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TWELVE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MARCH 28 m 1934 NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS Â· ^ *** * ' ,TM^ T ^, ^..^m TnT-TmwTÂ» TV ATJOniTTT? PIP/K^flRm (THIS PAGE EDITED BY . PICKFORD) LOCAL PRESS TO PRINT CORN-HOG CONTRACT DATE Five Basis Facts About Each Farmer Will Be Published. Five basic facts from the contract application of each farmer who takes part in the corn and hog adjustment plan will be published in the local press, according to officials of the agricultural adjustment administration. The publication, which will be directed by the county hog-corn control associations, is an integral part JOUB BEST MARKET HIDES and WOOL Wolf Bros. 810 Fifth St S. W. Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·^Â·Â·Â·i NONE OF THE NEWS IS NEW SAME OLD 'HAPPENINGS WITH NEW NAMES AND PLACES TACKED ON TO THEM f the program for local acbninistra- _ ion of the adjustment effort. It is equired in order to provide full opportunity for a local check on the accuracy of all production claims. The farmer's production statements on corn acreage for the base eriod, number of pig litters farrow- d during this period, hogs ircduced 'or market, and feeder and stocker logs bought, as well as the number of corn acres contracted to be left out of production for 1934, will be Deluded in the published material. Separate production figures for each of the two base period years, 1932 and 1933, will.be carried. Each county corn-hog control association will make final decision as to the exact form of publication, the allocation among local newspapers, and printing rates. The control associations, composed of all farmers who take part in the adjustment program, will be responsible for the publication costs. Special forms which wffl aid control associations in preparing copy for publication, and which offer suggestions on printing styles and allocation, have been prepared by the corn-hog section of the agricultural adjustment administration and are being distributed to the local control associations through state extension (ervices. Here's REAL NEWS ... you can get expert repair service on all types of carburetors, magnetos, starters, generators, s p e e d - ometers and ignition systems at the Central Battery Elec- thic Co. We are the United Motors Service for Mason City and our Guaranteed Square Deal assures your satisfaction. "IT SEEMS TO ME" Weeklv Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day By GEORGE DCRANT PHONE 494 111 119 J O . D E L A W A R E AVE "HERE'S VALUE THE FAMOUS EQUIPPED WITH LATEST MODEL-BRIGGS-STRATTON 4-GYCLE GASOLINE ENGINE NEW TYPE BALLOON ROLL WRINGER SYNCRO MESH GEARS HEAVY PORCELAIN TUB FOR A LIMITED W A S H E R COMPLETE WITH TWO PORTABLE NEW S Q U A R E TYPE SELF - DRAINING TUBS ALL for $94 HERE'S REAL WASHER VALUE BUY NOW--AND SAVE THE n SALES TAX Mason City Hardware Co. OWNED AND OPERATED BY YOUR NEIGHBOR DON McPEAK "OVER ON EAST STATE" TeU me about your early life, your journey to Iowa and what you found here? I was born in Columbia county Wis^ in 1861. My father was a farmer and he wanted more and better land than was to be found around Portage and Baraboo, in Wis., So he started out to Dakota in the fall of 1871, with two yoke of oxen bitched to two covered wagons. I don't think he had any clear idea as to where he was going to locate but at the end of 21 days we were to Hancock county, Iowa and well up to the north end. Most of the rivers we crossed had to be forded. Several times the water came into the wagon box. It was a big adventure for a 9 year old boy. Why did yon stop in Hancock county* It was November when we got to Hancock county, near Forest City and my father had eight cents left of the little money we had at starting. During the night a heavy snow fell and it seemed we could not go on. A man named C. C. Way, living near where we camped, came over and urged father to stop there and build himself a log house and spend .the winter there; so he did and we lived in a house with a dirt floor and a hay roof and did not freeze nor starve, for the neighbors were kind to us. We lived simply; our fuel cost only labor and we got a little work to do. My oldest brother Will, hauled cord wood from Ellington township to Garner for a dollar a cord. My father went to Lake Mills and traded one of the wagons for flour and he found employment helping farmers butcher hogs and took his pay in meat. At that time there was no railroad at Forest City and much of the pork, in the winter season, | was killed and dressed on the farm and sold on that farm. In cold weather it could be kept quite a time, if the price was too low. The reason why we went by way of Forest City on our journey west, was that there were no roads directly acre, -he prairies in the ponds and Blo-^js; but in the hilly region around Forest City, roads were passable. At that time there was a big movement of settlers going out to Kossuth county because there was yet some government land there that could be homesteaded; but my father did not intend to stop short of Dakota when he started out from Wisconsin. After he had wintered there he concluded that it was a good neigh- oorhood and there was timber to be had for fuel and buildings, which might not be the case in Dakota, so stayed. There was a railroad at Garner and it was expected that there would be one at Forest City