The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 13, 1944 · Page 1
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January 13, 1944

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Thursday, January 13, 1944
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SAVE ME--I AM PA^ER- I Am Ammunition For War . Wort, or Throw Me Away D E P A R T M E N T O F H I S T O R Y A N t X A R C H I V E S Q £ C *i rt » *. *· -- » T » w v/ -/* VQV. L HOME EDITION Aj»oci«t«d fm+ »nd Unll«d Preu Full Leucd Wjni (Five Cents a Copyt 4 MORE FLEE Tnui of Stolen Cars Trace Journey of Fugitives to Tama' ,.,,-,.,. ... .-ii-Wl--Four trusties es- _ capeo · from : the state men's re- rformatory here Wednesday night, I just ,12..days after the escape of A Iong;t«irhi convicts, and-Goverhor ) B. B. · -Hickenlooper immediately If ordered a new investigation. 'The trusties are: Billy Leo'Mc- l/Claskey, 23, Kansas City;-Harvey |1iH. Spooner, .21; Storm Lake, Iowa; fijNorroan Faught, 21, 'Toledo, Iowa, 1i and Tony Brodinski, 23, Chicago. JK A', trail of stolen care traced the |fugitives' journey to Tama, 54 ·J mites, southwest of her*. The es- jieajees walked away from No. 3 Fj, Priwn farm 3 miles north or the £, reformatory. It A -preliminary check of cir- [..euiastahces surrounding the es- II;cape showed the · quartet's . ab- [ksence was not noted until-about ··* 7:35~a. m : 'and that the alarm was TjJnot sent out over;lhe state police ffradio. until about 10:32. · ' M In the previous break the cori- Riyicts. kidnaped 2 prison-officials, r ;,who'were released soon after the j v escape.-' The convicts were cap- ti'turea at Davenport after 31 hours I'/ot- liberty. ' I',!; Hickenlooper said he had asked Il.ChJet R. w. Nebergall of the state I; Dn '«au' of ^investigation to take || lwcn Personnel aa-he deemed ne- I t;cessary to Anamosa and to make I.» "thorough, complete arid im? '.partial inveytication." . ' }"- :^ e , governor said that Warden .j'-Foss Davis had telephoned him If.Thuttday morning arid asked such "..an,, investigation. Earlier this .week . 3 guards . were dismissed ; and 2 othei-s were demoted as a ^result of the investigation pi the ·I Jan. l escape. 1 '. "Davis personally wanted it ; determinea_ whether he was at , fault or free from fault, and if he -vas not at fault he would like to --·=--=-·'·--·-- - good of the L He MM the investigators would nave access ,tp any .other siate ; agencies' 'or facilities ' t o 'do ; a ; thorough job. They are to investigate ' "whether- there are any I' irregularities, Upsations, or mte- ·; management." ?.--, McCJaskey was sentenced from -Crawford county to 10 years lor -.forgery and was received at the ··.institution'Sept. 14, 1343. Spoon- ·'er, was sentenced from Buena Vista county to 5 years for assault to rape and was received 1,1 June 16,? 1943. ; .'Faught-was received Sept. 24," ,t-,1841, from Tama county, where lihe was sentenced to 10 years for · forgery. Brodinski was receive'd 'iiDec. 30, 1.939, from Johnson coun- jty, where he was sentenced to 10 ·years for robbery. i Sanford Grassfield,' farmer of ·near Anamosa, reported h* was l sitting in his car in front of the -Clyde Smith home, at · Anamosa about midnight, when 2 men, one of whom carried a kni/e, 'opened the. door. of. the car and announced: - . : · : . '· · ;"We're";talung you for. a ride!" Grassfield said he kicked one liof.the intruders'down, and slipped I'.put "of-the car'on the other side li l to go for help..'Seizing a broom I,; from the porch of the Smith home ll'Grassfield ran aften his assailants II. out they escaped in his 'car in the ·(·direction o£ the railroad round- rj house. . ' : ' · ; · IK Grassfield said he met Bill -Fischer, .Anamosa . night pplice- lm^n, and together they started a |J search.'They foiind the Grassfield I, car near! the : roundhouse,' where |! the engine had stalled. |i While Grassfield - and Fischer ) continued their search; Fischer re- teelved an alarm signal from the j'cfty-haH. and upon going there '.was notified that a car belonging ! 