The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 10, 1937 · Page 12
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February 10, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 12

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 10, 1937
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·SSiSi^aass^^ t SESsiiiSsSSSSSSsSb^S TWELVE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 10 · 1937 Better Farms · V. Better Roads NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD Better Social Life . . . Better Schools ·FARMERS GIVEN WARNING ON USE OF CLOVER SEED Urged ty Department Not to Use Unadapted Product. In order to make clear the provisions of the 1937 agricultural conservation program for the north central region, regarding the use of adapted seed, the following Statement was issued by Claude H. Wickard, director, of the north central division: "Some confusion' has arisen as to how payments to farmers cooperating in the 1937 agricultural conservation program for the north central region may be -a£- lected by their seedings of un- adapted foreign and unadapted domestic red clover and alfalfa seed. "First o£ all, no practice payment of 52.50 an acre for eeeding alfalfa will be made if any un- adapled alfalfa is seeded on the farm in -1937. Likewise, no practice payment of $2 an acre for seeding red clover will be made it any unadapted red clover seed is seeded on the farm in 1937. Relates to Acreage. "Another provision of the program relates to the use of acreage diverted from soil-depleting crops. On Jan. 22, the folowing telegram was sent to the chairman o£ all state committees and to fieldmen of the north central region: " 'Following sentence being added to first paragraph of Part III of NCR one hundred one (Quote) Any acreage upon which unadapt- ed seed or mixtures containing any unadapted seed is planted in nineteen thirty seven shall be classified as if such unadapted seed or such mixtures were not planted (Unquote) Advise county committees about this addition and that red clover and alfalfa seed imported from countries other than Canada not considered adapted.' "The effect of the provision quoted is that in no case will farmers receive the diversion'or S6 payment, or the conversion or §3 payment merely because of the seeding of such unadapted seeds. However, the acreage upon which these unadapted seeds are seeded may, qualify for. the diversion or $B payment, or both the diversion and conversion payments, depending upon the other use made of the acreage. Classifies as Neutral. "For instance, if a 'farmer fallows a field in the approved ma*n- HGI-, and in the fall of 1937 sows unadapted seed on such field, the acreage so used \vould classify as neutral and be included in the computation of the $6 diversion payment. Or, if a farmer after July 1, 1937, plowed under an old seeding of a clover, or grass---a use which. classifies the land as soil- conserving--and later sowed the land to unadapted red clover or alfalfa seed, the acreage so used would be considered as conserving and would be included in the computation of both the $6 and $3 payments. "On the other, hand, if unadapt- ed seed is sown upon an acreage which is idle in 1937 except for the sowing of unadapted seed, the land thus sown wiuld be classified as idle and would be considered in the computation _ o £ payments the same as other idle land. Idle land may be either neutral or soil-depleting depending upon other provisions of the program for the north central region. Of course if a soil-depleting crop is harvested from the land on which such' adapted seed is sown, the land will be classified as soil depleting in all instances." County Home Project Meeting Called for Feb. 17 at Y.W.CA Mrs. E. P. DeGraw, county home project chairman, is calling a county meeting to be held on Wednesday, Feb. 17, at the Y. W. C. A. Mrs. Sarah Porter Ellis, state home demonstration agent leader, will be in the county on that day to talk over home project .work and discuss Achievement day plans with the leaders. The meeting will begin at 10 o'clock and close at 3:30. Leaders have been asked to bring sandwiches and one: other dish for lunch. All home project chairmen, district chairmen, club leaders and everybody interested in home project work are invited to attend. 