is necessary by voluntary, concerted action of private industry. "It is my belief that if the leaders in each industry will organize a common effort to increase employment within that industry, employment will increase substantially. "Insofar as their efforts are successful, the cost to the federal government of caring for the destitute unemployed will be lessened x x x. "Only if industry fails to reduce substantially the number of those now out of work will another appro- FORECAST IOWA: Cloudy \vith rain in cen- Iral and east portions Wednesday night and in extreme east Thursday. Warmer in central and east portions and somewhat colder in extreme west Wednesday night. Colder in west Thursday. MINNESOTA: Tartly cloudy in west, snow in east, somewhat colder in extreme west Wednesday night; Thursday partly cloudy, somewhat colder in southwest. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning: Maximum Tuesday 40 Above Minimum in Night 31 Above At 8 A- M. 34 Above The sky Wednesday had a gray cast, suggestive of Kansas or Okla- home dust. The wind, however, was from the southeast rather than the priation and further plans and policies be necessary. Task of Industry. "It is the task of industry to make further efforts toward increased output and employment; and I urge industry to accept this responsibility. I present this problem and this opportunity definitely to the managers of private business; and I offer in aid of its solution the cooperation ot all the ap- pripriate departments and agencies of the federal government." Mr. Roosevelt said that in December 1935, there, were 5,000,000 more people at work than in March 1933, but added: "Inspite of these great gains, there are at present approximately 5,300,000 families and unattached persons who are in need of some form of assistance--3,800,000 families and unattached persons on the works program and 1,500,000 on local and state relief rolls." Problem Difficult One. The president said these figures, "large as they are," do not include all those seeking work and emphasized: "This problem of unemployment is the most difficult one before the country." "It is not exclusively the problem of the poor and unfortunate themselves," he said. "It is more particularly the problem of those who have been more fortunate under our system of government and our economy. "It will not do to say that these needy unemployed must or should shift for themselves. Neither will it do to say tha.t it is a problem for the states and localities. The resources of local governments and states have been freely drawn upon in the last few years and they have not been sufficint. Have Taken Advantage. "It is true that some states, fortunately few, have taken an undue advantage of federal appropriations, but most states have co-operated whole heartedly in raising relief funds, even to the extent of amend- ng state constitutions. "It is not desired in the next fiscal year to encourage any stales to continue to shirk. The federal government cannot maintain relief for .mcmployables in any state. "The federal government then, faces the responsibility of continu- ng to provide work for the needy unemployed who cannot be taken care of by state and local funds." There are 3,800,000 on the work rolls now, but administrators hope to reduce that to 3,500,000 by July 1. Unexpended balances of a $4,880,000,000 appropriation voted last year will be used with the new appropriation during the coming 12 months. VOTE SOUGHTON APPROPRIATIONS Senate Stages Controversy Over Military Training in Colleges. WASHINGTON. (.Ti -- Senate eaders Wednesday hoped to get to a vote on the $611.000.000 war department appropriation bill. First, however, the senators had to settle a controversy about military training n colleges. Senator Frazier (R-Ind.) was seeking to keep R. 0. T. C. imds from institutions that compel students to take military training. Tuesday the senate voted down, 39 to 34, an amendment to provide $12,000.000 to continue the Florida ·ship canal, which has been started with WPA funds. Attorneys for the federal communications commission, conducing n $750,000,000 investigation into he American Telephone and Tele- southwest, injecting- an clement of I S! aph company, announced they mystery into the phenomenon I would seek "full disclosure" of the noted. i company's "labor policy." PENNSYLVANIA'S DEAD REPORTED AS AT LEAST 26 Properiy Damage Rises Into Millions; Fire Adds to Toll. BULLETIN WASHINGTON, (/P)--The navy said Wednesday It had been advised lhat a naval reserve radio operator in Johnstown, Pa., had radioed Philadelphia at 2:50 p. m.: "We have orders to leave hero immediately." An official statement said the message was interpreted by naval reservists on the receiving end in headquarters of (he fourth naval district at Philadelphia as meaning that a dam in Johnstown had broken. FLOODS AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press PITTSBURGH--At least 12 dead in floods engulfing Pittsburgh-West Pennsylvania area; hundreds homeless; millions in property damage: fires. JOHNSTOWN, Pa.--Four lives lost; Concmaugh river receding; worst flood since 18S9 when 2,235 lives lost. NEW HARTFORD. Conn.-Dozens of buildings reported swept away when dam in Farmington river collapses; loss of life feared. W A S H I N G T ON--President Roosevelt orders federal agencies to mobilize for relief work. WHEELING, W. Va.--Thousands along Ohio river leave homes when waters rise above flood .stage..'Inundation of. Wheeling- Island feared. · WILLIAMSPORT, Pa.--Some 3,000 families move to safety. CUMBERLAND, Md. -- Overflow waters flood streets. HARRISONBURG, Va.--Winds increase damage from floods in Shenandoah valley; property damage in western Maryland and northern Virginia estimated at ¥1,000,000. ALTOONA, Pa.--Parts of city engulfed by floods. BEDFORD, Pa.--Hundreds of residents abandon homes. ITHACA, N. Y.--Communications disrupted; waters receding. BRATTLESBORO, Vt. -- Surrounding valley flooded. BINGHAMPTON, N. T.--City prepares for flood conditions. BUFFALO, N. Y.--City digs out of snowdrifts. RALEIGH, N. Car.--Hundreds of school chidren in western part of state marooned by snowdrifts. By R. H. HIPPELHEUSER (Copyright, 1338, by The Associated Press.) Death and misery swept over the eastern states Wednesday as raging rivers rolled up the worst flood devastation on record in many eas. At least 26 were reported dead in Pennsylvania, where unofficial estimates indicated the number of homeless would surpass 10,000 or 15.000. Two persons died in Vermont, two in Virginia and at least one each in Maine and New York. A Georgia windstorm took two lives. Tornadic winds, sleet and sporadic snows increased the death list and sufferiing-. Property damage mounted hourly into many millions of dollars. The steel metropolis of Pittsburgh was inundated and virtually isolated by the surging Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, with flood stages the highest in history. Fire in the industrial area threatened to spread dangerously. Night of Terror. Suffering thousands in Johnstown --after a night of terror with vivid recollections of the great disaster of 1SS9 when the Conemaugh river swept 2,235 persons to their death-watched the receding flood waters with joy. as national guardsmen, CCC and WPA workers and state troopers mobilized for reclamation and to prevent looting. After reaching a depth of 16 feet in city streets throughout the night, the river receded steadily during the day. Four lives were lost there. Elseivhere over the state, in upstate New York. New England and in the southern states, there was no letup in the rampage of bank battering rivers. 30,000 Left Homeless. Along the Ohio, near Wheeling, W. Va., rivermen predicted 30,000 persons would be homeless by Thursday as the waters mounted dangerously toward a flood stage of 50 feet or more. To aid national guardsmen and authorities in the states. President Roosevelt mobilized the full forces of the federal government to give aid. WPA workers and army engin-

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