5P.C' H. Myers, a farmer, and · driven by Myers* son. Preston, a , high school student, had been -stolen from in front of a billiard j parlor. \ x v. · Chief of Police Fred Van DC I Walle of Tama reported finding / the Myers car- abandoned with its · gas tank empty, on a Tama street i about 3:15 a. m. Thursday. A c* ^belonging'to Dale Hardon was reported missing- at the same time' from the Hardon home a block ,; away. . . ' · The prison farm from which the trustees escaped is one of several operated by the institution. The I men are housed during the night MASON ClTt, H)WA, THUKSDAY, JANUARY 11. 1944 casualties south invasion are moved back from the: front by trucks. McFai-lin, assistant state attorney general, and any other persons Nebergall feels are necessary, the governor said. " G u a r.'d Newhard,. who is not required .to'stay awake at night, notified the .reformatory of the break at 7:35 a. m., presumably immediately alter learning about it. . , - · · . · In Des Moines, the board of control said it was notified \jy -Warden Davis' office at 9 a.'m. Officials of the, board said they assumed Davis had informed the state'police radio of the break, as was the" custom. ,As's result of the misunderstanding, the /report did not get to the police radio until 10:32 a..m. - ' Davis' said the reason he did not notify the police radio immediately upon learning of the escape was that he was trying first to,get..complete descriptions and other data on the men. Be uid lie did not know; what time the b*art,«JT controJ w»« aoiifTed by ' ' · · · ' - ' ' cause j Tama.' SvitK' information" that" an autpniobile had been stol en -there. After;getting the call, Davis said, he: realized', the theft probably ,vas by the escapees. Guards at the reformatory said ihey had attended a'regular meeting conducted, by: institution officials -Thursday. night and hinted ihat the meeting, usually referred to by the guards as a '"hell meeting," was more extensive than usual. Yanks 3 Miles From Cassino Broadened Offensive .,,.·.', By WES GALLAGHER -ti, Headquarters, Algiers,. (#--Virtually the'entii'e A 5SL"*TM1 ?£.TM.L TMJ?TMTM**y i * » broadened its^ thZgh e toOO^rnd4!oOO C toT 1 hig a h y * a ^^ mountains ^to threaten Cassino from a 3rdside. . American infantry . swept to within 3 miles, of Cassino in a frontal .attack with the capture of Cervaro Wednesday after almost surrounding the village, headquarters announced. The Germans already had announced its loss In the first day of the French offensive in the mountains of central Italy, Gen. .Alphonse Join's troops advanced 2/3rds of a mile southwest. of Koccheta, 12 miles north-east or Cervaro. : ','. They, captured a. 3,00 0-foot peak overlooking vth;e;-roa - - - - - most Hue .west:/of'', T l ^T : l^PW fe ^^^ms^mm ^iiK:^ro?Sn q ^ a fe · ^W2$m%£»i.*. . .... .neatts pre- viousjy 'lost-iMt;:.' Mbllirio overlooking ' Acqiiafondala, .7 miles northeast of Cassino, and Mt. ftai- mo. iii the same area to the north of Viticusb. · ' - ' . ' The allies thus held mountains overlooking Viticusp from 2 sides; The surprise- French advance caught a number of German prisoners. , Jiun's troops, fighting in some of the roughest country in purope, where virtually all supplies must be hauled by mule and hand from one peak to another, were threatening the Cassino-Atina road, one of the 2 valley highways leading north from Cassino. On the 8th army'front there were only patrol activity heavy artillery fire and ! In a regular house with a.guard. there, along Guard Gene Newhard was with the men. Wednesday night. Usually there are about 16 trusties kept at the farm, but Wednesday night .there were 12. "Tlwy iast walked aw»y sornt- ttwe Airinc the ·teht," D»vid *. MeCreery of the stele ,b*«r« of contrtl MM In Des Mohws. "Their ab*enee w*s discovered Thursday "·ornbjj at roll can." . Earl Raver, secretary To War- Ben Davis, said the warden was notified ot the escape about 10 a. m. · Chief ' Niebcrgal will head the investigation of the institution and wilt be assisted by William F I BoncLQuotas Throughout County Set Cerro Gordo county's $2,497,000 quota in.the 4th war loan-drive starting Tuesday, has been broken down into $1,327,000 for Mason City, $900,000 for the farmers in he 16 townships, $150,000 for Jear Lake . and lesser amounts for the towns, the county war finance c o m m i t ' t e e announced Thursday. ·' -- ,,. Quotas for the towns were an- .