722 SOOTH FEDERAL, FARM BUREAU NEWS * * * » · A Weekly Feature Depicting Activities of Cerro Gordo County Organization. HUMAN ELEMENT IS CONSIDERED Fixation of Opinion and Emotional Fluctuations' Are Analyzed. By R. M. HALL There is a double law of human nature which we have to reckon with when we deal with any problem which involves human progress and human welfare. We have the law of fixation of intellectual opinion and the law of Ihe fluctuation of emotional attitude. This is true whether we deal with political, social or religious questions. It is easy to arouse a person's emotion but it is very difficult to change the same person's intellectual opinion. Revivals are built on the fluctuation of the emotional attitude while intellectual opinion remains fixed. This is one reason why it is so difficult and slow to get social and economic changes in a democracy. We must' succeed in getting a majority change in the intellectual opinion of the masses. A dictatorship is based on the emotional attitude of the people. We prefer the former and sanity will take no other course. Progress is slow, must be slou' to take root. A sturdy oak takes centuries to reach maturity but will withstand adverse storms, while a poplar matures in a few decades and a summer blast may uproot it. I have observed and so have the readers, that under national strain it is difficult to get the public's interest centered on some sane action, but if a glib tongucd orator can arouse the public emotion, which is not so difficult, to some rash action, the public shouts approval. Opposed lo War. I shall take a few instances to prove this. In the early spring or late winter of 1917 the elder La Follette traveled the middle west and raised his voice against the United States entering the World war. He was paid with hisses and threatened with a trial as a traitor. The elder Lindbergh, father o£ the famous flyer, received the same fate in the house of congress. Sanity would have told us and ·eflfiction now proves it, that liese two statesmen with others of their type, \yere right. We may still tote the idea that we were luty bound to protect the couti- .ry's honor and the country's cili- zens. What citizens? What honor? Those that died on the fields of riandcrs? We did not protect them. They died. There is-no excuse for war through sanity, it is only a perverted emotion that calls for war. I shall not deal with this further although there 's plenty of meat for thought. After the war some sane statesmen tried to salvage something out of the mess our emotion had brought us, then these men,wore up against another stubborn law of human nature, the fixation of our opinions. We had changed from a debtor to a creditor nation almost over night. This was foreseen by some and as a nation we were asked to recognize it. Would we? No, we rehashed the old theory of balance of trade. It had worked, and successfully, since the Civil war. Therefore, it must be eternally good. Promoted Exports. While we owed Europe or the world some billions of dollars we had to . send abroad sufficient goods to pay the interest and amortize these debts. Mercantile interests saw to it that our national policy continued to promote exports and restrict imports. It fitted the fixed opinion of organized self interest and we thought and still think it fits the general interests. Does it? Europe now owes us about eleven billion dollars of public debt, and some five billion dollars private debt. Should not our policy of trade be reversed? Another national policy built on emotion is our attitude to European debts. Europe owes us this tremendous debt and she must pay it. It is her moral obligation. I don't question the moral. I question our atlilude. We have now decided to settle this question of debt, and have passed a law to do it by punishing the wicked who have not paid their debts. U'c have shut off their trade, refuse them credit, "and do all the things which, incidentally, hurts us vastly more than they do them, and will not collect a penny." It is iike the old debtor law: To cast FARM B U R E A U EXCHANGE Members are asked to consult Farm Bureau office for ad vertising rates on this column. For Sale: Polled Hereford Bulls. Golden King Seed Corn. William McArthur, Mason City.. For Sale: Duroc Brood Sows,, /arrow in April. Shorthorn Bull, 2 years old. Axel Anderson, Mason City. FAR.M BUREAU OFFICERS TM-. Ha '' President · A ' f; u ?; man ...Vice President b. A. Mathre Sprrntaru Shirley S. Stanfleld ....'