soon, out it did not come until about 1885. Sixty years ago prairie land was selling at from $2 to $6 an acre and amber land from $15 to $25 and it ^ould be bought on time, with a small down payment. So we settled there and the family grew up in Ellington township in the northeast part of Hancock county. We did not live far from the Way and Maben families. What brought you back to Floyd county? When I became a young man I worked out as a farm hand and wages in Floyd county, near Nora Springs, were better than could be had around Forest City. I worked as a hired hand for several years. i got $20 a month when I was 23 years old. In the meantime I had become acquainted with the young woman Jiat I married, Miss Addie E. Darling, whose home was at Rock Grove.'After our marriage vre went up to where my folks lived and we farmed a year and I accumulated a little stock and some machinery. Then we moved back to Floyd county, near Rock Grove. I bought my first piece of land, 117 acres, for $17.50 an acre and I had no money to make a down payment; but my wife and I worked hard and made the land pay for itself. I owe a lot to my wife for our getting on so well. We now have 232 acres with two sets of buildings on it. My son lives in the other house and has worked the farm for 16 years. Life was simpler 50 years ago. Did you enjoy it as weU as today? I should say not We did not have any screens for the windows and they had to be shut before nightfall or fight mosquitoes all night We had hardly any money. It had to go to pay for the farm and for expenses, but we had plenty to eat Today, if we took away furnaces, bath tuts, hot and cold water in the house, radios, telephones, daily mail, autos and good roads, there would seem to be not much left. But we were busy paying for the farm and we were as well off as our neigh- bora so we did not feel poor. There is as much joy in saving and accumulating as there is in spending. You live quite a distance from a main travelled road. Would you prefer being on a primary road? No, we enjoy the quiet of this road that runs through the middle of our farm. Our buildings are in the A PIONEER SETTLER GEORGE DURANT Born hi Columbia county, Wis., in 1861 and brought out to Hancock county Iowa, 64 years ago, by a pioneer father, who was headed for Dakota teritory; and living In a log cabin, with a hay roof, Mr. Durant qualifies as a pioneer. Most of his life has been spend In Floyd county' near Nora Springs where he married Addle E. Darling, daughter of an early settler at Kock Grove when it was a rival of Nora Springs. They have lived 45 years on their well improved farm, hi Rock Grove township. They have an adopted son Willard who operates the farm. DAIRY REGIONAL MEETINGS BEING PLANNED IN U, S. Session for Iowa Will Be Held at Des Moines April 4-5. . Definite plans for a 'series of 15 regional meetings at which the pro- osed program to aid the dairy industry will be discussed with dairy :armers was announced by Chester C_ Davis, administrator of the agricultural adjustment act. The regional conferences will start the first week in April, will he open to all dairy farmers and have been arranged to cover the entire country. In announcing the dairy plan which, if approved, by the dairy farmers, would be aimed to avert a revert back to lower prices, to improve the buying power of the dairy farmers, eliminate extreme fluctuations and establish a sound basis of recovery for the industry, Mr. Davis reiterated that'the plan is up to the dairy farmers themselves. "We want to do what the dairy farmers of the country want us to do," Mr. Davis said. The regional meetings will be for the purpose of not onlv determining the attitude of the dairy farmers, but also to invite criticism of the program, received suggestions as tt modifications or additional proposals. Mr. Davis emphasized that dairy farmers are invited to the nearest of the regional meetings scheduled, and that their expression of opinion is welcomed. For this region the meeting will be held in Des Moines April 4-5. middle of the farm and that is worth something. At night there is absolute quiet around here except crickets chirping and the bark of a dog. We have a good road out whenever --e want to go. Have you retired on the farm, or do you expect sometime to move to town? I have rented the farm for a number of years, but I like to have a hand in the work although 1 am well past 70 years. In the house we have everything that 'we could'have if we lived in a town and I like to tend cows and pick up eggs by the basketful. What do you think of the old age pension? I think it will take away a dread that many old folks have of being dependent in their old age. It is not always through their fault that they have not accumulated a competency. Whether or'not it will be cheaper than the county home system remains to be seen. One thing I like about it, everyone will have to contribute to it. Now that the state is to sell the liquor will we get rid of the boot- -legger? I hope we will, for the bootlegger has been and is the downfall of a lot of people. If the present plan does no better than the prohibition plan, it will be too bad. Do you think the last legislature was loafing on the job or were they so conscientious as individuals that they could not agree? I sure think they were loafing on the job and it cost us too much money. We should have the Minnesota plan of paying members. Can