- , weather allowed compara- t'vely few air sorties Wednesday but fighter-bombers in a sweep over to. the Dalmatian coast shot down 2 Messerschmitt 109s out of Announcement of more details of the sky battle over Sofia on Jan. 10 between American flying fortresses and their-38 escort on one side and.60 German fighters on. the other,: disclosed that the Americans had won a crushinr victory. . . . ^At a cost, of. 2 of their own planes, the Americans shot down - total of 28 of the enemy STILLMAN, 70, FINANCIER, DIES Had Been Involved m. Sensational Divorce ThU Paper Consist, ot Two Sections-Stcti NO. M 100 Billion Dollar Budget Provides for at Least 18 Months More of War PET TROOPS OVER WORST OF PRIPET MARSH Threaten Strongholds of Nazis at Rovno, Pinsk and Kovel Moscow. (VP)_Gen. Nikolai Va tutin's highly mobile 1st Ukrain ian army, expanding its front 01 the Sarny sector (in old Poland to a width of 50 miles or iriore struck out in several sweeping movements Thursday'to threater the German-held strongholds o Rovno, Pinsk and Kovel. The strong armored and infan try force of Vatutin's right wing which captured Dombrovitsa, 21 miles uorth of Sarny on (hi Rovno - Sarny - Baranowicze rail way, fought its way through frozen , marshland country - to within 30 miles southeast of Pinsk important center on the Gomel Brest-Lilovsk railway. It already had passed the wors of the Piipet marshes and alreadi advance units were approaching the high rolling ! the swamps. While this force was smashing its way to the northwest, a new offensive launched Tuesday, to the north of-the marshes by Gen Konstantin Rokossovsky's White Russian army was approaching the city of Mozyr, CO miles south west of Gomel, along a 20 mill wide front. Dispatches said that Germai troops in front of Rokossovsky'. Xew York, (£;--James A. Still-I ^ dvance were falling back io- mah, : 70,v former board .chairman wards Pinsk, and a 2nd threat to of the National City aankr of New York'.and · - - - Thursday pital-'afte: . .tor'of the bank up. : t6' his deafhJ.On active as-a-'direc- ' he tinie^of . - brated his 40th ahnivjfrsafy bn'ihe board. His tenure 'as -'director was the longest on record, of any member of the board of National Gity. ' Stillman: retired as president of the bank in 1921 as he and his wife. Anne Urquhart. Potter, 'entered into 10 years' of sensational divorce litigation: . - . ; · Stillman, \vTio married his' wife 20 years before, charged her with infidelity, a charge. which she denied, when she piade a counteraccusation. of Improper relations on his part with Florence Leeds, former chorus girl, and of being the father of he latter's child. A referee held Stillman guilty of adultery and cleared his wife of/ all charges. Subsequently she m a r r i e d Fowler McCormick, grandson o£ John D. Rockefeller 1 and 18 years her junior. nounced as follows: Rockwell Thornton Plymouth Ventura . Dougherty. .- 525,000 25,000 20,000 20,000 12,000 Meservey .;-.-.. ....-... 10 000 Swaledale 50 00 Rock Falls . ^. :-.:.. 