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'§?eMur« FABJU BUREAU DIRECTORS Grant :.. Howard Cash, Clear Lake L n c o l n Irving Ashland! Clear Lake Lime Creek. .Leslie VanNotc. Mason City "Ils Paul H. Malzen, Mason Cilv Clear Lake .Walter Wood, Cloar LaK i,f ke A. H. Stoil. Clear Lake Mason . Etelr Z. HoiRln. Mason City Poi-Uand Paul Spoils, Nora Sprinus ""'"" «. F. Miner. Clear L^kc Mount Vernon..J. C. Oehltvl. Clear Lake g 1111 Cecil H. Aviso. Rockwell °«' cn F- L. Thompson. Rockford Crimes. Richard James-, Thornton Pleas, Valley..Clarence Uluin. Su-aledale Geneseo Frank Kirk, Hockwell Dougherty .........Barney Dougherty. Dous'h'erty UOME I-ROJECT CHAIRMAN "rant Mrs. Ernest Carr. Clear Lake Lincoln, Mrs/Irving Ashland, Clear Lake Lime Creek ......Mrs. Peter Frahm. iiason City calls _ ^ Mrs. Martin Hendrickson, Nora SDrings Clear Lake · Mrs. Elmer Nelson. Clear Lak" Lake Mrs. Ben Skadeland. Clear Lake Mason Mrs. George Holt, Mason City Portland , ..Mrs. A. B. Brocket!. Nora"Springs "n'on Mrs. Hugh Strain. Ventura Mt. Vernon .. .. . Mrs. J. R, Richardson, Clear Lake Bath . Mrs. Cecil Avtse. Rockwell Owen. ....Mrs. John Curran. Mason City S rimc s Mrs. carl Floy. Thornton Pleasant Valley .. .: Mrs. Clarence Hawson, Sheilleia Genoseo Mrs. Will Bruns. Sheffield Dougherty Mrs. E. G. Dougherty, Dougherty County Home Project Chairman..." ... Mrs. E. P. DcGraw. Mason City Chairmin Boys' Club Committee _.--.- Earl M. Dean. Mason City Chairman Girls' Club Committee · · · · · · · · · - , - Mrs. Earl M. Dean Publicity Committee-R. M. Hall. Mrs. R. Furloigh. Leigh Curran. Acting County Agent.. .Andrew N Olson County Club Agent Paul Henderson Home DemonstraUon Agent · · · · "··· Florence ZoUlricer Office Assistant Gcnevievc M.' Smith Office 213 Federal Bld e .. Mason City him in prison until he pays the last penny. How can these European nations pay their debts If they can't sell us their goods. We have' over half the world's gold,- we do not 'want or can we use their services and we refuse them the only avenue open to pay their debts. As farmers'we can remember a few years ago, when taxes and interest came due. The creditors refused to accept our grain, our hogs, etc. They wanted cash. Did we have it? Why not? Were we satisfied? Is Europe? Wouldn't Face Music. I know very tew it any of our elected representatives would d;ire to cancel this just debt and come dome and face the music. It is the only sane thing to do. England did this alter the Napoleonic day. But we harp upon the moral obli- \ gallon and as it is moral, we can ;o easily arouse emotion. Now here is whore the rub comes in a democratic country, and especially in one with so varied occupation as the United States. Our large publications must cater to public opinion. They have lost the power to mould it. Our public men are elected from states or districts and must represent states and districts. Special interests are all represented. If you watch the trend of events, general interest is the only one which has no representation unless it should be the president. I may augment on some o£ these statements in some later article. MEETINGS Items on Gatherings of Farm Organizations. A meeting of county agenls in this district with a representative of KGLO was held on Friday, at which time plans were made lor future broadcasts. Herbert G. Folken, economist from the extension service, Ames, met with the agricultural planning committee o£ Cerro Gordo county on Wednesday. A district meeting of the Iowa Farm Bureau federation will be held at Garner Thursday, Feb. 18. R. M. Hall, president of the Cerro Gordo County Farm Bureau, Mrs. E. P. DeGraw, home project chairman, and Andrew N, Olson, acting county agent, will attend this meeting. Mrs. E. P. DeGraw, home project chairman, attended Farm and Home week at Ames this week. Andrew N. Olson, acting county agent, will attend Farm and Home week at Ames Friday and Saturday. The following delegates from Ihe Rural Young People's Forum will go to Ames with Mr. Olson: Robert Pine, Paul Poppen, Bon Curran, Vclma Rucker and Doris Bartlett. Special programs of interest to rural young people have been prepared for these two days. Aeling Opens Cerro Gordo Hatchery Here G. O.' "Jerry" Aeling is opening the Cerro Gordo hatchery this week at 1507 South Federal avenue. The new establishment will have a capacity of 32,000 and will be equipped with new Robbins incubators. Mr. Aeling, who for three years was manager of the Stromberg hatchery here has taken a two weeks' course in poultry diseases at the Salisbury laboratories in