we reduce taxes and keep up our present standard of schools and roads? I don't see how we can reduce taxes when they keep adding taxes on everything we buy and sell. I think we are spending too much on our roads. We are making grades too high on little traveled roads and spending twice as much money as there is any need of. Will the young farmer of today have a harder time to obtain a home than you had? Yes. We had a hard time with lots less taxes but life was much simpler then.. When you were young the family sized farm, operated by the family, and generally owned by it, was the rule. Win we ever get back to that condition? I hope so. The quicker we get back to individual farm management and ownership the better off we will be. Away with corporation farming. As a rule, individual farmers are self supporting and do not look to the county for aid. Children reared on a farm have not so many temptations to go wrong. Each child has its work to do and learns to work and everyone helps pay the bills. PULSE OF THE FARM I want to call the attention of my readers to the results of the vote given by nearly 5,000'farm families who read Hoard's Dairyman, on methods of dairy farm relief. The vote stood on the butterfat allotment plan, yea 459; no 2,070. Hoard's Dairyman plan, (remove low producing cows) yes, 3,214; no 414.. The diseased cow plan (remove diseased cows) yes, 1,521; no 1,103. Prohibiting sale and manufacture of oleomargarine, yes 3,540; no 745. Summarizing the result, 18 per cent voted for the allotment plan, 82 per cent were for Hoard's plan of getting rid of the low producing cows and 50 per cent were for taking out tubercular and other diseased cows. PACKERS AND PROFITS Farmers, quite generally, hold the opinion that the packers fix the price they will pay the producer; and also endeavor to set the price Â·that the consumer must pay for meat products. In a recent article, I held that that the farmer was at a much greater disadvantage in controlling prices than the packer, the steel maker or the cement mill. Commenting on this viewpoint, George E. Roberts of the National City bank of New York in a letter to the managing editor of the Globe- Gazette says: "I have entire respect for Â· your farm editor's views, which are quite natural from his standpoint, and he shows every disposition to be fair. It is simply impossible for one in his position to have the whole field under his view. Troubles over economic relationships are almost wholly due to mutual misunderstandings. "I have only one further comment to make, towit: That in view of his opinion that the steel, cement and packing industries have much better control over the prices of their products than farmers, he must wonder at their moderation. Thus the income statistics of the Bureau of Internal Revenue show that for the 10 year period 1922-1931 the profits of all the meat packing com- panies averaged .88 of 1 per cent on their volume of sales. That is to say, of every dollar of sales 99.12 cents was paid out for the livestock or commodities purchased, plus operating expenses, and .88 of 1 per cent remained as profit. I referred in my former letter to the profits of the steel industry during a similar period. "They all naturally try to control prices and save something for profit, as do the various lines of business'in Mason City, but they all have only very moderate success in doing so. The only way to absolutely control the price of your product is by refusing to sell at any lower price, and it is poor success only that leaves you with your product unsold." WHO PAYS PROCESSING TAX? Thomas E. Wilson, a Chicago packer, testifying before the agricultural committee of the house of representatives made these statements of the position of the packer: "All of this leads to the important question that is in your minds and in everybody's minds: The question of the application of the processing tax and who is paying it. Accord^ ing to the best judgment that we r.an get at this time and the best views that are obtainable, very little of the tax that has been imposed lias gone to the consumer. "I cannot say how much, but it is a small percentage, and that in spite of the tremendous effort on the part of the packing industry to get the very last cent out of PÂ° rlc products. "Now, in view of the situation that I have outlined, there are only two places where the processing tax can go: One is to stay with the packer; that is, that it must be regarded as an element in the cost of livestock. The other place is to the producer. "I wish it were possible for the packing industry to absorb the tax. But I shall mention some figures to you in a few moments that will convince you that it is just not possible to accomplish that. "The amount of this tax, based on the present rate of ?1 a hundredweight, live weight of the hog. would represent ?2.50 on 250 pound hog. If you apply that tax to the production of last year, 47,000,000 hogs it would amount to $118,000,000. 