3,000 The quota of $1,101,500 in E bonds was 'emphasized again by the committee which pointed out that the small .bonds alone are almost 45 per cent.pf the county's quota. This is in line with the quotas on the-, state and national level. .. . . , ' . . ' · " · " Retail stores in the county are Planning 'to -. take a particularly active part in. the 4th war loan drive, with every clerk .in every store capable of selling bonds and delivering them immediately according to .present plans. Reveal IJ. S. Destroyer Brownson Has Been Lost Washington, (U.PJ--The navy revealed Thursday that the destroyer Brownson was lost in action off New Britain during the landing of American forces on Cape Gloucester, The loss of a destroyer in this action put not its identification, was announced on Dec. 27. The navy said Thursday that there were.208 survivors. 12 encountered. In Italy, American Mitchell: attacked enemy, targets, near Arce ahead of the 5th-army and fighter- bombers attacked the enemy'in the Orsogn.a area. RAF Baltimore^ also', bombed Paleria, 25 miles southwest of Chicti. . - · CRUISER IS LAUNCHED Newport News, Va., (U.P^--The U. S. S. Duluth, 6th great cruiser to be launched at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock company plant since war began, slid down the ways Thursday aftcr being christened by Mrs. Edward. H. Hatch, wife of the mayor of Duluth, Minn. · IOWAN TELLS OF MAKING ESCAPE DCS Moines, (/P)--Staff Sgt. Lc- land Gorshe, 24,~Des Moines, disclosed Thursday that he and 1 500 other British and American prisoners in a prison camp in Italy" 'escaped" .last September when the Italians save them permission to flee as German forces approached. Gorshe, in company with Sgt. Charles'King of Cherokee, and Pfc. .Charles Dittman of Audubon, wandered" for 3 months through the Italian hills before reaching allied lines. "After the surrender of Italy" Gorshe related, "the,Italians told us our troops wouldxbe there'in 2 days to get us, but they didn't come. "By that time an armored German column was just 2 miles from camp and we didn't want the Germans to get us "We told the Italians either to let us go or we were going--so they let us go." Gorshe was taken prisoner at Bizerte, in north Africa, on Dec. 1, 1942, while serving with a British commando outfit. He is home on a 20 day furlough. Gorshe said King also are home. and Dittman de'velop- mg. Pmsk is 140 miles west o Mozyr at the confluence : of the '«=»-"~-- and Pimr rivers alon JAMES A. STILLMAN'" · -··--Dies in New York Stimson Makes Report on ,U. S, Casualties Washington. (U.R)--Secretary of War, Henry" L. Stimson revealed Thursday that UV S. army casualties through Dec. 23 totaled 105229--16,831 killed, 38,916 wounded 24,067 missing and 25,415 prisoners of war. Casualties among American elements oE the fifth army since its invasion of Italy amounted to 18,119--2,798 killed, 11,762 wounded and 3,559 missing! Reveal Mustang Planes Flew Near Berlin * London, (U.R) --- America's new mustang PolB, which has been ranging deeper and deeper into Germany since early December, penetrated Berlin's outer defense circle within 100 miles of the capital itself Tuesday, it can be revealed Thursday. ' j ; ttfe_ northern;.ed|e ,,of the Pripe "Csiae Sarriy as a pivot, Vatniin sent other flying columns soutl and dispatches reported them op crating within 23 miles north o Kovno, an advance of approxi mately Z5 miles through marshy terrain to high ground beyond Other units reportedly w_^ striking westward from Sarny toward Kovel, an important junction on the Kiev-Warsaw railway Rokossovsky's drive above the Pripet marshes parallelled a fresl Russian advance along the southern edge of the vast swamp area where Vatutin's first Ukrainian army crossed the Sluch. river anc captured the rail junction o Sarny (35 miles inside the olt Polish border) and Dombrovitsa 20 miles lo the north. Sarny is 270 miles east of Warsaw, on th Kiev-Warsaw trunk railway. In the southern Ukraine the lett wing of Vatutin's forces encountered strong German coun- tc.