Charles City. He has had seven years of experience in Ihe hatchery business. BETTER CAREFUL THAN REGRETFUL Many Farm Accidents Can Be Avoided by Keeping Safety in Mind. "Be specific," some of our readers say. "Too much look out for this and look out for that, and not enough accident reports to justify the warning," say others. "We don't believe that anybody is h u r t by starting a fire with kerosene" more letters read. So, if we're to have mutiny, let it begin here-here goes for some actual reports. Morgan county, III., one farmer dead here, and one in Scott county, both because they used fuel oil to start fires. From South Dakota, we are informed of a woman who kept a small can of kerosene in the warming oven of the kitchen stove for starting fires. Her husband failed to reach her in time to extinguish the last fire she started--and now the poor woman is dead. For the information of the party saying that kerosene has been used to start fires in his home for years with no dire result--in the last five years, the use of kerosene in this manner has been responsible for 295 deaths. During the same period, 91 persons were killed while using gasoline for this purpose. There is but little doubt that all of these had been using kerosene with no heretofore dire results when it happened. Surrendered Finger. For the doubters who keep their gloves and mittens on while fiddling around moving machinery-we hear from Newton to the effect that a gentleman, operating a corn sheller, surrendered a finger because he didn't remove his gloves when working 'around this apparatus. They say it is news when a nuin bites a dog. It is also news when a pig bites a farmer, and so we hear from Grand Ridge, 111., of an infuriated pig'that attached,a farmer and bit him so severely that hospital attention was necessary. While it is becoming generally well known that farming is the most hazardous occupation in the world from the standpoint of the number of people killed, it is. not generally known that, with the exception of farm machinery, farm animals are the next highest contributing factor to accidents! farm deaths. Fell Into Vat. Speaking of pigs and biting, lore is an accident reported from Quincy that tells about one fellow who apparently, was preparing to do a little biting on his own accord, but slipped and fell into Lhe vat of boiling water in which he was going to scald his future pork. It was reported that one leg was severely burned. And so, on, and on, through baskets of clippings telling ol this farmer crippled for life, that housewife scalded to death, somebody's child eating lye, and all principally because we humans are so sure that, while it may happen to everybody else, it can never happen to us. A thought for today, and tomorrow, and forever--"Isn't it better to be careful a thousand times than to be sorry once?" Third of Series of Leader Schools to Be Held Next Week The third series of leaders' training schools in the home project nutrition course will be presented in Cerro Gordo county on the following dates: , Owen-Dougherty, Feb. 16, home of Mrs. H. C. Frenz; Bath-Gcn- esoo, Feb. 18, home of Mrs. n. T. Lumsden; Grimes-Pleasant Valley, Feb. 19, home of Mrs. R. E. James; Union-Mt. Vernon, Feb. 22, home of Mrs. Frank Marlow; Lake-Lincoln, Feb. 23. home of Mrs. E. A. Thrams; Mason-Portland, Feb. 24, home o£ Mrs. D. H. Bitterman; Grant-Clear Lake, Feb. 25, Mrs. Abe Van Hoosen, and Lime Creek-Falls, Feb. 26, Mrs. William McArthur. "Methods of Cooking for Tender Meats" will be the subject of this'lesson. Meetings will start at 10 o'clock. Township and school district chairmen, publicity and music chairmen, as well as 4-H club leaders are invited to attend the training schools. Tuberculin Tests of Floyd County Cattle to Start on Feb. 22 Orders have been issued by the state and federal department of agriculture for a complete test for tuberculosis of all dairy and breeding cattle in Floyd county. This will be the first re-accrediting test, as approximately three years have elapsed since the county was accredited. The test will be conducted by the practicing veterinarians of Floyd and adjoining counties. In order to minimize time ar^l expense all herd owners are urged to co-operate with the veterinarians conducting the tests. Dr. B. L. Cnudill, assistant veterinarian U. S. department of agriculture, of A l i a Visla, will be in charge of the work. "IT S E E M S TO ME" A Weekly Farm