'Now, the biggest part of that tax in my opinion, is going back to the producer. It is not being absorbed by the packer, because he just cannot do it; it-would be utterly impossible. The sum of ?H8,- 000,000 is approximately four times what the packing industry made last year, as nearly as can be estimated from figures which leading packers have published. "Much has been said about the processing tax in all parts of the country, the producer complaining that those taxes are being passed back to him. Goes Back to Producer. "In a sense, of course, that is not correct, and I think that it ia hardly the proper way for the producer to look upon the proposition. As a matter of fact, it is the purpose of the agricultural adjustment act and of the department to refund to the producer who complies with the corn-acreage reduction program and the hog-reduction program substantially all of the amount that is covered by the processing tax. "Now the rate of tax that will be in existence on the first of March, $2.25 a hundred pounds. Take the ordinary pork loin which represents about 9% per cent of the hog. The average person probably would figure that the tax on it would be 2% ents a pound. But we cannot figure the price that way. We cannot add even two cents on very many low- priced cuts, like neck bones, feet and many other parts of the hog. The result is that a larger amount must he apportioned to the more demanded cuts. Properly converted, the tax on pork loins would amount to 4.8 cents a pound. The'present carload price for pork loins in Chicago today is about nine cents. So you can see that the tax, if it could be added to the market price of pork loins, would add 50 per cent to the price.' Now, when you try to add so large an amount and sell the same quantity of loins at the increased price, it just cannot be done. Retailer Fixes the Price. "The retailer, of course, is the packer's customer. The consent de- cree prohibits the larger packers from doing any retailing and they do not engage in retailing, but do sell their meat products through retailers. "It does not make any difference what the packers think about about the cost of the product or what they would like to get for it. The price is determined by what retailers are willing to pay. "The price of the product is determined by the price the consumer will pay, through the agency of the retailer, and that is not determined on the basis of the price of the livestock. There is not any use in trying to fool ourselves and say that tne packers can get the price that the meat should sell for or should sell the meat according to the cost of the livestock, because I can assure you that it is not so; it cannot be handled in that way" Better Roads Better Farming 167,200 Farmers Have Contracted to Cut Corn Production AMES, March 28. (.a 1 )--With the corn-hog signup drawing to a close officially this week, 167,200 farmers have contracted to reduce pro duction, Murl McDonald, Iowa ex tension service assistant director estimated today. Of this total, 132,900 contract- have been tabluated by count} agents in 78 counties. In 23 counties appraisal of con tracted acres has been completed and appraisal work is nearly com plete in the remaining counties. Seventy-five members of the Ox ford School Dads club in Oakland Cal., volunteered their services fre of charge to make any necessary al terations at the school to compl with building safety regulations. DEAD Animals of All Kinds Removed MasonCity Rendering Co. We pay phone calls, Phone 1096 NIGHT SCHOOLS BECOME POPULAR : nstructions Given at Forest City, Garner and Other Communities. The last two weeks has seen the lose of a number of night schools or farm men and women. Among he places holding them are Forest City, Garner, Charles City, Fred-' ricksburg, New Hampton and Plymouth. The usual term is 10 weekly les- ons on some topic in which the neighborhood is interested and in some places the home economics teacher conducts the class for the women while the teacher of voca-. ional agriculture leads the men's- classes. At New Hampton, 322 different men attended and 150 different women. At Fredericksburg 153 different men attended. At Plymouth 88 different men attended and the average attendance was 51. The. number completing the course was 41 and the number who were there three or more meetings was 62. Ed Chehock is president for the coming year. At the last meeting there was speaking by Superintendent Neifert and R. L. Dixon, pres-. ident of the school board, and an oyster supper concluded the pror CLOVER SEED Extra Fine Quality--Raised on Absolutely Clean Ground EMMERT BROTHERS Mason City, Iowa, Phone 29F21 I WASHER Having purchased a Truck ... I will haul my PERCHERON STALLION from Farm to Farm. Call 7 or 31 at NORA SPRINGS for terms or dates. M. C. BITTERMAN SAVE MONEY at F1EUTS BROODER STOVES $9.75 and $11.95 Sweet Clover Seed While it lasts, per hundred... A. B. Lyman's Grimm Alfalfa, Cl 7 Oft per hundred.. Â«P H Â· v" Hay and Pasture Mixture, per hundred.. Chick Starting Mash Per $0 OC hundred $Â£*Â·Â£*J Red Clover Seed Per hundred . Â· L V^CCw $16.25 Lawn Seeds, pound 25c Garden Seeds Special Lot, 35 packages.... Garden Fertilizer Hundred pounds Work Harness, Snecial value. . C A . Jv AUTO TIRES AND BATTERIES--Field's Will Save You Money. Sizes For All Cars. Let Us Show f hem to You. HENRY FIELD SEED STORE 514 South Federal Ave., which Is first building south of 1933 Clothes Come Out Cleaner--in Less Time--and Wear Longer THE GAS ENGINE VOSS HAS THE FEATURES YOU WANT Full size porcelain enamel tub, exclusive "hand washing" design, powered by famous Briggs and Stratton 4-cycle gas engine, rigidly constructed to give years of trouble- free service. Buy N o w . . . Benefit by the COMBINATION OFFER Â¥ * of WASHER and 2 PORTABLE DRAIN TUBS LONG EASY TERMS BUY THIS WEEK -- SAVE THE TAX Currie-Van Ness Co.