-attacks east of Vinnitsa, but continued to smash through German resistance south of Belaya Tserkov. : Further east Gen. Ivan S. Honey's second Ukrainian army, driving for a junction with Va- tutin's group, scored additional successes against the -enemy in the Korovograd salient. Vinnitsa, important center ,,,. the strategic Kicv-Zhcrinka railway leading into the Odessa-Warsaw trunk line, is 200 miles south of.. M o z y r , while'" Kirovofrad, where the Germans suffered one of their worst defeats of the present offensive, lies 300 miles southeast of the White Russian stronghold. Belaya Tserkov midway between the 2 sectors. The Russian communique said -" "-'- 5,000 Germans 144 nazi tanks the past 21 hours, than 80 towns and villages fell to the advancing Rus- tha* more than were killed and wrecked in while more sians. ' IS GRANTED DIVORCE San Francisco. (U.RI--Mrs. Rosa Jane Stanley, 19, was granted a divorce from her sailor-husband. She said he married her "so he wouldn't have to live aboard ship when in port." Weather Report FORECAST Iowa: Fair and warmer Thursday night and Friday. Mason City: Fair Thursday night and and warmer Friday; lowest temperature Thursday night in Mason City 12. Minnesota: Partly cloudy warmer Thursday night and south portion Friday, becoming colder north portion by Friday evening. . IN MASON EXTi"* Globe-Gazette weather statistics- Maximum Wedns'dy 17 above Minimum Wed. night 2 below At 8 a. m. Thursday 4 above YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 10 Minus 12 Figures in Budget Proposal bu^^^r Pe ^ ^s 1 e «n^\^ s i 0 months hence, stacks up with latest estimates for current spending ?S?o ,e a -H? 1 fl S ures f°r the fiscal years ending June 30, 1943 and Ivd9 f i n tv\,llirt«- ft *J tl l _.... \ . ** ' ^a-nt AUU 1945 1941 Estimate Estimate War 90,000 92,000 Interest on debt 3,750 2,650 Veterans pensions and benefits 1,252 865 Refunds (taxes and customs) 1,799 ,412 All other ; 2,953 3,524 Govt. corporations (expenditures less receipts) 15 - -175 Total expenditures 99,769 99,276 Net receipts 40,769 41,186 Deficit 59,000 58,090 1943 Actual · 75,083 1,808 600 79 3,583 -1,476 79,679 22,282 57,397 1942 Actual 28,266 1,260 94 4,479 -440 34,211 12,799 21,412 Budget Talk Highlights Washington, (#)--H i g h 1 i ghts from President Roosevelt's budget message: This is a period (ending June 30, 1945 which I am certain will be crucial in the history of Hie United States and of mankind, a period which will sec decisive action in- this global war. ·* We must fight, and fight hard. With pride in ~"the overall achievements of American -management and labor, I can say that we are now well equipped: with pride in the military leadership ot the allied forces, I can say that we are now in a strategic position lo make full use of our equipment for decisive blows by land, by sea and by air. * We have converted and diverted approximately half of our resources to war purposes. In the production of munitions we now almost equal the rest of the world combined. . . For the . fiscal "year 1945--the year ending 18 months lienc war expenditures a r e estimated at 90 billion dollars. It {this estimate) is based on the assumption that the war will . continue throughout the fiscal year 1945. * It hostilities end on one major front before they end on other fronts, -large scale demobilization adjustments will be possible and necessary while we are still fighting a major war. * Our objective must be a permanently high level of national income and a correspondingly high standard of living.^ The soldier, the worker, the businessman and the farmer must" have the assurance against economic chaos * B o t h servicemen and n-ar workers will need active help in fin dine their way back into gainful and productive peacetime employment. To master this great task of re-employment we must maintain and strengthen during the demobilization period a unified national employment and counseling service. * The old age and survivors insurance s y s t e m should · be amended to give^ those in the armed forces credit for the period of military service. * I repeat my recommendation that the present unemployment insurance system be