Page Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Fsrm Wives on Important Economic Questions. By Mr. and Mrs. R. Z. Nicholas. How Ion? have you been a farmer? Mr. Nicholas: Practically all my life. I have tried other ways of getting a living but I like farming and country life. How large a farm do you operate and how? 1 am operating 248 acres as a renter. I pay cash rent. How long: have you been on this farm? Thirteen years and apparently the owner and the operator are both well satisfied. What Is your principal line in farming? When I began I raised hogs and sold some grain but we have gradually moved into milk production. We changed from shorthorns to Brown Swiss and we recently bought a very good Brown Swiss bull. Our cows are grade Shorthorns and we have kept selecting the best milkers until we think the cross will make a good combination. A few years ago the owner built a good barn and then added a silo so now I. am in good shape for milk production. We keep about 25 milk cows and sell the milk to the Nora Springs creamery to be pasteurized for sale to the people of Nora Springs. What do you think of the silo and silage? I don't see how anyone can afford to keep milk cows without having a silo. It assures one of plenty of succulent feed which is practically all eaten. It gives the cows an all-the-year around pasture. I like a roof on my silo both for comfort in winter and for preserving the silage in the summer if any is kept over. That is another reason why I like the silo. It is the only way I know of keeping the corn plant over the summer season in condition to be eaten at any time. I can store move feed in a silo in less room, and at less expense than in any other way and it is more thoroughly digested. I see you feed soy beans. How do you like them? Very well. It took us farmers some time to learn what kind to sow; how to grow them and how best to harvest them but, we are learning. I don't care to grow them for seed. I can use them better as cow feed. How do you keep up fertility on this farm? Early fall plowing to kill weeds. Hauling out manure as quickly as possible and keeping the yards clean of manure. Seeding down to' clover, rotation of crops. Watching the fields so that the soil is not washed away onto some other farm or down the river. When I came here there were gullies on the hillside that a loaded wagon could not cross. I filled them and prevented them from forming. What Is your main source of income? Milk and some grain. I sell some hogs. Not so man.v as I would if 1 had a lot of skim milk to feed to pigs. What Is your solution of the renter-owner problem? That is hard to say. The 193S census shows that one-third of all the renters on Iowa farms were on the same farm one year or less. This means that during the winter of 1933-34, 37,000 families moved. Maybe not so many moved last year or will move this spring, but such a condition is bad for the renter and bad for the farms. It costs too much lo move and every farm is a different problem. It is bad for the renter, bad for the owner and bad for the community. There are two sides lo the problem. If the renter is a good farmer the owner will not want him to move and if the owner is a poor landlord the renter will want to get away; but it is hardly possible for a farmer to break even if he rents a different farm every year. Supposing lie slays a number of years, as conditions are now, can a renter make more than a living? Prices have been good for two years. He ought to have a good living at least. Whether he makes more than that will depend on the man, or the family. Whether the present w a n t is stronger than the future need. What is your neighborhood doing for social life? Mrs. Nicholas: We belong to three clubs. The "Ugo-Igo" is a neighborhood club and it meels once a month, in the evening. It is about 20 years old. We have a pig- gram and we still sing a club song that Mr. Pickford wrote for us when he belonged to if. We enjoy meeting our neighbors. We also belong to a club at Nora Springs,--the Chicken Hawk club. We meet every two weeks for a 6:30 o'clock dinner and then play 500 for the evening. Then I belong to a club,--the L. U. G. A. (let us get acquainted.) There arc 20 ladies. I joined.in 1917 and we meet every two weeks in the afternoon. We do fancy work or mend our husband's socks. If we prefer we have a program and a nice afternoon with our neighbors and friends. In the.sum- mer we have a picnic and in midwinter a diriner; a Hallowe'en party and we celebrate the wedding ·anniversaries of our members^ beginning at Ihe fjfih and Like Farming Mr. and Mrs. R. Z. Nicholas Both Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas arc Kentuckyans from the vicinity of Trimble antl although they have been in Iowa since 1914 they still think the blue grass part of Kentucky is a fine country. Mr. Nicholas has been a farmer (he greater part of his life and he likes it. They hart two sons, one of whom died in 1916. The oilier one is In partnership with his father in farming. They live on No. 18 a mile west of Nora Springs. every filth one afterwards. I enjoy all three of the clubs. Do you like lo live traveled road? on a man; ·Very much. There is ahvays something to see' going by. Our friends come oflener than they would if the road was bad. Our road is always the first to be opened. I do not think we get any more agents or peddlers than those living on less traveled roads. At first, we used to havi chickens and other poultry killed by autos but we soon taught them to stay off the road by feeding them at the back of the building site. Wliat do you do in fancy work for your own pleasure and benefit? I do some of all kinds. I make quilts, knit and crochet rugs, make paper flowers, and do all my own sewing. I like to go fishing and swimming when the season \s right and I love to have flowers in the yard. There are no lonely hours , for me. There is always something doing and I enjoy being a farmer's wife. PULSE OF THE FARM By ARTHUR PICKFORD Not for a long time has there been so good an illustration of widespread influences that 'cause what we call weather. Freezing in the orange belt in California, floods all along the phio valley, unusual amount o£ zero weather in the north central states and very moderate snowfall in Iowa indicate the very far reaching effects of the causes ol our weather. Because of this the business of predicting change for months ahead and for wide areas is still guess work. All we can safely say is that it is likely to be hot next July 4 and cold on Ground Hog day. At Dealers' Convention. SHEFFIELD -- H. H. Atkinson is in Minneapolis attending a Gamble dealers' convention. J. M. "Jack" Robertson AUCTIONEER Specialty is Furebred Livestock and Farm Sales. PHONE 2019 MASON CITY SEE IT BEFORE BUYING! NFW "IOWA" CREAM ntn lUWH sFPiRj SEPARATOR · FAMOUS "CURVED DISC" BOWL · WORLD'S CLOSEST SKIMMER · MADE IN AMERICA BY AMERICAN LABOR , OF AMERICAN MATERIALS · LOW SUPPLY TANK; E A S I E R T O W O R K WITH "A- An unmatched Separator ralue! Bull! la fire a IHotims ol aerrice. New EASY-TUHN- IMG igeor cuiemblT. Automatic lubrication. Famous Exclu- »|VQ "Curred Disc" Bowl. Discs o[ stainless Bleel -- {optional equipment) -- easy lo cloaa and non-rusting. See this machine before buying -- U » a product of 3B yean Separator experience. Extra Cream Soon Payt For It! CERRO GORDO IMPLEMENT CO. 115 Eighth St. S. E. Phone 444 ftirove. a 2-Cvlinder,a4-CYlinder and a frCvlinderTractor · . m . · · ' 6S3 i^--*. - . "Sure, I sold myself on the Oliver Row Crop "70" mum drawbar power, or for fewer motor revolu- traclor! I drove a 2-cylinder, a 4-cylindcr and a tiona when you're cultivating. Does it cut down the 6-cylinder tractor just once around the field. That's travel speed? Not a bit, you just step up into a all I needed, and it's all you'll need to make you higher gear and go right along at the same rate, pick the "70"--the only 6-cylinder general-pur- You'll like the self-starter, implement power lift, pose tractor. hammock seat and finger-tip control just as well "Would you'go back to a 2- or 4-cylinder auto- as * do '" mobile? Your car today is a lot better than the Drire a 2-cylinder, a 4-cylinder--and then we'll one you drove five .years ago. It has more cylinders arrange to have you drive a 6-cylinder OSiver Row and a high compression engine. That's why you Crop "70" tractor. Judge for yourself I get the 'pep* and the economy, O 6 Cylinders too. The Oliver "70" H-C (high compression) burns regular gasoline, and what economy! The "70" K.-D uses kerosene or distillate. Either tractor is economical --here's one of the big reasons why: "There is a variable speed governor that you can set for maxi- O L1V E R ITS THE "6 Smooth and Quiet PoVver Self-Stnrter Implement Power Lift Variable Speed Governor Finger-tip Control Farm Equipment Supply 722 South Federal Phone 1056

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