strengthened to provide the necessary protection to the millions of workers who may be affected by recon- version of industry. . . . I also recommend the adoption of a program of federal" unemployment allowances for members of the armed forces. * More and more, our prosperity and world prosperity become interdependent. * The'year 19*4 will be more critical on the food front. Farm production must be larger than in DRY CRUSADE IS LAUNCHED Claim Weekend Sprees Retard War Output Washington. (/P) -- " P a y - d a y drinjfing" and "weekend sprees' which they said were seriously retarding war production anc slowing up victory, were advanced by prohibition advocates Thursday as prime reasons foi enactment of a national wartime ban on hard liquor sales. The opening of a new prohibition crusade before a house judiciary sub-committee considering legislation by Representative Bryson (D., S. Car.) to outlaw for the duration beverages containing more than one-half ot one per cent alcohol by volume, drew a crowd/ to the hearing Barring u n f a v o r a b l e weather conditions, I believe this objective c a n and w i l l be achieved. A stable farm price level is Jasic if we are to prevent infla- ion. I have often declared my lelief that the judicious use of subsidies is necessary if consumer prices are to be kept from rising. Stretches to Make iieight Requirement C h i c a g o , (U.R)--Pvt. Isabelle Marks, 22, of the WAC, did stretching exercises for a week to gain an inch to meet the minimum WAC height requirement of 5 feet Pvt. Marks passed her phys- cal examination last w e e k , topped (he exercises, and Thursday was back at her old height of Icet, 11 inches. capacity room. Dr. Elizabeth Smart, legislative representative , o£ the Women's Christian Temperance Union, introduced the witnesses called here by the national temperance prohibition council. .,,The first .was..Dr.-.W.ilpur L Dubois, Milwaukee chemical "engineer and food chemist, who discussed the problem of industria absenteeism and blamed much o it on "short illnesses." He attributed about 12 per cent o£ all absenteeism to "weekend sprees.' He also referred to "excessive drinking at pay-day" and said surveys had disclosed that manj industrial workers spend much ol their pay-day period in saloons. He told the committee that alcohol contains no vitamins atici deprives the body of essential foods. Asked by Representative Ccller {D., N. Y.) if prohibition would keep alcohol from the workers, Dubois said he was not qualified to answer,(hat. Celler made the assertion that the war manpower commission and the office ot war information opposed the legislation. Dr. George W. Crabbe, superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League, read a prohibition council denunciation ot liquor as a 'non-essential, l u x u r y enterprise" having no place in a war program. Crabbe recommended that emphasis be placed on "temperance and virtue as civic obligations in a time ot national peril" and that the president use his war powers to bait liquor traffic in industrial areas. DIE IN SIOUX CITY AIR CRASH Survivor Pulls 2 Others to Safety From Blaze Sioux City, WO--Four army airmen who were killed about' 8:30 P. m. Wednesday when their bomber crashed-and burned at the edge of the Sioux City army airbase, have been identified, it was announced by the base commanding officer. The plane was on a routine combat training flight \vhcn the accident occurred. Two other members o£ the crew were injured nnd taken to the base hospital. The 7th crewman escaped with m : n o r bruises. Thrown clear of the wreck, he was able to drag his 2 'companions to safely before the heat of the fire became too intense to permit additional rescue.- Names, of the 4 men killed in the crash, according to the public relations office, are Second Lt. Lewis G. Austin, survived by his father, Ernie L.. Austin, Fremont, Nebr.; Second Li Thomas C. Kerins, survived by his wife, Catherine P. Kerins, Sioux Sity; Sgt LeRoy L. Bratton, survived by his mother, Buhlia Bell Bratten, Beau- n*nt, Cal., and Sgt. Frank T. Coleman, survived by his mother, Martine W. Colcman, Cherry Chase, Md. B«y War Saving* Bonds and SUmps from row Globe-Gazette carrier boy. PROVISIONSFOR QUICK VICTORY IMPACT LISTED Declares* Groundwork to Return U. S. to Peace Must Be Laid BUDGET IN A NUTSHELL Estimated expenditures for fiscal year beginning July f__ $99,769,000,000, including $90,000,000,000 for war. Revenue estimated for same period-- $40,769,000,000. Deficit for the year--$59,000,000,000. Expected debt by fiscal year end Jun e 30, 1945)--$258,000,000,000. New taxes proposed--$10,500,000,000. Total war program by fiscal year end--$397,000,000,000. W a s h i n g t o n , (IP}--President Roosevelt . laid before congress Thursday his Und 5100,000,000,000 war-time budget embodying plans for at least 18 months more ot global conflict but at the same time reflecting preparations to absorb the impact of sudden victory in Europe. For war activities alone the new budget projects expenditures of 590,000,000,000 in the fiscal year beginning July 1, on the assumption that the fighting ivill continue full tilt at least until mid- 1945, ' "We can not.rely with safety oa hopes d£ earlier victory" in making actual, plans, Mr. Roosevelt said.- But he noted the possibility , ' - . e i t - l T i l l . . ! 'I--. 7 t e YOUR Share in War and Peace Budget $726.07 ' Washington, (P)--Your share of this country's 1945 war-and-peace budget is just a fraction of a. cent under §726.07--which is S»n.33 more than Uncle Sam figured you had in cold cash in your pocket on New Year's eve. But--if 'the war continues la make necessary the spending of all t h a t $99,769,236,900 President Roosevelt ouilined Thursday, It will send the national debt to $258,000,000.000 by June 30. 19i5, and your share of that will be a. cool 51,877.59. _ These per capita figures are based on a population of 137,410,000 used by the treasury this week in computing the SI48.74 a, person estimate on money in circulation. This fiscal year's spending, estimated at $99,276,028,895, is a p«r capita rate of S722.49. sucli a development would mean that much of the money he now requests would not have to be .spent. In order to be prepared for victory "whenever it comes," the president said that the essence of the government's program now stacked up in the budget, is that "while we move toward complete lefeat of our enemies, we musk ray the groundwork to return tho nation lo peaceful pursuits." Mr. Roosevelt summed up th« budget as "the financial requirements for victory/' He included a demand for "a truly stiff .fiscal program" providing at least $10000,000,000 in new taxes on lop of the S40,i69,000,000 which ha estimated present revenue laws ivill produce in fiscal 1915. He also urged congress not fo alter the contract renegotiation laws, under which war production costs can be whittled down, or the automatic doubling of (he one per cent social security, levies which would have gone into effect Jan. uary 1 except for congressional action temporarily delaying the effective date. He advised the lawmakers, too, .bat nis'esUmates are based on (he-assumption that the wage and price line will be held. "I am convinced that the line can be held," he said. And he reiterated his belief in the necessity for "judicious use of subsidies'-' to-hold down the cost of living. Declaring that planning can not safely rely on -"hopes," the president nevertheless voiced the "hop'a that this total war progam will never be .fully obligated and spent · But its approval is esseri- ml, he added, "to permit our mij- tary leaders and our procurement igencies the flexibility they must have in planning and executing he job ahead.': Barring a European victory or other major .development, the war program from the start of defense

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